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Psychological trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919121/psychological-trauma-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-victims-and-bereaved-families
#1
Minyoung Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918321/the-role-of-relocation-patterns-and-psychosocial-stressors-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-earthquake-survivors
#2
Ebru Salcioglu, Sahin Ozden, Furkan Ari
The psychological impact of relocation within and outside of a disaster region was examined in 541 survivors of the 2011 Van earthquake in Turkey at 16.5 months postdisaster. Relocation out of the region was determined by disaster-related property/financial losses and fear during the earthquake. Anticipatory fear of future earthquakes and less sense of control over life were the strongest predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms. Relocation within the disaster region predicted PTSD but not depression...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917699/the-relation-of-dissociation-and-mind-wandering-to-unresolved-disorganized-attachment-an-experience-sampling-study
#3
David Marcusson-Clavertz, Sabina Gušić, Hans Bengtsson, Heidi Jacobsen, Etzel Cardeña
Individuals with unresolved/disorganized representations of childhood trauma (U/d attachment) report more psychological distress than others, but little is known about their everyday mentation. In the present study adults with childhood trauma (N = 45) completed the Berkeley-Leiden Adult Attachment Questionnaire-Unresolved (BLAAQ-U) and the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and reported everyday mentation during 5 days of experience sampling. The BLAAQ-U and the AAI showed a medium association with each other, but only the former significantly predicted negative affect, dissociation, and low control/awareness of mentation...
December 5, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916759/odour-as-a-determinant-of-persistent-symptoms-after-a-chemical-explosion-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Gro Tjalvin, Nils Magerøy, Magne Bråtveit, Stein Håkon Låstad Lygre, Bjørg Eli Hollund, Bente Elisabeth Moen
Foul-smelling environmental pollution was a major concern following a chemical workplace explosion. Malodorous pollution has previously been associated with aggravated physical and psychological health, and in persons affected by a trauma, an incidence-related odour can act as a traumatic reminder. Olfaction may even be of significance in the development and persistence of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). The present longitudinal study assessed whether perceived smell related to malodorous environmental pollution in the aftermath of the explosion was a determinant of subjective health complaints (SHC) and PTSS among gainfully employed adults, when the malodorous pollution was present, and after pollution clean-up...
December 2, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914507/psychiatric-psychological-injury-and-law-introduction
#5
EDITORIAL
Gerald Young
This special issue on psychiatric/psychological injury and law covers major developments in the field, and illustrates the complexities for mental health professionals in dealing with psychiatric/psychological injuries in court. The articles vary in the range of topics covered, and include ones on posttraumatic stress disorder, other trauma reactions, dissociation, disability, pain, and traumatic brain injury, in particular but also new areas, such as the effects of early penile injury. Work in the area of psychiatric/psychological injury and law needs to be scientifically-informed, comprehensive, and impartial, and the series of articles to follow will help workers in the area meet this standard...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914166/trauma-related-dissociation-psychological-features-and-psychophysiological-responses-to-script-driven-imagery-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Dana Bichescu-Burian, Jürgen Steyer, Tilman Steinert, Benjamin Grieb, Stefan Tschöke
Defense reactions to threatening situations are vital adaptations to stress that protect organisms from injury and ensure survival. We retrospectively investigated the role of peritraumatic dissociation (PD) in the occurrence of severe psychopathology and dissociative patterns of reactions in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We recruited 28 patients with a clinical diagnosis of BPD and 15 healthy controls. The BPD group was divided according to the level of PD (low vs. high): BPD and PD (n = 15) and BPD only (n = 13)...
