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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550510/integrating-spiritual-care-into-palliative-consultation-a-case-study-in-expanded-practice
#1
Grace Kearney, Linda Fischer, Hunter Groninger
Recognizing and addressing spiritual needs has long been identified as a key component of palliative care (PC). More often than not, the provision of spiritual care involves referral to a hospital chaplain. In this study, we aim to describe the role of a PC chaplain embedded within the interdisciplinary PC team and demonstrate how this palliative chaplain role differs from that of a traditional hospital chaplain. We postulate that integrating spiritual care provision into a PC team may offer a broader spiritual care experience for patients receiving PC and begin to delineate expanded clinical roles for the palliative chaplain...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549856/three-decades-of-managing-tomato-spotted-wilt-virus-in-peanut-in-southeastern-united-states
#2
REVIEW
R Srinivasan, M R Abney, A K Culbreath, R C Kemerait, R S Tubbs, W S Monfort, H R Pappu
Southeastern states namely Georgia, Florida, and Alabama produce two-thirds of the peanuts in the United States. Thrips-transmitted Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), which causes spotted wilt disease, has been a major impediment to peanut production for the past three decades. The cultivars grown in the 1980s were extremely susceptible to TSWV. Early yield losses extended to tens of millions of dollars each year (up to 100% loss in many fields). This situation led to the creation of an interdisciplinary team known as "SWAT: Spotted Wilt Action Team"...
May 23, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549702/iagg-iagg-garn-international-survey-of-end-of-life-care-in-nursing-homes
#3
Cara L Wallace, Daniel Swagerty, Mario Barbagallo, Bruno Vellas, Heung Bong Cha, Iva Holmerova, Birong Dong, Raymond Koopmans, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Luis Miguel Gutierrez Robledo, Juan Cuadros Moreno, Ramzi Hajjar, Jean Woo, Hidenori Arai, Jiro Okochi, Renuka Visvanathan, Samia A Abdul-Rahman, Ashish Goel, Andrea Moser, Yves Rolland, Angela M Abbatecola, Marcello Russo, John E Morley
This article reports the findings of a survey on end-of-life (EOL) care in nursing homes of 18 long-term care experts across 15 countries. The experts were chosen as a convenience-based sample of known experts in each country. The survey was administered in 2016 and included both open-ended responses for defining hospice care, palliative care, and "end of life," and a series of questions related to the following areas-attitudes toward EOL care, current practice and EOL interventions, structure of care, and routine barriers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548603/beyond-demarcation-care-ethics-as-an-interdisciplinary-field-of-inquiry
#4
Carlo Leget, Inge van Nistelrooij, Merel Visse
BACKGROUND: For many years the body of literature known as 'care ethics' or 'ethics of care' has been discussed as regards its status and nature. There is much confusion and little structured discussion. The paper of Klaver et al. (2014) was written as a discussion article to which we respond. OBJECTIVES: We aim to contribute to the ongoing discussion about the status and nature of care ethics. RESEARCH DESIGN: Responding to 'Demarcation of the ethics of care as a discipline' by Klaver et al...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545038/assessing-the-facilitators-and-barriers-of-interdisciplinary-team-working-in-primary-care-using-normalisation-process-theory-an-integrative-review
#5
Pauline O'Reilly, Siew Hwa Lee, Madeleine O'Sullivan, Walter Cullen, Catriona Kennedy, Anne MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary team working is of paramount importance in the reform of primary care in order to provide cost-effective and comprehensive care. However, international research shows that it is not routine practice in many healthcare jurisdictions. It is imperative to understand levers and barriers to the implementation process. This review examines interdisciplinary team working in practice, in primary care, from the perspective of service providers and analyses 1 barriers and facilitators to implementation of interdisciplinary teams in primary care and 2 the main research gaps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543671/patient-centred-dietetic-care-from-the-perspectives-of-older-malnourished-patients
#6
E Hazzard, L Barone, M Mason, K Lambert, A McMahon
BACKGROUND: Governing organisations for health services currently recommend a patient-centred (PC) approach to practice for all health professions, including dietetics. For the vulnerable older malnourished patient, this approach needs to be prioritised to improve outcomes. The paucity of patient experience data likely limits evidence-based, patient-centred care (PCC) from being implemented effectively. The present study aimed to identify quality indicators of dietetic services from the perspectives of older malnourished patients to inform evidence-based PC dietetic care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538924/bioethics-of-protection-a-health-practice-evaluation-tool
#7
Fermin Roland Schramm
Bioethics of protection (BP) was proposed in the early 21st century in bioethics, built in Latin America following attempts by researchers to work on the possibilities of public health policies being morally legitimate, socially fair (equitable) and respectful of human rights, after noting the limits of traditional bioethical tools, essentially implemented in and restricted to interpersonal conflicts between moral agents and patients involved in the practice of biomedicine. Methodologically, BP tries to negotiate distinct problematic disciplinary realms that are, however, interlinked through interdisciplinary dialogue and common concern with the quality of life of the human population, considered in its natural, technological, social and cultural contexts: Public Health, concerned with the health and well-being of individuals and populations; Bioethics, concerned primarily with the moral legitimacy of practices that affect their quality of life; Biopolitics, concerned with the social effects of health policies...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534169/-capacity-to-consent-to-treatment-in-dementia-patients-interdisciplinary-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Julia Haberstroh, Tanja Müller
