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Vineet Gupta, Pratibha Ramani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The concept of field cancerization has frequently been quoted to explain the occurrence of multiple primary cancers in the head and neck region and recurrence following complete excision of the original tumor. The main objective is to study the occurrence of field changes in mirror image biopsy in relation to histopathological changes in the oral mucosa among oral cancer patients using hematoxylin and eosin and to study the expression pattern of cytokeratin, Ki-67 and p53 in oral squamous cell carcinoma and mirror image biopsy...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Cheal Wung Huh, Sung Ill Jang, Beom Jin Lim, Hee Wook Kim, Jae Keun Kim, Jun Sung Park, Ja Kyung Kim, Se Joon Lee, Dong Ki Lee
Common bile duct (CBD) stones are generally associated with greater elevations of alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase levels than aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase levels. However, some patients with CBD stones show markedly increased aminotransferase levels, sometimes leading to the misdiagnosis of liver disease. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic features of patients with CBD stones and high aminotransferase levels.This prospective cohort study included 882 patients diagnosed with CBD stones using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sung Eun Song, Min Sun Bae, Jung Min Chang, Nariya Cho, Han Suk Ryu, Woo Kyung Moon
BACKGROUND: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer has two distinct subtypes according to hormone receptor (HR) status. Survival, pattern of recurrence, and treatment response differ between HR-/HER2+ and HR+/HER2+ cancers. PURPOSE: To investigate imaging and clinicopathologic features of HER2+ cancers and their correlation with HR expression. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2011 and 2013, 252 consecutive patients with 252 surgically confirmed HER2+ cancers (125 HR- and 127 HR+) were included...
October 17, 2016: Acta Radiologica
Sang-Geon Cho, Zeenat Jabin, Ki Seong Park, Jahae Kim, Sae-Ryung Kang, Seong Young Kwon, Geum-Cheol Jeong, Minchul Song, Jong Sang Kim, Jae Yeong Cho, Hyun Kuk Kim, Ho-Chun Song, Jung-Joon Min, Hee-Seung Bom
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of additional evaluation of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) by gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (GMPS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and multivessel disease. METHODS: One hundred and nine acute MI patients with >50 % stenosis in at least one non-culprit artery who underwent GMPS within 2 weeks were enrolled. All patients underwent successful revascularization of the culprit arteries...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Yanping Yang, Xuedan Wang, Hui Yang, Hualong Fu, Jinming Zhang, Xiaojun Zhang, Jiapei Dai, Zhiyong Zhang, Chunping Lin, Yuzhi Guo, Mengchao Cui
This study describes an effective strategy to improve pharmacokinetics of Aβ imaging agents, offering a novel class of (R)- and (S)-18F-labeled 2-arylbenzoheterocyclic derivatives which bear an additional chiral hydroxyl group on the side chain. These ligands displayed binding abilities toward Aβ aggregates with Ki values varying from 3.2 to 195.6 nM. Chirality-related discrepancy was observed in biodistribution and (S)-2-phenylbenzoxazole enantiomers exhibited vastly improved brain clearance with washout ratios higher than 20...
October 15, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Woo Young Choi, Ki Wook Sung, Young Seok Kim, Jong Won Hong, Tai Suk Roh, Dae Hyun Lew, Jong Hee Chang, Kyu Sung Lee
Skull base reconstruction is a challenging task. The method depends on the anatomical complexity and size of the defect. We obtained tissue by harvesting fat-containing perifascial areolar tissue (PAT) for reconstruction of limited skull base defects and volume augmentation. We demonstrated the effective option for reconstruction of limited skull base defects and volume augmentation. From October 2013 to November 2015, 5 patients underwent operations using fat-containing PAT to fill the defect in skull base and/or perform volume replacement in the forehead...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Benita Tamrazi, Melike Pekmezci, Mariam Aboian, Tarik Tihan, Christine M Glastonbury
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Pituitary macroadenomas are predominantly benign intracranial neoplasms that can be locally aggressive with invasion of adjacent structures. Biomarkers of aggressive behavior have been identified in the pathology literature, including the proliferative marker MIB-1. In the radiology literature, diffusion weighted imaging and low ADC values provide similar markers of aggressive behavior in brain tumors. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between ADC and MIB-1 in pituitary macroadenomas...
