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Urinary bladder ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316583/-foreign-body-ingestion-a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#1
Philipp Kasper, Fabian Kütting, Hans Anton Schlößer, Stefan Paul Mönig, Tobias Goeser, Natalie Jaspers
HISTORY AND FINDINGS UPON ADMISSION:  A 50-year-old man presented at the emergency unit with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant and dysuria. He described an increase in pain during micturition. EXAMINATIONS:  After multiple examinations (CT-scan, MR-scan, ileocolonoscopy) were performed to no avail, a toothpick was detected in the terminal ileum during an ultrasound scan of the small intestine. Prompted elevation of intra-abdominal pressure led to migration of the radiolucent sharp foreign body into the wall of the urinary bladder, inducing pain...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298467/impact-of-preoperative-patient-characteristics-and-flow-rate-on-failure-early-complications-and-voiding-dysfunction-after-a-transobturator-tape-procedure-a-multicentre-study
#2
Andrea Cocci, Giovanni E Cacciamani, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Maria Angela Cerruto, Martina Milanesi, Luis G Medina, Sebastiano Cimino, Walter Artibani, Giuseppe Morgia, Marco Carini, Vincenzo Li Marzi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of preoperative patient characteristics and flow rate on failure, early postoperative complications, and voiding in patients who underwent transvaginal tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O) treatment for uncomplicated stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent TVT-O for SUI at 3 Italian centres. The exclusion criteria were predominant voiding and storage symptoms suggestive of detrusor overactivity, the presence of grade >1 urogenital prolapse, previous pelvic radiotherapy or other clinical contraindications for surgical procedures, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and collagen diseases...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246146/combined-bladder-neck-preservation-and-posterior-musculofascial-reconstruction-during-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-effects-on-early-and-long-term-urinary-continence-recovery
#3
Riccardo Bartoletti, Andrea Mogorovich, Francesco Francesca, Giorgio Pomara, Cesare Selli
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of combined bladder neck preservation and posterior reconstruction techniques on early and long term urinary continence in patients treated by robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: Two-hundred ninety-two patients who previously underwent radical prostatectomy were retrospectively selected for a case-control study, excluding those with anastomotic strictures and significant perioperative complications and re-called for a medical follow-up visit after their consent to participate the study...
December 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241311/a-larger-detrusor-wall-thickness-increases-the-risk-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-recurrence-and-progression-result-from-a-multicenter-observational-study
#4
Antonio Cicione, Stefano Manno, Giuseppe Ucciero, Francesco Cantiello, Rocco Damiano, Estevao Lima, Alessandro Posti, Filippo Balloni, Cosimo DE Nunzio
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental study showed a higher incidence of bladder cancer in presence of bladder detrusor muscle thickening. The aim of this study is to assess whether a higher detrusor muscle thickness (DWT) may be a risk factor of recurrence of non-muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer (NMIBC). METHODS: Men with histologically-confirmed diagnosis of NMIBC were prospectively enrolled in 4 centers between December 2015 and April 2017. DWT was measured by ultrasound and DWT>2...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229221/intravesical-electromotive-botulinum-toxin-type-a-administration-for-management-of-urinary-incontinence-secondary-to-neuropathic-detrusor-overactivity-in-children-long-term-follow-up
#5
Seyedeh-Sanam Ladi-Seyedian, Lida Sharifi-Rad, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term efficacy and success rate of intravesical electromotive botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) "Dysport®" administration in myelomeningocele (MMC) patients who had urinary incontinence due to neuropathic detrusor overactivity (NDO). METHODS: Twenty four MMC patients (mean age: 9± 3.6 years, range: 3-16) were included in the study and followed up for six years. Using an electrode bladder catheter, 10 IU/kg of Dysport® (BoNTA) was inserted into the bladder for electromotive drug administration (EMDA) without anesthesia on outpatient basis...
December 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205689/ultrasound-findings-and-associated-factors-to-morbidity-in-schistosoma-haematobium-infection-in-a-highly-endemic-setting
#6
Cristina Bocanegra García, Zeferino Pintar, Xavier Serres, Jacobo Mendioroz, Milagros Moreno, Sara Gallego, Teresa López, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Maria Luisa Aznar, Nicolau Sikaleta, Eva Gil, Fernando Salvador, Israel Molina
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of the WHO classification of ultrasound pathological changes and to establish risk factors for morbidity in a highly endemic setting. METHODS: 157 ultrasounds were performed on school-aged children previously diagnosed with urinary schistosomiasis in Cubal, Angola. The findings were analysed according to WHO guidelines. Factors for morbidity were studied. RESULTS: Mean age of the children was 8.7 (SD 3...
