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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107599/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-on-daily-and-social-life-a-nationwide-study-in-a-japanese-population
#1
S Inoue, T Taguchi, T Yamashita, M Nakamura, T Ushida
BACKGROUND: This study marks the first epidemiological evaluation of the prevalence and burden of chronic neuropathic pain (NeP) in an Asian population. The objective of this nationwide cross-sectional study was to identify the characteristics of individuals with NeP, detect the NeP features that affect their quality of life (QOL), and demonstrate the negative effects of NeP on social and daily living as well as comorbidities including depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. METHODS: We mailed a cross-sectional, population-based epidemiological survey to a random nationwide sample of 10,000 Japanese adults over 20 years old...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107402/risk-factors-for-postoperative-pain-intensity-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-disc-surgery-a-systematic-review
#2
Marie Dorow, Margrit Löbner, Janine Stein, Alexander Konnopka, Hans J Meisel, Lutz Günther, Jürgen Meixensberger, Katarina Stengler, Hans-Helmut König, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
OBJECTIVES: Pain relief has been shown to be the most frequently reported goal by patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery. There is a lack of systematic research investigating the course of postsurgical pain intensity and factors associated with postsurgical pain. This systematic review focuses on pain, the most prevalent symptom of a herniated disc as the primary outcome parameter. The aims of this review were (1) to examine how pain intensity changes over time in patients undergoing surgery for a lumbar herniated disc and (2) to identify socio-demographic, medical, occupational and psychological factors associated with pain intensity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105496/cirse-guidelines-on-percutaneous-vertebral-augmentation
#3
Georgia Tsoumakidou, Chow Wei Too, Guillaume Koch, Jean Caudrelier, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Julien Garnon, Afshin Gangi
Vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is an important cause of severe debilitating back pain, adversely affecting quality of life, physical function, psychosocial performance, mental health and survival. Different vertebral augmentation procedures (VAPs) are used in order to consolidate the VCFs, relief pain,and whenever posible achieve vertebral body height restoration. In the present review we give the indications, contraindications, safety profile and outcomes of the existing percutaneous VAPs.
January 19, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104988/health-related-quality-of-life-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-patients-with-noncardiac-chest-pain-emphasis-on-the-role-of-psychological-distress
#4
Lei Zhang, Lei Tu, Jie Chen, Jun Song, Tao Bai, Xue-Lian Xiang, Rui-Yun Wang, Xiao-Hua Hou
AIM: To investigate the effects of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life (QoL) in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients and those suffering from cardiac (CCP) and noncardiac (NCCP) chest pain in Wuhan, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 358 consecutive patients with GERD were enrolled in Wuhan, China, of which 176 subjects had complaints of chest pain. Those with chest pain underwent coronary angiography and were divided into a CCP group (52 cases) and NCCP group (124 cases)...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104055/mental-health-nurses-experiences-of-caring-for-suicidal-patients-in-psychiatric-wards-an-emotional-endeavor
#5
Julia Hagen, Birthe Loa Knizek, Heidi Hjelmeland
The purpose of the study is to investigate mental health nurses' experiences of recognizing and responding to suicidal behavior/self-harm and dealing with the emotional challenges in the care of potentially suicidal inpatients. Interview data of eight mental health nurses were analyzed by systematic text condensation. The participants reported alertness to patients' suicidal cues, relieving psychological pain and inspiring hope. Various emotions are evoked by suicidal behavior. Mental health nurses seem to regulate their emotions and emotional expressions, and balance involvement and distance to provide good care of patients and themselves...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103898/the-burden-of-amyloid-light-chain-amyloidosis-on-health-related-quality-of-life
#6
Martha Bayliss, Kristen L McCausland, Spencer D Guthrie, Michelle K White
BACKGROUND: Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a rare disease characterized by misfolded amyloid protein deposits in tissues and vital organs, and little is known about the burden of AL amyloidosis on health-related quality of life. This study aimed to quantify the burden of AL amyloidosis in terms of health-related quality of life in a diverse, community-based sample of AL amyloidosis patients. RESULTS: The SF-36v2® Health Survey (SF-36v2), a widely used generic measure of health-related quality of life (using physical and mental summary scales and subscales assessing eight aspects of functioning and well-being), was administered as an online survey of AL amyloidosis patients with AL amyloidosis (ClinicalTrials...
