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Psychological trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530432/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-severity-and-health-service-utilization-in-trauma-exposed-parents
#1
Emma J Thompson, Vicki A Anderson, Stephen J C Hearps, Maria C McCarthy, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jan M Nicholson, Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) are common for parents of children with life-threatening illnesses or injuries. The impact of these psychological sequelae on parents' personal use of health services is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTSS severity prospectively predicts increased health service utilization (HSU), and to examine the relative importance of other predisposing and enabling factors in predicting HSU...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520689/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#2
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but it is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (1) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (2) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520322/-psychological-impact-of-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-on-the-witness-engaged-in-gestures-of-survival
#3
REVIEW
C Stassart, S Stipulante, R Zandona, A Gillet, A Ghuysen
The occurrence of an unexpected sudden death puts the witnesses of this event in a situation of high emotional impact. The benefit to allow the families of victims to dispense the first resuscitation techniques has been emphasized. However, little data exist on the emotional impact of a cardio-respiratory arrest outside the hospital on the witness, who is often a close family member. Recently, we investigated the presence of psychological distress and the factors influencing it, in the active practice of basic resuscitation gestures by the witnesses guided by the operator 112...
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#4
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509624/the-role-of-evidence-based-therapy-relationships-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-trauma-a-systematic-review
#5
Amy E Ellis, Vanessa Simiola, Laura Brown, Christine Courtois, Joan M Cook
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to systematically review and synthesize the empirical literature on the effects of evidence-based therapy relationship (EBR) variables in the psychological treatment for adults who experienced trauma-related distress. METHOD: Studies were identified using comprehensive searches of PsycINFO, Medline, Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508739/the-effects-of-supportive-care-interventions-on-depressive-symptoms-among-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-metaanalysis-of-randomized-controlled-studies
#6
Chia-Chen Hsieh, Fei-Hsiu Hsiao
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the effect of supportive care interventions on depressive symptoms in patients with lung cancer. METHOD: We searched the databases of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Ovid EMBASE, PubMed, and the Chinese Electronic Periodical Services (CEPS) from their inception until September of 2015. We included randomized controlled trial studies that compared standard care with supportive care interventions. The standardized mean difference (SMD) (Cohen's d) was calculated to estimate the effect of interventions...
May 16, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508360/genome-to-phenome-a-systems-biology-approach-to-ptsd-using-an-animal-model
#7
Nabarun Chakraborty, James Meyerhoff, Marti Jett, Rasha Hammamieh
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating illness that imposes significant emotional and financial burdens on military families. The understanding of PTSD etiology remains elusive; nonetheless, it is clear that PTSD is manifested by a cluster of symptoms including hyperarousal, reexperiencing of traumatic events, and avoidance of trauma reminders. With these characteristics in mind, several rodent models have been developed eliciting PTSD-like features. Animal models with social dimensions are of particular interest, since the social context plays a major role in the development and manifestation of PTSD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504542/do-changes-in-trauma-related-beliefs-predict-ptsd-symptom-improvement-in-prolonged-exposure-and-sertraline
#8
Andrew A Cooper, Lori A Zoellner, Peter Roy-Byrne, Matig R Mavissakalian, Norah C Feeny
OBJECTIVE: Negative trauma-related belief change has been found to predict subsequent improvement in symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in prolonged exposure (PE) and other therapies, consistent with several psychological theories of treatment change (e.g., Foa & Kozak, 1986). However, belief change has not been examined in selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as sertraline. We examined processes associated with symptom improvement in 2 treatments for PTSD, hypothesizing that belief change would robustly predict PTSD improvement in patients treated with PE but not those treated with sertraline, reflecting moderation by treatment...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504334/advances-in-functional-brain-imaging-technology-and-developmental-neuro-psychology-their-applications-in-the-jungian-analytic-domain
#9
Leon Petchkovsky
Analytical psychology shares with many other psychotherapies the important task of repairing the consequences of developmental trauma. The majority of analytic patients come from compromised early developmental backgrounds: they may have experienced neglect, abuse, or failures of empathic resonance from their carers. Functional brain imagery techniques including Quantitative Electroencephalogram (QEEG), and functional Magnetic Resonance Imagery (fMRI), allow us to track mental processes in ways beyond verbal reportage and introspection...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#10
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501651/severity-of-traumatic-injuries-predicting-psychological-outcomes-a-surprising-lack-of-empirical-evidence
#11
Adriel Boals, Zina Trost, Evan Rainey, Michael L Foreman, Ann Marie Warren
Despite widespread beliefs that trauma severity is related to levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), the empirical evidence to support such beliefs is lacking. In the current study we examined Injury Severity Score (ISS), a medical measure of event severity for physical injuries, in a sample of 460 patients admitted to a Level 1 Trauma Center. Results revealed no significant relationship between ISS and PTSS, depression, pain, and general physical and mental health at baseline, three months, and six months post-injury...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501462/ray-resection-in-paediatric-population
#12
S Martínez-Álvarez, A Maldonado-Morillo, I Vara-Patudo, C Martínez-González, C Miranda-Gorozarri
AIM: Evaluation of clinical and functional outcome of ray resection in paediatric population and description of key aspects of surgical technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients undergoing surgery between 2010-2015. INCLUSION CRITERIA: one or more ray resections of the hand and a minimum of one year follow-up. Evaluation of clinical characteristics, functional and cosmetic results, complications, need for psychological support and patient or family satisfaction...
