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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038830/a-distance-blended-learning-program-to-upgrade-the-clinical-competence-of-district-non-doctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#1
Shristi Shah, Stephen Knoble, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering
BACKGROUND: Across Nepal, anesthesia at a district level is provided mostly by non-doctor anesthesia providers (anesthesia assistants-AAs). Nepal's Government recognized the need to sustain competence with continuous professional development and to upgrade 6-month trained working AAs to professional equivalence with the new national standard of 12-month training. As they are essential district health workers and AA clinical training sites are full, an innovative distance blended learning, competency-based, upgrade 1-year course was developed and conducted in 2014-2017 for two batches...
October 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032622/harnessing-private-sector-expertise-to-improve-complementary-feeding-within-a-regulatory-framework-where-is-the-evidence
#2
Marti J van Liere, Dessie Tarlton, Ravi Menon, M Yellamanda, Ietje Reerink
Global recognition that the complex and multicausal problems of malnutrition require all players to collaborate and to invest towards the same objective has led to increased private sector engagement as exemplified through the Scaling Up Nutrition Business Network and mechanisms for blended financing and matched funding, such as the Global Nutrition for Growth Compact. The careful steps made over the past 5 to 10 years have however not taken away or reduced the hesitation and scepticism of the public sector actors towards commercial or even social businesses...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027421/-online-endpoint-detection-algorithm-for-blending-process-of-chinese-materia-medica
#3
Zhao-Zhou Lin, Chan Yang, Bing Xu, Xin-Yuan Shi, Zhi-Qiang Zhang, Jing Fu, Yan-Jiang Qiao
Blending process, which is an essential part of the pharmaceutical preparation, has a direct influence on the homogeneity and stability of solid dosage forms. With the official release of Guidance for Industry PAT, online process analysis techniques have been more and more reported in the applications in blending process, but the research on endpoint detection algorithm is still in the initial stage. By progressively increasing the window size of moving block standard deviation (MBSD), a novel endpoint detection algorithm was proposed to extend the plain MBSD from off-line scenario to online scenario and used to determine the endpoint in the blending process of Chinese medicine dispensing granules...
March 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017521/an-integrative-review-of-e-learning-in-the-delivery-of-self-management-support-training-for-health-professionals
#4
Sharon Lawn, Xiaojuan Zhi, Andrea Morello
BACKGROUND: E-learning involves delivery of education through Information and Communication Technology (ITC) using a wide variety of instructional designs, including synchronous and asynchronous formats. It can be as effective as face-to-face training for many aspects of health professional training. There are, however, particular practices and skills needed in providing patient self-management support, such as partnering with patients in goal-setting, which may challenge conventional practice norms...
October 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987896/using-reusable-learning-objects-rlos-in-wound-care-education-undergraduate-student-nurse-s-evaluation-of-their-learning-gain
#5
Catherine Redmond, Carmel Davies, Deirdre Cornally, Ewa Adam, Orla Daly, Marianne Fegan, Margaret O'Toole
BACKGROUND: Both nationally and internationally concerns have been expressed over the adequacy of preparation of undergraduate nurses for the clinical skill of wound care. This project describes the educational evaluation of a series of Reusable Learning Objects (RLOs) as a blended learning approach to facilitate undergraduate nursing students learning of wound care for competence development. Constructivism Learning Theory and Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning informed the design of the RLOs, promoting active learner approaches...
October 2, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979913/learning-style-preferences-a-study-of-pre-clinical-medical-students-in-barbados
#6
Nkemcho Ojeh, Natasha Sobers-Grannum, Uma Gaur, Alaya Udupa, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder
INTRODUCTION: Educators need to be aware of different learning styles to effectively tailor instructional strategies and methods to cater to the students' learning needs and support a conductive learning environment. The VARK [an acronym for visual (V), aural (A), read/write (R) and kinesthetic (K)] instrument is a useful model to assess learning styles. The aim of this study was to use the VARK questionnaire to determine the learning styles of pre-clinical medical students in order to compare the perceived and assessed learning style preferences, assess gender differences in learning style preferences, and determine whether any relationships exists between awareness of learning styles and academic grades, age, gender and learning modality...
