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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732367/significantly-more-intense-pain-in-methadone-maintained-patients-who-are-addicted-to-nicotine
#1
Lian-Zhong Liu, Lin-Xiang Tan, Yan-Min Xu, Xue-Bing Liu, Wen-Cai Chen, Jun-Hong Zhu, Jin Lu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Pain and cigarette smoking are very common in heroin-dependent patients (HDPs) receiving methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and both have substantial negative effects on HDPs' physical and mental health. Nevertheless, very few studies have assessed the relationship between the two in HDPs. This study examined the association between pain intensity and smoking in Chinese methadone-maintained HDPs. A total of 603 HDPs were consecutively recruited from three MMT clinics in Wuhan, China, and administered with a socio-demographic and drug use questionnaire, a smoking questionnaire concerning average number of cigarettes smoked daily and Heaviness of Smoking Index, and Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale...
July 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732134/physical-functioning-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-longitudinal-30-year-follow-up-study
#2
Anita Tollisen, Anne M Selvaag, Hanne A Aulie, Vibke Lilleby, Astrid Aasland, Anners Lerdal, Berit Flatø
OBJECTIVES: To describe physical functioning, pain, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), investigate changes over time, and identify predictors of poorer HRQOL after 30 years of disease duration. METHODS: Patients (N=176) clinically examined after 15 years were reassessed with the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Visual Analogue Scale Pain (VAS pain) and Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36) after 23 and 30 years...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731926/history-of-anaesthesia-the-ketamine-story-past-present-and-future
#3
Georges Mion
: Ketamine's history begins in the 1950s in Detroit, Michigan, at Parke-Davis Laboratories. On 26 March 1956, Harold V. Maddox synthesised phencyclidine or PCP. Domino studied PCP effects in animals and in 1958, Greifenstein made the first trials of PCP in humans under the name of Sernyl. Sernyl did not cause depression of cardiovascular and respiratory functions, but elicited severe excitation with a very prolonged postoperative recovery. Because of its psychedelic effects, it became a street drug under the name of 'angel dust' and was placed on schedule II of Federal Controlled Substance Act (CSA) in 1978...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731873/health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adult-men-with-severe-hemophilia
#4
Mohammad Faranoush, Ehsan Shahverdi, Raheb Qorbani, Mostafa Moghaddam
: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment should be part of the regular clinical assessment of persons with hemophilia. This study assessed quality of life of severe hemophilia patients (Type A) in Tehran comprehensive hemophilia care center. This cross-sectional study was done in 2016 and 84 men aged over 20 years with severe hemophilia (Type A) were assessed. All patients have been treated over 10 years at the comprehensive hemophilia care center, Iran. The HRQOL assessment includes the A36 Hemophilia-QOL questionnaire, sociodemographical and clinical characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730301/biopsychosocial-factors-predict-quality-of-life-in-thoracolumbar-spine-surgery
#5
Dean A Tripp, Edward Abraham, Maude Lambert, Kate Wagg, Erin Bigney, Eden Daly, Phylicia Verreault, Neil Manson
PURPOSE: Surgical intervention is a treatment option for various spinal pathology but many patients report no improvement or even an exacerbation of symptoms like pain. This study examined the association of preoperative (pre-op) biopsychosocial risk factors with poor quality of life at 2 and 6 months using hierarchical models controlling demographic and medical variables. METHOD: Participants undergoing thoracolumbar spine surgery (N = 214) were provided with questionnaire packages to complete pre-op, at 2 and at 6-month postoperative clinical follow-ups (i...
