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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403224/hstlbo-a-hybrid-algorithm-based-on-harmony-search-and-teaching-learning-based-optimization-for-complex-high-dimensional-optimization-problems
#1
Shouheng Tuo, Longquan Yong, Fang'an Deng, Yanhai Li, Yong Lin, Qiuju Lu
Harmony Search (HS) and Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization (TLBO) as new swarm intelligent optimization algorithms have received much attention in recent years. Both of them have shown outstanding performance for solving NP-Hard optimization problems. However, they also suffer dramatic performance degradation for some complex high-dimensional optimization problems. Through a lot of experiments, we find that the HS and TLBO have strong complementarity each other. The HS has strong global exploration power but low convergence speed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392599/a-call-to-promote-healthcare-justice-a-summary-of-integrated-outpatient-clinics-exemplifying-principles-of-catholic-social-teaching
#2
Nicole P Waters, Trenton Schmale, Allison Goetz, Jason T Eberl, Jessica H Wells
There is an urgent need to promote healthcare justice for patients as well as members of the healthcare team including physicians. In this article, we explain how principles of Catholic social teaching (i.e., dignity of the individual, common good, destination of goods, solidarity, and subsidiarity) are applied to health care, by featuring various types of outpatient clinics including free, charitable-direct primary care, hybrid, federally qualified health center, and rural health clinic. We describe how attempts have been made to improve the quality and access of health care by creating new medical schools (i...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353117/continuous-cough-monitoring-using-ambient-sound-recording-during-convalescence-from-a-copd-exacerbation
#3
Michael G Crooks, Albertus den Brinker, Yvette Hayman, James D Williamson, Andrew Innes, Caroline E Wright, Peter Hill, Alyn H Morice
PURPOSE: Cough is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is associated with frequent exacerbations and increased mortality. Cough increases during acute exacerbations (AE-COPD), representing a possible metric of clinical deterioration. Conventional cough monitors accurately report cough counts over short time periods. We describe a novel monitoring system which we used to record cough continuously for up to 45 days during AE-COPD convalescence. METHODS: This is a longitudinal, observational study of cough monitoring in AE-COPD patients discharged from a single teaching hospital...
March 28, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304001/students-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-anatomy-demonstrations-in-traditional-and-hybrid-undergraduate-medical-education-curricula
#4
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Khalid Ahmed, Ambreen Surti
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique was used and all students were included. The completed questionnaire responses were returned by 92 CMC and 87 HMC students. CMC cohort understood the structural relationship more than HMC (p=0.03). AD helped 50 students (54%) of CMC to get through the theory examination, however 73 (84%) students of HMC found them useful in preparation for theory examinations (p<0...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298730/mapping-the-different-methods-adopted-for-diagnostic-imaging-instruction-at-medical-schools-in-brazil
#5
Rubens Chojniak, Dominique Piacenti Carneiro, Gustavo Simonetto Peres Moterani, Ivone da Silva Duarte, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt, Valdair Francisco Muglia, Giuseppe D'Ippolito
OBJECTIVE: To map the different methods for diagnostic imaging instruction at medical schools in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire was sent to each of the coordinators of 178 Brazilian medical schools. The following characteristics were assessed: teaching model; total course hours; infrastructure; numbers of students and professionals involved; themes addressed; diagnostic imaging modalities covered; and education policies related to diagnostic imaging...
January 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265641/-nuclear-medicine-in-germany-updated-key-data-and-trends-from-official-statistics
#6
Dirk Hellwig, Jörg Marienhagen, Karin Menhart, Jirka Grosse
AIM: Updated presentation of the spectrum of nuclear medicine in-vivo examinations and therapies from officially available statistics on out-patient and in-patient care as well as trends of structural data on nuclear medicine in Germany. METHODS: Data from the German Federal Health Monitoring, from the frequency statistics of the statutory health insurance for out-patients and from the German Medical Association were used and supplemented by data from selective literature searches...