October 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975369/blended-learning-is-an-effective-strategy-for-acquiring-competence-in-public-health-biostatistics
#7
Natasa Milic, Srdjan Masic, Vesna Bjegovic-Mikanovic, Goran Trajkovic, Jelena Marinkovic, Jelena Milin-Lazovic, Zoran Bukumiric, Marko Savic, Andja Cirkovic, Milan Gajic, Dejana Stanisavljevic
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether blended learning is an effective strategy for acquiring competence in public health biostatistics. METHODS: The trial was conducted with 69 Masters' students of public health attending the School of Public Health at University of Belgrade. Students were exposed to the traditional and blended learning styles. Blended learning included a combination of face-to-face and distance learning methodologies integrated into a single course...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950855/repeated-testing-improves-achievement-in-a-blended-learning-approach-for-risk-competence-training-of-medical-students-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
C Spreckelsen, J Juenger
BACKGROUND: Adequate estimation and communication of risks is a critical competence of physicians. Due to an evident lack of these competences, effective training addressing risk competence during medical education is needed. Test-enhanced learning has been shown to produce marked effects on achievements. This study aimed to investigate the effect of repeated tests implemented on top of a blended learning program for risk competence. METHODS: We introduced a blended-learning curriculum for risk estimation and risk communication based on a set of operationalized learning objectives, which was integrated into a mandatory course "Evidence-based Medicine" for third-year students...
September 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942097/facilitating-peer-based-learning-through-summative-assessment-an-adaptation-of-the-objective-structured-clinical-assessment-tool-for-the-blended-learning-environment
#9
Lolita Wikander, Stéphane L Bouchoucha
Adapting a course from face to face to blended delivery necessitates that assessments are modified accordingly. In Australia the Objective Structured Clinical Assessment tool, as a derivative from the Objective Structured Clinical Examination, has been used in the face-to-face delivery mode as a formative or summative assessment tool in medicine and nursing since 1990. The Objective Structured Clinical Assessment has been used at Charles Darwin University to assess nursing students' simulated clinical skills prior to the commencement of their clinical placements since 2008...
September 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934641/graph-construction-using-adaptive-local-hybrid-coding-scheme
#10
Fadi Dornaika, Mahdi Tavassoli Kejani, Alireza Bosaghzadeh
It is well known that dense coding with local bases (via Least Square coding schemes) can lead to large quantization errors or poor performances of machine learning tasks. On the other hand, sparse coding focuses on accurate representation without taking into account data locality due to its tendency to ignore the intrinsic structure hidden among the data. Local Hybrid Coding (LHC) (Xiang et al., 2014) was recently proposed as an alternative to the sparse coding scheme that is used in Sparse Representation Classifier (SRC)...
November 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932948/analysis-of-the-performance-emission-and-combustion-characteristics-of-a-turbocharged-diesel-engine-fuelled-with-jatropha-curcas-biodiesel-diesel-blends-using-kernel-based-extreme-learning-machine
#11
Arridina Susan Silitonga, Masjuki Haji Hassan, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Fitranto Kusumo
The purpose of this study is to investigate the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a four-cylinder common-rail turbocharged diesel engine fuelled with Jatropha curcas biodiesel-diesel blends. A kernel-based extreme learning machine (KELM) model is developed in this study using MATLAB software in order to predict the performance, combustion and emission characteristics of the engine. To acquire the data for training and testing the KELM model, the engine speed was selected as the input parameter, whereas the performance, exhaust emissions and combustion characteristics were chosen as the output parameters of the KELM model...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931481/a-phenomenological-study-of-millennial-students-and-traditional-pedagogies
#12
Rebecca Toothaker, Donna Taliaferro
BACKGROUND: The Millennial generation comprises the majority of learners in the traditional university setting. Nurse educators identify problems developing teaching strategies in education that undergraduate Millennial nursing students find engaging and meaningful. The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of Millennial students participating in traditional pedagogies and its significant implications for nursing education. METHOD: This interpretive phenomenological study recorded the lived experiences of Millennial nursing students' experiences in traditional classrooms...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927383/blended-learning-with-moodle-in-medical-statistics-an-assessment-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-relating-to-e-learning
#13
Li Luo, Xiaohua Cheng, Shiyuan Wang, Junxue Zhang, Wenbo Zhu, Jiaying Yang, Pei Liu
BACKGROUND: Blended learning that combines a modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment (Moodle) with face-to-face teaching was applied to a medical statistics course to improve learning outcomes and evaluate the impact factors of students' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) relating to e-learning. METHODS: The same real-name questionnaire was administered before and after the intervention. The summed scores of every part (knowledge, attitude and practice) were calculated using the entropy method...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912113/mobile-augmented-reality-as-a-feature-for-self-oriented-blended-learning-in-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Christoph Noll, Ute von Jan, Ulrike Raap, Urs-Vito Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Advantages of mobile Augmented Reality (mAR) application-based learning versus textbook-based learning were already shown in a previous study. However, it was unclear whether the augmented reality (AR) component was responsible for the success of the self-developed app or whether this was attributable to the novelty of using mobile technology for learning. OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to test the hypothesis whether there is no difference in learning success between learners who employed the mobile AR component and those who learned without it to determine possible effects of mAR...
