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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778814/environmental-and-lifestyle-factors-affecting-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-the-general-population-in-a-middle-eastern-area
#1
Mohammad Hoseini, Ramin Nabizadeh, Juana Maria Delgado-Saborit, Ata Rafiee, Kamyar Yaghmaeian, Saeid Parmy, Sasan Faridi, Mohammad Sadegh Hassanvand, Masud Yunesian, Kazem Naddafi
The aim of this study was to investigate environmental and lifestyle factors affecting exposure to PAHs in the general population in a large city of the Middle East (Tehran) by measuring urinary monohydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and establishing relationships between PAHs exposure and related factors. Urine samples were collected from 222 randomly chosen subjects who were living in the urban area of Tehran, Iran. Subjects were required to complete a detailed questionnaire aimed to document their personal and sociodemographic information, activities, cooking-related appliances, smoking history/exposure, and consumed foodstuff...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751076/tobacco-specific-nitrosamines-a-literature-review
#2
Evangelia Konstantinou, Foteini Fotopoulou, Athanasios Drosos, Nektaria Dimakopoulou, Zoi Zagoriti, Athanasios Niarchos, Dimitra Makrynioti, Dimitrios Kouretas, George Lagoumintzis, Konstantinos Poulas
Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture of chemicals, including several tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNA). Most TSNA are formed in tobacco during the post-harvest period, while a number are produced when a cigarette is burned. Considerable evidence supports the role of TSNA important causative factors for cancers of the lung, pancreas, esophagus, and oral cavity in people who use tobacco products. Of the known TSNA, nicotine-derived nitrosamine ketone (NNK) and N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) are the most carcinogenic...
May 8, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748027/the-effect-of-smoking-on-the-fundamental-frequency-of-the-speaking-voice
#3
Marie Reine Ayoub, Pauline Larrouy-Maestri, Dominique Morsomme
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the impact of smoking on voice acoustics. Some studies have found that tobacco affects the fundamental frequency of the voice, whereas others have not. This study aimed to overcome the major methodological limitations observed in previous studies by strictly controlling several variables that could clarify the effect of smoking on the speaking voice. METHODS: Lebanese men were chosen for this study. Thirty nonsmokers, 30 cigarette smokers, and 30 water-pipe smokers were matched on the basis of age, height, and weight...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716848/worsening-of-the-cardiovascular-profile-in-a-developing-country-the-greater-beirut-area-cardiovascular-cohort
#4
Hussain A Isma'eel, Mohamad M Almedawar, Juliana Breidy, Mona Nasrallah, Nancy Nakhoul, Youssef Mouneimne, Lara Nasreddine, Nathalie Khoueiry-Zgheib, Mohamad Abiad, Hani Tamim
BACKGROUND: Lebanon has no established governmental noncommunicable diseases surveillance and monitoring system to permit reporting on noncommunicable diseases rates. The last World Health Organization-supported surveillance report showed worrying trends in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. OBJECTIVES: A cardiovascular cohort was established to permit CVD outcomes studies in an urban sample in the Lebanese capital and the study in hand presents the baseline CVD risk factors of this cohort...
April 28, 2018: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692875/exercise-training-mitigates-water-pipe-smoke-exposure-induced-pulmonary-impairment-via-inhibiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BA-b-and-activating-nrf2-signalling-pathways
#5
Abderrahim Nemmar, Suhail Al-Salam, Priya Yuvaraju, Sumaya Beegam, Badreldin H Ali
Water pipe smoking is a tobacco smoking method commonly used in Eastern countries and is gaining popularity in Europe and North America, in particular among adolescents and young adults. Several clinical and experimental studies have reported that exposure to water pipe smoke (WPS) induces lung inflammation and impairment of pulmonary function. However, the mechanisms of such effects are not understood, as are data on the possible palliative effect of exercise training. The present study evaluated the effects of regular aerobic exercise training (treadmill: 5 days/week, 40 min/day) on subchronic exposure to WPS (30 minutes/day, 5 days/week for 2 months)...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676637/epigenomic-alterations-and-gene-expression-profiles-in-human-respiratory-epithelial-cells-mediated-by-hookah-and-cigarette-smoke
#6
Yin Xiong, Sichuan Xi, Jigui Shan, Elvin Hekimoglu, Shih-Hsin Hsiao, Mary Zhang, Julie A Hong, Chris Tao, Haobin Chen, R Taylor Ripley, Chuong D Hoang, David S Schrump
RATIONALE: The effects of hookah smoke on respiratory epithelia have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVES: To characterize and compare the effects of hookah tobacco smoke and conventional cigarette smoke on the epigenome and transcriptome of human respiratory epithelia. METHODS: Normal human small airway epithelial cells and cyclin-dependent kinase 4/human telomerase reverse transcriptase-immortalized human bronchial epithelial cells were cultured for 5 days in normal media in the presence or absence of water pipe condensates or cigarette smoke condensates under relevant exposure conditions...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666646/shisha-smoking-habit-among-dental-school-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates-enabling-factors-and-barriers
