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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318666/cardiac-sympathetic-denervation-100years-later-jonnesco-would-have-never-believed-it
#1
Peter J Schwartz, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Luigi Pugliese
One hundred years have elapsed since Thomas Jonnesco performed the first left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in a patient with unmanageable angina pectoris and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, and the progress in the field has surpassed imagination. Here we will review the historic basis of cardiac sympathectomy for the management of life-threatening arrhythmias and will then discuss the often forgotten critical experimental studies that provided the rationale for the amazing growth of its role in clinical management...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315563/impact-of-serum-erythropoietin-level-on-collateral-vessel-development-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#2
Nil Özyüncü, Sadi Güleç, Çağdaş Özdöl, Başar Candemir, Aydan Ongun, Cansın Tulunay Kaya, Çetin Erol
OBJECTIVE: Experimental data have shown that Erythropoietin (EPO) stimulates angiogenesis and neovascularization which may result in improved collateral development. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between serum EPO levels and the extent of coronary collaterals. Patient characteristics possibly related with coronary collaterals were also sought. METHODS: A total of 256 patients with high grade coronary stenosis or occlusion were evaluated for the extent of coronary collaterals using Rentrop classification...
March 9, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306758/the-association-between-blood-lead-levels-and-cardiovascular-diseases-among-lead-exposed-male-workers
#3
Young-Sun Min, Yeon-Soon Ahn
Objective We prospectively evaluated the association between blood lead levels (BLL) and increases in hospital admissions for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among lead-exposed workers in Korea. Methods The study cohort was derived from Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency data, which included lead-exposed male workers who underwent lead-associated medical check-ups at least once between 2000 and 2004. The hospital adjusted admission hazard ratio (AHR) of cardiovascular diseases for each BLL grade (10-20 and ≥20 μg/dL) was compared with that of the reference grade (<10 μg/dL) using Cox's proportional hazard models...
March 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306544/acute-ischemic-stroke-mimicking-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-after-coronary-angioplasty
#4
Ana Pršić, Tomislav Šipić, Krešimr Štambuk, Hrvoje Budinčević
Use of non-ionic contrast media (CM) in coronary arteriography has been reported to cause transient cortical blindness, confusion, amnesia and very rare focal deficits. We report a 69-year old patient with stabile angina pectoris who underwent coronary angioplasty with stent placement due to in-stent thrombosis of the right coronary artery who developed stroke symptoms with radiological suspicion of subarachnoid hemorrhage. No vascular malformations were detected on CT cerebral angiography. Dual antiplatelet treatment was continued...
March 16, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301860/it-is-a-painful-somatic-symptom-not-the-history-of-cancer-malignancy-that-is-associated-with-depression-findings-from-multiple-national-surveys
#5
Krystina Johnson, Maria D Politis, Andrew R Hansen, Lindsey E McKenzie, Dustin T Duncan, Jian Zhang
Medical case management has improved in the past few decades, changing the dynamic interaction between depression and prevalent medical diseases. It is relevant to describe the comorbidity between depression and medical diseases to further improve the effectiveness of case management. We analyzed the data of adults aged 20 years and older, who completed depression screening as a part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005 to 2012. Depression was ascertained using the Patient Health Questionnaire, a 9-item screening instrument asking about the frequency of depression symptoms over the past 2 weeks...
April 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294852/-level-of-soluble-receptor-for-glycation-end-products-in-patients-with-restenosis-after-coronary-artery-stenting
#6
S G Kozlov, Z A Gabbasov, S V Byazrova, O S Saburova, V P Masenko
The purpose of research - the study of the level of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (CNG) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) with angina pectoris who have emerged restenosis after implantation of drug-eluting stents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: HASH(0x3bb0b78)
April 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293007/-dual-left-anterior-descending-coronary-artery-report-of-a-case
#7
Soujiro Amamoto, Masaru Yoshikai, Takahiro Miho, Kiyokazu Koga
A 77-year-old male presented with angina pectoris. On coronary angiography, the left anterior descending artery(LAD) was obstructed after branching the second septal branch. Three-dimensional (3D) images constructed with 64-slice computed tomography (CT) showed type I dual LAD. The short LAD, which had been erroneously recognized as a septal branch on coronary angiography, ran on the anterior interventricular sulcus (AIVS) where it then terminated. The long LAD, which was obstructed at its origin, ran on the left ventricular side of the AIVS, and entered the distal part of the AIVS...
March 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290843/-influence-of-the-potassium-channels-activator-nicorandil-to-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-ishemic-heart-disease-and-stable-angina-pectoris
#8
Zh M Sizova, V L Zakharova, N V Kozlova, T S Kuchkina
The aim of the study to assess the influence of medicamentous therapy to the quality of life of ischemic heart disease patients with stable angina pectoris by activator potassium channels nicorandil in comparison with traditional therapy by isosorbide dinitrate. The study included 84 ischemic heart disease patients. Authors consider quality of life as an estimated category of state of the subject in an illness situation. The dynamic of physical and psychological components of quality of life are compared in ischemic heart disease patients under the treatment by nicorandil and isosorbide dinitrate...
