Read by QxMD icon Read

Urinary bladder ultrasound

Felix Blasl, Wolfgang H Rösch, Mark Koen, Mircia-Aurel Ardelean, Anne-Karoline Ebert
OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION: Cowper's syringocele is a cystic dilation of the bulbourethral gland duct, initially defined by Maizels et al. in 1983. Although obstructive and non-obstructive types of this rare anomaly are described, clinical symptoms are highly unspecific. Therefore, we report 12 cases of children and young adults diagnosed with Cowper's syringocele to further clarify clinical course, comorbidity and treatment strategies. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively collected clinical data of 12 children and young adults from birth to 18...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Gonzalo Garcia-Casasola, Francisco Javier García Sánchez, Davide Luordo, Deborah Forrester Zapata, María Carnevali Frías, Victoria Villena Garrido, Javier Villanueva Martínez, Alberto Forero de la Sotilla, José Manuel Casas Rojo, Juan Torres Macho
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the ability of medical students to be integrated in the teaching of basic abdominal ultrasound using a peer-mentoring design. METHODS: Thirty medical students previously trained in basic abdominal ultrasound (mentors) had to teach all fourth-year students (n = 136) from a single academic year the same training they had received. There were 3 stages to the ultrasound teaching: theoretical (online course); basic training (3 practical sessions in which students were guaranteed to have had a minimum of 15 hours of practical experience with ultrasound and performed at least 20 basic abdominal ultrasound studies); and evaluation (objective structured clinical examination in which students had to obtain the basic abdominal views and to identify 17 structures)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Fabrizio Presicce, Cosimo De Nunzio, Mauro Gacci, Enrico Finazzi Agrò, Andrea Tubaro
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the role of the ultrasound assessments of the bladder/detrusor wall thickness (BWT/DWT) and the ultrasound estimated bladder weight (UEBW) in lower urinary tract symptoms diagnosis and treatment. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search from January 1995 until February 2016 was performed on PubMed using the following terms: Bladder Weight, Bladder Wall Thickness, Detrusor Wall Thickness, LUTS, Bladder Outlet Obstruction (BOO), Benign Prostatic Obstruction...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Mi Jeoung Kim, Hyang Mo Koo, Woo Joo Lee, Jin Hwan Choi, Mi Nyong Choi, Sang Young Park, Woo Jung Kim, Seung Yeon Son
Diagnoses of pyelonephritis caused by Staphylococcus aureus should be accompanied by investigations of concomitant bladder obstruction and metastatic infections, especially to the spine or heart. Complicated pyelonephritis due to S. aureus requires more than 2 weeks of antibiotics, which is the typically recommended treatment duration for pyelonephritis. We describe a patient who was diagnosed with complicated epidural and paraspinal abscesses after insufficient evaluation and treatment of acute pyelonephritis due to S...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Tara A Morgan, Amaya Basta, Roy A Filly
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify sonographic (US) findings that can assist in prenatal diagnosis of stomach-down left congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), specifically related to positioning of the abdominal contents including the stomach, bladder, and gallbladder. METHODS: All US examinations with a postnatally confirmed diagnosis of stomach-down left CDH over a 13-year period were retrospectively reviewed for abnormal position of the abdominal contents, including whether the fetal stomach was in contact with the urinary bladder...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Keiko Okumura, Kumiko Yamaguchi, Tatsuya Tamaki, Kazuhiro Oinuma, Hikaru Tomoe, Keiichi Akita
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Some patients with hip osteoarthritis report that urinary incontinence (UI) is improved following total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the type and severity of UI remain unclear. In this study, we hypothesize that both stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and urge urinary incontinence (UUI) are improved after THA. We assess the characteristics of UI and discuss the anatomical factors related to UI and THA for improved treatment outcome. METHODS: Fifty patients with UI who underwent direct anterior-approach THA were evaluated...
