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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915444/age-and-composite-end-point-events-in-medium-follow-up-of-patients-with-carotid-artery-total-occlusion-using-drug-therapy
#1
Huai Wu Yuan, Ren Jie Ji, An Ge Wang, Ya Jie Lin, Han Feng Chen, Zi Qi Xu, Zhi Yi Peng, Ben Yan Luo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The outcome of carotid artery total occlusion (CATO) is unclear. The aim of this study is to report the medium incidence of composite end-point events and risk factors (especially age), in patients with CATO, treated medically. METHODS: This was a single center retrospective study. Composite end-point events included death, ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, hemorrhagic stroke, myocardial infarction, or angina. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors of composite end-point events...
September 6, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913846/cardioprotective-effects-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-juice-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#2
Zahra Razani, Mostafa Dastani, Hamid Reza Kazerani
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of pomegranate juice in patients with ischemic heart disease. One hundred patients, diagnosed with unstable angina or myocardial infarction, were randomly assigned to the test and the control groups (n = 50, each). During 5 days of hospitalization, in addition to the conventional medical therapies, the test groups received 220 mL pomegranate juice, daily. During the hospitalization period, the blood pressure, heart rate, as well as the intensity, occurrence, and duration of the angina were evaluated on a regular basis...
September 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912818/a-successfully-treated-case-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-causing-severe-anemia-and-localized-peritonitis-showing-angina-pectoris-resulting-in-watershed-cerebral-infarction
#3
Yoshihide Sehara, Yuka Hayashi, Kenichi Ohya, Naoki Kaneko, Mikio Sawada
Ischemic stroke following acute myocardial infarction is a rare but a serious complication. Because the pathophysiology of stroke is dynamic, it is often hard to identify the cause of stroke. Here, we present the case of a 75-year-old man with ischemic stroke following angina pectoris caused by severe anemia and localized peritonitis due to gastrointestinal stromal tumor of small intestine. On admission, he showed consciousness disturbance, fever, and left hemiplegia. The electrocardiogram on admission showed ST-segment depression in V2 to V6 which was normalized 4 hours later...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911992/is-corneal-arcus-independently-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-asians
#4
Mark Yu Zheng Wong, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Preeti Gupta, Sing Hui Lim, Blanche Lim, Yih-Chung Tham, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Ecosse Luc Lamoureux
PURPOSE: To examine the longitudinal relationship between baseline corneal arcus (CA) and incident CVD in ethnic Indian and Malay adults in Singapore. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. METHODS: Indian and Malay adults aged 40-80 years were recruited for baseline and 6-year follow-up visits between 2004-09 and 2010-15, respectively (follow-up response rate 73.9%). CA was assessed by ophthalmologists using slit-lamp biomicroscopy. The main outcome was self-reported incident CVD, defined as new myocardial infarction, angina pectoris or stroke, which developed between baseline and follow-up...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903477/chronic-refractory-angina-pectoris-recent-progress-and-remaining-challenges
#5
Johannes Waltenberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902646/a-massive-left-to-right-shunt-due-to-delayed-spontaneous-perforation-of-polyvinyl-alcohol-membrane-of-atrial-septal-occluder
#6
Serdar Bozyel, Tayfun Şahin, Emir Dervis, Müjdat Aktaş, Hüseyin Şaşkın
Percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect (ASD) has emerged as an alternative to surgery. A 54-yearold woman with a history of percutaneous ASD closure with a 30-mm Cardia Ultrasept septal occluder (Cardia Inc., Eagan, MN, USA) comprising 2 discs made of Nitinol wire mesh covered with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) membrane, was admitted to the hospital with unstable angina pectoris. In a routine examination, transthoracic echocardiography revealed a left-to-right shunt through the device. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) also demonstrated significant left-to-right shunt through the central portion of the prosthesis...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902641/assessment-of-the-association-between-the-personality-traits-of-young-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Nermin Bayar, Ramazan Güven, Zehra Erkal, Kamil Can Akyol, Mustafa Ilker Edebali, Selçuk Küçükseymen, Şakir Arslan
OBJECTIVE: The role of psychosocial risk factors is becoming increasingly important in the etiology of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The purpose of this study was to assess an association between the personality types of young patients with ACS and the prevalence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Patients younger than 45 years of age who presented with ACS and who underwent coronary angiography in the period from 2012 to 2016 were included in the study...
