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First attempt intubation success rate

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416239/tracheal-intubation-through-laryngeal-mask-airway-ctrach%C3%A2-with-polyvinyl-chloride-tube-comparison-between-two-orientations-of-the-tracheal-tube
#1
Karri Pavani, Handattu Mahabaleswara Krishna, Joseph Nandhini
Background and Aims: Higher success rate of intubation is observed with the reverse orientation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) tracheal tube while intubating through laryngeal mask airway (LMA) Fastrach™. It is not clear whether the same is true during intubation through LMA CTrach™ visualizing the process of intubation. The primary aim of this study was to compare the influence of the PVC tracheal tube orientation on the success rate of intubation while intubating through LMA CTrach™...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416238/i-gel-versus-laryngeal-mask-airway-lma-classic-as-a-conduit-for-tracheal-intubation-using-ventilating-bougie
#2
Aditi A Dhimar, Bhavika R Sangada, Mahendra R Upadhyay, Sangita H Patel
Background and Aims: Supraglottic airways (SGAs) are generally used for airway management; but can also be used as a conduit for tracheal intubation. Our primary aim was to evaluate i-Gel and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) classic as conduits for tracheal intubation using ventilating bougie by assessing number of attempts and time for insertion of SGAs, ventilating bougie and endotracheal tube (ETT), and total intubation time. Material and Methods: A randomized clinical trial was carried out in 58 patients requiring general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation for planned surgery...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416219/an-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-low-level-pressure-support-and-t-piece-as-strategies-for-discontinuation-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-a-general-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#3
Kaweesak Chittawatanarat, Sariphat Orrapin, Karuna Jitkaroon, Sirirat Mueakwan, Ubolrat Sroison
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of continuous low pressure support (PSV) and T-piece as strategies for discontinuation of mechanical ventilation and extubation in a surgical ICU. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective open label randomized control study in surgical ICU patients who were intubated, mechanically ventilated, and who met criteria for a spontaneous breathing trial. Eligible, enrolled patients were randomized to receive low-level pressure supportup to 7 cmH2O (PSV) or T-piece as the mode of their spontaneous breathing trial...
February 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406183/efficacy-of-a-new-dual-channel-laryngeal-mask-airway-the-lma%C3%A2-gastro%C3%A2-airway-for-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
N C S Terblanche, C Middleton, D L Choi-Lundberg, M Skinner
BACKGROUND: Significant cardiorespiratory events are frequent in patients undergoing gastrointestinal endoscopy. Central to the occurrence of respiratory events is an unsecured airway. This study sought to determine the efficacy of a new laryngeal mask airway, the LMA®GastroTM Airway (Teleflex Medical, Athlone, Ireland), in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. New design features include a dedicated channel for oesophageal intubation and separate channel with terminal cuff for lung ventilation...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405258/videolaryngoscopy-vs-macintosh-laryngoscopy-for-double-lumen-tube-intubation-in-thoracic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-trials
#5
REVIEW
T T Liu, L Li, L Wan, C H Zhang, W L Yao
Double-lumen intubation is more difficult than single-lumen tracheal intubation. Videolaryngoscopes have many advantages in airway management. However, the advantages of videolaryngoscopy for intubation with a double-lumen tube remain controversial compared with traditional Macintosh laryngoscopy. In this study, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library and the Web of Science for randomised controlled trials comparing videolaryngoscopy with Macintosh laryngoscopy for double-lumen tube intubation. We found that videolaryngoscopy provided a higher success rate at first attempt for double-lumen tube intubation, with an odds ratio (95%CI) of 2...
February 6, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351759/tracheal-intubation-in-critically-ill-patients-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials
#6
Luca Cabrini, Giovanni Landoni, Martina Baiardo Radaelli, Omar Saleh, Carmine D Votta, Evgeny Fominskiy, Alessandro Putzu, Cézar Daniel Snak de Souza, Massimo Antonelli, Rinaldo Bellomo, Paolo Pelosi, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled studies evaluating any drug, technique or device aimed at improving the success rate or safety of tracheal intubation in the critically ill. METHODS: We searched PubMed, BioMed Central, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials and references of retrieved articles. Finally, pertinent reviews were also scanned to detect further studies until May 2017. The following inclusion criteria were considered: tracheal intubation in adult critically ill patients; randomized controlled trial; study performed in Intensive Care Unit, Emergency Department or ordinary ward; and work published in the last 20 years...
