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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181291/comparing-intravenous-and-oral-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-for-bleeding-peptic-ulcers-following-endoscopic-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
A Tringali, R Manta, M Sica, G Bassotti, R Marmo, M Mutignani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The efficacy of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) has been demonstrated for bleeding peptic ulcers but the route of administration remains controversial. Several studies demonstrated that high dose oral PPI are as effective as intravenous PPI in reducing recurrent bleeding. However, current guidelines recommend intravenous PPI after endoscopic treatment. Previous data based on inadequate numbers to reach a firm conclusion suggested that oral and intravenous PPI had equivalent efficacy...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152849/a-novel-auditing-procedure-for-an-oral-chemotherapy-process-improvement-project
#2
R Alejandro Sica, Katherine Sencion, Amer Sidani, Christina Haaf, Diana Sullivan, Neeta K Venepalli
: 164 Background: A process to standardize ordering, documentation, and administration of inpatient oral chemotherapy was implemented at the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System. The process requires oncology clinician review and endorsement of inpatient oral chemotherapy drug orders via an oral chemotherapy note within the electronic health record. Pharmacists are instructed to reject oral chemotherapy drug orders that lack this required documentation. A novel auditing procedure was established in order to track adherence to these new requirements and provide real time and adaptable feedback to front-line staff critical to the project's success...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121308/early-genetic-consequences-of-defaunation-in-a-large-seeded-vertebrate-dispersed-palm-syagrus-romanzoffiana
#3
M I Giombini, S P Bravo, Y V Sica, D S Tosto
Plant populations are seriously threatened by anthropogenic habitat disturbance. In particular, defaunation may disrupt plant-disperser mutualisms, thus reducing levels of seed-mediated gene flow and genetic variation in animal-dispersed plants. This may ultimately limit their adaptive potential and ability to cope with environmental change. Tropical forest remnants are typically deprived of medium to large vertebrates upon which many large-seeded plants rely for accomplishing effective seed dispersal. Our main goal was to examine the potential early genetic consequences of the loss of large vertebrates for large-seeded vertebrate-dispersed plants...
January 25, 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114341/the-major-depressive-disorder-hierarchy-rasch-analysis-of-6-items-of-the-hamilton-depression-scale-covering-the-continuum-of-depressive-syndrome
#4
Lucas Primo de Carvalho Alves, Marcelo Pio de Almeida Fleck, Aline Boni, Neusa Sica da Rocha
OBJECTIVES: Melancholic features of depression (MFD) seem to be a unidimensional group of signs and symptoms. However, little importance has been given to the evaluation of what features are related to a more severe disorder. That is, what are the MFD that appear only in the most depressed patients. We aim to demonstrate how each MFD is related to the severity of the major depressive disorder. METHODS: We evaluated both the Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS-17) and its 6-item melancholic subscale (HAM-D6) in 291 depressed inpatients using Rasch analysis, which computes the severity of each MFD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088482/combined-spatiotemporal-ica-stica-for-continuous-and-dynamic-lag-structure-analysis-of-mreg-data
#5
Ville Raatikainen, Niko Huotari, Vesa Korhonen, Aleksi Rasila, Janne Kananen, Lauri Raitamaa, Tuija Keinänen, Jussi Kantola, Osmo Tervonen, Vesa Kiviniemi
This study investigated lag structure in the resting-state fMRI by applying a novel independent component (ICA) method to magnetic resonance encephalography (MREG) data. Briefly, the spatial ICA (sICA) was used for defining the frontal and back nodes of the default mode network (DMN), and the temporal ICA (tICA), which is enabled by the high temporal resolution of MREG (TR=100ms), was used to separate both neuronal and physiological components of these two spatial map regions. Subsequently, lag structure was investigated between the frontal (DMNvmpf) and posterior (DMNpcc) DMN nodes using both conventional method with all-time points and a sliding-window approach...