July 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728799/-mental-health-determines-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cancer-related-neuropathic-pain-in-quito-ecuador
#6
Fernando Gordillo Altamirano, María José Fierro Torres, Nelson Cevallos Salas, María Cristina Cervantes Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To identify the main factors determining the health related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with cancer-related neuropathic pain in a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was performed on a sample of 237 patients meeting criteria for cancer-related neuropathic pain. Clinical and demographic variables were recorded including, cancer type, stage, time since diagnosis, pain intensity, physical functionality with the Palliative Performance Scale (PPS), and anxiety and depression with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728771/contribution-of-benson-s-relaxation-technique-and-brief-psycho-educational-intervention-on-quality-of-life-of-primary-caregivers-of-iranian-children-with-chronic-diseases
#7
Forough Mowla, Sedigheh Khanjari, Mehrnoush Inanlou
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases leave a significant effect on not only the afflicted children but also their parents. Chronic diseases in children may also influence their parents' or primary caregivers' quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a Brief Psycho-educational Intervention (BPI) and Benson's Relaxation Technique (BRT) on the QoL of primary caregivers of children with chronic diseases. METHODS: The present quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design was conducted on 100 parents with children who had one chronic disease (50 in each of the control and intervention groups) and were admitted to two state-run pediatric hospitals in Tehran, Iran in 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728749/numb-chin-with-mandibular-pain-or-masticatory-weakness-as-indicator-for-systemic-malignancy-a-case-series-study
#8
Shin-Yu Lu, Shu-Hua Huang, Yen-Hao Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Numb chin syndrome (NCS) is a critical sign of systemic malignancy; however it remains largely unknown by clinicians and dentists. The aim of this study was to investigate NCS that is more often associated with metastatic cancers than with benign diseases. METHODS: Sixteen patients with NCS were diagnosed and treated. The oral and radiographic manifestations were assessed. RESULTS: Four (25%) of 16 patients with NCS were affected by nonmalignant diseases (19% by medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw and 6% by osteopetrosis); yet 12 (75%) patient conditions were caused by malignant metastasis, either in the mandible (62%) or intracranial invasion (13%)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728082/oral-infections-comorbidities-and-sensory-evidences-in-elderly-cross-sectional-study
#9
Nathalia Santos Viana Silva, Luciana Alvarenga da Silva, Omar Jaluul, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Oral infections affect the general health and overlap with chronic diseases due to infectious-immune mechanisms. On the other side, sensory abnormalities may be symptoms of this association. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of oral infections, comorbidities, health parameters and sensory abnormalities in elderly patients. METHODS: Thirty (30) elderly with mean age 70.4 yo, distributed according to ages were evaluated with a protocol that included demographics, comorbidities, medications, laboratory tests, blood pressure, heart rate, mini-mental state examination, clinical oral evaluation and systematized sensory testing (gustative, olfactory, thermal, mechanical and pain thresholds)...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#10
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727753/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-risk-factors-of-musculoskeletal-complaints-pain-and-or-stiffness-in-a-general-population-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#11
Ole Fredrik Andorsen, Luai Awad Ahmed, Nina Emaus, Elise Klouman
BACKGROUND: Female gender has been associated with musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs), but there are limited studies on how other factors may influence women and men differently. The aim of this prospective cohort study was to explore possible predictors of MSCs in women and men free of MSCs at baseline. METHODS: The present study included participants from the population-based Tromsø study, with baseline data from 1994-1995 and follow-up data from 2007-2008. MSCs were defined as having pain and/or stiffness in muscles and joints for 3 consecutive months during the past year...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727632/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-quality-of-life-following-endoscopic-totally-extraperitoneal-tep-versus-open-stoppa-inguinal-hernioplasty
#12
Jitendra K Kushwaha, Loreno E Enny, Akshay Anand, Abhinav A Sonkar, Awanish Kumar, Harvinder S Pahwa
In inguinal hernia surgery, quality of life (QOL) has emerged as a striking issue. Evidence suggests better QOL of patients operated with laparoscopic procedure as compared with open anterior hernia repairs. However data are scarce with relation to open posterior repair in terms of QOL issues. A prospective randomized single-blind study from November 2014 to October 2015 including all patients who underwent elective primary endoscopic [totally extraperitoneal (TEP)] or open Stoppa inguinal hernia repair was undertaken...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726651/factors-associated-with-post-stroke-fatigue-within-the-first-3-month-after-stroke
#13
I Delva, N Lytvynenko, M Delva
