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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227471/defining-new-aims-for-bme-programs-in-latin-america-the-case-of-uam-iztapalapa
#1
J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan, M M Cadena, M E G Urbina, E Sacristan, J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez
The need for upkeep and management of medical technology has fostered the creation of a large number of under graduate programs in the field of biomedical Engineering. In Latin America alone, there are over 85 programs dedicated to this. This contrasts with programs in other regions where most of the undergraduates continue on to pursue graduate degrees or work as research and development engineers in the biomedical industry. In this work we analyze the situation regarding curricular design in the 48 BME programs in Mexico and compare this to suggestions and classifications of programs according to needs and possibilities...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227022/seasonal-weight-variation-patterns-in-seven-countries-located-in-northern-and-southern-hemispheres
#2
Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh, Ilkka Korhonen, Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh, Ilkka Korhonen, Ilkka Korhonen, Saeed Mehrang, Elina Helander, Angela Chieh
The digital revolution of information and technology in late 20th century has led to emergence of devices that help people monitor their weight in a long-term manner. Investigation of population-level variations of body mass using smart connected weight scales enabled the health coaches acquire deeper insights about the models of people's behavior as a function of time. Typically, body mass varies when the seasons change. That is, during the warmer seasons people's body mass tend to decrease while in colder seasons it usually moves up...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226302/towards-a-theoretical-model-on-medicines-as-a-health-need
#3
Claudia Marcela Vargas-Peláez, Luciano Soares, Marina Raijche Mattozo Rover, Carine Raquel Blatt, Aukje Mantel-Teeuwisse, Francisco Augusto Rossi Buenaventura, Luis Guillermo Restrepo, María Cristina Latorre, José Julián López, María Teresa Bürgin, Consuelo Silva, Silvana Nair Leite, Farias Mareni Rocha
Medicines are considered one of the main tools of western medicine to resolve health problems. Currently, medicines represent an important share of the countries' healthcare budget. In the Latin America region, access to essential medicines is still a challenge, although countries have established some measures in the last years in order to guarantee equitable access to medicines. A theoretical model is proposed for analysing the social, political, and economic factors that modulate the role of medicines as a health need and their influence on the accessibility and access to medicines...
February 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225900/chronic-chagas-cardiomyopathy-a-review-of-the-main-pathogenic-mechanisms-and-the-efficacy-of-aetiological-treatment-following-the-benznidazole-evaluation-for-interrupting-trypanosomiasis-benefit-trial
#4
Anis Rassi, José Antonio Marin, Anis Rassi
Chagas cardiomyopathy is the most frequent and most severe manifestation of chronic Chagas disease, and is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death in Latin America. Although the pathogenesis of Chagas cardiomyopathy is incompletely understood, it may involve several mechanisms, including parasite-dependent myocardial damage, immune-mediated myocardial injury (induced by the parasite itself and by self-antigens), and microvascular and neurogenic disturbances. In the past three decades, a consensus has emerged that parasite persistence is crucial to the development and progression of Chagas cardiomyopathy...
March 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225894/chronic-chagas-cardiomyopathy-a-review-of-the-main-pathogenic-mechanisms-and-the-efficacy-of-aetiological-treatment-following-the-benznidazole-evaluation-for-interrupting-trypanosomiasis-benefit-trial
#5
Anis Rassi, José Antonio Marin, Anis Rassi
Chagas cardiomyopathy is the most frequent and most severe manifestation of chronic Chagas disease, and is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death in Latin America. Although the pathogenesis of Chagas cardiomyopathy is incompletely understood, it may involve several mechanisms, including parasite-dependent myocardial damage, immune-mediated myocardial injury (induced by the parasite itself and by self-antigens), and microvascular and neurogenic disturbances. In the past three decades, a consensus has emerged that parasite persistence is crucial to the development and progression of Chagas cardiomyopathy...
