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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341418/hand-held-clinical-dual-mode-ultrasound-photoacoustic-imaging-of-rat-urinary-bladder-and-its-applications
#1
Kathyayini Sivasubramanian, Vijitha Periyasamy, Rhonnie Austria Dienzo, Manojit Pramanik
Urinary bladder imaging is critical to diagnose urinary tract disorders, and bladder cancer. There is a great need for safe, non-invasive, and sensitive imaging technique which enables bladder imaging. Photoacoustic imaging is a rapidly growing imaging technique for various biological applications. It can be combined with clinical ultrasound imaging system for hand-held, dual modal ultrasound-photoacoustic real-time imaging. Structural (bladder wall) and functional (accretion of nanoparticles) bladder imaging is shown here with combined ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging in rats...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332252/a-review-of-the-impact-of-pregnancy-and-childbirth-on-pelvic-floor-function-as-assessed-by-objective-measurement-techniques
#2
REVIEW
Hans Van Geelen, Donald Ostergard, Peter Sand
The objective of this narrative review is to study the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement techniques with quantitative data carried out during pregnancy and after childbirth. A literature search in MEDLINE and relevant and up-to-date journals from 1960 until April 2017 was performed for articles dealing with the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement methods. Only studies describing objective measurement techniques...
January 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316583/-foreign-body-ingestion-a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#3
Philipp Kasper, Fabian Kütting, Hans Anton Schlößer, Stefan Paul Mönig, Tobias Goeser, Natalie Jaspers
HISTORY AND FINDINGS UPON ADMISSION:  A 50-year-old man presented at the emergency unit with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant and dysuria. He described an increase in pain during micturition. EXAMINATIONS:  After multiple examinations (CT-scan, MR-scan, ileocolonoscopy) were performed to no avail, a toothpick was detected in the terminal ileum during an ultrasound scan of the small intestine. Prompted elevation of intra-abdominal pressure led to migration of the radiolucent sharp foreign body into the wall of the urinary bladder, inducing pain...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305200/ultrasound-for-intraoperative-confirmation-of-antegrade-ureteral-stent-placement-during-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#4
David B Bayne, Manint Usawachintachit, Thomas Chi
OBJECTIVE: To describe our ultrasound technique for confirming intraoperative, antegrade-placed ureteral stent position during laparoscopic pyeloplasty. BACKGROUND: Disadvantages of retrograde stent placement include the need to reposition the patient into and out of the lithotomy position. Antegrade stent placement can reduce procedure time but requires confirming appropriate distal placement into the bladder with cystoscopy, percutaneous drain placement, or instillation of methylthioninium chloride or indigo carmine...
January 2, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298467/impact-of-preoperative-patient-characteristics-and-flow-rate-on-failure-early-complications-and-voiding-dysfunction-after-a-transobturator-tape-procedure-a-multicentre-study
#5
Andrea Cocci, Giovanni E Cacciamani, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Maria Angela Cerruto, Martina Milanesi, Luis G Medina, Sebastiano Cimino, Walter Artibani, Giuseppe Morgia, Marco Carini, Vincenzo Li Marzi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of preoperative patient characteristics and flow rate on failure, early postoperative complications, and voiding in patients who underwent transvaginal tension-free vaginal tape-obturator (TVT-O) treatment for uncomplicated stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent TVT-O for SUI at 3 Italian centres. The exclusion criteria were predominant voiding and storage symptoms suggestive of detrusor overactivity, the presence of grade >1 urogenital prolapse, previous pelvic radiotherapy or other clinical contraindications for surgical procedures, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, and collagen diseases...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290087/does-mild-hydronephrosis-induced-by-full-bladder-improve-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-lower-calyceal-stones-a-prospective-randomized-study
#6
Ismet Aydin Hazar, Basri Cakiroglu, Orhun Sinanoglu, Feride Sinem Akgün, Ersan Arda, Ilkan Yuksel, Hakan Akdere
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes, sessions and shock wave numbers in patients undergoing standard procedure shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and patients undergoing SWL with mild hydronephrosis induced by full-bladderfollowing oral hydration before SWL procedure for lower calyceal stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2014- January 2016 a total of 371 patients who underwent SWL, for lower pole calyceal stones ? 2 cm, were included into the study. 127 patients were treated in the supine position (Group A), 123 in the prone position (Group B) and 121 in the prone position with full bladder and mild hydronephrosis checked by ultrasound before procedure (Group C)...
