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Hypomagnesemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450857/hypokalemia-associated-with-pseudo-cushing-s-syndrome-and-magnesium-deficiency-induced-by-chronic-alcohol-abuse
#1
Masafumi Kurajoh, Keiko Ohsugi, Miki Kakutani-Hatayama, Takuhito Shoji, Hidenori Koyama
Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia are frequently observed in patients with chronic alcoholism. However, the involvement of deranged cortisol regulation in patients with those conditions has not been reported. A 63-year-old Japanese male with chronic alcoholism was referred to the Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism for examination and treatment of hypokalemic periodic paralysis. Laboratory findings showed hypokalemia (2.3 mmol/l), as well as a high level of urinary excretion of potassium and hypomagnesemia (1...
February 15, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448975/analysis-of-patients-with-hypomagnesemia-using-the-japanese-adverse-drug-event-report-database-jader
#2
Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yuka Yoshiba, Tomoko Watanabe, Mitsutoshi Satoh, Toshihiro Ishii
PURPOSE: In order to clarify the occurrence of hypomagnesemia in Japan, we conducted a database search and analysis using the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database (JADER). METHODS: Among the cases recorded in JADER between April 2004 and December 2015, we targeted "hypomagnesemia" and analyzed the patients' backgrounds, drug involvement, other adverse events reported with hypomagnesemia, the time of hypomagnesemia onset, outcomes, and year when reported...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417691/incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-related-with-neurological-events-after-liver-transplantation-in-adult-and-pediatric-recipients
#3
Federico Piñero, Yu Cheang, Manuel Mendizabal, Joaquín Cagliani, Ariel Gonzalez Campaña, Josefina Pages, Carla Colaci, Mariano Barreiro, Cristina Alonso, Ivone Malla, Martín Fauda, Jose Bueri, Luis G Podesta, Marcelo Silva
Controversy exists whether NE after LT are more frequently observed in children or adults. We aimed to compare the incidence and outcomes for NE after LT in pediatric and adult recipients. A single-center cohort study, including all LT between 2001 and 2013, was performed. Definition of NE included impaired consciousness, delirium, seizures, focal neurologic deficit, visual impairment, or slurred speech. A cohort of 443 consecutive LT recipients was included: 307 adults and 136 children. Cumulative incidence of NE was similar between adults 15% (n = 41) and children 16% (n = 20; P = ...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406201/proton-pump-inhibitors-review-of-emerging-concerns
#4
REVIEW
Avinash K Nehra, Jeffrey A Alexander, Conor G Loftus, Vandana Nehra
First introduced in 1989, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most widely utilized medications worldwide, both in the ambulatory and inpatient clinical settings. The PPIs are currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the management of a variety of gastrointestinal disorders including symptomatic peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and nonulcer dyspepsia as well as for prevention of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients receiving antiplatelet therapy. PPIs inhibit gastric acid secretion, and the most commonly associated adverse effects include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and headache...
February 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404057/in-depth-investigation-on-physicochemical-and-thermal-properties-of-magnesium-ii-gluconate-using-spectroscopic-and-thermoanalytical-techniques
#5
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Neena Dixit, Parthasarathi Panda, Kalyan Kumar Sethi, Snehasis Jana
Magnesium gluconate is a classical organometallic pharmaceutical compound used for the prevention and treatment of hypomagnesemia as a source of magnesium ion. The present research described the in-depth study on solid state properties viz. physicochemical and thermal properties of magnesium gluconate using sophisticated analytical techniques like PXRD, PSA, FT-IR, UV-Vis spectroscopy, TGA/DTG, and DSC. Magnesium gluconate was found to be crystalline in nature along with the crystallite size ranging from 14...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403282/two-mutations-in-the-thiazide-sensitive-nacl-co-transporter-gene-in-a-romanian-gitelman-syndrome-patient-case-report
#6
Cristina Gug, Adelina Mihaescu, Ioana Mozos
Background: Gitelman syndrome (GS) is considered as the most common renal tubular disorder, and we report the first Romanian patient with GS confirmed at molecular level and diagnosed according to genetic testing. Patient and methods: This paper describes the case of a 27-year-old woman admitted with severe hypokalemia, slight hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, hypocalciuria, metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, low blood pressure, limb muscle weakness, marked fatigue and palpitations...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391418/hypomagnesemia-and-clinical-benefits-of-anti-egfr-monoclonal-antibodies-in-wild-type-kras-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Meng-Chiao Hsieh, Chun-Feng Wu, Chun-Wei Chen, Chung-Sheng Shi, Wen-Shih Huang, Feng-Che Kuan
