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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150716/slow-life-histories-in-lizards-living-in-the-highlands-of-the-andes-mountains
#1
Jorgelina M Boretto, Facundo Cabezas-Cartes, Nora R Ibargüengoytía
In the highlands of the Andes, lizards must balance precisely the allocation of energy for growth and reproduction to ensure their survival. We studied the individuals' age, growth rates, age at sexual maturity, and maximum life span of the viviparous lizard Phymaturus antofagastensis, endemic of cold and harsh environments at high altitudes in the Andes Mountains of Catamarca province, Argentina. We also estimated key life history parameters like reproductive effort, lifetime reproductive effort, net reproductive rate, and relative reproductive time in P...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150648/shedding-light-on-the-neonatal-brain-probing-cerebral-hemodynamics-by-diffuse-optical-spectroscopic-methods
#2
Parisa Farzam, Erin M Buckley, Pei-Yi Lin, Katherine Hagan, P Ellen Grant, Terrie Eleanor Inder, Stefan A Carp, Maria Angela Franceschini
Investigating the cerebral physiology of healthy term newborns' brains is important for better understanding perinatal brain injuries, of which the most common etiologies are hypoxia and ischemia. Hence, cerebral blood flow and cerebral oxygenation are important biomarkers of brain health. In this study, we employed a hybrid diffuse optical system consisting of diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) and frequency-domain near infrared spectroscopy (FDNIRS) to measure hemoglobin concentration, oxygen saturation, and indices of cerebral blood flow and metabolism...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150143/life-after-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcomes
#3
Robert Shisler, Jennifer A Sinnott, Vivian Wang, Courtney Hebert, Ritu Salani, Ashley S Felix
BACKGROUND: Women with endometrial cancer (EC) are the second largest population of female cancer survivors in the United States. However, the outcomes of EC survivors, from the patient perspective, are not well-understood. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following an EC diagnosis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, CINAHL, and reference lists to identify published observational studies that examined PROs among women with EC...
November 14, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150010/androgen-deprivation-alters-attention-to-sexually-provocative-visual-stimuli-in-elderly-men
#4
Jaime L Palmer-Hague, Vivian Tsang, Charlenn Skead, Richard J Wassersug, Eleni Nasiopoulos, Alan Kingstone
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone is known to regulate male sexual interest, but the exact way that androgens influence men's sexual cognition remains unclear. AIM: To investigate the influence of androgen deprivation (AD) on visual responses to sexually suggestive stimuli in men treated for prostate cancer with AD therapy. METHODS: Patients with AD-treated prostate cancer, patients with prostate cancer not on AD therapy, and age-matched healthy control participants were exposed to images of male and female runway models fully or minimally clothed...
December 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149968/effects-of-renal-transplantation-on-female-sexual-dysfunction-comparative-study-with-hemodialysis-and-a-control-group
#5
F O Kurtulus, M Y Salman, A Fazlioglu, B Fazlioglu
OBJECTIVES: Sexual dysfunction occurs commonly in individuals with end-stage renal disease. Chronic renal failure as well as the treatments used for it generally has a negative impact on sexual function with a subsequent increase in the risk of depression. There is scarcity of published data on female sexual dysfunction and the degree of improvement in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and transplant (Tx) recipients. The aim of this study was to compare the sexual function and degree of depression in HD and Tx patients with control group...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149683/online-sexual-solicitation-by-adults-and-peers-results-from-a-population-based-german-sample
#6
Halina Sklenarova, Anja Schulz, Petya Schuhmann, Michael Osterheider, Janina Neutze
Prevalence of Internet use among adolescents is high, but little is known about the online sexual activities of German adolescents. This study aimed to describe the 12-month prevalence of German adolescents' online sexual experiences with a focus on Online Sexual Solicitation (OSS, subjectively negative online sexual experiences with a peer or any sexual online experience, positive or negative, with an adult). A sample of male and female adolescents aged 14-17 (N=2238) was recruited using online survey panel...