June 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290813/-causes-of-angina-pectoris-in-survivors-of-myocardial-infarction-and-the-role-of-optimization-of-antianginal-therapy-data-of-the-linkor-study-e
#9
M G Glezer, E I Astashkin On Behalf Of The Linkor Study Investigators
AIM: to analyze causes of attacks of angina pectoris and assess impact of optimization of antianginal therapy on frequency of attacks provoked by various factors. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We analyzed diaries of 1226 survivors of myocardial infarction (MI) which occurred within 12months before inclusion in the LINKOR program. Causes of pain and their changes with correction of antianginal therapy were registered during 16 weeks of follow-up. RESULTS: Participants of the study indicated the following factors as causes of pain: physical exertion (74...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289645/accuracy-of-heart-rate-measurement-using-smartphones-during-treadmill-exercise-in-male-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#10
Eun Sun Lee, Jin Seok Lee, Min Cheol Joo, Ji Hee Kim, Se Eung Noh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of a smartphone application measuring heart rates (HRs), during an exercise and discussed clinical potential of the smartphone application for cardiac rehabilitation exercise programs. METHODS: Patients with heart disease (14 with myocardial infarction, 2 with angina pectoris) were recruited. Exercise protocol was comprised of a resting stage, Bruce stage II, Bruce stage III, and a recovery stage. To measure HR, subjects held smartphone in their hands and put the tip of their index finger on the built-in camera for 1 minute at each exercise stage such as resting stage, Bruce stage II, Bruce stage III, and recovery stage...
February 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284365/initiation-and-duration-of-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-after-inpatient-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-stent-implantation-in-germany-an-electronic-healthcare-database-cohort-study
#11
Andres Luque Ramos, Christoph Ohlmeier, Dirk Enders, Roland Linder, Dirk Horenkamp-Sonntag, Jürgen H Prochaska, Rafael Mikolajczyk, Edeltraut Garbe
BACKGROUND: Studies assessing the routine outpatient dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Germany are scarce. The aim of this study was (i) to investigate the initiation and duration of DAPT after inpatient PCI with stent implantation in Germany, and (ii) to identify factors associated with DAPT discontinuation during the recommended treatment period. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was based on data from a large German electronic healthcare database of the years 2004 to 2009...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283422/importance-of-compensatory-heart-rate-increase-during-myocardial-ischemia-to-preserve-appropriate-oxygen-kinetics
#12
Sadamitsu Yoshida, Hitoshi Adachi, Makoto Murata, Junichi Tomono, Shigeru Oshima, Masahiko Kurabayashi
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia induces cardiac dysfunction, resulting in insufficient oxygen supply to peripheral tissues and mismatched energy production during exercise. To relieve the insufficient oxygen supply, heart rate (HR) response is augmented; however, beta-adrenergic receptor blockers (BB) restrict HR response. Although BB are essential drugs for angina pectoris, the effect of BB on exercise tolerance in patients with angina has not been studied. The aim of this study was to clarify the importance of HR augmentation to preserve exercise tolerance in patients with angina pectoris...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275590/protocol-for-evaluating-the-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-to-predict-cardiovascular-events-in-japan-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#13
REVIEW
Toru Miyoshi, Hiroshi Ito, Shigeo Horinaka, Kohji Shirai, Jitsuo Higaki, Hajime Orimio
INTRODUCTION: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was developed in Japan and is a blood pressure-independent index of arterial stiffness from the origin of the aorta to the ankle. In recent years, it has been studied by many researchers worldwide, and it is strongly anticipated that it will play a role as a predictive factor for arteriosclerotic diseases. The objective of this study was to examine the benefits of using CAVI as a predictor of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients...
January 2017: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275419/early-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-symptomatic-subjects-with-advanced-vascular-atherosclerosis-of-the-carotid-artery-type-iii-and-iv-b-findings-using-ultrasound
#14
Ansgar Adams, Waldemar Bojara, Klaus Schunk
BACKGROUND: A study was conducted as to whether the early diagnosis of coronary heart disease (CHD) in symptomatic patients with advanced atherosclerosis of the carotid artery was more successful using ultrasound technology than exercise electrocardiography (ECG). METHODS: Within the scope of an occupational screening program using subjects from diverse employment sectors, people were given the opportunity to determine their risk of heart attack. During the study, the total plaque area (TPA), the maximum plaque thickness in the carotid artery and the PROCAM scores of 3,513 healthy men and 2,088 healthy women between the ages of 20 and 65 were determined...