October 12, 2016: Pituitary
Henrik B W Larsson, Mark B Vestergaard, Ulrich Lindberg, Helle K Iversen, Stig P Cramer
PURPOSE: Capillary transit time heterogeneity, measured as CTH, may set the upper limit for extraction of substances in brain tissue, e.g., oxygen. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of dynamic contrast-enhanced T1 weighted MRI (DCE-MRI) at 3 Tesla (T), in estimating CTH based on a gamma-variate model of the capillary transit time distribution. In addition, we wanted to investigate if a subtle increase of the blood-brain barrier permeability can be incorporated into the model, still allowing estimation of CTH...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Jae-Young Kim, Bum-Joon Kim, Kwang-Ho Park, Jong-Ki Huh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the volume and position of the temporomandibular joint structures, specifically the glenoid fossa and the condylar head, in patients with facial asymmetry. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-six adult patients were divided into two groups-asymmetry group and control group-based on the severity of the mandibular asymmetry, as seen on their orthopantomograms. The volumes and positions of the bilateral temporomandibular joint components were measured by using computed tomography images and a three-dimensional analysis program...
August 31, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Ro Woon Lee, Soo-Jung Choi, Man Ho Lee, Jae Hong Ahn, Dong Rock Shin, Chae Hoon Kang, Ki Won Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance (DP) of 3T (3 Tesla field strength) conventional shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) tears in association with rotator cuff tendon tears. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 80 consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery for rotator cuff tendon tears. Two radiologists independently evaluated the preoperative 3T shoulder MRI for the presence of LHBT tears...
October 7, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Zaneta Swiderska-Chadaj, Tomasz Markiewicz, Bartlomiej Grala, Malgorzata Lorent
BACKGROUND: Hot-spot based examination of immunohistochemically stained histological specimens is one of the most important procedures in pathomorphological practice. The development of image acquisition equipment and computational units allows for the automation of this process. Moreover, a lot of possible technical problems occur in everyday histological material, which increases the complexity of the problem. Thus, a full context-based analysis of histological specimens is also needed in the quantification of immunohistochemically stained specimens...
October 7, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Varvara A Kirchner, Shin Hwang, Gi-Won Song, Chul-Soo Ahn, Deok-Bog Moon, Ki-Hun Kim, Dong-Hwan Jung, Tae-Yong Ha, Gil-Chun Park, Sung-Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND The middle hepatic vein (MHV) interposition vessel graft (IVG) is often occluded within a few months after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We aimed to assess the mechanisms of resolving the hepatic venous congestion (HVC) that develops after gradual occlusion of the MHV-IVG. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study comprised two parts. Part I involved an assessment of the process of HVC resolution in the remnant right liver after donation of an extended left liver graft (n=100). Part II involved an evaluation of the timing and patterns of gradual MHV-IVG occlusion and HVC resolution in LDLT recipients (n=100)...
October 7, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Dorian R A Swarts, Martina Rudelius, Sandra M H Claessen, Jack P Cleutjens, Stefan Seidl, Marco Volante, Frans C S Ramaekers, Ernst J M Speel
AIMS: Currently pulmonary carcinoids are separated into typical (TC) and atypical (AC) based on mitotic count and presence of necrosis, according to the WHO. At variance with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, which are graded based on mitotic count and Ki-67 proliferative index, the use of Ki-67 for grading pulmonary carcinoids is still under debate. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study we evaluated the prognostic impact of Ki-67 assessment in a multicenter cohort of 201 carcinoids (147 TCs, 54 ACs), using manual analysis (2000 cells counted) and digital image analysis (in-house Leica Qwin program; ≥ 4500 cells counted)...
October 4, 2016: Histopathology
Stefan Wiehr, Anna-Maria Rolle, Philipp Warnke, Ursula Kohlhofer, Leticia Quintanilla-Martinez, Gerald Reischl, Ingo B Autenrieth, Bernd J Pichler, Stella E Autenrieth
Most frequently, gram-negative bacterial infections in humans are caused by Enterobacteriaceae and remain a major challenge in medical diagnostics. We non-invasively imaged moderate and severe systemic Yersinia enterocolitica infections in mice using the positron emission tomography (PET) tracer 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT), which is a marker of proliferation, and compared the in vivo results to the ex vivo biodistributions, bacterial loads, and histologies of the corresponding organs. Y. enterocolitica infection is detectable with histology using H&E staining and immunohistochemistry for Ki 67...
