keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

post trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212927/patients-with-chronic-dizziness-following-traumatic-head-injury-typically-have-multiple-diagnoses-involving-combined-peripheral-and-central-vestibular-dysfunction
#2
Q Arshad, R E Roberts, H Ahmad, R Lobo, M Patel, T Ham, D J Sharp, B M Seemungal
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesised that chronic vestibular symptoms (CVS) of imbalance and dizziness post-traumatic head injury (THI) may relate to: (i) the occurrence of multiple simultaneous vestibular diagnoses including both peripheral and central vestibular dysfunction in individual patients increasing the chance of missed diagnoses and suboptimal treatment; (ii) an impaired response to vestibular rehabilitation since the central mechanisms that mediate rehabilitation related brain plasticity may themselves be disrupted...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212252/health-literacy-in-orthopaedic-trauma-patients
#3
Filip Cosic, Lara Kimmel, Elton Edwards
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the level of health literacy in a postoperative orthopaedic trauma population and to evaluate the efficacy of a simple predischarge discussion strategy, targeted at improving health literacy. DESIGN: A pre-post intervention study was conducted from April 2014 to January 2015. SETTING: Academic Level 1 trauma center. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred ninety consecutive orthopaedic trauma patients with operatively managed lower limb fractures were recruited...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211592/a-methodology-for-assessing-deployment-trauma-and-its-consequences-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-the-tracts-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Jennifer R Fonda, Catherine Brawn Fortier
Many US veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq have multiple physical and psychiatric problems. A major focus of research has been on determining the effects of mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), but mTBI is rarely diagnosed in the absence of co-occurring conditions such as blast exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, substance abuse, etc. These potentially interactive psychological and physical conditions produce complex patterns of cognitive, psychological, and physical symptoms that impede civilian reintegration and complicate efficient and effective treatment planning...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210177/orbital-reconstruction-with-a-partially-absorbable-mesh-monofilament-polypropylene-fibre-and-monofilament-poliglecaprone-25-our-experience-with-34-patients
#5
Moustafa Alkhalil, J Joshi Otero
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness and complications related to the use of a partially absorbable mesh for the reconstruction of orbital floor fractures. This is a retrospective review of 34 consecutive patients who suffered orbital trauma from August 2007 to March 2013 treated with a partially absorbable mesh for orbital reconstruction. Data collected included gender, age, nationality, cause of injury, date of admission, date of surgery, date of discharge, type of fracture, signs and symptoms such as diplopia, enophthalmos, and sensory disturbance related to the infraorbital nerve, complications before and after surgery, and follow-ups at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months, and after 1 year...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207775/the-contribution-of-gender-based-violence-and-network-trauma-to-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#6
Derrick Silove, Jess R Baker, Mohammed Mohsin, Maree Teesson, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Natacha Carragher, Tim Slade, Katherine Mills, Richard Bryant, Alexander McFarlane, Zachary Steel, Kim Felmingham, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs twice as commonly amongst women as men. Two common domains of trauma, network trauma and gender based violence (GBV), may contribute to this gender difference in PTSD rates. We examined data from a nationally representative sample of the Australian population to clarify the characteristics of these two trauma domains in their contributions to PTSD rates in men and women. METHODS: We drew on data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being to assess gender differences across a comprehensive range of trauma domains, including (1) prevalence of lifetime exposure; (2) identification of an index trauma or DSM-IV Criterion A event; and (3) the likelihood of developing full DSM-IV PTSD symptoms once an index trauma was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205326/an-innovative-method-for-fragment-reattachment-after-complicated-crown-fracture
#7
Riccardo Tonini
: The case of a nineteen-year-old female with atypical fractures to three maxillary incisors (#11 FDI, #8 universal; #21 FDI, #9 universal and #22 FDI, #10 universal) with one showing a complicated crown fracture and pulp exposure is reported. A partial pulpotomy had been carried out immediately after trauma and the patient complained of acute pain on percussion of the left central incisor. Direct restoration with resin-based composite was carried out on the two teeth where fragments were not available (tooth #8 and #10) and root canal treatment with reattachment of fragments and fiber post was carried out on the third (tooth #9)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203048/atypical-femoral-shaft-fractures-secondary-to-long-term-bisphosphonate-therapy
#8
Cemil Kayali, Taskin Altay, Firat Ozan, Serkan Sozkesen, Kamil Yamak
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates (BPs) are one of the most commonly used agents in the treatment of post-menopausal osteoporosis and other metabolic bone diseases. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2015, data of 22 osteoporotic women with femoral fractures due to low-energy trauma who received BPs previously were analysed. RESULTS: The mean duration of BP therapy was 7.6 years. The mean duration of union was 7.4 months. Five patients had non-union. Stress reaction was observed in the contralateral femur in 11 patients...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202707/cadasil-accelerated-by-acute-hypotension-arterial-and-venous-contribution-to-leukoaraiosis
#9
Jacqueline A Pettersen, Julia Keith, Fuqiang Gao, J David Spence, Sandra E Black
OBJECTIVE: To underline the importance of blood pressure regulation in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) and to describe changes that occur in the veins in this condition, specifically venous collagenosis associated with leukoaraiosis. METHODS: Case report with neuroimaging and pathologic data. RESULTS: A 61-year-old man with genetically confirmed CADASIL was initially lucid following a motor vehicle accident but subsequently became hypotensive (60/40 mm Hg) due to an open femur fracture and required intubation...
