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Psychological trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902039/the-value-of-medical-students-in-support-of-asylum-seekers-in-the-united-states
#1
(no author information available yet)
The global refugee/migrant crisis of displacement because of persecution and conflict carries staggering implications of ambiguity and loss for the individuals affected. In 2013, approximately 25,000 displaced people sought asylum in the United States; many of whom have experienced state-sponsored physical and psychological torture. With Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), several medical student clinics work closely with immigration attorneys and University and Community based clinicians to assist U.S. asylum seekers in their asylum claims...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898757/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-burn-injuries-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Inge Spronk, Catherine M Legemate, Jan Dokter, Nancy E E van Loey, Margriet E van Baar, Suzanne Polinder
BACKGROUND: Identifying predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQL) following burns is essential for optimization of rehabilitation for burn survivors. This study aimed to systematically review predictors of HRQL in burn patients. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Google Scholar were reviewed from inception to October 2016 for studies that investigated at least one predictor of HRQL after burns. The Quality in Prognostic Studies tool was used to assess risk of bias of included studies...
June 14, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898581/factors-associated-with-emotional-exhaustion-in-south-korean-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Bum-Sung Choi, Ji Sun Kim, Dong-Woo Lee, Jong-Woo Paik, Boung Chul Lee, Jung Won Lee, Ho-Sung Lee, Hwa-Young Lee
Objective: We examined associations between emotional exhaustion and selected sociodemographic and psychological factors among nurses in inpatient and outpatient nursing units at a university hospital in South Korea. Methods: The participants were 386 nurses who completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a measure of emotional exhaustion. Psychological characteristics were evaluated, including hardiness, self-esteem, experience of trauma, resilience, perceived stress, and social support...
June 15, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897311/resilience-in-non-offending-mothers-of-children-who-have-reported-experiencing-sexual-abuse
#4
Cher J McGillivray, Aileen M Pidgeon, Carol Ronken, Catherine A Credland-Ballantyne
Growing evidence shows that non-offending mothers experience significant loss and trauma following their child reporting experiencing sexual abuse. Maternal support offered to sexually abused children following disclosure can be a crucial factor in children's recovery. Although mothers are often seen as playing a central role in facilitating the recovery of their sexually abused child, there has been little focus on their own needs and profiles. This present study aimed to increase our understanding of the diversity of profiles of non-offending mothers of sexually abused children by exploring the differences in psychosocial traits of non-offending mothers (N = 68; age range 28-67 years) reporting higher and lower resilience...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896936/understanding-patients-and-dentists-perspectives-in-dental-trauma-management-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Wataru Ode, Violeta Lopez, Mun Loke Wong, Lone Schou, Victoria Soo Hoon Yu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients suffering dental trauma are unprepared for the disability challenge and necessary rehabilitation, while a traumatic event places an expanded demand on the dentist who is focused on treating disease. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) on patients, and to compare patients' and dentists' perceptions of the event. MATERIAL AND METHODS: TDI patients (aged ≥ 21 years) attending a tertiary dental hospital from 2011 - 2013 and their dentists were recruited with informed consent...
June 13, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896150/recovery-of-repressed-memories-in-fibromyalgia-patients-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-case-series-presentation-and-suggested-bio-psycho-social-mechanism
#6
Shai Efrati, Amir Hadanny, Shir Daphna-Tekoah, Yair Bechor, Kobi Tiberg, Nimrod Pik, Gil Suzin, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a condition considered to represent a prototype of central sensitization syndrome, characterized by chronic widespread pain and along with symptoms of fatigue, non-restorative sleep and cognitive difficulties. FMS can be induced by trauma, infection or emotional stress with cumulative evidence that dissociation is relatively frequent in FMS patients. Two randomized controlled trials have shown that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can induce neuroplasticity and be effective in patients suffering from FMS...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895725/pediatric-headache-clinic-model-implementation-of-integrative-therapies-in-practice
#7
REVIEW
Anna Esparham, Anne Herbert, Emily Pierzchalski, Catherine Tran, Jennifer Dilts, Madeline Boorigie, Tammie Wingert, Mark Connelly, Jennifer Bickel
The demand for integrative medicine has risen in recent years as research has demonstrated the efficacy of such treatments. The public has also become more conscientious of the potential limitations of conventional treatment alone. Because primary headache syndromes are often the culmination of genetics, lifestyle, stress, trauma, and environmental factors, they are best treated with therapies that are equally multifaceted. The Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri Headache Clinic has successfully incorporated integrative therapies including nutraceuticals, acupuncture, aromatherapy, biofeedback, relaxation training, hypnosis, psychology services, and lifestyle recommendations for headache management...