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no concrete, evidence-based default procedures to adequately assess the capacity to consent to medical treatment. This explains why different raters use individual heuristics, differing both within and between disciplines. The lack of a procedure that is standardized, validated, and equally accepted across disciplines to assess the capacity to consent to treatment has led to an uncertainty in legal and medical practice regarding appropriate action and decision making...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530141/decisions-around-long-term-ventilation-for-children-perspectives-of-directors-of-pediatric-home-ventilation-programs
#9
Jeffrey D Edwards, Marilyn C Morris, Judith E Nelson, Howard B Panitch, Rachel L Miller
RATIONALE: The decision of whether to initiate or forgo long-term ventilation for children with life-limiting conditions can be complex and impactful. Providers are responsible for helping families to understand the consequences of their options and guiding them through shared decision-making, but little has been published on how to do this. OBJECTIVES: To assess how directors of pediatric home ventilation programs facilitate shared decision-making with families facing decisions of whether to initiate or forgo long-term ventilation for their children with life-limiting conditions...
May 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522891/the-role-of-audiology-in-an-outpatient-interdisciplinary-post-trauma-clinic
#10
REVIEW
Lori Zitelli, Catherine V Palmer
Patients in the process of recovering from severe bodily injury will encounter several barriers to effective treatment. When present, untreated hearing loss can create additional obstacles in a process that is already difficult. This article describes an outpatient post-trauma clinic associated with a tertiary care hospital trauma unit that consolidates rehabilitation resources 2 weeks after inpatient discharge to help these patients on their path to recovery. The role of audiology in the interdisciplinary clinic is described and data related to services are presented...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511261/current-practice-and-the-future-of-deep-brain-stimulation-therapy-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Leonardo Almeida, Wissam Deeb, Chauncey Spears, Enrico Opri, Rene Molina, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Aysegul Gunduz, Christopher W Hess, Michael S Okun
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective therapy for Parkinson's disease patients experiencing motor fluctuations, medication-resistant tremor, and/or dyskinesia. Currently, the subthalamic nucleus and the globus pallidus internus are the two most widely used targets, with individual advantages and disadvantages influencing patient selection. Potential DBS patients are selected using the few existing guidelines and the available DBS literature, and many centers employ an interdisciplinary team review of the individual's risk-benefit profile...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508808/digital-media-for-primary-health-care-in-austria
#12
Johannes Kriegel, Linda Tuttle-Weidinger, Luise Reckwitz
Primary health care (PHC) is currently being improved in all developed industries. The aim is to make healthcare more patient-centered and close to the patient's place of residence. In addition to the organizational and interdisciplinary reorientation, the use of digital media is increasingly being emphasized. Through literature research and an online survey among Austrian doctors and general practitioners, the current and future challenges for the use of digital media in networked and regional primary health care were identified and prioritized...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508804/ehealth-networking-information-systems-the-new-quality-of-information-exchange
#13
Karin Messer-Misak, Christoph Reiter
BACKGROUND: The development and introduction of platforms that enable interdisciplinary exchange on current developments and projects in the area of eHealth have been stimulated by different authorities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to develop a repository of eHealth projects that will make the wealth of eHealth projects visible and enable mutual learning through the sharing of experiences and good practice. METHODS: The content of the database and search criteria as well as their categories were determined in close co-ordination and cooperation with stakeholders from the specialist areas...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503831/can-neuroscience-contribute-to-practical-ethics-a-critical-review-and-discussion-of-the-methodological-and-translational-challenges-of-the-neuroscience-of-ethics
#14
Eric Racine, Veljko Dubljević, Ralf J Jox, Bernard Baertschi, Julia F Christensen, Michele Farisco, Fabrice Jotterand, Guy Kahane, Sabine Müller
Neuroethics is an interdisciplinary field that arose in response to novel ethical challenges posed by advances in neuroscience. Historically, neuroethics has provided an opportunity to synergize different disciplines, notably proposing a two-way dialogue between an 'ethics of neuroscience' and a 'neuroscience of ethics'. However, questions surface as to whether a 'neuroscience of ethics' is a useful and unified branch of research and whether it can actually inform or lead to theoretical insights and transferable practical knowledge to help resolve ethical questions...
