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Psychological trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821528/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-adult-victims-of-cluster-munitions-in-lebanon-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Jawad Fares, Souheil Gebeily, Mohamad Saad, Hayat Harati, Sanaa Nabha, Najwane Said, Mohamad Kanso, Ronza Abdel Rassoul, Youssef Fares
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the short-term and long-term prevalence and effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among victims of cluster munitions. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective 10-year longitudinal study that took place in Lebanon. PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred-and-forty-four Lebanese civilian victims of submunition blasts, who were injured in 2006 and were over 18 years old, were interviewed. Included were participants who had been diagnosed with PTSD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5) and the PTSD Checklist - Civilian Version in 2006...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816563/highlighting-the-differences-in-post-traumatic-symptoms-between-patients-with-complicated-and-uncomplicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-injured-controls
#2
J Julien, S Tinawi, K Anderson, L C Frenette, H Audrit, M C Ferland, M Feyz, E De Guise
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the current study is to explore the difference in acute post-concussive symptoms (PCS), headaches, sleep and mood complaints between groups of patients with complicated and uncomplicated mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) and a comparable group of injured controls. Interactions among the following four factors were studied: presence of (1) PCS; (2) headaches; (3) sleep disorders; and (4) psychological status. METHODS: A total of 198 patients, followed at the outpatient mTBI clinic of the MUHC-MGH, completed questionnaires and a brief neurological assessment two weeks post-trauma...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816490/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-receiving-trauma-informed-practices-on-domestic-violence-shelter-residents
#3
Cris M Sullivan, Lisa A Goodman, Tyler Virden, Jennifer Strom, Rachel Ramirez
Domestic violence is a potentially traumatizing experience that has devastating psychological and physical consequences. In response, domestic violence shelter programs have focused increasing attention on helping adult and child survivors understand and heal from this trauma. What have come to be called trauma-informed practices include (a) reflecting an understanding of trauma and its many effects on health and behavior, (b) addressing both physical and psychological safety concerns, (c) using a culturally informed strengths-based approach, (d) helping to illuminate the nature and effects of abuse on survivors' everyday experience; and (e) providing opportunities for clients to regain control over their lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816300/-combination-of-periodontal-orthodontic-and-endodontic-therapy-in-upper-anterior-teeth-with-hopeless-prognosis-and-long-time-follow-up-a-case-report
#4
Y Li, L Xu, Y H Zhou, X Y Ouyang, T Cao
It is complicated to decide the treatment plan of hopeless anterior teeth in esthetic zone due to severe periodontitis, periodontal-endodontic combined lesion or teeth trauma. The optional treatment plan for this kind of teeth includes retention after periodontal treatment, extraction and implant treatment, extraction and prosthodontic treatment and so on. To make an appropriate treatment plan, patients' periodontal conditions, periodontal biotype, local anatomy, esthetic demand, economic condition and social psychological status should be comprehensively considered...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#5
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813317/mindfulness-in-ptsd-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Ariel J Lang
In recent years, the field has witnessed considerable enthusiasm for the ancient practice of mindfulness. The skills derived from this experience, including focused attention, nonjudgmental acceptance of internal experiences and reduced autonomic reactivity, may be helpful in counteracting pathological responses to trauma. Several types of interventions that incorporate principles of mindfulness have been examined for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This nascent literature is inconsistent and methodologically limited but does suggest that mindfulness is a potentially important tool for creating psychological change...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813306/telehealth-and-ehealth-interventions-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Leslie A Morland, Carolyn J Greene, Craig S Rosen, Eric Kuhn, Julia Hoffman, Denise M Sloan
This paper presents existing research describing how telehealth and eHealth technologies can be used to improve mental health services for trauma survivors, either by enhancing existing treatment approaches or as a stand-alone means of delivering trauma-relevant information and interventions. The potential ways in which telemedicine technologies aide in overcoming barriers to care is first addressed in terms of providing mental health treatment. We then outline how different telehealth and eHealth tools can be used for key therapeutic tasks, including the provision of self-guided interventions, remote delivery of psychotherapy, and augmentation of psychological treatments...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812415/quality-of-life-after-orbito-facial-trauma
