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Psychological trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212063/conflict-resolution-styles-as-mediators-of-female-child-sexual-abuse-experience-and-heterosexual-couple-relationship-satisfaction-and-stability-in-adulthood
#1
Ashlee E Knapp, Darin J Knapp, Cameron C Brown, Jeffry H Larson
Trauma from female incestuous child sexual abuse may result in negative psychological consequences affecting adult relationships. This study explored relational consequences of incestuous child sexual abuse, focusing on conflict resolution styles, relationship satisfaction, and relationship stability. Using the RELATionship Evaluation dataset, 457 heterosexual couples in which female partners experienced incestuous child sexual abuse were compared to a group of 1,827 couples with no sexual abuse history. Analyses tested differences in the frequencies of reported conflict resolution styles for incestuous child sexual abuse and non-incestuous child sexual abuse groups, the mediating effects of conflict resolution styles on the relationship between incestuous child sexual abuse, and self- and partner-reported relationship satisfaction and stability...
January 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211592/a-methodology-for-assessing-deployment-trauma-and-its-consequences-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans-the-tracts-longitudinal-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Regina E McGlinchey, William P Milberg, Jennifer R Fonda, Catherine Brawn Fortier
Many US veterans of Afghanistan and Iraq have multiple physical and psychiatric problems. A major focus of research has been on determining the effects of mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI), but mTBI is rarely diagnosed in the absence of co-occurring conditions such as blast exposure, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, substance abuse, etc. These potentially interactive psychological and physical conditions produce complex patterns of cognitive, psychological, and physical symptoms that impede civilian reintegration and complicate efficient and effective treatment planning...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207775/the-contribution-of-gender-based-violence-and-network-trauma-to-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Derrick Silove, Jess R Baker, Mohammed Mohsin, Maree Teesson, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Natacha Carragher, Tim Slade, Katherine Mills, Richard Bryant, Alexander McFarlane, Zachary Steel, Kim Felmingham, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs twice as commonly amongst women as men. Two common domains of trauma, network trauma and gender based violence (GBV), may contribute to this gender difference in PTSD rates. We examined data from a nationally representative sample of the Australian population to clarify the characteristics of these two trauma domains in their contributions to PTSD rates in men and women. METHODS: We drew on data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being to assess gender differences across a comprehensive range of trauma domains, including (1) prevalence of lifetime exposure; (2) identification of an index trauma or DSM-IV Criterion A event; and (3) the likelihood of developing full DSM-IV PTSD symptoms once an index trauma was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206785/relationships-among-traumatic-experiences-ptsd-and-posttraumatic-growth-for-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#4
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
OBJECTIVE: Law enforcement officers tend to be exposed to a high frequency of potentially traumatic incidents. A dichotomous distinction among these events involves the witnessing of threat or harm to others and the experiencing of threat or harm directly to oneself. Past research suggests that different types of trauma exposure produce varying levels of negative posttraumatic responses including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and positive outcomes such as posttraumatic growth (PTG)...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202323/cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-sexual-satisfaction-in-sex-therapy-patients-what-role-for-symptom-complexity
#5
Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert, Stéphane Sabourin
INTRODUCTION: Patients consulting for sexual difficulties frequently present additional personal or relational disorders and symptoms. This is especially the case when they have experienced cumulative adverse childhood experiences (CACEs), which are associated with symptom complexity. CACEs refer to the extent to which an individual has experienced an accumulation of different types of adverse childhood experiences including sexual, physical, and psychological abuse; neglect; exposure to inter-parental violence; and bullying...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#6
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195568/military-deployment-correlates-with-smaller-prefrontal-gray-matter-volume-and-psychological-symptoms-in-a-subclinical-population
#7
O Butler, J Adolf, T Gleich, G Willmund, P Zimmermann, U Lindenberger, J Gallinat, S Kühn
Research investigating the effects of trauma exposure on brain structure and function in adults has mainly focused on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), whereas trauma-exposed individuals without a clinical diagnoses often serve as controls. However, this assumes a dichotomy between clinical and subclinical populations that may not be supported at the neural level. In the current study we investigate whether the effects of repeated or long-term stress exposure on brain structure in a subclinical sample are similar to previous PTSD neuroimaging findings...
February 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192069/trauma-informed-treatment-and-prevention-of-intimate-partner-violenceby-casey-t-taft-christopher-m-murphy-and-suzannah-k-creech-washington-dc-american-psychological-association-2016-268-pages-69-95-hardcover
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190508/navigating-the-clinical-trial-pathway-conception-design-execution-and-results-dissemination
#9
John S Sampalis, Joanne Watson, Stella Boukas, Marianna Boukas, Natalie Harvey, Sanjay Machado, Michel Bordeleau, Emmanouil Rampakakis
Dr Sampalis is founder, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Scientific Officer of JSS Medical Research Inc, founded in 1997. He is a tenured professor of Surgery and Epidemiology & Biostatistics of McGill University, the University of Montreal and University of Laval. Recognized as a leading clinical epidemiologist and one of the top trauma researchers in Canada, he possesses extensive expertise in health services research, clinical trials, and offers services as a Research and Epidemiological Consultant for numerous pharmaceutical companies, hospitals and government organizations and agencies...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#10
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185781/classification-of-orbital-exenteration-and-reconstruction
#11
Marco R Kesting, Steffen Koerdt, Niklas Rommel, Thomas Mücke, Klaus-Dietrich Wolff, Christopher P Nobis, Florian Ringel, Gesche Frohwitter
Orbital exenteration (OE) is considered to be a mutilating surgical procedure reserved for relentlessly progressive neoplastic disorders or extensive facial trauma with unfavourable eye involvement. Malignant tumours, accounting for the majority of ablative orbital surgeries, may be caused by primary orbital tumours or secondarily by neoplasias from the surrounding skin, the maxillary sinus or intracranial malignomas. Orbital exenteration following trauma is mostly caused by penetrating globe defects or extended infections with the danger of intracranial effects...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183347/application-of-incident-command-structure-to-clinical-trial-management-in-the-academic-setting-principles-and-lessons-learned
#12
Penny S Reynolds, Mary J Michael, Bruce D Spiess
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial success depends on appropriate management, but practical guidance to trial organisation and planning is lacking. The Incident Command System (ICS) is the 'gold standard' management system developed for managing diverse operations in major incident and public health arenas. It enables effective and flexible management through integration of personnel, procedures, resources, and communications within a common hierarchical organisational structure. Conventional ICS organisation consists of five function modules: Command, Planning, Operations, Logistics, and Finance/Administration...
