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Psychological trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032166/interpersonal-vulnerability-among-offspring-of-holocaust-survivors-gay-men-and-its-association-with-depressive-symptoms-and-life-satisfaction
#1
Geva Shenkman, Amit Shrira, Kfir Ifrah, Dov Shmotkin
The aim of the current study was to examine whether offspring of Holocaust survivors (OHS) gay men report higher interpersonal vulnerability in comparison to non-OHS gay men, and to further assess whether that vulnerability mediates the association between having a Holocaust background and mental health outcomes (depressive symptoms and life satisfaction). For this purpose, a community-dwelling sample of 79 middle-aged and older OHS and 129 non-OHS gay men completed measures of hostile-world scenario (HWS) in the interpersonal domain, satisfaction from current steady relationship, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction...
October 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030502/injury-talk-spontaneous-parent-child-conversations-in-the-aftermath-of-a-potentially-traumatic-event
#2
Eva Alisic, Shaminka Gunaratnam, Anna Barrett, Rowena Conroy, Helen Jowett, Silvia Bressan, Franz E Babl, Roderick McClure, Vicki Anderson, Matthias R Mehl
BACKGROUND: While talking about traumatic experiences is considered central to psychological recovery, little is known about how these conversations occur in daily life. OBJECTIVE: We investigated spontaneous injury talk among parents and children in the aftermath of a child's hospitalisation due to physical trauma, and its relationship with children's socioemotional functioning. METHODS: In a prospective naturalistic observation study, we audio-sampled the daily life of 71 families with the Electronically Activated Recorder after their child (3-16 years old) was discharged from hospital...
October 13, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022847/the-prison-of-shame-finding-a-passage-through-dreams
#3
Leide Porcu
In New York City, a man and his therapist talk about shame as a psychological, bodily, gendered, and social experience that pervades even the consulting room. They describe and analyze trauma and guilt against the background of a common Mediterranean culture they experienced while growing up, albeit from different gendered and class positions. The patient's modest presenting complaint of blushing opens into an exploration that results in an unexpectedly profound transformation. Ultimately, therapy helps him acknowledge and process his traumatic experience of circumcision and other traumas...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019632/racial-and-ethnic-health-disparities-and-trauma-informed-care-for-children-exposed-to-community-violence
#4
Bradley C Stolbach, Seeba Anam
Racial and ethnic disparities in health outcomes and access have been consistently documented for a wide variety of physical and behavioral health conditions. Health inequities are most pronounced in areas with high levels of racial and ethnic segregation, where children and adolescents are also more likely to face economic inequality, which places them at high risk for exposure to neighborhood violence and traumatic loss. Community violence exposure (CVE) has been increasingly recognized as a prominent contributor to negative physical and mental health outcomes...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994884/trauma-of-the-hand-from-circular-saw-table-a-series-of-a-130-cases
#5
Yafa Hadj Hassine, Mohamed Hmid, Walid Baya
INTRODUCTION: Trauma of the hand from a circular saw table is a common occurrence in developing countries it tends to occur in young hand working people and it causes a serious lesions. METHODS: It was a retrospective series about a 130 cases of hand trauma from circular saw table. Epidemiological features, treatment, and permanent disabilities left by hand trauma from circular saw table were studied to identify ways to prevent such an accident. RESULTS: The average age was 31...
December 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994516/the-implication-of-combat-stress-and-ptsd-trajectories-in-metabolic-syndrome-and-elevated-c-reactive-protein-levels-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Zahava Solomon, Yafit Levin, Einor Ben Assayag, Orit Furman, Shani Shenhar-Tsarfaty, Shlomo Berliner, Avi Ohry
OBJECTIVE: This study sheds light on the importance of long-term follow-up of trauma survivors, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) trajectories, and early detection of health risk factors in trauma survivors. The present study prospectively assessed the following over 23 years: (1) the association of psychological and physiologic stress during captivity with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS), which includes hypertension; elevated levels of insulin, triglycerides, and fasting glucose; decreased levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and obesity and (2) the implication of PTSD trajectories in elevated CRP levels and MetS...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994483/-clemency-on-the-way-to-the-gallows-death-dreams-and-dissociation
#7
Kenneth Kimmel
The survivor of a decade of childhood sexual trauma and violence, perpetrated by a monstrous father, produced a series of dreams in the final year of a ten-year analysis. They illuminated the 'death drive' beneath a lifelong preoccupation with dying and fantasies of submission to death, perpetuated by the promise of hoped-for freedom from pain and release from a life of suffering. The initial dream involved the collapse of a team of white horses drawing him in a pillory cart to his own hanging for a crime he did not commit...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994362/perceived-workplace-interpersonal-support-among-workers-of-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plants-following-the-2011-accident-the-fukushima-nuclear-energy-workers-support-news-project-study
#8
Sho Takahashi, Jun Shigemura, Yoshitomo Takahashi, Soichiro Nomura, Aihide Yoshino, Takeshi Tanigawa
OBJECTIVE: The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident was the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl. The Daiichi workers faced multiple stressors (workplace trauma, victim experiences, and public criticism deriving from their company's post-disaster management). Literatures suggest the importance of workplace interpersonal support (WIS) in enhancing psychological health among disaster workers. We sought to elucidate the role of their demographics, disaster-related experiences, and post-traumatic stress symptoms on perceived WIS...
