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Psychological trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656405/the-cellie-coping-kit-for-children-with-injury-initial-feasibility-acceptability-and-outcomes
#1
M L Marsac, D Weiss, K L Kohser, J Van Allen, P Seegan, S Ostrowski-Delahanty, A McGar, F K Winston, N Kassam-Adams
PURPOSE: Physical and psychological challenges can arise from paediatric injury, which can impact child health outcomes. Evidence-based resources to promote recovery are limited. The low cost, portable Cellie Coping Kit for Children with Injury provides evidence-based strategies to help children manage injury-related challenges. This study aimed to describe intervention feasibility and explore initial outcomes (learning, quality of life [QOL], and trauma symptoms). METHODS: Three independent pilot studies were conducted...
April 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650015/inclusion-and-exclusion-criteria-used-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-trials-a-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-published-between-2006-and-2012
#2
Pål André Amundsen, David W Evans, Dévan Rajendran, Philip Bright, Tom Bjørkli, Sandra Eldridge, Rachelle Buchbinder, Martin Underwood, Robert Froud
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common health complaint resulting in substantial economic burden. Each year, upwards of 20 randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions for non-specific low back pain are published. Use of the term non-specific low back pain has been criticised on the grounds of encouraging heterogeneity and hampering interpretation of findings due to possible heterogeneous causes, challenging meta-analyses. We explored selection criteria used in trials of treatments for nsLBP...
April 12, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649711/the-interaction-of-bdnf-val66met-ptsd-and-child-abuse-on-psychophysiological-reactivity-and-hpa-axis-function-in-a-sample-of-gulf-war-veterans
#3
Dmitri A Young, Thomas C Neylan, Aoife O'Donovan, Thomas Metzler, Anne Richards, Jessica A Ross, Sabra S Inslicht
INTRODUCTION: While the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism has been linked to various psychological disorders, limited focus has been on its relationship to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and early traumas such as child abuse. Therefore, we assessed whether Val66Met was associated with fear potentiated psychophysiological response and HPA axis dysfunction and whether PTSD status or child abuse history moderated these outcomes in a sample of Veterans. METHODS: 226 and 173 participants engaged in a fear potentiated acoustic startle paradigm and a dexamethasone suppression test (DST) respectively...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642769/themes-of-healing-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-women-survivors-narratives-of-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Cassandra D'Amore, Stephanie L Martin, Karen Wood, Carolyn Brooks
Research on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women demonstrates the significant physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual consequences of this form of interpersonal trauma. It is well documented that experiencing IPV can have devastating consequences to women's physical and mental health, overall well-being, and quality of life, as well as that of their children's. However, a small, predominantly qualitative body of research exists on women's experience of and capacity for healing from the effects of IPV, but more research is needed to advance theory and practice in this important area...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629786/a-comparative-analysis-of-family-adaptability-and-cohesion-ratings-among-traumatized-urban-youth
#5
Alessandro Bellantuono, Philip A Saigh, Katherine Durham, Constance Dekis, Dusty Hackler, Leah A McGuire, Anastasia E Yasik, Phill V Halamandaris, Richard A Oberfield
OBJECTIVE: Given the need to identify psychological risk factors among traumatized youth, this study examined the family functioning of traumatized youth with or without PTSD and a nonclinical sample. METHOD: The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales, second edition (FACES II; Olson, Portner, & Bell, 1982), scores of youth with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n = 29) were compared with the scores of trauma-exposed youth without PTSD (n = 48) and a nontraumatized comparison group (n = 44)...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628203/a-comparative-analysis-of-psychological-trauma-experienced-by-children-and-young-adults-in-two-scenarios-evacuation-after-a-natural-disaster-vs-forced-migration-to-escape-armed-conflict
#6
P Myles, S Swenshon, K Haase, T Szeles, C Jung, F Jacobi, B Rath
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the psychological trauma experienced by children and young adults (CYAs) following displacement after natural disasters vs migration from conflict zones. In both instances, the decision to leave is usually cast by the family, and the life of CYAs is suddenly disrupted by external circumstances. STUDY DESIGN: An anonymous survey. METHODS: The same survey instrument, provided by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), was used to survey self-reported health needs among CYAs during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (Health Survey for Children and Adolescents After Katrina) in October 2005-February 2006 and again during the peak of refugee arrivals in Berlin between October 2015 and March 2016...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624725/narratives-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-traumatic-injury-markers-of-ongoing-depressive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#7
Jordan A Booker, Matthew E Graci, Lauren A Hudak, Tanja Jovanovic, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Robyn Fivush, Jennifer Stevens
In this study, we considered connections between the content of immediate trauma narratives and longitudinal trajectories of negative symptoms to address questions about the timing and predictive value of collected trauma narratives. Participants (N = 68) were individuals who were admitted to the emergency department of a metropolitan hospital and provided narrative recollections of the traumatic event that brought them into the hospital that day. They were then assessed at intervals over the next 12 months for depressive and posttraumatic symptom severity...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621722/ptsd-and-depressive-symptoms-are-linked-to-dheas-via-personality
#8
Danka Savic, Goran Knezevic, Gordana Matic, Svetozar Damjanovic
BACKGROUND: Research results on dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate ester (DHEAS) in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are inconsistent. We hypothesized that personality traits could be the confounders of DHEAS levels and disease symptoms, which could in part explain the discrepancy in findings. METHOD: This study was a part of a broader project in which simultaneous psychological and biological investigations were carried out in hospital conditions. 380 male subjects were categorized in four groups: A) current PTSD (n = 132), B) lifetime PTSD (n = 66), C) trauma controls (n = 101), and D) healthy controls (n = 81), matched by age...