December 26, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288123/correlations-between-sonographic-and-urodynamic-findings-after-mid-urethral-sling-surgery
#7
Lieming Wen, Ka Lai Shek, Subramaniam Nishamini, Friedman Talia, Hans Peter Dietz
PURPOSE: To study correlations between sonographic and urodynamic findings after suburethral sling surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on 141 women who had multichannel urodynamic testing and translabial 4D ultrasound after suburethral sling surgery between 2006 and 2016. The sling-pubis gap, i.e., the distance between sling and infero-posterior margin of the pubic symphysis on Valsalva, and urethral motion profile were determined. The urethral motion profile was assessed by calculating the mobility vectors of 6 equidistant points along the length of urethra from bladder neck to external urethral meatus, against the dorsocaudal margin of the symphysis pubis on Valsalva...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273378/safety-and-efficacy-of-preoperative-abdominal-aortic-balloon-occlusion-in-placenta-increta-and-or-percreta
#8
Wenjuan Sun, Shuhong Duan, Gang Xin, Juan Xiao, Fanzhen Hong, Haijie Hong, Yuange Wu, Yongping Xu
BACKGROUND: With the increase of cesarean deliveries globally, the incidence of placenta adhesive disorder has been on the rise greatly which is associated closely with maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. We sought to investigate the safety and efficacy of preoperative transfemoral balloon occlusion of abdominal aorta in cesarean section of women with placenta increta or percreta. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 31 patients with placenta increta or percreta diagnosed by ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246146/combined-bladder-neck-preservation-and-posterior-musculofascial-reconstruction-during-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-effects-on-early-and-long-term-urinary-continence-recovery
#9
Riccardo Bartoletti, Andrea Mogorovich, Francesco Francesca, Giorgio Pomara, Cesare Selli
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of combined bladder neck preservation and posterior reconstruction techniques on early and long term urinary continence in patients treated by robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: Two-hundred ninety-two patients who previously underwent radical prostatectomy were retrospectively selected for a case-control study, excluding those with anastomotic strictures and significant perioperative complications and re-called for a medical follow-up visit after their consent to participate the study...
December 15, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245113/the-temporal-relationship-between-activity-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-and-motion-of-selected-urogenital-landmarks-in-healthy-nulliparous-women
#10
Stéphanie Thibault-Gagnon, Cindy Auchincloss, Ryan Graham, Linda McLean
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between pelvic floor muscle (PFM) electromyographic (EMG) activation and urogenital landmark motion measured using 2D transperineal ultrasound (US) imaging. METHODS: Eight healthy, nulliparous women performed maximum voluntary PFM contractions while EMG and transperineal US images were acquired simultaneously. Changes in the levator plate length (LPL), bladder neck (BN) position and urethral position were determined by visual inspection...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241311/a-larger-detrusor-wall-thickness-increases-the-risk-of-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-recurrence-and-progression-result-from-a-multicenter-observational-study
#11
Antonio Cicione, Stefano Manno, Giuseppe Ucciero, Francesco Cantiello, Rocco Damiano, Estevao Lima, Alessandro Posti, Filippo Balloni, Cosimo DE Nunzio
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental study showed a higher incidence of bladder cancer in presence of bladder detrusor muscle thickening. The aim of this study is to assess whether a higher detrusor muscle thickness (DWT) may be a risk factor of recurrence of non-muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer (NMIBC). METHODS: Men with histologically-confirmed diagnosis of NMIBC were prospectively enrolled in 4 centers between December 2015 and April 2017. DWT was measured by ultrasound and DWT>2...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235670/presumptive-migrating-gall-bladder-mucocoele-in-two-dogs-with-gall-bladder-rupture
#12
R K Burchell, L Thornton, C K Lim, M Murakami, Y Nakamura, A Gal
A 10-year-old neutered female soft-coated wheaten terrier and a 10-year-old, entire female Pomeranian were presented for vomiting and anorexia. Using ultrasound, an oval structure with a stellate, kiwifruit-like appearance typical of a gall bladder mucocoele was observed in the caudal abdomen of the soft-coated wheaten terrier and adjacent to the liver in the Pomeranian. There was also a moderate volume of abdominal effusion in both dogs. Cytology of the peritoneal fluid indicated a sterile exudative process but varied between the two dogs, with an absence of bile pigment in the soft-coated wheaten terrier and marked bile peritonitis in the Pomeranian...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231253/internal-venous-anomalies-in-patients-with-a-genital-venous-malformation
#13
Caitlin M Peterman, Patricia S Todd, Anna P Lillis, Steven J Fishman, Marilyn G Liang
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous venous malformation (VM) can be associated with internal vascular anomalies. Our objective was to investigate the frequency of internal vascular anomalies in patients with an isolated genital venous malformation to assess the utility of screening for internal findings. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our Vascular Anomalies Center database for patients with a focal genital venous malformation presenting between 1999 and 2016. Abdominal and pelvic imaging reports were reviewed for internal vascular anomalies...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229221/intravesical-electromotive-botulinum-toxin-type-a-administration-for-management-of-urinary-incontinence-secondary-to-neuropathic-detrusor-overactivity-in-children-long-term-follow-up
#14
Seyedeh-Sanam Ladi-Seyedian, Lida Sharifi-Rad, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term efficacy and success rate of intravesical electromotive botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) "Dysport®" administration in myelomeningocele (MMC) patients who had urinary incontinence due to neuropathic detrusor overactivity (NDO). METHODS: Twenty four MMC patients (mean age: 9± 3.6 years, range: 3-16) were included in the study and followed up for six years. Using an electrode bladder catheter, 10 IU/kg of Dysport® (BoNTA) was inserted into the bladder for electromotive drug administration (EMDA) without anesthesia on outpatient basis...