#8
Gitanjali Sharma, Apjit Kaur
In the wake of high incidence of orbito-facial trauma, there has been a growing need to assess not only the visual outcome, but also the psychological impact of the traumatic event. This is a single questionnaire based evaluation of 100 consecutive patients with orbito-facial trauma (blow-out and Le fort type II and III fractures) at six months of trauma. 84% of the patients had a NEI VFQ- 25 score of less than 50, with 49% having a score less than 25, reflecting the grim impact the trauma has on the quality of life...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#9
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807140/acute-psychological-trauma-in-the-critically-ill-patient-and-family-perspectives
#10
Volha Dziadzko, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Margaret M Johnson, Ognjen Gajic, Lioudmila V Karnatovskaia
OBJECTIVE: Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS), which encompasses profound psychological morbidity, affects many survivors of critical illness. We hypothesize that acute psychological stress during the intensive care unit (ICU) confinement likely contributes to PICS. In order to develop strategies that mitigate PICS associated psychological morbidity, it is paramount to first characterize acute ICU psychological stress and begin to understand its causative and protective factors. METHODS: A structured interview study was administered to adult critical illness survivors who received ≥48h of mechanical ventilation in medical and surgical ICUs of a tertiary care center, and their families...
July 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804960/handle-with-care-rethinking-the-rights-versus-culture-dichotomy-in-cancer-disclosure-in-india
#11
Cecilia Coale Van Hollen
Medical practitioners, bioethicists, psychologists, and anthropologists have debated whether it is ethical to disclose or withhold information from patients about cancer diagnoses. This debate is framed as pitting universal individual human rights against cultural pluralism. The rights-based argument asserts that people have a right to information about their own health to make the best decisions about their treatment. The cultural variation argument suggests that in some cultural contexts there is a perception that information about one's cancer diagnosis may cause more harm than good due to the psychological trauma this may cause...
August 13, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795914/domestic-violence-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-women-seeking-help-from-domestic-violence-support-services
#12
Giulia Ferrari, Roxane Agnew-Davies, Jayne Bailey, Louise Howard, Emma Howarth, Tim J Peters, Lynnmarie Sardinha, Gene Solomon Feder
Background Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are associated with increased risk of mental illness, but we know little about the mental health of female DVA survivors seeking support from domestic violence services. Objective Our goal was to characterise the demography and mental health of women who access specialist DVA services in the United Kingdom and to investigate associations between severity of abuse and measures of mental health and health state utility, accounting for important confounders and moderators...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795824/exploring-the-gold-standard-evidence-for-a-two-factor-model-of-the-clinician-administered-ptsd-scale-for-the-dsm-5
#13
Joshua C Hunt, Samantha A Chesney, Terrence D Jorgensen, Nicholas R Schumann, Terri A deRoon-Cassini
OBJECTIVE: The latent factor structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains a source of considerable variability. The current study compared several a priori factor structures, as well as a novel 2-factor structure of posttraumatic psychological distress as measured by the Clinician Administered PTSD scale for the DSM-5 (CAPS-5). In addition, variability in diagnostic rates according to the divergent DSM-5 and ICD-11 criteria were explored. METHOD: The setting for this study was a Level 1 trauma center in a U...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792612/problems-and-solutions-for-patients-with-fibromyalgia-building-new-helping-relationships
#14
Pilar Montesó-Curto, Montserrat García-Martinez, Sara Romaguera, María Luisa Mateu, María Teresa Cubí-Guillén, Lidia Sarrió-Colas, Anna Núria Llàdser, Stephen Bradley, María Luisa Panisello-Chavarria
AIM: To identify the main biological, psychological and sociological problems and potential solutions for patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia by use of Group Problem-Solving Therapy. BACKGROUND: Group Problem-Solving Therapy is a technique for identifying and solving problems, increasing assertiveness, self-esteem and eliminating negative thoughts. DESIGN: Qualitative phenomenological interpretive design: Group Problem-Solving Therapy sessions conducted with patients suffering fibromyalgia were studied; participants recruited via the Rheumatology Department at a general hospital and associations in Catalonia, Spain with sessions conducted in nearby university setting...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789788/alexithymia-and-anesthetic-bladder-capacity-in-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#15
