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Lorenzo Traversetti, Floriano Del Grosso, Valentina Malafoglia, Marco Colasanti, Simona Ceschin, Stefano Larsen, Massimiliano Scalici
The regenerative ability of Hydra vulgaris was tested as potential biomarker for the development of a new eco-toxicological index. The test is based on the regeneration rate and the aberration frequency of the columna (body and adhesive foot) after separation from head and tentacles by a bistoury. Particularly, 45 columnae were submerged in the rearing solution (that is Hydra medium) to have control, and 285 in potential contaminated waters to have treatments, collected from 19 sites along 10 rivers in central Italy...
December 19, 2016: Ecotoxicology
Davide Seveso, Simone Montano, Melissa Amanda Ljubica Reggente, Davide Maggioni, Ivan Orlandi, Paolo Galli, Marina Vai
Black band disease (BBD) is a widespread coral pathology caused by a microbial consortium dominated by cyanobacteria, which is significantly contributing to the loss of coral cover and diversity worldwide. Since the effects of the BBD pathogens on the physiology and cellular stress response of coral polyps appear almost unknown, the expression of some molecular biomarkers, such as Hsp70, Hsp60, HO-1, and MnSOD, was analyzed in the apparently healthy tissues of Goniopora columna located at different distances from the infection and during two disease development stages...
December 17, 2016: Cell Stress & Chaperones
(no author information available yet)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a 3D spinal deformity in frontal, sagittal and axial planes, with high relevance in the pediatric population especially in adolescents and females between 10 years of age and the end of growth spurt and skeletal maturity. The radiographic manifestation is a curve greater than 10° measured by Cobb method associated with vertebral rotation. "Idiopathic" diagnosis has to be done after neuroanatomical anomalies of the posterior cerebral fosa and spinal canal have been ruled out...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Luis Columna, Luz Amelia Hoyos-Cuartas, John T Foley, Jose Rafael Prado-Perez, Dana Milena Chavarro-Bermeo, Ana Lorena Mora, Maria Antonieta Ozols-Rosales, Luis Álvarez-Del Cid, Ivana Rivero
PURPOSE: To analyze Latin American physical education (PE) teachers' intentions toward teaching students with disabilities. PARTICIPANTS: 474 in-service PE teachers from 5 different Latin American countries. METHOD: Descriptive survey. Data were collected using a modified version of the Physical Educators' Intention Toward Teaching Individuals With Disabilities Survey. Multiple-regression analysis showed significant differences in the attitudes of teachers by gender, the number of adapted-PE courses taken, and years of experience working with individuals with disabilities...
July 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Yuiki Takahashi, Masaki Yoshida, Isao Inouye, Makoto M Watanabe
A novel Diplophrys-like organism, Fibrophrys columna, was isolated from Hiuchigaike Pond in Japan. F. columna showed a nearly orbicular or broadly elliptical cell shape and has fine filamentous, branching ectoplasmic elements emanating from both polar ends of the cell. Cells also contain orange, amber, or colorless lipid bodies. Although its whole cell morphology resembles that of the genus Diplophrys, Fibrophrys is clearly distinct from Diplophrys on the basis of 18S rDNA sequences. Molecular phylogenetic analysis showed a close relationship of F...
October 2016: European Journal of Protistology
Huda M Mahmoud, Aisha A Kalendar
Marine Actinobacteria, particularly coral-associated Actinobacteria, have attracted attention recently. In this study, the abundance and diversity of Actinobacteria associated with three types of coral thriving in a thermally stressed coral reef system north of the Arabian Gulf were investigated. Coscinaraea columna, Platygyra daedalea and Porites harrisoni have been found to harbor equivalent numbers of culturable Actinobacteria in their tissues but not in their mucus. However, different culturable actinobacterial communities have been found to be associated with different coral hosts...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Genki Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Miura, Shigeaki Kojima
A new vestimentiferan tubeworm species of the genus Lamellibrachia Webb, 1969 is described. It was collected from cold seep areas off Hatsushima in Sagami Bay and at the Daini Tenryu Knoll in the Nankai Trough (606-1170 m depth). Lamellibrachia sagami sp. nov. differs from seven congeneric species in the following character states; showing a wider range of diameter of vestimental and trunk plaques than L. barhami, L. luymesi, L. satsuma and L. anaximandri; and having more numerous sheath lamellae (3-6 pairs) than L...