December 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225720/new-frontiers-in-molecular-and-imaging-research-on-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-women
#15
Laura Martinez, Rose Khavari
Purpose: Diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) often presents a challenge in female patients. Traditional diagnostic elements such as symptom history and urodynamic data are rarely clear cut in women. Therefore, we sought to review the current literature on diagnosis of female BOO, focusing on new frontiers in the realm of molecular markers and imaging modalities. Recent Findings: In addition to fluoroscopy in the setting of videourodynamics, ultrasound and MRI can augment the diagnosis and aid in therapeutic planning in certain etiologies of female BOO...
December 2017: Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209599/static-and-dynamic-ultrasound-imaging-to-visualize-the-bladder-bladder-neck-urethra-and-pelvic-floor-in-children-with-daytime-incontinence
#16
Rogier Schroeder, Keetje de Mooij, Luitzen Groen, Pieter Dik, Caroline Kuijper, Aart Klijn, Tom de Jong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205689/ultrasound-findings-and-associated-factors-to-morbidity-in-schistosoma-haematobium-infection-in-a-highly-endemic-setting
#17
Cristina Bocanegra García, Zeferino Pintar, Xavier Serres, Jacobo Mendioroz, Milagros Moreno, Sara Gallego, Teresa López, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Maria Luisa Aznar, Nicolau Sikaleta, Eva Gil, Fernando Salvador, Israel Molina
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of the WHO classification of ultrasound pathological changes and to establish risk factors for morbidity in a highly endemic setting. METHODS: 157 ultrasounds were performed on school-aged children previously diagnosed with urinary schistosomiasis in Cubal, Angola. The findings were analysed according to WHO guidelines. Factors for morbidity were studied. RESULTS: Mean age of the children was 8.7 (SD 3...
December 4, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203988/correlation-of-transabdominal-ultrasonography-and-cystoscopy-in-follow-up-of-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#18
Ahluwalia Puneet, Nair Balagopal, Kumar Ginil, Mathew Georgie, K V Sanjeevan, Thomas Appu
Cystoscopy (CS) is considered to be the gold standard in the follow-up of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. However, CS is invasive, time-consuming, and expensive. On the other hand, modern sensitive transducers have improved the imaging of urinary tract rendering transabdominal ultrasonography (US) more effective in visualizing intraluminal filling defects in the bladder than it was in the past. Twenty-five follow-up patients of low-risk bladder cancer meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in study...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201517/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-vesicouterine-fistula-repair-experience-from-a-tertiary-referral-centre
#19
Bimalesh Purkait, Seema Mehrotra, Rahul Janak Sinha, Ved Bhaskar, Vishwajeet Singh
Objective: Vesicouterine fistula (VUF) is an uncommon cause of female genito-urinary fistula. Most of these fistulas are due to lower segment uterine cesarean section (LSCS). Traditionally, open surgical repair has been the traditional treatment. However, laparoscopic repair of VUF is a minimally invasive technique and few case reports have been published with short term follow up. In the present study, we are presenting our long- term outcome of laparoscopic repair of VUF. Material and methods: A retrospective analysis of 8 patients with VUF was performed from 2010 to 2015...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201513/comparison-of-the-outcomes-of-complete-supine-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-patients-with-radiopaque-and-radiolucent-kidney-stones
#20
Siavash Falahatkar, Gholamreza Mokhtari, Atiyeh Amin, Ehsan Kazemnezhad, Samaneh Esmaeili, Nadia Rastjou Herfeh, Reza Falahatkar
Objective: This study compared the stone opacity effect in patients who had radiopaque and radiolucent stones in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) results. Material and methods: The medical records of 171 complete supine PCNL procedures were gathered. Patients were categorized into two groups: those with radiopaque (n=141) and those with radiolucent (n=30) stones. Kidney, ureter and bladder x-ray was done a day after PCNL and Ultrasound imaging was done two weeks later to evaluate the stone free rate...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
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