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Jake Coffey, Anna Huff-Davis, Christie Lindsey, Onie Norman, Henryetter Curtis, Calvin Criner, M Kathryn Stewart
BACKGROUND: Although community-engaged research (CEnR) is increasingly promoted in the literature, academic programs often fail to prepare researchers for the critical, ethical, and power issues involved in CEnR. This article documents a community-created and led workshop for CEnR researchers. OBJECTIVES: The workshop's main objective is to increase researchers' knowledge and felt experience of the "dos and don'ts" of CEnR in three research domains: entering the community, accommodating the realities and constraints of community-based organizations, and dissemination...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Montri D Wongworawat, Gary Capistrant, John M Stephenson
Telehealth is a way to provide health-care services to a patient from a provider who is at another location. The most common methods include a live interactive visit with the patient, interpretation of imaging, and monitoring of patient progress. Principally, telehealth is a way of providing a service rather than a type of service. It is about patient care, not data care.Examples of orthopaedic applications include conducting patient examinations, interpreting imaging studies, and providing postoperative care...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Kari M Harris, Travis D Marsico
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Small herbaria represent a significant portion of herbaria in the United States, but many are not digitizing their collections. METHODS: At the Arkansas State University Herbarium (STAR), we have created a viable workflow to help small herbaria begin the digitization process, including suggestions for publishing data on the Internet. We calculated hourly rates of each phase of the digitization process. We also mapped accessions at the county level to determine geographic strengths in the collection...
April 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
Andrea N Veljkovic, Mathew D Sewell, Simon C Mears, Eric W Edmonds
The Austrian-Swiss-German (ASG) Traveling Fellowship, which began in 1979, is an annual exchange of surgeons between the German-speaking countries of Austria, Switzerland, and Germany and the English-speaking countries of the United States, England, and Canada. In 2016, 4 fellows were chosen to participate in the fellowship, including Eric Edmonds from the University of California, San Diego; Simon Mears from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; Mathew Sewell from the James Cook University in Middlesbrough, England; and Andrea Veljkovic from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Leena B Mithal
Investigators from the University of Maryland, University of Colorado, and Arkansas Children's Hospital studied the epidemiology, management and resource utilization of children admitted to hospitals in the United States with encephalitis.
October 2016: Pediatric Neurology Briefs
W Wood, J Gore, A Catchot, D Cook, D Dodds, L J Krutz
The tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois), is a major pest of cotton in the midsouthern United States, including the states of Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, western Tennessee, and southeastern Missouri. Insecticides provide the primary form of control for this pest, and numerous applications are required annually to control the tarnished plant bug. Little information exists regarding when to terminate insecticide applications targeting tarnished plant bugs in cotton. Numerous sprays are made late in the season to protect a small percentage of the overall yield...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
E Robert Burns
Skin cancer, especially malignant melanoma, continues on the increase. Different interventions are attempting to impact on this problem. The approach used by the Partners in Health Sciences program at the University of Arkansas for Medical Science is to both "train" and, importantly, "equip" classroom teachers and school nurses in a "Healthy Skin" professional development curriculum. Each participant not only received face-to-face interactive content training in a workshop setting that lasted 6 h; each also received a resource kit of supplies, materials, and equipment used in the workshop and designed for the trainee to use with students in a classroom/school setting...
March 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Elizabeth E Uhlenhake, Bruce R Smoller, Hillary R Elwood, Sara C Shalin, Jerad M Gardner
BACKGROUND: Although much data have been documented on the characteristics of medical school applicants for dermatology and pathology residency programs in the United States and select medical and surgical fellowship applicants through the National Residency Matching Program, little is known about the dermatopathology applicant demographics. METHODS: We examined a 5-year pool of dermatopathology fellowship applicants from a single institution (University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences) and compiled background profile data of the applicants to characterize an 'average dermatopathology fellow' applicant...
May 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Maryam Bashiri, L John Greenfield, Alison Oliveto
BACKGROUND: Teleneurology in Arkansas has been used primarily for management of acute stroke with a state-funded hub-and-spoke model allowing physicians at rural hospitals to access vascular neurologists in time to facilitate tissue plasminogen activator administration. Routine neurologic care has been provided only in small pilot studies. We wished to determine patient interest in participating in teleneurology for routine follow-up visits as well as demographic and medical factors associated with interest...
June 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Michael Joseph Skvarla, Amber Tripodi, Allen Szalanski, Ashley Dowling
BACKGROUND: Orussus minutus is an uncommonly collected parasitoid sawfly known from the eastern United States. NEW INFORMATION: We report specimens Orussus minutus Middlekauff, 1983, from Arkansas, Iowa, Minnesota, and Manitoba, which represent new state and province records and significantly expand the known range of the species west from previous records; provide collection information for unpublished specimens housed in the United States National Museum collection, which includes new state records for West Virginia and Michigan; and report two specimens housed in the Biological Museum at Lund University that represent new state records for Connecticut...
2015: Biodiversity Data Journal
Sarah J Rhoads, Erin Bush, Dirk Haselow, Keyur S Vyas, J Gary Wheeler, Alan Faulkner, Curtis Lowery
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers require the latest information and procedures when a public health emergency arises. During the fall of 2014, when the Ebola virus was first identified in a patient in the United States, education about Ebola virus disease (EVD) and procedures for its identification and control needed widespread and immediate dissemination to healthcare providers. In addition, there was a need to allay fears and reassure the public and providers that a process was in place to manage Ebola should it arrive in Arkansas...
