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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813330/personality-and-performance-moving-beyond-the-big-5
#1
REVIEW
Ross Roberts, Tim Woodman
In this review, we examine the literature in relation to personality and performance. Much of the extant work in this area has focused on the role of the Big 5 traits (i.e., extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, agreeableness, and neuroticism), at the expense of other personality variables that have a strong performance-focused rationale. Further, a focus on main effects has dominated the literature, without recourse to consider person×environment interactions. In this review we go beyond the Big 5 and consider the role of two personality traits, narcissism and alexithymia, in relation to performance...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800511/the-serotonin-transporter-promoter-variant-5-httlpr-and-childhood-adversity-are-associated-with-the-personality-trait-openness-to-experience
#2
Md Shafiqur Rahman, Peter Guban, Mei Wang, Philippe A Melas, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
There is evidence supporting an association between the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and the Five Factor Model (FFM) of human personality. 5-HTTLPR has also been found to interact with stressful life events to increase risk of psychopathology. In the present study, by taking into account stressful life events in the form of childhood adversity, we examined the association between 5-HTTLPR and FFM traits using an adult Swedish cohort (N = 3112). We found that 5-HTTLPR was significantly associated with openness (to experience)...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799889/individual-and-social-correlates-of-aggressive-behavior-in-lebanese-undergraduates-the-role-of-trait-emotional-intelligence
#3
Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz, Amal Baaklini
This study investigates the relationship between Aggressive Behavior and individual factors, namely trait Emotional Intelligence, personality dimensions, emotion regulation and self-worth, as well as social factors, namely accepting/rejecting parenting styles and exposure to violence. The sample consisted of 252 university students in Lebanon (154 females), from 16 to 30 years old. Results from hierarchical regression analyses (controlling for age and gender and in the presence of social and individual predictors) showed that the Self-control and Emotionality factors of trait Emotional Intelligence were significant negative predictors of Aggressive Behavior while controlling for age and gender, and in the presence of social and individual predictors)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769824/relationship-between-personality-traits-and-nicotine-dependence-in-male-and-female-smokers-of-african-american-and-european-american-samples
#4
Jung-Seok Choi, Thomas J Payne, Jennie Z Ma, Ming D Li
AIMS: Personality characteristics are linked to nicotine dependence (ND). It remains unclear whether these factors differ across African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) male and female smokers. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between personality traits and smoking status, as well as the degree of ND, in AA and EA male and female samples. METHODS: A total of 5,040 participants (AA: N = 3,737, female = 54.31%; EA: N = 1,313, female = 64...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746388/the-role-of-personality-in-health-care-use-results-of-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-germany
#5
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of personality in health care use longitudinally. METHODS: Data were derived from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of German households starting in 1984. Concentrating on the role of personality, we used data from the years 2005, 2009 and 2013. Personality was measured by using the GSOEP Big Five Inventory (BFI-S). Number of physician visits in the last 3 months and hospital stays in the last year were used as measures of health care use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732750/personality-predicts-the-vibrancy-of-colour-imagery-the-case-of-synaesthesia
#6
Shyla R Hossain, Julia Simner, Alberta Ipser
In this study we show that personality traits predict the physical qualities of mentally generated colours, using the case of synaesthesia. Developmental grapheme-colour synaesthetes have the automatic lifelong association of colours paired to letters or digits. Although these colours are internal mental constructs, they can be measured along physical dimensions such as saturation and luminance. The personality of synaesthetes can also be quantified using self-report questionnaires relating, for example, to the five major traits of Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience...
July 1, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707387/effects-of-nurses-personality-traits-and-their-environmental-characteristics-on-their-workplace-learning-and-nursing-competence
#7
Miyuki Takase, Masako Yamamoto, Yoko Sato
AIM: A good fit between an individual's personality traits and job characteristics motivates employees, and thus enhances their work behavior. However, how nurses' personality traits and their environmental characteristics relate to nurses' engagement in workplace learning, which improves their competence, has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate how nurses' personality traits, environmental characteristics, and workplace learning were related to nursing competence...