September 16, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Sujit K Chowdhary, Deepak K Kandpal, Anupam Sibal, Rajendra N Srivastava, Anand S Vasudev
AIM: To evaluate the success of endoscopic deroofing with double J (DJ) stenting as a primary treatment modality of uncomplicated ureterocele. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All babies with uncomplicated ureterocele referred to us between 2005 and 2015 were to be prospectively recruited into the study without any exception. The preoperative management would include ultrasound KUB on a fixed protocol, micturating cystourethrogram, DTPA scan and MRU (magnetic resonance urography) or IVP (intravenous pyelography)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
O S Onile, H O Awobode, V S Oladele, A M Agunloye, C I Anumudu
Screening for Schistosoma haematobium infection and its possible morbidity was carried out in 257 adult participants in Eggua community, Ogun State, Nigeria. Parasitological assessment for the presence of ova of S. haematobium in urine and abdominopelvic ultrasonographic examination for bladder and secondary kidney pathology were carried out. S. haematobium prevalence of 25.68% (66/257) was recorded among the participants. There was a significantly higher prevalence of 69.2% of urinary schistosomiasis in the females than the prevalence of 31...
2016: Journal of Tropical Medicine
Stefan B Albrich, K Welker, B Wolpert, J Steetskamp, S Porta, A Hasenburg, C Skala
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor ultrasound plays a major role in urogynecologic diagnostics. Using 3D ultrasound we can identify integrity of levator ani and measure hiatal area in the axial plane. The main goal of our study was to measure hiatal area on Valsalva in a cohort of urogynecological patients. Furthermore, we aimed to correlate hiatal area with urogynecological symptoms, levator integrity and evaluate cut-off values for pelvic organ prolapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, we included 246 patients seen for urogynecological problems in our tertiary urogynecological unit...
September 12, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Prashant Sadashiv Patil, Abhaya Gupta, Paras L Kothari, Geeta Kekre, Rahul Gupta, Vishesh Dikshit, Kedar Mudkhedkar, Krishna Kesan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze immediate and long-term results of lipomeningomyelocele (LMM) repair in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients of LMM presented to Department of Paediatric Surgery over a period from 2011 to 2015 were evaluated preoperatively by magnetic resonance imaging of whole spine, and pre- and post-operative Ultrasound of kidney, ureter, bladder, and neurosonogram. Surgical procedure involved total excision of lipoma in 15 patients and near total excision in 2 patients...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Giulio Mari, Andrea Costanzi, Elisa Galfrascoli, Andrea Rosato, Jacopo Crippa, Dario Maggioni
Laparoscopic anterior rectal resection with total mesorectal excision is related to sexual and urinary disorders. Anastomotic leak and neo-adjuvant radiation therapy are effective factors in worsening pelvic function. We report a series of 50 elderly (age 70) patients who underwent laparoscopic total mesorectal excision inquired about pre and post-operative genito-urinary function. Patients were interviewed preoperatively, 1 and 9 months post-operatively with validated questionnaires about sexual and urinary function and quality of life...
July 2016: Chirurgia
Monika Miklaszewska, Przemysław Korohoda, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Michał Wolnicki, Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Dorota Drożdż, Jacek A Pietrzyk
Myelomeningocele (MMC) results from a failure of normal neural tube fusion in early fetal development. Retrospective, observational study of medical data of 54 children treated in Pediatric Nephrology and Urology Clinics for five years was performed. The following data were analyzed: serum creatinine, eGFR, urine analysis, renal scintigraphy (RS), renal ultrasound, and urodynamics. Mean age of studied population: 12.3 years, median of eGFR at the beginning and at the end of survey was 110.25 and 116.5 mL/min/1...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
L Donon, S Warembourg, J-F Lapray, A Cortesse, J-F Hermieu, B Fatton, M Cayrac, X Deffieux, M Geraud, L Le Normand
INTRODUCTION: The issue addressed in this chapter of recommendations is: What is the clinical and para-clinical assessment to achieve in women with genital prolapse and for whom surgical treatment has been decided. What are the clinical elements of the examination that must be taken into account as a risk factor of failure or relapse after surgery, in order to anticipate and evaluate possible surgical difficulties, and to move towards a preferred surgical technique? MATERIAL AND METHODS: This work is based on a systematic review of the literature (PubMed, Medline, Cochrane Library, Cochrane Database of Systemactic Reviews, EMBASE) for meta-analyzes, randomized trials, registries, literature reviews, controlled studies and major not controlled studies, published on the subject...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Ismail Yağmur, Burak Turna, Ali Tekin, Emir Akıncıoğlu, Bnu Sarsık, İbrahim Ulman
INTRODUCTION: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is generally common in men older than 50 years of age but is extremely rare in childhood. In the literature to date, fewer than five cases have been reported under 18 years of age. Owing to the limited number of cases, the etiology and management of BPH in the first two decades is not clear. OBJECTIVE: We herein report a 17-year-old boy who presented with acute urinary retention due to BPH and was treated with endoscopic transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P)...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Abul-Fotouh Ahmed, Mohamed Bedewi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of the bladder and prostate sonomorphologic parameters for the diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)/benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: First-visit men, aged ≥ 50 years, with LUTS/BPH were prospectively enrolled. Added to the initial basic evaluation, all patients underwent pelvic ultrasonography and pressure flow study. The pressure flow study was used as a reference standard for BOO, and according to its results, patients were divided into BOO and non-BOO groups...
