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Dinesh Atwal, Ahmed Mazin Safar, Rang Govindarajan, Issam Makhoul
Introduction Cetuximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody, is a commonly used anticancer drug that prevents binding of epidermal growth factor to epidermal growth factor receptor. It has been widely used in a variety of cancers since its initial approval by the FDA in 2004. Despite its efficacy, it has met with some genuine concerns especially regarding the anaphylactoid reactions occurring after first infusions. Cetuximab-related first infusion reaction has been found to be much more prevalent in the Southeastern United States with several studies from the southern United States supporting it...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Diana Escalona-Vargas, Jessica L Coker, Shona Ray-Griffith, Eric R Siegel, Curtis L Lowery, Zachary N Stowe, Hari Eswaran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In-utero exposure to opioids including buprenorphine (BUP) has been shown to affect fetal activity, specifically heart-rate variability (FHRV) and fetal movement (FM). Our objective was to extract simultaneous recordings of fetal cardiac, and brain-related activity in BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women using a novel non-invasive biomagnetic technique. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted, recording and analyzing biomagnetic data from fetuses of BUP-maintained and non-opioid exposed pregnant women...
May 20, 2018: Addiction
Tiffany West Brandt, Teresa Lind, Alayna Schreier, Chad M Sievers, Teresa L Kramer
Commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is a social problem in the United States that has recently received growing attention from policy makers, advocates, and researchers. Despite increasing awareness of this issue, information on the prevalence, demographic profile, and psychosocial needs of victims of CSEC is scarce. To better understand the scope of CSEC and to examine the feasibility of screening for CSEC in Child Advocacy Centers (CACs), a pilot study was initiated through Arkansas Building Effective Services for Trauma (ARBEST) to identify youth who may be at risk for commercial sexual exploitation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Claire S Tucker, Melissa G Efurd, Robert L Kennedy
PURPOSE: Competency-based education is employed to ensure students are prepared to perform tasks required by entry-level practitioners. The American Dental Education Association's curriculum for dental hygiene programs states that students should learn skills consistently performed by dental hygienists to the level of competence. The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of a competency- based dental hygiene clinical program at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Lauren F FitzHarris, Christopher H Johnson, Steven R Nesheim, Nadia L Oussayef, Allan W Taylor, Ayanna Harrison, Nan Ruffo, Kim Burley, Lawrence House, Emilia H Koumans
OBJECTIVE: To analyze prenatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing rates over time and describe the impact of state HIV testing laws on prenatal testing. METHODS: During 2004-2011, self-reported prenatal HIV testing data for women with live births in 35 states and New York City were collected. Prevalence of testing was estimated overall and by state and year. An annual percent change was calculated in states with at least six years of data to analyze testing changes over time...
February 26, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Jake Coffey, Anna Huff-Davis, Christie Lindsey, Onie Norman, Henryetter Curtis, Calvin Criner, M Kathryn Stewart
BACKGROUND: Although community-engaged research (CEnR) is increasingly promoted in the literature, academic programs often fail to prepare researchers for the critical, ethical, and power issues involved in CEnR. This article documents a community-created and led workshop for CEnR researchers. OBJECTIVES: The workshop's main objective is to increase researchers' knowledge and felt experience of the "dos and don'ts" of CEnR in three research domains: entering the community, accommodating the realities and constraints of community-based organizations, and dissemination...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Montri D Wongworawat, Gary Capistrant, John M Stephenson
Telehealth is a way to provide health-care services to a patient from a provider who is at another location. The most common methods include a live interactive visit with the patient, interpretation of imaging, and monitoring of patient progress. Principally, telehealth is a way of providing a service rather than a type of service. It is about patient care, not data care.Examples of orthopaedic applications include conducting patient examinations, interpreting imaging studies, and providing postoperative care...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Kari M Harris, Travis D Marsico
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Small herbaria represent a significant portion of herbaria in the United States, but many are not digitizing their collections. METHODS: At the Arkansas State University Herbarium (STAR), we have created a viable workflow to help small herbaria begin the digitization process, including suggestions for publishing data on the Internet. We calculated hourly rates of each phase of the digitization process. We also mapped accessions at the county level to determine geographic strengths in the collection...
April 2017: Applications in Plant Sciences
Andrea N Veljkovic, Mathew D Sewell, Simon C Mears, Eric W Edmonds
The Austrian-Swiss-German (ASG) Traveling Fellowship, which began in 1979, is an annual exchange of surgeons between the German-speaking countries of Austria, Switzerland, and Germany and the English-speaking countries of the United States, England, and Canada. In 2016, 4 fellows were chosen to participate in the fellowship, including Eric Edmonds from the University of California, San Diego; Simon Mears from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; Mathew Sewell from the James Cook University in Middlesbrough, England; and Andrea Veljkovic from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Leena B Mithal
Investigators from the University of Maryland, University of Colorado, and Arkansas Children's Hospital studied the epidemiology, management and resource utilization of children admitted to hospitals in the United States with encephalitis.
October 2016: Pediatric Neurology Briefs
W Wood, J Gore, A Catchot, D Cook, D Dodds, L J Krutz
The tarnished plant bug, Lygus lineolaris (Palisot de Beauvois), is a major pest of cotton in the midsouthern United States, including the states of Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, western Tennessee, and southeastern Missouri. Insecticides provide the primary form of control for this pest, and numerous applications are required annually to control the tarnished plant bug. Little information exists regarding when to terminate insecticide applications targeting tarnished plant bugs in cotton. Numerous sprays are made late in the season to protect a small percentage of the overall yield...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
E Robert Burns
Skin cancer, especially malignant melanoma, continues on the increase. Different interventions are attempting to impact on this problem. The approach used by the Partners in Health Sciences program at the University of Arkansas for Medical Science is to both "train" and, importantly, "equip" classroom teachers and school nurses in a "Healthy Skin" professional development curriculum. Each participant not only received face-to-face interactive content training in a workshop setting that lasted 6 h; each also received a resource kit of supplies, materials, and equipment used in the workshop and designed for the trainee to use with students in a classroom/school setting...
