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Urinary bladder ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909773/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-fetal-pelvic-cysts
#1
REVIEW
Styliani Archontaki, Yvan Vial, Sylviane Hanquinet, Reto Meuli, Leonor Alamo
The detection of fetal anomalies has improved in the last years as a result of the generalization of ultrasound pregnancy screening exams. The presence of a cystic imaging in the fetal pelvis is a relatively common finding, which can correspond to a real congenital cystic lesion or result from the anomalous liquid accumulation in a whole pelvic organ, mainly the urinary bladder, the uterus, or the vagina. In selected cases with poor prognosis and/or inconclusive echographic findings, magnetic resonance may bring additional information in terms of the characterization, anatomical location, and real extension of the pathology...
December 1, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907976/are-complications-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-surgery-procedures-associated-with-the-position-of-the-sling
#2
Jacek Kociszewski, George Fabian, Susanne Grothey, Andrzej Kuszka, Aneta Zwierzchowska, Wojciech Majkusiak, Ewa Barcz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the sling position is associated with particular types of complications in patients undergoing suburethral sling placement for stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Data from 100 women diagnosed at the Evangelical Hospital Hagen-Haspe with complications after suburethral sling insertion were analyzed. All patients underwent pelvic floor ultrasound to assess: urethral length, sling location in relation to the urethral length (%) and the sling distance to the longitudinal smooth muscle complex of the urethra (the sling-longitudinal smooth muscle distance)...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897018/-ultrasound-comparison-of-adjustable-single-incision-ajust-and-transobturator-tapes-to-assess-post-operative-fixation-and-function-and-clinical-efficacy
#3
F Farhat, K Švabík, P Hubka, A Martan, J Mašata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare fixation and mobility of adjustable single-incision (Ajust) and standard transobturator midurethral sling (TVT-O) tapes based on postoperative ultrasound monitoring of the position of the tape at rest and at maximal Valsava (tape descent). The hypothesis was that fixation of SIMS Ajust is comparable to that achieved by the standard transobturator midurethral sling. SETTING: Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, GUH and 1st Charles University Prague; Gynecology and Obstetrics Department Masarykova nemocnice Ústí nad Labem...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883314/diagnostic-and-surgical-approach-to-prenatally-detected-urinary-tract-anomalies
#4
Mile Petrovski
Regular ultrasound examinations carried out in the second trimester of pregnancy help in detecting many anomalies in the fetal urinary tract. Their percentage ranges from 1% to 3% of all controlled pregnancies. There is a wide spectrum of anomalies that affect the urinary tract, but the most significant are: uretero/hydronephrosis (unilateral or bilateral), kidney agenesis, dysplastic kidney, polycystic and multicystic kidneys, anomalies of ascent, anomalies of kidney rotation or fusion, bladder exstrophy, posterior urethra valve etc...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862250/prenatal-myelomeningocele-repair-do-bladders-better
#5
Maya Horst, Luca Mazzone, Thomas Schraner, Christine Bodmer, Ueli Möhrlen, Martin Meuli, Rita Gobet
AIMS: Prenatal myelomeningocele (MMC) repair has been proven to significantly reduce the need for hydrocephalus shunting and improve lower-extremity motor outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of prenatal MMC repair on the urological outcome. METHODS: All patients who underwent fetal MMC repair at our institution are followed prospectively. Assessments include medical history, renal and bladder ultrasound, voiding cystourethrogram and urodynamic study, need for clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) and anticholinergics, and the occurrence of urinary tract infections (UTI)...
November 15, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844121/trans-abdominal-ultrasound-shear-wave-elastographyfor-quantitative-assessment-of-female-bladder-neck-elasticity
#6
David Sheyn, Yasmine Ahmed, Nami Azar, Sherif El-Nashar, Adonis Hijaz, Sangeeta Mahajan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Disorders of micturition result from a wide variety of conditions and evaluation often involves multiple diagnostic modalities. However, the sensitivity and specificity of these techniques are highly variable and may not always yield a diagnosis. Novel imaging techniques such as ultrasound shear wave elastography may help to improve diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: Continent women were recruited from outpatient gynecology offices from a tertiary medical system...
November 14, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842760/-laparoscopic-ureterovesical-repair-for-megaureter-treatment
#7
Sergio Landa-Juárez, Alejandra Guerra-Rivas, Ramón Salgado-Sangri, Ana María Castillo-Fernandez, Hermilo de la Cruz-Yañez, Carlos Garcia-Hernandez
BACKGROUND: An alternative treatment for obstructive and refluxing obstructive megaureter with ureterovesical junction maintenance through laparoscopy is proposed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The series consists of 8 cases, all of them studied because of prenatal hydronephrosis or febrile urinary tract infection. Seven were diagnosed with obstructive megaureter and one with obstructive refluxing megaureter. The procedure consisted in incising the stenotic portion of the ureter longitudinally and maintaining its posterior wall attached to the bladder, the anterior wall of the ureter was anastomosed transversally to the bladder mucosa in order to liberate the obstruction...
