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Monopolar radiofrequency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420589/comparison-of-switching-bipolar-ablation-with-multiple-cooled-wet-electrodes-and-switching-monopolar-ablation-with-separable-clustered-electrode-in-treatment-of-small-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Won Chang, Jeong Min Lee, Dong Ho Lee, Jeong Hee Yoon, Yoon Jun Kim, Jung Hwan Yoon, Joon Koo Han
OBJECTIVE: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to prospectively compare the therapeutic effectiveness of switching bipolar (SB) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) using cooled-wet electrodes and switching monopolar (SM) RFA using separable clustered (SC) electrodes in patients with hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board. Between April 2014 and January 2015, sixty-nine patients with 74 HCCs were randomly treated with RFA using either internally cooled-wet (ICW) electrodes in SB mode (SB-RFA, n = 36) or SC electrodes in SM mode (SM-RFA, n = 38)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415262/anatomical-comparison-of-radiofrequency-ablation-techniques-for-sacroiliac-joint-pain
#2
Shannon L Roberts, Alison Stout, Eldon Y Loh, Nathan Swain, Paul Dreyfuss, Anne M Agur
Objective: To compare the percentage of sacral lateral branches (LBs) that would be captured if lesions were created by seven current sacroiliac joint (SIJ) radiofrequency ablation (RFA) techniques: three monopolar and four bipolar. Design: Cadaveric fluoroscopy study. Setting: Anatomy and surgical skills laboratories. Subjects: Forty cadaveric SIJs. Methods: LBs were exposed, radiopaque wires were sutured to LBs, and anterior-posterior fluoroscopic images through the S1 superior endplate were obtained...
February 5, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402149/ex-vivo-comparison-between-thyroid-dedicated-bipolar-and-monopolar-radiofrequency-electrodes
#3
Ra Gyoung Yoon, Jung Hwan Baek, Sae Rom Chung, Young Jun Choi, Jeong Hyun Lee
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the characteristics of a thyroid-dedicated bipolar RF electrode (BRFE) and compared its ablation performance with that of monopolar RF electrodes (MRFEs) in normal bovine liver blocks Methods: BRFE was tested on 60 bovine liver blocks with six different time-power combinations, applying 20, 30, and 40 watts (W) for 60 and 120 seconds (sec). Subsequently, BRFE and MRFEs with 0.5-, 0.7- and 1-cm active tips were applied on 160 bovine liver blocks, creating 16 time-electrode combinations (10, 30, 60, 120 sec)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330080/use-of-a-pulsed-radiofrequency-energy-device-peak-plasmablade%C3%A2-in-neuromodulation-implant-revisions
#4
I Ughratdar, K A Kawsar, R Mitchell, R Selway, K Ashkan
BACKGROUND: Battery replacement or revision surgery for neuromodulation implants is conventionally performed using sharp dissection. Meticulous dissection within thick scar tissue is vital to avoid damage to surrounding lead(s) which could result in more extensive revision surgery. Traditional electrosurgery devices are contraindicated as the emitted energy can be transferred to the hardware resulting in implant or tissue damage with severe consequent complications. OBJECTIVE: We report our experience and potential applications of a novel, pulsed monopolar radiofrequency energy device (PEAK PlasmaBlade™, Medtronic plc) which facilitates dissection around implants without the risk of damaging or transmitting energy through the system...
January 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308927/skin-thermophysiological-effects-of-448-khz-capacitive-resistive-monopolar-radiofrequency-in-healthy-adults-a-randomised-crossover-study-and-comparison-with-pulsed-shortwave-therapy
#5
Binoy Kumaran, Tim Watson
Radiofrequency-based electrophysical agents (EPA) have been used in therapy practice over several decades (e.g., shortwave therapies). Currently, there is insufficient evidence supporting such devices operating below shortwave frequencies. This laboratory-based study investigated the skin physiological effects of 448 kHz capacitive resistive monopolar radiofrequency (CRMRF) and compared them to pulsed shortwave therapy (PSWT). In a randomised crossover study, seventeen healthy volunteers received four treatment conditions - High, Low and Placebo dose conditions receiving 15-min CRMRF treatment and a Control condition receiving no intervention...
January 8, 2018: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308914/numerical-study-to-establish-relationship-between-coagulation-volume-and-target-tip-temperature-during-temperature-controlled-radiofrequency-ablation
#6
Sundeep Singh, Ramjee Repaka
The present study aims at proposing a relationship between the coagulation volume and the target tip temperature in different tissues (viz., liver, lung, kidney, and breast) during temperature-controlled radiofrequency ablation (RFA). A 20-min RFA has been modelled using commercially available monopolar multi-tine electrode subjected to different target tip temperatures that varied from 70°C to 100°C with an increment of 10°C. A closed-loop feedback proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller has been employed within the finite element model to perform temperature-controlled RFA...
