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Maria Amasanti, Cleo Huang, Ben Lovell
Whilst hematospermia may indicate urological disease, it is a rare manifestation of severe systemic hypertension. We describe the case of a young man with hematospermia associated with a blood pressure of 228/135. Blood pressure treatment led to resolution of his hematospermia. Physicians must be aware of this potential association.
April 2017: Clinical Case Reports
Michael J Mathers, Stefan Degener, Herbert Sperling, Stephan Roth
BACKGROUND: Hematospermia, or blood in the ejaculate, is a symptom with many possible causes that often gives rise to worry. Precise figures on its prevalence are unavailable. It is most common in men under 40, and its cause is usually benign; nonetheless, even a single episode of hematospermia calls for a basic diagnostic evaluation. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles re trieved by a search in PubMed with the key words "hemato spermia," "hemospermia," "ejaculation," "male semen," and "transrectal ultrasound...
March 17, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Raynell Lang, Jessica Minion, Alexander Wong
Hematospermia is a common complaint among patients seen in outpatient urology clinics. The differential diagnosis is broad and includes inflammatory, infectious, neoplastic, structural, systemic, and traumatic causes. The most common infectious causes are uropathogens and sexually transmitted infections. However, with increasing global travel, physicians must maintain a high clinical suspicion for pathogens not endemic to their region, including Echinococcus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Schistosoma.1 We present a case of hematospermia in a traveler returning from Eastern Africa with exposure to Lake Malawi...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Kliton Jorgo, Péter Ágoston, Tibor Major, Zoltán Takácsi-Nagy, Csaba Polgár
PURPOSE: To present the feasibility and complications of transperineal fiducial marker implantation in prostate cancer patients undergoing image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between November 2011 and April 2016, three radiopaque, gold-plated markers were transperineally implanted into the prostate of 300 patients under transrectal ultrasound guidance and with local anaesthesia. A week after the procedure patients filled in a questionnaire regarding pain, dysuria, urinary frequency, nocturia, rectal bleeding, hematuria, hematospermia or fever symptoms caused by the implantation...
February 2, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Mohammad H Radfar, Nasser Simforoosh, Mehdi Sotoudeh, Mehdi H Ramezani, Mohammad J Mollakoochakian, Maryam Nikravesh, Hamidreza Shemshaki
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is an important tool for the management of urolithiasis. The effects of shockwaves on tissues are established. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the microscopic semen characteristics of young men before and after ESWL treatment for lower ureteral calculi. METHODS: Literature searches were performed following the Cochrane guidelines. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis that included six trials that investigated the effects of ESWL on semen parameters, including sperm concentration, motility, and hematospermia...
December 2, 2016: Urologia
Lucio Dell'Atti
PURPOSE: We evaluated the correlation between prostate calculi and hematospermia in patients undergoing prostate biopsy, and its impact on sexual activity of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center prospective randomized study of 212 patients referred for transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSBx) was performed. All patients were divided into two groups: Group A (GA), 106 patients with moderate/marked presence of prostatic calculi visualized by TRUS; Group B (GB), 106 patients with absence/scarce of prostatic calcifications...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
S X Tang, H L Zhou, Y L Ding
Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy in the treatment of persistent hematospermia, and oligoasthenozoospermia and azoospermia from ejaculatory duct obstruction. Methods: The clinical date of 56 cases of persistent hematospermia, or azoospermia/oligoasthenozoospermia from ejaculatory duct obstruction treated with transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy between November 2013 and January 2016 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University were reviewed. A total of 30 cases were persistent hematospermia for 6 months to 3 years, with no response to routine antibiotic therapy for >4 weeks; 24 cases were obstructive azoospermia; and the other 2 cases were extreme oligoasthenozoospermia...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Nelson Canales-Casco, Alejandro Dominguez-Amillo, Miguel Angel Arrabal-Polo, Francisco Javier Sanchez-Tamayo, Miguel Arrabal-Martin, Jose Manuel Cozar-Olmo
A 17-year-old adolescent boy was referred to the urology department of our institution for hematospermia after initiation of sexual relationship. A magnetic resonance imaging scan showed giant dilation of a multicystic left seminal vesicle with left renal agenesis. These findings are typical of the Zinner syndrome. In 70%-80% of the cases when renal agenesis is found, there is an ipsilateral cystic dilation of the seminal vesicle that in some cases may be associated with testicular ectopia or absence of the bladder trigone...
January 2017: Urology
Arie Parnham, Ege Can Serefoglu
Although there has been an increased interest on premature ejaculation in the recent years, our understanding regarding the disorders of retrograde ejaculation, painful ejaculation and hematospermia remain limited. All three of these conditions require a keen clinical acumen and willingness to engage in thinking outside of the standard established treatment paradigm. The development of novel investigational techniques and treatments has led to progress in the management of these conditions symptoms; however, the literature almost uniformly is limited to small series and rare randomised trials...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Lucio Dell'Atti, Papa Stefano, Capparelli Gaetano, Ippolito Carmelo
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of a short prophylaxis with tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss during transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSBx) in patients taking oral anti-platelet therapy and to prospectively compare this approach with patients without oral prophylaxis. METHODS: A total of 359 consecutive patients taking chronic low dose aspirin were enrolled in this prospective study. Before TRUSBx all patients were randomly assigned into two groups; a short oral prophylaxis with tranexamic acid 500 mg orally, taken one hour before the procedure (group A, N:178 ) and those without oral prophylaxis (group B, N:181)...