November 11, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833989/borderline-brenner-tumors-associated-with-ovarian-cyst-case-presentation
#8
Dinu Florin Albu, Cristina CrenguŢa Albu, Alexandru Marian Gogănău, Ştefan Dimitrie Albu, LaurenŢiu Mogoantă, Antoine Edu, Damian DiŢescu, Constantin Cristian Văduva
Borderline Brenner tumors represent quite a rare entity of ovarian tumors (about 2%) that develop from the surface ovarian epithelium. They are formed from papillary structures made of fibrovascular conjunctive axes covered by a transition epithelium, similar to the urinary bladder epithelium. According to the WHO classification, Brenner tumors present the following forms: benign, borderline and malignant. The benign ones are the most frequent, representing about 95%, the borderline represent about 5%, and the malignant ones less than 1%...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794580/think-of-the-conus-medullaris-at-the-time-of-diagnosis-of-fetal-sacral-agenesis
#9
Nicolas Mottet, Jelena Martinovic, Claire Baeza, Fabien Guimiot, Jean-Philippe Bault, Marie Cécile Aubry, Didier Riethmuller, Michel Zerah, Celia Cretolle, Alexandra Benachi
BACKGROUND: There is no precise prenatal indicator to refine an accurate prognosis in case of sacral agenesis and to define the diagnostic approach and outcome criteria in case of fetal sacral agenesis using 3 characteristics of the conus medullaris (CM): its position, its appearance, and associated spinal abnormalities. METHODS: Ten cases of prenatally diagnosed sacral agenesis were included between 1995 and 2014 after collating ultrasound findings and prenatal computed tomography data...
October 29, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778388/detrusor-overactivity-increases-bladder-wall-thickness-in-male-patients-a-urodynamic-multicenter-cohort-study
#10
Cosimo De Nunzio, Fabrizio Presicce, Riccardo Lombardo, Simon Carter, Carlo Vicentini, Andrea Tubaro
AIMS: To evaluate the role of Bladder wall thickness (BWT) as a predictor of Detrusor overactivity (DO) in patients with Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)/Benign prostatic enlargement without Bladder Outlet Obstruction. METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2000, each new patient, aged 45 years or older with LUTS, underwent standard diagnostic assessment, urodynamic studies (cystometry and pressure flow studies), and ultrasound measurements of the bladder wall thickness (BWT) in two centers...
October 24, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778369/is-bladder-neck-and-urethral-mobility-associated-with-urinary-incontinence-and-mode-of-delivery-4-years-after-childbirth
#11
Ingrid Volløyhaug, Isabelle van Gruting, Kim van Delft, Abdul H Sultan, Ranee Thakar
AIMS: To study changes in bladder neck, urethral mobility and urinary incontinence (UI) from pregnancy to 4 years postpartum and demonstrate any association to mode of delivery or presence of levator ani muscle (LAM) injury. Secondly, we aimed to correlate bladder neck and urethral mobility to UI symptoms. METHODS: Prospective study of 180 women, recruited in their first pregnancy and followed up 1 and/or 4 years postpartum. UI symptoms were assessed with a validated questionnaire...
October 24, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746247/cowper-s-syringocele-a-rare-differential-diagnosis-of-infravesical-obstruction-in-boys-and-young-adults
#12
Felix Blasl, Wolfgang H Rösch, Mark Koen, Mircia-Aurel Ardelean, Anne-Karoline Ebert
OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION: Cowper's syringocele is a cystic dilation of the bulbourethral gland duct, initially defined by Maizels et al. in 1983. Although obstructive and non-obstructive types of this rare anomaly are described, clinical symptoms are highly unspecific. Therefore, we report 12 cases of children and young adults diagnosed with Cowper's syringocele to further clarify clinical course, comorbidity and treatment strategies. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively collected clinical data of 12 children and young adults from birth to 18...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738292/basic-abdominal-point-of-care-ultrasound-training-in-the-undergraduate-students-as-mentors
#13
Gonzalo Garcia-Casasola, Francisco Javier García Sánchez, Davide Luordo, Deborah Forrester Zapata, María Carnevali Frías, Victoria Villena Garrido, Javier Villanueva Martínez, Alberto Forero de la Sotilla, José Manuel Casas Rojo, Juan Torres Macho
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the ability of medical students to be integrated in the teaching of basic abdominal ultrasound using a peer-mentoring design. METHODS: Thirty medical students previously trained in basic abdominal ultrasound (mentors) had to teach all fourth-year students (n = 136) from a single academic year the same training they had received. There were 3 stages to the ultrasound teaching: theoretical (online course); basic training (3 practical sessions in which students were guaranteed to have had a minimum of 15 hours of practical experience with ultrasound and performed at least 20 basic abdominal ultrasound studies); and evaluation (objective structured clinical examination in which students had to obtain the basic abdominal views and to identify 17 structures)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706123/non-invasive-ultrasound-measurements-in-male-patients-with-luts-and-benign-prostatic-obstruction-implication-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-a-systematic-review
#14
Fabrizio Presicce, Cosimo De Nunzio, Mauro Gacci, Enrico Finazzi Agrò, Andrea Tubaro