March 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620390/yoga-as-an-intervention-for-psychological-symptoms-following-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#9
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Cari J Clark, Mary E Butler
Despite evidence of the physiologic impact of trauma, treatments are only beginning to focus on the impact of trauma on the body. Yoga may be a promising treatment for trauma sequelae, given research that supports yoga for general distress. The present study aims to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the effectiveness of yoga interventions for psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression, anxiety symptoms) following potentially traumatic life events. The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PsycINFO, Ovid Medline/PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase/Embase Classic...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618862/acetic-acid-dressings-finding-the-holy-grail-for-infected-wound-management
#10
Kapil S Agrawal, Anup Vidyadhar Sarda, Raghav Shrotriya, Manoj Bachhav, Vinita Puri, Gita Nataraj
Background: Wounds have since long, contributed majorly to the health-care burden. Infected long-standing non-healing wounds place many demands on the treating surgeon and are devastating for the patients physically, nutritionally, vocationally, financially, psychologically and socially. Acetic acid has long been included among agents used in the treatment of infected wounds. In this study, we have evaluated the use of acetic acid for topical application in the treatment of infected wounds...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611779/the-association-of-metacognitive-beliefs-with-emotional-distress-and-trauma-symptoms-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-cancer
#11
Peter L Fisher, Kirsten McNicol, Mary Gemma Cherry, Bridget Young, Ed Smith, Gareth Abbey, Peter Salmon
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: Adolescent and young adults who have survived cancer are at an increased risk of psychological distress. This study investigated whether metacognitive beliefs are associated with emotional distress and trauma symptoms in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of cancer independent of known covariates, including current physical health difficulties. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using multiple self-report measures. SAMPLE AND METHODS: Eighty-seven AYA survivors of cancer were recruited from follow-up appointments at an oncology unit and completed self-report questionnaires measuring emotional distress, posttraumatic stress symptoms, metacognitive beliefs, demographic information, and current physical health difficulties...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607675/-sharing-things-with-people-that-i-don-t-even-know-help-seeking-for-psychological-symptoms-in-injured-black-men-in-philadelphia
#12
Sara F Jacoby, John A Rich, Jessica L Webster, Therese S Richmond
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress is common in survivors of traumatic injury, yet across United States' trauma systems, it is rare that standard injury care integrates psychological evaluation and professional mental healthcare. The purpose of this study was to explore help-seeking for psychological symptoms in injured Black men living in Philadelphia. DESIGN: A subset of a cohort of 551 injured Black men admitted to a Trauma Center in Philadelphia participated in qualitative interviews that explored their perceptions of psychological symptoms after injury and the factors that guided their decision to seek professional mental health help...
April 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603845/vulvodynia-drug-research-heterogeneity-in-uncertainty-out
#13
Steven S Witkin
Vulvodynia is defined as an inability to experience pain-free vaginal penetration. It is a clinical diagnosis based on the exclusion of causative dermatological, infectious or endocrine factors. In the absence of objective laboratory criteria it is inevitable that multiple etiologies will be present in women with this diagnosis. It has been proposed that vulvodynia may be due to excessive local inflammation, sensitivity to a prior or current infection or dietary components, elevated local nerve fibre proliferation, hormonal alterations, central pain anomalies, pelvic floor muscle dysfunction, genetic factors or past psychological trauma (Lev-Sagie A and Witkin SS...
