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Mukesh Kumar, Jai Thilak
INTRODUCTION: The glenoid labrum is frequently torn in traumatic glenohumeral dislocation; arthroscopic repair is the standard method of treatment. The complications associated with this repair are pulling out of metal suture anchors, chondrolysis and joint infection. The infection of joint after arthroscopy is less than 1%. Staphylococcus is most common organism and rarely followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We report a case of infected shoulder with chondrolysis of the joint and pulled out metal suture anchor lying inside the joint after Bankart's repair...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
S García-Mata, O Jiménez Sarmiento, J Duart Clemente, A Hidalgo Ovejero
Idiopathic chondrolysis of the hip is a very rare disease occurring during adolescence. Pain and limp are the most common symptoms and are a consequence of an accelerated loss of the articular cartilage with a lower range of move-ment producing rigidity in the last instance. The natural history is unpredictable and varies between complete and spon-taneous recovery and the ankylosis. The current recommended treatment is conservative, restricting the surgical option for residual stiffness. A clinical case of an eleven year old patient is presented...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Atanu Bhattacharjee, Robert Freeman, Andrew P Roberts, Nigel T Kiely
This was a retrospective review of 80 patients with unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis treated with either prophylactic fixation or observation. The unaffected hip of 44 patients (mean age 12.6 years) were subjected to simultaneous prophylactic fixation and 36 patients (mean age 13.4 years) were managed by observation. Fisher's exact test showed a significantly high incidence of sequential slip of unaffected hips in the observation group in comparison with prophylactic fixation (P=0.002). No cases had avascular necrosis or chondrolysis...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
David Ruiz Picazo, Francisco Doñate Pérez, Plácido Jiménez Ortega, Natalia Gaspar Aparicio
UNLABELLED: Idiopathic chondrolysis of the hip (ICH) is a rare condition of unknown etiology, and is characterized by rapid, progressive destruction of the articular cartilage in the coxofemoral joint. This condition has an insidious onset, and is observed more commonly in female preadolescents. Patients report intense pain, motion restriction, and often present with an antalgic gait. Medical imaging techniques are required to make a differential diagnosis and biological markers for inflammation and infection should be evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Balasubramanian Balakumar, Sanjeev Madan
PURPOSE: Contemporary methods for the management of neck deformity following a healed severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) include subcapital neck osteotomy. METHODS: 18 patients with chronic severe SCFE in the oblique plane (mean slip angle = 70°) constituted the study group. 6 patients with an open physis underwent modified Dunn capital realignment and 12 patients with a closed physis underwent surgical dislocation with a corrective neck osteotomy...
July 25, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Dan Cosma, Dana Elena Vasilescu, Andrei Corbu, Mădălina Văleanu, Dan Vasilescu
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is evolving, with the development of new surgical techniques. |We wanted to study if modified Dunn procedure restores the normal alignment of the proximal femur and the risk of avascular necrosis is increased. METHODS: This is a single centre, retrospective study, comparing the outcomes of in situ pinning and modified Dunn procedure. Between 2001 and 2014, 7 children (7 hips) underwent the modified Dunn procedure and 10 children (10 hips) pinning in situ for stable and unstable SCFE...
March 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
R Lenz, M Kieb, P Diehl, C Grim, S Vogt, T Tischer
Injections at tendon insertions, in muscles and in joints are an important instrument in the conservative treatment of musculoskeletal diseases, for acute injuries as well as for chronic degenerative diseases. Local anesthetic agents and glucocorticoids are well-established medications; however, severe side effects, such as chondrolysis have sometimes been reported, particularly for local anesthetic agents. In addition platelet rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid are also widely used; however, the clinical effectiveness has not always been proven...
May 2016: Der Orthopäde
Travis Murray, Melanie A Morscher, Amy M Krahe, Mark J Adamczyk, Dennis S Weiner
Previous studies documented the use of fibular allograft in the treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) with bone graft epiphysiodesis (BGE). This study describes the results of using a 10-mm diameter premilled fibular allograft packed with demineralized bone matrix placed across the physis in an open surgical approach under image intensification. A review identified 45 cases of BGE using fibular allograft and demineralized bone matrix in 34 patients with a diagnosis of SCFE performed by a single surgeon during an 8-year period...
May 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Abhinav Gulihar, Shibby Robati, Haider Twaij, Alan Salih, Grahame J S Taylor
BACKGROUND: Chondrolysis involves the breakdown of cartilage following arthroscopic surgery, most commonly affecting the glenohumeral joint. METHODS: This review summarises all clinical and laboratory studies regarding local anaesthetic (LA) and its association with chondrolysis. We identified 289 papers, 41 of which met our inclusion criteria and were included in the final review. RESULTS: Bupivacaine, lidocaine, ropivacaine and levobupivacaine are all toxic to cartilage...
December 2015: Journal of Orthopaedics
Sylvain Steinmetz, François Bonnomet, Michel Rahme, Philippe Adam, Matthieu Ehlinger
BACKGROUND: Rapidly destructive osteoarthritis of the hip and rapid chondrolysis of the lateral compartment of the knee or the shoulder are rare, but have been previously described in the medical literature. To the best of our knowledge, no case of medial femorotibial compartment chondrolysis after arthroscopy has yet been described. We therefore submit the first case report. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old white European man presented with right knee pain due to a medial meniscal tear with no other abnormality found on examination or imaging...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Bradley Schoch, Jean-David Werthel, Robert Cofield, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, John W Sperling
BACKGROUND: Chondrolysis is a rare complication after shoulder arthroscopy leading to early joint destruction. Shoulder arthroplasty may be considered for end-stage chondrolysis, but concerns exist about implant survivorship, given the younger age of this population. This study aimed to assess pain relief, function, and survivorship of shoulder arthroplasty for chondrolysis and to assess risk factors for failure. METHODS: Between January 2000 and January 2013, 26 consecutive shoulders with chondrolysis were treated at our institution with shoulder arthroplasty...
