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Interdisciplinary dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758298/quo-vadis-what-is-the-future-of-periodontics-how-will-we-get-there
#1
REVIEW
Kenneth S Kornman, William V Giannobile, Gordon W Duff
Approximately 40 years ago periodontists began systematically developing the evidence to treat predictably and prevent gingivitis and periodontitis. More recently, periodontists have been among a small group of skilled dental-implant surgeons leading that revolution in dentistry. Today, much of the mild/localized moderate periodontitis is not treated by periodontists, and an increasing number of implants are placed by dentists with limited surgical training. The current field of periodontics includes a broad range of surgical skills and technologies to regenerate predictably destroyed tissues and manage complex interdisciplinary treatment that may, in some way, involve the tissues that support teeth and implants...
October 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459243/nanotechnology-in-dentistry-clinical-applications-benefits-and-hazards
#2
Govind Shashirekha, Amit Jena, Satyajit Mohapatra
Nanotechnology is emerging as an interdisciplinary field that is undergoing rapid development and has brought about enormous changes in medicine and dentistry. Nanomaterial-based design is able to mimic some of the mechanical and structural properties of native tissue and can promote biointegration. Nanotechnology has various applications in dentistry, including dentition renaturalization, therapy for dentin hypersensitivity, complete orthodontic realignment in a single visit, covalently bonding diamondized enamel, enhancing properties of root canal sealers, and continuous oral health maintenance using mechanical dentifrobots...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441274/-meth-mouth-an-interdisciplinary-review-of-a-dental-and-psychiatric-condition
#3
Cornel N Stanciu, Magdalena Glass, Brian C Muzyka, Oliver M Glass
OBJECTIVE: Chronic methamphetamine (MA) users experience many dental problems, a condition characterized as "meth mouth." These devastating effects on dentition is the main reason why many seek professional help. Here, we discuss the effects of MA on oral health and advocate for improved collaboration between dentists and mental health providers. We also introduce a dental evaluation tool with the goal of improving the quality of care for this often-marginalized patient population. METHODS: A Medline literature search (1985-2016) was conducted with keywords "meth mouth," "methamphetamine AND oral health"; "methamphetamine AND dental"; "methamphetamine AND dentist...
July 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431484/who-5-well-being-index-as-screening-instrument-for-psychological-comorbidity-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder
#4
Fadi Ismail, Karin Lange, Marit Gillig, Katarzyna Zinken, Lena Schwabe, Meike Stiesch, Michael Eisenburger
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the WHO-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5) with the Oral Health Impact Profile-49 (OHIP-49) questionnaire as screening tools to detect psychological comorbidity in TMDs. METHODS: A TMD group (92 patients, 42.8 ± 17.1 yrs) and a control group (90 patients of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, 38.9 ± 10.1 yrs) completed the WHO-5 and the OHIP-49 questionnaire. RESULTS: The patients with TMD reported significantly greater OHIP-49 sum scores than controls (47...
April 21, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#5
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429482/the-periodontal-restorative-interface-esthetic-considerations
#6
REVIEW
Vincent Bennani, Hadeel Ibrahim, Latfiya Al-Harthi, Karl M Lyons
Esthetic considerations are a significant contributing factor in the management of prosthodontic cases and an interdisciplinary approach is often necessary to achieve an optimal result. The visible soft-tissue architecture plays a key role in developing an esthetic smile. Furthermore, an understanding of the relationship between the restorative margin and the gingiva is important for long-term stability of the result. The gingival architecture and gingival health are important for ensuring optimal esthetics following prosthodontic work and close attention to both soft and hard tissues around the teeth, before, during and after restorative procedures, will greatly improve the likelihood of a successful outcome...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429480/surgical-management-in-dentistry-the-interdisciplinary-relationship-between-periodontology-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Darryl C Tong
Surgical procedures of the oral cavity can be performed by a number of dental specialists and clinicians. Because of the limited number of surgical procedures that can be performed inside the oral cavity, the boundaries between specialties may become indistinct and lead to confusion for general dentists in terms of patient referrals. In this article, what the two surgical specialties of dentistry (i.e. periodontology and oral and maxillofacial surgery) have to offer is highlighted, together with clinical examples to illustrate the interdisciplinary relationship between them...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376965/multidisciplinary-management-of-hypodontia
#8
REVIEW
Michael O'Sullivan, Brian O'Connell
Patients with hypodontia require a wide range of treatment, ranging from single tooth replacement to the restoration of multiple edentulous spaces in both arches. Treatment should involve an interdisciplinary team, as no dental speciality possesses the range of expertise required to optimally treat this patient population. This paper presents principles of treatment, key factors of assessment and multidisciplinary approaches to management of the hypodontia patient, including contributions from conservative dentistry...
