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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881185/electromagnetic-simulation-of-non-invasive-approach-for-the-diagnosis-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#1
Roshen Borkar, James Rizkalla, Youngmin Kwon, Paul Salama, Maher Rizkalla
Diabetic foot ulcers are systemic diseases that affect all blood vessels within the human body. From major blood vessels to microvasculature, hardening, thickening, and narrowing of blood vessels ultimately results to diminished blood flow to end organs. The detrimental effects of peripheral vascular disease are well recognized across medicine, particularly with regards to diabetic foot ulcers. Diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) are common across all fields of medicine, including but not limited to: orthopedics, vascular surgery, podiatry, general internal medicine, and infectious disease...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868165/diabetic-foot-ulcer-outcomes-from-a-podiatry-led-tertiary-service-in-kuwait
#2
Grace Messenger, Richard Masoetsa, Imtiaz Hussain, Sriraman Devarajan, Mohamed Jahromi
Objective : This single-centred study aims to evaluate the incidence, risk factors and treatment outcomes of a podiatry led, evidence-based diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) clinic. Research design and methods : Data from the DFU database and patient electronic health records were retrospectively collected from patients with new DFUs who were referred for treatment to the Department of Podiatry, Dasman Diabetes Institute, Kuwait, from 1 October 2014, to 31 December 2016. Patients were followed-up until healing occurred or until 6 months after the study end date, whichever came first...
2018: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849768/survey-of-ultrasound-practice-amongst-podiatrists-in-the-uk
#3
Heidi J Siddle, Aimie Patience, James Coughtrey, Jean Mooney, Martin Fox, Lindsey Cherry
Background: Ultrasound in podiatry practice encompasses musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging, vascular hand-held Doppler ultrasound and therapeutic ultrasound. Sonography practice is not regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC), with no requirement to hold a formal qualification. The College of Podiatry does not currently define ultrasound training and competencies.This study aimed to determine the current use of ultrasound, training received and mentorship received and/or provided by podiatrists using ultrasound...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740215/impact-of-plantar-fasciitis-on-the-quality-of-life-of-male-and-female-patients-according-to-the-foot-health-status-questionnaire
#4
Patricia Palomo-López, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, David Rodríguez-Sanz, César Calvo-Lobo, Daniel López-López
Background and purpose: Plantar fasciitis (PF) is a foot disorder in adults secondary to an inflammatory response caused by repetitive micro-trauma. We evaluated and compared the impact on quality of life (QoL) related to foot health and general health between males and females with PF. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, patients with PF were recruited from a podiatry clinic. Physical examination, sociodemographic data, and the self-reported Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ) were recorded...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738399/cost-determinants-in-the-90-day-management-of-isolated-ankle-fractures-at-a-large-urban-academic-hospital
#5
Matthew Varacallo, Patrick Mattern, Jonathan Acosta, Nader Toossi, Kevin Denehy, Susan Harding
OBJECTIVES: To determine the independent risk factors associated with increasing costs and unplanned hospital readmissions in the 90-day episode of care (EOC) for isolated operative ankle fractures at our institution. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: Level I Trauma Center PATIENTS:: Two hundred ninety-nine patients undergoing open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) for the treatment of an acute, isolated ankle fracture between 2010 and 2015. INTERVENTION: none MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:: Independent risk factors for increasing 90-day EOC costs and unplanned hospital readmission rates...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682429/when-why-and-how-foot-orthoses-fos-should-be-prescribed-for-children-with-flexible-pes-planus-a-delphi-survey-of-podiatrists
#6
Sindhrani Dars, Hayley Uden, Saravana Kumar, Helen A Banwell
Background: Flexible pes planus (flat feet) in children is a common reason parents and caregivers seek health professionals consult and a frequent reason podiatrists prescribe foot orthoses. Yet no universal agreement exists on the diagnosis of this condition, or when and how foot orthoses should be prescribed. The aim of this study was to garner consensus and agreement among podiatrists on the use of FOs for paediatric flexible pes planus. Methods: A three round Delphi consensus survey was undertaken with 15 podiatry experts from Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577752/fungal-burden-exposure-assessment-in-podiatry-clinics-from-ireland
#7
Carla Viegas, Ann Marie Coggins, Tiago Faria, Liliana Aranha Caetano, Anita Quintal Gomes, Raquel Sabino, Cristina Verissimo, Nigel Roberts, David Watterson, Claire MacGilchrist, Gerard T A Fleming
Fungi are amongst the bioaerosols of most importance, as indicated by the growing interest in this field of research. The aim was to characterize the exposure to fungal burden in podiatry clinics using culture-based and molecular methods. METHODS: Airborne fungi were collected using an impaction air sampler and surface samples were also performed. Fourteen air samples were collected for direct detection of fungal DNA from filamentous fungi and dermatophytes. Overall, 63.6 % of the evening samples and 46 % of the morning samples surpassed the threshold values (150 CFU/m3 )...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560031/-a-good-fit-bringing-the-sociology-of-footwear-to-the-clinical-encounter-in-podiatry-services-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Emily Nicholls, Victoria Robinson, Lisa Farndon, Wesley Vernon