March 7, 2017: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208881/media-matter-the-effect-of-medium-of-presentation-on-student-s-recognition-of-histopathology
#7
Ajay Telang, Nynke De Jong, Jan Van Dalen
INTRODUCTION: Pathology teaching has undergone transformation with the introduction of virtual microscopy as a teaching and learning tool. AIM: To assess if dental students can identify histopathology irrespective of the media of presentation and if the media affect student's oral pathology case based learning scores. The perception of students towards "hybrid" approach in teaching and learning histopathology in oral pathology was also assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A controlled experiment was conduc-ted on year 4 and year 5 dental student groups using a perfor-mance test and a questionnaire survey...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179720/using-team-based-learning-to-teach-a-hybrid-pharmacokinetics-course-online-and-in-class
#8
Ann Snyder Franklin, Susan Markowsky, Justin De Leo, Sven Normann, Erik Black
Objective. To compare the effectiveness of face-to-face and online team-based learning (TBL) to teach phenytoin pharmacokinetics. Design. A TBL format was used to teach an online cohort of 222 pharmacy students and two face-to-face cohorts (Tampa and Las Vegas) of pharmacy students. Students in all cohorts completed individual and team readiness tests (iRATs and tRATs), and a self-assessment survey to determine teamwork and content understanding. Knowledge retention questions also were added to the final examination...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#9
Kathleen T McCoy
Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966784/hybrid-implementation-model-of-community-partnered-early-intervention-for-toddlers-with-autism-a-randomized-trial
#10
Stephanie Y Shire, Ya-Chih Chang, Wendy Shih, Suzanne Bracaglia, Maria Kodjoe, Connie Kasari
BACKGROUND: Interventions found to be effective in research settings are often not as effective when implemented in community settings. Considering children with autism, studies have rarely examined the efficacy of laboratory-tested interventions on child outcomes in community settings using randomized controlled designs. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen children with autism enrolled in public early intervention classrooms in low resource neighborhoods were randomized to Joint Attention, Symbolic Play, Engagement, and Regulation (JASPER) intervention or treatment as usual waitlist for 10 weeks with 1-month follow-up...
May 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942055/students-satisfaction-to-hybrid-problem-based-learning-format-for-basic-life-support-advanced-cardiac-life-support-teaching
#11
Geetanjali Chilkoti, Medha Mohta, Rachna Wadhwa, Ashok Kumar Saxena, Chhavi Sarabpreet Sharma, Neelima Shankar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Students are exposed to basic life support (BLS) and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) training in the first semester in some medical colleges. The aim of this study was to compare students' satisfaction between lecture-based traditional method and hybrid problem-based learning (PBL) in BLS/ACLS teaching to undergraduate medical students. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey among 118 1(st)-year medical students from a university medical college in the city of New Delhi, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895830/development-of-a-subspecialty-cardiology-curriculum-for-paediatric-registrars-in-malawi-implementation-of-a-long-distance-hybrid-model
#12
Laura Newberry, Neil Kennedy, Elizabeth A Greene
BACKGROUND: Malawi has a high burden of paediatric cardiac disease but a limited number of health providers familiar with these chronic diseases. Given the rising number of Malawian postgraduate paediatric trainees at the University of Malawi College of Medicine, we sought to remedy this lack of basic cardiology training with a long-distance, module-based curriculum that could be utilised independently, as needed, with on-site teaching. We also wished to evaluate the initial modules for utility and improvement in knowledge and confidence in each topic...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633553/brown-queer-compositionistas-and-the-reflective-practice-of-automythnography
#13
Shereen Inayatulla
Autoethnographic self-reflection is a strategy for teachers to examine their pedagogies and academic workspaces at large. In the process of moving from teaching composition at an institution in the Midwest to one in Southeast Queens, this author describes significant shifts in how she perceived herself as a Brown queer pedagogue. In order to analyze these shifts in ways that advance her pedagogical praxis, the author evaluates the research tools available to her and offers a hybrid method for reflection, which she calls "vulnerable automythnography...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562346/commentary-integrated-pediatric-primary-care-moving-from-why-to-how
#14
Terry Stancin
Whether to address behavioral health issues in pediatric primary care is no longer debated; instead, we are challenged to determine "how" and who can best deliver services in an effective and sustainable manner. This commentary explores how pediatric psychology can contribute to this discussion by developing and evaluating innovative clinical models (such as a hybrid Collaborative Care/Primary Care Behavioral Health model) and expanding workforce and teaching initiatives.