February 28, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351394/higher-education-in-gerodontology-in-european-universities
#9
Anastassia Kossioni, Gerry McKenna, Frauke Müller, Martin Schimmel, Jacques Vanobbergen
BACKGROUND: The rapid aging of the European population and the subsequent increase in the oral care needs in older adults necessitates adequate training of dental professionals in Gerodontology (Geriatric Dentistry). This study was designed to investigate the current status of Gerodontology teaching amongst European dental schools at the undergraduate, postgraduate and continuing education levels. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was developed by a panel of experts and emailed to the Deans or other contact persons of 216 dental schools across 39 European countries...
March 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887620/anatomy-meets-dentistry-linking-anatomy-and-clinical-practice-in-the-preclinical-dental-curriculum
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nicole Rafai, Martin Lemos, Lieven Nils Kennes, Ayichah Hawari, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Irmgard Classen-Linke
BACKGROUND: Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year medical students of dentistry by implementing an interdisciplinary skills training course on "Palpation of the Head and Neck Muscles" and to measure the learning outcomes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756294/measuring-interprofessional-competencies-and-attitudes-among-health-professional-students-creating-family-planning-virtual-patient-cases
#11
Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747645/a-piezo-surgery-with-corticotomies-and-implant-placement-as-part-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-treat-malocclusion-disorder-in-an-adult-patient-clinical-report
#12
Federico Gelpi, Daniele De Santis, Simone Marconcini, Francesco Briguglio, Marco Finotti
This clinical report illustrates a multidisciplinary approach for the rehabilitation of a young adult patient affected by a bilateral edentulous space and an anterior deep bite. The patient required orthodontics and surgical corticotomy and implantology (both performed with a piezo device). A multidisciplinary planning approach, including orthodontics, oral and periodontic surgery, and restorative dentistry, has an important role in the final outcome of treatment. In fact a dental class I occlusion has been established only on the right side...
December 2015: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701493/study-and-analysis-of-information-technology-in-dentistry-in-latin-american-countries
#13
María Del C López Jordi, Marcia Ç Figueiredo, Dante Barone, Carolina Pereira
Dentistry increasingly uses Information and Communication Technology (ICT), which has impact on teaching, research, the profession and dental care in general. However, there is a lack of valid information on ICT resources and use in Latin America. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, multi-center, interdisciplinary study, the aim of which was to conduct a survey on how extensively ICT is used in Dentistry in Latin American countries by enquiring into two primary components: 1) use of ICT in student training and 2) use of ICT by professionals in consulting rooms and services...
