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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071796/religious-and-spiritual-beliefs-of-physicians
#1
Kristin A Robinson, Meng-Ru Cheng, Patrick D Hansen, Richard J Gray
The aim of this study is to describe religious and spiritual beliefs of physicians and examine their influence on the decision to pursue medicine and daily medical practice. An anonymous survey was e-mailed to physicians at a large, multidisciplinary tertiary referral center with satellite clinics. Data were collected from January 2014 through February 2014. There were 2097 respondents (69.1 % men), and number of practicing years ranged from ≤1 to ≥30. Primary care physicians or medical specialists represented 74...
April 12, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045849/the-immoral-landscape-scientists-are-associated-with-violations-of-morality
#2
Bastiaan T Rutjens, Steven J Heine
Do people think that scientists are bad people? Although surveys find that science is a highly respected profession, a growing discourse has emerged regarding how science is often judged negatively. We report ten studies (N = 2328) that investigated morality judgments of scientists and compared those with judgments of various control groups, including atheists. A persistent intuitive association between scientists and disturbing immoral conduct emerged for violations of the binding moral foundations, particularly when this pertained to violations of purity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892769/many-faces-of-dogmatism-prejudice-as-a-way-of-protecting-certainty-against-value-violators-among%C3%A2-dogmatic-believers-and-atheists
#3
Małgorzata Kossowska, Aneta Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, Maciej Sekerdej
In this article, we suggest that dogmatic beliefs, manifested as strong beliefs that there is no God (i.e., dogmatic atheism) as well as strong beliefs in God (i.e., religious orthodoxy), can serve as a cognitive response to uncertainty. Moreover, we claim that people who dogmatically do not believe in religion and those who dogmatically believe in religion are equally prone to intolerance and prejudice towards groups that violate their important values. That is because prejudice towards these groups may be an efficient strategy to protect the certainty that strong beliefs provide...
February 19, 2016: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26552806/do-orthopaedic-surgeons-acknowledge-uncertainty
#4
Teun Teunis, Stein Janssen, Thierry G Guitton, David Ring, Robert Parisien
BACKGROUND: Much of the decision-making in orthopaedics rests on uncertain evidence. Uncertainty is therefore part of our normal daily practice, and yet physician uncertainty regarding treatment could diminish patients' health. It is not known if physician uncertainty is a function of the evidence alone or if other factors are involved. With added experience, uncertainty could be expected to diminish, but perhaps more influential are things like physician confidence, belief in the veracity of what is published, and even one's religious beliefs...
June 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26133915/what-s-god-got-to-do-with-it-how-religiosity-predicts-atheists-health
#5
David Speed, Ken Fowler
The relationship between atheism and health is poorly understood within the Religion/Spirituality-health literature. While the extant literature promotes the idea that Attendance, Prayer, and Religiosity are connected to positive health outcomes, these relationships have not been established when controlling for whether a person is an atheist. Data from the 2008-2012 American General Social Survey (n = 3210) were used to investigate this relationship. Results indicated that atheists experienced Religiosity more negatively than non-atheists...
February 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25987279/atheism-for-clever-people
#6
Steven Goodrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25510906/acute-suicidal-ideation-in-middle-aged-adults-from-brazil-results-from-the-baseline-data-of-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#7
André R Brunoni, Maria A Nunes, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
Suicidal ideation represents an important burden worldwide. However, little is known about it in low-/middle-income countries. We investigated this issue in a large cross-sectional of Brazilian civil servants (ELSA-Brasil, the Brazilian Health Longitudinal Study, n=15,105). Logistic univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the strength of association (odds ratio, OR) between clinical and sociodemographic variables with acute life-weariness (tiredness of life) and suicidal thoughts. The presence of major depressive disorder (MDD), common mental disorders (CMDs), stressful life-events (SLEs) and poor self-perceived physical health was also collected...
February 28, 2015: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24318473/understanding-religious-behavior
#8
S Levin
The attached (to mother) fetus-infant finds his religious expression in Buddhism. The attached (to group) juvenile finds his religious expression in Judaism and other tribalisms. The attached (to spouse) adult finds his religious expression in agnosticism and secularism. Attached phases are placid and of progressively decreasing emotional intensity. The three detaching phases are hurtful and hence soteriological, and are also of progressively decreasing emotional intensity. The toddler-young child finds his religious expression in Christianity, the adolescent in atheism and/or Marxism, and the aged, sick or dying plucks at any religious or secular aid...
January 1979: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24277223/-on-the-margins-a-dialogue-with-andrew-greeley
#9
D M Moss
This dialogue is between two priests who share common interests from different perspectives. One is an Episcopalian and a psychoanalytic psychotherapist. The other is a Roman Catholic and a sociologist widely known for his controversial novels and political commentaries. Their conversation primarily focuses on the latter's ministry-especially his investigations into paranormal experiences and his use of fiction as a homiletical avenue. They also discuss: Christian atheism; the Resurrection as a metaphor; Real Presence and liturgical sensibility; contemporary ecumenical trends; celibacy and tenures of active ministry; sexual equality and population control; religious addiction; and examples of the mythic impact of cinema...
December 1990: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24271493/internment-and-ministry-a-dialogue-with-joseph-kitagawa
#10
D M Moss
This dialogue presents a profile of the late Joseph Kitagawa-a renowned scholar of the history of religions (Religionswissenschaft). It focuses on comparative religion and philosophy, as well as several other important issues related to his distinguished career as an Episcopal priest and dean of the Divinity School of the University of Chicago. They are: his experience of American concentration camps during World War II; Christian atheism and new theological models; concepts of time in Oriental and Occidental faiths; depth-psychology and contemporary ministry; and Paul Tillich's significance for the pastoral counseling movement...
