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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550809/the-impact-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-on-healthcare-utilisation
#1
Edel Doherty, Michelle Queally, John Cullinan, Paddy Gillespie
Rising levels of childhood overweight and obesity represent a major global public health challenge. A number of studies have explored the association between childhood overweight and obesity and healthcare utilisation and costs. This paper adds to the literature by estimating the causal effect of child overweight and obesity status on use of general practitioner (GP) and hospital inpatient stays at two time points using instrumental variable (IV) methods The paper uses data from two waves of the Growing Up in Ireland survey of children when they are 9 and 13 years respectively and uses the biological mother's body mass index (BMI) as an instrument for the child's BMI...
May 12, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550805/enantioselective-accumulation-metabolism-and-phytoremediation-of-lactofen-by-aquatic-macrophyte-lemna-minor
#2
Fang Wang, Xiaotong Yi, Han Qu, Li Chen, Donghui Liu, Peng Wang, Zhiqiang Zhou
Pesticides are frequently detected in water bodies due to the agricultural application, which may pose impacts on aquatic organisms. The enantioselective bioaccumulation and metabolism of the herbicide lactofen in aquatic floating macrophyte Lemna minor (L. minor) were studied and the potential L. minor phytoremediation was investigated. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS-MS) analysis for lactofen and its two known metabolites in L. minor was performed. The initial concentrations of racemic lactofen, R-lactofen and S-lactofen were all 30μgL(-1) in the growth solution...
May 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550791/environmental-indicators-of-the-combustion-of-prospective-coal-water-slurry-containing-petrochemicals
#3
Margarita A Dmitrienko, Galina S Nyashina, Pavel A Strizhak
Negative environmental impact of coal combustion has been known to humankind for a fairly long time. Sulfur and nitrogen oxides are considered the most dangerous anthropogenic emissions. A possible solution to this problem is replacing coal dust combustion with that of coal water slurry containing petrochemicals (CWSP). Coal processing wastes and used combustible liquids (oils, sludge, resins) are promising in terms of their economic and energy yield characteristics. However, no research has yet been conducted on the environmental indicators of fuels based on CWSP...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550785/gender-gaps-and-glass-ceilings-a-survey-of-gender-specific-publication-trends-in-psychiatry-between-1994-and-2014
#4
S Süßenbacher, M Amering, A Gmeiner, B Schrank
BACKGROUND: Within academic psychiatry, women are underrepresented in the higher academic ranks. However, basic determinants of women's lack of academic advancement such as publication activity are poorly understood. The present study examines women's publication activity in high-impact psychiatry journals over two decades and reports developments in the numbers of male and female authorship over time and across cultural areas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective bibliometric review of all articles published in 2004 and 2014 in three high-ranking general psychiatry journals...
April 6, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550776/influence-of-sugarcane-bagasse-variability-on-sugar-recovery-for-cellulosic-ethanol-production
#5
Liliane Pires Andrade, Elaine Crespim, Nilton de Oliveira, Rafael Carinha de Campos, Juliana Conceição Teodoro, Célia Maria Araújo Galvão, Rubens Maciel Filho
In the context of cellulosic ethanol production, special attention must be given to the raw material, as it affects final product yield. As observed for sugarcane, bagasse variations may derive from several elements, for instance edaphoclimatic factors, seasonality, maturation stage and harvesting techniques. Therefore, in the present work, to investigate the impact of raw material characteristics on process performance, sugarcane bagasse from four harvests from October/2010 to October/2011 was pretreated by steam explosion and had its soluble and insoluble solids contents measured, following enzymatic hydrolysis to assess glucan conversion...
May 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550773/susceptibility-resistance-and-resilience-of-anammox-biomass-to-nanoscale-copper-stress
#6
Zheng-Zhe Zhang, Hai-Yan Hu, Jia-Jia Xu, Zhi-Jian Shi, Yang-Yang Shen, Man-Ling Shi, Ren-Cun Jin
The increasing use of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) poses an emerging challenge to biological wastewater treatment. The long-term impact of CuNPs on anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process was firstly investigated in this study. The nitrogen removal capacity of anammox reactor was nearly deprived within 30days under the stress of 5.0mgL(-1) CuNPs and the relative abundance of anammox bacteria (Ca. Kuenenia) was decreased from 29.59% to 17.53%. Meanwhile, copper resistance genes associated with the Cus, Cop and Pco systems were enriched to eliminate excess intracellular copper...