November 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149503/sexual-functioning-among-young-adult-cancer-patients-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#7
Chiara Acquati, Brad J Zebrack, Anna C Faul, Leanne Embry, Christine Aguilar, Rebecca Block, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, David R Freyer, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related sexual dysfunction has been reported among adolescents and young adults (AYAs); however, its prevalence over time has not been examined. This longitudinal study investigated sexual dysfunction in AYAs over the course of 2 years after the initial diagnosis. METHODS: Young adult patients (18-39 years old) completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sexual Functioning Scale within the first 4 months of their diagnosis (n = 123) and again 6 (n = 107) and 24 months later (n = 95)...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148039/3d-analysis-of-sexual-dimorphism-in-size-shape-and-breathing-kinematics-of-human-lungs
#8
Nicole Torres-Tamayo, Daniel García-Martínez, Stephanie Lois Zlolniski, Isabel Torres-Sánchez, Francisco García-Río, Markus Bastir
Sexual dimorphism in the human respiratory system has been previously reported at the skeletal (cranial and thoracic) level, but also at the pulmonary level. Regarding lungs, foregoing studies have yielded sex-related differences in pulmonary size as well as lung shape details, but different methodological approaches have led to discrepant results on differences in respiratory patterns between males and females. The purpose of this study is to analyse sexual dimorphism in human lungs during forced respiration using 3D geometric morphometrics...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147810/acceptability-of-a-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-vaginal-ring-for-hiv-prevention-among-women-in-new-york-city
#9
Dana Watnick, Marla J Keller, Kimberly Stein, Laurie J Bauman
Vaginal rings for pre-exposure prophylaxis are a female-initiated HIV prevention method that does not require daily or coitally-dependent dosing. As part of a randomized placebo-controlled trial of a tenofovir disoproxil fumarate intravaginal ring, we assessed product acceptability through in-depth interviews with 18 women during and after 14 days of continuous use. Women reported that the ring was comfortable with few side effects, regardless of experimental arm. However, interest in future use by this cohort was modest for several reasons including: low self-perceived HIV risk; concern that use implied promiscuity; potential for interference with relationship formation and trust; concern for interference with menstruation and cleanliness; and worries about partners' acceptability and sexual pleasure...
November 16, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146219/sexual-function-in-couples-with-or-without-female-incontinent-partners-correlates-and-predictors
#10
Renly Lim, Men Long Liong, Wing Seng Leong, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Kah Hay Yuen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between sexual function of couples with and without stress urinary incontinence (SUI) partners, and to identify predictors of poor sexual function. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted involving sexually active females with or without SUI aged at least 21 years old, and their respective partners. Both partners completed the Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS), a 28-item multidimensional measure with separate forms for male and female designed to assess sexual satisfaction of both partners...
November 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145825/assembling-large-genomes-analysis-of-the-stick-insect-clitarchus-hookeri-genome-reveals-a-high-repeat-content-and-sex-biased-genes-associated-with-reproduction
#11
Chen Wu, Victoria G Twort, Ross N Crowhurst, Richard D Newcomb, Thomas R Buckley
BACKGROUND: Stick insects (Phasmatodea) have a high incidence of parthenogenesis and other alternative reproductive strategies, yet the genetic basis of reproduction is poorly understood. Phasmatodea includes nearly 3000 species, yet only the genome of Timema cristinae has been published to date. Clitarchus hookeri is a geographical parthenogenetic stick insect distributed across New Zealand. Sexual reproduction dominates in northern habitats but is replaced by parthenogenesis in the south...
November 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144853/sexual-experiences-in-transgender-people-the-role-of-desire-for-gender-confirming-interventions-psychological-well-being-and-body-satisfaction
#12
Sanne W C Nikkelen, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
We examined the role of gender confirming treatment (i.e., hormonal treatment and genital surgery; GCT), psychological well-being, and body satisfaction in the sexual feelings and behaviors of transgender adults. A survey was conducted among a non-clinical sample of 325 male-to-female and 251 female-to-male Dutch adults (17-76yr, Mage = 41.87), divided into those with no GCT desire, those who desired (more) GCT, and those who completed GCT. Findings indicated that whereas GCT may positively affect sexual feelings, particularly in MtF's, body satisfaction may play an even bigger role...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142833/the-effect-of-long-term-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-suppressive-therapy-on-the-gonadal-steroid-hormones-of-patients-with-thyroid-carcinoma-after-surgery
#13
Xiaoli Liu, Ying Zhou, Nan Liang, Yang Hong, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Hui Sun