January 19, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103165/burn-wound-healing-present-concepts-treatment-strategies-and-future-directions
#7
A Oryan, E Alemzadeh, A Moshiri
Burns are the most extensive forms of soft tissue injuries occasionally resulting in extensive and deep wounds and death. Burns can lead to severe mental and emotional distress, because of excessive scarring and skin contractures. Treatment of burns has always been a difficult medical problem and many different methods have been used to treat such injuries, locally. Biofilms are a collection of microorganisms that delay wound healing. One of the new methods of prevention and treatment of burn wound infections is application of antimicrobials, which act on biofilms and prevent the wound infection...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101560/effectiveness-of-two-vocational-rehabilitation-programmes-in-women-with-long-term-sick-leave-due-to-pain-syndrome-or-mental-illness-1-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Per Lytsy, Lars Carlsson, Ingrid Anderzén
OBJECTIVE: Mental illness and chronic pain are common reasons for long-term sick leave, typically more so for women. This study investigated the effects on return to work of 2 vocational rehabilitation programmes. METHODS: In this randomized controlled study, 308 women were allocated to treatment with acceptance and commitment therapy, to multidisciplinary assessment and individualized rehabilitation interventions, or to a control group. Return-to-work at 12 months was assessed as: (i) returning to health insurance; (ii) number of reimbursed health insurance days during follow-up; (iii) self-reported change in working hours; (iv) a composite measure of self-reported change in work-related engagement...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100560/prevalence-impact-and-cost-of-multimorbidity-in-a-cohort-of-people-with-chronic-pain-in-ireland-a-study-protocol
#9
Brian W Slattery, Laura O'Connor, Stephanie Haugh, Christopher P Dwyer, Siobhan O'Higgins, Line Caes, Jonathan Egan, Brian E McGuire
INTRODUCTION: Multimorbidity (MM) refers to the coexistence of two or more chronic conditions within one person, where no one condition is considered primary. As populations age and healthcare provision improves, MM is becoming increasingly common and poses a challenge to the single morbidity approach to illness management, usually adopted by healthcare systems. Indeed, recent research has shown that 66.2% of the people in primary care in Ireland are living with MM. Healthcare usage and cost is significantly associated with MM, and additional chronic conditions lead to exponential increases in service usage and financial costs, and decreases in physical and mental well-being...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099281/vision-related-quality-of-life-before-and-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#10
Elvin Yildiz, Meltem Toklu, Ece Turan Vural
OBJECTIVES: To determine changes in the vision-related quality of life in patients undergoing deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) by using the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). METHODS: Thirty-five patients who were scheduled for DALK between March 1, 2013, and March 1, 2014 were asked to complete the NEI VFQ-25. NEI VFQ-25 was administered again at 6 months and at 1 year postoperatively. Data on patients' age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity, and postoperative astigmatism were recorded...