May 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493745/-treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework-correction-to-grossman-et-al-2017
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect: A new framework" by Frances K. Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker and Elizabeth Hopper (American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 2017, Vol 87[1], 86-93). In the article, in the second sentence of the third paragraph of the "The Empirical Base for CBP" section, "construction of a life narrative" should have read "construction of a trauma narrative." The full corrected sentence follows: "Therefore, the trauma treatment component traditionally focused upon construction of a trauma narrative must be expanded to address the effects of trauma on our clients' entire life narratives, including their development of a sense of self and social identity...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493732/psychological-flexibility-mitigates-effects-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-negative-urgency-on-aggressive-behavior-in-trauma-exposed-veterans
#15
Sunny J Dutra, Naomi Sadeh
Recent literature suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can interact with personality factors to predict externalizing behaviors. Engagement in externalizing behaviors such as substance abuse and aggressive behavior may, in turn, increase risk for further trauma exposure and a more chronic course of PTSD. In order to better understand how to intervene on this cycle, the current study aimed to identify factors that could explain risk for externalizing behaviors among trauma-exposed veterans...
May 11, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493595/empathy-in-pediatric-intensive-care-nurses-part-1-behavioral-and-psychological-correlates
#16
Margot Latimer, Philip L Jackson, Fanny Eugène, Emily Macleod, Tara Hatfield, Etienne Vachon-Presseau, Pierre-Emmanuel Michon, Kenneth M Prkachin
AIM: To determine if differences exist between pediatric intensive care nurses and allied health professionals in empathy, secondary trauma, burnout, pain exposure and pain ratings of self and others. Early and late career differences were also examined. BACKGROUND: Nurses are routinely exposed to patient pain expression. This work context may make them vulnerable to adverse outcomes such as desensitization to patient pain or a compromise in personal wellbeing. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486966/the-clinical-course-of-trauma-related-disorders-and-personality-disorders-study-protocol-of-two-year-follow-up-based-on-structured-interviews
#17
Sanne Swart, Marleen Wildschut, Nel Draijer, Willemien Langeland, Jan H Smit
BACKGROUND: Trauma-related disorders and personality disorders are prevalent in survivors of chronic childhood trauma and neglect. Both conditions have serious consequences for patients, their families, society and public health and a high risk of development of chronicity. However, information on the long term course trajectories is lacking and predictors of course outcome in survivors of chronic childhood traumatization are unknown. The first aim of the current study is to identify two-year course trajectories of pathology in patients with trauma-related disorders and personality disorders...
May 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486955/changes-in-affect-after-completing-a-mailed-survey-about-trauma-two-pre-and-post-test-studies-in-former-disability-applicants-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#18
Maureen Murdoch, Shannon Marie Kehle-Forbes, Melissa Ruth Partin
BACKGROUND: One potential concern with using mailed surveys containing trauma-related content is the possibility of re-traumatizing survivors without a trained mental health professional present. Prior research provides insufficient guidance regarding the prevalence and magnitude of this risk because the psychological harms of trauma-related surveys have typically been estimated using single post-test observations. Post-test observations cannot quantify magnitude of change in participants' emotional states and may over or under estimate associations between participants' characteristics (risk factors) and post-survey upset...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486306/therapeutic-use-of-stem-cells-in-treatment-of-burn-injuries
#19
Jasmine Z Cheng, Ali Farrokhi, Aziz Ghahary, Reza B Jalili
Burn injuries are one of the most common sources of trauma globally that comprise a significant drain on long-term personal and healthcare cost. Large surface area burn wounds are difficult to manage and may result in significant physiologic and psychologic sequelae. The goal of burn wound healing research is to fully repair and restore skin's original structure and functionality while minimizing problems such as hypertrophic scarring and contracture. One of the ways this can be achieved is through augmentation of the skin's natural healing process using the regenerative capability of stem cells...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485695/the-impact-of-coping-and-emotional-intelligence-on-the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-from-past-trauma-adjustment-difficulty-and-psychological-distress-following-divorce
#20
Gulnara Slanbekova, Man Cheung Chung, Saltanat Abildina, Raikhan Sabirova, Gulzada Kapbasova, Baizhol Karipbaev
AIMS: Focusing on a group of Kazakh divorcees, this study examined the inter-relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from past trauma, coping strategies, emotional intelligence, adjustment difficulties, and psychiatric symptom severity following divorce. METHODS: One hundred and twenty divorcees participated in the research and completed the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, Brief COPE, and Fisher's Divorce Adjustment Scale Results: About 29% reported no trauma; 53%, 21%, and 26% met the criteria for no-PTSD, partial-PTSD, and full-PTSD respectively...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
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