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clinics in podiatry

Ryan S Causby, Michelle N McDonnell, Lloyd Reed, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: The process of using a scalpel, like all other motor activities, is dependent upon the successful integration of afferent (sensory), cognitive and efferent (motor) processes. During learning of these skills, even if motor practice is carefully monitored there is still an inherent risk involved. It is also possible that this strategy could reinforce high levels of anxiety experienced by the student and affect student self-efficacy, causing detrimental effects on motor learning...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Christine Taylor, Liz Angel, Lucy Nyanga, Cathy Dickson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the process and challenges from a project that aimed to develop processes, source new placements, and place students primarily in the discipline of Nursing, but also Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy, Podiatry, Social Work, and Speech Therapy. BACKGROUND: Clinical experience in health facilities is an essential element of health professional education, yet globally there is a lack of clinical placements to meet demands...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Reza Naraghi, Alexandra Bremner, Linda Slack-Smith, Alan Bryant
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research was to investigate the association of various structural measurements of the forefoot with Morton's neuroma (MN). METHODS: Weightbearing anteroposterior and lateral foot radiographs of subjects attending the University of Western Australia (UWA) Podiatry Clinic and the first author's private practice were included in this study. A single assessor measured the following angles: lateral intermetatarsal angle (LIMA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), hallux valgus angle (HVA), digital divergence between the second and third digits (DD23), digital divergence between the third and fourth digits (DD34) and relative metatarsal lengths of the first to fifth metatarsals (Met1-5), and the effect of MN size as measured by ultrasonograph on digital divergence...
November 10, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Vivienne Helaine Chuter, Angela Searle, Martin J Spink
BACKGROUND: Foot pain is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 5 adults and is known to adversely affect activities of daily living and health related quality of life. Orthopaedic footwear interventions are used as a conservative treatment for foot pain, although adherence is known to be low, in part due to the perception of poor comfort and unattractiveness of the footwear. The objective of this trial was to assess the efficacy of flip-flop style footwear (Foot Bio-Tec©) with a moulded foot-bed in reducing foot pain compared to participant's usual footwear...
November 11, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
A M Mahon, C MacGilchrist, C McIntosh, T O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus, coined the 'Black Death of the Twenty-First Century', is associated with complications, including foot ulceration with potential loss of limb. There is a need for development of new wound therapies through completion of robust clinical trials. AIMS: To profile demographics and wound characteristics of an Irish cohort with diabetes, forecast eligibility for entry to a clinical trial of advanced wound therapeutics, and adjust criteria to optimize eligibility for enrolment...
October 11, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
A O'Loughlin, E Kellegher, C McCusker, R Canavan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (DCN) is a devastating complication for people with diabetes mellitus. The failure to diagnose DCN and institute treatment in the acute phase leads to permanent deformity and significant morbidity. There is a paucity of data on the prevalence and characteristics of patients who have developed this complication of diabetes. AIMS: To determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with DCN from 2006 to 2012...
October 6, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Karima Belhaj, Soumia Meftah, Laila Mahir, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif Elfatimi
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot includes all foot abnormalities in diabetics; they are secondary to several pathophysiological mechanisms. Few studies have compared the two types of diabetes for podiatric complications. The objective of this work is to make a comparative study of podiatry profile, clinical, optical and electronic podoscopique between insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent (NIDDM). MATERIALS/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study over one year, including diabetic patients who have been made, an optical podocopique review and static and dynamic electronics...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
K Carter, M Lahiri, P P Cheung, A Santosa, K Rome
BACKGROUND: Foot problems are highly prevalent in people with inflammatory arthritis reported from studies in the UK, Europe and New Zealand, but there is limited evidence from Southeast Asia. The study aim was to evaluate the prevalence of foot problems in people with inflammatory arthritis in Singapore. METHODS: People with inflammatory arthritis were recruited from the rheumatology outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in Singapore. Disease and clinical characteristics included age, sex, disease duration, current blood tests and medications...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Marianne D Harris, Susan Kirsh, Patricia A Higgins
Managing diabetes poses substantial challenges to the over 29.1 million Americans afflicted, and is financially overwhelming to the US health care system. One potential strategy is utilizing a group approach to care delivery or shared medical appointment (SMA). The purpose of this 3-year retrospective VA study was to investigate differences in clinical and quality outcome measures in veterans with type 2 diabetes who used SMAs and those who received only usual care (UC) one-on-one with their doctor. This observational, 2-group cohort study used abstracted medical records from a large Midwestern Veterans Administration hospital...
July 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
Savia de Souza, James Galloway, Carol Simpson, Radka Chura, Joanne Dobson, Nicola J Gullick, Sophia Steer, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: Patient involvement is increasingly recognized as important within the UK National Health Service to ensure that services delivered are relevant to users' needs. Organizations are encouraged to work with service users to achieve excellence in care. Patient education can improve health outcomes and reduce health-care costs. Mobile technologies could play a vital role in this. AIM: Patient-centred development of innovative strategies to improve the experience of rheumatology outpatients...
June 27, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Angela Walker
The purpose of this small evaluation on five patients presenting to community podiatry services in Birmingham with foot ulceration was to explore common problems associated with diabetes and other high-risk conditions and illustrate the clinical effectiveness and experience of using a chitosan absorbent gelling fibre dressing (KytoCel®, Aspen Medical). Each of these case studies bought their individual complex issues and complications that affected the healing process. General wound care involved debridement, if required, dressings, pressure redistribution addressing footwear needs, systemic antibiotics where required, and shared care with the multidisciplinary team (MDT) in secondary care where appropriate...
