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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920053/smoking-and-lung-cancer-a-geo-regional-perspective
#1
REVIEW
Zahraa Rahal, Shaza El Nemr, Ansam Sinjab, Hassan Chami, Arafat Tfayli, Humam Kadara
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents the most frequently diagnosed subtype of this morbid malignancy. NSCLC is causally linked to tobacco consumption with more than 500 million smokers worldwide at high risk for this fatal malignancy. We are currently lagging in our knowledge of the early molecular (e.g., genomic) effects of smoking in NSCLC pathogenesis that would constitute ideal markers for early detection. This limitation is further amplified when considering the variable etiologic factors in NSCLC pathogenesis among different regions around the globe...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880257/inverse-association-between-cigarette-and-water-pipe-smoking-and-hypertension-in-an-elderly-population-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-programme
#2
M B Mehboudi, I Nabipour, K Vahdat, H Darabi, A Raeisi, N Mehrdad, R Heshmat, G Shafiee, B Larijani, A Ostovar
The collected data in Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) Program which had detailed the data on participants' smoking status and habits, was analysed to investigate the association between smoking of both water pipes and cigarettes and hypertension in an elderly population. Three thousand elderly men and women who participated in the baseline assessment of the BEH Program-a prospective population-based study being conducted in Bushehr, Iran-were selected randomly through a multistage, stratified cluster sampling method...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789981/tobacco-and-nicotine-delivery-product-use-in-a-national-sample-of-pregnant-women
#3
Allison N Kurti, Ryan Redner, Alexa A Lopez, Diana R Keith, Andrea C Villanti, Cassandra A Stanton, Diann E Gaalema, Janice Y Bunn, Nathan J Doogan, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Megan E Roberts, Julie Phillips, Stephen T Higgins
Monitoring use of tobacco products among pregnant women is a public health priority, yet few studies in U.S. national samples have been reported on this topic. We examined prevalence and correlates of using cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other tobacco/nicotine delivery products in a U.S. national sample of pregnant women. Data were obtained from all pregnant women (≥18 years) in the first wave of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH, 2013-2014) Study (N=388). Prevalence of current and prior use of tobacco/nicotine products was examined overall and among current cigarette smokers...
August 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751259/investigation-into-the-risk-of-ultra-low-tar-cigarettes-and-lung-cancer
#4
Peter N Lee, John S Fry, Janette S Hamling
We present analyses relating cigarette type to lung cancer based on a case-control study in five European countries. The analyses involved 3561 cases and 2301 controls with diseases not associated with smoking. Subjects completed a detailed questionnaire, including a lifetime smoking history. Analyses included never smokers, and those who smoked for at least 80% of the "critical period" from 2 to 20 years before diagnosis, ignoring those who ever smoked pipes or cigars, or chewed tobacco. The main analysis compares risk in those who, in the critical period, smoked ultra-low tar (ULT) cigarettes (machine yield ≤3 mg tar/cigarette) for 8 + years, with those who only smoked full flavour (FF) cigarettes (≥10 mg tar/cigarette)...
July 25, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750224/second-hand-smoke-generated-by-combustion-and-electronic-smoking-devices-used-in-real-scenarios-ultrafine-particle-pollution-and-age-related-dose-assessment
#5
Carmela Protano, Maurizio Manigrasso, Pasquale Avino, Matteo Vitali
Aerosol measurements were carried out in a model room where both combustion (conventional and hand-rolled cigarettes, a cigar and tobacco pipe) and non-combustion (e-cigarette and IQOS®) devices were smoked. The data were used to estimate the dose of particles deposited in the respiratory systems of individuals from 3months to 21years of age using the multiple-path particle dosimetry (MPPD) model. Regardless of the smoking device, the highest doses were received by infants, which reached 9.88×10(8)particles/kg bw during a cigar smoking session...