May 2016: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Marco Borghesi, Hashim Ahmed, Robert Nam, Edward Schaeffer, Riccardo Schiavina, Samir Taneja, Wolfgang Weidner, Stacy Loeb
CONTEXT: Prostate biopsy (PB) represents the gold standard method to confirm the presence of cancer. In addition to traditional random or systematic approaches, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided technique has been introduced recently. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of complications after transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided, transperineal, and MRI-guided PB. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We performed a systematic literature search of Web of Science, Embase, and Scopus databases up to October 2015, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
March 2017: European Urology
Seiji Furuya, Naoya Masumori, Akio Takayanagi
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the natural history of hematospermia. METHODS: This study included 189 patients with hematospermia. All the patients underwent watchful waiting without any empirical treatment. RESULTS: The median observation period was 52 months. Hematospermia resolved spontaneously in 168 (88.9%) of the 189 patients, and the median disease duration was 1.5 months. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the persistence rates of hematospermia were 57...
November 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Pardeep K Mittal, Juan C Camacho, Dushyant V Sahani, Bobby Kalb, Peter A Harri, Viraj Master, Nima Kokabi, Matthew Hartman, Hiroumi D Kitajima, Courtney C Moreno
Hematospermia is a challenging and anxiety-provoking condition that can manifest as a single episode or recur over the course of weeks to months. It is usually a benign self-limiting condition in younger sexually active males without a history of risk factors such as cancer, urogenital malformations, bleeding disorders, and their associated symptoms. However, patients with recurrent, refractory and painful hematospermia with associated symptoms, such as fever, pain, or weight loss, require evaluation through clinical assessment and noninvasive investigations to rule out underlying pathologic conditions such as ejaculatory obstruction, infectious and inflammatory causes, malignancy, vascular malformations, and systemic disorders that increase the risk of bleeding, especially when presenting in older men...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Gautam Dagur, Kelly Warren, Yiji Suh, Navjot Singh, Sardar A Khan
Seminal vesicles (SVs) are sex accessory organs and part of male genitourinary system. They play a critical role in male fertility. Diseases of the SVs, usually results in infertility. Diseases of the SVs are extremely rare and are infrequently reported in the literature. We address the current literature of SV pathologies, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. We review the clinical importance of SVs from PubMed. The current imaging modalities and instrumentation that help diagnose SV diseases are reviewed...
May 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Tonye A Jones, Jan Phillip Radtke, Boris Hadaschik, Leonard S Marks
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The objective of this article is to examine the safety of prostate biopsy and discuss the emerging role of MRI-ultrasound fusion technology in improving diagnostic accuracy. RECENT FINDINGS: Men undergoing prostate biopsy frequently experience minor complications, including hematospermia, hematuria, and infection. Quinolone-resistant bacteria are a growing concern; thus, transperineal access or modification of antibiotic prophylaxis based on local antibiograms is now used to avoid infectious complications...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
Xiao-bo Zhu, Xiang-sheng Zhang, Shi-long Zhang, Hong-lin Shi, Chao-hui Kong, De-gang Ding, Zhong-hua Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application value of 8.5/11.5 F transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of refractory hematospermia. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 78 cases of refractory hematospermia diagnosed and treated by 8.5/11.5 F transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy from June 2012 to June 2014. The patients underwent serum PSA examination, transrectal ultrasonography, seminal vesicle ultrasonography, and pelvis CT or MRI before surgery, and all received transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy under the 8...
March 2016: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
Daniel Schlager, Moritz Maas, Simon Hein, Fabian Adams, Martin Schoenthaler, Ulrich Wetterauer, Thorsten Diemer, Wolfgang Weidner, Arkadiusz Miernik
OBJECTIVES: The most common pathologies of the seminal tract are persistent hematospermia, seminal vesicle stones, and seminal duct obstruction. Endoscopic diagnostic work-up of the seminal tract is impeded by complex anatomy and lack of technical equipment. To date, there is no standardized endoscopic approach. The purpose of this study was to investigate the applicability and feasibility of a flexible microoptical device for atraumatic endoscopy of the seminal tract in a male human cadaver...
August 2016: Journal of Endourology
Lucio Dell'Atti
The prognosis of seminal vesicle (SV) adenocarcinoma is often poor due to delayed diagnosis. About 95% of the patients die in less than 3 years. Diagnosis is difficult due to the absence of early clinical signs as hematuria, hematospermia and/or dysuria. We present the case of a 61-year-old Caucasian man with a left SV mass detected by transrectal ultrasound. SV ultrasound-guided biopsy showed an adenocarcinoma. The tumor was uniformly strongly immunoreactive for cytokeratin-7 and carcinoembryonic antigen. There was no immunoreactivity for prostate-specific acid phosphatase (PSAP) and CK-20...
March 21, 2016: Rare Tumors
Daniele Minardi, Anna Rita Scortechini, Giulio Milanese, Pietro Leoni, Giovanni Muzzonigro
In this report we describe the case of a patient with unrecognized von Willebrand disease (vWD), in whom the only presenting symptoms were spontaneous and recurrent hematuria with bladder tamponade, associated with recurrent hematospermia. The diagnosis was made only after several admissions to the hospital. We suggest to include coagulopathies such as vWD as part of the evaluation in patients with unexplained genito-urinary bleeding.
March 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Alex M Hennessey, Jessica M Clement, Faripour Forouhar, John A Taylor
A 52-year-old gentleman presented with recurrent hematospermia. Further history revealed recent onset of constipation and difficulty voiding. Rectal examination revealed a firm, polypoid mass and colonoscopy showed suspicious, ulcerated lesions of the rectal mucosa with narrowing of the rectal vault. Pathology demonstrated transitional cell carcinoma of the rectum. While transitional cell carcinoma is a common genitourinary cancer, its presence in the anus and rectum is exceedingly rare. Furthermore, hematospermia is generally not associated with malignancy...
2016: Case Reports in Urology
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