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Keiko Yamada, Junhui Yuan, Tomoo Mano, Hiroshi Takashima, Masahiko Shibata
BACKGROUND: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy (HSAN) type II with WNK1/HSN2 gene mutation is a rare disease characterized by early-onset demyelination sensory loss and skin ulceration. To the best of our knowledge, no cases of an autonomic disorder have been reported clearly in a patient with WNK/HSN2 gene mutation and only one case of a Japanese patient with the WNK/HSN2 gene mutation of HSAN type II was previously reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we describe a 54-year-old woman who had an early childhood onset of insensitivity to pain; superficial, vibration, and proprioception sensation disturbances; and several symptoms of autonomic failure (e...
October 21, 2016: BMC Neurology
Kohtaro Watanabe, Hirokazu Takahashi, Saori Sato, Shunsaku Nishiuchi, Fumie Omori, Al Imran Malik, Timothy David Colmer, Yoshiro Mano, Mikio Nakazono
A radial oxygen loss (ROL) barrier in roots of waterlogging-tolerant plants promotes oxygen movement via aerenchyma to the root tip, and impedes soil phytotoxin entry. The molecular mechanism and genetic regulation of ROL barrier formation are largely unknown. Zea nicaraguensis, a waterlogging-tolerant wild relative of maize (Z. mays ssp. mays), forms a tight ROL barrier in its roots when waterlogged. We used Z. nicaraguensis chromosome segment introgression lines (ILs) in maize (inbred line Mi29) to elucidate the chromosomal region involved in regulating root ROL barrier formation...
October 20, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
Sigal Zilcha-Mano
Many therapists regard alliance ruptures as one of the greatest challenges therapists face in the therapy room. Alliance ruptures has been previously defined as breakdowns in the process of negotiation of treatment tasks and goals and a deterioration in the affective bond between patient and therapist. Alliance ruptures have been found to predict premature termination of treatment and poor treatment outcomes. But ruptures can also present important opportunities for gaining insight and awareness and for facilitating therapeutic change...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Erina Kumagai, Yohei Mano, Sachiyo Yoshio, Hirotaka Shoji, Masaya Sugiyama, Masaaki Korenaga, Tsuyoshi Ishida, Taeang Arai, Norio Itokawa, Masanori Atsukawa, Hideyuki Hyogo, Kazuaki Chayama, Tomohiko Ohashi, Kiyoaki Ito, Masashi Yoneda, Takumi Kawaguchi, Takuji Torimura, Yuichi Nozaki, Sumio Watanabe, Masashi Mizokami, Tatsuya Kanto
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common cause of chronic non-viral liver disease. YKL-40, chitinase-like protein expressed in multiple tissues including liver, is involved in cell proliferation, inflammation and remodeling of the extracellular matrix. The aim of this study was to assess whether serum YKL-40 levels are associated with liver fibrosis in NAFLD patients. Serum YKL-40 levels were quantified in 111 NAFLD patients and 23 HCC patients with NAFLD. To identify the source of YKL-40, immunofluorescence staining of liver specimens from NAFLD patients was performed...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
Camila Quartim de Moraes Bruna, Rafael Queiroz de Souza, Irineu Francisco Silva Massaia, Áurea Silveira Cruz, Kazuko Uchikawa Graziano
Objectives: to determine if there are differences on the safety of the preparation of clean surgical instruments using different types of gloves and bare hands and evaluate the microbiological load of these preparations without gloves. Method: laboratory procedure with a pragmatic approach, in which the samples were handled with different types of gloves and bare hands. In addition, cytotoxicity assays were carried out by means of the agar diffusion method. Further samples were subjected to microbiological analysis after being handled without gloves...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Olga Pollatos, Beate M Herbert, Götz Berberich, Michael Zaudig, Till Krauseneck, Manos Tsakiris
Background: Interoceptive abilities are known to be affected in anorexia nervosa (AN). Previous studies could show that private self-focus can enhance interoceptive accuracy (IAcc) in healthy participants. As body dissatisfaction is high in AN, confrontation with bodily features such as the own face might have a directly opposed effect in AN. Whether patients with AN can benefit from self-focus in their IAcc and whether this pattern changes over the time-course of cognitive behavioral therapy was investigated in this study...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Takashi Ando, Yoji Goto, Kazuo Mano, Akihiko Ueda, Yukio Ando, Ikuko Mizuta, Toshiki Mizuno
A 37-year-old man was hospitalized for an evaluation of acute bilateral multiple subcortical infarcts. There were no specific signal abnormalities in the temporal pole or external capsule. An abdominal skin biopsy showed granular, electron-dense, osmiophilic material (GOM) in the smooth muscle cells on electron microscopy. A direct sequencing analysis of NOTCH3 revealed a heterozygous c.986G>A substitution in exon 6, resulting in a Cys329Tyr amino acid replacement. According to these findings, the patient was diagnosed with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencehalopathy (CADASIL)...
