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Ricardo Soares de Sant'Ana, Jacó Saraiva de Castro Mattos, Anderson Soares da Silva, Luanes Marques de Mello, Altacílio Aparecido Nunes
Objective: To evaluate association of sociodemographic, anthropometric, and epidemiological factors with result of mammogram in women undergoing breast cancer screening. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained through interviews, anthropometric measurements, and mammography of 600 women aged 40 to 69 years at the Preventive Medicine Department of Hospital de Câncer de Barretos, Brazil, in 2014. The results of these examinations in the BI-RADS categories 1 and 2 were grouped and classified in this study as normal mammogram outcome, and those of BI-RADS categories 3, 4A, 4B, 4C, and 5 were grouped and classified as altered mammogram outcome...
July 2016: Einstein
Cátia Ferreira da Silva, Larissa Cohen, Luciana d'Abreu Sarmento, Felipe Monnerat Marino Rosa, Eliane Lopes Rosado, João Régis Ivar Carneiro, Antônio Augusto Peixoto de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno
Background: Due to the high failure rate observed in the clinical treatment of morbid obesity an increase in bariatric surgery indications, as an alternative for the control of obesity and comorbidities, is noticeable. Aim: To evaluate the performance of type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in late follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 59 patients included in the bariatric surgery program...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Rafael Jacques Ramos, Cláudio Corá Mottin, Letícia Biscaino Alves, Daniela Benzano, Alexandre Vontobel Padoin
Background: There is no consensus on the ideal size of intestinal loops in gastric bypass of bariatric surgeries. Aim: To evaluate the metabolic outcome of patients submitted to gastric bypass with alimentary and biliopancreatic loops of different sizes. Methods: Was conducted a retrospective cohort study in diabetic obese patients (BMI≥35 kg/m2) with metabolic syndrome submitted to gastric bypass. The patients were divided into three groups according to the size of the intestinal loop: group 1, biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 100 cm length; group 2 , biliopancreatic limb 50 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length; and group 3, biliopancreatic limb 100 cm length and alimentary limb 150 cm length...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Marcelo Souza Teixeira, Caren Dos Santos Lima, Simone De Abreu Neves Salles1, Flávio Barbosa Luz, Roberta Roberta Duarte Bezerra Pinto, Luciana Pantaleão
Fordyce angiokeratoma is a benign skin neoplasm, characterized by erythematous-violet keratotic papules with mamillated surface, which follows a chronic and minimally symptomatic course. However, symptoms can be related such as itching, burning, bleeding, dyspareunia; aesthetic and social concerns may prompt request for treatment. The condition mainly affects men and usually occurs in the scrotum, but rarely may occur in women. A 30-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension is described. Over a period of two years she developed multiple angiokeratomas of the vulva, complicated by frequent bleeding...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Ayrton R Massaro, Gregory Y H Lippp
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, with an estimated prevalence of 1-2% in North America and Europe. The increased prevalence of AF in Latin America is associated with an ageing general population, along with poor control of key risk factors, including hypertension. As a result, stroke prevalence and associated mortality have increased dramatically in the region. Therefore, the need for effective anticoagulation strategies in Latin America is clear. The aim of this review is to provide a contemporary overview of anticoagulants for stroke prevention...
August 11, 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Vivian Vílchez Barboza, Tatiana Paravic Klijn, Alide Salazar Molina, Katia Lorena Sáez Carrillo
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effect and gender differences of an innovative intervention involving in-person and telephone nursing counseling to control cardiovascular risk factors (arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, and overweight), improve health-related quality of life and strengthen self-efficacy and social support in persons using the municipal health centers' cardiovascular health program. METHOD: a randomized controlled clinical trial involving participants randomized into the intervention group who received traditional consultation plus personalized and telephone nursing counseling for 7 months (n = 53) and the control group (n = 56)...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Zilmar Augusto de Souza Filho, Alaidistânia Aparecida Ferreira, Bernardo Dos Santos, Angela Maria Geraldo Pierin
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the evidence of hypertension prevalence among indigenous populations in Brazil through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A search was performed by two reviewers, with no restriction of date or language in the databases of PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, Virtual Health Library and Capes Journal Portal. Also, a meta-regression model was designed in which the last collection year of each study was used as a moderating variable. RESULTS: 23 articles were included in the review...