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894471/practice-of-comparative-effectiveness-research-to-identify-treatment-characteristics-of-similar-chinese-patent-medicine-for-angina-pectoris
#8
Hongbo Cao, Ping Wang, Nan Li, Dan Liu, Junshao Ma, Ruihong Fan, Zhihuan Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Individualized application of TCM is not easy and may lead to undesirable results, such as poor effect or even adverse reactions. This trial aims to compare two common Chinese patent medicines with similar effects. BACKGROUND OF THE RESEARCH: Four hospitals carried out the test at the same time in Tianjin city of China. PARTICIPANTS: 144 patients were involved in this study; all patients must meet the diagnostic criteria. INTERVENTIONS: Qishen Yiqi pills, compound danshen pills, and their placebos; an efficacy analysis was conducted after the first medication and after crossover medication...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894060/-redo-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-for-postoperative-vein-graft-stenosis-of-anomalous-origin-of-the-left-coronary-artery-from-the-pulmonary-artery-report-of-a-case
#9
Taro Minamida, Takashi Sugiki, Masamichi Itou, Yasuhiro Kamikubo, Makoto Takahira
Bland-White-Garland (BWG) syndrome (anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery) is a rare disease which may result in myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure or sometimes death during the early infantile period. We present a 57-year-old female with BWG syndrome. At the age of 20, she was diagnosed with BWG syndrome and underwent coronary artery bypass grafting of a saphenous vein to the proximal portion of the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery and ligation of the anomalous artery...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893795/serial-3-vessel-optical-coherence-tomography-and-intravascular-ultrasound-analysis-of-changing-morphologies-associated-with-lesion-progression-in-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris
#10
Myong Hwa Yamamoto, Kennosuke Yamashita, Mitsuaki Matsumura, Akiko Fujino, Masaru Ishida, Seitarou Ebara, Toshitaka Okabe, Shigeo Saito, Koichi Hoshimoto, Kisaki Amemiya, Tadayuki Yakushiji, Naoei Isomura, Hiroshi Araki, Chiaki Obara, Thomas McAndrew, Masahiko Ochiai, Gary S Mintz, Akiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Optical coherence tomographic (OCT) morphologies associated with lesion progression are not well studied. The aim of this study was to determine the morphological change for untreated lesion progression using both OCT and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We used baseline and 8-month follow-up 3-vessel OCT and IVUS to assess 127 nonculprit lesions (IVUS plaque burden ≥40%) in 45 patients with stable angina after target lesion treatment...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893753/a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-venous-stenting-with-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-deep-venous-obstruction-research-protocol
#11
Timme Maj van Vuuren, Jorinde H H van Laanen, Maaike de Geus, Patty J Nelemans, Rick de Graaf, Cees H A Wittens
INTRODUCTION: Deep venous obstruction (DVO) has a great impact on quality of life (QoL) comparable to angina pectoris or chronic pulmonary disease. Post-thrombotic scar formation and May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) are the most common causes of DVO. Conventional treatment of DVO focuses on reducing pain or leg swelling by use of (pain) medication and therapeutic elastic stockings. In the past, a venous bypass was offered in severe post-thrombotic cases, but this procedure showed bad clinical and patency outcomes...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891729/early-age-related-macular-degeneration-with-cardiovascular-and-renal-comorbidities-an-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2005-2008
#12
Qi Cheng, Jinan B Saaddine, Ronald Klein, Richard Rothenberg, Chiu-Fang Chou, Dora Il'yasova
PURPOSE: A cross sectional study was designed to examine the relationship of early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with comorbidities of cardiovascular and renal conditions in the representative population using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2005-2008. METHODS: Participants (≥40 years) who underwent retinal photography were included. Early AMD was defined by the retinal digital images. The comorbidities were self-reported stroke and heart disease (HD), including angina pectoris (AP), coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive heart failure (CHF), and myocardial infarction (MI)...
September 11, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891590/co-administration-of-cyclosporine-and-ticagrelor-may-lead-to-a-higher-exposure-to-cyclosporine-a-case-report-of-a-49-year-old-man
#13
T T van Sloten, P A G de Klaver, A W L van den Wall Bake
A drug interaction leading to higher exposure to cyclosporine DRUGS IMPLICATED: Cyclosporine and ticagrelor THE PATIENT: A 49-year old man with a stable renal graft, managed with cyclosporine with stable trough blood concentrations for several years, was treated with ticagrelor for unstable angina pectoris EVIDENCE THAT LINKS THE DRUG TO THE EVENT: The timeline was consistent with the appearance of an interaction, the interaction was confirmed by an increase in trough concentration of cyclosporine, and there were no alternative causes that by themselves could have caused the increase in cyclosporine exposure MANAGEMENT: Cessation of ticagrelor MECHANISM: Inhibition of CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein by ticagrelor IMPLICATIONS FOR THERAPY: Clinicians should be aware of this potential interaction as ticagrelor is frequently prescribed in individuals using cyclosporine...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886155/coronary-heart-disease-and-risk-for-cognitive-impairment-or-dementia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Kay Deckers, Syenna H J Schievink, Maria M F Rodriquez, Robert J van Oostenbrugge, Martin P J van Boxtel, Frans R J Verhey, Sebastian Köhler
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Accumulating evidence suggests an association between coronary heart disease and risk for cognitive impairment or dementia, but no study has systematically reviewed this association. Therefore, we summarized the available evidence on the association between coronary heart disease and risk for cognitive impairment or dementia. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched for all publications until 8th January 2016. Articles were included if they fulfilled the inclusion criteria: (1) myocardial infarction, angina pectoris or coronary heart disease (combination of both) as predictor variable; (2) cognition, cognitive impairment or dementia as outcome; (3) population-based study; (4) prospective (≥1 year follow-up), cross-sectional or case-control study design; (5) ≥100 participants; and (6) aged ≥45 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885394/pleiotrophin-levels-are-associated-with-improved-coronary-collateral-circulation
#15
Pinar Türker Duyuler, Serkan Duyuler, Murat Gök, Harun Kundi, Canan Topçuoğlu, Ümit Güray
OBJECTIVES: Elucidation of the underlying mechanisms of angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in coronary collateral formation is necessary for new therapies. Pleiotrophin is a secreted multifunctional cytokine and associated with the formation of functional cardiovascular neovascularization in a series of experimental animal models. We aimed to evaluate the serum levels of pleiotrophin in patients with chronic total coronary artery occlusion and poor or good collateral development. METHODS: We included 88 consecutive patients (mean age of the entire population: 63...
