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Bladder ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#1
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507631/voiding-urosonography-with-second-generation-ultrasound-contrast-agent-for-diagnosis-of-vesicoureteric-reflux-first-local-pilot-study
#2
Dafina Kuzmanovska, Aleksandar Risteski, Margarita Kambovska, Tase Trpcevski, Emilija Sahpazova, Mile Petrovski
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is an important association of paediatric urinary tract infection (UTI) found in 30-50% of all children presenting with first UTI. Contrast-enhanced voiding ultrasonography (ceVUS) has become an important radiation-free method for VUR detection in children. Its sensitivity in detecting VUR has greatly improved due to the development of the contrast-specific ultrasound techniques and the introduction of the second-generation ultrasound contrast agent, superseding the diagnostic accuracy of standard radiological procedures...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503470/falsely-elevated-postvoid-residual-urine-volume-in-uterine-myoma
#3
Tae Hee Kim, Hyo Sang Kim, Jung Wook Park, Oh Kyung Lim, Ki Deok Park, Ju Kang Lee
Precise measurement of postvoid residual (PVR) urine volume is a key factor in assessing patients with voiding dysfunction, including those with lower urinary tract problems. The safe and noninvasive ultrasound bladder scan is the preferred mode to measure PVR volume. However, this procedure has a false-positive rate up to 9%, in the presence of ovarian cysts, renal cysts, ascites, or uterine myoma with cystic degeneration. Until now, cystic lesions are known to cause false positivity in ultrasound bladder scanner...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501826/urothelial-papilloma-a-rare-cause-of-gross-haematuria-in-childhood
#4
Andreia Ribeiro, Maria Pereira, Armando Reis, Graça Ferreira
Bladder urothelial papilloma is extremely rare in the paediatric population. It usually presents as painless gross haematuria and its diagnosis implies a high index of suspicion as other causes of haematuria predominate in this age range. We describe a 9-year-old boy with two episodes of gross haematuria occurring 1 year apart with spontaneous resolution after 2 days. Bladder ultrasound revealed an endovesical papillary lesion of 24×24 mm suggestive of bladder tumour. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination of the specimen obtained by cystoscopy with transurethral resection...
May 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495235/prenatal-detection-of-megacystis-not-always-an-adverse-prognostic-factor-experience-in-25-consecutive-cases-in-a-tertiary-referral-center-with-complete-neonatal-outcome-and-follow-up
#5
Marcella Pellegrino, Daniela Visconti, Vincenzo Davide Catania, Luisa D'Oria, Carlo Manzoni, Maria Giovanna Grella, Alessandro Caruso, Lucia Masini, Giuseppe Noia
INTRODUCTION: Megacystis is a condition of abnormal enlarged fetal bladder for gestational age, which is usually associated with urological malformations that may constitute a life-threatening condition for the baby. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic and etiological criteria of fetal megacystis and to describe the neonatal outcome in a large series collected in a single tertiary center. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study was conducted between 2008 and 2012...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492356/high-frequency-irreversible-electroporation-safety-and-efficacy-of-next-generation-irreversible-electroporation-adjacent-to-critical-hepatic-structures
#6
Imran A Siddiqui, Russell C Kirks, Eduardo L Latouche, Matthew R DeWitt, Jacob H Swet, Erin H Baker, Dionisios Vrochides, David A Iannitti, Rafael V Davalos, Iain H McKillop
Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a nonthermal ablation modality employed to induce in situ tissue-cell death. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a novel high-frequency IRE (H-FIRE) system to perform hepatic ablations across, or adjacent to, critical vascular and biliary structures. Using ultrasound guidance H-FIRE electrodes were placed across, or adjacent to, portal pedicels, hepatic veins, or the gall bladder in a porcine model. H-FIRE pulses were delivered (2250 V, 2-5-2 pulse configuration) in the absence of cardiac synchronization or intraoperative paralytics...
June 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491441/successful-treatment-of-vaginal-malakoplakia-in-a-young-cat
#7
Ryan P Cattin, Michael R Hardcastle, Kenneth W Simpson
CASE SUMMARY: A 3-year-old, female, spayed, domestic shorthair cat presented for dysuria and haematuria, unresponsive to antibiotic treatment. A small, fleshy, erythematous mass protruded from the vaginal vault. Ultrasound identified a vaginal mass effect with mixed echogenicity measuring in excess of 3 cm. Vaginoscopy confirmed an extensive, fleshy, irregular mass that was characterised histologically as pyogranulomatous vaginitis, with periodic acid-Schiff-positive macrophages containing gram-negative bacteria...
