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Competency based curriculum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424551/interprofessional-education-for-internationally-educated-health-professionals-an-environmental-scan
#1
REVIEW
Mubashir Arain, Esther Suter, Sara Mallinson, Shelanne L Hepp, Siegrid Deutschlander, Shyama Dilani Nanayakkara, Elizabeth Louise Harrison, Grace Mickelson, Lesley Bainbridge, Ruby E Grymonpre
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this environmental scan was to identify Western Canadian interprofessional education (IPE) resources that currently exist for internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs). METHODOLOGY: A web-based search was conducted to identify learning resources meeting defined inclusion criteria with a particular focus on the resources available in the Western Canadian provinces. Information was extracted using a standardized template, and we contacted IEHP programs for additional information if necessary...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418816/safe-and-competent-opioid-prescribing-education-increasing-dissemination-with-a-train-the-trainers-program
#2
Lara Zisblatt, Sean M Hayes, Patrice Lazure, Ilana Hardesty, Julie L White, Daniel P Alford
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence of prescription opioid misuse, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) requiring manufacturers of extended-release/long-acting (ER/LA) opioids to fund continuing education based on an FDA curricular Blueprint. This paper describes the Safe and Competent Opioid Prescribing Education (SCOPE of Pain) Train-the-Trainers program and its impact on 1) disseminating the SCOPE of Pain curriculum and 2) knowledge, confidence, attitudes, and performance of the participants of trainer-led compared to expert-led meetings...
April 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406109/assessment-of-community-based-training-of-medical-undergraduates-development-and-validation-of-a-competency-based-questionnaire
#3
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
BACKGROUND: The global shift toward competency-based education and assessment is also applicable to community-based training (CBT) of undergraduate medical students. There is a need for a tool to assess competencies related to CBT. This study aimed to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach to evaluate CBT of medical undergraduates. METHODS: A preliminary draft of the questionnaire was prepared by the investigators based on a conceptual framework. Using the Delphi technique, this draft was further developed by a specialist panel (n = 8) into a self-administered questionnaire...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403851/making-connections-across-silos-intimate-partner-violence-mental-health-and-substance-use
#4
Robin Mason, Marni Wolf, Susan O'Rinn, Gabrielle Ene
BACKGROUND: Untold numbers of women worldwide are survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV) with a substantial number of these experiencing co-occurring mental health and substance use problems. Despite the complex interconnections among these problems, funding mechanisms and organizational structures and mandates have been designed to address just a single, focal problem. One of the challenges for frontline providers is the lack of effective, evidence-informed inter-professional education or training to help them identify and appropriately respond to co-occurring problems...
April 12, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398984/experiences-of-pre-licensure-or-pre-registration-health-professional-students-and-their-educators-in-working-with-intra-professional-teams-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#5
Diane L Butcher, Karen MacKinnon, Anne Bruce, Carol Gordon, Clare Koning
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional initiatives are prevalent in the healthcare landscape, requiring professionals to collaborate effectively to provide quality patient care. Little attention has been given to intra-professional relationships, where professionals within one disciplinary domain (such as degree and diploma nursing students) collaborate to provide care. New care models are being introduced where baccalaureate and diploma students of a particular discipline (such as nursing, occupational therapy, dentistry or physiotherapy) work closely together in teams to deliver care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395848/-development-of-a-pharmacological-curriculum-for-general-practice-identifying-and-prescribing-orally-administered-pharmacological-substances-with-relevance-for-general-practice
#6
Cornelia Straßner, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Elisabeth Flum, Simon Schwill, Bettina Brandt, Jost Steinhäuser
BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) are among the specialists who prescribe the highest number of medication. Therefore the improvement of pharmacological competencies is an important part of the GP specialist training. The self-concept of general practice stating that GPs are the first contact persons for all health problems makes it challenging to define and acquire competencies for specialist training. While the "Competence-based Curriculum" developed by the German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians defines diagnoses, reasons for counselling and competencies which are essential for general practice, a similar orientation guide is lacking for the pharmacological field...