August 31, 2016: Urology
Constantinos Nastos, Ira Sotirova, Athanasios Papatsoris, Andreas Skolarikos, Ioannis Papaconstantinou, Athanasios Dellis
BACKGROUND: Urethrorectal fistula is a rare and debilitating condition. Spontaneous closure is rarely effective, and appropriate management regarding timing of repair and surgical approach remains controversial. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of an 18-year-old male found to have a urethrorectal fistula after diagnostic work up for unejaculation. The patient gradually developed recurrent urinary tract infections and urine and semen leak from his rectum. He had a medical history of an anorectal reconstruction in the second postnatal day due to an anorectal malformation...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Jan M Trela, Julie E Dechant, William T Culp, Mary B Whitcomb, Carrie A Palm, Jorge E Nieto
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful management of a urethral stricture with an absorbable stent in a stallion. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical report. ANIMALS: Stallion with a urethral stricture. RESULTS: A 12-year-old Thoroughbred breeding stallion was evaluated for acute onset of colic. Uroperitoneum because of presumptive urinary bladder rupture, with urethral obstruction by a urethrolith, was diagnosed. The uroperitoneum was treated conservatively...
August 25, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Takahisa Suzuki, Atsushi Otsuka, Seiichiro Ozono
OBJECTIVES: To examine which parameters obtained from transrectal ultrasonography are accurate predictors of urodynamically-confirmed bladder outlet obstruction in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia. METHODS: The records of 350 patients with complaints of lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia were reviewed. Baseline parameters were international prostate symptom score, quality of life score, postvoid residual urine volume, prostate-specific antigen, and data obtained from uroflowmetry and transrectal ultrasonography...
August 21, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
J I Perez-Reggeti, R Sanchez-Salas, A Sivaraman, E Linares Espinos, A E de Gracia-Nieto, E Barret, M Galiano, F Rozet, A Fregeville, R Renard-Penna, N Cathala, A Mombet, D Prapotnich, X Cathelineau
OBJECTIVE: We report our initial experience in the treatment of prostate cancer (PCa) with high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) using the Focal-One(®) device. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review of the prospectively populated database. Between June 2014 to October 2015, 85 patients underwent HIFU (focal/whole-gland) treatment for localized PCa. Preoperative cancer localization was done with multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and transperineal mapping biopsies...
August 16, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Ariella A Friedman, Paul F Zelkovic, Edward F Reda, Israel Franco, Lane S Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Aphallia is exceedingly rare (1/30 million births). Previous reports have provided limited detail on associated urinary tract findings. OBJECTIVE: We reviewed urinary tract anomalies in two boys with aphallia (patients 1 and 2) and a girl with urinary tract dysplasia, a similar external appearance and lack of corporal tissue (patient 3), also consistent with aphallia. CASE REPORTS (FIGURE): Patients 1 and 2 both had a 46XY karyotype, bilateral descended testes in well-formed scrotums, and posterior skin tags containing rudimentary urethras...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"