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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225773/whole-genome-duplication-and-molecular-evolution-in-cornus-l-cornaceae-insights-from-transcriptome-sequences
#1
Yan Yu, Qiuyun Xiang, Paul S Manos, Douglas E Soltis, Pamela S Soltis, Bao-Hua Song, Shifeng Cheng, Xin Liu, Gane Wong
The pattern and rate of genome evolution have profound consequences in organismal evolution. Whole-genome duplication (WGD), or polyploidy, has been recognized as an important evolutionary mechanism of plant diversification. However, in non-model plants the molecular signals of genome duplications have remained largely unexplored. High-throughput transcriptome data from next-generation sequencing have set the stage for novel investigations of genome evolution using new bioinformatic and methodological tools in a phylogenetic framework...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212526/can-you-feel-the-body-that-you-see-on-the-relationship-between-interoceptive-accuracy-and-body-image
#2
Giorgia Zamariola, Flavia Cardini, Emanuel Mian, Andrea Serino, Manos Tsakiris
Interoception and exteroception for body signals are two different ways of perceiving the self: the first from within, the second from outside. We investigated the relationship between Interoceptive Accuracy (IAcc) and external perception of the body and we tested if seeing the body from an external perspective can affect IAcc. Fifty-two healthy female subjects performed a standard heartbeat perception task to assess the IAcc, before and after the Body Image Revealer (BIR), which is a body perception task designed to assess the different aspects of body-image...
February 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197769/confounding-effects-of-microbiome-on-the-susceptibility-of-tnfsf15-to-crohn-s-disease-in-the-ryukyu-islands
#3
Shigeki Nakagome, Hiroshi Chinen, Atsushi Iraha, Akira Hokama, Yasuaki Takeyama, Shotaro Sakisaka, Toshiyuki Matsui, Judith R Kidd, Kenneth K Kidd, Heba S Said, Wataru Suda, Hidetoshi Morita, Masahira Hattori, Tsunehiko Hanihara, Ryosuke Kimura, Hajime Ishida, Jiro Fujita, Fukunori Kinjo, Shuhei Mano, Hiroki Oota
Crohn's disease (CD) involves chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract due to dysregulation of the host immune response to the gut microbiome. Even though the host-microbiome interactions are likely contributors to the development of CD, a few studies have detected genetic variants that change bacterial compositions and increase CD risk. We focus on one of the well-replicated susceptible genes, tumor necrosis factor superfamily member 15 (TNFSF15), and apply statistical analyses for personal profiles of genotypes and salivary microbiota collected from CD cases and controls in the Ryukyu Islands, southernmost islands of the Japanese archipelago...
February 14, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194077/two-cases-of-nk-t-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#4
Rajat Thawani, Shishir Seth, Kuldeep Singh, Jayanta Patowary, Mano Bhadauria, Pratap Kishore Das
T/NK cell lymphoma is a rare subtype of lymphoma that is known to be of aggressive nature. We present two cases of this disease that originally presented with symptoms consistent with chronic rhinosinusitis. We outline how we managed the diseases and review literature on it.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191262/maternal-intake-of-methyl-group-donors-affects-dna-methylation-of-metabolic-genes-in-infants
#5
Sara Pauwels, Manosij Ghosh, Radu Corneliu Duca, Bram Bekaert, Kathleen Freson, Inge Huybrechts, Sabine A S Langie, Gudrun Koppen, Roland Devlieger, Lode Godderis
BACKGROUND: Maternal nutrition during pregnancy and infant nutrition in the early postnatal period (lactation) are critically involved in the development and health of the newborn infant. The Maternal Nutrition and Offspring's Epigenome (MANOE) study was set up to assess the effect of maternal methyl-group donor intake (choline, betaine, folate, methionine) on infant DNA methylation. Maternal intake of dietary methyl-group donors was assessed using a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179159/in-vivo-osteogenic-differentiation-of-stem-cells-inside-compartmentalized-capsules-loaded-with-co-cultured-endothelial-cells
#6
Clara R Correia, Tírcia C Santos, Rogério P Pirraco, Mariana T Cerqueira, Alexandra P Marques, Rui L Reis, João F Mano
: Capsules coated with polyelectrolytes and co-encapsulating adipose stem (ASCs) and endothelial (ECs) cells with surface modified microparticles are developed. Microparticles and cells are freely dispersed in a liquified core, responsible to maximize the diffusion of essential molecules and allowing the geometrical freedom for the autonomous three-dimensional (3D) organization of cells. While the membrane wraps all the instructive cargo elements within a single structure, the microparticles provide a solid 3D substrate for the encapsulated cells...
