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Bladder ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213799/the-hybrid-technique-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-treatment-apical-sling-and-subfascial-colporrhaphy
#1
Dmitry Shkarupa, Nikita Kubin, Alexey Pisarev, Anastasiya Zaytseva, Ekaterina Shapovalova
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The majority of patients with cystocele undergoing reconstructive surgery have combined defects of pubocervical fascia and uterosacral/cardinal ligament complex. In this regard, the simultaneous correction of both defects is rational. Furthermore, decreasing the use of synthetic materials in pelvic floor surgery is an important goal. The aim was to evaluate the objective and subjective cure rate of a hybrid technique: bilateral sacrospinous fixation using modern monofilament synthetic tape (apical sling) combined with the original technique of subfascial colporrhaphy...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210364/caudal-edge-of-the-liver-in-the-right-upper-quadrant-ruq-view-is-the-most-sensitive-area-for-free-fluid-on-the-fast-exam
#2
Viveta Lobo, Michelle Hunter-Behrend, Erin Cullnan, Rebecca Higbee, Caleb Phillips, Sarah Williams, Philips Perera, Laleh Gharahbaghian
INTRODUCTION: The focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) exam is a critical diagnostic test for intraperitoneal free fluid (FF). Current teaching is that fluid accumulates first in Morison's pouch. The goal of this study was to evaluate the "sub-quadrants" of traditional FAST views to determine the most sensitive areas for FF accumulation. METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of all adult trauma patients who had a recorded FAST exam by emergency physicians at a Level I trauma center from January 2012 - June 2013...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210025/vascular-lipoleiomyoma-of-the-uterus-an-unusual-case
#3
Vesna Chibisheva, Vesna Antovska, Milka Trajanova, Drage Dabeski, Rubens Jovanovic, Ivana Kijajova
INTRODUCTION: Uterine lipoleiomyomas are a rare type of uterine myomas, which have been seldom diagnosed and are less known and still unusual. Histologically they are composed of smooth muscle cells with multiple fat cells and fibrous tissue. Their pathogenesis is still a stigmata and their preoperative diagnosis is still questionable. CASE REPORT HISTORY: A 39-year old woman presented at the University clinic for obstetrics and gynecology with complaints of a mild low abdominal and pelvic pain, increased frequency of vaginal bleeding and abdominal distension...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178975/evaluation-of-dogs-with-genetic-hyperuricosuria-and-urate-urolithiasis-consuming-a-purine-restricted-diet-a-pilot-study
#4
Jodi L Westropp, Jennifer A Larsen, Eric G Johnson, Dannika Bannasch, Andrea J Fascetti, Vincent Biourge, Yann Queau
BACKGROUND: Urate urolithiasis is a common problem in breed homozygous for the mutation that results in hyperuricosuria. Low purine diets have been recommended to reduce purine intake in these dogs. METHODS: A higher protein, purine restricted diet with water added was evaluated in dogs with genetic hyperuricosuria and a history of clinical urate urolithiasis over a one year time period. Dogs were evaluated at baseline and 2, 6, and 12 months after initiating the test diet...
February 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178045/assessment-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-cervical-length-image-quality
#5
Rupsa C Boelig, Helen Feltovich, Jean Lea Spitz, Gregory Toland, Vincenzo Berghella, Jay D Iams
OBJECTIVE: To use data from the Cervical Length Education and Review program to evaluate the quality of transvaginal cervical length ultrasonography by trained imagers (ie, ultrasonographers, radiologists, perinatologists). METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of data from the Cervical Length Education and Review program. Candidates underwent an online lecture series, examination, and submitted a batch of images for review. For a candidate's batch of images to pass, all images must meet at least seven of the nine criteria assessed, the overall batch score needs to be 80% or greater, correct caliper placement must be met for all images, and the same criterion cannot be consistently missed...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176494/ultrasound-bladder-wall-thickness-and-detrusor-overactivity-a-multicentre-test-accuracy-study
#6
P Latthe, L Middleton, S Rachaneni, S McCooty, J Daniels, A Coomarasamy, M Balogun, J Duckett, R Thakar, I Goranitis, T Roberts, J Deeks
OBJECTIVE: Women with overactive bladder (OAB) often undergo urodynamics before invasive treatments are considered. Ultrasound measurement of bladder wall thickness (BWT) is a less invasive, less expensive and widely available test. It has the potential to diagnose the presence of detrusor overactivity (DO). We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of BWT in the diagnosis of DO. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Twenty-two UK clinics (university and district general hospitals)...