July 13, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690582/decreased-openness-to-experience-is-associated-with-migraine-type-headaches-in-subjects-with-lifetime-depression
#8
Mate Magyar, Xenia Gonda, Dorottya Pap, Andrea Edes, Attila Galambos, Daniel Baksa, Natalia Kocsel, Edina Szabo, Gyorgy Bagdy, Rebecca Elliott, Gyongyi Kokonyei, Gabriella Juhasz
INTRODUCTION: Migraine and depression frequently occur as comorbid conditions, and it has been hypothesized that migraine with and without depression may have a different genetic background. A distinct personality trait constellation has been described in migraineurs. Less attention, however, was paid to personality differences in migraineurs with and without depression which may also shed light on differences in the neurobiological, background. The aim of our study was to investigate big five personality traits, headaches, and lifetime depression (DEP) in a large European general population sample...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690574/an-experimental-study-on-the-attribution-of-personality-traits-to-bullies-and-targets-in-a-workplace-setting
#9
Ståle Pallesen, Morten B Nielsen, Nils Magerøy, Cecilie S Andreassen, Ståle Einarsen
Previous studies on the personality of bullies and targets have exclusively been based on self-report. Against this backdrop we conducted a between group experimental vignette study with three conditions, describing a bully, a target and a control, respectively. Students (n = 242) were recruited as participants and rated the target on the observer rating version of the NEO Five Factor Inventory-Revised reflecting the personality dimensions Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness to experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689270/spiritual-openness-revisiting-a-potentially-important-aspect-of-spirituality-scale-review-and-revision
#10
Joshua C Eyer, Shweta Kapoor, Martha A Combs, Emberly M Jay, Beverly E Thorn
Religiousness and spirituality (R/S) exert important influences on individuals across a range of domains. Spiritual Openness is theoretically linked with the personality trait of Openness to Experience, suggesting promise for future research. Using responses from 366 undergraduates on the Spiritual Experience Index-Revised (SEI-R: subscales of Spiritual Openness and Spiritual Support), analyses evaluated and revised the SEI-R, deleting poor items and generating a 10-item measure. The new SEI-S exhibits better psychometric properties and reduced participant burden, and subscales displayed a curvilinear relationship in which increases in Spiritual Openness showed a trade-off in levels of Spiritual Support...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657783/big-five-personality-traits-of-cybercrime-victims
#11
Steve G A van de Weijer, E Rutger Leukfeldt
The prevalence of cybercrime has increased rapidly over the last decades and has become part of the everyday life of citizens. It is, therefore, of great importance to gain more knowledge on the factors related to an increased or decreased likelihood of becoming a cybercrime victim. The current study adds to the existing body of knowledge using a large representative sample of Dutch individuals (N = 3,648) to study the relationship between cybercrime victimization and the key traits from the Big Five model of personality (i...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647925/psychobehavioral-effects-of-meditation
#12
Mieczyslaw Pokorski, Anna Suchorzynska
Meditation is an increasingly popular psychobehavioral therapy. Various meditation techniques in use make it hard to objectively scrutinize the psychological benefits. Therefore, in this study we set out to examine the effects of two fundamentally different meditative techniques, Zazen, 'seated meditation', in which the body and mind are calmed, and Tai Chi, 'meditation in motion', based on energetic martial art performance. The aim was to compare the effects of both techniques on personality structure, emotional intelligence, mood, and coping with stress...