April 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579365/assessment-formats-in-dental-medicine-an-overview
#14
Susanne Gerhard-Szep, Arndt Güntsch, Peter Pospiech, Andreas Söhnel, Petra Scheutzel, Torsten Wassmann, Tugba Zahn
AIM: At the annual meeting of German dentists in Frankfurt am Main in 2013, the Working Group for the Advancement of Dental Education (AKWLZ) initiated an interdisciplinary working group to address assessments in dental education. This paper presents an overview of the current work being done by this working group, some of whose members are also actively involved in the German Association for Medical Education's (GMA) working group for dental education. The aim is to present a summary of the current state of research on this topic for all those who participate in the design, administration and evaluation of university-specific assessments in dentistry...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579348/-practical-skills-positioning-of-the-gma-committee-for-dentistry
#15
Petra Scheutzel, Susanne Gerhard-Szép
The GMA committee for dentistry of the German Society for Medical Education (GMA) considers its' main purpose the representation and interconnection of all aspects of dentistry with and within the GMA. Teaching and assessing practical skills during training is traditionally of great importance in dental education. This is also reflected in the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Dental Education (NKLZ). Practical skills are not comprised in a separate chapter as they are in the National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Medical Education (NKLM), but are considered in all sections of the NKLZ for the purpose of interdisciplinary patient- or disease-specific application, targeting the educational level of acting competency...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470072/3d-printed-simulation-models-based-on-real-patient-situations-for-hands-on-practice
#16
E Kröger, M Dekiff, D Dirksen
During the last few years, the curriculum of many dentistry schools in Germany has been reorganised. Two key aspects of the applied changes are the integration of up-to-date teaching methods and the promotion of interdisciplinarity. To support these efforts, an approach to fabricating individualised simulation models for hands-on courses employing 3D printing is presented. The models are based on real patients, thus providing students a more realistic preparation for real clinical situations. As a wide variety of dental procedures can be implemented, the simulation models can also contribute to a more interdisciplinary dental education...
July 29, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401382/-reality-and-challenges-of-the-oral-health-for-older-adults-in-chile-and-the-role-of-a-new-discipline-geriatric-dentistry
#17
Soraya León, Rodrigo A Giacaman
Chile is experiencing one of the fastest aging processes in Latin America. The implications derived from this phenomenon involve many aspects of the society, especially health care. In particular, insufficient oral health coverage in the country limits oral care provision for a population with a high prevalence and severity of oral diseases. These conditions include dental caries, periodontal disease, tooth loss, defective prostheses, oral mucosa lesions and xerostomia, among others, and strongly affect quality of life of the elderly population...
April 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237002/improving-outcomes-for-transplant-patients-contribution-of-a-dental-hygienist
#18
C Michele E Lloid
UNLABELLED: A dental hygienist member of an interdisciplinary medical team can contribute to improved outcomes when cancer and transplant patients experience oral sequelae. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cancer and transplant patients benefit from care provided by an interdisciplinary team comprised of general and oral health care providers. Diagnostic and supportive care including assessment and stabilization of oral health as well as management of treatment and disease sequelae are essential treatment planning components...
June 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27213777/autonomic-nervous-system-trial-control-and-resolve-for-sleep-breathing-disorders
#19
Jeffrey S Rouse
Conventional approaches to sleep dentistry concentrate on apneas/ hypopneas that cause periodic desaturations and fragmentations, a strategy that may be leading healthcare professionals to overlook many patients in dental practices with breathing-disturbed sleep. Recent studies have explored a new chronic "stress" paradigm rather than the apnea/hypopnea model to explain damage from sleep-breathing disorders and the progressive nature of this problem. This article will discuss the shortcomings of traditional approaches for dealing with obstructive sleep apnea and other sleep-breathing conditions and provide a protocol, which involved the autonomic nervous system trial, for improving control and management with mandibular advancement appliances...
May 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190968/role-of-orthodontics-in-forensic-odontology-a-social-responsibility
#20
REVIEW
Giridhar Reddy, Vinay P Reddy, Meenakshi Sharma, Monika Aggarwal
Orthodontics like any other specialty has much to offer law enforcement in the detection and solution of crime or in civil proceedings. Forensic odontology often requires an interdisciplinary approach towards dentistry for the purpose of proper diagnosis of cases. In cases where the forensic odontologist has to establish a person's identity, an orthodontist can be of great help at times. Teeth, with their anatomic/physiologic variations and therapy such as orthodontic treatment, restorations and prosthesis may record information that remains throughout life and beyond...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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