Read by QxMD icon Read


Alphonse Garcia
Small viral proteins with cationic domains can be involved in multiple biological processes including cell penetration or interaction with intracellular targets. Within the last two decades several reports indicated that the C-terminus of HIV-1 Vpr is a cell penetrating sequence, a PP2A-dependent death domain and also displays toxicity against Gram-negative E. coli. Interestingly, HIV-1 Vpr, as well as some cationic proteins encoded by different viruses, share similar physical properties with the unique anti-microbial human cathelicidin LL37 peptide...
April 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Chi-Chien Kuo, Yi-Fu Lin, Cheng-Te Yao, Han-Chun Shih, Lo-Hsuan Chung, Hsien-Chun Liao, Yu-Cheng Hsu, Hsi-Chieh Wang
BACKGROUND: A variety of human diseases transmitted by arthropod vectors, including ticks, are emerging around the globe. Birds are known to be hosts of ticks and can disperse exotic ticks and tick-borne pathogens. In Taiwan, previous studies have focused predominantly on mammals, leaving the role of birds in the maintenance of ticks and dissemination of tick-borne pathogens undetermined. METHODS: Ticks were collected opportunistically when birds were studied from 1995 to 2013...
November 25, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Kevin S Heffernan, Luis Columna, Natalie Russo, Beth A Myers, Christine E Ashby, Michael L Norris, Tiago V Barreira
We examined the association between physical activity (PA), body mass index (BMI) and novel measures of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 15 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (mean age 7 ± 2 years, 2 girls). PA was objectively assessed using accelerometry as time spent in moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Arterial stiffness was measured via aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and taken as a marker of subclinical CVD risk. MVPA was inversely associated with aortic PWV (r = - 0...
February 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Luis Columna, Suzanna Rocco Dillon, Michelle Dolphin, Denzil A Streete, Samuel R Hodge, Beth Myers, Michael L Norris, Lindsay McCabe, Tiago V Barreira, Kevin S Heffernan
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) provides multiple benefits to children with visual impairments (VI) and their families. However, the empirical literature base is underdeveloped on how family PA experiences impact participation for children with VI. The purpose of this study was two-fold; that is: (a) to explore why families with children with VI seek out and participate in PA, and (b) to describe the strategies and supports needed by families of children with VI to improve PA participation...
October 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Carly D Kenkel, Line K Bay
Transcriptomic resources for coral species can provide insight into coral evolutionary history and stress-response physiology. Goniopora columna, Galaxea astreata, and Galaxea acrhelia are scleractinian corals of the Indo-Pacific, representing a diversity of morphologies and life-history traits. G. columna and G. astreata are common and cosmopolitan, while G. acrhelia is largely restricted to the coral triangle and Great Barrier Reef. Reference transcriptomes for these species were assembled from replicate colony fragments exposed to elevated (31°C) and ambient (27°C) temperatures...
September 1, 2017: GigaScience
Karen Lise Dahl Andersen, Allan Bach, Rikke Haahr Iversen, Søren Helbo Skaarup
An 85-year-old woman was brought to an accident and emergency department with breathing difficulties accompanied by inspiratory stridor. She was being treated for hypertension and severe osteoporosis which had caused thoracal and cervical fractures of the columna. Intubation was initiated as she desaturated and deteriorated despite maximum oxygen therapy. The intubation revealed a subglottic stenosis as a consequence of a recent osteoporotic fracture in the cervical columna. This represents a rare cause of respiratory failure as all other cardial, pulmonary and allergic aetiologies had been eliminated...
May 8, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Amelia Cornejo-Romero, Carlos Fabián Vargas-Mendoza, Gustavo F Aguilar-Martínez, Javier Medina-Sánchez, Beatriz Rendón-Aguilar, Pedro Luis Valverde, Jose Alejandro Zavala-Hurtado, Alejandra Serrato, Sombra Rivas-Arancibia, Marco Aurelio Pérez-Hernández, Gerardo López-Ortega, Cecilia Jiménez-Sierra
Historic demography changes of plant species adapted to New World arid environments could be consistent with either the Glacial Refugium Hypothesis (GRH), which posits that populations contracted to refuges during the cold-dry glacial and expanded in warm-humid interglacial periods, or with the Interglacial Refugium Hypothesis (IRH), which suggests that populations contracted during interglacials and expanded in glacial times. These contrasting hypotheses are developed in the present study for the giant columnar cactus Cephalocereus columna-trajani in the intertropical Mexican drylands where the effects of Late Quaternary climatic changes on phylogeography of cacti remain largely unknown...