Aim - identify socio-demographic, personal and psychological factors associated with certain post-stroke fatigue (PSF) domains within first 3 months after stroke. There were examined patients consequently in definite time points after ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes: at hospital stay (234 patients), in 1 month (203 patients) and in 3 months (176 patients). Global PSF and certain PSF domains were measured by multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 (MFI-20) scale. In multivariate logistic regression analysis the majority of variables (gender, marital status, education level, smoking status, level of alcohol consumption, apathetic impairments, arterial hypertension, atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, body mass index, waist circumference) were not significantly associated with any PSF domain risk at any time point after stroke...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726492/does-cognition-specific-computer-training-have-better-clinical-outcomes-than-non-specific-computer-training-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ji-Hyuk Park, Jin-Hyuck Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between non-specific computer training (NCT) and cognition-specific computer training (CCT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled experimental study. SETTING: Local community welfare center. SUBJECTS: A total of 78 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were randomly assigned to the NCT ( n = 39) or CCT group ( n = 39). INTERVENTION: The NCT group underwent NCT using Nintendo Wii for improving functional performance, while the CCT group underwent CCT using CoTras for improving function of the cognitive domain specifically...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725425/letter-to-the-editor-health-professionals-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-eating-disorders-who-do-we-think-they-are
#15
Deborah Lynn Reas, Kjersti Solhaug Gulliksen, Johanna Levallius, Rasmus Isomaa
Health professionals are not immune to stigmatizing attitudes and stereotypes found in society-at-large. Along with patients and their loved ones, treatment providers are important stakeholders - and gatekeepers - in the successful delivery of mental healthcare. Prevailing attitudes among professionals can facilitate timely recognition, enable access to care and uptake of evidence-based practices, or undermine help-seeking and therapeutic engagement. At an interactive activity at the 2016 Nordic Eating Disorders Society (NEDS) meeting, we asked health professionals to describe individuals with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724356/a-one-year-follow-up-study-of-chronic-pain-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-and-without-neuropathic-pain
#16
Susanna Rapo-Pylkkö, Maija Haanpää, Helena Liira
BACKGROUND: Chronic, mostly musculoskeletal pain is common among older adults. Little is known about the prognosis of chronic pain and the neuropathic pain qualities in older adults. We studied a cohort of community-dwelling older adults, clinically assessed their pain states, classified their type of pain (nociceptive, neuropathic or combined) and followed them up for a year. METHODS: At baseline, a geriatrician clinically examined all study patients and classified their type of pain in collaboration with a pain specialist...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721578/preventive-chair-massage-with-algometry-to-maintain-psychosomatic-balance-in-white-collar-workers
#17
Anna Cabak, Mirosław Mikicin, Marek Łyp, Iwona Stanisławska, Ryszard Kaczor, Wiesław Tomaszewski
People working at computers often suffer from overload-related muscle pain, and physical and mental discomfort. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chair massage, conducted in the workplace among white-collar workers, in relieving symptoms of musculoskeletal strain related to prolonged sitting posture. The study was conducted in 124 white-collar workers, 55 women and 69 men, aged 33.7 ± 7.6 years. Subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: chair massage program, relaxing music sessions, and a control group, each of four-week duration...
July 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720623/prescription-opioid-use-among-adults-with-mental-health-disorders-in-the-united-states
#18
Matthew A Davis, Lewei A Lin, Haiyin Liu, Brian D Sites
BACKGROUND: The extent to which adults with mental health disorders in the United States receive opioids has not been adequately reported. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of the noninstitutionalized U.S. adult population from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. We examined the relationship between mental health (mood and anxiety) disorders and prescription opioid use (defined as receiving at least 2 prescriptions in a calendar year)...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720620/in-this-issue-opiates-tobacco-social-determinants-of-health-social-accountability-for-non-profit-hospitals-more-on-pcmh-and-clinical-topics
#19
EDITORIAL
Marjorie A Bowman, Anne Victoria Neale, Dean A Seehusen
This issue contains several articles about the factors contributing to the complex and deadly interplay between social determinants of health, pain, mental illness, and addictive substances such as opioids and tobacco. One article clearly is a call to action: more than half of opioid prescriptions in the United States are given to patients with mental health problems. Two articles report work on the next steps for social determinants of health in health care settings. Social accountability based on community health needs assessments required of community hospitals should lead to the creation of more family medicine residency positions...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719453/reliability-and-clinical-utility-of-the-cards-classification-for-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#20
Garret L Sobol, Alan Hilibrand, Ashley Davis, Paul Millhouse, John Koerner, Christopher Kepler, Gregory D Schroeder, Jonathan D Krystal, Erik C Olsson, Jeffrey Rihn, David Greg Anderson, Alexander Vaccaro, Kristen Radcliff
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the reliability and clinical utility of the of the proposed CARDS classification for degenerative spondylolisthesis. BACKGROUND: The Clinical and Radiographic Degenerative Spondylolisthesis (CARDS) classification system was recently proposed as an alternative to the Meyerding system for classifying degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). Unlike Meyerding, CARDS considers other relevant radiographic findings such as disk space collapse and segmental kyphosis to stratify DS into 4 radiographically discreet types...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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