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Interdisciplinary practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334984/interdisciplinary-working-in-public-health-research-a-proposed-good-practice-checklist
#1
L Gavens, J Holmes, G Bühringer, J McLeod, M Neumann, A Lingford-Hughes, E S Hock, P S Meier
Background: Guidance on how different disciplines from the natural, behavioural and social sciences can collaborate to resolve complex public health problems is lacking. This article presents a checklist to support researchers and principle investigators to develop and implement interdisciplinary collaborations. Methods: Fourteen individuals, representing 10 disciplines, participated in in-depth interviews to explore the strengths and challenges of working together on an interdisciplinary project to identify the determinants of substance use and gambling disorders, and to make recommendations for future interdisciplinary teams...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325997/a-comprehensive-approach-in-high-grade-glioma-management-position-statement-from-the-neuro-oncology-scientific-club-nosc-shiraz-iran
#2
REVIEW
Mansour Ansari, Ahmad Mosalaei, Niloufar Ahmadloo, Alireza Rasekhi, Bita Geramizadeh, Ali Razmkon, Kazem Anvari, Mohammad Afarid, Ali Dadras, Leila Nafarieh, Mohammad Mohammadianpanah, Hamid Nasrolahi, Seyed Hasan Hamedi, Shapour Omidvari, Mohammad Nami
Establishing a robust teamwork model in the practice of neuro-oncology requires continued interdisciplinary efforts. The Neuro-Oncology Scientific Club (NOSC) initiative is an interdisciplinary clinical forum promoting the comprehensive approach across involved disciplines in the management of central nervous system (CNS) malignancies. With its provincial founding panels and national steering board, NOSC has been operational in Iran since 2011. This initiative has pursued its mission through interval strategic meetings, tumor boards, case discussions as well as publishing neuro-oncology updates, case study periodicals, and newsletters...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321137/navigating-the-institutional-review-board-irb-process-for-pharmacy-related-research
#3
Marjorie Shaw Phillips, Osama Abdelghany, Susan Johnston, Rachel Rarus, Jennifer Austin-Szwak, Craig Kirkwood
Pharmacists' specialized training and knowledge qualify them to lead and engage in research pertaining to optimal medication use. Performing research promotes pharmacy professionalism and fosters interdisciplinary collaboration. To conduct research appropriately, one must have thorough knowledge of when institutional review board (IRB) approval is required and how to successfully navigate IRB processes. The overarching mission of the IRB overseeing research at an organization per federal guidelines is to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects participating in research...
February 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320372/effects-of-interdisciplinary-teamwork-on-patient-reported-experience-of-cancer-care
#4
Dominique Tremblay, Danièle Roberge, Nassera Touati, Elizabeth Maunsell, Djamal Berbiche
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary teamwork (ITW) is deemed necessary for quality cancer care practices. Nevertheless, variation in ITW intensity among cancer teams is understudied, and quantitative evidence of the effect of different ITW intensities among cancer teams on patients' perceived experience of care is limited. This study aims to compare patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) of cancer outpatients followed by teams characterized by high vs. low ITW intensity. METHODS: The study is designed as an ex post facto quasi-experimental study...
March 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301335/interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-maternal-mental-health
#5
Nancy Selix, Erin Henshaw, Alinne Barrera, Luba Botcheva, Erin Huie, Gabrielle Kaufman
One out of every five to seven births is affected by postpartum depression, making it the most common maternal health problem in the first year after childbirth. Early identification and treatment are essential, though screening and treatment rates are low. Factors that inhibit effective screening and treatment include lack of uniform screening policies in all maternal health settings, poor coordination of care between primary care and mental health services, coordination of community education efforts and resources, social stigma surrounding mental health treatment, and ineffective application of research and technology in the clinical setting...
March 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300094/mineral-supply-for-sustainable-development-requires-resource-governance
#6
Saleem H Ali, Damien Giurco, Nicholas Arndt, Edmund Nickless, Graham Brown, Alecos Demetriades, Ray Durrheim, Maria Amélia Enriquez, Judith Kinnaird, Anna Littleboy, Lawrence D Meinert, Roland Oberhänsli, Janet Salem, Richard Schodde, Gabi Schneider, Olivier Vidal, Natalia Yakovleva
Successful delivery of the United Nations sustainable development goals and implementation of the Paris Agreement requires technologies that utilize a wide range of minerals in vast quantities. Metal recycling and technological change will contribute to sustaining supply, but mining must continue and grow for the foreseeable future to ensure that such minerals remain available to industry. New links are needed between existing institutional frameworks to oversee responsible sourcing of minerals, trajectories for mineral exploration, environmental practices, and consumer awareness of the effects of consumption...
