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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253242/oral-cancer-risk-factors-in-new-zealand
#1
Muhammed Yakin, Ratu Osea Gavidi, Brian Cox, Alison Rich
Oral cancer constitutes the majority of head and neck cancers, which are the fifth most common malignancy worldwide, accounting for an estimated 984,430 cases in 2012. Between 2000 and 2010, there were 1,916 cases of OSCC in New Zealand with a male to female ratio of 1.85:1, and an age-standardised incidence rate of 42 persons per 1,000,000 population. This article presents an overview of the main risk factors for oral and oropharyngeal cancers and their prevalence in New Zealand. Alcohol consumption is the most prevalent risk factor in New Zealand, followed by tobacco...
March 3, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253085/water-pipe-shisha-hookah-arghile-smoking-and-secondhand-tobacco-smoke-effects-on-cyp1a2-and-cyp2a6-phenotypes-as-measured-by-caffeine-urine-test
#2
Şenay Görücü Yılmaz, Adrián Llerena, Fernando De Andrés, Ümit Karakaş, Hasan Gündoğar, Kamile Erciyas, Sabit Kimyon, Alper Mete, Kıvanç Güngör, Vural Özdemir
Public policies to stop or reduce cigarette smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke and associated diseases have yielded successful results over the past decade. Yet, the growing worldwide popularity of another form of tobacco consumption, water pipe smoking, has received relatively less attention. To the best of our knowledge, no study to date has evaluated the effects of water pipe smoking on cytochrome P450 (CYP450) activities and drug interaction potential in humans, whereas only limited information is available on the impact of secondhand smoke on drug metabolism...
March 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245471/water-pipe-smoke-exposure-induced-circulatory-disturbances-in-mice-and-the-influence-of-betaine-supplementation-thereon
#3
Abderrahim Nemmar, Suhail Al-Salam, Sumaya Beegam, Priya Yuvaraju, Abderrahim Oulhaj, Badreldin H Ali
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It has been shown, both experimentally and clinically, that water-pipe smoke (WPS) exposure adversely affects the cardiovascular system (CVS) through the generation of oxidative stress and inflammation. Betaine, a naturally occurring compound in common foods, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions. However, its potential to mitigate the adverse effect of WPS on the CVS has never been reported before. This is the subject of this study in mice. METHODS: Mice were exposed daily for 30 min to either normal air (control), or to WPS for two consecutive weeks...
February 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182446/factor-structure-of-the-smoking-cessation-self-efficacy-questionnaire-among-smokers-with-and-without-a-psychiatric-diagnosis
#4
Matthew Clyde, Andrew Pipe, Charl Els, Robert Reid, Heather Tulloch
Cessation self-efficacy has been shown to be a consistent predictor of smoking cessation outcomes. To date, no scale assessing cessation self-efficacy has been validated across smokers with and without a psychiatric diagnosis (current or past). Smokers with a psychiatric diagnosis are typically heavy smokers, have a more difficult time quitting, and are more prone to experience lower self-efficacy. Determining whether smoking cessation self-efficacy scores are invariant across these populations is crucial for future research and intervention strategies...
March 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158995/declining-rates-of-health-problems-associated-with-crack-smoking-during-the-expansion-of-crack-pipe-distribution-in-vancouver-canada
#5
Amy Prangnell, Huiru Dong, Patricia Daly, M J Milloy, Thomas Kerr, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Crack cocaine smoking is associated with an array of negative health consequences, including cuts and burns from unsafe pipes, and infectious diseases such as HIV. Despite the well-established and researched harm reduction programs for injection drug users, little is known regarding the potential for harm reduction programs targeting crack smoking to reduce health problems from crack smoking. In the wake of recent crack pipe distribution services expansion, we utilized data from long running cohort studies to estimate the impact of crack pipe distribution services on the rates of health problems associated with crack smoking in Vancouver, Canada...
