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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140450/smoking-cessation-delivery-by-general-practitioners-in-crete-greece
#1
Charis Girvalaki, Sophia Papadakis, Constantine Vardavas, Eleni Petridou, Andrew Pipe, Christos Lionis
Background: Tobacco dependence treatment in clinical settings is of prime public health importance, especially in Greece, a country experiencing one of the highest rates of tobacco use in Europe. Methods: Our study aimed to examine the characteristics of tobacco users and document rates of tobacco treatment delivery in general practice settings in Crete, Greece. A cross-sectional sample of patients (n = 2, 261) was screened for current tobacco use in 25 general practices in Crete, Greece in 2015/16...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129463/patterns-of-e-cigarette-use-frequency-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2012-2014
#2
Saida R Sharapova, Tushar Singh, Israel T Agaku, Sara M Kennedy, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Accounting for occasional or intermittent e-cigarette use has yielded higher estimates of current use among U.S. adults. However, frequency of e-cigarette use by population subgroups is not well described. This study assessed e-cigarette use frequency by sociodemographic characteristics and other tobacco product use among U.S. adults. METHODS: This study analyzed combined data from the 2012-2013 (n=60,192) and 2013-2014 (n=75,233) National Adult Tobacco Survey, a telephone-based survey of U...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#3
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093578/deteriorations-of-pulmonary-function-elevated-carbon-monoxide-levels-and-increased-oxidative-stress-amongst-water-pipe-smokers
#4
Funda Karaduman Yalcin, Mukremin Er, H Canan Hasanoglu, Hatice Kilic, Aysegul Senturk, Aysegul Karalezli, Merve Ergin, Ozcan Erel
OBJECTIVES: A water pipe (hookah) is a tobacco smoking tool which is thought to be more harmless than a cigarette, and there are no adequate studies about its hazards to health. Water-pipe smoking is threatening health of the youth in the world today. The objective of this study has been to investigate the carbon monoxide (CO) levels in breath, examine the changes in pulmonary function tests (PFT) and to assess the change of the oxidative stress parameters in blood after smoking a water pipe...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072865/tobacco-use-among-working-adults-united-states-2014-2016
#5
Girija Syamlal, Brian A King, Jacek M Mazurek
Cigarette smoking has declined considerably among U.S. adults over several decades (1); however, increases have occurred in the use of noncigarette tobacco products in recent years, and the use of multiple tobacco products has become common among current users of noncigarette tobacco products (2,3). Differences in tobacco use have also been observed across population subgroups, including among working adults (2,4). CDC analyzed National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) data for 2014-2016 to describe the most recent prevalence estimates of current (every day or some days) tobacco product use among working U...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051432/drug-vaping-from-the-dangers-of-misuse-to-new-therapeutic-devices
#6
V Varlet
Users of e-cigarettes are unwitting volunteers participating in a worldwide epidemiological study. Because of the obvious benefits of e-cigarettes compared with traditional cigarette smoking, these electronic devices have been introduced all around the world to support tobacco smoking cessation. Same potential harm reduction could be considered by cannabis vaping for marijuana smokers. However, the toxicities of liquids and aerosols remain under investigation because although the use of e-cigarettes is likely to be less harmful than traditional cigarette smoking, trace levels of contaminants have been identified...
December 16, 2016: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022679/brand-awareness-and-access-to-cigarettes-among-children-8-12-years-old-in-the-czech-republic
#7
Jarmila Kučerová, Jiří Rameš, Keely Fraser, Eva Králíková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess smoking behaviour, knowledge of cigarette brands and access to cigarettes among children 8-12 years old in the Czech Republic. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2012, a cross sectional survey was conducted among 4,439 children aged 8-12 years attending 51 primary schools in Prague and Central Bohemia, Czech Republic. Data including age, gender, ever smoking, parental and sibling smoking, knowledge of cigarette brands, sources of cigarettes, and smoking frequency were collected...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974829/the-influence-of-smoking-on-the-variations-in-carboxyhemoglobin-and-methemoglobin-during-urologic-surgery
#8
Aleksandra Gavrilovska-Brzanov, Mirjana Shosholcheva, Biljana Kuzmanovska, Andrijan Kartalov, Maja Mojsova-Mijovska, Marija Jovanovski-Srceva, Gordana Taleska, Nikola Brzanov, Risto Simeonov, Maja Slaninka Miceska
INTRODUCTION: Surgery is supposed to modulate the production of carbon monoxide by the reduction of heme oxygenase activity or transcriptional regulation of inducible heme oxygenase. On the other hand, the inhalation of tobacco smoke can substantially raise the level of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood. Furthermore, methemoglobin is maintained at a constant level. However, excessive production of methemoglobin relative to total methemoglobin reductase activity results in methemoglobin increase...