2015: Zootaxa
Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Rita de Cássia Rodrigues Rosa, Rui Sergio Monteiro de Barros, Nara Macedo Botelho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether there is any preference for citing journals from other countries to the detriment of Brazilian journals, in three Brazilian orthopedics journals. METHODS: All the references of articles published in 2011 by the journals Acta Ortopédica Brasileira, Coluna/Columna and Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia were evaluated to as certain how many of these came from Brazilian journals and how many from foreign journals. RESULTS: 3813 references distributed among 187 articles were analyzed...
November 2014: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
C J Jacob, I M Cardoso, J L J Batista, T C Maia, B Roncaglio
INTRODUCTION: The morphology of the spine is variable within a population, and its maintenance in appropriate values implies a decrease in the energy expended. We need to know their normal values in population. This study aims to carry out a literature review and evaluate published papers on spinopelvic parameters in a Brazilian population sample. METHODS AND POPULATION: Eleven potentially eligible papers were initially identified for inclusion in this review: three papers from PubMed and eight from Medicine...
July 2015: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Fatih Akin, Serhat Aygun, Niyaziv Gormus, Yeter Duzenli Kar, Hanife Tugce Susam, Ahmet Ozel
May-Thurner syndrome is the result of compression of the left common iliac vein between the right common iliac artery and the overlying vertebrae. In this case report, we describe an 11-year-old boy presenting with swelling of the left lower extremity. An iliac MR venography showed compression of the left proximal iliac vein between the vertebra and the left iliac artery. In surgery, it was seen that the left common iliac vein was connected to the postero-inferior part of the inferior vena cava, and it was compressed between the right common iliac artery and the columna vertebralis, which was inconsistent with the radiological findings...
March 23, 2015: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Harilaos Damianakos, Malgorzata Jeziorek, Agnieszka Pietrosiuk, Ioanna Chinou
Four Greek endemic Boraginaceae plants, Onosma erecta Sibth. & Sm., Onosma kaheirei Teppner, Onosma leptantha Heldr., and Cynoglossum columnae L. (aerial parts), were screened for their content of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). TLC with the Mattocks-Molyneux visualization reagent was used as a preliminary qualitative test for PA or PA N-oxide detection. The extracts of the species found to contain PAs and their N-oxides were further analyzed by GC/MS, so as to identify their structures by means of the mass spectra and retention index values of known PAs already published in the literature...
September 2014: Journal of AOAC International
Paola Katrina G Ching, Vikki Carr de los Reyes, Maria Nemia Sucaldito, Enrique Tayag, Alah Baby Columna-Vingno, Fedelino F Malbas, Gilbert C Bolo, James J Sejvar, Debbie Eagles, Geoffrey Playford, Erica Dueger, Yoshihiro Kaku, Shigeru Morikawa, Makoto Kuroda, Glenn A Marsh, Sam McCullough, A Ruth Foxwell
During 2014, henipavirus infection caused severe illness among humans and horses in southern Philippines; fatality rates among humans were high. Horse-to-human and human-to-human transmission occurred. The most likely source of horse infection was fruit bats. Ongoing surveillance is needed for rapid diagnosis, risk factor investigation, control measure implementation, and further virus characterization.
February 2015: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Roland Knudsen, Per Gundtoft
A 51-year-old male drove into a ditch on his scooter. Immediately after the trauma the patient complained of neck pain and decreased ability to feel and move his extremities. An initial trauma computed tomography (CT) of the columna showed normal conditions. Because the patient had neurological deficiencies, magnetic resonance imaging of the columna was performed 12 days later, and a disc prolapse at the C3/C4 level with spinal cord compression was visible. Despite decompression the patient did not recover...