December 4, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203988/correlation-of-transabdominal-ultrasonography-and-cystoscopy-in-follow-up-of-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#7
Ahluwalia Puneet, Nair Balagopal, Kumar Ginil, Mathew Georgie, K V Sanjeevan, Thomas Appu
Cystoscopy (CS) is considered to be the gold standard in the follow-up of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. However, CS is invasive, time-consuming, and expensive. On the other hand, modern sensitive transducers have improved the imaging of urinary tract rendering transabdominal ultrasonography (US) more effective in visualizing intraluminal filling defects in the bladder than it was in the past. Twenty-five follow-up patients of low-risk bladder cancer meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in study...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201517/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-vesicouterine-fistula-repair-experience-from-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#8
Bimalesh Purkait, Seema Mehrotra, Rahul Janak Sinha, Ved Bhaskar, Vishwajeet Singh
Objective: Vesicouterine fistula (VUF) is an uncommon cause of female genito-urinary fistula. Most of these fistulas are due to lower segment uterine cesarean section (LSCS). Traditionally, open surgical repair has been the traditional treatment. However, laparoscopic repair of VUF is a minimally invasive technique and few case reports have been published with short term follow up. In the present study, we are presenting our long- term outcome of laparoscopic repair of VUF. Material and methods: A retrospective analysis of 8 patients with VUF was performed from 2010 to 2015...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198187/unusual-presentation-of-prune-belly-syndrome-a-case-report
#9
Abayneh Girma Demisse, Ashenafi Berhanu, Temesgen Tadesse
BACKGROUND: Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown etiology, with the following triad of findings: abdominal muscle wall weakness, undescended testes, and urinary tract abnormalities. In most cases, detection of prune belly syndrome occurs during neonatal or infancy period. In this case report, we describe a 12-year-old boy from Ethiopia with the triad of findings of prune belly syndrome along with skeletal malformations. We are unaware of any previous report of prune belly syndrome in Ethiopia...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190688/spatial-and-temporal-profile-of-cisplatin-delivery-by-ultrasound-assisted-intravesical-chemotherapy-in-a-bladder-cancer-model
#10
Noboru Sasaki, Kazuhiro Ishi, Nobuki Kudo, Shouta M M Nakayama, Kensuke Nakamura, Keitaro Morishita, Hiroshi Ohta, Mayumi Ishizuka, Mitsuyoshi Takiguchi
Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer is one of the most common tumors of the urinary tract. Despite the current multimodal therapy, recurrence and progression of disease have been challenging problems. We hereby introduced a new approach, ultrasound-assisted intravesical chemotherapy, intravesical instillation of chemotherapeutic agents and microbubbles followed by ultrasound exposure. We investigated the feasibility of the treatment for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. In order to evaluate intracellular delivery and cytotoxic effect as a function to the thickness, we performed all experiments using a bladder cancer mimicking 3D culture model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184602/-giant-lithiasis-due-to-urinary-stasis-related-to-ileo-caecal-bladder
#11
Hamza Dergamoun, Zayd El Boukili El Makhoukhi
Bladder exstrophy is a malformation characterized by subumbilical anterior abdominal wall and anterior bladder wall deishence. It affects nearly 30.000-40.000 births per year, with a higher prevalence in boys. External continent urinary diversion creates a long-term outcome. However, it is not devoid of complications. We report the case of a 30-year old female patient who had undergone cystectomy with bladder replaced with ileo-caecal segment for bladder exstrophy 13 years earlier. She was followed up for 5 years and then lost to follow up...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161808/renal-outcome-of-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-system-a-singe-center-retrospective-study
#12
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have been defined in 20 to 50% of all fetal anomalies. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of such patients, as well as to describe the outcome and risk factors that affect the prognosis. METHODS: The analysis investigated retrospective data from 303 patients diagnosed with CAKUT between January 2015 and April 2017. Demographic data, clinical history, diagnosis, investigations, disease outcomes, and treatment procedures were evaluated...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158937/connatal-urinary-ascites-in-a-female-preterm
#13
Barbara Brunner, Elisabeth Ralser, Elisabeth D'Costa, Kathrin Maurer, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer, Elke Griesmaier
Background: Connatal urinary ascites is rare in females without associated malformations and occurs following bladder rupture. Case Presentation: A female very preterm was delivered by caesarean section because of abnormal Doppler findings. The mother suffered from viral pneumonia requiring intensive care in the third trimester of pregnancy. Serial fetal ultrasound examinations showed a megacystis and ascites. Postnatally, pronounced isolated ascites was drained and its urinary nature was confirmed...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153469/postoperative-urinary-retention-or-difficulties-to-empty-the-bladder-in-young-patients-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#14