January 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078070/stem-cells-and-tissue-niche-two-faces-of-the-same-coin-of-muscle-regeneration
#6
Bianca Maria Scicchitano, Gigliola Sica, Antonio Musarò
Capacity of adult muscle to regenerate in response to injury stimuli represents an important homeostatic process. Regeneration is a highly coordinated program that partially recapitulates the embryonic developmental program. However, muscle regeneration is severely compromised in several pathological conditions. It is likely that the restricted tissue repair program under pathological conditions is due to either progressive loss of stem cell populations or to missing signals that limit the damaged tissues to efficiently activate a regenerative program...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076841/clonal-evolution-in-therapy-related-neoplasms
#7
Emiliano Fabiani, Giulia Falconi, Luana Fianchi, Marianna Criscuolo, Tiziana Ottone, Laura Cicconi, Stefan Hohaus, Simona Sica, Massimiliano Postorino, Antonino Neri, Marta Lionetti, Giuseppe Leone, Francesco Lo-Coco, Maria Teresa Voso
Therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MN) may occur as a late effect of cytotoxic therapy for a primary malignancy or autoimmune diseases in susceptible individuals. We studied the development of somatic mutations in t-MN, using a collection of follow-up samples from 14 patients with a primary hematologic malignancy, who developed a secondary leukemia (13 t-MN and 1 t-acute lymphoblastic leukemia), at a median latency of 73 months (range 18-108) from primary cancer diagnosis.Using Sanger and next generation sequencing (NGS) approaches we identified 8 mutations (IDH1 R132H, ASXL1 Y591*, ASXL1 S689*, ASXL1 R693*, SRSF2 P95H, SF3B1 K700E, SETBP1 G870R and TP53 Y220C) in seven of thirteen t-MN patients (54%), whereas the t-ALL patient had a t(4,11) translocation, resulting in the KMT2A/AFF1 fusion gene...
January 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059601/metabolic-interactions-between-cysteamine-and-epigallocatechin-gallate
#8
Valentina Izzo, Federico Pietrocola, Valentina Sica, Sylvère Durand, Sylvie Lachkar, David Enot, José Manuel Bravo-San Pedro, Alexis Chery, Speranza Esposito, Valeria Raia, Luigi Maiuri, Maria Chiara Maiuri, Guido Kroemer
Phase II clinical trials indicate that the combination of cysteamine plus epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is effective against cystic fibrosis in patients bearing the most frequent etiological mutation (CFTRΔF508). Here, we investigated the interaction between both agents on cultured respiratory epithelia cells from normal and CFTRΔF508-mutated donors. We observed that the combination of both agents affected metabolic circuits (and in particular the tricarboxylic acid cycle) in a unique way and that cysteamine plus EGCG reduced cytoplasmic protein acetylation more than each of the 2 components alone...
February 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994937/the-growing-need-for-microservices-in-bioinformatics
#9
Christopher L Williams, Jeffrey C Sica, Robert T Killen, Ulysses G J Balis
OBJECTIVE: Within the information technology (IT) industry, best practices and standards are constantly evolving and being refined. In contrast, computer technology utilized within the healthcare industry often evolves at a glacial pace, with reduced opportunities for justified innovation. Although the use of timely technology refreshes within an enterprise's overall technology stack can be costly, thoughtful adoption of select technologies with a demonstrated return on investment can be very effective in increasing productivity and at the same time, reducing the burden of maintenance often associated with older and legacy systems...
2016: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981295/one-shot-balloon-dilation-of-esophageal-stricture-due-to-unusual-lichen-planus-localization
#10
Mariano Sica, Claudio Zulli, Raffaele Manta, Vincenzo Villanacci, Rita Conigliaro, Gabrio Bassotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974353/vegf-blockade-enhances-the-antitumor-effect-of-brafv600e-inhibition
#11
Valentina Comunanza, Davide Corà, Francesca Orso, Francesca Maria Consonni, Emanuele Middonti, Federica Di Nicolantonio, Anton Buzdin, Antonio Sica, Enzo Medico, Dario Sangiolo, Daniela Taverna, Federico Bussolino
The development of resistance remains a major obstacle to long-term disease control in cancer patients treated with targeted therapies. In BRAF-mutant mouse models, we demonstrate that although targeted inhibition of either BRAF or VEGF initially suppresses the growth of BRAF-mutant tumors, combined inhibition of both pathways results in apoptosis, long-lasting tumor responses, reduction in lung colonization, and delayed onset of acquired resistance to the BRAF inhibitor PLX4720. As well as inducing tumor vascular normalization and ameliorating hypoxia, this approach induces remodeling of the extracellular matrix, infiltration of macrophages with an M1-like phenotype, and reduction in cancer-associated fibroblasts...