July 2016: JFMS Open Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490209/retrospective-analysis-in-46-women-with-vulvovaginal-atrophy-treated-with-ospemifene-for-12-weeks-improvement-in-overactive-bladder-symptoms
#8
Michele Carlo Schiavi, Marzio Angelo Zullo, Pierangelo Faiano, Ottavia D'Oria, Giovanni Prata, Vanessa Colagiovanni, Andrea Giannini, Chiara Di Tucci, Giorgia Perniola, Violante Di Donato, Marco Monti, Ludovico Muzii, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of ospemifene in the improvement of overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in postmenopausal women affected by vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA). METHODS: Forty-six postmenopausal patients affected by VVA with OAB syndrome were enrolled for the study. All patients received Ospemifene 60 mg for 12 weeks. Clinical examination, 3-day voiding diary, urodynamic testing, ultrasound measurement of endometrial and bladder wall thickness (BWT) and the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) were performed at baseline and 12 weeks...
May 11, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489561/3d-power-doppler-in-the-evaluation-of-abnormally-invasive-placenta
#9
REVIEW
Giuseppe Calì, Francesca Foti, Gabriella Minneci
The anomalies in placental insertion and invasion, such as placenta previa and the various forms of abnormally invasive placenta, are today a rising obstetric pathology. Two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography is the gold standard in the diagnosis of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP), but the important feto-maternal impact of this pathology suggests the opportunity to employ all the available diagnostic techniques, such as three-dimensional (3D) power Doppler. This technique allows acquiring multiplanar images on coronal, axial and sagittal planes and with a rotational technique, it permits visualizing the placenta-bladder interface more accurately...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487808/urothelial-carcinoma-in-a-22-year-old-female-with-angelman-syndrome
#10
Jessica Pugh, R Keith Huffaker
A 22-year-old nulligravid white female with Angelman syndrome was noted to have a 4-month history of premenstrual nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. She had an echogenic focus in her bladder noted on ultrasound. She was diagnosed with low grade urothelial carcinoma after cystoscopic evaluation with biopsy and was sent to urology for further treatment. Urothelial carcinoma is rare in individuals younger than age 40. Patients may present with gross hematuria. There is often a delay in diagnosis in younger individuals with different genetic mutations noted upon diagnosis...
2017: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483662/the-management-of-polyps-in-female-reproductive-organs
#11
REVIEW
Vasilios Tanos, Kelsey Elizabeth Berry, Jaana Seikkula, Elissa Abi Raad, Andreas Stavroulis, Zaki Sleiman, Rudi Campo, Stephan Gordts
Polyps of the lower reproductive tract are found in 7.8-50% of women. It has been hypothesized that cytogenetic modifications on chromosomes 6, 7 and 12 as well as epigenetic factors involving enzyme and metabolic activities may cause polyps to develop. Cervical polyps found in 2-5% of cases are of low clinical significance and can cause, although rarely, post coital bleedings. Cervical polyps grow during pregnancy and mucorrhoea. Trans vaginal ultrasound (TVU) provides an excellent diagnostic technique to diagnose the size and the anatomic location of endometrial polyps (EPs)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483506/laparoscopic-repair-of-a-symptomatic-post-cesarean%C3%A2-section-isthmocele-a-video-case-report
#12
Giorgio Aimi, Laura Buggio, Nicola Berlanda, Paolo Vercellini
OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique for laparoscopic management of post-cesarean section isthmocele. DESIGN: Surgical video article. Local Institutional Review Board approval for the video reproduction has been obtained. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 36-year-old patient with a history of two previous cesarean deliveries. She complained of persistent postmenstrual spotting and chronic pelvic pain. At transvaginal ultrasound examination, a cesarean scar defect of 20...
May 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477320/controversies-regarding-management-of-vesico-ureteric-reflux
#13
Ramesh Babu, Sujit Chowdhary
The primary goal in the management of a child with urinary tract infection (UTI) is to prevent recurrence of UTI and acquired renal damage. Approximately 15% of children develop renal scarring after a first episode of febrile UTI. Vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) is diagnosed in 30-40% of children imaged after first febrile UTI. The 'top-down' approach involving ultrasound and dimercaptosuccinic acid scan (DMSA) first after an appropriate interval following UTI, can help in avoiding voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), an invasive test with higher radiation exposure...
