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Bonnie M Powell, Edeltraud Gilbert, Teresa A Volsko
BACKGROUND: Unplanned extubations can lead to iatrogenic injury and have the potential to contribute to serious safety events. We adopted lean methodology to reduce the unplanned extubation rate in a Level 3b NICU. We hypothesized that the use of a rapid-cycle PDSA (plan, do, study, act) initiative would reduce the unplanned extubation rate. METHODS: Baseline unplanned extubation data were collected from November 1, 2012 to June 6, 2014. A voice of the customer survey ascertained perceptions regarding unplanned extubation causes and impact on care...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
Carl Hayward, Hitesh Patel, Chris Allen, Ali Vazir
Based on clinical trial data patients with heart failure (HF) and evidence of iron deficiency should be offered intravenous (iv) iron with the aim of improving exercise capacity and symptoms. Baseline measurement in outpatient HF clinics demonstrated that only 50% of patients who may be eligible for iv iron were investigated with iron studies. Our aim was to make sure that 90% of the patients attending our heart failure clinics who were symptomatic and had an ejection fraction (EF) ≤45% should have their iron studies checked within the last six months...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Craig Morris, Ingrid Alexander
A Project Manager from the Fife Early Years Collaborative facilitated a large-scale Quality Improvement (herein QI) project to build organisational capacity and capability across the Children in Fife partnership through three separate, eight month training cohorts. This 18 month QI project enabled 32 practitioners to increase their skills, knowledge, and experiences in a variety of QI tools including the Model for Improvement which then supported the delivery of high quality improvement projects and improved outcomes for children and families...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Amira Mustafa, Samar Mahgoub
Delays in the discharge of hospital patients cause a backlog for new admissions from the Emergency Departments (ED), outpatient clinics, and transfers from the Intensive Care Units (ICU). A variety of initiatives have been reported on previously which aim to tackle this problem with variable success. In this quality improvement project, we aimed to increase the proportion of discharged patients who leave the paediatric unit by 12:00 Noon from 7% to 30% by May 2015. A baseline discharge process map was studied to understand the possible causes of the delays...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Lucas Brien Chartier, Licinia Simoes, Meredith Kuipers, Barb McGovern
Over the last decade, patient volumes in the emergency department (ED) have grown disproportionately compared to the increase in staffing and resources at the Toronto Western Hospital, an academic tertiary care centre in Toronto, Canada. The resultant congestion has spilled over to the ED waiting room, where medically undifferentiated and potentially unstable patients must wait until a bed becomes available. The aim of this quality improvement project was to decrease the 90th percentile of wait time between triage and bed assignment (time-to-bed) by half, from 120 to 60 minutes, for our highest acuity patients...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Nouf Al Saleem, Khaled Al-Surimi
Frequent, preventable medical errors can have an adverse effect on patient safety and quality as well as leading to wasted resources. In the laboratory, errors can occur at any stage of sample processing; pre-analytical, analytical, and post analytical stages. However evidence shows most of the laboratory errors occur during the pre-analytical stage. The receipt and processing of specimens is one of the main steps in the pre-analytical stage. Errors in this stage could be due to mislabeling, incorrect test entry and entering the wrong location, among other reasons...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Tchern Kuang Lambert Low, Kai Hong Tay, Tina Fang, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung
OBJECTIVE: Patients admitted to a psychiatric hospital commonly suffer from comorbid medical problems which sometimes require urgent medical attention. Twenty-two percent of emergency medical transfers from the Institute of Mental Health (IMH) to the emergency rooms of general hospitals were preventable and could be managed at IMH itself. We undertook a quality improvement project to understand the reasons behind such preventable referrals and implemented changes to address this. METHODS: Using the model for improvement, we deconstructed our processes and analysed root causes for such preventable referrals...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Robert J Huber, Michael A Myre, Susan L Cotman
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL), also known as Batten disease, refers to a group of severe neurodegenerative disorders that primarily affect children. The most common subtype of the disease is caused by loss-of-function mutations in CLN3, which is conserved across model species from yeast to human. The precise function of the CLN3 protein is not known, which has made targeted therapy development challenging. In the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum, loss of Cln3 causes aberrant mid-to-late stage multicellular development...
September 26, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
A H A Dugdale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Jeffrey R Savarino, Jess L Kaplan, Harland S Winter, Christopher J Moran, Esther J Israel
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of the intestine which can lead to malnutrition, poor quality of life, and colon cancer.(1-4) Although there is no cure for the disease, clinical remission is the primary goal.(5) The Center for Inflammatory Bowel Disease at MassGeneral Hospital for Children (MGHfC) adopted a Previsit Planning (PVP) model to identify and discuss symptomatic patients prior to their appointments to identify specific issues that impact disease management...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Kristy Kummerow Broman, Christianne L Roumie, Melissa K Stewart, Jason A Castellanos, John L Tarpley, Robert S Dittus, Richard A Pierce
BACKGROUND: Earlier work suggested that telephone follow-up could be used in lieu of in-person follow-up after surgery, saving patients time and travel and maximizing use of scarce surgeon and facility resources. We report our experience implementing and evaluating telephone postoperative follow-up within an integrated health system. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a pre-post evaluation of a general surgery telephone postoperative clinic at a tertiary care Veterans Affairs facility from April 2015 to February 2016...