2016: Internal Medicine
Franziska Henrich, Daniela Fell, Dorota Truszkowska, Marcel Weirich, Manos Anyfantakis, Thi-Huong Nguyen, Manfred Wagner, Günter K Auernhammer, Hans-Jürgen Butt
In this work we show that the forced dynamic dewetting of surfactant solutions depends sensitively on the surfactant concentration. To measure this effect, a hydrophobic rotating cylinder was horizontally half immersed in aqueous surfactant solutions. Dynamic contact angles were measured optically by extrapolating the contour of the meniscus to the contact line. Anionic (sodium 1-decanesulfonate, S-1DeS), cationic (cetyl trimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) and nonionic surfactants (C4E1, C8E3 and C12E5) with critical micelle concentrations (CMCs) spanning four orders of magnitude were used...
September 20, 2016: Soft Matter
Roy Mano, Maria F Becerra, Brett S Carver, George J Bosl, Robert J Motzer, Dean F Bajorin, Darren R Feldman, Joel Sheinfeld
PURPOSE: Fibrosis accounts for approximately 50% of histological findings at post-chemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND), and is associated with reported relapse rates of 10%-15%. We aimed to characterize patients with fibrosis at PC-RPLND, and identify predictors of adverse outcome within this group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of men who underwent PC-RPLND between 1989-2013 with histological findings of necrosis/fibrosis...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Urology
Jun'ichi Mano, Asami Ishibashi, Hitoshi Muneuchi, Chihiro Morita, Hiroki Sakai, Md Sanaullah Biswas, Takao Koeduka, Sakihito Kitajima
Acrolein is a lipid-derived highly reactive aldehyde, mediating oxidative signal and damage in plants. We found acrolein-scavenging glutathione transferase activity in plants and purified a low K M isozyme from spinach. Various environmental stressors on plants cause the generation of acrolein, a highly toxic aldehyde produced from lipid peroxides, via the promotion of the formation of reactive oxygen species, which oxidize membrane lipids. In mammals, acrolein is scavenged by glutathione transferase (GST; EC 2...
October 7, 2016: Planta
Wenjing Su, Benjamin S Cook, Yunnan Fang, Manos M Tentzeris
As the needs for low-cost rapidly-produced microfluidics are growing with the trend of Lab-on-a-Chip and distributed healthcare, the fully inkjet-printing of microfluidics can be a solution to it with numerous potential electrical and sensing applications. Inkjet-printing is an additive manufacturing technique featuring no material waste and a low equipment cost. Moreover, similar to other additive manufacturing techniques, inkjet-printing is easy to learn and has a high fabrication speed, while it offers generally a great planar resolution down to below 20 µm and enables flexible designs due to its inherent thin film deposition capabilities...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Emilio Salazar-Gatzimas, Juyue Chen, Matthew S Creamer, Omer Mano, Holly B Mandel, Catherine A Matulis, Joseph Pottackal, Damon A Clark
Animals estimate visual motion by integrating light intensity information over time and space. The integration requires nonlinear processing, which makes motion estimation circuitry sensitive to specific spatiotemporal correlations that signify visual motion. Classical models of motion estimation weight these correlations to produce direction-selective signals. However, the correlational algorithms they describe have not been directly measured in elementary motion-detecting neurons (EMDs). Here, we employed stimuli to directly measure responses to pairwise correlations in Drosophila's EMD neurons, T4 and T5...
October 5, 2016: Neuron
H Zhao, J Shen, D Djukovic, C Daniel-MacDougall, H Gu, X Wu, W-H Chow
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a metabolic disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms linking metabolic profiles and weight gain are largely unknown. METHODS: Here, we used semi-targeted metabolomics to assay 156 metabolites selected from 25 key metabolic pathways in plasma samples from 300 non-smoking healthy women identified from Mano-A-Mano, the Mexican American Cohort study. The study subjects were randomly divided into two cohorts: training (N = 200) and testing (N = 100) cohorts...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
Sotirios Karavoltsos, Fotios Fotiadis, Panagiotis Michopoulos, Aikaterini Sakellari, Marta Plavšić, Athanassios Bourletsikas, Kostas Kaoukis, Nikolaos S Thomaidis, Manos Dassenakis, Michael Scoullos
The complexing capacity for Cu ions (LT) and the apparent stability constant values (logKapp) were measured in throughfall (TF) and open field bulk deposition (BD), at two Mediterranean forest ecosystems of western Greece. LT was measured for the first time in the TF of natural forests. Concentrations of LT were three-to-four-fold higher in TF (mean ± 2014 ± 769 nM for Varetada and 1565 ± 595 nM for Karpenissi) compared to those in BD (531 ± 517 nM and 468 ± 321 nM, respectively)...