Chui-De Chiu, Ming-Huei Lee, Wei-Chih Chen, Hoi Lam Ho, Huei-Ching Wu
OBJECTIVE: In contrast to the inconsistent results of organic causes, it has been found that psychological risk factors are reliably related to functional somatic syndromes (FSSs), including interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). Compared to patients with acute cystitis, a subgroup of IC/BPS patients with a history of childhood relational trauma reported intensified unregulated affective states (i.e., anxiety and depression) and trauma-related psychopathology (i.e., dissociation)...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781134/psychological-effect-of-a-mass-casualty-event-on-general-surgery-residents
#16
William S Havron, Karen Safcsak, Joshua Corsa, Andrew Loudon, Michael L Cheatham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychological effect of a mass casualty shooting event on general surgery residents. DESIGN: Three and 7 months following the Pulse nightclub mass casualty shooting, the mental well-being of general surgery residents employed at the receiving institution was evaluated. A voluntary and anonymous screening questionnaire for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) was administered. Responses were stratified into 2 groups; residents who worked (ON-CALL) and residents who did not work (OFF-CALL) the night of the event...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776181/-healthcare-situation-for-children-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-germany-a%C3%A2-critical-overview
#17
REVIEW
Silke Pawils, Susanne Nick, Franka Metzner, Annett Lotzin, Ingo Schäfer
In Germany, since 2010 the debate regarding sexual assault victims, additionally due to extensive activities of the independent commissioner for questions regarding sexual abuse of children (Unabhängiger Beauftragter für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, UBSKM), has received increased attention from the public and the healthcare system. Sexual violence is a burdening experience regardless of age and can have a lasting impact on the physical, psychological and/or social life of victims. Empirically, it has been found that more than half of the adult population suffering from mental disorders have experienced sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence...
August 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766372/role-of-event-centrality-and-emotion-regulation-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-internally-displaced-persons
#18
JohnBosco Chika Chukwuorji, Chuka Mike Ifeagwazi, John E Eze
BACKGROUND: Event centrality and emotion regulation in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been documented in various global samples especially in Western cultures; but internally displaced persons (IDPs) still constitute an underrepresented population in psychotraumatology literature. This study tested the roles of event centrality and emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) in PTSD symptoms among IDPs in Nigeria. DESIGN: The multi-group cross-sectional design was adopted...
August 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766080/trajectories-in-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-a-fracture-of-the-distal-radius-or-ankle-using-latent-class-analysis
#19
M A C Van Son, J De Vries, W Zijlstra, J A Roukema, T Gosens, M H J Verhofstad, B L Den Oudsten
PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to identify the different trajectories of quality of life (QOL) in patients with distal radius fractures (DRF) and ankle fractures (AF). Secondly, it was examined if subgroups could be characterized by sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables. METHODS: Patients (n = 543) completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument-Bref (WHOQOL-Bref), the pain, coping, and cognitions questionnaire, NEO-five factor inventory (neuroticism and extraversion), and the state-trait anxiety inventory (short version) a few days after fracture (i...
August 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765679/placement-instability-among-young-people-removed-from-their-original-family-and-the-likely-mental-health-implications
#20
Simon Rice, Sue Cotton, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Anne Magnus, Carol Harvey, Cathy Humphreys, Stephen Halperin, Angela Scheppokat, Patrick McGorry, Helen Herrman
BACKGROUND: Young people in out-of-home care are more likely to experience poorer mental and physical health outcomes related to their peers. Stable care environments are essential for ameliorating impacts of disruptive early childhood experiences, including exposure to psychological trauma, abuse and neglect. At present there are very few high quality data regarding the placement stability history of young people in out-of-home care in Australia or other countries. OBJECTIVES: To undertake the first systematic census of background, care type and placement stability characteristics of young people living in the out-of-home care sector in Australia...
April 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
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