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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656437/structural-correlates-of-openness-and-intellect-implications-for-the-contribution-of-personality-to-creativity
#1
Oshin Vartanian, Christopher J Wertz, Ranee A Flores, Erin L Beatty, Ingrid Smith, Kristen Blackler, Quan Lam, Rex E Jung
Openness/Intellect (i.e., openness to experience) is the Big Five personality factor most consistently associated with individual differences in creativity. Recent psychometric evidence has demonstrated that this factor consists of two distinct aspects-Intellect and Openness. Whereas Intellect reflects perceived intelligence and intellectual engagement, Openness reflects engagement with fantasy, perception, and aesthetics. We investigated the extent to which Openness and Intellect are associated with variations in brain structure as measured by cortical thickness, area, and volume (N = 185)...
April 15, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648502/social-desirability-in-spouse-ratings
#2
Vaka Vésteinsdóttir, Eva D Steingrimsdottir, Adam Joinson, Ulf-Dietrich Reips, Fanney Thorsdottir
Whether or not socially desirable responding is a cause for concern in personality assessment has long been debated. For many researchers, McCrae and Costa laid the issue to rest when they showed that correcting for socially desirable responding in self-reports did not improve the agreement with spouse ratings on the Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness to Experience Personality Inventory. However, their findings rest on the assumption that observer ratings in general, and spouse ratings in particular, are an unbiased external criterion...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604214/novelty-seeking-is-linked-to-openness-and-extraversion-and-can-lead-to-greater-creative-performance
#3
Małgorzata A Gocłowska, Simone M Ritter, Andrew J Elliot, Matthijs Baas
OBJECTIVE: Novelty seeking (the tendency to explore things novel and unfamiliar) has been extensively researched in the clinical and health domains, but its effects on creative performance are largely unknown. We examined whether creativity-related personality traits (openness to experience and extraversion) associate with novelty seeking, and whether novelty seeking is linked to, and facilitates, creativity. METHOD: In Study 1a (N = 230, Mage = 20, 64% females) and Study 1b (N = 421, Mage = 19, 65% females) we measured extraversion, openness to experience, novelty seeking, and divergent thinking...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587725/associations-between-emotional-intelligence-empathy-and-personality-in-japanese-medical-students
#4
Keiko Abe, Masayuki Niwa, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: It is known that empathic communication is important for physicians to achieve higher patient satisfaction and health outcomes. Emotional intelligence (EI), empathy and personality in medical students predict students' individual disposition and their emotional and empathic perceptions. This study aimed to investigate: 1) The association between empathy, EI and personality, and 2) Gender differences in the association between empathy, EI and personality. METHOD: Participants were 357 1st year medical students from 2008 to 2011 at one medical school in Japan...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580271/local-adaptation-in-european-populations-affected-the-genetics-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-behavioral-traits
#5
Renato Polimanti, Manfred H Kayser, Joel Gelernter
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have used genome-wide data to investigate evolutionary mechanisms related to behavioral phenotypes, identifying widespread signals of positive selection. Here, we conducted a genome-wide investigation to study whether the molecular mechanisms involved in these traits were affected by local adaptation. METHODS: We performed a polygenic risk score analysis in a sample of 2455 individuals from 23 European populations with respect to variables related to geo-climate diversity, pathogen diversity, and language phonological complexity...
March 26, 2018: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547799/personality-profiles-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions
#6
Noam Zilberman, Gal Yadid, Yaniv Efrati, Yehuda Neumark, Yuri Rassovsky
Substance-related and behavioral addictions are extremely prevalent and represent a major public health concern. In the ongoing attempt to understand the addictive personality, contradictory results have arisen from studies that have explored personality traits in different addiction populations. The diversity across addiction types suggests that some of these inconsistencies stem from distinct personalities underlying each addiction. The present study compares the personality profiles of several addictions, representing both substance (drugs and alcohol) and behavioral (gambling and sex) subtypes...
March 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540247/alcohol-use-and-personality-trait-change-pooled-analysis-of-six-cohort-studies
#7
Christian Hakulinen, Markus Jokela
BACKGROUND: Personality has been associated with alcohol use, but less is known about how alcohol use may influence long-term personality trait change. METHODS: The present study examines associations between alcohol use and change in the five major personality traits across two measurement occasions (mean follow-up of 5.6 years). A total of 39 722 participants (54% women) were pooled from six cohort studies for an individual-participant meta-analysis. Alcohol use was measured as (1) average alcohol consumption, (2) frequency of binge drinking, (3) symptoms of alcohol use disorder, and (4) a global indicator of risky alcohol use...