January 20, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349352/learning-fiberoptic-intubation-for-awake-nasotracheal-intubation
#7
Hyuk Kim, Eunsun So, Myong-Hwan Karm, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo
Background: Fiberoptic nasotracheal intubation (FNI) is performed if it is difficult to open the mouth or if intubation using laryngoscope is expected to be difficult. However, training is necessary because intubation performed by inexperienced operators leads to complications. Methods: Every resident performed intubation in 40 patients. Success of FNI was evaluated as the time of FNI. First intubation time was restricted to 2 min 30 s. If the second attempt was unsuccessful, it was considered a failed case, and a specialist performed nasotracheal intubation...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332445/stylet-angulation-of-70-degrees-reduces-the-time-to-intubation-with-the-glidescope%C3%A2-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#8
Yong-Cheol Lee, Jiwon Lee, Je-Do Son, Jae-Yoon Lee, Hyun-Chang Kim
Objective The GlideScope® videolaryngoscope provides a good view of the glottis. However, directing and inserting an endotracheal tube is sometimes difficult during intubation with the GlideScope®. In this study, we compared two GlideScope® stylet angulations (90° vs. 70°) in terms of the time to intubation. Methods In total, 162 patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In the 90 group ( n = 79), a 90° stylet was used. In the 70 group ( n = 78), a 70° stylet was used...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315473/a-before-and-after-observational-study-of-a-protocol-for-use-of-the-c-mac-videolaryngoscope-with-a-frova-introducer-in-pre-hospital-rapid-sequence-intubation
#9
S Ångerman, H Kirves, J Nurmi
Results using videolaryngoscopy in pre-hospital rapid sequence intubation are mixed. A bougie is not commonly used with videolaryngoscopy. We hypothesised that using videolaryngoscopy and a bougie as core elements of a standardised protocol that includes a drugs and a laryngoscopy algorithm would result in a high first-pass tracheal intubation success rate. We employed videolaryngoscopy (C-MAC) combined with a bougie (Frova intubating introducer) in an anaesthetist-staffed helicopter emergency medical service...
January 8, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297718/evaluation-of-physiologic-alterations-during-prehospital-paramedic-performed-rapid-sequence-intubation
#10
Robert G Walker, Lynn J White, Geneva N Whitmore, Alexander Esibov, Michael K Levy, Gregory C Cover, Joel D Edminster, James M Nania
OBJECTIVE: Physiologic alterations during rapid sequence intubation (RSI) have been studied in several emergency airway management settings, but few data exist to describe physiologic alterations during prehospital RSI performed by ground-based paramedics. To address this evidence gap and provide guidance for future quality improvement initiatives in our EMS system, we collected electronic monitoring data to evaluate peri-intubation vital signs changes occurring during prehospital RSI...
January 3, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239965/videolaryngoscopy-for-physician-based-prehospital-emergency-intubation-a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-comparison-of-different-blade-types-using-a-p-advance-c-mac-system-and-kingvision
#11
Erol Cavus, Sebastian Janssen, Florian Reifferscheid, Amke Caliebe, Andreas Callies, Martin von der Heyden, Peer G Knacke, Volker Doerges
BACKGROUND: Videolaryngoscopy is a valuable technique for endotracheal intubation. When used in the perioperative period, different videolaryngoscopes vary both in terms of technical use and intubation success rates. However, in the prehospital environment, the relative performance of different videolaryngoscopic systems is less well studied. METHODS: We conducted this prospective, randomized, multicenter study at 4 German prehospital emergency medicine centers...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217156/air-q%C3%A2-versus-lma-fastrach%C3%A2-for-fiberoptic-guided-intubation-a-randomized-cross-over-manikin-trial
#12
M Portas, M I Canal, M Barrio, M Alonso, P Cabrerizo, M López-Gil, M Zaballos
INTRODUCTION: Airway management is still a major cause of anesthesia-associated morbidity and mortality. Supraglottic devices are recommended in difficult airway management guidelines. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of the Air-Q® and the LMA Fastrach™ for fiberoptic guided tracheal intubation. METHODS: Thirty-three anesthesia trainees participated in this randomized crossover study. Time to insert the dedicated airways (insertion of the airway into the manikin and delivery of two breaths), time to tracheal intubation (fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation), time to remove the dedicated airway (removal of the Air-Q®/LMA Fastrach™ over the tracheal tube) and the opinion of the ease of use of the anesthesia trainees were measured...
December 4, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214627/a-12-month-descriptive-analysis-of-emergency-intubations-at-brooke-army-medical-center-a-national-emergency-airway-registry-study
#13
Michael D April, Steven G Schauer, Calvin A Brown Rd, Patrick C Ng, Jessie Fernandez, Andrea E Fantegrossi, Joseph K Maddry, Shane Summers, Daniel J Sessions, Robert M Barnwell, Mark Antonacci
Emergency airway management is a critical skill for military healthcare providers. Our goal was to describe the Emergency Department (ED) intubations at Brooke Army Medical Center (BAMC) over a 12-month period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Physicians performing endotracheal intubations in the BAMC ED complete data collection forms for each intubation event as part of the National Emergency Airway Registry, including patient demographics, intubation techniques, success and failure rates, adverse events, and patient disposition...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194282/frequency-and-characterization-of-tracheal-intubation-adverse-events-in-pediatric-sepsis
#14
Sarah K Schmidt, Lina Brou, Sara J Deakyne, Rakesh D Mistry, Halden F Scott
OBJECTIVES: Intubation in critically ill pediatric patients is associated with approximately 20% rate of adverse events, but rates in the high-risk condition of sepsis are unknown. Our objectives were to describe the frequency and characteristics of tracheal intubation adverse events in pediatric sepsis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a sepsis registry. SETTING: Two tertiary care academic emergency departments and four affiliated urgent cares within a single children's hospital health system...
