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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915141/a-review-of-the-occurrence-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-products-in-indian-water-bodies
#1
REVIEW
Keshava Balakrishna, Amlan Rath, Yerabham Praveenkumarreddy, Keerthi Siri Guruge, Bikram Subedi
Little information exists on the occurrence and the ultimate fate of pharmaceuticals in the water bodies in India despite being one of the world leaders in pharmaceutical production and consumption. This paper has reviewed 19 published reports of pharmaceutical occurrence in the aquatic environment in India [conventional activated sludge wastewater treatment plants (WTPs), hospital WTPs, rivers, and groundwater]. Carbamazepine (antipsychoactive), atenolol (antihypertensive), triclocarban and triclosan (antimicrobials), trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (antibacterials), ibuprofen and acetaminophen (analgesics), and caffeine (stimulant) are the most commonly detected at higher concentrations in Indian WTPs that treat predominantly the domestic sewage...
December 1, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914905/relationship-between-the-finnish-diabetes-risk-score-findrisc-vitamin-d-levels-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-subjects
#2
Marcos M Lima-Martínez, Carlos Arrau, Saimar Jerez, Mariela Paoli, Juan P González-Rivas, Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Gianluca Iacobellis
AIM: To assess the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] blood concentrations in subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) risk according to the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) modified for Latin America (LA-FINDRISC). METHODS: This study was conducted in Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela. Eighty two women and 20 men (53 obese and 49 nonobese), with an average age of 42.6±12.30 years were enrolled. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), fasting glucose, basal insulin, plasma lipids, Homeostasis Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and 25(OH)D levels were measured...
November 30, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914860/microplastics-ingestion-by-a-common-tropical-freshwater-fishing-resource
#3
Jacqueline Santos Silva-Cavalcanti, José Diego B Silva, Elton José de França, Maria Christina Barbosa de Araújo, Felipe Gusmão
Microplastics pollution is widespread in marine ecosystems and a major threat to biodiversity. Nevertheless, our knowledge of the impacts of microplastics in freshwater environments and biota is still very limited. The interaction of microplastics with freshwater organisms and the risks associated with the human consumption of organisms that ingested microplastics remain major knowledge gaps. In this study, we assessed the ingestion of microplastics by Hoplosternum littorale, a common freshwater fish heavily consumed by humans in semi-arid regions of South America...
November 30, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914746/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-mild-axonal-peripheral-neuropathy-of-late-neurologic-lyme-disease
#4
REVIEW
Gary P Wormser, Franc Strle, Eugene D Shapiro, Raymond J Dattwyler, Paul G Auwaerter
In older studies, a chronic distal symmetric sensory neuropathy was reported as a relatively common manifestation of late Lyme disease in the United States. However, the original papers describing this entity had notable inconsistencies and certain inexplicable findings, such as reports that this condition developed in patients despite prior antibiotic treatment known to be highly effective for other manifestations of Lyme disease. More recent literature suggests that this entity is seen rarely, if at all. A chronic distal symmetric sensory neuropathy as a manifestation of late Lyme disease in North America should be regarded as controversial and in need of rigorous validation studies before acceptance as a documented clinical entity...
November 12, 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914688/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-epidemiology-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-united-states-australia-and-new-zealand
#5
REVIEW
Cairistin McDougall, Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
OBJECTIVE: Past publications have highlighted an excess rheumatic disease incidence and prevalence in indigenous populations of Canada (First Nations, Inuit, and Métis), and the United States of America (Alaska Native and American Indian). We have updated these reviews and expanded the scope to include New Zealand (Maori) and Australia (Aborigine) indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a broad search using medical literature databases, indigenous specific online indexes, and government websites to identify publications reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of arthritis conditions (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, gout, osteoarthritis, systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis) in the indigenous populations of Canada, America, New Zealand, and Australia...
November 1, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914442/analysis-and-modeling-of-255-source-levels-of-merchant-ships-from-an-acoustic-observatory-along-st-lawrence-seaway
#6
Yvan Simard, Nathalie Roy, Cédric Gervaise, Samuel Giard
An ensemble of 255 spectral source levels (SSLs) of merchant ships were measured with an opportunistic seaway acoustic observatory adhering to the American National Standards Institute/Acoustical Society of America S12.64-2009 standard as much as possible, and deployed in the 350-m deep lower St. Lawrence Seaway in eastern Canada. The estimated SSLs were sensitive to the transmission loss model. The best transmission loss model at the three measuring depths was an empirical in situ function for ranges larger than 300 m, fused with estimates from a wavenumber integration propagation model fed with inverted local geoacoustic properties for [300 to 1 m] ranges...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914425/acoustical-standards-news
#7
Neil B Stremmel, Christopher J Struck
American National Standards (ANSI Standards) developed by Accredited Standards Committees S1, S2, S3, S3/SC 1, and S12 in the areas of acoustics, mechanical vibration and shock, bioacoustics, animal bioacoustics, and noise, respectively, are published by the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). In addition to these standards, ASA publishes a catalog of Acoustical American National Standards. To receive a copy of the latest Standards catalog, please contact Neil Stremmel.Comments are welcomed on all material in Acoustical Standards News...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913973/emergence-of-new-virulent-rabbit-hemorrhagic-disease-virus-strains-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Mahmoud M Ismail, Mahmoud H A Mohamed, Ibrahim M El-Sabagh, Mohamed A Al-Hammadi
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease is an acute fatal highly contagious viral infectious disease that causes high losses among rabbitries. The disease was first reported in China in 1984 and later on in Saudi Arabia in 1996. The aim of this study was to investigate the emergence and pathogenicity of new rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) strains in Saudi Arabia. The pathogenicity was confirmed by inoculation in susceptible rabbits. Three RHDV strains were detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) using primers targeting VP60 capsid protein gene in infected rabbitries during 2012 and 2013...