June 23, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Farina Hashmi, Christopher J Nester, Ciaran R F Wright, Sharon Lam
BACKGROUND: Callus is one of the most common foot skin complaints experienced by people of all ages. These painful and unsightly lesions often result in disability. The 'gold standard' of treatment is scalpel debridement by a trained specialist; however, people also seek over-the-counter remedies. There is a lack of clinical evidence for the efficacy of such products, which makes selection by patients and practitioners difficult. METHODS: This randomised, three-armed, parallel, comparative trial aimed to test the efficacy of two home treatments for plantar callus using novel, objective outcome measures (skin hydration using the capacitance method; elasticity using negative pressure application; and surface texture using imaging)...
2016: Trials
Fiona Hawke, Keith Rome, Angela Margaret Evans
BACKGROUND: The complex relationship between foot posture, flexibility, body mass and age in children is not well understood. The objectives of this post hoc analysis were to explore the relationships between foot posture, flexibility, body mass in children aged seven to 15 years. METHODS: Thirty healthy, asymptomatic children (20 girls, 10 boys) aged 7 to 15 years with a mean age (SD) of 10.7 (2.3) years, were recruited through the Auckland University of Technology (AUT) Podiatry Clinic, Auckland, New Zealand...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Marlin W Causey, Ayman Ahmed, Bian Wu, Warren J Gasper, Alex Reyzelman, Shant M Vartanian, Jade S Hiramoto, Michael S Conte
OBJECTIVE: Clinical decision making and accurate outcomes comparisons in advanced limb ischemia require improved staging systems. The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Threatened Limb Classification System (Wound extent, Ischemia, and foot Infection [WIfI]) was designed to stratify limb outcomes based on three major factors-wound extent, ischemia, and foot infection. The Project or Ex-Vivo vein graft Engineering via Transfection III (PREVENT) III (PIII) risk score was developed to stratify patients by expected amputation-free survival (AFS) after surgical revascularization...
June 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
James M Mahoney, Vassilios Vardaxis, Noreen Anwar, Jacob Hagenbucher
BACKGROUND: Direct assessment of health professional student performance of clinical skills can be accurately performed in the standardized performance assessment laboratory (SPAL), typically by health professional faculty. However, owing to time and economic considerations, nonmedical individuals have been specially trained to perform the same function (standardized patients [SPs]). This study compared the assessment scores of the history and physical examination components of a SPAL designed for second-year podiatric medical students at Des Moines University (DMU) by a podiatry medical faculty member and SPs...
March 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Andrea M Mahon, Garrett D Moore, Michael I Gazes, Eileen Chusid, Claire MacGilchrist
Management of diabetes mellitus (DM) involves podiatrists as the primary practitioners engaged in prevention and treatment of lower limb pathology. Patients must first possess adequate knowledge to engage in effective self-management. A knowledge assessment of a DM cohort has never before been conducted in Ireland. The primary research objective was to determine the existence of gaps in specific areas of DM-related knowledge between type 2 DM (T2DM) patients in Galway (GW) and New York (NY). A cross-sectional study compared DM-related knowledge levels between 2 cohorts over a 10-week period...
September 2016: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
Jennifer Sonter, Vivienne Chuter
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease is responsible for impaired health-related quality of life as a consequence of associated morbidity and mortality. The toe brachial index (TBI) provides non-invasive assessment of peripheral arterial health. Lower TBI values have been associated with foot ulceration, amputation and impaired healing, however, the relationship with health-related quality of life has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the TBI and health-related quality of life...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Paul J Kim, Christopher E Attinger, Olayinka Olawoye, Brett D Crist, Allen Gabriel, Robert D Galiano, Subhas Gupta, John C Lantis Ii, Lawrence Lavery, Benjamin A Lipsky, Luc Teot
Negative pressure wound therapy with instillation (NPWTi) and dwell time is an adjunctive treatment modality for selected complex wounds. Because of the greater amount of research now available, a multidisciplinary expert panel comprising the fields of podiatry, plastic and general surgery, burn treatment, infectious diseases, and orthopedics was convened on July 11, 2015, to produce a summary of the data and recommendations on the use of NPWTi. The panel members each reviewed available published literature on NPWTi in the PubMed, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases from 1 January 2012 up until 20 July 2015 using the string search term negative pressure wound therapy instillation provided by the panel moderator; there were no restrictions on the language or type of publication...
December 2015: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Simone Cranage, Helen Banwell, Cylie M Williams
BACKGROUND: Paediatric gait and lower limb assessments are frequently undertaken in podiatry and physiotherapy clinical practice and this is a growing area of expertise within Australia. No concise paediatric standardised recording proforma exists to assist clinicians in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop a gait and lower limb standardised recording proforma guided by the literature and consensus, for assessment of the paediatric foot and lower limb in children aged 0-18 years...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Autumn Bagwell, Abbey Loy, M Shawn McFarland, Amber Tessmer-Neubauer
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case in which persistent plantar warts resolved after a ten-day treatment course of oral acyclovir prescribed for herpes zoster. CASE SUMMARY: A 49 year-old Caucasian female with non-significant past medical history presented to the podiatry clinic for treatment of verrucae. Debridement was performed and monochloroacetic acid was applied to affected areas seven times over seven months. The patient was diagnosed and treated for herpes zoster with acyclovir for ten days...
February 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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