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pipe smoking

Peter N Lee, Alison J Thornton, Barbara A Forey, Jan S Hamling
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to review the epidemiological evidence relating environmental tobacco smoke exposure to stroke in never smokers. METHODS: The study is similar to our review in 2006, with searches extended to March 2016. RESULTS: Twelve further studies were identified. A total of 28 studies varied considerably in design, exposure indices used, and disease definition. Based on 39 sex-specific estimates and the exposure index current spousal exposure (or nearest equivalent), the meta-analysis gave an overall fixed-effect relative risk estimate of 1...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Arham Zavery, Faisal Qureshi, Arbaz Riaz, Fatima Pervez, Nousheen Iqbal, Javaid A Khan
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of shisha smoking; its associated factors and awareness among medical students of Karachi, Pakistan following the imposition of nationwide shisha ban. A cross sectional study was conducted among medical students of two medical universities, namely Sindh Medical College and Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan from October till December 2014. A total of 422 participants were included. Data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire. The mean age was 21 ± 1...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Robert D Reid, Gillian Pritchard, Kathryn Walker, Debbie Aitken, Kerri-Anne Mullen, Andrew L Pipe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Paul T Harrell, Syeda Mahrukh H Naqvi, Andrew D Plunk, Ming Ji, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Despite significant declines in youth cigarette smoking, overall tobacco usage remains over 20% as non-cigarette tobacco product usage is increasingly common and polytobacco use (using 1+ tobacco product) remains steady. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to identify patterns of youth tobacco use and examine associations with sociodemographic characteristics and tobacco dependence. METHODS: The current analysis uses Latent Class Analysis (LCA) to examine the 6,958 tobacco users (n = 2,738 female) in the National Youth Tobacco Survey (2012 and 2013)...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polanska, Leokadia Bak-Romaniszyn, Piotr Wojtysiak
The perceived health risk of recently introduced nicotine and tobacco products may influence both their uptake and continued use. The aim of the study was to assess how adolescents rate relative harmfulness of slim and menthol cigarettes, water pipes, e-cigarettes, and smokeless tobacco compared to regular cigarettes. Cross-sectional survey data from students aged 13-19 years from Piotrkowski district, Poland were analyzed. Among the sample of 4050 students, 3552 respondents completed anonymous, confidential, self-administered questionnaire adapted from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS)...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sónia D Coelho, M Ramiro Pastorinho, Takaaki Itai, Tomohiko Isobe, Tatsuya Kunisue, António J A Nogueira, Shinsuke Tanabe, Ana C A Sousa
Lead is a naturally occurring element that with the advent of the industrial era became a serious environmental and public health issue. Leaded gasoline, lead based paints, use of lead in plumbing and water pipes, ceramics with lead-containing glazes and tobacco smoke are potential sources of lead exposure for humans. Despite these multiple sources, food is still considered the most important one for the general non-smoking population. Hence, in the present study, the dietary intake of lead was determined in duplicate diet samples provided by 30 participants working or studying at University of Aveiro, Portugal...
August 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Kathryn M Wilson, Sarah C Markt, Fang Fang, Caroline Nordenvall, Jennifer R Rider, Weimin Ye, Hans-Olov Adami, Pär Stattin, Olof Nyrén, Lorelei A Mucci
Smoking is associated with prostate cancer mortality. The Scandinavian smokeless tobacco product snus is a source of nicotine but not the combustion products of smoke and has not been studied with respect to prostate cancer survival. The study is nested among 9,582 men with incident prostate cancer within a prospective cohort of 336,381 Swedish construction workers. Information on tobacco use was collected at study entry between 1971 and 1992, and categorized into (i) never users of any tobacco, (ii) exclusive snus: ever users of snus only, (iii) exclusive smokers: ever smokers (cigarette, cigar and/or pipe) only and (iv) ever users of both snus and smoking...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Louise Balfour, Stephanie A Wiebe, William D Cameron, Daniella Sandre, Andrew Pipe, Curtis Cooper, Jonathan Angel, Gary Garber, Crystal Holly, Tracy L Dalgleish, Giorgio A Tasca, Paul A MacPherson
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) rates among people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs) are high. Rates of cigarette smoking, a leading contributor to CVD among PHAs, are 40-70% (2-3 times higher than the general population). Furthermore, PHAs have high rates of depression (40-60%), a risk factor for smoking cessation relapse. The current pilot study examined the effectiveness of a specifically tailored 5-session smoking cessation counselling programme for PHAs, which addressed depression, in combination with Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) in a cohort of PHA smokers (n = 50)...
July 19, 2016: AIDS Care
Johanne Harvey, Nicholas Chadi
In recent years, youth have been exposed to a broader spectrum of tobacco products including smokeless tobacco, hookah (water pipe) and e-cigarettes. Despite active local, provincial/territorial and national prevention strategies and legislated controls, thousands of teenagers develop an addiction to tobacco products each year. Current and available smoking cessation interventions for youth have the potential to help teens stop smoking and, as a result, greatly reduce Canada's health burden in the future. Paediatricians and health care professionals can play a key role in helping teens make informed decisions related to tobacco consumption and cessation...