October 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993816/psychological-and-psychobiological-responses-to-immediate-early-intervention-in-the-emergency-department-case-report-of-one-session-exposure-therapy-for-the-prevention-of-ptsd
#9
Loren M Post, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Jennifer S Stevens, Renuka Reddy, Jessica L Maples, Jessica R Morgan, Alex O Rothbaum, Tanja Jovanovic, Kerry J Ressler, Barbara O Rothbaum
Research suggests that exposure therapy provided in the hours immediately following trauma exposure may prevent PTSD development. This case report presents data on an at-risk for PTSD participant involved in a motor-vehicle crash that caused her severe distress. She received one session of exposure therapy in the emergency department (ED) as part of an ongoing randomized controlled study examining the optimal dose of exposure therapy in the immediate aftermath of trauma. PTSD and depression measures were collected at pre-treatment assessment and one- and three-month follow-up...
2017: Practice Innovations (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992539/cross-lagged-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-coping-self-efficacy-in-long-term-recovery-a-four-wave-comparative-study
#10
Mark W G Bosmans, Peter G van der Velden
RATIONALE: Trauma-related coping self-efficacy (CSE) - in brief, the perceived ability to cope with the aftermath of a traumatic event - has been shown to affect psychological outcomes. A previous study showed that CSE affects subsequent PTSS levels, but not vice versa among a sample exposed 0-6 months ago. OBJECTIVE: In this four-wave follow-up study we examined the cross-lagged relationships between CSE and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among those exposed to PTEs (potentially traumatic events) 1-2 years before T1 in order to examine direction of influence...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991360/low-dose-naltrexone-a-novel-treatment-for-hailey-hailey-disease
#11
V Campbell, C McGrath, A Corry
Hailey-Hailey disease (chronic benign familial pemphigus) is a rare inherited dermatosis typically characterised by erosions at intertriginous sites preceded by minor trauma or stress. We report a case of treatment resistant Hailey-Hailey disease, having failed topical and oral steroids, prophylactic acyclovir and doxycycline, and systemic therapies including dapsone, acitretin and ciclosporin. Low dose naltrexone (LDN) 4.5mg one daily was commenced following an incidental benefit in this patient's similarly affected sister...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990877/parents-descriptions-of-young-children-s-dissociative-reactions-after-trauma
#12
Gabriela Cintron, Alison Salloum, Zoe Blair-Andrews, Eric A Storch
There is limited research on the phenomenology of how young children who have been exposed to trauma express the intrusive symptom of dissociative reactions. The current qualitative study utilized interviews from a semi-structured diagnostic clinical interview with 74 caregivers of young children (age 3 to 7) who were exposed to trauma to identify parents' descriptions of their children's dissociative reactions during a clinical interview. Based on results from the interview, 45.9% of the children had dissociative reactions (8...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982828/associations-between-compensable-injury-perceived-fault-and-pain-and-disability-1-year-after-injury-a-registry-based-australian-cohort-study
#13
Melita J Giummarra, Katharine S Baker, Liane Ioannou, Stella M Gwini, Stephen J Gibson, Carolyn A Arnold, Jennie Ponsford, Peter Cameron
OBJECTIVES: Compensable injury increases the likelihood of having persistent pain after injury. Three-quarters of patients report chronic pain after traumatic injury, which is disabling for about one-third of patients. It is important to understand why these patients report disabling pain, in order to develop targeted preventative interventions. This study examined the experience of pain and disability, and investigated their sequential interrelationships with, catastrophising, kinesiophobia and self-efficacy 1 year after compensable and non-compensable injury...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981316/an-extension-of-the-meaning-making-model-using-data-from-chinese-cancer-patients-the-moderating-effect-of-resilience
#14
Yiqun Gan, Lei Zheng, Yu Wang, Wenju Li
OBJECTIVE: Meaning making refers to the process of integrating the appraised meaning of a traumatic event into one's global belief system to reduce cognitive discrepancy. Park and Folkman (1997) proposed the renowned "meaning-making model," which was a major contribution to trauma research from a positive psychology viewpoint. This concept is important for understanding the trauma of cancer patients, as searching for meaning is fairly common after a cancer diagnosis. However, the original model did not incorporate individual differences in resilience, which might account for the fact that research on this model has produced contradictory results...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981315/maltreatment-and-trauma-symptoms-does-type-of-maltreatment-matter