2016: PloS One
Yeoreum Yoon, Seung Hwan Jeon, Yong Hyun Park, Won Hyuk Jang, Ji Youl Lee, Ki Hean Kim
Preservation of prostatic nerves is critical to recovery of a man's sexual potency after radical prostatectomy. A real-time imaging method of prostatic nerves will be helpful for nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP). Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT), which provides both structural and birefringent information of tissue, was applied for detection of prostatic nerves in both rat and human prostate specimens, ex vivo. PS-OCT imaging of rat prostate specimens visualized highly scattering and birefringent fibrous structures superficially, and these birefringent structures were confirmed to be nerves by histology or multiphoton microscopy (MPM)...
September 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Cheng Lu, Hongming Xu, Jun Xu, Hannah Gilmore, Mrinal Mandal, Anant Madabhushi
Nuclei detection is often a critical initial step in the development of computer aided diagnosis and prognosis schemes in the context of digital pathology images. While over the last few years, a number of nuclei detection methods have been proposed, most of these approaches make idealistic assumptions about the staining quality of the tissue. In this paper, we present a new Multi-Pass Adaptive Voting (MPAV) for nuclei detection which is specifically geared towards images with poor quality staining and noise on account of tissue preparation artifacts...
October 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Zengjian Wang, Xiaoyun Wang, Jian Liu, Jun Chen, Xian Liu, Guangning Nie, Kristen Jorgenson, Ki Cheul Sohn, Ruiwang Huang, Ming Liu, Bo Liu, Jian Kong
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disorder with a high prevalence and significant social and economic impacts. Nevertheless, the treatment of MDD is far from satisfactory. Acupuncture treatment has emerged as a promising method for treating MDD. However, the neural mechanism by which acupuncture reduces depressive symptoms is not fully understood. Studies have shown that the corticostriatal reward circuitry is associated with the pathophysiology of MDD; thus, we investigated the corticostriatal resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) before and after real and sham acupuncture treatments combined with the antidepressant fluoxetine...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Fanny Cacheux, Vincent Médran-Navarrete, Frédéric Dollé, Frank Marguet, Frédéric Puech, Annelaure Damont
The translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO) is today a validated target for a number of therapeutic applications, but also a well-recognized diagnostic/imaging biomarker for the evaluation of inflammatory related-disease state and progression, prompting the development of specific and dedicated TSPO ligands worldwide. For this purpose, pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine acetamides constitute a unique class of high affinity and selectivity TSPO ligands; it includes DPA-714, a fluorine-containing derivative that has also been labelled with the positron-emitter fluorine-18, and is nowadays widely used as a Positron Emission Tomography imaging probe...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Katsuya Mitamura, Yuka Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Kudomi, Yukito Maeda, Takashi Norikane, Keisuke Miyake, Yoshihiro Nishiyama
BACKGROUND: The nucleoside analog 3'-deoxy-3'-(18)F-fluorothymidine (FLT) has been investigated for evaluating tumor proliferating activity in brain tumors. We evaluated FLT uptake heterogeneity using textural features from the histogram analysis in patients with newly diagnosed gliomas and examined correlation of the results with proliferative activity and patient prognosis, in comparison with the conventional PET parameters. METHODS: FLT PET was investigated in 37 patients with newly diagnosed gliomas...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
Jung Kyu Ryu, Sun Jung Rhee, Jeong Yoon Song, Soo Hyun Cho, Geon-Ho Jahng
The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of quantitative per-fusion parameters obtained from dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with mammographically occult (MO) breast cancers and those with mammographically visible (MV) breast cancers. Quantitative parameters (AUC, Ktrans, kep, ve, vp, and wi) from 13 MO breast cancers and 16 MV breast cancers were mapped after the DCE-MRI data were acquired. Various prog-nostic factors, including axillary nodal status, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), Ki-67, p53, E-cadherin, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) were obtained in each group...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
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