May 15, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550771/determination-of-the-performance-of-vermicomposting-process-applied-to-sewage-sludge-by-monitoring-of-the-compost-quality-and-immune-responses-in-three-earthworm-species-eisenia-fetida-eisenia-andrei-and-dendrobaena-veneta
#7
Hanine Suleiman, Agnieszka Rorat, Anna Grobelak, Anna Grosser, Marcin Milczarek, Barbara Płytycz, Małgorzata Kacprzak, Franck Vandenbulcke
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of vermicomposting process applied on three different sewage sludge (precomposted with grass clippings, sawdust and municipal solid wastes) using three different earthworm species. Selected immune parameters, namely biomarkers of stress and metal body burdens, have been used to biomonitor the vermicomposting process and to assess the impact of contaminants on earthworm's physiology. Biotic and abiotic parameters were also used in order to monitor the process and the quality of the final product...
May 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550765/social-and-academic-premorbid-adjustment-domains-predict-different-functional-outcomes-among-youth-with-first-episode-mania
#8
Aswin Ratheesh, Christopher G Davey, Rothanthi Daglas, Craig Macneil, Melissa Hasty, Kate Filia, Patrick D McGorry, Michael Berk, Philippe Conus, Sue Cotton
BACKGROUND: Premorbid characteristics may help predict the highly variable functional and illness outcomes of young people with early stage Bipolar Disorder (BD). We sought to examine the relationships between premorbid adjustment and short to medium-term outcomes after a first treated episode of mania. METHODS: We examined the baseline and 18-month follow-up characteristics of 117 participants with first episode of mania, treated at two tertiary early intervention services in Melbourne, Australia...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550758/platelets-and-hemophilia-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Julia Riedl, Cihan Ay, Ingrid Pabinger
Hemophilia A and B are inherited bleeding disorders due to deficiencies of the clotting factors VIII and IX, respectively. The severity of the disease correlates with remaining factor levels, although individual differences in bleeding tendency are seen despite similar factor levels. While thrombin generation is severely impaired in persons with hemophilia, primary hemostasis, i.e. platelet function, has been generally considered to be normal. However, some studies reported prolonged bleeding times in hemophilia, suggesting that also primary hemostasis is affected...
May 13, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550743/impact-of-drought-stress-on-specialised-metabolism-biosynthesis-and-the-expression-of-monoterpene-synthases-in-sage-salvia-officinalis
#10
Alzahraa Radwan, Maik Kleinwächter, Dirk Selmar
In previous experiments, we demonstrated that the amount of monoterpenes in sage is increased massively by drought stress. Our current study is aimed to elucidate whether this increase is due, at least in part, to elevated activity of the monoterpene synthases responsible for the biosynthesis of essential oils in sage. Accordingly, the transcription rates of the monoterpene synthases were analyzed. Salvia officinalis plants were cultivated under moderate drought stress. The concentrations of monoterpenes as well as the expression of the monoterpene synthases were analyzed...
May 24, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550727/multiple-remote-sensing-data-sources-to-assess-spatio-temporal-patterns-of-fire-incidence-over-campos-amaz%C3%A3-nicos-savanna-vegetation-enclave-brazilian-amazon
#11
Daniel Borini Alves, Fernando Pérez-Cabello
Fire activity plays an important role in the past, present and future of Earth system behavior. Monitoring and assessing spatial and temporal fire dynamics have a fundamental relevance in the understanding of ecological processes and the human impacts on different landscapes and multiple spatial scales. This work analyzes the spatio-temporal distribution of burned areas in one of the biggest savanna vegetation enclaves in the southern Brazilian Amazon, from 2000 to 2016, deriving information from multiple remote sensing data sources (Landsat and MODIS surface reflectance, TRMM pluviometry and Vegetation Continuous Field tree cover layers)...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550726/indices-of-stress-and-immune-function-in-arctic-barnacle-goslings-branta-leucopsis-were-impacted-by-social-isolation-but-not-a-contaminated-grazing-environment
#12
Margje E de Jong, Isabella B R Scheiber, Nico W van den Brink, Anna Braun, Kevin D Matson, Jan Komdeur, Maarten J J E Loonen
In many areas around the Arctic remains and spoil heaps of old mines can be found, which have been abandoned after their heydays. Runoff from tailings of these abandoned mines can directly contaminate the local environment with elevated concentrations of trace metals. Few studies have investigated the possible negative effects of contaminants on Arctic terrestrial animals that use these areas. Trace metals can accumulate in animals and this accumulation has been linked to negative effects on fitness. Both, the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and/or the immune system have been named as possible underlying causes for these observations...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550724/soil-erosion-predictions-from-a-landscape-evolution-model-an-assessment-of-a-post-mining-landform-using-spatial-climate-change-analogues
#13
G R Hancock, D Verdon-Kidd, J B C Lowry
Landscape Evolution Modelling (LEM) technologies provide a means by which it is possible to simulate the long-term geomorphic stability of a conceptual rehabilitated landform. However, simulations rarely consider the potential effects of anthropogenic climate change and consequently risk not accounting for the range of rainfall variability that might be expected in both the near and far future. One issue is that high resolution (both spatial and temporal) rainfall projections incorporating the potential effects of greenhouse forcing are required as input...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550721/clinical-performance-of-the-veris-hcv-assay-for-hepatitis-c-virus-rna-quantification