January 8, 2018: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235992/avoiding-neuromuscular-stimulation-in-liver-irreversible-electroporation-using-radiofrequency-electric-fields
#7
Quim Castellví, Borja Mercadal, Xavier Moll, Dolors Fondevila, Anna Andaluz, Antoni Ivorra
Electroporation based treatments typically consist in applying high voltage dc pulses. As an undesired side effect, these dc pulses cause electrical stimulation of excitable tissues such as motor nerves. In the present in vivo study, it was explored the use of bursts of sinusoidal voltage in the frequency range from 50 kHz to 2 MHz to induce irreversible electroporation (IRE) whilst avoiding neuromuscular stimulation. Series of 100 dc pulses or sinusoidal bursts, both with an individual duration of 100 µs, were delivered to rabbit liver through thin needles in a monopolar electrode configuration and thoracic movements were recorded with an accelerometer...
December 13, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224639/a-multinational-clinical-approach-to-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-catheter-based-ultrasound-renal-denervation-the-radiance-htn-and-require-clinical-study-designs
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Laura Mauri, Kazuomi Kario, Jan Basile, Joost Daemen, Justin Davies, Ajay J Kirtane, Felix Mahfoud, Roland E Schmieder, Michael Weber, Shinsuke Nanto, Michel Azizi
Catheter-based renal denervation is a new approach to treat hypertension via modulation of the renal sympathetic nerves. Although nonrandomized and small, open-label randomized studies resulted in significant reductions in office blood pressure 6months after renal denervation with monopolar radiofrequency catheters, the first prospective, randomized, sham-controlled study (Symplicity HTN-3) failed to meet its blood pressure efficacy end point. New clinical trials with new catheters have since been designed to address the limitations of earlier studies...
January 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182498/effect-of-single-session-cryogen-cooled-monopolar-radiofrequency-therapy-on-sexual-function-in-women-with-vaginal-laxity-the-viveve-i-trial
#9
Michael Krychman, Christopher G Rowan, Bruce B Allan, Scott Durbin, Ashley Yacoubian, Deborah Wilkerson
OBJECTIVE: This subanalysis of the VIVEVE I trial aimed to evaluate the impact of cryogen-cooled monopolar radiofrequency (CMRF) therapy, for the treatment of vaginal laxity, on the domains of sexual function included in the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The VIVEVE I clinical trial was prospective, randomized, single-blind, and Sham-controlled. Nine clinical study centers in Canada, Italy, Spain, and Japan were included. This subanalysis included premenopausal women with self-reported vaginal laxity who had ≥1 term vaginal delivery and a baseline FSFI total score ≤26...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135099/tissue-injury-of-the-remnant-liver-following-radiofrequency-assisted-partial-hepatectomy
#10
Petros Ypsilantis, Maria Lambropoulou, Anastasios Karayiannakis, Miroslav Milicevic, Predrag Bulajic, Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Eleni Sioka, Constantinos Simopoulos
PURPOSE: To evaluate remnant liver tissue damage in a pig model of radiofrequency (RF)-assisted liver resection employing either the sequential coagulate cut (SCC) Belgrade technique using a monopolar RF electrode or the one using the bipolar Habib-4x device. METHODS: Sixteen pigs underwent either a) resection of part of the left lateral and left median hepatic lobes employing the SCC (SCC group), the Habib-4X (H group) or the "crushclamp" technique (CC group) or b) sham operation (Sham group)...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089682/ct-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-in-osteoid-osteoma-result-from-a-tertiary-cancer-centre-in-india
#11
Suyash S Kulkarni, Nitin S Shetty, Ashwin M Polnaya, Amit Janu, Suresh Kumar, Ajay Puri, Ashish Gulia, Venkatesh Rangarajan
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency (RF) ablation as a minimally invasive therapy for osteoid osteoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained data of 43 symptomatic osteoid osteoma patients who were treated by radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Forty out of 43 patients were naive cases and underwent primary treatment for osteoid osteoma with RFA, whereas 3 patients included in the study underwent RFA for local recurrence after having undergone surgical treatment...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078867/hand-to-hand-coupling-and-strategies-to-minimize-unintentional-energy-transfer-during-laparoscopic-surgery
#12
Douglas M Overbey, Sarah A Hilton, Brandon C Chapman, Nicole T Townsend, Carlton C Barnett, Thomas N Robinson, Edward L Jones
BACKGROUND: Energy-based devices are used in nearly every laparoscopic operation. Radiofrequency energy can transfer to nearby instruments via antenna and capacitive coupling without direct contact. Previous studies have described inadvertent energy transfer through bundled cords and nonelectrically active wires. The purpose of this study was to describe a new mechanism of stray energy transfer from the monopolar instrument through the operating surgeon to the laparoscopic telescope and propose practical measures to decrease the risk of injury...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032589/microscopic-assessment-of-the-tissue-sparing-potential-of-radiofrequency-assisted-liver-resection-techniques-in-a-porcine-model
#13
Petros Ypsilantis, Maria Lambropoulou, Miroslav Milicevic, Predrag Bulajic, Anastasios Karayiannakis, Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Constantinos Simopoulos