February 4, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174388/-a-case-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-high-everolimus-blood-concentrations-and-hyperglycemia-due-to-everolimus-induced-hepatic-dysfunction
#7
Shinya Takasaki, Masafumi Kikuchi, Yoshihide Kawasaki, Akihiro Ito, Yoichi Arai, Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Nariyasu Mano
We report the case of a patient who had renal cell carcinoma with high everolimus blood concentrations and hyperglycemia due to everolimus-induced hepatic dysfunction. A 74-year-old man who underwent right nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma was administered everolimus for multiple lung metastases. Everolimus caused grade 3 hepatic dysfunction and hyperglycemia; hence, high blood levels of everolimus were observed. Although the patient was re-administrated everolimus after recovering from hepatic dysfunction, hepatic function test values worsened again...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162323/-519-the-effect-of-prior-experience-with-cold-pain-on-pain-tolerance-in-the-cold-pressor-task-the-mediating-effect-of-situational-catastrophizing
#8
R Gibler, E Beckmann, C King, K Jastrowski Mano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162313/-510-sleep-disturbance-social-emotional-functioning-and-chronic-pain-among-emerging-adults-with-and-without-a-history-of-pain-in-childhood
#9
R Gibler, S Sollanek, K Jastrowski Mano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149243/statistical-and-clinical-analysis-of-alterations-in-glucose-values-after-burns
#10
M K Belba, E Petrela, A Belba, V Mano, G Belba
The purpose of this study was to evaluate independent factors (mainly critical hyperglycaemic values on admission) with an impact on outcome in burn patients (sepsis and mortality) and analyse prevalence of critical hyperglycaemia on admission and during burn disease in adult and elderly patients with severe burns. This was an observational retrospective cohort study involving burn patients (≥ 20 years old) hospitalized in the ICU of the Burn Facility in Albania during 2010-2014. Patients were categorized as having euglycaemia, moderate or critical hyperglycaemia...
September 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145037/ureteric-stent-dwelling-time-a-risk-factor-for-post-ureteroscopy-sepsis
#11
Amihay Nevo, Roy Mano, Jack Baniel, David A Lifshitz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between stent dwelling time and sepsis after ureteroscopy, and identify risk factors for sepsis in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The prospectively collected database of a single institution was queried for all patients who underwent ureteroscopy for stone extraction between 2010 and 2016. Demographic, clinical, preoperative and operative data were collected. The primary study endpoint was sepsis within 48 h of ureteroscopy...
February 1, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143610/severe-toxicity-induced-by-accumulation-of-active-sunitinib-metabolite-in-a-japanese-patient-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#12
Shinya Takasaki, Masafumi Kikuchi, Yoshihide Kawasaki, Akihiro Ito, Yoichi Arai, Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Nariyasu Mano
BACKGROUND: Sunitinib is a multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is approved for treatment of renal cell carcinoma as an oral anticancer drug. Therapeutic drug monitoring of total sunitinib (sunitinib and N-desethyl sunitinib) is used in our hospital to improve therapeutic efficacy, while preventing adverse effects. Here, we report the first case of a patient with metastatic renal cell carcinoma undergoing hemodialysis and presenting severe adverse events induced by the accumulation of N-desethyl sunitinib...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133281/-a-case-of-gist-of-the-stomach-with-long-term-survival-after-multidisciplinary-treatment-including-four-surgical-resections-of-liver-metastases
#13
Masatoshi Kitakaze, Motohiro Hirao, Atsushi Miyamoto, Takuya Hamakawa, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Sakae Maeda, Mamoru Uemura, Masakazu Miyake, Naoki Hama, Michihiko Miyazaki, Masataka Ikeda, Shoji Nakamori, Hiroki Kiyokawa, Masayuki Mano, Mitsugu Sekimoto
The most frequent relapse site of gastrointestinal stromal tumors(GIST)is the liver. We encountered a patient with longterm survival treated with multidisciplinary treatment, including4 hepatectomies for liver metastases. The patient was a woman aged 69 years at the time of the first medical treatment. She underwent total gastrectomy and S6 segmental hepatec- tomy for a stomach GIST with a hepatic metastasis. The tumor diameter was 24 cm and the mitotic figure was 65/50 HPF. According to the guidelines, it was diagnosed as a high risk GIST based on strong positive immunostaining for CD34 and c-kit...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133262/-a-case-of-recurrent-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-responding-to-trastuzumab
#14
Yuta Kobayashi, Motohiro Hirao, Kazuyoshi Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Nishikawa, Sakae Maeda, Mamoru Uemura, Masakazu Miyake, Naoki Hama, Atsushi Miyamoto, Michihiko Miyazaki, Masataka Ikeda, Shoji Nakamori, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Kiyoshi Mori, Masayuki Mano