#7
Natheer H Al-Rawi, Ahmed S Alnuaimi, Asmaa T Uthman
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to assess shisha smoking among dental school students in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE). In addition, the role of suggested barriers and enabling factors in shisha smoking was also evaluated. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey was conducted at the College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, between February and May 2016. The questions were adapted from previously published water pipe smoking studies...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663965/a-pilot-study-to-assess-the-bacterial-contaminants-in-hookah-pipes-in-a-community-setting
#8
M Martinasek, Z Rivera, A Ferrer, E Freundt
SETTING: Hookah smoking among young adults remains a public health threat. Increasing research has uncovered the deleterious effects of hookah smoking, including both acute and chronic health conditions. Due to the current lack of regulation, hookah bars/lounges lack protocols for equipment sanitation. OBJECTIVES: To examine evidence of bacterial contamination in hookah pipes due to a lack of sanitation regulations. DESIGN: For this field/laboratory study, 10 hookah bars/lounges were studied...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656920/effect-of-smoking-on-periodontitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#9
REVIEW
Fábio R M Leite, Gustavo G Nascimento, Flemming Scheutz, Rodrigo López
CONTEXT: The study systematically reviewed articles on the association between tobacco smoking and periodontitis, as it has been hypothesized that smoking affects the course of periodontitis through impairment of immunological and vascular mechanisms. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches of articles indexed in PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were performed up to and including May 2017. Search strategy included MeSH and free terms: periodontitis, periodontal diseases, smoking, tobacco use, tobacco, tobacco products, cigarette, pipe, and cigar...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581160/tackling-smoking-cessation-systematically-among-inpatients-with-heart-disease
#10
Robert D Reid, Kerri-Anne Mullen, Andrew L Pipe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555563/brain-derived-neutrophic-factor-in-adolescents-smoking-waterpipe-the-irbid-try
#11
Mahmoud A Alomari, Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neutrophic factor (BDNF) and tobacco consumption can affect many body functions and health. However, the relationship of BDNF with waterpipe (Wp) smoking is unknown. Therefore, the current study examined the relationship between Wp smoking and BDNF in adolescents. METHODS: Self-reported tobacco consumption and serum BDNF were determined in 195 waterpipe and 288 nonsmokers in 7th-10th grade students. RESULTS: Stepwise regression that included Wp smoking, gender, BMI, and location, showed that only Wp smoking (p < 0...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529859/the-effects-of-water-pipe-smoking-on-birth-weight-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study-in-southern-iran
#12
Shahrzad Nematollahi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Azin Alavi, Mohammad Shekari, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni
OBJECTIVES: Consecutive community health assessments revealed that water-pipe smoking in women and impaired growth in children were among the main health concerns in suburban communities in southern Iran. The aim of the present study was to identify the effects of water-pipe smoking during pregnancy on birth weight. METHODS: Data from a population-based prospective cohort study of 714 singleton live pregnancies in the suburbs of Bandar Abbas in southern Iran in 2016-2018 were used in this study...
2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492822/experimental-investigation-on-emission-reduction-in-neem-oil-biodiesel-using-selective-catalytic-reduction-and-catalytic-converter-techniques
#13
Karthickeyan Viswanathan
In the present study, non-edible seed oil namely raw neem oil was converted into biodiesel using transesterification process. In the experimentation, two biodiesel blends were prepared namely B25 (25% neem oil methyl ester with 75% of diesel) and B50 (50% neem oil methyl ester with 50% diesel). Urea-based selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technique with catalytic converter (CC) was fixed in the exhaust tail pipe of the engine for the reduction of engine exhaust emissions. Initially, the engine was operated with diesel as a working fluid and followed by refilling of biodiesel blends B25 and B50 to obtain the baseline readings without SCR and CC...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464666/application-of-discrete-choice-experiment-methods-in-tobacco-control-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Kabindra Regmi, Dinesh Kaphle, Sabina Timilsina, Nik Annie Afiqah Tuha
BACKGROUND: Economic evidence relating to tobacco control is generally derived from the cost effectiveness of smoking-cessation programs or the economic impact of tobacco-induced disease, based on revealed-preference data. However, empirical estimates from stated-preference data on tobacco users' preferences, smoking behaviour and smoking cessation aids using analytical techniques such as discrete-choice experiments (DCEs) could be important for policy decision making in tobacco control...