September 1993: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24118517/psychometric-testing-of-the-properties-of-the-spiritual-health-scale-short-form
#11
Ya-Chu Hsiao, Yi-Chien Chiang, Hsiang-Chun Lee, Chin-Yen Han
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To further examine the psychometric properties of the spiritual health scale short form, including its reliability and validity. BACKGROUND: Spirituality is one of the main factors associated with good health outcomes. A reliable and valid instrument to measure spirituality is essential to identify the spiritual needs of an individual and to evaluate the effect of spiritual care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used...
November 2013: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24080501/determinants-of-between-country-differences-in-ambulatory-antibiotic-use-and-antibiotic-resistance-in-europe-a-longitudinal-observational-study
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A Blommaert, C Marais, N Hens, S Coenen, A Muller, H Goossens, P Beutels
OBJECTIVES: To identify key determinants explaining country-year variations in antibiotic use and resistance. METHODS: Ambulatory antibiotic use data [in defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day (DIDs)] for 19 European countries from 1999 to 2007 were collected, along with 181 variables describing countries in terms of their agriculture, culture, demography, disease burden, education, healthcare organization and socioeconomics. After assessing data availability, overlap and relevance, multiple imputation generalized estimating equations were applied with a stepwise selection procedure to select significant determinants of global antibiotic use (expressed in DIDs), relative use of subgroups (amoxicillin and co-amoxiclav) and resistance of Escherichia coli and Streptococcus pneumoniae...
February 2014: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23760918/faith-within-atheism
#13
Aaron Reina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23760855/are-there-atheists-in-foxholes-combat-intensity-and-religious-behavior
#14
Brian Wansink, Craig S Wansink
After battle, the moral and mortality stresses influence different soldiers in different ways. Using two large-scale surveys of World War II veterans, this research investigates the impact of combat on religiosity. Study 1 shows that as combat became more frightening, the percentage of soldiers who reported praying rose from 42 to 72%. Study 2 shows that 50 years later, many soldiers still exhibited religious behavior, but it varied by their war experience. Soldiers who faced heavy combat (vs. no combat) attended church 21% more often if they claimed their war experience was negative, but those who claimed their experience was positive attended 26% less often...
September 2013: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23246230/the-origins-of-religious-disbelief
#15
REVIEW
Ara Norenzayan, Will M Gervais
Although most people are religious, there are hundreds of millions of religious disbelievers in the world. What is religious disbelief and how does it arise? Recent developments in the scientific study of religious beliefs and behaviors point to the conclusion that religious disbelief arises from multiple interacting pathways, traceable to cognitive, motivational, and cultural learning mechanisms. We identify four such pathways, leading to four distinct forms of atheism, which we term mindblind atheism, apatheism, inCREDulous atheism, and analytic atheism...
January 2013: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21995319/no-atheists-in-foxholes-arguments-for-but-not-against-afterlife-belief-buffers-mortality-salience-effects-for-atheists
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nathan A Heflick, Jamie L Goldenberg
Terror management theory (TMT) posits that people cope with mortality concerns via symbolic immortality (e.g., secular cultural beliefs that outlast death) and/or literal immortality (afterlife belief). However, what happens when these two forms of immortality conflict, as in atheism? Would atheists' mortality concerns be better assuaged by affirming an afterlife, or by affirming their literal immortality-denying worldview? Drawing on an untested TMT hypothesis, we predicted that atheists would be buffered from mortality concerns if their atheistic worldview - no life after death - was challenged, but not if it was supported...
June 2012: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20415634/atheism-and-mental-health
#17
Rob Whitley
The exploration of the impact of religiosity on mental health is an enduring, if somewhat quiet, tradition. There has been virtually no exploration, however, of the influence of atheism on mental health. Though not a "religion," atheism can be an orienting worldview that is often consciously chosen by its adherents, who firmly believe in the "truth" of atheism-a phenomenon known as "positive atheism." Atheism, especially positive atheism, is currently enjoying something of a renaissance in the Western liberal democracies-a trend often referred to as the "new atheism...
May 2010: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20326763/the-teaching-of-scientific-atheism-in-russian-medical-schools
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 1961: Canadian Medical Association Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20089847/religiosity-as-identity-toward-an-understanding-of-religion-from-a-social-identity-perspective
#19
Renate Ysseldyk, Kimberly Matheson, Hymie Anisman
As a social identity anchored in a system of guiding beliefs and symbols, religion ought to serve a uniquely powerful function in shaping psychological and social processes. Religious identification offers a distinctive "sacred" worldview and "eternal" group membership, unmatched by identification with other social groups. Thus, religiosity might be explained, at least partially, by the marked cognitive and emotional value that religious group membership provides. The uniqueness of a positive social group, grounded in a belief system that offers epistemological and ontological certainty, lends religious identity a twofold advantage for the promotion of well-being...
February 2010: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20067092/-i-am-a-trained-nurse-the-nursing-identity-of-anarchist-and-radical-emma-goldman
#20
Cynthia Anne Connolly
For more than a century, scholars have analyzed the many dimensions of Emma Goldman. Remembered as an agent of revolution, feminism, sexual freedom, anarchy, and atheism, Goldman's motives, personality, and actions have generated an entire subgenre of historical scholarship. But although Goldman practiced nursing in New York City for ten years, one facet of her life that has been neglected is her nursing identity. Goldman's autobiography, Living My Life, reveals the way her nursing experiences informed her evolving anarchist political philosophy and international activism...
2010: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
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