February 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967252/hyperleukocytosis-and-leukostasis-management-of-a-medical-emergency
#12
Sabrina Giammarco, Patrizia Chiusolo, Nicola Piccirillo, Alessia Di Giovanni, Elisabetta Metafuni, Luca Laurenti, Simona Sica, Livio Pagano
Hyperleukocytosis is defined as a white blood cell count greater than 100,000/mL in patients affected by acute leukemia and often it is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, that can be up to 40% if unrecognized. Areas covered: Risk factors include younger age, myelomonocytic or monocytic/monoblastic morphology, microgranular variant of acute promyelocitic leukemia and T-cell ALL, and some cytogenetic abnormalities. Poor prognosis due to high early death rate secondary to leukostasis. The mechanisms at the origin of leukostasis are still poorly understood...
February 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939647/intolerance-of-uncertainty-not-just-right-experiences-and-compulsive-checking-test-of-a-moderated-mediation-model-on-a-non-clinical-sample
#13
Gioia Bottesi, Marta Ghisi, Claudio Sica, Mark H Freeston
OBJECTIVE: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) and not just right experiences (NJREs) have been claimed putative vulnerability factors for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of the present study was to test whether IU could represent a trans-diagnostic construct accountable for OC checking behaviors and whether NJREs could embody an OCD-specific criterion through which IU operates. METHOD: One hundred and eighty-eight Italian community individuals completed self-report measures of IU, NJREs, OC symptoms, worry, anxiety, and depression...
December 2, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939176/lack-of-impact-of-umbilical-cord-blood-unit-processing-techniques-on-clinical-outcomes-in-adult-double-cord-blood-transplant-recipients
#14
Sarah Nikiforow, Shuli Li, Karen Snow, Deborah Liney, Grace Shih-Hui Kao, Richard Haspel, Elizabeth J Shpall, Brett Glotzbecker, R Alejandro Sica, Philippe Armand, John Koreth, Vincent T Ho, Edwin P Alyea, Jerome Ritz, Robert J Soiffer, Joseph H Antin, Bimal Dey, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin Chen, Thomas Spitzer, David Avigan, Corey S Cutler, Karen Ballen
BACKGROUND AIMS: Despite widespread use of umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation and distinct practice preferences displayed by individual UCB banks and transplant centers, little information exists on how processing variations affect patient outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed 133 adult double UCB transplants performed at a single center: 98 after reduced-intensity and 35 after myeloablative conditioning. Processing associated with contributing UCB banks and units was surveyed to identify differences in practice...
February 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921094/fetal-cerebellar-vermis-circumference-measured-by-2-dimensional-ultrasound-scan-reference-range-feasibility-and-reproducibility
#15
M Spinelli, C Sica, L D Meglio, D Bolla, L Raio, D Surbek
Purpose: To provide 2-dimensional ultrasonographic (2D-US) normograms of cerebellar vermis biometry, as well as to evaluate the feasibility and the reproducibility of these measurements in clinical practice. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study of 328 normal singleton pregnancies between 18 and 33 weeks of gestation. Measurements of the fetal cerebellar vermis circumference (VC) in the mid-sagittal plane were performed by both a senior and a junior operator using 2D-US. VC as a function of gestational age (GA) was expressed by regression equations...