#14
Laure Izquierdo, Corinne Prégermain, Corinne Hottelet, Gwenaëlle Decombe, Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and treatment monitoring rely on detection/quantification of HCV RNA and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques are expected to equivalently quantify the different HCV genotypes. OBJECTIVE: The clinical performance of the VERIS HCV assay for HCV RNA quantification was compared to that of the Abbott RealTime HCV assay. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative concordance and quantitative comparison were evaluated on a first panel of 286 clinical samples containing HCV genotypes 1-6...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550714/adherence-to-oral-cancer-therapy-in-older-adults-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology-siog-taskforce-recommendations
#15
REVIEW
Anna Rachelle Mislang, Tanya M Wildes, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Capucine Baldini, Holly M Holmes, Ginah Nightingale, Annemarie Coolbrandt, Laura Biganzoli
There is an increasing trend towards using oral systemic therapy in patients with cancer. Compared to parenteral therapy, oral cancer agents offer convenience, have similar efficacy, and are preferred by patients, consequently making its use appealing in older adults. However, adherence is required to ensure its efficacy and to avoid compromising treatment outcomes, especially when the treatment goal is curative, or in case of symptomatic/rapidly progressing disease, where dose-intensity is important. This opens a new challenge for clinicians, as optimizing patient adherence is challenging, particularly due to lack of consensus and scarcity of available clinical evidence...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550711/behavioral-economic-substitution-between-conventional-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-differs-as-a-function-of-the-frequency-of-e-cigarette-use
#16
Sarah E Snider, K Michael Cummings, Warren K Bickel
BACKGROUND: Models measuring the interactions between consumption of conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in the marketplace are becoming vital forecast tools as the popularity of e-cigarettes increases and policy on tobacco products changes. Behavioral economics, which involves the integration of psychology and consumer demand, can be used to measure individuals' purchase behavior under different marketplace conditions. Our goal was to measure hypothetical conventional cigarette and e-cigarette purchasing among smokers with varying e-cigarette use patterns...
May 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550705/the-effect-of-language-on-hospital-inpatient-length-of-stay
#17
Nirbhai Singh Pannu, Alexandra Hill-Mann, Gurwinder Gill
As one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world, Canada is faced with numerous challenges in addressing disparities affecting its healthcare system. One barrier to care is limited English proficiency (LEP). Using electronic medical records, this retrospective study examined the impact of LEP on inpatient length of stay (LOS) in an acute care community hospital. We found that patients in our sample population with LEP had a shorter inpatient LOS by 0.36 days compared with English-proficient (EP) patients...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550701/patient-centred-care-in-canada-key-components-and-the-path-forward
#18
Terrence Montague, Amédé Gogovor, John Aylen, Lisa Ashley, Sara Ahmed, Lesli Martin, Bonnie Cochrane, Owen Adams, Joanna Nemis-White
Canadians' health and its care continue to evolve. Chronic diseases affect more than 50% of our aging population, but the majority of public and professional stakeholders retain a sense of care quality. An emergent issue, however, is generating an increasingly wide debate. It is the concept of patient-centred care, including its definition of key components, and efficacy. To advance the evidence base, the 2013-2014 and 2016 Health Care in Canada (HCIC) surveys measured pan-stakeholder levels of support and implementation priorities for frequently proposed components of patient centricity in healthcare...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550635/growth-corruption-health-triaca-and-environmental-degradation-empirical-evidence-from-indonesia-malaysia-and-thailand
#19
Muhammad Azam, Abdul Qayyum Khan
This study examines the impact of economic growth, corruption, health, and poverty on environmental degradation for three countries from ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand using annual data over the period of 1994-2014. The relationship between environmental degradation (pollution) by carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and economic growth is examined along with some other variables, namely health expenditure, poverty, agriculture value added growth, industrial value added growth, and corruption. The ordinary least squares (OLS) method is applied as an analytical technique for parameter estimation...
May 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550630/the-effects-of-different-sewage-sludge-amendment-rates-on-the-heavy-metal-bioaccumulation-growth-and-biomass-of-cucumbers-cucumis-sativus-l
#20
Ebrahem M Eid, Sulaiman A Alrumman, Ahmed F El-Bebany, Abd El-Latif Hesham, Mostafa A Taher, Khaled F Fawy
When sewage sludge is incorrectly applied, it may adversely impact agro-system productivity. Thus, this study addresses the reaction of Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber) to different amendment rates (0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 g kg(-1)) of sewage sludge in a greenhouse pot experiment, in which the plant growth, heavy metal uptake and biomass were evaluated. A randomized complete block design with six treatments and six replications was used as the experimental design. The soil electrical conductivity, organic matter and Cr, Fe, Zn and Ni concentrations increased, but the soil pH decreased in response to the sewage sludge applications...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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