#15
Else-Marie Augusti, Gunn Astrid Baugerud, Unni Sulutvedt, Annika Melinder
OBJECTIVE: Children frequently report a heightened experience of psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, aggression, and posttraumatic stress disorder in response to maltreatment. However, in recent years, scholars have suggested that different types of maltreatment may be associated with different symptomatology in children. METHOD: In the present study, we employ the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC) to investigate whether children who have experienced different types of maltreatment reveal different profiles of symptomatology...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978366/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-between-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-heterosexual-individuals-receiving-a-primary-care-psychological-intervention
#16
Katharine A Rimes, Matthew Broadbent, Rachel Holden, Qazi Rahman, David Hambrook, Stephani L Hatch, Janet Wingrove
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals experience more anxiety and depression than heterosexual people. Little is known about their comparative treatment response to psychological interventions. AIMS: To compare sociodemographic/clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes across sexual orientation groups, for adults receiving primary care psychological interventions from Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services in London, adjusting for possible confounders...
October 5, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#17
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962566/-i-stayed-with-my-illness-a-grounded-theory-study-of-health-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-pathways-of-patients-with-obstetric-fistula-in-kenya
#18
Anne M Khisa, Grace M Omoni, Isaac K Nyamongo, Rachel F Spitzer
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula classic symptoms of faecal and urinary incontinence cause women to live with social stigma, isolation, psychological trauma and lose their source of livelihoods. There is a paucity of studies on the health seeking behaviour trajectories of women with fistula illness although women live with the illness for decades before surgery. We set out to establish the complete picture of women's health seeking behaviour using qualitative research. We sought to answer the question: what patterns of health seeking do women with obstetric fistula display in their quest for healing? METHODS: We used grounded theory methodology to analyse data from narratives of women during inpatient stay after fistula surgery in 3 hospitals in Kenya...
September 29, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961352/therapeutic-alliance-in-psychological-therapy-for-people-with-schizophrenia-and-related-psychoses-a-systematic-review
#19
Lucy Shattock, Katherine Berry, Amy Degnan, Dawn Edge
Therapeutic alliance is a key predictor of therapy outcomes. Alliance may be particularly pertinent for people with schizophrenia as this group often have a history of interpersonal trauma and relationship difficulties including difficult relationships with mental health staff. This review aimed to determine (a) the quality of therapeutic alliance between people with schizophrenia and their therapists; (b) whether alliance predicts therapeutic outcomes; and (c) variables associated with alliance. Databases were searched from inception up to April 2015...
September 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959384/associations-between-societal-disapproval-and-changes-in-symptoms-of-ptsd-and-appetitive-aggression-following-treatment-among-high-risk-south-african-males
#20
Jessica Sommer, Martina Hinsberger, Leon Holtzhausen, Debra Kaminer, Soraya Seedat, Thomas Elbert, Mareike Augsburger, Andreas Maercker, Roland Weierstall
Background: In violent communities, social rejection as a person with victim-offender attributes is associated with more intense symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a higher propensity towards violence, i.e. appetitive aggression. Successful community reintegration encompassing adequate social acknowledgment of individuals with both a history of violence exposure and perpetration may be necessary to enhance the treatment effects of interventions addressing PTSD and aggression. Objective: In this study, the effects of treatment and post-treatment traumatic events, violent offenses, and social acknowledgment (with sub-dimensions of general disapproval, family disapproval, and recognition as a person with both a history of violence exposure and commission) on changes in PTSD symptom severity and appetitive aggression from baseline to 8-month follow-up were investigated...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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