December 2, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911924/plasmodium-yoelii-nigeriensis-n67-is-a-robust-animal-model-to-study-malaria-transmission-by-south-american-anopheline-mosquitoes
#9
Alessandra S Orfano, Ana Paula M Duarte, Alvaro Molina-Cruz, Paulo F Pimenta, Carolina Barillas-Mury
Malaria is endemic in the American continent and the Amazonian rainforest is the region with the highest risk of transmission. However, the lack of suitable experimental models to infect malaria vectors from the Americas has limited the progress to understand the biology of transmission in this region. Anopheles aquasalis, a major vector in coastal areas of South America, was found to be highly refractory to infection with two strains of Plasmodium falciparum (NF54 and 7G8) and with Plasmodium berghei (mouse malaria), even when the microbiota was eliminated with antibiotics and oxidative stress was reduced with uric acid...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911051/sylvatic-transmission-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-among-domestic-and-wildlife-reservoirs-in-texas-usa-a-review-of-the-historical-literature
#10
REVIEW
S M Gunter, E L Brown, R Gorchakov, K O Murray, M N Garcia
Chagas disease (Trypanosoma cruzi infection) is one of the most important neglected tropical diseases affecting the Americas. The transmission dynamic of this parasite is a complicated process that involves three genera of Triatominae subfamily and over 100 known mammalian reservoirs composed of domestic, peridomestic and wildlife species. Understanding the complex relationship between vector species and mammalian hosts is important for preventing transmission to humans. We performed a historical literature review to assess the disease burden in the Texas wildlife and domestic animal population...
December 2, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910753/medicinal-value-and-taxonomy-of-the-tinder-polypore-fomes-fomentarius-agaricomycetes-a-review
#11
Ján Gáper, Svetlana Gáperová, Peter Pristas, Katerina Naplavova
The tinder polypore, Fomes fomentarius, is a wood-decaying macrofungus well known for its potential use in a wide range of biotechnological applications. The existence of 3 distinct internal transcribed spacer lineages/sublineages among its strains has been clearly established. Sublineage A1 consists of strains isolated from North America, whereas sublineage A2 consists of strains only from Europe. Lineage B comprises strains from Europe and Asia. A better understanding of the biological features of F. fomentarius lineages/sublineages could lead to improved characterization, leading to better biotechnological applications...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910139/characterization-of-patients-with-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis-according-to-the-new-escmid-ers-ecmm-and-idsa-guidelines
#12
Helmut J F Salzer, Jan Heyckendorf, Barbara Kalsdorf, Thierry Rolling, Christoph Lange
Recently, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) in cooperation with the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) published guidelines for the diagnosis of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Both guidelines, however, carry significant differences. We retrospectively applied the diagnostic recommendations on a patient cohort of 71 previously diagnosed CPA patients in order to compare both guidelines...
December 1, 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910106/identification-of-semiochemicals-attractive-to-simulium-vittatum-is-7
#13
G G Verocai, T W McGAHA, J P Iburg, C R Katholi, E W Cupp, R Noblet, T R Unnasch
Many blackfly species (Diptera: Simuliidae) are economically important insect pests, both as nuisance biters and as vectors of pathogens of medical and veterinary relevance. Among the important blackfly pest species in North America is Simulium vittatum Zetterstedt sensu lato. The objective of this study was to identify compounds excreted by mammalian hosts that are attractive to host-seeking S. vittatum females. The attractiveness of putative compounds to colonized S. vittatum was tested through electrophysiological (electroantennography; n = 58 compounds) and behavioural (Y-tube assays; n = 7 compounds in three concentrations) bioassays...
December 2, 2016: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909915/a-systematic-review-of-leptospirosis-on-dogs-pigs-and-horses-in-latin-america
#14
REVIEW
Priscila S Pinto, Hugo Libonati, Walter Lilenbaum
Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis which can affect many species. Control programs need accurate diagnosis to be successful, and currently, diagnosis relies on serology. It presents three main issues: the sampling, the antigen panel, and the cutoff point. Herein, we propose a systematic review on leptospirosis among dogs, pigs, and horses in Latin America in order to improve the understanding of the seroepidemiology of leptospirosis in these species in the region as well as the temporal development of the research on this topic and, consequently, improve the chances of success on control programs...