Background: To analyze the effect of long-term thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressive therapy on the gonadal hormones and related symptoms in patients after surgery. Methods: From 2008 to 2011, totally 238 patients were recruited, who underwent thyroid surgery and subsequent TSH suppression treatment in Department of thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union hospital, Jilin University. Then their postoperative follow-up data (3-8 years) were collected, including operational method, pathological diagnosis, whether processed radioiodine therapy and the period/dose of TSH suppression treatment...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142451/sexual-functioning-beliefs-about-sexual-functioning-and-quality-of-life-of-women-with-infertility-problems
#14
Prathibha Agustus, Manjula Munivenkatappa, Padmini Prasad
Background: The study was conducted in the background of paucity of studies examining the sexual and psychosocial functioning of women with infertility. Aims: The study explored sexual functioning in women with infertility problems, their beliefs about sexuality and their quality of life. Settings and Design: A single group exploratory design with non-probability purposive sampling was used. A total of 30 participants diagnosed with primary infertility were included in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142204/sociospatial-structure-explains-marked-variation-in-brucellosis-seroprevalence-in-an-alpine-ibex-population
#15
Pascal Marchand, Pauline Freycon, Jean-Philippe Herbaux, Yvette Game, Carole Toïgo, Emmanuelle Gilot-Fromont, Sophie Rossi, Jean Hars
In a context of (re)emerging infectious diseases with wildlife reservoirs, understanding how animal ecology shapes epidemiology is a key issue, particularly in wild ungulates that share pathogens with domestic herbivores and have similar food requirements. For the first time in Europe, brucellosis (Brucella melitensis), a virulent zoonosis, persisted in an Alpine ibex (Capra ibex) population and was transmitted to cattle and humans. To better understand disease dynamics, we investigated the relationships between the spatial ecology of ibex and the epidemiology of brucellosis...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142115/males-harm-females-less-when-competing-with-familiar-relatives
#16
Samuel J Lymbery, Leigh W Simmons
Sexual conflict occurs when reproductive partners have different fitness optima, and can lead to the evolution of traits in one sex that inflict fitness costs on the opposite sex. Recently, it has been proposed that antagonism by males towards females should be reduced when they compete with relatives, because reducing the future productivity of a female would result in an indirect fitness cost for a harmful male. We tested this prediction in the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus, the males of which harm females with genital spines and pre-copulatory harassment...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141230/sub-minute-phosphoregulation-of-cell-cycle-systems-during-plasmodium-gamete-formation
#17
Brandon M Invergo, Mathieu Brochet, Lu Yu, Jyoti Choudhary, Pedro Beltrao, Oliver Billker
The transmission of malaria parasites to mosquitoes relies on the rapid induction of sexual reproduction upon their ingestion into a blood meal. Haploid female and male gametocytes become activated and emerge from their host cells, and the males enter the cell cycle to produce eight microgametes. The synchronized nature of gametogenesis allowed us to investigate phosphorylation signaling during its first minute in Plasmodium berghei via a high-resolution time course of the phosphoproteome. This revealed an unexpectedly broad response, with proteins related to distinct cell cycle events undergoing simultaneous phosphoregulation...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140905/gender-confirmation-surgery-using-the-pedicle-transverse-colon-flap-for-vaginal-reconstruction-a-clinical-outcome-and-sexual-function-evaluation-study
#18
Oscar J Manrique, M Diya Sabbagh, Pedro Ciudad, Jorys Martinez-Jorge, Kidakorn Kiranantawat, Ngamcherd Sitpahul, Todd B Nippoldt, Ali Charafeddine, Hung-Chi Chen
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal reconstruction and vaginoplasty are indicated in vaginal agenesis, following pelvic tumor resection, trauma and for gender confirmation surgery. Different surgical options have been described when using these techniques. Herein, we present the clinical outcomes and sexual function evaluation using the pedicle transverse colon flap (TCF) for gender confirmation surgery in transgender women. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of all transgender women who underwent gender confirmation surgery using the pedicle TCF...
November 11, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140584/the-association-between-female-genital-fistula-symptoms-and-gender-based-violence-a-multi-country-secondary-analysis-of-household-survey-data
#19
Lindsay Mallick, Vandana Tripathi
OBJECTIVE: The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula. This study sought to examine associations between self-reported fistula symptoms and experience of gender-based violence (GBV) among women interviewed in DHS surveys. METHODS: This study used data from thirteen DHS surveys with standardized fistula and domestic violence modules...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140563/-stink-flirting-in-ring-tailed-lemurs-lemur-catta-male-olfactory-displays-to-females-as-honest-costly-signals
#20
Amber D Walker-Bolton, Joyce A Parga
Sexual selection for honest behavioral displays of quality has driven the development of remarkably complex courtship behavior in many animal species. Olfactory displays are often overlooked as an area of inquiry compared to auditory and visual displays. Ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) scent marking of substrates has been studied extensively, although the male olfactory displays of anointing and wafting tails to females has received relatively little attention. We studied the role of male olfactory displays to females, evaluating whether such signals function as honest, costly signals of male dominance status in two groups of wild L...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
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