April 5, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395588/health-promotion-in-medical-education-lessons-from-a-major-undergraduate-curriculum-implementation
#7
Ann Wylie, Kathleen Leedham-Green
Despite the economic, environmental and patient-related imperatives to prepare medical students to become health promoting doctors, health promotion remains relatively deprioritised in medical curricula. This paper uses an in-depth case study of a health promotion curriculum implementation at a large UK medical school to provide insights into the experiences of teachers and learners across a range of topics, pedagogies, and teaching & assessment modalities. Topics included smoking cessation, behavioural change approaches to obesity, exercise prescribing, social prescribing, maternal and child health, public and global health; with pedagogies ranging from e-learning to practice-based project work...
April 10, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394736/what-do-providers-want-to-know-about-opioid-prescribing-a-qualitative-analysis-of-their-questions
#8
Phoebe A Cushman, Jane M Liebschutz, Joseph G Hodgkin, Christopher W Shanahan, Julie L White, Ilana Hardesty, Daniel P Alford
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) responded to the opioid crisis with a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy, requiring manufacturers of extended-release/long-acting opioids to fund continuing medical education based on the "FDA Blueprint for Prescriber Education." Topics in the Blueprint are "Assessing Patients for Treatment," "Initiating Therapy, Modifying Dosing, and Discontinuing Use," "Managing Therapy," "Counseling Patients and Caregivers about Safe Use," "General Drug Information," and "Specific Drug Information...
April 10, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385174/take-home-training-in-laparoscopy
#9
Ebbe Thinggaard
When laparoscopy was first introduced, skills were primarily taught using the apprenticeship model. A limitation of this method when compared to open surgery, was that it requires more time to practise and more frequent learning opportunities in clinical practice. The unique set of skills required in laparoscopy highlighted the need for new training methods that reduce the need for supervision and do not put the patient at risk. Simulation training was developed to meet this need. The overall purpose of this thesis was to explore simulation-based laparoscopic training at home...
April 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381716/the-future-of-pharmaceutical-education-based-on-our-experience-of-medical-education
#10
Rika Moriya
 We have experienced a series of big revolutions in medical education in Japan. In undergraduate courses, common guidelines had been established for medical education (the model core-curriculum of medical education). Then, from 2005, a standard achievement testing system [objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) and computer based testing (CBT)] was begun, and clinical clerkships were accordingly promoted. In post-graduate courses, a new clinical resident training system was initiated in 2004, and there are currently approximately 40000 clinical instructors nationwide...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379932/toward-an-optimal-pedagogy-for-teamwork
#11
Mark A Earnest, Jason Williams, Eva M Aagaard
Teamwork and collaboration are increasingly listed as core competencies for undergraduate health professions education. Despite the clear mandate for teamwork training, the optimal method for providing that training is much less certain. In this Perspective, the authors propose a three-level classification of pedagogical approaches to teamwork training based on the presence of two key learning factors: interdependent work and explicit training in teamwork. In this classification framework, level 1-minimal team learning-is where learners work in small groups but neither of the key learning factors is present...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370354/how-evidence-from-observing-attending-physicians-links-to-a-competency-based-framework
#12
Maria Bacchus, David R Ward, Jill de Grood, Jane B Lemaire
CONTEXT: Competency-based medical education frameworks are often founded on a combination of existing research, educational principles and expert consensus. Our objective was to examine how components of the attending physician role, as determined by observing preceptors during their real-world work, link to the CanMEDS Physician Competency Framework. METHODS: This is a sub-study of a broader study exploring the role of the attending physician by observing these doctors during their working day...
March 30, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365616/the-new-uk-internal-medicine-curriculum%C3%A2
#13
David Black
Reform of physician education is needed to meet the needs of patients, based on comorbidities, chronic disease management and complexity. The Joint Royal Colleges of Physicians Training Board has developed a new internal medicine curriculum for physician training that aims to not only deliver this expectation, but will simplify competency-based education, smooth the transition to the medical registrar role and hopefully fill some of the current empty funded training posts. However, the change process is complex and requires close working with the General Medical Council and other partners in curriculum delivery...