September 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899434/effective-delivery-of-social-and-behavior-change-communication-through-a-care-group-model-in-a-supplementary-feeding-program
#15
Lauren Wilner, Devika J Suri, Breanne K Langlois, Shelley Marcus Walton, Beatrice Lorge Rogers
BACKGROUND: In 2014, an intervention aimed at increasing the oil in corn soy blend (CSB) porridge prepared by caregivers of children with moderate acute malnutrition was implemented in Southern Malawi. This analysis describes the flow of key messages delivered through the Care Group model during this intervention. METHODS: The intervention provided a supplementary food ration of CSB and oil and used a Care Group model in which healthcare workers were trained to deliver social and behavior change communication (SBCC) to care group volunteers who then delivered messages to caregivers of beneficiary children...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883801/procrastinating-behavior-in-computer-based-learning-environments-to-predict-performance-a-case-study-in-moodle
#16
Rebeca Cerezo, María Esteban, Miguel Sánchez-Santillán, José C Núñez
Introduction: Research about student performance has traditionally considered academic procrastination as a behavior that has negative effects on academic achievement. Although there is much evidence for this in class-based environments, there is a lack of research on Computer-Based Learning Environments (CBLEs). Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate student behavior in a blended learning program and specifically procrastination behavior in relation to performance through Data Mining techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873754/combination-of-mass-spectrometry-based-targeted-lipidomics-and-supervised-machine-learning-algorithms-in-detecting-adulterated-admixtures-of-white-rice
#17
Dong Kyu Lim, Nguyen Phuoc Long, Changyeun Mo, Ziyuan Dong, Lingmei Cui, Giyoung Kim, Sung Won Kwon
The mixing of extraneous ingredients with original products is a common adulteration practice in food and herbal medicines. In particular, authenticity of white rice and its corresponding blended products has become a key issue in food industry. Accordingly, our current study aimed to develop and evaluate a novel discrimination method by combining targeted lipidomics with powerful supervised learning methods, and eventually introduce a platform to verify the authenticity of white rice. A total of 30 cultivars were collected, and 330 representative samples of white rice from Korea and China as well as seven mixing ratios were examined...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859649/the-integration-of-blended-learning-into-an-occupational-therapy-curriculum-a-qualitative-reflection
#18
Paula Barnard-Ashton, Alan Rothberg, Patricia McInerney
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a critical reflection of the integration of Blended Learning (BL) into an undergraduate occupational therapy curriculum which was delivered through Problem Based Learning (PBL). METHOD: This is a qualitative reflection of a Participatory Action Research (PAR) study using Brookfield's model for critical reflection of an educator's practice. The model uses four 'lenses' through which to focus enquiry: Lens 1) our autobiography as a learner of practice; Lens 2) our learners' eyes; Lens 3) our colleagues' experiences; and Lens 4) the theoretical literature...
August 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856902/getting-rid-of-the-blues-formulating-a-risk-index-for-depression-rid-using-structural-equation-modeling
#19
Joanna F Dipnall, Julie A Pasco, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams, Seetal Dodd, Felice N Jacka, Denny Meyer
OBJECTIVE: While risk factors for depression are increasingly known, there is no widely utilised depression risk index. Our objective was to develop a method for a flexible, modular, Risk Index for Depression using structural equation models of key determinants identified from previous published research that blended machine-learning with traditional statistical techniques. METHODS: Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (2009-2010, N = 5546) were utilised...
August 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812265/oxytocin-and-olfaction
#20
Lars-Lennart Oettl, Wolfgang Kelsch
Social signals are identified through processing in sensory systems to trigger appropriate behavioral responses. Social signals are received primarily in most mammals through the olfactory system. Individuals are recognized based on their unique blend of odorants. Such individual recognition is critical to distinguish familiar conspecifics from intruders and to recognize offspring. Social signals can also trigger stereotyped responses like mating behaviors. Specific sensory pathways for individual recognition and eliciting stereotyped responses have been identified both in the early olfactory system and its connected cortices...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
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