June 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500353/estimation-of-postmortem-interval-by-vitreous-potassium-evaluation-with-a-novel-fluorescence-aptasensor
#15
Yanjun Ding, Xingmei Li, Yadong Guo, Weicheng Duan, Jiang Ling, Lagabaiyla Zha, Jie Yan, Ying Zou, Jifeng Cai
Estimation of postmortem interval (PMI) is a central role in medico-legal identification. Analysis of vitreous potassium ions (K(+)) concentration is frequently used by forensic workers to estimate PMI. This paper describes interdisciplinary research to introduce fluorescence sensing techniques into forensic medicine. On the basis of silver nanoclusters (AgNCs) probe stabilized by DNA, a simple and highly sensitive fluorescence aptasensor has been proposed to selectively detect K(+) ions. The linear range for K(+) ions was found to be 0...
May 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495908/towards-cultural-materialism-in-the-medical-humanities-the-case-of-blood-rejuvenation
#16
Catherine Oakley
This paper argues for an approach within the medical humanities that draws on the theoretical legacy of cultural materialism as a framework for reading cultural practices and their relationship to the social and economic order. It revisits the origins and development of cultural materialism in cultural studies and literary studies between the 1970s and 1990s and considers how, with adaptation, this methodology might facilitate ideological criticism focused on material formations of health, disease and the human body...
May 11, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494770/exploring-linkages-between-research-policy-and-practice-in-the-netherlands-perspectives-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-knowledge-flows
#17
Billie de Haas, Anke van der Kwaak
BACKGROUND: The attention to and demand for stronger linkages between research, policy and practice are increasing, especially in fields concerned with sensitive and challenging issues such as sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The study described in this article was conducted in the Netherlands among actors working in international development, especially the domain of SRHR. It explores the perceived flow of knowledge between research, policy and practice, the perceived impeding factors, and suggested strategies for improvement...
May 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494481/enhanced-hip-fracture-management-use-of-statistical-methods-and-dataset-to-evaluate-a-fractured-neck-of-femur-fast-track-pathway-pilot-study
#18
Nigel Gilchrist, Kristian Dalzell, Scott Pearson, Gary Hooper, Kit Hoeben, Jeremy Hickling, John McKie, Ma Yi, Sandra Chamberlain, Caroline McCullough, Marc Gutenstein
The increasing elderly population and subsequent rise in total hip fracture(s) in this group means more effective management strategies are necessary to improve efficiency. We have changed our patient care strategy from the emergency department (ED), acute orthopaedic wards, operating theatre, post-operation and rehabilitation, and called it Fracture Neck of Femur Fast Track Pathway. All clinical data and actions were captured, integrated and displayed on a weekly basis using 'signalfromnoise' (SFN) software...
May 12, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493509/linking-public-health-nursing-competencies-and-service-learning-in-a-global-setting
#19
Cynthia L Brown
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators in baccalaureate programs are charged with addressing student competence in public health nursing practice. These educators are also responsible for creating nursing student opportunities for civic engagement and development of critical thinking skills. The IOM report (2010) on the Future of Nursing emphasizes the nurse educator's role in promoting collaborative partnerships that incorporate interdisciplinary and intraprofessional efforts to promote health...
May 11, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493242/-current-status-of-spine-surgery-in-germany-results-of-a-survey-of-members-of-the-german-spine-society
#20
Antje Marquardt, Stefanie Bühn, Dawid Pieper, Michael Rauschmann, Christoph Fleege
Background Mono- (MSS) and bisegmental spinal fusion (BSS) are frequently performed surgical interventions in German hospitals. Despite the high number of cases, only few data on treatment procedures and concepts for pre-, peri-, and postoperative care are available. The aim of the survey was to gain detailed insights into treatment procedures and medical approaches in elective MSS and BSS care in Germany in order to extract recommendations for improving patient care. Materials and Methods Members of the German Spine Society (DWG) were sent a newsletter, inviting them to participate in a survey; 209 senior physicians agreed to do so...
May 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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