June 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972007/association-between-cigar-or-pipe-smoking-and-cancer-risk-in-men-a-pooled-analysis-of-five-cohort-studies
#9
Jyoti Malhotra, Claire Borron, Neal D Freedman, Christian C Abnet, Piet A van den Brandt, Emily White, Roger L Milne, Graham G Giles, Paolo Boffetta
INTRODUCTION: Use of non-cigarette tobacco products such as cigars and pipe has been increasing even though these products entail exposure to similar carcinogens to those in cigarettes. More research is needed to explore the risk of these products to guide cancer prevention efforts. METHODS: To measure the association between cigars and/or pipe smoking, and cancer incidence in men, we performed meta-analyses of data from five prospective cohorts. Cox regression was used to evaluate the association between different aspects of cigars and pipe smoking and risk of each smoking-related cancer (head & neck, esophagus, lung, stomach, liver, pancreas, kidney, bladder) for each study...
September 28, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961439/chemical-characterization-and-safety-assessment-of-dokha-an-emerging-alternative-tobacco-product
#10
Yehya Elsayed, Sarah Dalibalta, Maissam El Kouche
Dokha is known to be one of the most rapidly spreading alternative tobacco products (ATPs) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It is smoked using a pipe known as Midwakh. There is no scientific research published on the chemical composition of dokha and only very little was done to investigate its impact on human health. Three different types of dokha were included in this study. The trace metals content in the dokha samples were analyzed using inductively-coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy-scanning electron microscope...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920053/smoking-and-lung-cancer-a-geo-regional-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Zahraa Rahal, Shaza El Nemr, Ansam Sinjab, Hassan Chami, Arafat Tfayli, Humam Kadara
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) represents the most frequently diagnosed subtype of this morbid malignancy. NSCLC is causally linked to tobacco consumption with more than 500 million smokers worldwide at high risk for this fatal malignancy. We are currently lagging in our knowledge of the early molecular (e.g., genomic) effects of smoking in NSCLC pathogenesis that would constitute ideal markers for early detection. This limitation is further amplified when considering the variable etiologic factors in NSCLC pathogenesis among different regions around the globe...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880257/inverse-association-between-cigarette-and-water-pipe-smoking-and-hypertension-in-an-elderly-population-in-iran-bushehr-elderly-health-programme
#12
M B Mehboudi, I Nabipour, K Vahdat, H Darabi, A Raeisi, N Mehrdad, R Heshmat, G Shafiee, B Larijani, A Ostovar
The collected data in Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) Program which had detailed the data on participants' smoking status and habits, was analysed to investigate the association between smoking of both water pipes and cigarettes and hypertension in an elderly population. Three thousand elderly men and women who participated in the baseline assessment of the BEH Program-a prospective population-based study being conducted in Bushehr, Iran-were selected randomly through a multistage, stratified cluster sampling method...
December 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789981/tobacco-and-nicotine-delivery-product-use-in-a-national-sample-of-pregnant-women
#13
Allison N Kurti, Ryan Redner, Alexa A Lopez, Diana R Keith, Andrea C Villanti, Cassandra A Stanton, Diann E Gaalema, Janice Y Bunn, Nathan J Doogan, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Megan E Roberts, Julie Phillips, Stephen T Higgins
Monitoring use of tobacco products among pregnant women is a public health priority, yet few studies in U.S. national samples have been reported on this topic. We examined prevalence and correlates of using cigarettes, e-cigarettes, and other tobacco/nicotine delivery products in a U.S. national sample of pregnant women. Data were obtained from all pregnant women (≥18 years) in the first wave of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH, 2013-2014) Study (N=388). Prevalence of current and prior use of tobacco/nicotine products was examined overall and among current cigarette smokers...
August 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751259/investigation-into-the-risk-of-ultra-low-tar-cigarettes-and-lung-cancer
#14
Peter N Lee, John S Fry, Janette S Hamling
We present analyses relating cigarette type to lung cancer based on a case-control study in five European countries. The analyses involved 3561 cases and 2301 controls with diseases not associated with smoking. Subjects completed a detailed questionnaire, including a lifetime smoking history. Analyses included never smokers, and those who smoked for at least 80% of the "critical period" from 2 to 20 years before diagnosis, ignoring those who ever smoked pipes or cigars, or chewed tobacco. The main analysis compares risk in those who, in the critical period, smoked ultra-low tar (ULT) cigarettes (machine yield ≤3 mg tar/cigarette) for 8 + years, with those who only smoked full flavour (FF) cigarettes (≥10 mg tar/cigarette)...