February 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143462/a-study-on-the-influence-of-internet-addiction-and-online-interpersonal-influences-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-vietnamese
#6
Bach Xuan Tran, Le Thi Huong, Nguyen Duc Hinh, Long Hoang Nguyen, Bao Nguyen Le, Vuong Minh Nong, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Tran Dinh Tho, Carl Latkin, Melvyn Wb Zhang, Roger Cm Ho
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction (IA) is a common problem found in young Asians. This study aimed to study the influence of IA and online activities on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in young Vietnamese. This study also compared the frequencies of anxiety, depression and other addiction of young Vietnamese with and without IA. METHODS: This study recruited 566 young Vietnamese (56.7% female, 43.3% male) ranging from 15 to 25 years of age via the respondent-driven sampling technique...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043524/in-vitro-effects-of-water-pipe-smoke-condensate-on-the-endocytic-activity-of-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-a549-with-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin
#7
Ian M Adcock, Esmaeil Mortaz, Shamila D Alipoor, Johan Garssen, Ali Akbar Velayati
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health problem and poses immense threats to many populations. The association between tobacco smoke and TB has already been studied. Water-pipe smoking has become an increasing problem not only in Middle Eastern countries but also globally as it is considered by users as being safer than cigarettes. The presence of high levels of toxic substances in water-pipe smoke may be predisposing factors that enhance the incidence of pulmonary disorders in water-pipe smokers...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035020/tobacco-use-and-cancer-risk-in-the-agricultural-health-study
#8
Gabriella Andreotti, Neal D Freedman, Debra T Silverman, Catherine C Lerro, Stella Koutros, Patricia Hartge, Michael C Alavanja, Dale P Sandler, Laura Beane Freeman
BACKGROUND: Cigarettes are well known to cause cancer, but less is known about the risks of other tobacco products and use of more than one product. METHODS: We examined cancer incidence in relation to exclusive use of six tobacco products (cigarettes, other combustibles (pipe, cigar, cigarillo), and smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco, snuff)) in the Agricultural Health Study. We also examined the added cancer risks associated with use of cigarettes and other tobacco products...
December 29, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989450/correlates-of-hookah-pipe-awareness-and-perceived-harmfulness-among-u-s-adults
#9
Kahee A Mohammed, Christian J Geneus, Simon Yadgir, Divya S Subramaniam, Thomas E Burroughs
INTRODUCTION: Hookah smoking has recently become a common form of smoking, and its prevalence has increased worldwide. This study determined the prevalence and correlates of hookah awareness and perceived harmfulness among U.S. adults. METHODS: Weighted multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed on 6,711 adults aged ≥18 years collected from the 2013-2014 Health Information National Trends Survey (Cycles 3 and 4). Analysis was conducted in 2016. RESULTS: Overall, 74...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959261/-acute-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-after-water-pipe-tobacco-smoking
#10
Jakob Felbo Paulsen, Kasper von Rosen Villads, Morten Egede Sonne
Carbon monoxide poisoning is potentially lethal, and early recognition and treatment is essential. An 18-year-old man was admitted due to syncope and a carboxyhaemoglobin level of 17% after water pipe tobacco smoking. He received normo- and hyperbaric oxygen as treatment and was discharged after two days without neurological sequelae. This case is the first in Denmark, but recently seven similar cases have been reported. The number of young people smoking water pipe tobacco is increasing, and we fear that more cases like this will occur in the future...
December 5, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940964/chronic-exposure-to-water-pipe-smoke-induces-cardiovascular-dysfunction-in-mice
#11
Abderrahim Nemmar, Suhail Al-Salam, Priya Yuvaraju, Sumaya Beegam, Javed Yasin, Badreldin H Ali
Water-pipe tobacco smoking is becoming prevalent in all over the world including Western countries. There are limited data on the cardiovascular effects of water-pipe smoke (WPS), in particular following chronic exposure. Here, we assessed the chronic cardiovascular effects of nose-only WPS exposure in C57BL/6 mice. The duration of the session was 30 min/day, 5 days/week for six consecutive months. Control mice were exposed to air. WPS significantly increased systolic blood pressure. The relative heart weight and plasma concentrations of troponin-I and B-type natriuretic peptide were increased in mice exposed to WPS...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932840/should-dental-teams-be-doing-more-to-make-adolescents-aware-of-the-health-risks-of-water-pipe-tobacco-smoking-shisha
#12
D Wright, H Burrow, D Hurst
The prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking (also known as shisha, hookah, narghile or hubble bubble) is increasing worldwide and is especially popular among adolescents of all cultures, ethnicities and socio-economic backgrounds. This increased prevalence is thought to be due to a number of factors including the relationship between the social aspect of waterpipe smoking and a thriving café culture, lack of regulatory or policy framework specific to waterpipe use, the perception of reduced harm and the evolution of social media...
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932780/consumption-of-combustible-and-smokeless-tobacco-united-states-2000-2015
#13
Teresa W Wang, Brandon Kenemer, Michael A Tynan, Tushar Singh, Brian King
Combustible and smokeless tobacco use causes adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease and multiple types of cancer (1,2). Standard approaches for measuring tobacco use include self-reported surveys of use and consumption estimates based on tobacco excise tax data (3,4). To provide the most recently available tobacco consumption estimates in the United States, CDC used federal excise tax data to estimate total and per capita consumption during 2000-2015 for combustible tobacco (cigarettes, roll-your-own tobacco, pipe tobacco, small cigars, and large cigars) and smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco and dry snuff)...