April 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363607/end-of-rotation-examinations-in-canadian-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-residency-programs-the-perspectives-of-faculty-members-and-residents
#14
Lynn Sterling, Kelsey Mills, Donna Steele, Heather Shapiro
The Royal College Competence by Design curriculum in obstetrics and gynaecology will launch in 2019, and it will depend heavily on multiple tools for accurate resident assessment. Several Canadian obstetrics and gynaecology residency programs use rotation-specific examinations at the end of various rotations for formative feedback. The obstetrics and gynaecology residency program at the University of Toronto adopted end-of-rotation examinations (EOREs) in 2014. We conducted a national survey to assess the current use of EOREs across Canada and to examine the attitudes and beliefs of residents and program directors regarding their use...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359724/tutor-led-teaching-of-procedural-skills-in-the-skills-lab-complexity-relevance-and-teaching-competence-from-the-medical-teacher-tutor-and-student-perspective
#15
Jan Lauter, Sylvie Branchereau, Wolfgang Herzog, Till Johannes Bugaj, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: In current medical curricula, the transfer of procedural skills has received increasing attention. Skills lab learning and tutor-led teaching have become an inherent part of all medical curricula at German medical faculties. In 2011, the initial basis for the classification of clinical skills in medical school was created by the German Association for Medical Education (GMA) Committee's consensus statement on procedural skills. As a recommendation for medical curricula, the National Competency-based Catalogue of Learning Objectives (NKLM, 2015) lists procedural skills according to their curriculum integration and competency level...
March 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347300/students-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-teaching-and-assessment-of-evidence-based-practice-in-an-occupational-therapy-professional-master-s-curriculum-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Aliki Thomas, Lu Han, Brittony P Osler, Emily A Turnbull, Erin Douglas
BACKGROUND: Most health professions, including occupational therapy, have made the application of evidence-based practice a desired competency and professional responsibility. Despite the increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice for improving patient outcomes, there are numerous research-practice gaps in the health professions. In addition to efforts aimed at promoting evidence-based practice with clinicians, there is a strong impetus for university programs to design curricula that will support the development of the knowledge, attitudes, skills and behaviours associated with evidence-based practice...
March 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344694/addressing-gaps-in-physician-knowledge-regarding-transgender-health-and-healthcare-through-medical-education
#17
Deborah McPhail, Marina Rountree-James, Ian Whetter
BACKGROUND: Transgender people (those people whose sex at birth does not "match" their felt gender identity) are a priority group for healthcare as they experience high rates of discrimination and related illnesses. Despite this, there is a trend of poor healthcare access for trans people due, in large part, to the denial of care on the part of physicians. A small body of literature is beginning to suggest that this denial of care may be due to a lack of physician knowledge as well as, in some cases, to transphobia...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342526/use-of-the-cumulative-sum-method-cusum-to-assess-the-learning-curves-of-ultrasound-guided-continuous-femoral-nerve-block
#18
A Kollmann-Camaiora, N Brogly, E Alsina, F Gilsanz
BACKGROUND: Although ultrasound is a basic competence for anaesthesia residents (AR) there is few data available on the learning process. This prospective observational study aims to assess the learning process of ultrasound-guided continuous femoral nerve block and to determine the number of procedures that a resident would need to perform in order to reach proficiency using the cumulative sum (CUSUM) method. METHODS: We recruited 19 AR without previous experience...
March 22, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341932/-cross-sectional-field-pain-medicine-q14-the-mainz-model-development-of-the-pain-medicine-curriculum-in-the-standard-study-course-at-the-university-medical-school-of-the-johannes-gutenberg-university-mainz
#19
S Kurz, H Buggenhagen, R Schwab, R Laufenberg-Feldmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following the amendment of the Medical Licensure Act (ÄAppO) in 2012, pain medicine was introduced as a mandatory subject for students during undergraduate medical training. Medical schools were required to define and to implement adequate curricular and formal teaching structures based on interdisciplinary and multiprofessional requirements according to the curriculum for pain medicine of the German Pain Society. These aspects were considered in the new interdisciplinary curriculum for pain medicine, the so-called Mainz model...
March 24, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#20
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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