July 24, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746531/effective-tobacco-control-measures-agreement-among-medical-students
#6
Stella Regina Martins, Renato Batista Paceli, Marco Antônio Bussacos, Frederico Leon Arrabal Fernandes, Gustavo Faibischew Prado, Elisa Maria Siqueira Lombardi, Mário Terra-Filho, Ubiratan Paula Santos
Objective: To determine the level of agreement with effective tobacco control measures recommended by the World Health Organization and to assess the attitudes toward, knowledge of, and beliefs regarding smoking among third-year medical students at University of São Paulo School of Medicine, located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Between 2008 and 2012, all third-year medical students were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire based on the Global Health Professionals Student Survey and its additional modules...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738287/perceived-stress-and-poly-tobacco-product-use-across-adolescence-patterns-of-association-and-gender-differences
#7
Adam M Leventhal, Robert Urman, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Nicholas I Goldenson, Katia Gallegos, Chih Ping Chou, Kejia Wang, Kiros Berhane, Tess Boley Cruz, Mary Ann Pentz, Jennifer Unger, Rob S McConnell
Perceived stress-an endophenotype indicative of the tendency to appraise stress as frequent, unpredictable and unmanageable-is associated with adolescent cigarette smoking. It is unclear whether this association: (1) extends to alternative tobacco products, like electronic cigarettes and hookah (tobacco water pipe), which are increasingly popular among youth, and (2) differs by gender. In this report, data were drawn from a population-based longitudinal cohort of youth in Southern California. Perceived stress was assessed at baseline (7th or 8th grade; 2010)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729198/e-cigarette-awareness-perceived-harmfulness-and-ever-use-among-u-s-adults
#8
Irene Pericot-Valverde, Diann E Gaalema, Jeffrey S Priest, Stephen T Higgins
The overarching aims of this study are to (a) estimate and update knowledge on rates and predictors of awareness, perceived harmfulness, and ever use of e-cigarettes among U.S. adults and (b) to utilize that information to identify risk-factor profiles associated with ever use. Data were collected from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (N=3738). Logistic regression was used to explore relationships between sociodemographics (gender, age, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, educational attainment, income, and census region), current use of other tobacco products (conventional cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco), ever use of alternative products (hookah, pipes, roll-your-own cigarettes, and snus) and e-cigarette awareness, perceived harm, and ever use...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713104/oral-health-hazards-of-water-pipe-smoking-current-evidence
#9
A Thirumal Raj, Shankargouda Patil, Sachin Sarode, Gargi Sarode
Water pipe smoking (WPS) has been a traditional habit in the Middle Eastern Society for hundreds of years. The WPS users have a false sense of safety due to its casual use in social gatherings. It was estimated that about 70% of WPS users believe it to be a safe alternative to cigarette smoking.(1) Further, the use of flavored tobacco has led to its growing popularity, especially among youngsters.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671481/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-patterns-of-waterpipe-use-among-jordanian-adults-who-exclusively-smoke-waterpipes
#10
Nidal F Eshah, Erika S Froelicher
BACKGROUND: Widespread waterpipe smoking (WPS) is reported worldwide. Although remarkable numbers of waterpipe smokers do not smoke cigarettes, very few studies have explored the phenomenon of WPS in people who smoke water pipes exclusively. The aim of this study was to assess levels of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and patterns of WPS among Jordanian waterpipe-only smokers. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used; with 247 participants who were recruited through convenience sampling from 23 cafés offering waterpipes...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666203/understanding-experiences-of-and-rationales-for-sharing-crack-smoking-equipment-a-qualitative-study-with-persons-who-smoke-crack-in-montr%C3%A3-al
#11
Hélène Poliquin, Karine Bertrand, Jorge Flores-Aranda, Élise Roy
BACKGROUND: The distribution of safer crack-smoking equipment has been implemented in several Canadian cities to reduce potential health risks such as transmission of blood borne viruses (BBV). Little is known about the perspectives of persons who smoke crack (PWSC) on sharing crack-smoking materials or using in settings where safer crack-smoking equipment is provided. This paper presents data from the perspective of PWSC in Montréal on their experiences of, and rationales for, sharing crack-smoking equipment, in light of the risks of BBV transmission...
October 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605482/substantial-toxic-effect-of-water-pipe-smoking-on-the-early-stage-of-embryonic-development
#12
Anas A Ashour, Mahmoud Y Haik, Khaled W Sadek, Huseyin C Yalcin, Joanna Bitharas, Tahar Aboulkassim, Gerald Batist, Amber Yasmeen, Ala-Eddin Al Moustafa
Background: Water-pipe smoking (WPS) is the most widespread tobacco use in the Middle-East, and is rapidly spreading globally. Smoke from WP contains most of the compounds present in cigarette smoke, although in different proportions. WPS is associated with the risk of several human diseases; however, its impact on the early stage of normal development has not been investigated yet. Thus, in this investigation, we assess the effect of WPS on the embryo at the early stage of development...