October 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Margaret Riley, Sana Ahmed, Jennifer C Lane, Barbara D Reed, Amy Locke
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Providing adolescents with confidential health care results in better social and health outcomes. We sought to assess if a medical board Maintenance of Certification Part IV project could improve the delivery of confidential care to minor adolescent patients seen in outpatient primary care practices. DESIGN: Participating physicians reviewed 3 months of charts for patients ages 12-17 years seen for well visits during a baseline time period, and after 2 Plan, Do, Study, Act intervention cycles to assess if they had met confidentiality standards...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Alison Bays, Elizabeth Wahl, David I Daikh, Jinoos Yazdany, Gabriela Schmajuk
BACKGROUND: Treat-to-target is the recommended strategy for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and involves regular assessment of disease activity using validated measures and subsequent adjustment of medical therapy if patients are not in remission or low disease activity. Recommendations published in 2012 detailed the preferred disease activity measures but there have been few publications on implementation of disease activity measures in a real-world clinic setting. METHODS: Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) methodology was used over two cycles with a goal of increasing provider measurement of disease activity during all RA patient visits...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Sharifah Munirah Alhamid, Desmond Xue-Yuan Lee, Hei Man Wong, Matthew Bingfeng Chuah, Yu Jun Wong, Kaavya Narasimhalu, Thuan Tong Tan, Su Ying Low
PROBLEM: Effective handovers are critical for patient care and safety. Electronic handover tools are increasingly used today to provide an effective and standardized platform for information exchange. The implementation of an electronic handover system in tertiary hospitals can be a major challenge. Previous efforts in implementing an electronic handover tool failed due to poor compliance and buy-in from end-users. A new electronic handover tool was developed and incorporated into the existing electronic medical records (EMRs) for medical patients in Singapore General Hospital (SGH)...
August 10, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Maryam Ahmed Awaji, Khaled Al-Surimi
Hand hygiene is one of the fundamental measures necessary for reducing healthcare-associated infections. The adherence of health care workers to safe hand hygiene practices is low worldwide, despite evidence showing compliance with hand hygiene guidelines decreases infection rate. This project focuses on the role of patients in promoting healthcare workers' compliance with hand hygiene practices. Several plan-do-study-act (PDSA) cycles were conducted to test interventions which aimed to empower patients and increase staff members' adherence to hand hygiene practices...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Shobitha Puvaneswaralingam, Daniella Ross
Transferring patients from the ward of their specialty or consultant is described as boarding. 1 Boarding patients is becoming increasingly prevalent due to greater pressure on hospital capacity. This practice compromises patient safety through delayed investigations, prolonged hospital stays, and increased risk of hospital-acquired infections. 1 2 We evaluated how regularly boarded patients were reviewed, and how effectively information regarding their management was communicated from their primary specialty to ward staff...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Jennifer McCoy, Tanya Tichon, Michael Narvey
Performing a complete blood count (CBC) is a common test performed in neonatal intensive care. Samples reported as "clotted" are not able to be analyzed and require redraw. A perceived "high" clotting rate elicits frustration among team members and has negative effects on patient flow and patient satisfaction. Process mapping and a root cause analysis determined that an educational intervention was required to optimize blood collection skills of front-line nurses. Through four rapid PDSA cycles over a three year period, the neonatal patient care areas were able to decrease their CBC clotting rates from 30% (monthly rate when the problem was identified) to 16% (yearly average at the end of the project)...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Elvan Akyuz, Amit Jain, Declan Phelan, Susham Gupta
Improving physical healthcare to reduce premature mortality in people with SMI (Serious Mental Illness) is a priority for ELFT (East London NHS Foundation Trust) and NHS England. It is well know that people with schizophrenia have a life expectancy which is approximately 20% shorter than that of the general population and a substantial mortality difference exists between people with schizophrenia and the general community.[1-2] Among other risk factors, such as poor diet, physical inactivity, and high rates of smoking, the iatrogenic effects of anti-psychotic medications have been found to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Wee Ming Peh, Wann Jia Loh, Ghee Chee Phua, Chian Min Loo
Guidewire retention is a severe but preventable complication from central venous catheter (CVC) insertion. There were three cases of guidewire retention during CVC insertion in the medical intensive care unit (MICU) in Singapore General Hospital, in the period between December 2011 and February 2012. The primary objective of this quality improvement project was to eliminate future incidences of guidewire retention during CVC insertion in the MICU and medical intermediate care area (MICA) via a structured educational program and a cost effective modified CVC set...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2016: Veterinary Record
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