December 2015: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Nadia Sanches Marin, Mariana Fonseca Dos Santos, André Dos Santos Moro
This qualitative study aims to analyze the perception of patients with hypertension on their non-adherence to medication. 13 participants were interviewed, classified as non-adherent.The analysis was performed using the technique of thematic content analysis. Data points to contradictions in the approach of what is being adherent or not, the difficulty of adhering to the use of medication due to lifestyle habits, that forgetting is understood as a justification for non-compliance, and reinforces factors that hinder such practice, such as the use of many drugs, the presence of signs and symptoms and changes in daily routine...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Stephanie Macedo Andrade, Caio José Coutinho Leal Telino, Antônio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Enaldo Vieira de Melo, Carla Carolina Cardoso Teixeira, Clarissa Karine Cardoso Teixeira, Jaquiele Santos Santana, Igor Larchert Mota, Carlos José Oliveira de Matos, Joselina Luzia Menezes Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Stress echocardiography is well validated for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease. Exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) has been shown to be the most physiological among the modalities of stress, but its safety is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To study the complications related to ESE and clinical and echocardiographic variables most commonly associated with their occurrence. METHODS: Cross-sectional study consisting of 10250 patients submitted to ESE for convenience, from January 2000 to June 2014...
August 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Paolo Blanco Villela, Carlos Henrique Klein, Gláucia Maria Moraes de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular and hypertensive diseases are among the main causes of death worldwide. However, there are limited data about the trends of these diseases over the years. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the temporal trends in mortality rates and proportional mortality from cerebrovascular and hypertensive diseases according to sex and age in Brazil between 1980 and 2012. METHODS: We evaluated the underlying causes of death between 1980 and 2012 in both sexes and by age groups for circulatory diseases (CD), cerebrovascular diseases (CBVD), and hypertensive diseases (HD)...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Erika Matos, Borut Jug, Rok Blagus, Branko Zakotnik
BACKGROUND: Cardiotoxicity is an important side effect of trastuzumab therapy and cardiac surveillance is recommended. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to prospectively assess baseline patients' characteristics, level of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and echocardiographic parameters as possible predictors of trastuzumab-related cardiac dysfunction. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, clinical, echocardiographic and neurohumoral assessment was performed at baseline, after 4, 8 and 12 months in breast cancer patients undergoing post-anthracycline (3-4 cycles) adjuvant therapy with trastuzumab...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Cynthia de Souza Ferreira, Lucilia de Fátima dd Sousa Fomes, Gilze Espirito Santo da Silva, Glorimar Rosa
INTRODUCTION: chia is a seed rich in such nutrients as proteins, n-3 fatty acids and especially alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), minerals, fibers and antioxidants. Efforts have been made to assess whether human consumption of chia can reduce cardiovascular risk factors; however, it has not been established as effective and the findings of the few studies to have looked into the matter are inconsistent. AIM: to systematize the findings of studies assessing the effect the consumption of chia seed, either milled or whole, has in the prevention/control of cardiovascular risk factors in humans...
November 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Ana Lúcia Soares Soutello, Roberta Cunha Matheus Rodrigues, Fernanda Freire Jannuzzi, Thaís Moreira São-João, Gabriela Giordano Martinix, Wilson Nadruz Jr, Maria-Cecília Bueno Jayme Gallani
Introductions: In the care of hypertension, it is important that health professionals possess available tools that allow evaluating the impairment of the health-related quality of life, according to the severity of hypertension and the risk for cardiovascular events. Among the instruments developed for the assessment of health-related quality of life, there is the Mini-Cuestionario of Calidad de Vida en la Hipertensión Arterial (MINICHAL) recently adapted to the Brazilian culture. Objective: To estimate the validity of known groups of the Brazilian version of the MINICHAL regarding the classification of risk for cardiovascular events, symptoms, severity of dyspnea and target-organ damage...