Hypomagnesemia is a recognized side-effect of cetuximab- or panitumumab-based chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The clinical relevance of hypomagnesemia is under debate. Thus, a systematic review and meta-analysis of retrospective studies and randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing hypomagnesemia with normal magnesium levels in wild-type KRAS mCRC was performed. One RCT, two retrospective studies, and two American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) conference presentations from phase III RCTs involving 1723 patients were included in this study...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389386/hypomagnesemia-in-a-patient-with-an-eating-disorder
#8
Vinod Raman, Robert A Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378538/a-novel-compound-heterozygous-variant-of-the-slc12a3-gene-in-gitelman-syndrome-pedigree
#9
Yixin Chen, Ziyi Zhang, Xihua Lin, Qianqian Pan, Fenping Zheng, Hong Li
BACKGROUND: Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by genic mutations of SLC12A3 (Solute carrier family 12 member 3), which encodes the Na-Cl cotransporter (NCC), and presents with characteristic metabolic abnormalities, including hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, and hypocalciuria. In this study, we report a case of a GS pedigree, including analysis of GS-associated gene mutations. METHODS: We performed next-generation sequencing analysis and Sanger sequencing to explore the SLC12A3 mutations in a GS pedigree that included a 35-year-old female patient with GS and five family members within three generations...
January 29, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375229/coexistence-of-gitelman-syndrome-and-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-a-pregnant-woman
#10
Abdullah Nabi Aslan, Serkan Sivri, Murat Can Güney, Telat Keleş Prof
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis in combination with significant hypomagnesemia and low urinary calcium excretion. The symptoms and severity of the disease can vary greatly from one person to another and can range from mild to severe. Sudden cardiac arrest has been reported occasionally as well. Here, for the first time, we reported a 34-year-old pregnant GS woman who was diagnosed to have hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy during her cardiac examination for the complaints of palpitation and presyncope...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349628/serum-total-magnesium-level-and-its-correlation-with-symptom-control-in-children-with-mild-persistent-asthma
#11
Pavani Chitamanni, Venkatesh Chandrasekaran, Soundravally Rajendiran
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of hypomagnesemia in children with mild persistent asthma and to correlate the serum magnesium levels with symptom control in the above children. METHODS: It was a cross sectional study carried out from 1st April 2015 to 31st July 2016 at the department of Pediatrics, JIPMER Hospital. Participants included six to 12-y-old children with mild persistent asthma registered at childhood asthma clinic. Pulmonary function tests were done in all children using Care fusion Jaeger spirometer...
January 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340120/effect-of-short-hydration-on-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-study
#12
Farzaneh Ashrafi, Zeinab Ebrahimi, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective role of short hydration against nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin (CDDP). Materials and Methods: Twenty-two patients (13 men and 9 women) under CDDP therapy were enrolled in this retrospective study between 2009 and 2014. The CDDP was given in 500 ml of isotonic solution, and before and after CDDP administration, the patients received 10mEq potassium chloride15% and 1gr magnesium sulfate in 1000 ml isotonic saline. Renal parameters were evaluated on the first day of each cycle of CDDP therapy...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310404/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-combined-with-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-cutaneous-burn-and-inhalation-injury-caused-by-hydrofluoric-acid-and-nitric-acid
#13
Qinhua Pu, Jinxian Qian, Weiyi Tao, Aixiang Yang, Jian Wu, Yaodong Wang
RATIONALE: Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a highly corrosive agent and can cause corrosive burns. HF can penetrate deeply into tissues through intact skin and the lipid barrier, leading to painful liquefactive necrosis, and inducing hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia. In this study, we hypothesize that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) may be beneficial in addressing hemodynamic instability in cases of HF poisoning. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old man fell into an electroplating pool containing 10% HF and 50% nitric acid...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247429/prevalence-of-hypocalcemia-in-seizures-in-infancy
#14
Mahesh Kamate, Kanika Sharma, Vishwanath Patil
A one-year prospective study on developmentally normal children between 1-mo to 2-y with seizures was done to study the prevalence of hypocalcemia. The contribution of hypovitaminosis-D to hypocalcemia was also studied. Of 78 infants (51 boys) enrolled, 18 (23.1%) had hypocalcemia. Fifteen (19.2%) had hypocalcemia secondary to hypovitaminosis-D and 3 (3.8%) had hypomagnesemia. In infants aged less than 6 mo who were exclusively breastfed, 15 (41.67%) had hypocalcemia in comparison to other two age groups [2 (10...