February 16, 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225787/forest-dynamics-in-the-u-s-indicate-disproportionate-attrition-in-western-forests-rural-areas-and-public-lands
#6
Sheng Yang, Giorgos Mountrakis
Forests are experiencing significant changes; studying geographic patterns in forests is critical in understanding the impact of forest dynamics to biodiversity, soil erosion, water chemistry and climate. Few studies have examined forest geographic pattern changes other than fragmentation; however, other spatial processes of forest dynamics are of equal importance. Here, we study forest attrition, the complete removal of forest patches, that can result in complete habitat loss, severe decline of population sizes and species richness, and shifts of local and regional environmental conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225701/the-case-of-dr-oz-ethics-evidence-and-does-professional-self-regulation-work
#7
Jon C Tilburt, Megan Allyse, Frederic W Hafferty
Dr. Mehmet Oz is widely known not just as a successful media personality donning the title "America's Doctor(®)," but, we suggest, also as a physician visibly out of step with his profession. A recent, unsuccessful attempt to censure Dr. Oz raises the issue of whether the medical profession can effectively self-regulate at all. It also raises concern that the medical profession's self-regulation might be selectively activated, perhaps only when the subject of professional censure has achieved a level of public visibility...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225587/compms2miner-an-automatable-metabolite-identification-visualization-and-data-sharing-r-package-for-high-resolution-lc-ms-datasets
#8
William Matthew Bell Edmands, Lauren M Petrick, Dinesh Kumar Barupal, Augustin Scalbert, Mark Wilson, Jeffrey Wickliffe, Stephen M Rappaport
A long-standing challenge of untargeted metabolomic profiling by ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS) is efficient transition from unknown mass spectral features to confident metabolite annotations. The compMS2Miner (Comprehensive MS2 Miner) package was developed in the R language to facilitate rapid, comprehensive feature annotation using a peak-picker-output and MS2 data files as inputs. The number of MS2 spectra that can be collected during a metabolomic profiling experiment far outweigh the amount of time required for pain-staking manual interpretation, therefore a degree of software workflow autonomy is required for broad-scale metabolite annotation...
February 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225512/panlar-presidency-first-self-assessment-report-2014-2016-challenges-opportunities-and-results
#9
Carlos Pineda, Hugo Sandoval, Rosa Sheen, Roberto Muñoz-Louis
We present here the first PANLAR Presidency Self-Assessment Report 2014-2016, emphasizing the challenges, opportunities, and results achieved in terms of (1) governance, (2) education and scientific research, (3) finance, and (4) communications throughout this tenure. The main result must be understood as a strategic planning exercise that strengthened institutional responsibility in policies, decisions, and actions, thanks to the teamwork of Latin America's National Rheumatology Societies, the PANLAR Executive Committee, and PANLAR Board Members...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224756/type-2-diabetes-after-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-south-asian-women-in-the-united-states
#10
Meghana D Gadgil, Reena Oza-Frank, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya
AIMS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes. The incidence of both GDM and type 2 diabetes is exceedingly high in South Asian populations, however, the risk of type 2 diabetes after GDM in South Asian women in the US is unknown. METHODS: South Asians aged 40-84 years without known cardiovascular disease were enrolled in a community-based cohort called Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) Study...
February 22, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224658/predictive-meta-regressions-relating-mercury-tissue-concentrations-of-freshwater-piscivorous-mammals
#11
Kristin M Eccles, Philippe J Thomas, Hing Man Chan
Mercury (Hg) is a pollutant of global concern. Sentinel species, such as river otter (Lontra canadensis) and mink (Neovison vison), are often used to monitor environmental concentrations in freshwater ecosystems. Tissue total Hg (THg) concentrations are frequently used as biomarkers of exposure. However, there is no comprehensive model relating Hg tissue concentrations in different tissues, making inter-study comparisons challenging. Our objective was to establish conversion factors relating fur, brain, liver, kidney, and muscle THg concentrations using mean concentrations and standard errors reported in the literature...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224615/global-trends-in-nasopharyngeal-cancer-mortality-since-1970-and-predictions-for-2020-focus-on-low-risk-areas
#12
Greta Carioli, Eva Negri, Daisuke Kawakita, Werner Garavello, Carlo La Vecchia, Matteo Malvezzi
Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) mortality shows great disparity between endemic high risk areas, where non-keratinizing carcinoma (NKC) histology is prevalent, and non-endemic low risk regions, where the keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma (KSCC) type is more frequent. We used the World Health Organization database to calculate NPC mortality trends from 1970 to 2014 in several countries worldwide. For the EU, the USA and Japan, we also predicted trends to 2020. In 2012 the highest age-standardized (world standard) rates were in Hong Kong (4...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223900/creating-health-in-america-one-person-at-a-time-a-message-for-incoming-president-trump
#13
Jeffrey Bland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223866/cross-national-analysis-of-estimated-narcotic-utilization-for-twelve-arabic-speaking-countries-in-the-middle-east
#14
Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: Access to narcotics has been described as suboptimal in the Middle East. The objectives of this study were to characterize estimated narcotic use in twelve Arabic-speaking nations and compare across world regions. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional analysis of estimated average consumption of narcotic drugs in defined daily doses per million inhabitants, as provided by the International Narcotics Control Board Technical Reports (2008-2012)...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223483/seasonal-prediction-of-us-summertime-ozone-using-statistical-analysis-of-large-scale-climate-patterns
#15
Lu Shen, Loretta J Mickley
We develop a statistical model to predict June-July-August (JJA) daily maximum 8-h average (MDA8) ozone concentrations in the eastern United States based on large-scale climate patterns during the previous spring. We find that anomalously high JJA ozone in the East is correlated with these springtime patterns: warm tropical Atlantic and cold northeast Pacific sea surface temperatures (SSTs), as well as positive sea level pressure (SLP) anomalies over Hawaii and negative SLP anomalies over the Atlantic and North America...