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869111/determination-of-genotoxic-effects-of-hookah-smoking-by-micronucleus-and-chromosome-aberration-methods
#14
Ebru Derici Eker, Hayri Koyuncu, Nefise Özlen Şahin, Altan Yüksel, Mehmet Berköz, Songul Budak Diler, Sema Altan Akgül
BACKGROUND Use of a hookah (a type of water pipe) is a traditional way of smoking tobacco, particularly in the Middle East. In Turkey, its popularity has been growing in recent years, especially among young people. It is known that cigarette smoking has genotoxic effects and causes mutations, but no comprehensive study has been done on the genotoxic effects of hookah usage, particularly in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS We collected peripheral blood/buccal smear samples from 30 subjects who did not smoke cigarettes but who regularly smoke a hookah an average of 2 times per week, and from 30 control subjects who had never smoked cigarettes or a hookah...
November 21, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845574/-we-smoke-the-same-pipe-religion-and-community-home-based-care-for-plwh-in-rural-swaziland
#15
Robin Root, Arnau Van Wyngaard, Alan Whiteside
We draw on a study of a church-run community home-based care organization in Swaziland to explore how individuals living with HIV perceived caregivers' impact on well-being. Our primary concern was to examine how religion, as a heuristic practice of Christian-based caregiving, was felt to be consequential in a direly underserved region. Part of a larger medical anthropological project, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 79 community home-based care clients, of whom half (53%) said they would have died, some from suicide, without its services...
November 15, 2016: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807124/declines-and-plateaux-in-smoking-prevalence-over-three-decades-in-fiji
#16
Christine Linhart, Isimeli Tukana, Sophia Lin, Richard Taylor, Stephen Morrell, Penina Vatucawaqa, Dianna J Magliano, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends from 1980-2011 in daily tobacco smoking by sex, ethnicity, age, and urban/rural in Fiji Melanesian (i-Taukei) and Indian adults aged 25-64 years. METHODS: Unit record data from five population-based surveys (n=14,528) allowed classification of participants as: (1) never smoker, ex-smoker or non-daily smoker; or (2) daily smoker, reporting smoking <20 or ≥20 tobacco products (cigarettes/cigars/pipes) a day. Trends were examined using spline analyses...
November 2, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798320/effects-of-hookah-smoking-on-indoor-air-quality-in-homes
#17
Michael Weitzman, Afzal Hussein Yusufali, Fatma Bali, M J Ruzmyn Vilcassim, Shashank Gandhi, Richard Peltier, Arthur Nadas, Scott Sherman, Lily Lee, Zhang Hong, Jenni Shearston, Su Hyun Park, Terry Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Hookahs (water pipes) are rapidly increasing in popularity worldwide. Evidence suggests that although perceived as safer than cigarette smoke, hookah smoke may be as, or even more, dangerous as cigarette smoke. METHODS: Air samples from 33 homes-11 where only hookah-smoking occurred, 12 with only cigarettes and 10 with no smoking-were collected to analyse concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5), black carbon, elemental and organic carbon and carbon monoxide (CO)...
October 26, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794065/flavoured-non-cigarette-tobacco-product-use-among-us-adults-2013-2014
#18
Michèle G Bonhomme, Enver Holder-Hayes, Bridget K Ambrose, Cindy Tworek, Shari P Feirman, Brian A King, Benjamin J Apelberg
INTRODUCTION: Limited data exist on flavoured non-cigarette tobacco product (NCTP) use among US adults. METHODS: Data from the 2013 to 2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (N=75 233), a landline and cellular telephone survey of US adults aged ≥18, were assessed to estimate past 30-day NCTP use, flavoured NCTP use and flavour types using bivariate analyses. RESULTS: During 2013-2014, 14.4% of US adults were past 30-day NCTP users. Nationally, an estimated 10...
October 28, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765554/environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-risk-of-stroke-in-never-smokers-an-updated-review-with-meta-analysis
#19
Peter N Lee, Alison J Thornton, Barbara A Forey, Jan S Hamling
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to review the epidemiological evidence relating environmental tobacco smoke exposure to stroke in never smokers. METHODS: The study is similar to our review in 2006, with searches extended to March 2016. RESULTS: Twelve further studies were identified. A total of 28 studies varied considerably in design, exposure indices used, and disease definition. Based on 39 sex-specific estimates and the exposure index current spousal exposure (or nearest equivalent), the meta-analysis gave an overall fixed-effect relative risk estimate of 1...
January 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752859/water-pipe-shisha-use-and-legislation-awareness-against-shisha-smoking-among-medical-students-a-study-from-karachi-pakistan
#20
Arham Zavery, Faisal Qureshi, Arbaz Riaz, Fatima Pervez, Nousheen Iqbal, Javaid A Khan
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of shisha smoking; its associated factors and awareness among medical students of Karachi, Pakistan following the imposition of nationwide shisha ban. A cross sectional study was conducted among medical students of two medical universities, namely Sindh Medical College and Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan from October till December 2014. A total of 422 participants were included. Data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire. The mean age was 21 ± 1...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
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