December 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241212/serum-magnesium-abnormality-and-influencing-factors-of-serum-magnesium-level-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-single-center-study-in-northern-china
#15
Shihming Tsai, Huiping Zhao, Bei Wu, Li Zuo, Mei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, bone diseases, and mortality in dialysis patients. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of and influencing factors for abnormal serum Mg levels in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study in Peking University People's Hospital recorded the demographic information, clinical characteristics, and laboratory data. Data were assessed and compared with the results from 2 other studies in China...
December 14, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233628/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-in-a-paediatric-cohort-1963-2016-outcomes-from-a-large-single-center-series
#16
I Stoica, F O'Kelly, M B McDermott, F M J Quinn
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the kidney. It was first described in 1916, and is thought to affect 6/1000 cases of pyelonephritis. Its manifestations are varied, and with a limited number of cases in the literature, the optimal diagnosis and management of XGP in the paediatric cohort is still unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of children who were diagnosed and treated for XGP at the current unit during the period 1963-2016, inclusive, were retrospectively reviewed...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227270/-clinical-characteristics-of-congenital-heart-diseases-associated-with-connective-tissue-displasia-at-children-living-in-east-region-of-kazakhstan
#17
M Madiyeva, T Rymbayeva
The frequency of the combination of congenital heart defects (CHD) and connective tissue dysplasia remains poorly understood. And connective tissue dysplasia enhance severity the clinical of CHD. The aim of the study was to conduct a clinical and laboratory analysis of combinations of congenital heart defects and connective tissue dysplasia in children of Semey and to determine the risk for the development of these pathologies. The object of the study is the children of Semey (East Kazakhstan) aged 1-14 with congenital heart defects (CHD), with connective tissue dysplasia, healthy children and their mothers...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219052/adverse-events-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-potential-mechanisms
#18
Andrea Corsonello, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Silvia Bustacchini, Sabrina Garasto, Annalisa Cozza, Roberto Schepisi, Federica Lenci, Filippo Luciani, Marcello Giuseppe Maggio, Andrea Ticinesi, Valeria Butto, Sara Tagliaferri, Francesco Corica
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at summarizing current evidence about mechanisms for potentially harmful effects of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). METHODS: A Pubmed search was performed, and 207 studies concerning the relationship between use of PPIs and cardiovascular diseases, kidney impairment, nutritional disorders, fractures, infections, functional decline, and mortality were selected and reviewed. RESULTS: PPIs may cause potentially harmful effects by several mechanisms, including endothelial dysfunction, hypomagnesemia, drug interactions, reduced absorption of selected nutrients, increased gastric microbiota and small intestine bacterial overgrowth, reduced immune response, tubular-interstitial inflammation, increased bone turnover, accumulation of amyloid in the brain...
December 7, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199170/what-is-the-long-term-acid-inhibitor-treatment-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-what-are-the-potential-problems-related-to-long-term-acid-inhibitor-treatment-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-how-should-these-cases-be-followed
#19
İbrahim Hatemi, Sinem Nihal Esatoğlu
The meta-analyses of observational studies (OBS) showed the risk of any fracture and hip fracture slightly increased with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment depending on the dose and regardless of time. This was not observed with histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RA). The risk of bacterial overgrowth and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were increased with PPI therapy, but not with H2RA. In meta-analyses of OBS, a slight increase was observed in the risk of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the early stages (<1 month) of PPI use and particularly at high doses...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179203/maternal-hypercholesterolemia-associated-with-nicotine-exposure-in-adulthood-may-induce-kidney-injury-in-male-rats-if-hypomagnesemia-occurs
#20
Claudia M B Helou, Rildo A Volpini, Mirela A R Santinho, Fabricio L Fonseca, André L Simião
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Maternal hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor to renal injury in rat pups at adulthood, especially if they feed a cholesterol-enriched diet after weaning. However, the renal function of male pups of dams with hypercholesterolemia (PH) that were fed a regular chow from weaning to adulthood needs investigation, particularly those exposed to an adverse risk such as nicotine. METHODS: We evaluated the renal function of PH animals and we compared the data with those found in male pups of control dams (PC) at 3- and 6-month-old by inulin clearance...
November 27, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
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