Background: This narrative review explores the ways in which drawing on theories and methods used in sociological work on footwear and identity can contribute to healthcare research with podiatrists and their patients, highlighting recent research in this field, implications for practice and potential areas for future development.Traditionally, research within Podiatry Services has tended to adopt a quantitative, positivist focus, developing separately from a growing body of sociological work exploring the importance of shoes in constructing identity and self-image...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408727/establishing-state-of-motion-through-two-dimensional-foot-and-shoe-print-analysis-a-pilot-study
#9
Fernando Bueno Neves, Graham P Arnold, Sadiq Nasir, Weijie Wang, Calum MacDonald, Ian Christie, Rami J Abboud
According to the College of Podiatry, footprints rank among the most frequent forms of evidence found at crime scenes, and the recent ascension of forensic podiatry reflects the importance of footwear and barefoot traces in contemporary forensic practice. In this context, this pilot study focused on whether it is possible to distinguish between walking and running states using parameters derived from two-dimensional foot or shoe prints. Eleven subjects moved along four tracks (barefoot walking; barefoot running; footwear walking; footwear running) while having their bare feet or footwear stained with artificial blood and their footstep patterns recorded...
March 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389252/risk-factors-and-predictive-model-development-of-thirty-day-post-operative-surgical-site-infection-in-the-veterans-administration-surgical-population
#10
Xinli Li, William Nylander, Tracy Smith, Soonhee Han, William Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) complicates approximately 2% of surgeries in the Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. Surgical site infections are responsible for increased morbidity, length of hospital stay, cost, and mortality. Surgical site infection can be minimized by modifying risk factors. In this study, we identified risk factors and developed accurate predictive surgical specialty-specific SSI risk prediction models for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) surgery population...
April 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368973/extending-conceptual-understanding-how-interprofessional-education-influences-affective-domain-development
#11
Melanie Stephens, Paula Ormandy
Interprofessional learning (IPL) can influence affective domain development of students through teaching activities that facilitate learning with, from, and about other professions. Current quantitative evidence offers limited explanation of how this learning is achieved within IPL programmes. This article tests a conceptual framework drawn from theories on IPL and affective domain development (attitudes, values, and behaviours) to explain what works for whom, when, and in what circumstances. The objectives of the study were twofold: to evaluate the impact of the IPL programme on the student's attitudes and values, and to identify behaviour changes in clinical practice towards interprofessional working...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240741/a-retrospective-audit-of-the-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetes-related-charcot-neuropathic-osteoarthropathy
#12
Joanne Dixon, Joshua Coulter, Michele Garrett, Rick Cutfield
AIMS: To review the characteristics, management and outcomes one year after diagnosis in patients with diabetes related charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy (CN) treated at the Diabetes Podiatry service, Waitemata District Health Board (WDHB) between 2000-2014. METHODS: Patients with diabetes and recorded diagnosis of CN were identified from the podiatry service records. Clinical details were retrospectively obtained from WDHB databases and patient medical records...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201147/evidence-for-current-recommendations-concerning-the-management-of-foot-health-for-people-with-chronic-long-term-conditions-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Katherine Edwards, Alan Borthwick, Louise McCulloch, Anthony Redmond, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Andrew Judge, Nigel Arden, Catherine Bowen
Background: Research focusing on management of foot health has become more evident over the past decade, especially related to chronic conditions such as diabetes. The level of methodological rigour across this body of work however is varied and outputs do not appear to have been developed or translated into clinical practice. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the latest guidelines, standards of care and current recommendations relative to people with chronic conditions to ascertain the level of supporting evidence concerning the management of foot health...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131756/combined-use-of-modulated-ultrasound-and-electric-current-stimulation-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-case-series
#14
T O'Connor, Z Moore, D Patton, P Wilson, C Gillen, M Hughes, A Reilly