March 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522380/medical-specialty-choice-and-well-being-at-work-physician-s-personality-as-a-moderator
#8
Sari Mullola, Christian Hakulinen, David Gimeno Ruiz de Porras, Justin Presseau, Markus Jokela, Jukka Vänskä, Tiina Paunio, Marko Elovainio
We examined whether physicians' personality traits moderate the association between medical specialty and well-being at work. Nationally representative sample of Finnish physicians (n = 2,815; 65% women; aged 25 to 72 years in 2015) was used. Personality was assessed with the shortened Big Five Inventory. Indicators of well-being at work were measured with scales from Work Ability Index, General Health Questionnaire, Jenkins' Sleep Problems Scale and Suicidal Ideation. Higher extraversion, openness to experience and agreeableness showed as personality traits beneficial for higher well-being at work among person-oriented specialties whereas higher conscientiousness but lower openness and agreeableness showed as personality traits beneficial for higher well-being at work among technique-oriented specialties...
March 9, 2018: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517394/influencing-factors-of-attitudes-toward-seeking-professional-help-for-mental-illness-among-korean-adults
#9
Subin Park, Mina Jeon, Yeeun Lee, Young-Mi Ko, Chul Eung Kim
OBJECTIVES: Identifying predictors of psychological help-seeking attitudes is essential to improve access to needed mental health services. We investigated factors - particularly Big Five personality traits - that affect attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help for mental illness among Korean adults. METHODS: A total of 654 participants aged 15-54 years were recruited through an online panel survey. Help-seeking attitudes for mental illness were measured by the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale (ATSPPH), and personality traits were measured by the Big Five Personality Inventory-10...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505390/borderline-personality-disorder-associations-between-dimensional-personality-profiles-and-self-destructive-behaviors
#10
Katharina Kolbeck, Steffen Moritz, Julia Bierbrodt, Christina Andreou
Ongoing research is shifting towards a dimensional understanding of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Aim of this study was to identify personality profiles in BPD that are predictive of self-destructive behaviors. Personality traits were assessed (n = 130) according to the five-factor model of personality (i.e., Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness) and an additional factor called Risk Preference. Self-destructive behavior parameters such as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and other borderline typical dyscontrolled behaviors (e...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497186/posttraumatic-growth-and-its-correlates-in-primary-caregivers-of-schizophrenic-patients
#11
Ozlem Devrim Balaban, Menekse Sila Yazar, Erkan Aydin, Ruken Agachanli, Huseyin Yumrukcal
Context: The concept of posttraumatic growth (PTG) is important to focus on positive outcomes of a challenging process like caregiving. Aims: The aim of the present study is to investigate the factors inclusively considered to be related to PTG in primary caregivers of schizophrenic patients. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted with caregivers of patients with schizophrenia between January 2013 and February 2014 at a mental health hospital...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493478/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-supero-lateral-branch-of-the-medial-forebrain-bundle-does-not-lead-to-changes-in-personality-in-patients-suffering-from-severe-depression
#12
Bettina H Bewernick, Hannah M Kilian, Klaudius Schmidt, Ruth E Reinfeldt, Sarah Kayser, Volker A Coenen, Sebastian Markett, Thomas E Schlaepfer
BACKGROUND: Reports of changes in patients' social behavior during deep brain stimulation (DBS) raised the question whether DBS induces changes in personality. This study explored if (1) DBS is associated with changes in personality in patients suffering from treatment-resistant depression (TRD), (2) how personality dimensions and depression are associated, and (3) if TRD patients' self-ratings of personality are valid. METHODS: TRD patients were assessed before DBS (n = 30), 6 months (t2, n = 21), 2 (t3, n = 17) and 5 years (t4, n = 11) after the initiation of DBS of the supero-lateral branch of the medial forebrain bundle (slMFB-DBS)...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488108/personality-correlates-of-self-injury-in-adolescent-girls-disentangling-the-effects-of-lifetime-psychopathology
#13
Greg Perlman, Molly Gromatsky, Kate Lee Salis, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
Adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (aNSSI) is associated with abnormal scores on personality traits, such as high neuroticism. However, no studies to date have examined personality facets of self-injury in a cohort younger than college-age. Plus, adolescent psychopathologies, especially Depressive Disorders, are associated with a similar personality profile and are highly comorbid with aNSSI. Consequently, it remains unclear whether personality provides insights about aNSSI in youth beyond that due to underlying psychopathology...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468890/a-systematic-review-of-the-traits-and-cognitions-associated-with-use-of-and-belief-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam
#14
Niall Galbraith, Tim Moss, Victoria Galbraith, Satvinder Purewal
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is widespread despite the controversy over its effectiveness. Although previous reviews have examined the demographics and attitudes of CAM users, there is no existing review on the traits or cognitions which characterise either CAM users or those who believe in CAM effectiveness. The current systematic review set out to address these gaps in the literature by applying a narrative synthesis. A bibliographic search and manual searches were undertaken and key authors were contacted...