November 30, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178953/video-laryngoscopy-does-not-improve-the-intubation-outcomes-in-emergency-and-critical-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Jia Jiang, Danxu Ma, Bo Li, Yun Yue, Fushan Xue
BACKGROUND: There is significant controversy regarding the influence of video laryngoscopy on the intubation outcomes in emergency and critical patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to determine whether video laryngoscopy could improve the intubation outcomes in emergency and critical patients. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases from database inception until 15 February 2017...
November 24, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152934/a-prospective-randomised-trial-of-the-ambu-auragain-laryngeal-mask-versus-the-lma-protector-airway-in-paralysed-anaesthetised-adult-men
#16
Berthold Moser, Laurent Audigé, Christian Keller, Joseph Brimacombe, Lukas Gasteiger, Heinz R Bruppacher
BACKGROUND: We hypothesise that oropharyngeal leak pressures differ between the LMA® ProtectorTM and the AuraGainTM, two novel supraglottic airway devices offering the possibility of intubation. METHODS: 98 male patients ASAI-II were randomly assigned to the AuraGainTM or ProtectorTM group. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was measured by incrementing cuff volume in 10 ml steps from 10 ml to 40 ml. The primary outcome was oropharyngeal leak pressure at 40 ml cuff volume...
November 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132804/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-the-utility-of-lighted-stylet-and-glidescope-for-double-lumen-endobronchial-intubation
#17
Jee-Eun Chang, Hyerim Kim, Seong-Won Min, Jung-Man Lee, Jung-Hee Ryu, Soohyuk Yoon, Jin-Young Hwang
OBJECTIVE: To compare GlideScope and lighted stylet for double-lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) intubation in terms of intubation time, success rate of first attempt at intubation, difficulty in DLT advancement toward the glottis, and postoperative sore throat and hoarseness. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Medical center governed by a university hostpial. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two adult patients undergoing thoracic surgery using DLT intubation...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056498/a-comparison-of-3-videolaryngoscopes-for-double-lumen-tube-intubation-in-humans-by-users-with-mixed-experience-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Mohamed R El-Tahan, Alaa M Khidr, Ihab S Gaarour, Saeed A Alshadwi, Talal M Alghamdi, Abdulmohsen Al'ghamdi
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that laryngoscopy using the Airtraq (Prodol Limited, Viscaya, Spain) or King Vision laryngoscope (KVL) (Ambu A/S, Ballerup, Denmark) would result in a shorter time for successful double-lumen endobronchial tube (DLT) intubation by users with mixed experience than the time required using the Macintosh or GlideScope (Verathon Inc., Bothell, WA) laryngoscopes. DESIGN: A randomized, prospective, blind study. SETTING: A single university hospital...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981579/comparison-of-the-paediatric-blade-of-the-pentax-aws-and-ovassapian-airway-in-fibreoptic-tracheal-intubation-in-patients-with-limited-mouth-opening-and-cervical-spine-immobilization-by-a-semi-rigid-neck-collar-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
D H Kim, J Y Yoo, S Y Ha, Y J Chae
Background: We compared the performances of the paediatric blade of a Pentax Airway Scope and an Ovassapian airway in fibreoptic tracheal intubation in patients whose necks were stabilized by semi-rigid neck collars. Methods: Ninety patients were enrolled in this prospective, open-label, randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups (Group OVA-FOB and Group AWS-FOB). The time to tracheal intubation, success rate of tracheal intubation, number of optimization manoeuvres (jaw thrust), and difficulty of manipulation of the fibreoptic bronchoscope were compared between the groups...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953308/et-view-compared-to-direct-laryngoscopy-in-patients-with-immobilized-cervical-spine-by-unexperienced-physicians-a-randomized-crossover-manikin-trial
#20
Katarzyna Karczewska, Lukasz Szarpak, Jacek Smereka, Marek Dabrowski, Jerzy Robert Ladny, Wojciech Wieczorek, Oliver Robak, Michael Frass, Sanchit Ahuja, Kurt Ruetzler
BACKGROUND: Immobilization of the cervical spine is indicated in all patients with the potential risk of any cervical spine injury. Airway management in these patients is challenging and direct laryngoscopy is the standard of care. Videolaryngoscopes like the ET-View were introduced into clinical practice to provide better airway visualization and ease intubation. The ET-View is essentially a conventional endotracheal tube, but is equipped with a miniature camera on the tip. The ET-View has not been investigated in patients with immobilized cervical spine so far...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
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