May 6, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473429/atraumatic-chylous-ascites-an-unusual-presentation-of-bladder-cancer
#14
Ashish Srinivasan, Ross Apostolov, Amanda Leong, Douglas Johnson
We describe a case of bladder cancer presenting with atraumatic chylous ascites, which remains an extremely rare presentation of this condition. A previously well, elderly ex-smoker with no prior history of abdominal surgery was referred for investigation of progressive dyspnoea, increasing peripheral oedema and new-onset ascites, on a background of long-standing alcohol consumption (four standard drinks daily). Liver biochemistry and coagulation profile were normal apart from marked hypoalbuminaemia. Doppler ultrasound of the liver demonstrated normal echotexture and patent vasculature...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458835/immediate-successful-renal-autotransplantation-after-proximal-ureteral-avulsion-fallowing-ureteroscopy-a-case-report
#15
Mansor Alizadeh, Rohollah Valizadeh, Mohsen Mohammad Rahimi
The patient was a 51-year-old lady with left flank colicky pain accompanied with nausea and vomiting for a month. Transurethral lithotripsy and ureteral stent placement was considered for the patient. The patient had a narrow ureteral lumen and while bringing the ureteroscope out, ureteral avulsion occurred at a distance approximately 4 cm from ureteropelvic junction. After bringing the uretroscope out, the avulsed ureter was observed hanging at the tip of the ureteroscope. Anastomosis of the ureter to the bladder was accomplished with Lich-Gregoir technique...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455092/use-of-3d-transabdominal-ultrasound-imaging-for-treatment-planning-in-cervical-cancer-brachytherapy-comparison-to-magnetic-resonance-and-computed-tomography
#16
Patricia St-Amant, William Foster, Marie-Anne Froment, Sylviane Aubin, Marie-Claude Lavallée, Luc Beaulieu
PURPOSE: To evaluate if the addition of 3D transabdominal ultrasound (3DTAUS) imaging to computed tomography (CT) can improve treatment planning in 3D adaptive brachytherapy when compared with CT-based planning alone, resulting in treatment plans closer to the ones obtained using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based planning. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Five patients with cervical cancer undergoing brachytherapy underwent three imaging modalities: MRI, CT, and CT-3DTAUS...
April 25, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453958/the-novel-technique-of-post-hysterectomy-vaginal-vault-prolapse-repair-apical-sling-and-neocervix-formation
#17
Dmitry Shkarupa, Nikita Kubin, Ekaterina Shapovalova, Anastasiya Zaytseva, Alexey Pisarev, Olga Staroseltseva
OBJECTIVE: We primarily aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the novel technique: bilateral sacrospinous fixation by monofilament polypropylene apical sling combined with "neocervix" formation in surgical treatment of post - hysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse. The secondary objective was to estimate the impact of the surgery on voiding function and quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study involved 61 women suffering from post-hysterectomy prolapse...
April 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443271/refractory-urinary-incontinence-in-girls-the-role-of-the-bladder-neck
#18
Rafal Chrzan
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) in children is between 6 and 9% with urinary incontinence (UI) being one of the most common symptom. VARIOUS ASPECTS OF LOWER URINARY TRACT SYMPTOMS LUTS: Anatomical anomalies of the urinary tract as well as neurogenic underlying pathology can results in LUTS. Comorbidities and long-term consequences of the LUTD for the female patients as well as genetic issues are also briefly discussed. THE ROLE OF THE BLADDER NECK: Thanks to urodynamics, we have learnt a lot about the lower urinary tract function, but the role of the bladder neck in the pathophysiology of LUTS in children is not clear...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439616/-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu-importance-in-the-treatment-of-prostate-cancer
#19
R Ganzer
BACKGROUND: High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been used since the beginning of the 1990s as an alternative treatment for prostate cancer. OBJECTIVE: Overview of the current status and critical review of the different indications for HIFU in the treatment of prostate cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Review of the current literature on the indications, side effects, oncologic results and current guideline recommendations. RESULTS: The principle of HIFU is based on high energy sound waves, which lead to coagulation necrosis at the focal point...
April 24, 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439323/caudal-regression-syndrome-a-case-series-of-a-rare-congenital-anomaly
#20
Yogesh Kumar, Nishant Gupta, Kusum Hooda, Pranav Sharma, Salil Sharma, Puneet Kochar, Daichi Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Caudal regression syndrome is a rare, neural tube defect characterized by an abnormal development of the caudal aspect of the vertebral column and the spinal cord., It results in neurological deficits ranging from bladder and bowel involvement to severe sensory and motor deficits in the lower limbs. Maternal diabetes, genetic factors and some teratogens have been shown to be associated with its pathogenesis. Caudal regression syndrome is usually diagnosed initially by antenatal ultrasound with more definitive diagnosis made by antenatal or postnatal MRI...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
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