February 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264619/advancements-in-pharmacotherapy-for-angina
#15
Ankur Jain, Islam Y Elgendy, Mohammad Al-Ani, Nayan Agarwal, Carl J Pepine
Angina pectoris is the most prevalent symptomatic manifestation of ischemic heart disease, frequently leads to a poor quality of life, and is a major cause of medical resource consumption. Since the early descriptions of nitrite and nitrate in the 19(th) century, there has been considerable advancement in the pharmacologic management of angina. Areas covered: Management of chronic angina is often challenging for clinicians. Despite introduction of several pharmacological agents in last few decades, a significant proportion of patients continue to experience symptoms (i...
March 7, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261097/curcumin-alleviates-oxldl-induced-mmp-9-and-emmprin-expression-through-the-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapk-pathways-in-macrophages
#16
Jiatian Cao, Bozhi Ye, Lu Lin, Lei Tian, Hongbo Yang, Changqian Wang, Weijian Huang, Zhouqing Huang
Rupture of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques is the leading cause of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and unstable angina pectoris (UA). However, it still lacks an effective therapy to stabilize the vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques. Numerous reports have shown that upregulation of MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9) and EMMPRIN (extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer) in macrophages is involved in the progression and development of vulnerable plaques. Here we evaluated the impact of curcumin on the expression of MMP-9 and EMMPRIN in macrophages...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260995/immune-cell-repertoire-and-their-mediators-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-or-stable-angina-pectoris
#17
Wenwen Yan, Yanli Song, Lin Zhou, Jinfa Jiang, Fang Yang, Qianglin Duan, Lin Che, Yuqin Shen, Haoming Song, Lemin Wang
Background: To evaluate the natural innate and adaptive immunity through gene expression and cytology levels in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stable angina pectoris (SAP) and controls. Methods: 210 patients with AMI, 210 with SAP, and 250 clinical controls were recruited. Whole human genome microarray analysis was performed in 20 randomly chosen subjects per group were examined to detect the expressions of complement markers, natural killer cells, T cells and B cells...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256323/ivabradine-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-protection-beyond-heart-rate-lowering
#18
Giampaolo Niccoli, Josip Anđelo Borovac, Vincenzo Vetrugno, Paolo G Camici, Filippo Crea
Ivabradine is a heart rate reducing agent that exhibits anti-ischemic effects through the inhibition of funny electrical current in the sinus node resulting in heart rate reduction, thus enabling longer diastolic perfusion time, and reduced myocardial oxygen consumption without detrimental changes in arterial blood pressure, coronary vasomotion, and ventricular contractility. The current guideline-based clinical use of Ivabradine is reserved for patients with stable angina pectoris who cannot tolerate or whose symptoms are inadequately controlled with beta blockers...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255796/acute-myocardial-infarction-in-a%C3%A2-patient-suffering-from-penicillin-induced-laryngeal-edema-kounis-syndrome-aggravated-by-adrenaline
#19
Mahmut Yesin, Macit Kalçık, Mustafa Ozan Gürsoy, Süleyman Karakoyun, Metin Çağdaş, Mehmet Özkan
Kounis syndrome or allergic angina is defined as the coincidental occurrence of chest pain and allergic reactions accompanied by clinical and laboratory findings of classical angina pectoris. It is triggered by the action of potent vasoactive and inflammatory mediators, which are released from the mast cells during the allergic reaction. Epinephrine is a life-saving medication in anaphylaxis; however, it can aggravate ischemia and induce coronary vasospasm and arrhythmias. Here, we present a patient with Kounis syndrome that was caused by intramuscular injection of procaine penicillin G, and in whom epinephrine administration for treatment of laryngeal edema had provoked severe myocardial ischemia...
March 2, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255728/comparison-of-early-phase-arterial-repair-following-cobalt-chrome-everolimus-eluting-stent-and-slow-release-zotarolimus-eluting-stent-an-angioscopic-study
#20
Takayuki Ishihara, Osamu Iida, Masashi Fujita, Masaharu Masuda, Shin Okamoto, Kiyonori Nanto, Takashi Kanda, Takuya Tsujimura, Akihiro Sunaga, Masaki Awata, Shinsuke Nanto, Masaaki Uematsu
Whether arterial repair following implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES) of the second generation differs among stent types remains unknown. We examined 41 DES placed in 28 patients (age 72 ± 7 years, male 89%) presenting with stable angina pectoris due to de novo lesions in native coronary arteries. Coronary angioscopy was performed 4 ± 1 months after stent implantation. Patients were divided into two groups based on the DES types: 22 cobalt-chrome everolimus-eluting stents (CoCr-EES) in 13 patients and 19 slow-release zotarolimus-eluting stents (R-ZES) in 15 patients...
March 2, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
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