May 2016: Paediatrics & Child Health
Mohamad Musbah Almedawar, Jason Leo Walsh, Hussain A Isma'eel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Smoking tobacco using a water pipe is becoming more prevalent globally, particularly amongst younger populations. In addition to its growing popularity, more evidence is emerging regarding associated harm, and several misconceptions exist concerning the likely adverse health effects of waterpipe smoking (WPS). It is timely, therefore, to examine the body of evidence linking WPS to coronary artery disease (CAD). Here, we review the direct evidence linking WPS to CAD and examine additional, indirect evidence of associated harm...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Cardiology
Z Moatemri, H Zaibi, S Dabboussi, S Mhamedi, C Aichaouia, M Khadhraoui, R Cheikh
Respiratory toxicity of cannabis is well-known today particularly with the new consumption patterns. We report the case of a 25-year-old man admitted for haemoptysis, with unfavourable outcome and acute respiratory failure. Various explorations concluded to acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to diffuse alveolar haemorrhage. Etiological assessment was initially negative. Outcome was favourable during hospitalization, authorizing the discharge of our patient. Two days later, alveolar haemorrhage recur, with positive toxicological tests for cannabis and the patient admits smoking cannabis by plastic "bang"...
July 12, 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
S Sean Hu, Linda Neff, Israel T Agaku, Shanna Cox, Hannah R Day, Enver Holder-Hayes, Brian A King
While significant declines in cigarette smoking have occurred among U.S. adults during the past 5 decades, the use of emerging tobacco products* has increased in recent years (1-3). To estimate tobacco use among U.S. adults aged ≥18 years, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS). During 2013-2014, 21.3% of U.S. adults used a tobacco product every day or some days, and 25.5% of U.S. adults used a tobacco product every day, some days, or rarely...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Mischa Veen
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide-related symptoms caused by water pipe smoking may be a frequent occurrence. This might often be overlooked, because patients will not always identify the smoke exposure as the cause of their presenting complaints and may well withhold this information. CASE REPORT: A series of three patients who were 15 to 28 years of age presented to the emergency department with nonspecific symptoms and were found to have carbon monoxide poisoning from water pipe smoking...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Daniel S Moran, Maysoon Essa, Halima Badir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Avelardo Valdez, Kathryn M Nowotny, Nalini Negi, Eduardo Zafra Mora, Alice Cepeda
During the past decade, crack smoking has increased in Mexico among poor urban populations. Despite this increasing prevalence, little is known about the types of paraphernalia used and related sharing practices and physical harms. Data come from in-depth semi-structured interviews and observations with 156 current crack smokers in Mexico City. Findings reveal a complex, crack-smoking process in Mexico City that represents an interconnected structure of paraphernalia items and pipes that could contribute to detrimental health consequences...
September 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Laura Krause, Christine Anding, Panagiotis Kamtsiuris
The term health behaviour combines both health-promoting and health-risk components. In this study, the health behaviour of children and adolescents in Thuringia is analysed. The database was a representative subsample of the federal state module Thuringia, which was conducted by the Robert Koch Institute as part of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS) wave 1 (2010-2012; n = 4,096; 3-17 years). Health behaviour was described based on nine indicators: fruit and vegetable consumption, soft drink consumption, breakfast at home, physical activity, sport, swimming ability, alcohol consumption, smoking and water pipe consumption (shisha smoking)...
August 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Rachel J Keith, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Christopher Carruba, Natasha De Jarnett, John W McEvoy, Aruni Bhatnagar, Michael J Blaha, Andrew P Defilippis
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use is associated with insulin resistance and incident diabetes. Given the racial/ethnic differences in smoking patterns and incident type 2 diabetes our objective was to evaluate the association between tobacco use and insulin resistance (IR) as well as incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in a contemporary multiethnic cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 5,931 Multi- Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) participants who at baseline were free of type 2 diabetes (fasting glucose ≥7...
2016: PloS One
Anne Betzner, Raymond G Boyle, Ann W St Claire
Cigarette tax increases result in a reduced demand for cigarettes and increased efforts by smokers to reduce their cost of smoking. Less is known about how smokers think about their expenditures for cigarettes and the possible mechanisms that underlie price-minimizing behaviors. In-depth longitudinal interviews were conducted with Minnesota smokers to explore the factors that influence smokers' decisions one month prior to a $1.75 cigarette tax increase and again one and three months after the increase. A total of 42 were sampled with 35 completed interviews at all three time points, resulting in 106 interviews across all participants at all time points...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rosalyn Singleton, Aaron J Salkoski, Lisa Bulkow, Chris Fish, Jennifer Dobson, Leif Albertson, Jennifer Skarada, Thomas Kovesi, Christy McDonald, Thomas W Hennessy, Troy Ritter
Alaska Native children experience high rates of respiratory infections and conditions. Household crowding, indoor smoke, lack of piped water, and poverty have been associated with respiratory infections. We describe the baseline household characteristics of children with severe or chronic lung disease participating in a 2012-2015 indoor air study. We monitored indoor PM2.5, CO2 , relative humidity %, temperature and VOCs, and interviewed caregivers about children's respiratory symptoms. We evaluated the association between reported children's respiratory symptoms and indoor air quality indicators using multiple logistic regression analysis...
June 18, 2016: Indoor Air
Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Robert Urman, Kiros Berhane, Jennifer B Unger, Tess Boley Cruz, Mary Ann Pentz, Jonathan M Samet, Adam M Leventhal, Rob McConnell
BACKGROUND: There has been little research examining whether e-cigarette use increases the risk of cigarette initiation among adolescents in the transition to adulthood when the sale of cigarettes becomes legal. METHODS: The Children's Health Study is a prospectively followed cohort in Southern California. Data on e-cigarette use were collected in 11th and 12th grade (mean age = 17.4); follow-up data on tobacco product use were collected an average of 16 months later from never-smoking e-cigarette users at initial evaluation (n = 146) and from a sample of never-smoking, never e-cigarette users (n = 152) frequency matched to e-cigarette users on gender, ethnicity, and grade...
July 2016: Pediatrics
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