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) are a significant challenge in wound care practice. Our aim was to evaluate the combined use of of two therapies, ultrasound and electrostimulation, in the treatment of DFUs. METHOD: This study employed a prospective, non-comparative, case series design, undertaken in a podiatry-led diabetic foot clinic, in an acute hospital setting, in an urban location in Ireland. We recruited patinets with hard-to-heal DFUs who were treated twice a week with combined modulated ultrasound and electric current stimulation...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090022/prevalence-impact-and-care-of-foot-problems-in-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-united-kingdom-based-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Oonagh Wilson, Sarah Hewlett, James Woodburn, Jon Pollock, John Kirwan
BACKGROUND: Foot symptoms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) derive from a combination of inflammation, altered foot mechanics, deformity and secondary skin lesions. Guidelines recommend regular review of patients' feet, but the extent to which the general population of RA patients report foot symptoms and access foot care has not been established. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence, impact and care of foot problems in all patients with RA in one geographical area and identify factors associated with accessing foot care...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077854/investigation-of-a-cluster-of-sequence-type-22-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-transmission-in-a-community-setting
#16
Michelle S Toleman, Emmeline R Watkins, Tom Williams, Beth Blane, Belinda Sadler, Ewan M Harrison, Francesc Coll, Julian Parkhill, Bernadette Nazareth, Nicholas M Brown, Sharon J Peacock
Background: Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) has typically been used to confirm or refute hospital/ward outbreaks of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) identified through routine practice. However, appropriately targeted WGS strategies that identify routinely "undetectable" transmission remain the ultimate aim. Methods: WGS of MRSA isolates sent to a regional microbiological laboratory was performed as part of a 12-month prospective observational study...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046725/clinical-photographic-observation-of-plantar-corns-and-callus-associated-with-a-nominal-scale-classification-and-inter-observer-reliability-study-in-a-student-population
#17
David R Tollafield
BACKGROUND: The management of plantar corns and callus has a low cost-benefit with reduced prioritisation in healthcare. The distinction between types of keratin lesions that forms corns and callus has attracted limited interest. Observation is imperative to improving diagnostic predictions and a number of studies point to some confusion as to how best to achieve this. The use of photographic observation has been proposed to improve our understanding of intractable keratin lesions. METHODS: Students from a podiatry school reviewed photographs where plantar keratin lesions were divided into four nominal groups; light callus (Grade 1), heavy defined callus (Grade 2), concentric keratin plugs (Grade 3) and callus with deeper density changes under the forefoot (Grade 4)...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046724/the-integration-of-a-podiatrist-into-an-orthopaedic-department-a-cost-consequences-analysis
#18
Tom P Walsh, Linda R Ferris, Nancy C Cullen, Christopher H Brown, Cathy J Loughry, Nikki M McCaffrey
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-consequences of a podiatry-led triage clinic provided in an orthopaedic department relative to usual care for non-urgent foot and ankle complaints in an Australian tertiary care hospital. METHODS: All new, non-urgent foot and ankle patients seen in an outpatient orthopaedic department were included in this study. The patients seen between 2014 and 2015 by Orthopaedic Surgeons were considered 'usual care', the patients seen between 2015 and 2016 by a Podiatrist were considered the 'Podiatry Triage Clinic'...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023974/diabetes-related-major-lower-limb-amputation-incidence-is-strongly-related-to-diabetic-foot-service-provision-and-improves-with-enhancement-of-services-peer-review-of-the-south-west-of-england
#19
R B Paisey, A Abbott, R Levenson, A Harrington, D Browne, J Moore, M Bamford, M Roe
AIMS: To investigate the relationship between high diabetes-related lower limb amputation incidence and foot care services in the South-West region of England. METHODS: The introduction of 10 key elements of foot care service provision in one area of the South-West resulted in stabilization of foot ulcer incidence and sustained reduction in amputation incidence from 2007. Services introduced included administrative support, standardized general practice foot screening, improved community podiatry staffing, hospital multidisciplinary foot clinics, effective care pathways, availability of an orthotist and audit...
January 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734103/levels-of-wound-calprotectin-and-other-inflammatory-biomarkers-aid-in-deciding-which-patients-with-a-diabetic-foot-ulcer-need-antibiotic-therapy-induce-study
#20
J R Ingram, S Cawley, E Coulman, C Gregory, E Thomas-Jones, T Pickles, R Cannings-John, N A Francis, K Harding, K Hood, V Piguet
AIMS: Deciding if a diabetic foot ulcer is infected in a community setting is challenging without validated point-of-care tests. Four inflammatory biomarkers were investigated to develop a composite algorithm for mildly infected diabetic foot ulcers: venous white cell count, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin, and a novel wound exudate calprotectin assay. Calprotectin is a marker of neutrophilic inflammation. METHODS: In a prospective study, people with uninfected or mildly infected diabetic foot ulcers who had not received oral antibiotics in the preceding 2 weeks were recruited from community podiatry clinics for measurement of inflammatory biomarkers...
February 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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