March 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386957/factors-contributing-to-the-upsurge-of-water-pipe-tobacco-smoking-among-saudi-females-in-selected-jeddah-caf%C3%A3-s-and-restaurants-a-mixed-method-study
#15
Ola A Abdulrashid, Omar Balbaid, Adel Ibrahim, Hassan B U Shah
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence indicating the health hazards of water tobacco smoking (WTS), there is a remarkable increase in the frequency of WTS in the Middle East and the Gulf region, particularly among young girls and women. The objective of this survey was to examine the prevalence of and the reasons for addiction to WTS and study in depth the factors contributing to the increased frequency of WTS among Saudi females. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in different cafés and restaurants in Jeddah using a mixed method approach...
January 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379280/airway-reactivity-to-mannitol-is-similarly-increased-in-chronic-cigarette-and-water-pipe-smokers
#16
Andreas Scherr, Jerome Schmidlin, Silvio Albisser, Michael Tamm, Daiana Stolz
Background: In contrast to cigarette smoking, the association between water pipe smoking and airway hyperresponsiveness remains widely unexplored. Methods: A bronchoprovocation challenge with mannitol was performed in young adults recruited at the University of Basel, Switzerland. Subjects were categorized as acute water pipe smokers (single episode of water pipe smoking, no or <0.5 pack-years cigarette smoking); chronic water pipe smokers (weekly for ≥4 weeks, no or <0...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370150/state-specific-prevalence-of-tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2014-2015
#17
Satomi Odani, Brian S Armour, Corinne M Graffunder, Gordon Willis, Anne M Hartman, Israel T Agaku
Despite recent declines in cigarette smoking prevalence, the tobacco product landscape has shifted to include emerging tobacco products* (1,2). Previous research has documented adult use of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes by state (3); however, state-specific data on other tobacco products are limited. To assess tobacco product use in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia (DC), CDC and the National Cancer Institute analyzed self-reported use of six tobacco product types: cigarettes, cigars, regular pipes, water pipes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), and smokeless tobacco products among adults aged ≥18 years using data from the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS)...
January 26, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370137/impact-of-an-outdoor-smoking-ban-at-secondary-schools-on-cigarettes-e-cigarettes-and-water-pipe-use-among-adolescents-an-18-month-follow-up
#18
Andrea D Rozema, Marieke Hiemstra, Jolanda J P Mathijssen, Maria W J Jansen, Hans J A M van Oers
Abstract : The effectiveness of outdoor smoking bans on smoking behavior among adolescents remains inconclusive. This study evaluates the long-term impact of outdoor school ground smoking bans among adolescents at secondary schools on the use of conventional cigarettes, e-cigarettes (with/without nicotine) and water pipes. Outdoor smoking bans at 19 Dutch secondary schools were evaluated using a quasi-experimental design. Data on 7733 adolescents were obtained at baseline, and at 6 and 18-month follow-up. The impact of outdoor smoking bans on 'ever use of conventional cigarettes', 'smoking onset', 'ever use of e-cigarette with nicotine', 'e-cigarette without nicotine', and 'water pipe' was measured...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353186/addictive-behaviors-social-and-psychosocial-factors-and-electronic-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#19
M Lindström, M Rosvall
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate associations between e-cigarette use and social and psychosocial factors and cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and narcotics use among adolescents attending 9th grade in primary school and 2nd grade in secondary school. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The public health survey among adolescents in Scania in 2016 includes pupils in grades 9 and 2. The associations between e-cigarette use and lifestyle, social and psychosocial factors, and trust were investigated with logistic regressions...
February 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338581/perceived-discrimination-as-a-risk-factor-for-use-of-emerging-tobacco-products-more-similarities-than-differences-across-demographic-groups-and-attributions-for-discrimination
#20
Jennifer B Unger
BACKGROUND: Perceived discrimination has been associated with cigarette smoking and other substance use among members of disadvantaged minority groups. However, most studies have focused on a single minority group, have not considered the individual's attribution for the discrimination, and have not considered emerging tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between perceived discrimination and use of six tobacco products (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah, and smokeless tobacco) in a diverse sample of 1,068 adults in the United States...
January 17, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
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