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506196/prader-willi-syndrome-in-neonates-twenty-cases-and-review-of-the-literature-in-southern-china
#15
Ping Wang, Wei Zhou, Weiming Yuan, Longguang Huang, Ning Zhao, Xiaowen Chen
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome is a rare genetic abnormality that can be challenging to diagnose early, but for which early interventions improve prognosis. METHODS: To improve understanding of Prader-Willi syndrome in neonates in Asia, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 20 affected newborns diagnosed in the Department of Neonatology, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, China from January 2007 to December 2014 and performed a review of the relevant literature...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462949/use-of-contemporary-film-as-a-medium-for-teaching-an-online-death-and-grief-course
#16
Barbara A Head, Lisa C Smith
Online education is becoming commonplace in the academic world. Schools now offer totally online degree programs or provide a hybrid of face-to-face and online courses for fulfilling academic requirements. Developing courses and teaching online requires instructors to rethink the educational paradigms they have relied upon in the past. The Net Generation of learners brings a different set of expectations, styles, and needs to the classroom than those of previous generations; this mandates that instructors redesign courses and use contemporary teaching modalities...
July 2016: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462696/comparative-evaluation-of-perceptions-of-dental-students-to-three-methods-of-teaching-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#17
T A Esan, E O Oziegbe
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization in 1994 recommended that dental education should be problem based, socially and culturally relevant, and community oriented. OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of Pre-phase II (pre-clinical II) dental students on three methods of teaching used during two academic sessions. METHODS: All part IV dental students in two consecutive sessions undergoing pre phase II course in the Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife were recruited into the study...
December 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391181/a-journey-worth-taking-exploring-a-hybrid-embedded-library-instruction-model-through-three-distinct-cases
#18
Shari Clifton, Phill Jo
To facilitate systematic learning and to complement the limitations of conventional one-shot library instruction sessions, a hybrid embedded instruction model was designed and implemented for undergraduate students and residents in three disciplines at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. Variations of hybrid instruction are explored, including models that combine face-to-face interactions, online content delivery, flipped instruction techniques, and individual consultations. The hybrid model highlights benefits of collaborative teaching between course faculty members and librarians and enhances the relevance of library instruction for users...
July 2016: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384465/social-networking-in-nursing-education-integrative-literature-review
#19
Luciana Emi Kakushi, Yolanda Dora Martinez Évora
OBJECTIVE: to identify the use of social networking in nursing education. METHOD: integrative literature review in the databases: LILACS, IBECS, Cochrane, BDENF, SciELO, CINAHL, Scopus, PubMed, CAPES Periodicals Portal and Web of Science, using the descriptors: social networking and nursing education and the keywords: social networking sites and nursing education, carried out in April 2015. RESULTS: of the 489 articles found, only 14 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366120/instructional-methods-used-by-health-sciences-librarians-to-teach-evidence-based-practice-ebp-a-systematic-review
#20
Stephanie M Swanberg, Carolyn Ching Dennison, Alison Farrell, Viola Machel, Christine Marton, Kelly K O'Brien, Virginia Pannabecker, Mindy Thuna, Assako Nitta Holyoke
BACKGROUND: Librarians often teach evidence-based practice (EBP) within health sciences curricula. It is not known what teaching methods are most effective. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted searching CINAHL, EMBASE, ERIC, LISTA, PubMed, Scopus, and others. Searches were completed through December 2014. No limits were applied. Hand searching of Medical Library Association annual meeting abstracts from 2009-2014 was also completed. Studies must be about EBP instruction by a librarian within undergraduate or graduate health sciences curricula and include skills assessment...
July 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
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