November 2016: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904018/impact-of-plasma-kynurenine-level-on-functional-capacity-and-outcome-in-heart-failure%C3%A3-results-from-studies-investigating-co-morbidities-aggravating-heart-failure-sica-hf
#16
Masaaki Konishi, Nicole Ebner, Jochen Springer, Joerg C Schefold, Wolfram Doehner, Thomas Bernd Dschietzig, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
BACKGROUND: Kynurenine is a circulating metabolite from the essential amino acid tryptophan. Accelerated degradation of kynurenine in skeletal muscle has been reported to provide an anti-inflammatory effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between blood kynurenine and muscle mass/function in patients with heart failure (HF), in whom diseased muscle mass/function plays a pathophysiological role.Methods and Results:Plasma kynurenine was assessed in 249 patients with HF (67±11 years, 21% women) and in 45 controls from the SICA-HF study...
December 22, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899589/through-bond-effects-in-the-ternary-complexes-of-thrombin-sandwiched-by-two-dna-aptamers
#17
Andrea Pica, Irene Russo Krauss, Valeria Parente, Hisae Tateishi-Karimata, Satoru Nagatoishi, Kouhei Tsumoto, Naoki Sugimoto, Filomena Sica
Aptamers directed against human thrombin can selectively bind to two different exosites on the protein surface. The simultaneous use of two DNA aptamers, HD1 and HD22, directed to exosite I and exosite II respectively, is a very powerful approach to exploit their combined affinity. Indeed, strategies to link HD1 and HD22 together have been proposed in order to create a single bivalent molecule with an enhanced ability to control thrombin activity. In this work, the crystal structures of two ternary complexes, in which thrombin is sandwiched between two DNA aptamers, are presented and discussed...
January 9, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875962/the-beneficial-effects-of-taurine-to-counteract-sarcopenia
#18
Bianca M Scicchitano, Gigliola Sica
Aging is a multifactorial process characterized by several features including low-grade inflammation, increased oxidative stress and reduced regenerative capacity, which ultimately lead to alteration in morpho-functional properties of skeletal muscle, thus promoting sarcopenia. This condition is characterized by a gradual loss of muscle mass due to an unbalance between protein synthesis and degradation, finally conveying in functional decline and disability. The development of specific therapeutic approaches able to block or reverse this condition may represent an invaluable tool for the promotion of a healthy aging among elderly...
November 22, 2016: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861297/extracorporeal-photopheresis-for-treatment-of-acute-and-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-an-italian-multicentric-retrospective-analysis-on-94-patients-on-behalf-of-the-gruppo-italiano-trapianto-di-midollo-osseo
#19
Michele Malagola, Valeria Cancelli, Cristina Skert, Pierino Ferremi Leali, Emilio Ferrari, Alessandra Tiburzi, Maria Luisa Sala, Irene Donnini, Patrizia Chiusolo, Alberto Mussetti, Marta Battista, Alessandro Turra, Federica Cattina, Benedetta Rambaldi, Francesca Schieppati, Nicola Polverelli, Simona Bernardi, Simone Perucca, Mirella Marini, Daniele Laszlo, Chiara Savignano, Francesca Patriarca, Paolo Corradini, Nicola Piccirillo, Simona Sica, Alberto Bosi, Domenico Russo
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is considered a valid second-line treatment for acute and chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD). METHODS: Ninety-four patients with acute GVHD (aGVHD) (n = 45) and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) (n = 49), retrospectively recruited in 6 Italian centers, were submitted to ECP for second-line treatment. At the time of ECP, 22 (49%) and 23 (51%) of 45 patients with aGHVD were nonresponsive and in partial remission (PR) after steroids, respectively, and all the 49 patients with cGVHD were steroid refractory...
December 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856512/invasive-fungal-infections-in-chronic-lymphoproliferative-disorders-a-monocentric-retrospective-study
#20
Maria Chiara Tisi, Stefan Hohaus, Annarosa Cuccaro, Idanna Innocenti, Elena De Carolis, Tommaso Za, Francesco D' Alò, Luca Laurenti, Luana Fianchi, Simona Sica, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Valerio De Stefano, Livio Pagano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Haematologica
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