September 14, 2015: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Sandra P Prieto, Amy J Powless, Keith Lai, Jonathan A Laryea, Jason S Mizell, Timothy J Muldoon
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, affecting more than 130,000 Americans every year(1). Determining tumor margins prior to surgical resection is essential to providing optimal treatment and reducing recurrence rates. Colorectal cancer recurrence can occur in up to 20% of cases, commonly within three years after curative treatment. Typically, when colorectal cancers are resected, a margin of normal tissue on both sides of the tumor is required. The minimum margin required for colon cancer is 5 cm and for the lower rectum 2 cm...
April 9, 2015: Proceedings of SPIE
Kathryn A Seely, Amy L Patton, Cindy L Moran, Mary L Womack, Paul L Prather, William E Fantegrossi, Anna Radominska-Pandya, Gregory W Endres, Kermit B Channell, Nathaniel H Smith, Keith R McCain, Laura P James, Jeffery H Moran
New designer drugs such as K2, Spice, and "bath salts" present a formidable challenge for law enforcement and public health officials. The following report summarizes a three-year study of 1320 law enforcement cases involving over 3000 products described as vegetable material, powders, capsules, tablets, blotter paper, or drug paraphernalia. All items were seized in Arkansas from January 2010 through December 2012 and submitted to the Arkansas State Crime Laboratory for analysis. The geographical distribution of these seizures co-localized in areas with higher population, colleges, and universities...
December 10, 2013: Forensic Science International
Irwin A Goldzweig, David G Schlundt, Wayne E Moore, Patricia E Smith, Roger J Zoorob, Robert S Levine
An academic, business, and community alliance comprising 285 organizations, including 43 national groups represented on a Blue Ribbon Panel organized by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation, targeted Arkansas, Florida, Mississippi, Minnesota, Tennessee, and Wisconsin for high involvement/intervention consisting of community organization and other political action to support passage of primary seat belt laws. State-level alliance activities began in January 2003. All six states enacted a primary seat belt law between 2004 and 2009...
August 2013: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Wilbur C Hitt, Gordon Low, Tommy Mac Bird, Rachel Ott
BACKGROUND: The Arkansas Medicaid program for low-income women provides cervical cancer screening, in the form of Pap smears, and treatment but no diagnostic means of bridging the two, such as a procedure called "colposcopy." Telemedicine offers a viable means to bridging this gap. Previously telecolposcopy has been used in small demonstration projects as a means to deliver colposcopy services to at-risk rural populations at a comparable quality to in-person colposcopy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences' Antenatal & Neonatal Guidelines, Education and Learning System Program and Center for Distance Health developed an innovative collaborative telemedicine pilot program with the Arkansas Department of Health that used both specialty physician oversight and nurse examiners...
May 2013: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Corey Hayes, Lisa C Hutchison
OBJECTIVE: To describe the creation of a student-led Medicare Part D Planning Clinic and to present satisfaction survey data evaluating the clinic. DESIGN: Prospective pre- and post-assessment satisfaction surveys. SETTING: University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Institute on Aging. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Medicare beneficiaries in 2011 in Arkansas. INTERVENTIONS: The Medicare Part D Planning Clinic aids seniors in making a well-informed decision on which Medicare Part D plan is best for them...
April 2013: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Radhakrishnan Nagarajan, Alex T Kalinka, William R Hogan
Recent studies have clearly demonstrated a shift towards collaborative research and team science approaches across a spectrum of disciplines. Such collaborative efforts have also been acknowledged and nurtured by popular extramurally funded programs including the Clinical Translational Science Award (CTSA) conferred by the National Institutes of Health. Since its inception, the number of CTSA awardees has steadily increased to 60 institutes across 30 states. One of the objectives of CTSA is to accelerate translation of research from bench to bedside to community and train a new genre of researchers under the translational research umbrella...
February 2013: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Elizabeth Ann Coleman, Julia A Goodwin, Robert Kennedy, Sharon K Coon, Kathy Richards, Carol Enderlin, Carol B Stewart, Paula McNatt, Kim Lockhart, Elias J Anaissie
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To compare usual care with a home-based individualized exercise program (HBIEP) in patients receiving intensive treatment for multiple myeloma (MM)and epoetin alfa therapy. DESIGN: Randomized trial with repeated measures of two groups (one experimental and one control) and an approximate 15-week experimental period. SETTING: Outpatient setting of the Myeloma Institute for Research and Therapy at the Rockfellow Cancer Center at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences...
September 2012: Oncology Nursing Forum
Roja Haritha Gangupomu, Ketwalee Kositkanawuth, Melanie L Sattler, David Ramirez, Brian H Dennis, Frederick M MacDonnell, Richard Billo, John W Priest
UNLABELLED: To increase U.S. petroleum energy-independence, the University of Texas at Arlington (UT Arlington) has developed a coal liquefaction process that uses a hydrogenated solvent and a proprietary catalyst to convert lignite coal to crude oil. This paper reports on part of the environmental evaluation of the liquefaction process: the evaluation of the solid residual from liquefying the coal, called inertinite, as a potential adsorbent for air and water purification. Inertinite samples derived from Arkansas and Texas lignite coals were used as test samples...
May 2012: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Vanessa Northington Gamble
In 1948, over 30 percent of the approved medical schools in the United States excluded black students. However, on September 10, 1948, the University of Arkansas School of Medicine became the first Southern medical school to desegregate when Edith Mae Irby matriculated. Her admission occurred without incident. There were no jeering white mobs, no court action, and no federal troops. Irby's admission had its roots in a successful legal campaign launched by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to eradicate racial inequalities in professional and graduate education...
July 2013: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
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