December 3, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895879/evaluation-of-stress-scores-throughout-radiological-biopsies
#7
Ozlem Turkoglu, Hasan Huseyin Mutlu
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures are the most prominent methods that increase the trauma, stress and anxiety experienced by the patients. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to examine the level of stress in patients waiting for radiologic biopsy procedures and determine the stress and anxiety level arising from waiting for a biopsy procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 35 female and 65 male patients who were admitted to the interventional radiology department of Kartal Dr...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895485/adhd-and-present-hedonism-time-perspective-as-a-potential-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-tool
#8
REVIEW
S Weissenberger, M Klicperova-Baker, P Zimbardo, K Schonova, D Akotia, J Kostal, M Goetz, J Raboch, R Ptacek
The article draws primarily from the behavioral findings (mainly psychiatric and psychological observations) and points out the important relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and time orientation. Specifically, the authors argue that there is a significant overlap between the symptoms of ADHD and Present Hedonism. Present Hedonism is defined by Zimbardo's time perspective theory and assessed by Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Developmental data on Present Hedonism of males and females in the Czech population sample (N=2201) are also presented...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894372/affective-lability-mediates-the-association-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicide-attempts-mixed-episodes-and-co-morbid-anxiety-disorders-in-bipolar-disorders
#9
M Aas, C Henry, F Bellivier, M Lajnef, S Gard, J-P Kahn, T V Lagerberg, S R Aminoff, T Bjella, M Leboyer, O A Andreassen, I Melle, B Etain
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown associations between a history of childhood trauma and more severe or complex clinical features of bipolar disorders (BD), including suicide attempts and earlier illness onset. However, the psychopathological mechanisms underlying these associations are still unknown. Here, we investigated whether affective lability mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and the severe clinical features of BD. METHOD: A total of 342 participants with BD were recruited from France and Norway...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886517/organic-vs-functional-neurological-disorders-the-role-of-childhood-psychological-trauma
#10
Thanos Karatzias, Ruth Howard, Kevin Power, Florentina Socherel, Craig Heath, Alison Livingstone
Although the relationship between psychological trauma and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) is well established, this relationship is less well understood in people with medically unexplained neurological symptoms. In the present study, we set out to compare people with functional neurological disorders, and organic neurological disorders, in terms of childhood and adulthood traumatic events, traumatic stress, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of depression and anxiety. We have hypothesised that those with functional neurological disorders would be more likely to report childhood and adulthood traumatic life events, traumatic symptomatology, emotional dysregulation and symptoms of anxiety and depression, compared to those with organic neurological disorders...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884855/effectiveness-of-trauma-focused-psychological-therapies-compared-to-usual-postnatal-care-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-women-following-traumatic-birth-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Marie Furuta, Debbie Spain, Debra Bick, Edmond S W Ng, Jacqueline Sin
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mental health has been largely neglected in the literature. Women, however, may be vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress symptoms or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), following traumatic birth. In turn, this may affect their capacity for child rearing and ability to form a secure bond with their baby and impact on the wider family. Trauma-focused psychological therapies (TFPT) are widely regarded as effective and acceptable interventions for PTSD in general and clinical populations...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883207/interpersonal-psychological-theory-alexithymia-and-personality-predict-suicide-ideation-among-maladjusted-soldiers-in-taiwan
#12
Kai-Cheng Huang, Dong-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hung Lin, Wei-Ching Chung
This case-control study enrolled 226 maladjusted soldiers and 229 controls to investigate the impact of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, alexithymia, personality, and childhood trauma on suicide risk among Taiwanese soldiers. Assessments included the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Eysenck Personality Inventory, Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and Brief Symptom Rating Scale. In addition to thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, other risks included less extraversion with higher neuroticism, higher alexithymia, poor academic performance, domestic violence, and life-threatening events...
November 24, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882508/regional-early-development-and-eruption-of-permanent-teeth-case-report
#13
A M Al Mullahi, A Bakathir, S Al Jahdhami
BACKGROUND: Early development and eruption of permanent teeth are rarely reported in scientific literature. Early eruption of permanent teeth has been reported to occur due to local factors such as trauma or dental abscesses in primary teeth, and in systemic conditions. Congenital diffuse infiltrating facial lipomatosis (CDIFL) is a rare condition that belongs to a group of lipomatosis tumours. In this disorder, the mature adipocytes invade adjacent soft and hard tissues in the facial region...
November 23, 2016: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876551/stressed-and-inflamed-can-gsk3-be-blamed
#14
REVIEW
Richard S Jope, Yuyan Cheng, Jeffrey A Lowell, Ryan J Worthen, Yoel H Sitbon, Eleonore Beurel
Psychological stress has a pervasive influence on our lives. In many cases adapting to stress strengthens organisms, but chronic or severe stress is usually harmful. One surprising outcome of psychological stress is the activation of an inflammatory response that resembles inflammation caused by infection or trauma. Excessive psychological stress and the consequential inflammation in the brain can increase susceptibility to psychiatric diseases, such as depression, and impair learning and memory, including in some patients with cognitive deficits...