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to microscopically assess the tissue-sparing potential of contemporary radiofrequency-assisted liver resection (RF-LR) techniques. METHODS: Twenty-four pigs were subjected to either (1) partial hepatectomy (PH) using the sequential-coagulate-cut (SCC) technique (group SCC, n = 6) using a monopolar electrode, the technique using the bipolar electrode Habib-4X (group H, n = 6) or the "crush-clamp" technique (group CC, n = 6); or (2) sham operation (group Sham, n = 6)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031662/percutaneous-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-state-of-the-art-and-innovations
#14
REVIEW
Jean-Charles Nault, Olivier Sutter, Pierre Nahon, Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Olivier Séror
Percutaneous treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) encompasses a vast range of techniques, including monopolar radiofrequency ablation (RFA), multibipolar RFA, microwave ablation, cryoablation and irreversible electroporation. RFA is considered to be one of the main curative treatments for HCC of less than 5 cm developing on cirrhosis, together with surgical resection and liver transplantation. However, controversies exist concerning the respective roles of ablation and liver resection for HCC of less than 3 to 5 cm on cirrhosis...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017400/minimally-invasive-method-to-activate-the-expiratory-muscles-to-restore-cough
#15
Anthony F DiMarco, Robert T Geertman, Kutaiba Tabbaa, Rebecca R Polito, Krzysztof E Kowalski
CONTEXT: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) via disc electrodes surgically placed via laminotomy incisions has been shown to restore an effective cough in subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new method of expiratory muscle activation utilizing spinal cord wire leads, which can be implanted with minimally invasive techniques. METHODS: In a subject with SCI, parallel wire leads with two electrode contacts were inserted percutaneously through a needle, advanced to the T9, T11 spinal levels and connected to an implanted radiofrequency receiver...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940666/successful-treatment-of-trichoepithelioma-with-a-novel-insulated-monopolar-radiofrequency-microneedle-device
#16
J Y Hong, J Seok, J M Kim, Y J Jang, B J Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934795/comparisons-of-lesion-volumes-and-shapes-produced-by-a-radiofrequency-system-with-a-cooled-a-protruding-or-a-monopolar-probe
#17
David L Cedeno, Alejandro Vallejo, Courtney A Kelley, Dana M Tilley, Nitesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation for denervation has been utilized for decades in chronic pain management. This relies on the proper targeting of the affected nerve which may be obtained by creating an ablation lesion with a shape and volume that optimizes targeting. Various systems designed to improve lesion size are available. These include cooling the active tip (cooled-RF) and protruding the RF electrode outside the active tip (PERF). OBJECTIVES: This study compares lesion volumes of 3 commercially available RF systems: cooled-RF, "V" shaped active cannula and protruding electrode (18 g and 20 g), and monopolar RF (MRF; 16 g, 18 g, and 20 g)...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902023/novel-modality-for-neck-rejuvenation-a-prospective-multicenter-trial-of-percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-of-the-cervical-branch-of-the-facial-nerve
#18
Daniel Rivlin, D Ryan Skinner, Christina Y Steinmetz-Rodriguez, Jordan S Fabrikant, Marie A Stoddard, Jeffrey J So, Shauntell J Solomon, Ronald L Moy
BACKGROUND: Neck rejuvenation offers few modalities of treatments limited to either invasive plastic surgery or temporary neuromodulation using botulinum toxin. OBJECTIVE: To access the efficacy, longevity, and safety of percutaneous monopolar radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the cervical branch of the facial nerve innervating the platysma for neck rejuvenation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, multicenter trial enrolled 19 adult patients with noticeable platysmal banding at 2 different centers...
September 8, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902019/a-randomized-evaluator-blinded-trial-comparing-subsurface-monopolar-radiofrequency-with-microfocused-ultrasound-for-lifting-and-tightening-of-the-neck
#19
Isabela T Jones, Isabella Guiha, Mitchel P Goldman, Douglas C Wu
BACKGROUND: Both subsurface monopolar radiofrequency (SMRF) and microfocused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V) have demonstrated the ability to lift and tighten the neck. No head-to-head comparison study exists of these 2 technologies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of SMRF and MFU-V for the lifting and tightening of neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty subjects aged from 18 to 65 with moderate neck skin laxity were randomized to receive either one treatment of SMRF or MFU-V...
September 8, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895981/radiofrequency-thermocoagulation-for-the-treatment-of-lower-extremity-ischemic-pain-comparison-of-monopolar-and-bipolar-modes
#20
Dilek Destegül, Geylan Işık, Hayri Özbek, Hakkı Ünlügenç, Murat Ilgınel
OBJECTIVES: Radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFT) has been reported to be used safely to treat ischemic lower extremity pain. The objective of the present study was to evaluate efficiency of RFT for treatment of lower extremity ischemic pain and to compare effectiveness of monopolar RFT and bipolar RFT modes. METHODS: Following ethics committee approval, 30 American Society of Anesthesiologists classification I-III patients with ischemic lower extremity pain aged between 18 and 65 years were recruited...
April 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
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