March 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Elizabeth E Uhlenhake, Bruce R Smoller, Hillary R Elwood, Sara C Shalin, Jerad M Gardner
BACKGROUND: Although much data have been documented on the characteristics of medical school applicants for dermatology and pathology residency programs in the United States and select medical and surgical fellowship applicants through the National Residency Matching Program, little is known about the dermatopathology applicant demographics. METHODS: We examined a 5-year pool of dermatopathology fellowship applicants from a single institution (University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences) and compiled background profile data of the applicants to characterize an 'average dermatopathology fellow' applicant...
May 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Maryam Bashiri, L John Greenfield, Alison Oliveto
BACKGROUND: Teleneurology in Arkansas has been used primarily for management of acute stroke with a state-funded hub-and-spoke model allowing physicians at rural hospitals to access vascular neurologists in time to facilitate tissue plasminogen activator administration. Routine neurologic care has been provided only in small pilot studies. We wished to determine patient interest in participating in teleneurology for routine follow-up visits as well as demographic and medical factors associated with interest...
June 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Michael Joseph Skvarla, Amber Tripodi, Allen Szalanski, Ashley Dowling
BACKGROUND: Orussus minutus is an uncommonly collected parasitoid sawfly known from the eastern United States. NEW INFORMATION: We report specimens Orussus minutus Middlekauff, 1983, from Arkansas, Iowa, Minnesota, and Manitoba, which represent new state and province records and significantly expand the known range of the species west from previous records; provide collection information for unpublished specimens housed in the United States National Museum collection, which includes new state records for West Virginia and Michigan; and report two specimens housed in the Biological Museum at Lund University that represent new state records for Connecticut...
2015: Biodiversity Data Journal
Sarah J Rhoads, Erin Bush, Dirk Haselow, Keyur S Vyas, J Gary Wheeler, Alan Faulkner, Curtis Lowery
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers require the latest information and procedures when a public health emergency arises. During the fall of 2014, when the Ebola virus was first identified in a patient in the United States, education about Ebola virus disease (EVD) and procedures for its identification and control needed widespread and immediate dissemination to healthcare providers. In addition, there was a need to allay fears and reassure the public and providers that a process was in place to manage Ebola should it arrive in Arkansas...
September 14, 2015: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Sandra P Prieto, Amy J Powless, Keith Lai, Jonathan A Laryea, Jason S Mizell, Timothy J Muldoon
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States, affecting more than 130,000 Americans every year(1). Determining tumor margins prior to surgical resection is essential to providing optimal treatment and reducing recurrence rates. Colorectal cancer recurrence can occur in up to 20% of cases, commonly within three years after curative treatment. Typically, when colorectal cancers are resected, a margin of normal tissue on both sides of the tumor is required. The minimum margin required for colon cancer is 5 cm and for the lower rectum 2 cm...
April 9, 2015: Proceedings of SPIE
Kathryn A Seely, Amy L Patton, Cindy L Moran, Mary L Womack, Paul L Prather, William E Fantegrossi, Anna Radominska-Pandya, Gregory W Endres, Kermit B Channell, Nathaniel H Smith, Keith R McCain, Laura P James, Jeffery H Moran
New designer drugs such as K2, Spice, and "bath salts" present a formidable challenge for law enforcement and public health officials. The following report summarizes a three-year study of 1320 law enforcement cases involving over 3000 products described as vegetable material, powders, capsules, tablets, blotter paper, or drug paraphernalia. All items were seized in Arkansas from January 2010 through December 2012 and submitted to the Arkansas State Crime Laboratory for analysis. The geographical distribution of these seizures co-localized in areas with higher population, colleges, and universities...
December 10, 2013: Forensic Science International
Irwin A Goldzweig, David G Schlundt, Wayne E Moore, Patricia E Smith, Roger J Zoorob, Robert S Levine
An academic, business, and community alliance comprising 285 organizations, including 43 national groups represented on a Blue Ribbon Panel organized by the U.S. Secretary of Transportation, targeted Arkansas, Florida, Mississippi, Minnesota, Tennessee, and Wisconsin for high involvement/intervention consisting of community organization and other political action to support passage of primary seat belt laws. State-level alliance activities began in January 2003. All six states enacted a primary seat belt law between 2004 and 2009...
August 2013: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Wilbur C Hitt, Gordon Low, Tommy Mac Bird, Rachel Ott
BACKGROUND: The Arkansas Medicaid program for low-income women provides cervical cancer screening, in the form of Pap smears, and treatment but no diagnostic means of bridging the two, such as a procedure called "colposcopy." Telemedicine offers a viable means to bridging this gap. Previously telecolposcopy has been used in small demonstration projects as a means to deliver colposcopy services to at-risk rural populations at a comparable quality to in-person colposcopy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences' Antenatal & Neonatal Guidelines, Education and Learning System Program and Center for Distance Health developed an innovative collaborative telemedicine pilot program with the Arkansas Department of Health that used both specialty physician oversight and nurse examiners...
May 2013: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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