June 12, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895282/psychopathological-sequelae-of-female-genital-mutilation-and-their-neuroendocrinological-associations
#8
Anke Köbach, Martina Ruf-Leuschner, Thomas Elbert
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal evidence suggests the frequently traumatic nature of female genital mutilation (FGM). At present, systematic research on the psychological sequelae of this tradition has remained limited. The study provides preliminary, high-quality psychodiagnostic data on potential psychopathological consequences of FGM, with a focus on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), shutdown dissociation and other stress-related variables. METHODS: We investigated a convenience sample of N = 167 women, supported by the women's affairs headquarters in Jijiga (capital of the Ethiopian Somali Region) and a local Ethiopian non-governmental organization...
June 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895273/prevalence-of-acute-stress-disorder-among-road-traffic-accident-survivors-a-meta-analysis
#9
Wenjie Dai, Aizhong Liu, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Jing Deng, Zhiwei Lai, Jianzhou Yang, Shi Wu Wen
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accident (RTA), an unexpected traumatic event, may not only lead to death and serious physical injuries, but also could put survivors at an increased risk for a wide range of psychiatric disorders, particularly acute stress disorder (ASD). Early assessment of trauma-related psychological responses is important because acute trauma responses in the early post-traumatic period are among the robust predictors of long-term mental health problems. However, estimates of the prevalence of ASD among RTA survivors varied considerably across studies...
June 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894487/impact-of-chronic-sexual-abuse-and-depression-on-inflammation-and-wound-healing-in-the-female-reproductive-tract-of-hiv-uninfected-and-hiv-infected-women
#10
Mimi Ghosh, Jason Daniels, Maria Pyra, Monika Juzumaite, Mariel Jais, Kerry Murphy, Tonya N Taylor, Seble Kassaye, Lorie Benning, Mardge Cohen, Kathleen Weber
Sexual violence is associated with increased risk of HIV acquisition/transmission in women. Forced sex can result in physical trauma to the reproductive tract as well as severe psychological distress. However, immuno-biological mechanisms linking sexual violence and HIV susceptibility are incompletely understood. Using the Women's Interagency HIV Study repository, a total of 77 women were selected to form 4 groups, stratified by HIV serostatus, in the following categories: 1) no sexual abuse history and low depressive symptom score (below clinically significant cut-off, scores <16) (Control); 2) no sexual abuse history but high depressive symptom score, ≥16 (Depression); 3) chronic sexual abuse exposure and low depressive symptom score (Abuse); 4) chronic sexual abuse exposure and high depressive symptom score (Abuse+Depression)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892247/interoceptive-awareness-skills-for-emotion-regulation-theory-and-approach-of-mindful-awareness-in-body-oriented-therapy-mabt
#11
Cynthia J Price, Carole Hooven
Emotion regulation involves a coherent relationship with the self, specifically effective communication between body, mind, and feelings. Effective emotion regulation involves the ability to accurately detect and evaluate cues related to physiological reactions to stressful events, accompanied by appropriate regulation strategies that temper and influence the emotional response. There is compelling evidence demonstrating links between poor or disrupted awareness of sensory information, or interoceptive awareness, and difficulties with emotion regulation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891099/-personality-and-somatic-disorders
#12
J-M Darves-Bornoz
In the title of this text, by somatic disorders we mean those physical illnesses clearly related to a non-psychiatric medical field, frequently termed psychosomatic illnesses and somatoform disorders. For forty years, a trend of thought has focused with pertinence on the psychological peculiarities in patients with severe somatic diseases. Moreover, causality was often supposed in the regularly mentioned association between personality features and somatoform disorders. However, the revival of the study of the earlier field of relationships between mind and body by Briquet, Charcot, Janet and Freud in his first period has led to the reassessment of the meaning of these observations...