June 25, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646503/personality-change-across-the-lifespan-insights-from-a-cross-cultural-longitudinal-study
#13
William J Chopik, Shinobu Kitayama
OBJECTIVE: Personality traits are characterized by both stability and change across the lifespan. Many of the mechanisms hypothesized to cause personality change (e.g., the timing of various social roles, physical health, and cultural values) differ considerably across culture. Moreover, personality consistency is valued highly in Western societies, but less so in non-Western societies. Few studies have examined how personality changes differently across cultures. METHOD: We employed a multi-level modeling approach to examine age-related changes in Big Five personality traits in two large panel studies of Americans (n = 6,259; Mage = 46...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632091/a-phenomenological-study-of-romantic-love-for-women-in-late-life
#14
Teresa J Moore, Joanni L Sailor
Romantic love in late life is often beneficial, though not without challenges. Financial concerns and objections of adult children can interfere with a late-life individual's decision to commit to a romantic relationship. In this study, the experience of romantic love for women who enter committed relationships in later life was examined. Fourteen women between the ages of 65 and 84 who had lived the experience of romantic love in late life were interviewed. By using Moustakas's qualitative Transcendental Phenomenological method, several themes emerged to provide a description of the phenomena...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631526/lifetime-experience-with-classic-psychedelics-predicts-pro-environmental-behavior-through-an-increase-in-nature-relatedness
#15
Matthias Forstmann, Christina Sagioglou
In a large-scale ( N = 1487) general population online study, we investigated the relationship between past experience with classic psychedelic substances (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline), nature relatedness, and ecological behavior (e.g. saving water, recycling). Using structural equation modeling we found that experience with classic psychedelics uniquely predicted self-reported engagement in pro-environmental behaviors, and that this relationship was statistically explained by people's degree of self-identification with nature...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610454/genetic-polymorphisms-of-alcohol-metabolizing-enzymes-and-their-association-with-alcoholism-risk-personality-and-anthropometric-traits-among-malaysian-university-students
#16
Hing-Huat Ong, Foong-Vai Khor, Kausalyah Balasupramaniam, Yee-How Say
Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in alcohol-metabolizing genes - ADH1B (Arg47His), ADH1C (Ile350Val) and ALDH2 (Glu504Lys) have been extensively associated with flush reaction and alcoholism. Therefore, we investigated the association of these three SNPs with alcohol-induced reactions (AIRs), alcoholism risk, personality and anthropometric traits among Malaysian university students. AIRs, Self-Rating of the Effects of Alcohol (SRE) and Ten-Item Personality were surveyed, anthropometric measurements and DNA samples were taken...
June 14, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606500/is-there-a-specific-psychiatric-background-or-personality-profile-in-functional-dystonia
#17
Aleksandra Tomić, Igor Petrović, Danilo Pešić, Marija Mitković Vončina, Marina Svetel, Nataša Dragašević Mišković, Aleksandra Potrebić, Dušica Lečić Toševski, Vladimir S Kostić
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify if there was a specific difference between patients with functional dystonia (DysF) and those with adult-onset, isolated idiopathic ("primary") dystonia (DysP) in terms of psychiatric disorders, psychological stressor, dissociation correlates, and personality traits. METHODS: Thirty-nine clinically definite DysF and 30 DysP patients matched by age, gender and dystonia distribution underwent psychiatric interview based on DSM-5 criteria and additional testings for global cognitive and psychiatric functions (Mini-Mental State Examination, Hamilton Depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Apathy Scale, Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire-20, Dissociative Experiences Scale II, and the five-dimensional Revised Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Personality Inventory)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603508/not-all-selfies-took-alike-distinct-selfie-motivations-are-related-to-different-personality-characteristics
#18
Shir Etgar, Yair Amichai-Hamburger
Selfies have become a frequent and commonplace occurrence, though the reasons which lead people to take selfies remain unclear. This research explores what motivates selfie taking, and suggests that this is not a uniform phenomenon and varying motivations may be found among selfie takers. In addition, the connection between these distinct selfie motivations and personality characteristics, including the big five, narcissism, and self-esteem, as well as types of selfie behaviors are examined. At the first stage of the research, 117 participants filled out a questionnaire dealing with their reasons for taking selfies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557472/openness-to-experience-and-culture-openness-transactions-across-the-lifespan
#19
Ted Schwaba, Maike Luhmann, Jaap J A Denissen, Joanne M Chung, Wiebke Bleidorn
We examined the life span development of openness to experience and tested whether change in this personality trait was associated with change in cultural activity, such as attending the opera or visiting museums. Data came from the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Study for the Social Sciences panel, which includes 5 personality assessments across a 7-year period of a nationally representative sample of 7,353 individuals, aged 16 to 95 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that on average, openness remained relatively stable in emerging adulthood before declining in midlife and old age...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548618/openness-to-experience-predicts-intrinsic-value-shifts-after-deliberating-one-s-own-death
#20
Mike Prentice, Tim Kasser, Kennon M Sheldon
Individual differences that might moderate processes of value shifting during and after deliberating one's own death remain largely unexplored. Two studies measured participants' openness and relative intrinsic-to-extrinsic value orientation (RIEVO) before randomly assigning them to conditions in which they wrote about their own death or dental pain for 6 days, after which RIEVO was assessed again up to 12 days later. When participants confronted thoughts about their own death over a sustained period, high openness to experience helped them shift toward intrinsic values...
May 26, 2017: Death Studies
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