February 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223386/surveillance-of-omadacycline-activity-tested-against-clinical-isolates-from-a-global-north-america-europe-latin-america-and-asia-western-pacific-collection-2010-2011
#16
Michael A Pfaller, Michael D Huband, Paul R Rhomberg, Robert K Flamm
Omadacycline is a broad spectrum aminomethylcycline in late-stage clinical development for acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections and community-acquired pneumonia as both an oral and intravenous, once-daily formulation. In this report omadacycline and comparators were tested against 69,246 non-duplicate bacterial isolates collected prospectively during 2010 and 2011 from medical centers in Asia-Pacific (11,397 isolates), Europe (23,490 isolates), Latin America (8,038 isolates) and North America (26,321 isolates)...
February 21, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222733/educational-health-disparities-in-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-among-african-descent-populations-in-the-caribbean-and-the-usa-a-comparative-analysis-from-the-spanish-town-cohort-jamaica-and-the-jackson-heart-study-usa
#17
Aurelian Bidulescu, Trevor S Ferguson, Ian Hambleton, Novie Younger-Coleman, Damian Francis, Nadia Bennett, Michael Griswold, Ervin Fox, Marlene MacLeish, Rainford Wilks, E Nigel Harris, Louis W Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that social inequalities in chronic disease outcomes differ between industrialized and developing countries, but few have directly compared these effects. We explored inequalities in hypertension and diabetes prevalence between African-descent populations with different levels of educational attainment in Jamaica and in the United States of America (USA), comparing disparities within each location, and between countries. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) in the USA and Spanish Town Cohort (STC) in Jamaica...
February 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222353/clogging-in-permeable-concrete-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Alalea Kia, Hong S Wong, Christopher R Cheeseman
Permeable concrete (or "pervious concrete" in North America) is used to reduce local flooding in urban areas and is an important sustainable urban drainage system. However, permeable concrete exhibits reduction in permeability due to clogging by particulates, which severely limits service life. This paper reviews the clogging mechanism and current mitigating strategies in order to inform future research needs. The pore structure of permeable concrete and characteristics of flowing particulates influence clogging, which occurs when particles build-up and block connected porosity...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222127/unusual-pattern-of-chikungunya-virus-epidemic-in-the-americas-the-panamanian-experience
#19
Jean-Paul Carrera, Yamilka Díaz, Bernardino Denis, Itza Barahona de Mosca, Dennys Rodriguez, Israel Cedeño, Dimelza Arauz, Publio González, Lizbeth Cerezo, Lourdes Moreno, Lourdes García, Lisseth E Sáenz, María Aneth Atencio, Eddy Rojas-Fermin, Fernando Vizcaino, Nicolas Perez, Brechla Moreno, Sandra López-Vergès, Anayansi Valderrama, Blas Armién
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) typically causes explosive epidemics of fever, rash and polyarthralgia after its introduction into naïve populations. Since its introduction in Panama in May of 2014, few autochthonous cases have been reported; most of them were found within limited outbreaks in Panama City in 2014 and Puerto Obaldia town, near the Caribbean border with Colombia in 2015. In order to confirm that Panama had few CHIKV cases compared with neighboring countries, we perform an epidemiological analysis of chikungunya cases reported from May 2014 to July 2015...
February 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221822/clinical-characteristics-and-spatial-distribution-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-children-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-an-emerging-focus-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-brazil
#20
Patricia Rodrigues Naufal Spir, Luiz Euribel Prestes-Carneiro, Elivelton Silva Fonseca, Aline Dayse, Rogério Giuffrida, Lourdes Aparecida Zampieri D'Andrea
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an emerging zoonosis, and Brazil harbors about 90% of those infected in Latin America. Since 1998, the disease has been spreading quickly in São Paulo state, and the western region is considered an emerging focus of VL in Brazil. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical characteristics and spatial distribution of VL in children referred to a public tertiary hospital located in the western region of São Paulo state, Brazil. METHODS: Medical records of children up to 18 years of age who were diagnosed with VL between January 2006 and December 2010 were reviewed...
February 21, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
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