December 15, 2014: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Luis Columna, Margarita Fernández-Vivó, Lauren Lieberman, Katrina Arndt
BACKGROUND: Nationwide research indicates that children with visual impairment have limited participation in recreational and sport activities than their peers. This is due in part to the lack of recreational opportunities and facilities, as well as a lack of awareness by parents of how and where their children can participate. The purpose of the current study was to explore the experiences of Latino families of children with visual impairments living in Guatemala regarding physical recreation...
August 2015: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Xiaofeng Shi, Peng Tian, Rongcheng Lin, Wenlu Lan, Wentao Niu, Xinqing Zheng
To date, no complete nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial genome of Dendrophylliidae are yet available. In our study, the entire mitochondrial nucleotide sequence was determined for the Dendrophylliidae species Turbinaria peltata. The sequence was 18,966 bp in length and contained thirteen protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes (12S rRNA and 16S rRNA), two transfer RNA genes (tRNA(Met) and tRNA(Trp)) and a putative control region locating between Cyt b and ND2. The overall base composition of the mitogenome was 25...
2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Desdicioglu Kadir, Sulak Osman, Malas Mehmet Ali
It was aimed that the morphometric development of the hyoid bone throughout the fetal period be anatomically researched and its clinical importance be evaluated. A total of 90 human fetuses (44 male, 46 female) whose ages varied between 18 and 40 gestational weeks and without an external pathology or anomaly were involved in the study. The fetuses were divided into groups according to gestational weeks and trimesters. In the wake of making the general external measurements of fetuses, the neck dissection was performed...
January 2015: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Jan Tuma
The focal renal lesions are altogether common. Most frequently are found Columna Bertini hypertrophies (so called pseudotumors) and simple renal cysts. The role of sonography in the practice is to distinguish pseudotumors from real renal tumors, and simple renal cysts from complex cysts. The differentiation of complex renal cysts is possible with the help of the CEUS (= contrast enhanced ultrasound) and other imaging modalities such as CT or MRI. In these cases, the CEUS imaging agent has clear advantages over CT and MRI, because it is composed of gas bubbles, which are only slightly smaller than red blood cells and remains exclusively intravascularly while the CT and MRI contrast agents diffuse into the interstitial space without any real perfusion...
June 5, 2013: Praxis
Karin Hansson, Henrik Gutte, Fadi Idris
Metastases to the spinal cord from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are uncommon, but important to have in mind when patients with a history of GBM present with symptoms that do not correlate with the primary disease pattern. We report a rare case, where a male with GBM, six months after tumour excision followed by concomitant radio- and chemotherapy, presented with gait disturbance and unspecific neurological symptoms of the lower right limb. Magnetic resonance imaging of columna totalis revealed both intra- and extramedullary metastases in the spinal cord...
April 15, 2013: Ugeskrift for Laeger
John Karstensen, Dennis Raahave, Preben Kirkegaard
A 33 year-old female presented with constipation and a right-sided palpable abdominal mass, suspected to be the colon. The colonic transit time was prolonged, but the dilated organ was a mega duodenum that had developed after surgery for three jejunal atresies performed one day after birth. The colon was malrotated, being situated to the left of the columna. Renewed resection surgery was uneventful, and after such surgery the constipation receded and the colonic transit time returned to normal.
June 20, 2011: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Nanna Hylleholt Sillesen, Lisa Toft Nielsen, Christian Bonde
Up to 3% of adults walk in their sleep and some perform complex behaviours. Treatment recommendations for sleepwalking are inconsistent. This case report describes a 64-year-old man who climbed out of a 2nd floor toilet window during somnambulism. He fell 6-8 meters and fractured the tibia, fibula, cervical columna, lumbal columna, calcaneus, costae and suffered a pneumothorax. Evidence to support sleepwalking treatment is lacking and besides benzodiazepines, prevention is the preferred treatment choice according to the literature...
December 13, 2010: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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