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of the ultrasound assessments of the bladder/detrusor wall thickness (BWT/DWT) and the ultrasound estimated bladder weight (UEBW) in lower urinary tract symptoms diagnosis and treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search from January 1995 until February 2016 was performed on PubMed using the following terms: Bladder Weight, Bladder Wall Thickness, Detrusor Wall Thickness, LUTS, Bladder Outlet Obstruction (BOO), Benign Prostatic Obstruction...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688864/development-of-epidural-and-paraspinal-abscesses-after-insufficient-evaluation-and-treatment-of-acute-pyelonephritis-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus
#15
Mi Jeoung Kim, Hyang Mo Koo, Woo Joo Lee, Jin Hwan Choi, Mi Nyong Choi, Sang Young Park, Woo Jung Kim, Seung Yeon Son
Diagnoses of pyelonephritis caused by Staphylococcus aureus should be accompanied by investigations of concomitant bladder obstruction and metastatic infections, especially to the spine or heart. Complicated pyelonephritis due to S. aureus requires more than 2 weeks of antibiotics, which is the typically recommended treatment duration for pyelonephritis. We describe a patient who was diagnosed with complicated epidural and paraspinal abscesses after insufficient evaluation and treatment of acute pyelonephritis due to S...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663268/fetal-stomach-and-gallbladder-in-contact-with-the-bladder-wall-is-a-common-ultrasound-sign-of-stomach-down-left-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#16
Tara A Morgan, Amaya Basta, Roy A Filly
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify sonographic (US) findings that can assist in prenatal diagnosis of stomach-down left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), specifically related to positioning of the abdominal contents including the stomach, bladder, and gallbladder. METHODS: All US examinations with a postnatally confirmed diagnosis of stomach-down left CDH over a 13-year period were retrospectively reviewed for abnormal position of the abdominal contents, including whether the fetal stomach was in contact with the urinary bladder...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637984/prospective-analyses-of-female-urinary-incontinence-symptoms-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#17
Keiko Okumura, Kumiko Yamaguchi, Tatsuya Tamaki, Kazuhiro Oinuma, Hikaru Tomoe, Keiichi Akita
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Some patients with hip osteoarthritis report that urinary incontinence (UI) is improved following total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the type and severity of UI remain unclear. In this study, we hypothesize that both stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and urge urinary incontinence (UUI) are improved after THA. We assess the characteristics of UI and discuss the anatomical factors related to UI and THA for improved treatment outcome. METHODS: Fifty patients with UI who underwent direct anterior-approach THA were evaluated...
September 16, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637141/ureterocele-in-newborns-infants-and-children-ten-year-prospective-study-with-primary-endoscopic-deroofing-and-double-j-dj-stenting
#18
Sujit K Chowdhary, Deepak K Kandpal, Anupam Sibal, Rajendra N Srivastava, Anand S Vasudev
AIM: To evaluate the success of endoscopic deroofing with double J (DJ) stenting as a primary treatment modality of uncomplicated ureterocele. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All babies with uncomplicated ureterocele referred to us between 2005 and 2015 were to be prospectively recruited into the study without any exception. The preoperative management would include ultrasound KUB on a fixed protocol, micturating cystourethrogram, DTPA scan and MRU (magnetic resonance urography) or IVP (intravenous pyelography)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635146/detection-of-urinary-tract-pathology-in-some-schistosoma-haematobium-infected-nigerian-adults
#19
O S Onile, H O Awobode, V S Oladele, A M Agunloye, C I Anumudu
Screening for Schistosoma haematobium infection and its possible morbidity was carried out in 257 adult participants in Eggua community, Ogun State, Nigeria. Parasitological assessment for the presence of ova of S. haematobium in urine and abdominopelvic ultrasonographic examination for bladder and secondary kidney pathology were carried out. S. haematobium prevalence of 25.68% (66/257) was recorded among the participants. There was a significantly higher prevalence of 69.2% of urinary schistosomiasis in the females than the prevalence of 31...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619683/how-common-is-ballooning-hiatal-area-on-3d-transperineal-ultrasound-in-urogynecological-patients-and-its-association-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#20
Stefan B Albrich, K Welker, B Wolpert, J Steetskamp, S Porta, A Hasenburg, C Skala
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor ultrasound plays a major role in urogynecologic diagnostics. Using 3D ultrasound we can identify integrity of levator ani and measure hiatal area in the axial plane. The main goal of our study was to measure hiatal area on Valsalva in a cohort of urogynecological patients. Furthermore, we aimed to correlate hiatal area with urogynecological symptoms, levator integrity and evaluate cut-off values for pelvic organ prolapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, we included 246 patients seen for urogynecological problems in our tertiary urogynecological unit...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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