February 7, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169124/-therapeutic-mega-ureter-primitive-before-one-year-of-life-retrospective-study-of-20years
#7
B Picart, M Pons, A Line, C François, M-L Poli Merol
INTRODUCTION: What is the proper way to manage complicated primary mega-ureter in infants under the age of one. This has already been discussed in the literature but the controversy remains. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the long-term results of the management of mega-ureter based support under the age of one. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single-center retrospective study from 1990 to 2010. All children under one year found were evaluated including clinical examination, ultrasound, scintigraphy and cystography...
February 3, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166071/gallbladder-volume-in-sikkimese-population
#8
R Dey, B K Sharma, V K Singh, D K Jha
Background Gall bladder volume can have clinical and therapeutic implications and possibly affect certain pathophysiological mechanisms of many diseases affecting the gallbladder including gall stones. Objective The objective of the study was to establish baseline indices of gallbladder volume for the Sikkimese population and determine its correlation with age, sex and Body Mass Index. Method A prospective epidemiologic study on selected 100 patients (equal male to female ratio) over the age of 36 years, undergoing ultrasound scan of abdomen, was undertaken...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161381/cystoscopic-evaluation-of-bladder-leiomyoma
#9
Samuel L Washington, Arash Eslami, David T Tzou
We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with a history of uterine polyps and 3 months worth of gross hematuria who was found to have a bladder mass on cystoscopy. While this mass appeared benign visually, it demonstrated enhancement on axial imaging with increased internal vascularity on Doppler ultrasound. A transurethral resection demonstrated bladder leiomyoma. This case increases the urologist's recognition of a well-described but previously under-represented condition by showcasing its visual appearance on cystoscopy...
February 1, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141556/ultrasound-measurement-of-the-gallbladder-wall-thickness-in-the-assessment-of-the-risk-of-conversion-from-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-to-open-surgery-olkusz-county-experience
#10
Dariusz Kania
: The aim of the study was to assess the risk of intraoperative difficulties, conversion and biliary-intestinal fistula during laparoscopic cholecystectomy on the basis of an ultrasound-measured gall-bladder wall thickness. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 50 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for chronic gallstone-induced cholecystitis. To calculate the relationships between categorical variables, a chi-square (χ2) independence test was used, and the results were interpreted for the significance threshold of α = 0...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139845/valsalva-versus-straining-there-is-a-distinct-difference-in-resulting-bladder-neck-and-puborectalis-muscle-position
#11
Kaven Baessler, Melanie Metz, Baerbel Junginger
AIMS: To assess the effects of the Valsalva manoeuvre versus straining on bladder neck (BN) and puborectalis muscle (PR) position, BN stiffness and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activation in urinary incontinent women and healthy continent controls. METHODS: We recruited 17 continent and 85 incontinent women. A Microtip transducer measured urethral and vesical/abdominal pressures. A surface EMG electrode attached to a sponge was placed vaginally at the pelvic floor level...
January 31, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138411/granulomatous-prostatitis-after-intravesical-immunotherapy-mimicking-prostate-cancer
#12
Waldemar Białek, Sławomir Rudzki, Paweł Iberszer, Lech Wronecki
Intravesical immunotherapy with attenuated strains of Mycobacterium bovis is a widely used therapeutic option in patients with non-muscle-invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. A rare complication of intravesical therapy with the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine is granulomatous prostatitis, which due to increasing levels of prostate-specific antigen and abnormalities found in transrectal examination of the prostate may suggest concomitant prostate cancer. A case of extensive granulomatous prostatitis in a 61-year-old patient which occurred after the first course of a well-tolerated Bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy is presented...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138409/the-standards-of-an-ultrasound-examination-of-the-prostate-gland-part-1
#13
REVIEW
Janusz F Tyloch, Andrzej Paweł Wieczorek
The article discusses the principles of the proper performance of the ultrasound examination of the prostate gland. The paper has been divided into two parts: the general one and the detailed one. The first part presents the necessary requirements referring to the ultrasound apparatus for performing transabdominal examinations of the urinary bladder and the prostate gland as well as for transrectal examinations of the prostate gland. The paper also describes the techniques of performing both examinations together with the methods of measuring the capacity of the urinary bladder and the volume of the prostate gland...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138408/kidney-ultrasound-what-is-important-for-a-urologist
#14
REVIEW
Tomasz Szopiński, Elżbieta Keller, František Záťura
Kidney ultrasound is one of the basic procedures in the practice of a urologist. Apart from the location and the size, description of renal morphology should contain the thickness of the anterior lip parenchyma in a transverse section and the location of possible narrowings. Uneven outline of the kidney is a sign of past inflammatory conditions. In the case of the pelvicalyceal system dilation, it is advised to specify the dimensions of the pelvis and calyces. Convex shape of the calyces proves elevated pressure within the pelvicalyceal system...