January 17, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098018/-don-t-be-afraid-to-push-at-doors
#11
(no author information available yet)
Alison Twycross started her nursing career in 1981, volunteering at a local hospice while doing her A levels. A registered adult, mental health and children's nurse, she has worked in nurse education for 21 years and is professor and head of children's nursing at London South Bank University. Ms Twycross has edited three books on research related to managing pain in children, and is the editor of the RCNi journal Evidence-Based Nursing.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096691/pain-acceptance-potentially-mediates-the-relationship-between-pain-catastrophizing-and-post-surgery-outcomes-among-compensated-lumbar-fusion-patients
#12
Cassie Dance, M Scott DeBerard, Jessica Gundy Cuneo
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain is highly prevalent and often treatment recalcitrant condition, particularly among workers' compensation patients. There is a need to identify psychological factors that may predispose such patients to pain chronicity. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether pain acceptance potentially mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgical outcomes in a sample of compensated lumbar fusion patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients insured with the Workers Compensation Fund of Utah and who were at least 2 years post-lumbar fusion surgery completed an outcome survey...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#13
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096007/health-related-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-among-seropositive-african-americans
#14
Christopher Lance Coleman
The primary aim of this descriptive correlational study was to determine which domains of health related quality of life (HRQOL) after controlling for demographic correlates predict depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive African American men and women on Active Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD-D), and the SF-36 Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) scale were administered. The regression analyses resulted in three models...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095787/the-effects-of-habitual-functional-training-on-physical-functioning-in-patients-after-hip-fracture-the-protocol-of-the-hipfrac-study
#15
Kristi Elisabeth Heiberg, Vigdis Bruun-Olsen, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: The survivors after hip fracture often report severe pain and loss of physical functioning. The poor outcomes cause negative impact on the person's physical functioning and quality of life and put a financial burden on society. Rehabilitation is important to improve physical functioning after hip fracture. To maintain the continuity in rehabilitation we have an assumption that it is of utmost importance to continue and progress the functional training that already started at the hospital, while the patients are transferred to short-term stays in a nursing home before they are returning to home...
January 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094191/functional-results-of-bilateral-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#16
Chris R Mellano, Robert Thorsness, Peter N Chalmers, Terrence F Feldheim, Patrick O'Donnell, Brian J Cole, Nikhil N Verma, Anthony A Romeo, Gregory P Nicholson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze a population of patients with bilateral reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) to evaluate their ability to perform activities of daily living and personal hygiene tasks. METHODS: At a minimum 2-year follow-up, we retrospectively reviewed 50 patients (100 shoulders) with a mean age of 72 years who underwent staged bilateral RTSA. The average follow-up period was 61 months (range, 24-121 months), with a minimum 2-year follow-up after the second surgical procedure...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089437/systems-innovation-model-an-integrated-interdisciplinary-team-approach-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-at-a-veterans-affairs-va-medical-center
#17
Dan Eisenberg, Jessica A Lohnberg, Eric P Kubat, Cheryl C Bates, Lauren M Greenberg, Susan M Frayne
BACKGROUND: Provision of bariatric surgery in the Veterans Health Administration must account for obese veterans' co-morbidity burden and the geographically dispersed location of patients relative to Veterans Affairs (VA) bariatric centers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a collaborative, integrated, interdisciplinary bariatric team of surgeons, bariatricians, psychologists, dieticians, and physical therapists working in a hub-and-spokes care model, for pre- and post-bariatric surgery assessment and management...
November 15, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088227/simplified-chinese-version-of-the-forgotten-joint-score-fjs-for-patients-who-underwent-joint-arthroplasty-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation
#18
Shiqi Cao, Ning Liu, Wuxiang Han, Yunpeng Zi, Fan Peng, Lexiang Li, Qiwei Fu, Yi Chen, Weijie Zheng, Qirong Qian
BACKGROUND: The Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) is a newly developed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaire designed to evaluate the awareness after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study cross-culturally adapted and psychometrically validated a simplified Chinese version of the FJS (SC-FJS). METHODS: Cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to the internationally recognized guidelines. One-hundred and fifty participants who underwent primary TKA were recruited in this study...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#19
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086792/irish-general-practitioner-attitudes-toward-decriminalisation-and-medical-use-of-cannabis-results-from-a-national-survey
#20
Des Crowley, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Eamon Laird, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Governmental debate in Ireland on the de facto decriminalisation of cannabis and legalisation for medical use is ongoing. A cannabis-based medicinal product (Sativex®) has recently been granted market authorisation in Ireland. This unique study aimed to investigate Irish general practitioner (GP) attitudes toward decriminalisation of cannabis and assess levels of support for use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP). METHODS: General practitioners in the Irish College of General Practitioner (ICGP) database were invited to complete an online survey...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
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