March 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292507/opioid-exit-plan-a-pharmacist-s-role-in-managing-acute-postoperative-pain
#7
Cheryl Genord, Timothy Frost, Deeb Eid
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of a pharmacist's involvement in medication reconciliation and discharge counseling are well documented in the literature as improving patient outcomes. In contrast, no studies have focused on the initiation of a pharmacist-led opioid exit plan (OEP) for acute postoperative pain management. This paper summarizes a pharmacist-led OEP practice model and the potential role that pharmacists and student pharmacists can have at the point of admission, during postoperative recovery, and on discharge in acute pain management patients...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#8
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291469/use-of-the-pain-assessment-screening-tool-and-outcomes-registry-in-an-army-interdisciplinary-pain-management-center-lessons-learned-and-future-implications-of-a-10-month-beta-test
#9
Diane M Flynn, Karon Cook, Michael Kallen, Chester Buckenmaier, Ricke Weickum, Teresa Collins, Ashley Johnson, Dawn Morgan, Kevin Galloway, Kristin Joltes
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Army Comprehensive Pain Management Campaign Plan was launched in 2010 to improve pain outcomes in military populations. Interdisciplinary Pain Management Centers (IPMCs) were established at every Army medical center, each offering a robust array of treatment options including conventional and complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) pain management therapies. The Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR) was developed to assess and track biopsychosocial aspects of pain management and to identify best treatment practices...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289775/-on-the-fast-track-to-diagnosis-recommendations-for-patients-without-a%C3%A2-diagnosis
#10
Christiane Stieber, Martin Mücke, Isabelle C Windheuser, Lorenz Grigull, Frank Klawonn, Sinem Tunc, Alexander Münchau, Thomas Klockgether
BACKGROUND: Patients, who have spent many years without a proper diagnosis present an extraordinary problem to health care providers and to the healthcare system as a whole. A long 'diagnostic journey' increases the risk of disease chronification, as well as the number of therapy attempts, which could lead to iatrogenic impairment. New resources and specialized health care departments are being developed to help and support this patient group. One example of such department is the Interdisciplinary Competence Unit for Patients without a Diagnosis at the center for rare diseases in Bonn (ZSEB), Germany...
March 13, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285403/her2-testing-in-gastric-cancer-results-of-a-german-expert-meeting
#11
REVIEW
Florian Lordick, Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Manfred Dietel, Timo Gaiser, Ralf-Dieter Hofheinz, Thomas Kirchner, Hans H Kreipe, Sylvie Lorenzen, Markus Möhler, Alexander Quaas, Christoph Röcken, Josef Rüschoff, Andrea Tannapfel, Peter Thuss-Patience, Gustavo Baretton
Valid HER2 testing is essential for optimal therapy of patients with HER2-positive gastric cancer and the correct use of first-line chemotherapy. While testing for HER2 status in breast cancer is routinely performed, this is not the case for HER2 testing in gastric cancer and it is usually only performed on clinician request. An interdisciplinary German expert group (pathologists and clinicians) took the challenges of HER2 testing in gastric cancer as an opportunity to address essential aspects and questions for the practical use of HER2 testing in this indication...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281329/addiction-an-underestimated-problem-in-psoriasis-healthcare
#12
A Zink, M Herrmann, T Fischer, F Lauffer, N Garzorz-Stark, A Böhner, C D Spinner, T Biedermann, K Eyerich
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a disease of enormous socio-economic impact. Despite approval of numerous highly efficient and costly therapies, a minor proportion of severely affected patients actually receives sufficient treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether addictions are associated with psoriasis and to develop evidence-based recommendations for dermatologists in their daily clinical practice in order to improve medical assessment of psoriasis and patients' quality of life...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280910/-first-manifestation-of-leg-ulcers-analysis-of-data-from-1000-patients
#13
A Körber, F Jockenhöfer, W Sondermann, M Stoffels-Weindorf, J Dissemond
BACKGROUND: More than 1 million people in Germany suffer from leg ulcers. The diagnosis leg ulcer summarizes many different etiologies. The therapy of leg ulcers is an interdisciplinary and interprofessional challenge. Early identification of the cause of the leg ulcer and initiation of a causal therapy are essential for healing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the initial manifestation age of patients with causally associated leg ulcers. Afterwards we calculated the most common etiologies according to decade...