February 15, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199784/allosensitization-following-bone-graft
#10
Eoin D O'Sullivan, Richard K Battle, Sharon Zahra, John F Keating, Lorna P Marson, David M Turner
It is recognised that patients may become sensitized to donor-specific HLA antigens as a result of previous antigenic exposures, classically through previous transplantation, pregnancy or blood transfusion. We present an unusual case of a patient who unexpectedly developed a range of anti-HLA antibodies following orthopaedic surgery where a bone graft was deployed intraoperatively. We describe the case of a 52-year-old male awaiting a renal transplantation, undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery requiring a small volume bone graft...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199427/-attachment-trauma-and-dissociation-the-genesis-of-the-dissociated-personality
#11
Ricardo E Cortese
In the present work we will deepen on the dissociative identity disorder (DID) and in the main current explanatory theory doomed to elucidate its genesis. The latter implies the interweaving of the notions of trauma, dissociation and attachment, relying on the psychoanalytic traditions and cognitive behavioral, generating an integrated perspective that transfigures the way how it was dealt with clinically and therapeutically this disorder. Under the perspective of the latter, the DID appears insert in the framework of the dissociative disorders of the personality, the same as the borderline organization, and in turn related to those dissociative disorders acquired in adulthood, which includes the post-traumatic stress disorder and some somatization disorders and conversion, which suggests the existence of an extended spectrum of dissociative disorders...
March 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198794/open-tibia-shaft-fractures-and-soft-tissue-coverage-the-effects-of-management-by-an-orthopedic-trauma-microsurgical-team
#12
James VandenBerg, Daniel Osei, Martin I Boyer, Michael J Gardner, William M Ricci, Amanda Spraggs-Hughes, Christopher McAndrew
OBJECTIVES: To compare the timing of soft-tissue (flap) coverage and occurrence of complications before and after the establishment of an integrated orthopedic trauma/microsurgical team. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort StudySETTING:: A single level 1 trauma centerPATIENTS:: 28 subjects (13 pre- and 15 post-integration) with open tibia shaft fractures (OTA/AO 42A, 42B, 42C) treated with flap coverage between January 2009 and March 2015. INTERVENTION: Flap coverage for open tibia shaft fractures treated before ("pre-integration") and after ("post-integration") implementation of an integrated orthopedic trauma/microsurgical team...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198023/patient-outcomes-and-amotosalen-uva-treated-platelet-utilization-in-massively-transfused-patients
#13
W Nussbaumer, M Amato, H Schennach, M Astl, C Y Chen, J-S Lin, L Corash, R J Benjamin
BACKGROUND: Amotosalen/UVA-treated platelet concentrates (PCs) have demonstrated efficacy for treating and preventing bleeding in clinical trials and in routine use; however, most studies were performed in haematology/oncology patients. We investigated efficacy during massive transfusion (MT) in general hospitalized patients. METHODS: Universal amotosalen/UVA treatment (INTERCEPT Blood System) of platelets was introduced at a large Austrian medical centre. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis comparing component use, in-hospital mortality and length of stay after MT that included platelet transfusion, for two periods (21 months each) before and after implementation...
February 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197553/the-role-of-sirt1-in-epileptogenesis
#14
Alicia M Hall, Gary P Brennan, Tiffany M Nguyen, Akanksha Singh-Taylor, Hyun-Seung Mun, Mary J Sargious, Tallie Z Baram
The mechanisms by which brain insults lead to subsequent epilepsy remain unclear. Insults, including trauma, stroke, tumors, infections, and long seizures [status epilepticus (SE)], create a neuronal state of increased metabolic demand or decreased energy supply. Neurons express molecules that monitor their metabolic state, including sirtuins (Sirts). Sirtuins deacetylate cytoplasmic proteins and nuclear histones, and their epigenetic modulation of the chromatin governs the expression of many genes, influencing neuronal properties...