November 19, 2016: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867440/an-unusual-case-of-a-metallic-foreign-body-per-urethra
#15
Haresh G Thummar, Hemen I Vithlani, Pokhraj P Suthar, Deepa Regina John, Nisha Thummar, Harendra Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Foreign body in the lower urinary tract has a low incidence. Here we discuss a case of a safety pin within the bulbar urethra inserted by a young boy for sexual gratification, which was successfully removed under cysto-urethroscopic guidance. CASE REPORT: Herein we present a case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with complaints of perineal pain and dysuria. On evaluation in detail and from clinical history, we came to know that he had inserted a safety pin within the urethra...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866288/impact-of-sexual-trauma-on-hiv-care-engagement-perspectives-of-female-patients-with-trauma-histories-in-cape-town-south-africa
#16
Melissa H Watt, Alexis C Dennis, Karmel W Choi, Nonceba Ciya, John A Joska, Corne Robertson, Kathleen J Sikkema
South African women have disproportionately high rates of both sexual trauma and HIV. To understand how sexual trauma impacts HIV care engagement, we conducted in-depth qualitative interviews with 15 HIV-infected women with sexual trauma histories, recruited from a public clinic in Cape Town. Interviews explored trauma narratives, coping behaviors and care engagement, and transcripts were analyzed using a constant comparison method. Participants reported multiple and complex traumas across their lifetimes. Sexual trauma hindered HIV care engagement, especially immediately following HIV diagnosis, and there were indications that sexual trauma may interfere with future care engagement, via traumatic stress symptoms including avoidance...
November 19, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865628/the-genesis-and-presentation-of-anxiety-in-disorders-of-autonomic-overexcitation
#17
Andrew P Owens, David A Low, Valeria Iodice, Hugo D Critchley, Christopher J Mathias
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the genesis and presentation of previously-reported anxiety in disorders of autonomic overexcitation in relation to interoception, body vigilance and trauma to test our hypothesis that patients with the postural tachycardia syndrome (PoTS), vasovagal syncope (VVS) and essential hyperhidrosis (EH) represent atypical anxiety phenotypes in whom affective symptoms are more related to apprehension and vigilance of physiological (interoceptive) feedback than neurotic or trauma-related factors...
October 19, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863701/the-many-wounds-of-war-the-association-of-service-related-and-clinical-characteristics-with-problems-with-the-law-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#18
Autumn Backhaus, Shadi Gholizadeh, Kathryn M Godfrey, James Pittman, Niloofar Afari
Previous research has demonstrated that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at higher risk for aggression, hostility, and anger, potentially leading to problems with the law or disciplinary action while in the military. There have been calls for increased consideration of the unique aspects of the judicial system in legal matters with veterans involved. The bulk of the research so far has considered the link between PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and combat exposure, but little is known about the potential role of chronic pain and Military Sexual Trauma (MST) in a veteran's experience of anger, aggression, and discipline while in the military and legal concerns...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863295/the-effect-of-early-psychological-symptom-severity-on-long-term-functional-recovery-a-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-a-cohort-study-of-minor-injury-patients
#19
Sara F Jacoby, Justine Shults, Therese S Richmond
BACKGROUND: The mental health consequences of injuries can interfere with recovery to pre-injury levels of function and long term wellbeing. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between psychological symptoms after minor injury and long-term functional recovery and disability. DESIGN: This exploratory study uses secondary data derived from a longitudinal cohort study of psychological outcomes after minor injury...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861458/combat-related-multifaceted-trauma-focused-group-therapy-a-pilot-study
#20
Ofir Levi, Ilan Wald, Vlad Svetlitsky, Sergei Zusmanovitz, Eli Parasha, Yael Shoval-Zuckerman, Gal Afik, Gal Haikin, Eyal Fruchter
The efficacy of combat-related trauma-focused group therapy (TFGT) was tested using a unique technique that combines principles from prolonged exposure, cognitive processing therapy, and art therapy. Eighty Israeli male veterans exposed to traumatic events participated in the study. They were divided into eight therapeutic groups led by four pairs of trained therapists. Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms and levels of functioning were taken at pretherapy, end of therapy, and 6 months posttherapy...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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