2017: PloS One
Yunus Aydin, Halit Çavusoglu, Ismail Yüce, Ahmet Özdilmaç, Okan Kahyaoglu
BACKGROUND: Any surgical procedure aims at protecting mobile segments at the operated level, and the sagittal balance of the columna vertebralis. Interbody fusion has become an often applied technique in anterior cervical discectomy. OBJECTIVE: To indicate that a minimally invasive technique in which we use interbody fat graft placement showed great results and effectiveness, especially in patients who were suffering from cervical paramedian disc herniation. METHODS: In this study, 432 patients were observed from 2000 to 2013...
October 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
Luana Riccobono, Antonella Maggio, Maurizio Bruno, Vivienne Spadaro, Francesco Maria Raimondo
The chemical composition of the essential oils isolated from the aerial parts of Anthemis arvensis L. subsp. arvensis, Anthemis cretica subsp. messanensis (Brullo) Giardina & Raimondo and from flowers and leaves of Anthemis cretica subsp. columnae (Ten.) Frezén were determinated by GC-FID and GC-MS analyses. Torreyol (85.4%) was recognised as the main constituent of the Anthemis arvensis subsp. arvensis essential oil, while in the essential oils of Anthemis cretica subsp. messanensis, collected on the rock and cultivated in Hortus Botanicus Panormitanus, (E)-chrysanthenyl acetate (28...
December 2017: Natural Product Research
Lorenzo Traversetti, Floriano Del Grosso, Valentina Malafoglia, Marco Colasanti, Simona Ceschin, Stefano Larsen, Massimiliano Scalici
The regenerative ability of Hydra vulgaris was tested as potential biomarker for the development of a new eco-toxicological index. The test is based on the regeneration rate and the aberration frequency of the columna (body and adhesive foot) after separation from head and tentacles by a bistoury. Particularly, 45 columnae were submerged in the rearing solution (that is Hydra medium) to have control, and 285 in potential contaminated waters to have treatments, collected from 19 sites along 10 rivers in central Italy...
March 2017: Ecotoxicology
Davide Seveso, Simone Montano, Melissa Amanda Ljubica Reggente, Davide Maggioni, Ivan Orlandi, Paolo Galli, Marina Vai
Black band disease (BBD) is a widespread coral pathology caused by a microbial consortium dominated by cyanobacteria, which is significantly contributing to the loss of coral cover and diversity worldwide. Since the effects of the BBD pathogens on the physiology and cellular stress response of coral polyps appear almost unknown, the expression of some molecular biomarkers, such as Hsp70, Hsp60, HO-1, and MnSOD, was analyzed in the apparently healthy tissues of Goniopora columna located at different distances from the infection and during two disease development stages...
March 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
(no author information available yet)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a 3D spinal deformity in frontal, sagittal and axial planes, with high relevance in the pediatric population especially in adolescents and females between 10 years of age and the end of growth spurt and skeletal maturity. The radiographic manifestation is a curve greater than 10° measured by Cobb method associated with vertebral rotation. "Idiopathic" diagnosis has to be done after neuroanatomical anomalies of the posterior cerebral fosa and spinal canal have been ruled out...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Luis Columna, Luz Amelia Hoyos-Cuartas, John T Foley, Jose Rafael Prado-Perez, Dana Milena Chavarro-Bermeo, Ana Lorena Mora, Maria Antonieta Ozols-Rosales, Luis Álvarez-Del Cid, Ivana Rivero
PURPOSE: To analyze Latin American physical education (PE) teachers' intentions toward teaching students with disabilities. PARTICIPANTS: 474 in-service PE teachers from 5 different Latin American countries. METHOD: Descriptive survey. Data were collected using a modified version of the Physical Educators' Intention Toward Teaching Individuals With Disabilities Survey. Multiple-regression analysis showed significant differences in the attitudes of teachers by gender, the number of adapted-PE courses taken, and years of experience working with individuals with disabilities...