February 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181114/injury-to-the-male-external-genitalia-a-comprehensive-review
#13
REVIEW
James Furr, Daniel Culkin
While rare, trauma and injury to the male external genitalia can result in significant consequences regarding function, appearance, psychological effects, and overall quality of life. Due to the relative paucity of literature regarding male external genitalia injuries, few standardized protocols exist. This review aims to outline common clinical causes of male external genitalia injuries by both anatomic location and etiology. Initial stabilization, long-term reconstruction, and coverage options are discussed in detail...
February 8, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179812/stress-related-disorders-pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-peptide-pacap-ergic-system-and-sex-differences
#14
Teniel S Ramikie, Kerry J Ressler
Trauma-related disorders, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are remarkably common and debilitating, and are often characterized by dysregulated threat responses. Across numerous epidemiological studies, females have been found to have an approximately twofold increased risk for PTSD and other stress-related disorders. Understanding the biological mechanisms of this differential risk is of critical importance. Recent data suggest that the pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) pathway is a critical regulator of the stress response across species...
December 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170097/a-new-twist-on-old-questions-a-lifespan-approach-to-the-trait-concept
#15
Sarah E Hampson, Grant W Edmonds
OBJECTIVE: We examine three cardinal concerns in personality psychology from a lifespan perspective: trait structure, trait stability, and trait mechanisms that account for the predictive utility of traits. We draw on previously published and new findings from the Hawaii Longitudinal Study of Personality and Health, as well as work by others. METHOD: The Hawaii study provides a unique opportunity to relate a comprehensive assessment of participants' childhood personality traits (over 2,000 children, mean age 10 years) to their adult personality traits and other self-report outcomes in their 40's, 50's and 60's, and their clinically assessed health at mean age 51...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165268/using-the-research-domain-criteria-framework-to-track-domains-of-change-in-comorbid-ptsd-and-sud
#16
Laura Zambrano-Vazquez, Hannah C Levy, Emily L Belleau, Emily R Dworkin, Katianne M Howard Sharp, Samantha L Pittenger, Julie A Schumacher, Scott F Coffey
OBJECTIVES: Comorbidity in diagnosis raises critical challenges for psychological assessment and treatment. The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) Project, launched by the National Institutes of Mental Health, proposes domains of functioning as a way to conceptualize the overlap between comorbid conditions and inform treatment selection. However, further research is needed to understand common comorbidities (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] and substance use disorder [SUD]) from an RDoC framework and how existing evidence-based treatments would be expected to promote change in the RDoC domains of functioning...
February 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165267/construct-validity-of-the-race-based-traumatic-stress-symptom-scale-and-tests-of-measurement-equivalence
#17
Robert T Carter, Carrie Muchow
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to examine the construct, measurement equivalence, and predictive validity of the Race-Based Traumatic Stress Symptom Scale (RBTSSS). METHOD: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used with adults from various racial backgrounds throughout the Northeast. RESULTS: The CFA revealed a good model fit and a second-order SEM supported the concept of race-based traumatic stress...
February 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163456/outcome-of-dermal-grafting-in-the-management-of-atrophic-facial-scars
#18
Kanathur Shilpa, S Sacchidanand, Budamakuntla Leelavathy, Padmanabha Shilpashree, Gorur Divya, Rammurthy Ranjitha, D V Lakshmi
BACKGROUND: Scars over the face are cosmetically and psychologically disturbing. Various techniques have been described and are being practiced in the management of these scars. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to study the safety, effectiveness of using dermal grafts as fillers in the management of facial scars due to acne, chickenpox, trauma or any others. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with atrophic facial scars of varied aetiology and willing for surgery were considered for dermal graft technique...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161383/association-of-depressive-symptomology-and-psychological-trauma-with-diabetes-control-among-older-american-indian-women-does-social-support-matter
#19
R Turner Goins, Carolyn Noonan, Kelly Gonzales, Blythe Winchester, Vickie L Bradley
AIMS: Among older American Indian women with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), we examined the association between mental health and T2DM control and if social support modifies the association. METHODS: Survey data were linked to T2DM medical record information. Mental health measures were the Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression Scale and the National Anxiety Disorders Screening Day instrument. T2DM control was all HbA1c values taken post mental health measures...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155299/experiences-of-women-who-reported-sexual-assault-at-a-provincial-hospital-south-africa
#20
Jeanette M Sebaeng, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Eva Manyedi
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault poses a serious health problem to both the survivor and the health system. Experiencing sexual assault requires women to seek medical and psychological assistance as part of their journey towards recovery. This study examined the experiences of women who received post-sexual assault services from a specialised care centre within a provincial hospital. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory and contextual design was used to explore and describe experiences of women...
November 16, 2016: Curationis
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