March 9, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280722/tissue-engineered-solutions-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-principles-and-practice
#14
REVIEW
Sarah Al-Himdani, Zita M Jessop, Ayesha Al-Sabah, Emman Combellack, Amel Ibrahim, Shareen H Doak, Andrew M Hart, Charles W Archer, Catherine A Thornton, Iain S Whitaker
Recent advances in microsurgery, imaging, and transplantation have led to significant refinements in autologous reconstructive options; however, the morbidity of donor sites remains. This would be eliminated by successful clinical translation of tissue-engineered solutions into surgical practice. Plastic surgeons are uniquely placed to be intrinsically involved in the research and development of laboratory engineered tissues and their subsequent use. In this article, we present an overview of the field of tissue engineering, with the practicing plastic surgeon in mind...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274238/the-health-impact-of-trade-and-investment-agreements-a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-network-co-citation-analysis
#15
Pepita Barlow, Martin McKee, Sanjay Basu, David Stuckler
BACKGROUND: Regional trade agreements are major international policy instruments that shape macro-economic and political systems. There is widespread debate as to whether and how these agreements pose risks to public health. Here we perform a comprehensive systematic review of quantitative studies of the health impact of trade and investment agreements. We identified studies from searches in PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Global Health Online. Research articles were eligible for inclusion if they were quantitative studies of the health impacts of trade and investment agreements or policy...
March 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273528/the-effectiveness-of-concept-mapping-on-development-of-critical-thinking-in-nursing-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Meng Yue, Meng Zhang, Chunmei Zhang, Changde Jin
OBJECTIVES: As an essential skill in daily clinical nursing practice, critical thinking ability has been an important objective in nursing education. Concept mapping enables nursing students connect new information to existing knowledge and integrates interdisciplinary knowledge. However, there is a lack of evidence related to critical thinking ability and concept mapping in nursing education. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of concept mapping in developing critical thinking in nursing education...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272294/use-of-high-fidelity-simulation-to-enhance-interdisciplinary-collaboration-and-reduce-patient-falls
#17
April A Bursiek, Matthew R Hopkins, Daniel M Breitkopf, Pamela L Grubbs, Mary Ellen Joswiak, Janee M Klipfel, Kristine M Johnson
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed to determine the effect of nurse/physician interdisciplinary team training on patient falls. Specifically, we evaluated team training in a simulation center as a method for targeting and minimizing breakdowns in perceptions of respect, collaboration, communication, and role misunderstanding behaviors between care disciplines. METHODS: Registered nurses (RNs) were randomly assigned to participate. Residents were divided into groups and assigned based on their availability and clinical responsibility...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269238/social-norms-of-good-design-interdisciplinary-perspectives-from-a-survey-of-engineers-and-clinicians-in-bioengineering
#18
Angela N Johnson
In bioengineering training for new researchers and engineers, a great deal of time is spent discussing what constitutes "good" design. Conceptualization of good design, however, varies widely across interdisciplinary team members, with potential to both foster innovation or lead to unproductive conflict. To explore how groups central to bioengineering teams (physicians/clinicians and engineers/physicists) conceptualize good design, we asked 176 professionals in bioengineering to complete a comprehensive online survey including items designed to assess cognitive and moral foundations (validated MFQ30 tool) and custom items assessing perceptions on good design in three areas (good design characteristics, reputation of design approvers, and perceived design patient/consumer suitability)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267771/challenges-in-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-surgery-national-survey-and-current-practice-guidelines
#19
Sameer A Dhayat, Philip Mirgorod, Christina Lenschow, Norbert Senninger, Christoph Anthoni, Thorsten Vowinkel
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains one of the most deadly cancers in Europe and the USA. There is consensus that radical tumor surgery is the only viable option for any long-term survival in patients with PDAC. So far, limited data are available regarding the routine surgical management of patients with advanced PDAC in the light of surgical guidelines. METHODS: A national survey on perioperative management of patients with PDAC and currently applied criteria on their tumor resectability in German university and community hospitals was carried out...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266920/morbidity-and-mortality-conferences-a-narrative-review-of-strategies-to-prioritize-quality-improvement
#20
Vanessa Giesbrecht, Selena Au
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and mortality conference (MMC) provides a valuable opportunity to review patient care processes and safety concerns, aligning with a growing quality improvement (QI) mandate. Yet the structure, processes, and aims of many MMCs are often ill-defined. This review summarizes strategies employed by medical, surgical, and critical care departments in the development of patient safety-centered MMCs. METHODS: A structured narrative review of literature was conducted using combinations of the search terms "morbidity and mortality conference(s)," "morbidity and mortality meetings," or "morbidity and mortality round(s)...
November 2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
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