July 25, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750224/second-hand-smoke-generated-by-combustion-and-electronic-smoking-devices-used-in-real-scenarios-ultrafine-particle-pollution-and-age-related-dose-assessment
#15
Carmela Protano, Maurizio Manigrasso, Pasquale Avino, Matteo Vitali
Aerosol measurements were carried out in a model room where both combustion (conventional and hand-rolled cigarettes, a cigar and tobacco pipe) and non-combustion (e-cigarette and IQOS®) devices were smoked. The data were used to estimate the dose of particles deposited in the respiratory systems of individuals from 3months to 21years of age using the multiple-path particle dosimetry (MPPD) model. Regardless of the smoking device, the highest doses were received by infants, which reached 9.88×10(8)particles/kg bw during a cigar smoking session...
October 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746531/effective-tobacco-control-measures-agreement-among-medical-students
#16
Stella Regina Martins, Renato Batista Paceli, Marco Antônio Bussacos, Frederico Leon Arrabal Fernandes, Gustavo Faibischew Prado, Elisa Maria Siqueira Lombardi, Mário Terra-Filho, Ubiratan Paula Santos
Objective: To determine the level of agreement with effective tobacco control measures recommended by the World Health Organization and to assess the attitudes toward, knowledge of, and beliefs regarding smoking among third-year medical students at University of São Paulo School of Medicine, located in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Between 2008 and 2012, all third-year medical students were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire based on the Global Health Professionals Student Survey and its additional modules...
May 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738287/perceived-stress-and-poly-tobacco-product-use-across-adolescence-patterns-of-association-and-gender-differences
#17
Adam M Leventhal, Robert Urman, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Nicholas I Goldenson, Katia Gallegos, Chih Ping Chou, Kejia Wang, Kiros Berhane, Tess Boley Cruz, Mary Ann Pentz, Jennifer Unger, Rob S McConnell
Perceived stress-an endophenotype indicative of the tendency to appraise stress as frequent, unpredictable and unmanageable-is associated with adolescent cigarette smoking. It is unclear whether this association: (1) extends to alternative tobacco products, like electronic cigarettes and hookah (tobacco water pipe), which are increasingly popular among youth, and (2) differs by gender. In this report, data were drawn from a population-based longitudinal cohort of youth in Southern California. Perceived stress was assessed at baseline (7th or 8th grade; 2010)...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729198/e-cigarette-awareness-perceived-harmfulness-and-ever-use-among-u-s-adults
#18
Irene Pericot-Valverde, Diann E Gaalema, Jeffrey S Priest, Stephen T Higgins
The overarching aims of this study are to (a) estimate and update knowledge on rates and predictors of awareness, perceived harmfulness, and ever use of e-cigarettes among U.S. adults and (b) to utilize that information to identify risk-factor profiles associated with ever use. Data were collected from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (N=3738). Logistic regression was used to explore relationships between sociodemographics (gender, age, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, educational attainment, income, and census region), current use of other tobacco products (conventional cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco), ever use of alternative products (hookah, pipes, roll-your-own cigarettes, and snus) and e-cigarette awareness, perceived harm, and ever use...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713104/oral-health-hazards-of-water-pipe-smoking-current-evidence
#19
A Thirumal Raj, Shankargouda Patil, Sachin Sarode, Gargi Sarode
Water pipe smoking (WPS) has been a traditional habit in the Middle Eastern Society for hundreds of years. The WPS users have a false sense of safety due to its casual use in social gatherings. It was estimated that about 70% of WPS users believe it to be a safe alternative to cigarette smoking.(1) Further, the use of flavored tobacco has led to its growing popularity, especially among youngsters.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671481/knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-patterns-of-waterpipe-use-among-jordanian-adults-who-exclusively-smoke-waterpipes
#20
Nidal F Eshah, Erika S Froelicher
BACKGROUND: Widespread waterpipe smoking (WPS) is reported worldwide. Although remarkable numbers of waterpipe smokers do not smoke cigarettes, very few studies have explored the phenomenon of WPS in people who smoke water pipes exclusively. The aim of this study was to assess levels of knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and patterns of WPS among Jordanian waterpipe-only smokers. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used; with 247 participants who were recruited through convenience sampling from 23 cafés offering waterpipes...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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