March 31, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602207/associations-of-lifetime-traumatic-experience-with-dysfunctional-eating-patterns-and-postsurgery-weight-loss-in-adults-with-obesity-a-retrospective-study
#14
Alexis Ruffault, Fanny Vaugeois, Charles Barsamian, Kàtia Lurbe I Puerto, Gérane Le Quentrec-Creven, Cécile Flahault, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Margot Ferrand, Claire Rives-Lange, Sébastien Czernichow, Claire Carette
This study aimed to examine the associations of lifetime traumatic experience with presurgery and postsurgery eating pathology and postoperative weight loss in a sample of adult bariatric surgery patients using electronic medical record (EMR) data. Presurgery lifetime exposure to traumatic event, presurgery and postsurgery dysfunctional eating patterns, and post-operative total and excess weight losses were extracted from electronic medical records of 200 adult bariatric surgery patients in 2013 and 2014. Logistic regression analyses were conducted...
March 30, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599104/physical-trauma-patients-with-symptoms-of-an-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-protocol-for-an-observational-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Injury, medical treatment, and rehabilitation can have major impacts on patients' wellbeing. About 25-33% of the patients experience an acute stress disorder (ASD) or a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after injury. ASD is a relatively new diagnosis. Therefore, knowledge about patients' experiences, the course of ASD and PTSD, and who is at risk for developing ASD or PTSD is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this multi-method study are to explore patients' experiences with injury (and their care) using a focus group study...
March 29, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598751/threat-bias-and-emotion-recognition-in-victims-of-ipv
#16
Kate Clauss, Caroline Clements
Although there is growing evidence of the association between threat bias and psychopathology in many trauma-exposed populations, there are few studies with intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. The present study assessed threat bias in IPV victims. It also examined potential differences in facial recognition ability between victims and nonvictims. Participants were 153 female college students currently in a dating relationship. Participants completed demographic and abuse severity measures. They then completed a dot-probe task to assess threat bias, and a facial expression recognition task to assess speed and accuracy of recognition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597297/parents-experiences-of-suicide-bereavement-a-qualitative-study-at-6-and-12-months-after-loss
#17
Victoria Ross, Kairi Kõlves, Lisa Kunde, Diego De Leo
The death of a child by suicide is a severe trauma, placing parents at greater risk of psychological morbidity and physical health problems compared to other causes of death. However, few studies have examined the aftermath and bereavement experience for parents following the death of a child to suicide, limiting the ability to guide effective postvention services through empirical research. The current study, which was part of a larger longitudinal investigation of suicide bereavement in Queensland, Australia, examined the individual experiences of both mothers and fathers bereaved by suicide over time, specifically at the six month and 12 month time points after their loss...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594635/reading-trauma-and-literary-caregiving-1914-1918-helen-mary-gaskell-and-the-war-library
#18
Sara Haslam
This article is about the relationship between reading, trauma and responsive literary caregiving in Britain during the First World War. Its analysis of two little-known documents describing the history of the War Library, begun by Helen Mary Gaskell in 1914, exposes a gap in the scholarship of war-time reading; generates a new narrative of "how," "when," and "why" books went to war; and foregrounds gender in its analysis of the historiography. The Library of Congress's T. W. Koch discovered Gaskell's ground-breaking work in 1917 and reported its successes to the American Library Association...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590487/psychological-flexibility-and-set-shifting-among-veterans-participating-in-a-yoga-program-a-pilot-study
#19
Timothy Avery, Christine Blasey, Craig Rosen, Peter Bayley
Introduction: Trauma-focused psychotherapies do not meet the needs of all veterans. Yoga shows some potential in reducing stress and perhaps even PTSD in veterans, although little is understood about the mechanisms of action. This study identifies preliminary correlates of change in PTSD and perceived stress for veterans participating in yoga. Materials and methods: Nine veterans (seven males and two females) were recruited from an existing clinical yoga program and observed over 16 wk...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589503/treatment-and-functional-outcomes-of-complex-tibial-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-using-the-ilizarov-method
#20
J Messner, L Johnson, D M Taylor, P Harwood, S Britten, P Foster
Aims The aim of this study was to report the clinical, functional and radiological outcomes of children and adolescents with tibial fractures treated using the Ilizarov method. Patients and Methods Between 2013 and 2016 a total of 74 children with 75 tibial fractures underwent treatment at our major trauma centre using an Ilizarov frame. Demographic and clinical information from a prospective database was supplemented by routine functional and psychological assessment and a retrospective review of the notes and radiographs...
March 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
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