September 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Jonathan D Barlow, Joseph Abboud
Young patients with glenohumeral arthritis are an ongoing treatment challenge. They typically have high demands of their shoulders, require long-term durability due to their young age, and often have altered local anatomy, through their disease process (instability arthropathy, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, etc.) or from previous surgery (capsulorraphy arthropathy, chondrolysis, etc.). Workup to evaluate underlying causes of early arthritis, and to exclude infectious causes are necessary. When nonoperative management fails, arthroscopic debridement, hemiarthroplasty (isolated, with glenoid reaming, or with biological interposition), and total shoulder arthroplasty are treatment options available to the treating surgeon...
January 2016: International Journal of Shoulder Surgery
N Bigorre, Y Saint Cast, B Cesari, F Rabarin, G Raimbeau
HYPOTHESIS: Early medical management of rheumatoid arthritis with biotherapy has changed the traditional musculoskeletal damage from this disease. When the distal radio-ulnar joint (DRUJ) is involved, classic procedures may be inappropriate. We chose a hemi-arthroplasty of the DRUJ joint (Eclypse™) in patients with persistent synovitis and chondrolysis with a stable joint. The aim of this study was to assess the intermediate term results of this approach in these specific cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a retrospective study of 5 Eclypse arthropasties implanted between March 2005 and March 2011...
May 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Keith M Baumgarten, Elizabeth Helsper
BACKGROUND: Clinical studies using continuous infusions of local anesthetics and basic science studies that model injections of local anesthetics have shown chondrotoxicity. However, clinical studies do not exist that have assessed for the risk of chondrolysis in nonarthritic joints exposed to single or intermittent corticosteroid or analgesic injections. Currently, there are no data available to guide the clinician on the safety of using these injections in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients treated for adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder with at least 1 intra-articular injection of a corticosteroid and anesthetic was performed...
June 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
John Roaten, David D Spence
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a condition of the immature hip in which mechanical overload of the proximal femoral physis results in anterior and superior displacement of the femoral metaphysis relative to the epiphysis. The treatment of SCFE is surgical, as the natural history of nonsurgical treatment is slip progression and early arthritis. Despite advances in treatment, much controversy exists regarding the best treatment, and complication rates remain high. Complications include osteonecrosis, chondrolysis, SCFE-induced impingement, and related articular degeneration, fixation failure and deformity progression, growth disturbance of the proximal femur, and development of bilateral disease...
April 2016: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
M M Niane, C V A Kinkpé, M Daffé, L Sarr, A B Gueye, A D Sané, S I L Séye
INTRODUCTION: Osteotomy performed below the femoral neck plays a leading role in the treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). It results in anatomical reduction. Several modifications have been made to Dunn's original osteotomy technique. We have developed another modification to this technique that uses an anterior surgical approach on a traction table with fluoroscopy control. HYPOTHESES: Will this technique help to reduce the number of complications? Will its results be superior to those achieved with the standard Dunn osteotomy procedure? MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center study of 26 cases in 24 patients (2 bilateral cases)...
February 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Eric S Secrist, Kevin B Freedman, Michael G Ciccotti, Donald W Mazur, Sommer Hammoud
BACKGROUND: Effective pain management after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction improves patient satisfaction and function. PURPOSE: To collect and evaluate the available evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on pain control after ACL reconstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, UpToDate, Cochrane Reviews, CINAHL, and Scopus following PRISMA guidelines (July 2014)...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
I S Vanhegan, J P Cashman, P Buddhdev, A Hashemi-Nejad
Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) is the most common hip disorder to affect adolescents. Controversy exists over the optimal treatment of severe slips, with a continuing debate between in situ fixation versus corrective surgery. We present our experience in a series of 57 patients presenting with severe unilateral SUFE (defined > 50°) managed with a subcapital cuneiform osteotomy. Between 2001 and 2011, 57 patients (35 male, 22 female) with a mean age of 13.1 years (9.6 to 20.3, SD 2.3) were referred to our tertiary referral institution with a severe slip...
December 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
Giovanni Trisolino, Gherardo Pagliazzi, Giovanni L Di Gennaro, Stefano Stilli
BACKGROUND: The management of moderate and severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis is still an issue. The main concern is represented by the choice of an intra-articular or an extra-articular osteotomy to correct the deformity. Theoretically, the intra-articular osteotomy allows the best correction, but it is technically demanding and involves a higher risk of avascular necrosis (AVN); conversely, an extra-articular intertrochanteric osteotomy (ITO) is easier and involves a lower risk of early complications, but may lead to femoroacetabular impingement, resulting in early osteoarthritis and the need for total hip replacement (THR)...
November 18, 2015: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Allison M Tenfelde, Amanda O Esquivel, Allison M Cracchiolo, Stephen E Lemos
BACKGROUND: The possibility of physeal injury during anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the pediatric population is a concern. The purpose of this study was to determine whether drilling at or near the physis could cause a temperature increase that could trigger chondrolysis. METHODS: Skeletally immature cadaveric lamb distal femurs were used for this study and randomly placed in 1 of 6 groups (n=10 in each group). We examined the 8 and 10 mm Flipcutter at a distance of 0...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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