January 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196108/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-burden-and-gender-each-affect-generalization-in-a-reward-and-punishment-learning-task
#15
Milen L Radell, Kevin D Beck, Mark W Gilbertson, Catherine E Myers
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can develop following exposure to a traumatic event. Re-experiencing, which includes intrusive memories or flashbacks of the trauma, is a core symptom cluster of PTSD. From an associative learning perspective, this cluster may be attributed to cues associated with the trauma, which have come to elicit symptoms in a variety of situations encountered in daily life due to a tendency to overgeneralize. Consistent with this, prior studies have indicated that both individuals with clinically diagnosed with PTSD, and those with self-reported symptoms who may not meet full diagnostic criteria, show changes in generalization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195956/group-based-trajectory-analysis-of-emotional-symptoms-among-survivors-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Dianxu Ren, Jun Fan, Ava M Puccio, David O Okonkwo, Sue R Beers, Yvette Conley
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms and anxiety are fairly common emotional outcomes after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Life satisfaction is a main factor in the general construct of subjective well-being. However, there is limited literature available on the interrelationship between emotional outcomes and life satisfaction post-severe TBI over time. The purpose of this study was to characterize distinct patterns of change in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and life satisfaction over 24 months after severe TBI and evaluate the interrelationship of different trajectory groups among them as well as associated subject characteristics...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195568/military-deployment-correlates-with-smaller-prefrontal-gray-matter-volume-and-psychological-symptoms-in-a-subclinical-population
#17
O Butler, J Adolf, T Gleich, G Willmund, P Zimmermann, U Lindenberger, J Gallinat, S Kühn
Research investigating the effects of trauma exposure on brain structure and function in adults has mainly focused on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), whereas trauma-exposed individuals without a clinical diagnoses often serve as controls. However, this assumes a dichotomy between clinical and subclinical populations that may not be supported at the neural level. In the current study we investigate whether the effects of repeated or long-term stress exposure on brain structure in a subclinical sample are similar to previous PTSD neuroimaging findings...
February 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194504/variation-in-post-traumatic-response-the-role-of-trauma-type-in-predicting-icd-11-ptsd-and-cptsd-symptoms
#18
Philip Hyland, Jamie Murphy, Mark Shevlin, Frédérique Vallières, Eoin McElroy, Ask Elklit, Mogens Christoffersen, Marylène Cloitre
PURPOSE: The World Health Organization's 11th revision to the International Classification of Diseases manual (ICD-11) will differentiate between two stress-related disorders: PTSD and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). ICD-11 proposals suggest that trauma exposure which is prolonged and/or repeated, or consists of multiple forms, that also occurs under circumstances where escape from the trauma is difficult or impossible (e.g., childhood abuse) will confer greater risk for CPTSD as compared to PTSD...
February 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193321/acute-rehabilitation-after-trauma-does-it-really-matter
#19
Deepika Nehra, Zeynep A Nixon, Claudia Lengenfelder, Eileen M Bulger, Joseph Cuschieri, Ronald V Maier, Saman Arbabi
BACKGROUND: The impact of post-discharge rehabilitation care for the trauma patient remains poorly investigated. Here we describe the functional outcomes of trauma patients discharged to an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF), and compare the likelihood of discharge home, 1-year rehospitalization, and 1-year mortality between patients discharged to an IRF and a propensity score-matched cohort of patients not discharged to an IRF. STUDY DESIGN: The Washington State Rehabilitation Registry was used to collect data for all trauma patients discharged to an IRF between 2011 and 2012...
December 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190508/navigating-the-clinical-trial-pathway-conception-design-execution-and-results-dissemination
#20
John S Sampalis, Joanne Watson, Stella Boukas, Marianna Boukas, Natalie Harvey, Sanjay Machado, Michel Bordeleau, Emmanouil Rampakakis
Dr Sampalis is founder, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Scientific Officer of JSS Medical Research Inc, founded in 1997. He is a tenured professor of Surgery and Epidemiology & Biostatistics of McGill University, the University of Montreal and University of Laval. Recognized as a leading clinical epidemiologist and one of the top trauma researchers in Canada, he possesses extensive expertise in health services research, clinical trials, and offers services as a Research and Epidemiological Consultant for numerous pharmaceutical companies, hospitals and government organizations and agencies...
March 2017: Surgery
keyword
keyword
3025
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"