February 27, 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Vinicius Barbosa de Souza, Eduardo Nani Silva, Mario Luiz Ribeiro, Wolney de Andrade Martins
There is a known association between chemotherapy and radiotherapy for treatment of cancer patients and development or worsening of hypertension. The aim of this article is to review this association. A literature search was conducted for articles reporting this association on the databases PubMed, SciELO and LILACS between 1993 and 2013. There was a high coprevalence of hypertension and cancer, since both diseases share the same risk factors, such as sedentary lifestyle, obesity, smoking, unhealthy diet and alcohol abuse...
March 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Diego de Faria Magalhães Torres, Walter Araujo Zin, Agnaldo José Lopes, Patrícia dos Santos Vigário, Marcelo Iorio Garcia, Daniel Waetge, Marcelo Luiz da Silva Bandeira, Luiz Gustavo Pignataro Bessa, Fernando Silva Guimarães
BACKGROUND: No studies have described and evaluated the association between hemodynamics, physical limitations and quality of life in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) without concomitant cardiovascular or respiratory disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe the hemodynamic profile, quality of life and physical capacity of patients with PH from groups I and IV and to study the association between these outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients with PH from clinical groups I and IV and functional classes II and III undergoing the following assessments: hemodynamics, exercise tolerance and quality of life...
May 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Mara Graziele Maciel Silveira, Antônio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Marcos Antônio Almeida Santos, Irlaneide da Silva Tavares, Stephanie Macedo Andrade, Luiza Dantas Melo, Loren Suyane Oliveira de Andrade, Emmanuel Lima Almeida Santos, Joselina Luzia Menezes Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Physical stress echocardiography is an established methodology for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease in patients with physical capacity. In obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) the usefulness of pharmacological stress echocardiography has been demonstrated; however, has not been reported the use of physical stress echocardiography in this growing population group. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of myocardial ischemia in obese and non-obese patients undergoing physical stress echocardiography and compare their clinical and echocardiographic differences...
May 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Gilberto Campos Guimarães Filho, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Thiago de Souza Veiga Jardim, Weimar Sebba Barroso Souza, Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim
Background: Hypertension is a public health problem, considering its high prevalence, low control rate and cardiovascular complications. Objective: Evaluate the control of blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular outcomes in patients enrolled at the Reference Center for Hypertension and Diabetes, located in a medium-sized city in the Midwest Region of Brazil. Methods: Population-based study comparing patients enrolled in the service at the time of their admission and after an average follow-up of five years. Participants were aged ≥18 years and were regularly monitored at the Center up to 6 months before data collection...
February 3, 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Thiago Bruder-Nascimento, Dijon Henrique Salome Campos
Background: Stress is associated with cardiovascular diseases. Objective: This study aimed at assessing whether chronic stress induces vascular alterations, and whether these modulations are nitric oxide (NO) and Ca2+ dependent. Methods: Wistar rats, 30 days of age, were separated into 2 groups: control (C) and Stress (St). Chronic stress consisted of immobilization for 1 hour/day, 5 days/week, 15 weeks. Systolic blood pressure was assessed. Vascular studies on aortic rings were performed. Concentration-effect curves were built for noradrenaline, in the presence of L-NAME or prazosin, acetylcholine, sodium nitroprusside and KCl...
January 23, 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Ana Paula Cabral de Faria, Rodrigo Modolo, Beatriz Vaz Domingues Moreno, Heitor Moreno
Resistant hypertension (RHTN) is a multifactorial disease characterized by blood pressure (BP) levels above goal (140/90 mmHg) in spite of the concurrent use of three or more antihypertensive drugs of different classes. Moreover, it is well known that RHTN subjects have high prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), which leads to increased risk of heart failure progression. This review gathers data from studies evaluating the effects of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors (administration of acute sildenafil and short-term tadalafil) on diastolic function, biochemical and hemodynamic parameters in patients with RHTN...
January 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Sebastião Ferreira Filho, Rogério Baumgratz de Paula, Alvaro Avezum, Gabriel R de Freitas, Emílio Francischetti, Marcelo Batista, Maria Helena Catelli Carvalho, Maria Tereza Zanella, Marília de Brito Gomes, Maurício Wajngarten, Nilson Roberto de Melo, Otávio Rizzi Coelho, Ricardo M da Rocha Meirelles, Roberto Miranda, Rosangela Milagres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2010: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
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