September 6, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863874/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-on-statins
#16
Tetsu Watanabe, Kaoru Ando, Hyuma Daidoji, Yoichiro Otaki, Shigeo Sugawara, Motoyuki Matsui, Eiichiro Ikeno, Osamu Hirono, Hiroshi Miyawaki, Yoshinori Yashiro, Satoshi Nishiyama, Takanori Arimoto, Hiroki Takahashi, Tetsuro Shishido, Takehiko Miyashita, Takuya Miyamoto, Isao Kubota
BACKGROUND: There is a residual risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) despite intensive statin therapy for secondary prevention. The aim of this study was to investigate whether coronary plaque regression and stabilization are reinforced by the addition of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to high-dose pitavastatin (PTV). METHODS: We enrolled 193 CHD patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in six hospitals. Patients were randomly allocated to the PTV group (PTV 4mg/day, n=96) or PTV/EPA group (PTV 4mg/day and EPA 1800mg/day, n=97), and prospectively followed for 6-8 months...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854963/takayasu-s-arteritis-a-case-with-relapse-after-urgent-coronary-revascularization
#17
Klaus Empen, Astrid Hummel, Daniel Beug, Stephan B Felix, Mathias C Busch, Piotr M Kaczmarek
BACKGROUND: Vasculitides are commonly unrecognized causes of coronary stenosis and myocardial ischemia. We report on a 24-year old patient with Takayasu's arteritis who underwent urgent percutaneous coronary intervention, suffered from symptomatic restenosis of the left main coronary artery during standard immunosuppressive therapy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 24-year old woman was referred for coronary angiography because of typical progressive angina pectoris. On bicycle ergometry, there were both reproducible symptoms and deep ST segment depressions on precordial leads...
July 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854822/health-literacy-is-associated-with-health-behaviour-and-self-reported-health-a-large-population-based-study-in-individuals-with-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Anna Aaby, Karina Friis, Bo Christensen, Gill Rowlands, Helle Terkildsen Maindal
Background Health literacy may constitute a modifiable determinant of health behaviour and affect cardiovascular disease prevention. This study investigates the associations between health literacy and health behaviour as well as health status. Design A cross-sectional study on a population-based sample of people with acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris or stroke ( N = 3116). Methods Health literacy was assessed using two dimensions from the Health Literacy Questionnaire: 'understanding health information' and 'engaging with healthcare providers'...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844035/state-of-the-art-optimal-medical-therapy-competing-with-or-complementary-to-revascularisation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Javaid Iqbal, Robert Widmer, Bernard J Gersh
The role of coronary revascularisation with PCI and CABG in patients with stable and unstable coronary artery disease (CAD) is well established and there is a general consensus among guidelines as regards the indications for coronary revascularisation. Although revascularisation has undoubtedly revolutionised the treatment of CAD, it is vital to understand the recent advances and importance of the concomitant use of evidence-based optimal medical therapy (OMT). In contemporary practice, OMT should include an antiplatelet agent (or dual antiplatelet therapy when indicated) and a lipid-lowering drug for all patients, and a beta-blocker and an ACE inhibitor (or angiotensin receptor blocker) for the vast majority of patients, along with addressing cardiac risk factors and lifestyle management...
August 25, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835831/three-dimensional-optical-frequency-domain-imaging-of-a-true-bifurcation-lesion-after-stent-implantation-using-the-jailed-semi-inflated-balloon-technique
#20
Yohei Numasawa, Hiromu Hase, Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Ryota Tabei, Toshiki Kuno, Masaki Kodaira, Tetsuya Saito
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous coronary intervention for coronary bifurcation lesion is very challenging, especially for true bifurcation lesions. Although the jailed semi-inflated balloon technique is one of the established methods for treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions, little is known regarding the configuration of the side branch orifice after stent implantation using this technique. METHODS: We report a 73-year-old male patient with angina pectoris who was successfully treated with percutaneous coronary stent implantation for a true bifurcation lesion of the right coronary artery with an obtuse angle using the jailed semi-inflated balloon technique...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
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