December 1, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908796/detection-of-novel-gii-17-norovirus-in-argentina-2015
#15
Juan I Degiuseppe, Karina A Gomes, María F Hadad, Gabriel I Parra, Juan A Stupka
During the winter of 2014-2015 a novel GII.17 norovirus strain emerged as a cause of large gastroenteritis outbreaks in Asia; displacing the long-term predominant strain, GII.4. Although sporadically detected, the emerging GII.17 virus was described in North America and Europe. In this study, we describe the presence of this novel strain in Argentina (South America), and provide new information on the genetic diversity of GII.17 noroviruses. Ten stool samples from individuals (1-88years old; median: 5years old) experiencing gastroenteritis symptoms from San Martín de los Andes, Argentina were tested for Norovirus using RT-PCR...
November 28, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908065/acoustical-standards-news
#16
Neil B Stremmel, Christopher J Struck
American National Standards (ANSI Standards) developed by Accredited Standards Committees S1, S2, S3, S3/SC 1, and S12 in the areas of acoustics, mechanical vibration and shock, bioacoustics, animal bioacoustics, and noise, respectively, are published by the Acoustical Society of America (ASA). In addition to these standards, ASA publishes a catalog of Acoustical American National Standards. To receive a copy of the latest Standards catalog, please contact Neil Stremmel.Comments are welcomed on all material in Acoustical Standards News...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907937/tranexamic-acid-for-trauma-resuscitation-in-the-united-states-of-america
#17
Mark Walsh, Scott Thomas, Ernest Moore, Hunter Moore, Andres Piscoya, Daniel Hake, Michael Son, Tim Pohlman, Julie Wegner, John Bryant, Alberto Grassetto, Patrick Davis, Nathan Nielsen, Anton Crepinsek, Jacob T Shreve, Francis Castellino
The utilization of tranexamic acid (TXA) for the management of bleeding trauma patients has been a subject of much debate on both sides of the Atlantic and in Australia. As a result of the large randomized controlled study called the Clinical Randomization of an Antifibrinolytic in Severe Hemorrhage (CRASH-2), there was an initial enthusiasm for the use of TXA to treat bleeding patients. However, the adoption of TXA in the United States was delayed by concerns of "knowledge and evidence gaps" of the CRASH-2 study and because of a lack of mechanistic rationale that would explain the survival benefit noted in the study...
December 1, 2016: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907264/the-legacy-of-large-regime-shifts-in-shallow-lakes
#18
Joy M Ramstack Hobbs, William O Hobbs, Mark B Edlund, Kyle D Zimmer, Kevin M Theissen, Natalie Hoidal, Leah M Domine, Mark A Hanson, Brian R Herwig, James B Cotner
Ecological shifts in shallow lakes from clear-water macrophyte-dominated to turbid-water phytoplankton-dominated are generally thought of as rapid short-term transitions. Diatom remains in sediment records from shallow lakes in the Prairie Pothole Region of North America provide new evidence that the long-term ecological stability of these lakes is defined by the legacy of large regime shifts. We examine the modern and historical stability of 11 shallow lakes. Currently, four of the lakes are in a clear-water state, three are consistently turbid-water, and four have been observed to change state from year to year (transitional)...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907126/variability-in-the-sxt-gene-clusters-of-psp-toxin-producing-aphanizomenon-gracile-strains-from-norway-spain-germany-and-north-america
#19
Andreas Ballot, Leonardo Cerasino, Vladyslava Hostyeva, Samuel Cirés
Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxin production has been detected worldwide in the cyanobacterial genera Anabaena, Lyngbya, Scytonema, Cuspidothrix and Aphanizomenon. In Europe Aphanizomenon gracile and Cuspidothrix issatschenkoi are the only known producers of PSP toxins and are found in Southwest and Central European freshwater bodies. In this study the PSP toxin producing Aphanizomenon sp. strain NIVA-CYA 851 was isolated from the Norwegian Lake Hillestadvannet. In a polyphasic approach NIVA-CYA 851 was morphologically and phylogenetically classified, and investigated for toxin production...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907107/a-time-calibrated-mitogenome-phylogeny-of-catfish-teleostei-siluriformes
#20
Ilias Kappas, Spiros Vittas, Chrysoula N Pantzartzi, Elena Drosopoulou, Zacharias G Scouras
A very significant part of the world's freshwater ichthyofauna is represented by ancient, exceptionally diverse and cosmopolitan ray-finned teleosts of the order Siluriformes. Over the years, catfish have been established as an exemplary model for probing historical biogeography at various scales. Yet, several tantalizing gaps still exist in their phylogenetic history, timeline and mode of diversification. Here, we re-examine the phylogeny of catfish by assembling and analyzing almost all publicly available mitogenome data...
2016: PloS One
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