February 22, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467686/the-role-of-personality-in-daily-food-allergy-experiences
#15
Tamlin S Conner, Miranda Mirosa, Phil Bremer, Rana Peniamina
Food allergies present numerous challenges to coping in everyday life. Even simple things like planning a lunch with a friend can be stressful for people with food allergies. But are some people more adversely impacted by having a food allergy than other people? This paper addressed this question by investigating whether individual differences in the Big Five personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) are related to food allergy-related problems in everyday life among adults with food allergies...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465570/transmissibility-and-familiality-of-neo-personality-dimensions-in-a-sample-of-korean-families-with-schizophrenia
#16
Soo Yeon Kim, Byung Dae Lee, Je Min Park, Young Min Lee, Eunsoo Moon, Hee Jeong Jeong, Young In Chung
Categorical syndromes such as schizophrenia may represent complexes of many continuous psychological structural phenotypes along several dimensions of personality development/degeneration. The present study investigated the heritability and familiality of Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness to experience (NEO) personality dimensions in Korean families with schizophrenic linkage disequilibrium (LD).We have recruited 204 probands (with schizophrenia) with their parents and siblings whenever possible. We have used NEO questionnaires for measuring personality and symptomatic dimensions...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452416/early-and-midlife-predictors-of-wisdom-and-subjective-well-being-in-old-age
#17
Monika Ardelt, Kathryn R Gerlach, George E Vaillant
Objectives: We explored whether wisdom and well-being in old age are the result of early personality traits related to personality growth or personality adjustment, respectively, or successful human development as outlined by Erikson's stage theory and the life course paradigm. Method: Structural equation models were applied to analyze 60-year longitudinal data of 98 white male Harvard graduates born between 1915 and 1924. Different sets of judges rated the men's childhood and adolescence, early adult personality, and midlife generativity...
February 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361852/open-to-exploration-association-of-personality-factors-with-complementary-therapy-use-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#18
Kirsti I Toivonen, Rie Tamagawa, Michael Speca, Joanne Stephen, Linda E Carlson
PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors seek complementary therapies (CTs) to improve their quality of life. While it is well-known that women who are younger, more highly educated, and have higher incomes are more likely to use CTs, individual differences such as personality factors have been largely unexplored as predictors of CT use. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of a larger study, 270 women with stage I to III breast cancer completed self-report measures of demographic and illness-related information, personality variables, and use of several different types of CTs...
January 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353281/the-effectiveness-of-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-intervention-in-persons-with-arterial-hypertension-and-obesity-a-key-role-of-the-patients-personality-profile
#19
Alicja Kucharska, Mariusz Jaworski, Mariusz Panczyk, Magdalena Pilska, Danuta Gajewska, Joanna Niegowska
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Benefits resulting from weight loss and dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet in the treatment of arterial hypertension led to a search for a better therapy that would include psychological factors. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between the personality traits included in the Big Five personality traits and the effectiveness of treatment for weight loss in patients with essential hypertension and excessive body weight. METHODS: The study involved 84 patients with essential hypertension, overweight or obesity, managed by a hypertensiologist...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350316/influence-of-personality-and-motivation-on-oral-presentation-performance
#20
Hsin-Yi Liang, Brent Kelsen
Personality and motivation have been identified as influential variables associated with foreign language learning; however, few studies have investigated their effect on oral presentations. This study addresses the importance of both personality and motivation in students' collaborative oral presentation performance. A Big Five personality trait questionnaire measuring Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to Experience, together with the Collaborative Inquiry-based Project Questionnaire measuring Task, Project Work, Reinforcement, Social Learning and Social Pressure motivational constructs were employed to evaluate 257 university students...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
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