July 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Yuiki Takahashi, Masaki Yoshida, Isao Inouye, Makoto M Watanabe
A novel Diplophrys-like organism, Fibrophrys columna, was isolated from Hiuchigaike Pond in Japan. F. columna showed a nearly orbicular or broadly elliptical cell shape and has fine filamentous, branching ectoplasmic elements emanating from both polar ends of the cell. Cells also contain orange, amber, or colorless lipid bodies. Although its whole cell morphology resembles that of the genus Diplophrys, Fibrophrys is clearly distinct from Diplophrys on the basis of 18S rDNA sequences. Molecular phylogenetic analysis showed a close relationship of F...
October 2016: European Journal of Protistology
Huda M Mahmoud, Aisha A Kalendar
Marine Actinobacteria, particularly coral-associated Actinobacteria, have attracted attention recently. In this study, the abundance and diversity of Actinobacteria associated with three types of coral thriving in a thermally stressed coral reef system north of the Arabian Gulf were investigated. Coscinaraea columna, Platygyra daedalea and Porites harrisoni have been found to harbor equivalent numbers of culturable Actinobacteria in their tissues but not in their mucus. However, different culturable actinobacterial communities have been found to be associated with different coral hosts...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Genki Kobayashi, Tomoyuki Miura, Shigeaki Kojima
A new vestimentiferan tubeworm species of the genus Lamellibrachia Webb, 1969 is described. It was collected from cold seep areas off Hatsushima in Sagami Bay and at the Daini Tenryu Knoll in the Nankai Trough (606-1170 m depth). Lamellibrachia sagami sp. nov. differs from seven congeneric species in the following character states; showing a wider range of diameter of vestimental and trunk plaques than L. barhami, L. luymesi, L. satsuma and L. anaximandri; and having more numerous sheath lamellae (3-6 pairs) than L...
2015: Zootaxa
Renan Kleber Costa Teixeira, Vitor Nagai Yamaki, Rita de Cássia Rodrigues Rosa, Rui Sergio Monteiro de Barros, Nara Macedo Botelho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether there is any preference for citing journals from other countries to the detriment of Brazilian journals, in three Brazilian orthopedics journals. METHODS: All the references of articles published in 2011 by the journals Acta Ortopédica Brasileira, Coluna/Columna and Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia were evaluated to as certain how many of these came from Brazilian journals and how many from foreign journals. RESULTS: 3813 references distributed among 187 articles were analyzed...
November 2014: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
C J Jacob, I M Cardoso, J L J Batista, T C Maia, B Roncaglio
INTRODUCTION: The morphology of the spine is variable within a population, and its maintenance in appropriate values implies a decrease in the energy expended. We need to know their normal values in population. This study aims to carry out a literature review and evaluate published papers on spinopelvic parameters in a Brazilian population sample. METHODS AND POPULATION: Eleven potentially eligible papers were initially identified for inclusion in this review: three papers from PubMed and eight from Medicine...
July 2015: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Fatih Akin, Serhat Aygun, Niyaziv Gormus, Yeter Duzenli Kar, Hanife Tugce Susam, Ahmet Ozel
May-Thurner syndrome is the result of compression of the left common iliac vein between the right common iliac artery and the overlying vertebrae. In this case report, we describe an 11-year-old boy presenting with swelling of the left lower extremity. An iliac MR venography showed compression of the left proximal iliac vein between the vertebra and the left iliac artery. In surgery, it was seen that the left common iliac vein was connected to the postero-inferior part of the inferior vena cava, and it was compressed between the right common iliac artery and the columna vertebralis, which was inconsistent with the radiological findings...
March 23, 2015: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Harilaos Damianakos, Malgorzata Jeziorek, Agnieszka Pietrosiuk, Ioanna Chinou
Four Greek endemic Boraginaceae plants, Onosma erecta Sibth. & Sm., Onosma kaheirei Teppner, Onosma leptantha Heldr., and Cynoglossum columnae L. (aerial parts), were screened for their content of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs). TLC with the Mattocks-Molyneux visualization reagent was used as a preliminary qualitative test for PA or PA N-oxide detection. The extracts of the species found to contain PAs and their N-oxides were further analyzed by GC/MS, so as to identify their structures by means of the mass spectra and retention index values of known PAs already published in the literature...
September 2014: Journal of AOAC International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"