June 12, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552942/measuring-cannabis-consumption-psychometric-properties-of-the-daily-sessions-frequency-age-of-onset-and-quantity-of-cannabis-use-inventory-dfaq-cu
#13
Carrie Cuttler, Alexander Spradlin
OBJECTIVE: We created the Daily Sessions, Frequency, Age of Onset, and Quantity of Cannabis Use Inventory (DFAQ-CU) because the current lack of psychometrically sound inventories for measuring these dimensions of cannabis use has impeded research on the effects of cannabis in humans. METHOD: A sample of 2,062 cannabis users completed the DFAQ-CU and was used to assess the DFAQ-CU's factor structure and reliability. To assess validity, a subsample of 645 participants completed additional measures of cannabis dependence and problems (Marijuana Smoking History Questionnaire [MSHQ], Timeline Followback [TLFB], Cannabis Abuse Screening Test [CAST], Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test Revised [CUDIT-R], Cannabis Use Problems Identification Test [CUPIT], and Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test [AUDIT])...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523209/using-online-respondent-driven-sampling-for-vietnamese-youths-alcohol-use-and-associated-risk-factors
#14
Melvyn W B Zhang, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Hoang Long, Huong Thi Le, Nguyen Duc Hinh, Tran Dinh Tho, Bao Nguyen Le, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Chau Ngo, Nguyen Huu Tu, Carl A Latkin, Roger Cm Ho
OBJECTIVES: The average alcohol consumption per capita among Vietnamese adults has consistently increased. Although alcohol-related disorders have been extensively studied, there is a paucity of research shedding light on this issue among Internet users. The study aimed to examine the severity of alcohol-related disorders and other associated factors that might predispose individuals towards alcohol usage in a sample of youths recruited online. METHODS: An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,080 Vietnamese youths...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510465/cigarette-and-water-pipe-use-in-iran-geographical-distribution-and-time-trends-among-the-adult-population-a-pooled-analysis-of-national-steps-surveys-2006-2009
#15
Saeed Nemati, Ali Rafei, Neal D Freedman, Akbar Fotouhi, Fereshteh Asgary, Kazem Zendehdel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the geographical distribution and time trends of manufactured cigarette and water-pipe use among Iranian adult population. METHOD: Pooled data from four consecutive nationally and provincially representative STEPS surveys, 2006-2009, were analyzed. Prevalence of current daily manufactured cigarette smokers, current daily water-pipe and current daily dual users and associated 95%CIs were estimated using complex sample analysis techniques. RESULTS: Overall, the prevalence of current daily tobacco use, including cigarette and water-pipe, was estimated 23...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494810/education-and-equipment-for-people-who-smoke-crack-cocaine-in-canada-progress-and-limits
#16
Carol Strike, Tara Marie Watson
BACKGROUND: People who smoke crack cocaine experience a wide variety of health-related issues. However, public health programming designed for this population is limited, particularly in comparison with programming for people who inject drugs. Canadian best practice recommendations encourage needle and syringe programs (NSPs) to provide education about safer crack cocaine smoking practices, distribute safer smoking equipment, and provide options for safer disposal of used equipment. METHODS: We conducted an online survey of NSP managers across Canada to estimate the proportions of NSPs that provide education and distribute safer smoking equipment to people who smoke crack cocaine...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458121/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-water-pipe-smoking-in-canada-results-from-the-canadian-tobacco-use-monitoring-survey
#17
P Abdullah, C Costanian, N Khanlou, H Tamim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of water-pipe smoking (WPS) nationally in Canada. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey 2011 and 2012 was used. Outcomes investigated were ever and current WPS. Demographic, socio-economic and smoking-related variables were included in a multivariable logistic regression model to determine associations with the outcomes...
July 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437650/indoor-to-outdoor-relationship-of-aerosol-particles-inside-a-naturally-ventilated-apartment-a-comparison-between-single-parameter-analysis-and-indoor-aerosol-model-simulation
#18
Tareq Hussein
The indoor-to-outdoor relationship of aerosol particles is affected by several mechanisms including penetration, ventilation rate, dry deposition rate and sources. Understanding the effect of these factors is essential for a deeper knowledge of the indoor-to-outdoor relationship. In real-life conditions, it is difficult to analyze these factors in a naturally ventilated environment. In this study, a naturally ventilated and an occupied apartment was used to investigate the indoor-to-outdoor relationship of aerosol particles by applying two different techniques; single-parameter analysis and indoor aerosol model simulation...
April 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436706/tobacco-use-and-attachment-style-in-appalachia
#19
Mary Heath Wise, Florence Weierbach, Yan Cao, Ken Phillips
Tobacco has been recognized as the number one cause of preventable death in America and results in almost 5.2 million years of potential life lost each year. The use of tobacco products is highly correlated with pulmonary disease, cardiovascular disease, and other forms of chronic illness in America. New tobacco products are trending in the tobacco market such as the water pipe/hookah and e-cigarettes. With e-cigarettes and other newer forms of tobacco on the rise, it is important to look at the underlying factors for using all kinds of tobacco products as a means of prevention...
April 24, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431548/water-pipe-smoke-condensate-increases-the-internalization-of-mycobacterium-bovis-of-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-a549
#20
Esmaeil Mortaz, Shamila D Alipoor, Masoud Movassaghi, Mohammad Varahram, Jahangir Ghorbani, Gert Folkerts, Johan Garssen, Ian M Adcock
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem, and there is an association between tobacco smoke and TB. Water pipe smoking has become an increasing problem not only in Middle Eastern countries but also globally because users consider it as safer than cigarettes. The presence of high levels of toxic substances in water-pipe smoke may be a predisposing factor that enhances the incidence of pulmonary disorders. For example, uncontrolled macropinocytosis in alveolar epithelial cells following exposure to water-pipe smoke may predispose subjects to pulmonary infection...
April 21, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
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