October 2, 2016: Chemosphere
Pauline Wanjugi, Mano Sivaganesan, Asja Korajkic, Catherine A Kelty, Brian McMinn, Robert Ulrich, Valerie J Harwood, Orin C Shanks
Understanding the decomposition of microorganisms associated with different human fecal pollution types is necessary for proper implementation of many water quality management practices, as well as predicting associated public health risks. Here, the decomposition of select cultivated and molecular indicators of fecal pollution originating from fresh human feces, septage, and primary effluent sewage in a subtropical marine environment was assessed over a six day period with an emphasis on the influence of ambient sunlight and indigenous microbiota...
November 15, 2016: Water Research
Naohisa Wada, Frederic J Pollock, Bette L Willis, Tracy Ainsworth, Nobuhiro Mano, David G Bourne
In situ visualization of microbial communities within their natural habitats provides a powerful approach to explore complex interactions between microorganisms and their macroscopic hosts. Specifically, the application of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to simultaneously identify and visualize diverse microbial taxa associated with coral hosts, including symbiotic algae (Symbiodinium), Bacteria, Archaea, Fungi and protists, could help untangle the structure and function of these diverse taxa within the coral holobiont...
2016: PeerJ
Benjarat Phattanawiboon, Narissara Jariyapan, Chonlada Mano, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Atchara Paemanee, Sriwatapron Sor-Suwan, Patchara Sriwichai, Atiporn Saeung, Paul A Bates
Understanding changes in mosquito salivary proteins during the time that sporozoite maturation occurs and after blood feeding may give information regarding the roles of salivary proteins during the malarial transmission. Anopheles dissidens (formerly Anopheles barbirostris species A1) is a potential vector of Plasmodium vivax in Thailand. In this study, analyses of the proteomic profiles of female An. dissidens salivary glands during adult development and after blood feeding were carried out using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with nano-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry...
2016: PloS One
Xuan Yang, Luke T Roling, Madeline Vara, Ahmed O Elnabawy, Ming Zhao, Zachary D Hood, Shixiong Bao, Manos Mavrikakis, Younan Xia
Engineering the elemental composition of metal nanocrystals offers an effective strategy for the development of catalysts or electrocatalysts with greatly enhanced activity. Herein, we report the synthesis of Pt-Ag alloy nanocages with an outer edge length of 18 nm and a wall thickness of about 3 nm. Such nanocages with a composition of Pt19Ag81 could be readily prepared in one step through the galvanic replacement reaction between Ag nanocubes and a Pt(II) precursor. After 10 000 cycles of potential cycling in the range of 0...
October 12, 2016: Nano Letters
Matheus A P Cipriano, Manoeli Lupatini, Lucilene Lopes-Santos, Márcio J da Silva, Luiz F W Roesh, Suzete A L Destéfano, Sueli S Freitas, Eiko E Kuramae
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are well described and recommended for several crops worldwide. However, one of the most common problems in PGPR research is the difficulty in obtaining reproducible results. Furthermore, few studies have evaluated plant growth promotion and soil microbial community composition due to bacterial inoculation under field conditions. Here we evaluated the effect of 54 Pseudomonas strains on lettuce (Lactuca sativa) growth. The 12 most promising strains were phylogenetically and physiologically characterized for plant growth-promoting traits including phosphate solubilization, hormone production and antagonism to pathogen compounds and their effect on plant growth under farm field conditions...
September 21, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Ana Rita C Duarte, Devid Maniglio, Nuno Sousa, João F Mano, Rui L Reis, Claudio Migliaresi
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the preparation of ordered patterned surfaces and/or microspheres from a natural-based polymer, using the breath figure and reverse breath figure methods. METHODS: Poly(D,L-lactic acid) and starch poly(lactic acid) solutions were precipitated in different conditions - namely, polymer concentration, vapor atmosphere temperature and substrate - to evaluate the effect of these conditions on the morphology of the precipitates obtained...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
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