We report a case of recurrent esophagogastric junction cancer successfully treated with chemotherapy including trastuzumab. A 66-year-old man reporting black stool was examined, and through upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found to have a tumor at the esophagogastric junction. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery of the esophagus with 3-field lymph node dissection was performed. The final diagnosis was adenocarcinoma(tub1-pap-muc), pT3N3M0, pStage III C. The tumor was at the squamo-columnar junction and classified as Siewert type II ...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133213/-a-case-of-recurrent-breast-cancer-with-adrenal-metastasis-resected-using-laparoscopic-surgery
#15
Hirotomo Murakami, Yoko Ohtani, Tatsuya Kinoshita, Kiyo Tanaka, Hiroyuki Yasojima, Makiko Mizutani, Shoji Nakamori, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Kiyoshi Mori, Masayuki Mano, Norikazu Masuda
We report a case of recurrent breast cancer with involvement of the right adrenal grand, which was resected using laparoscopic surgery. The patient was a 41-year-old woman who underwent duct-lobular segmentectomy for ductal carcinoma in situ. Histopathology showed microinvasion, and tested positive for ER and PR, but negative for HER2, so we applied radiation to the remaining breast and administered tamoxifen. After 9 months, local recurrence was detected and quadrantectomy with axillary lymph node dissection was performed...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132770/clinical-implications-of-stent-culture-in-patients-with-indwelling-ureteral-stents-prior-to-ureteroscopy
#16
Amihay Nevo, Roy Mano, Eran Schreter, David A Lifshitz
PURPOSE: To determine the ability of urine culture (UC) to predict stent culture (SC) status and associated infectious pathogens, and evaluate the association between SC and post-ureteroscopy sepsis. METHODS: We queried our institutions prospectively collected database and identified all patients undergoing ureteroscopy between October 2010 and August 2016 who had a ureteral stent before the operation, and from whom UC and SC were obtained. The study endpoint was post-ureteroscopy sepsis within 48 hours of the procedure...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128822/flexible-method-for-fabricating-protein-patterns-on-superhydrophobic-platforms-controlled-by-magnetic-field
#17
Jian Wang, Hao Li, Haoyang Zou, Chenmiao Wang, Hao Zhang, João F Mano, Wenlong Song
Inspired by the rolling of water droplets on lotus leaves, we developed a novel, magnetic field-controlled patterning method for water-soluble proteins and other functional materials on superhydrophobic platforms. This simple method can be used to fabricate biochips and open micro-fluidic devices in a simple way.
January 27, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128374/the-influence-of-surface-modified-poly-l-lactic-acid-films-on-the-differentiation-of-human-monocytes-into-macrophages
#18
Clara R Correia, Joana Gaifem, Mariana B Oliveira, Ricardo Silvestre, João F Mano
Macrophages play a crucial role in the biological performance of biomaterials, as key factors in defining the optimal inflammation-healing balance towards tissue regeneration and implant integration. Here, we investigate how different surface modifications performed on poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) films would influence the differentiation of human monocytes into macrophages. We tested PLLA films without modification, surface-modified by plasma treatment (pPLLA) or by combining plasma treatment with different coating materials, namely poly(l-lysine) and a series of proteins from the extracellular matrix: collagen I, fibronectin, vitronectin, laminin and albumin...
January 27, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126597/tuning-cell-adhesive-properties-via-layer-by-layer-assembly-of-chitosan-and-alginate
#19
Joana M Silva, José R García, Rui L Reis, Andrés J García, João F Mano
: Understanding the mechanisms controlling cell-multilayer film interactions is crucial to the successful engineering of these coatings for biotechnological and biomedical applications. Herein, we present a strategy to tune the cell adhesive properties of multilayers based on marine polysaccharides with and without cross-linking and/or coating with extracellular matrix proteins. Chemical cross-linking of multilayers improved mechanical properties of the coatings but also elicited changes in surface chemistry that alter the adhesion of human umbilical vein endothelial cells...
January 23, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120534/sulforaphane-suppresses-cell-growth-and-collagen-expression-of-keloid-fibroblasts
#20
Ayako Kawarazaki, Mano Horinaka, Shusuke Yasuda, Toshiaki Numajiri, Kenichi Nishino, Toshiyuki Sakai
Keloids are fibroproliferative diseases characterized by the accumulation of an extracellular matrix including collagen. Various growth factors, or cytokines, and their receptors are overexpressed in keloids, and they are expected to be therapy targets. Sulforaphane, a dietary isothiocyanate, has recently shown anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fibrotic properties. In this study, we found that sulforaphane inhibited cell growth and reduced collagen at the mRNA and protein levels in keloid fibroblasts...
January 24, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
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