June 8, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887977/cardiovascular-and-psychological-responses-to-voluntary-recall-of-trauma-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Chia-Ying Chou, Roberto La Marca, Andrew Steptoe, Chris R Brewin
Voluntary recall of trauma is a key element in exposure-based psychotherapies and can trigger spontaneous dissociative responses such as flashbacks, depersonalisation, and derealisation. In order to examine the associations between cardiovascular and psychological responses to voluntary recollection of trauma, individuals with PTSD recalled a traumatic memory. Heart rate and heart rate variability were recorded continuously and the episodes when different forms of dissociation were experienced during the recall were identified...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887807/trauma-related-dissociation-is-linked-with-maladaptive-personality-functioning
#14
Antonella Granieri, Fanny Guglielmucci, Antonino Costanzo, Vincenzo Caretti, Adriano Schimmenti
Background: Extensive research has demonstrated the positive associations among the exposure to traumatic experiences, the levels of dissociation, and the severity of psychiatric symptoms in adults. However, it has been hypothesized in clinical literature that an excessive activation of the dissociative processes following multiple traumatic experiences may jeopardize the psychological and behavioral functioning of the individuals, fostering higher levels of maladaptive personality functioning. Methods: The study involved 322 adult volunteers from Italy...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886870/adam-montgomery-the-invisible-injured-psychological-trauma-in-the-canadian-military-from-the-first-world-war-to-afghanistan-montreal-kingston-mcgill-queen-s-university-press-2017-pp-xi-331-%C3%A2-29-99-hardback-isbn-9780773549951
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886113/comparison-of-intralesional-verapamil-versus-intralesional-corticosteroids-in-treatment-of-keloids-and-hypertrophic-scars-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Robabeh Abedini, Pardis Sasani, Hamid Reza Mahmoudi, Maryam Nasimi, Amir Teymourpour, Zahra Shadlou
BACKGROUND: Keloids and hypertrophic scars are due to overgrowth of dermal collagen following trauma to the skin that usually cause major physical, psychological and cosmetic problems. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, with a paired design, 50 patients with 2 or more keloids were included. In the control group (50 lesions), intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (40mg/mL) was injected at three-week intervals for a total of 18weeks. In the other group (50 lesions), lesions were treated by verapamil (2...
June 6, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882624/models-of-first-responder-coping-police-officers-as-a-unique-population
#17
Eamonn Arble, Ana M Daugherty, Bengt B Arnetz
The term "first responders" refers to a range of professional occupations, including police officers, fire fighters, search and rescue personnel, ambulance personnel, and military personnel. Research by the present authors has developed empirical models of first responder coping, identifying 2 coping pathways with differential outcomes: approach and avoidance coping. The present investigation considers police officers as a unique group and measures the extent to which police officers differ from other first responders in coping behaviours following trauma, based upon a nationally representative survey of 917 Swedish police officers...
June 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882025/medical-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-fcr-morbidity-in-breast-colorectal-and-melanoma-cancer-survivors-with-probable-clinically-significant-fcr-seeking-psychological-treatment-through-the-conquerfear-study
#18
Allan 'Ben' Smith, Louise Sharpe, Belinda Thewes, Jane Turner, Jemma Gilchrist, Joanna E Fardell, Afaf Girgis, Stephanie Tesson, Joseph Descallar, Melanie L Bell, Jane Beith, Phyllis Butow
PURPOSE: Despite the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence (FCR), understanding of factors underlying clinically significant FCR is limited. This study examined factors associated with greater FCR morbidity, according to a cognitive processing model, in cancer survivors who screened positively for clinically significant FCR seeking psychological treatment through the ConquerFear trial. METHODS: Participants had completed treatment for breast, colorectal or melanoma cancer 2 months to 5 years previously and scored ≥ 13/36 on the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory-Short Form (FCRI-SF)...
June 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881651/replicability-and-generalizability-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-networks-a-cross-cultural-multisite-study-of-ptsd-symptoms-in-four-trauma-patient-samples
#19
Eiko I Fried, Marloes B Eidhof, Sabina Palic, Giulio Costantini, Hilde M Huisman-van Dijk, Claudi L H Bockting, Iris Engelhard, Cherie Armour, Anni B S Nielsen, Karen-Inge Karstoft
The growing literature conceptualizing mental disorders like posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as networks of interacting symptoms faces three key challenges. Prior studies predominantly used (a) small samples with low power for precise estimation, (b) nonclinical samples, and (c) single samples. This renders network structures in clinical data, and the extent to which networks replicate across data sets, unknown. To overcome these limitations, the present cross-cultural multisite study estimated regularized partial correlation networks of 16 PTSD symptoms across four data sets of traumatized patients receiving treatment for PTSD (total N = 2,782)...
May 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877873/terrorist-attacks-in-paris-managing-mass-casualties-in-a-remote-trauma-center
#20
Florent Femy, Arnaud Follin, Philippe Juvin, Anne-Laure Feral-Pierssens
OBJECTIVE: On 13 November 2015, Paris was the target of multiple terrorist attacks responsible for a massive influx of casualties in emergency departments (EDs). Because of the activation of a local crisis plan and the arrival of extra staff, our capacities increased markedly. Our aim was to analyze whether our center, in this challenging context, efficiently managed this massive influx of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a monocentric retrospective study...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
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