Heli Keskinen, Linda Helenius, Olli Pajulo, Ilkka J Helenius
BACKGROUND: Postoperative urinary retention has been reported to affect up to 27% of adults undergoing degenerative lumbar spine surgery and approximately one-third of children undergoing lower-extremity orthopedic surgery. No data exist on the incidence and risk factors of postoperative urinary tract retention/difficulties to empty the bladder in young patients undergoing instrumented posterior spinal fusion. We aimed to characterize incidence, risk factors and treatment of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) and difficulties to empty the bladder in young patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for idiopathic scoliosis...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147754/vaginal-ultrasound-for-imaging-of-a-urinary-bladder-mass-and-treatment-of-a-large-leiomyoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-in-pregnancy
#15
Roman Zachoval, Kristyna Dukatova, Kamil Svabik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144628/overactive-bladder-syndrome-and-bladder-wall-thickness-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Zahide Yilmaz, Bekir Voyvoda, Pinar Bekdik Şirinocak
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the presence of overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome, nocturia, urgency, and urge incontinence in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and measure bladder wall thickness (BWT) in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient group was composed of 38 patients with OSAS. The control group was composed of 15 healthy individuals. All patients were evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS)...
November 19, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140571/is-overactive-bladder-microvasculature-disease-a-component-of-systemic-atheroscleorosis
#17
Ahmet Ozgur Yeniel, Ahmet Mete Ergenoglu, Reci Meseri, Erkan Kismali, Anıl Ari, Gulgun Kavukcu, Hikmet H Aydin, Handan Ak, Sevcan Atay, Ismail Mete Itil
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between overactive bladder (OAB) and systemic atherosclerosis in a cohort of women. METHODS: In this case-control study, we assessed atherosclerosis indicators, such as Framingham risk scores and carotid and femoral artery intima-media thickness, and evaluated possible bladder wall responses to atherosclerosis using endovaginal color Doppler ultrasound and the detection of urinary cytokines in women with OAB and in controls. Quantitative assessment of blood perfusion at the bladder neck was performed using a method that allows for the dynamic monitoring of flow in a predefined region of interest at every point of the cardiac cycle...
November 15, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135135/-ultrasound-indicators-of-the-prostate-urinary-bladder-and-uroflowmetry-parameters-in-the-diagnosis-of-infravesical-obstruction-in-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#18
G G Krivoborodov, N S Efremov, A D Bolotov
RELEVANCE: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common urologic diseases of males. In patients who failed drug therapy of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) caused by BPH, the most important indication for surgery is the presence of infravesical obstruction (IVO). IVO is detected by pressure-flow studies and is characterized by high detrusor pressure with decreased urinary flow rate. The invasiveness and high cost of this investigation has stimulated a search for non-invasive techniques that could reliably characterize the presence of IVO secondary to BPH...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126395/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-of-small-cell-carcinoma-in-urinary-bladder-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Meixiang Zhang, Chengcheng Niu, Ming Zhang, Qinghai Peng, Minzhi Ouyang
BACKGROUND: Small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder (SCCB) is a relatively rare malignant bladder tumor, and few reports have investigated the microvasculature of SCCB imaged using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old female was admitted to our hospital after experiencing painless gross hematuria for one week. The gray-scale ultrasound (US) demonstrated a 4.8 × 3.4 × 3.6-cm(3) hypoechoic mass in the apex of the urinary bladder with a wide base and an irregular surface; the mass did not move with changes in body position...
November 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103058/diagnosis-and-classification-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-by-transperineal-two-dimensional-ultrasound
#20
Yan-Qing Li, Jing Geng, Cheng Tan, Jun Tang, Xin Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the significance of transperineal two-dimensional ultrasound in the diagnosis and classification of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: A total of 87 preoperative SUI patients (group A) from the Department of Gynecology of Peking University People's Hospital were included into this study. These patients were further divided into two groups (groups A1 and A2) according to the severity of their disease...
October 23, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
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