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133847/fetal-megacystis-prediction-of-spontaneous-resolution-and-outcome
#15
F Fontanella, L Duin, P N Adama van Scheltema, T E Cohen-Overbeek, E Pajkrt, M Bekker, C Willekes, C J Bax, C M Bilardo
OBJECTIVES: To predict likelihood of spontaneous resolution during fetal life and postnatal outcome of fetal megacystis, diagnosed in all trimesters in pregnancy. METHODS: This was a national retrospective cohort study. Fetal megacystis was defined in the first trimester as a longitudinal bladder diameter (LBD) ≥ 7 mm, and in the 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimester as an enlarged bladder failing to empty during the entire extended ultrasound (US) examination. LBD and GA at resolution were investigated as of likelihood of resolution and of postnatal outcome, respectively...
January 30, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128682/percutaneous-cholecystocentesis-in-cats-with-suspected-hepatobiliary-disease
#16
Victoria L Byfield, Julie E Callahan Clark, Bradley J Turek, Charles W Bradley, Mark P Rondeau
Objectives The objective was to evaluate the safety and diagnostic utility of percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis (PUC) in cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease. Methods Medical records of 83 cats with suspected hepatobiliary disease that underwent PUC were retrospectively reviewed. Results At the time of PUC, at least one additional procedure was performed in 79/83 cats, including hepatic aspiration and/or biopsy (n = 75) and splenic aspiration (n = 18). Complications were noted in 14/83 cases, including increased abdominal fluid (n = 11), needle-tip occlusion (n = 1), failed first attempt to penetrate the gall bladder wall (n = 1) and pneumoperitoneum (n = 1)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126017/ruptured-aortic-aneurysm-due-to-mycobacterium-bovis-bcg-with-a-delayed-bacteriological-diagnosis-due-to-false-negative-result-of-the-mpb-64-immunochromatographic-assay
#17
J Simar, L Belkhir, B Tombal, E André
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant therapy with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), a live attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, has become the treatment of choice for low-risk superficial bladder carcinoma following transurethral resection of the bladder. Complications following vesical BCG instillations are uncommon but, in some cases, severe side-effects can occur such as sepsis or mycotic aneurysm. Besides usual laboratory techniques used for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) infections (smear microscopy and cultures), commercial immunochromatographic assays detecting MBP64, a 24 kDa M...
January 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123506/ultrasound-and-differential-diagnosis-of-fetal-abdominal-cysts
#18
Chang-Yu Tu
The present study aimed to investigate the use of ultrasound and differential diagnosis to diagnose a fetal abdominal cyst. A retrospective analysis of 41 cases of fetal abdominal cyst, which included ovarian cysts, choledochal cysts, intestinal duplication and mesenteric cysts, was performed. Imaging characteristics of various types of cysts were summarized, compared and discussed. Among 41 fetal abdominal cyst cases, there were 21 cases of ovarian cysts, 11 cases of bile duct cyst, six cases of intestinal duplication and three cases of mesenteric cyst...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120449/correlation-between-advanced-glycation-end-products-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-bladder-dysfunctions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Alessandro Galì, Giuseppe Mucciardi, Salvatore Butticè, Enrica Subba, Carmela D'Amico, Francesco Lembo, Carlo Magno
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether serum and urinary advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are related to urinary symptoms and bladder dysfunctions in diabetic patients. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were enrolled. LUTS evaluation was performed by IPSS (International Prostatic Symptoms Score), QoL (quality of life), OAB (overactive bladder). ICI-SF (International Consultation on Incontinence - short form) quaestionneires; ultrasound examination, evaluation of postvoid residual (PVR), uroflowmetry, cystometry with pressure-flow study (PFS) were performed to detect bladder dysfunctions...
January 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118171/decreased-urethral-volume-is-comparable-to-funneling-as-a-predictor-of-intrinsic-sphincter-deficiency
#20
Andrea Chua Santiago, Lieschen H Quiroz, S Abbas Shobeiri
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the association between x-ray funneling and ultrasound urethral sphincter complex measurements and to compare the reliability of funneling versus urethral volume measurement in the detection of intrinsic sphincter deficiency (ISD). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis, which included 54 stress incontinent women dichotomized into those with (1) ISD and (2) no ISD. The presence of bladder neck funneling was diagnosed by fluoroscopic images obtained at the time of video-urodynamics testing...
January 24, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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