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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491269/curve-appeal-exploring-individual-differences-in-preference-for-curved-versus-angular-objects
#1
Katherine N Cotter, Paul J Silvia, Marco Bertamini, Letizia Palumbo, Oshin Vartanian
A preference for smooth curvature, as opposed to angularity, is a well-established finding for lines, two-dimensional shapes, and complex objects, but little is known about individual differences. We used two-dimensional black-and-white shapes-randomly generated irregular polygons, and arrays of circles and hexagons-and measured many individual differences, including artistic expertise, personality, and cognitive style. As expected, people preferred curved over angular stimuli, and people's degree of curvature preference correlated across the two sets of shapes...
March 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452643/the-effects-of-the-more-wisdom-resources-on-spousal-caregivers-life-satisfaction-an-application-of-the-resilience-model
#2
Seungyoun Kim, Bob G Knight
OBJECTIVES: Models of resilience suggest that psychosocial resources and their interactions facilitate resilience while experiencing life challenges of caregiving. The MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, Reflective attitude, and Emotion regulation) have been suggested as possible personal resources of resilience that predict positive health outcomes of caregivers. Applying a model of resilience, this study examined the direct and indirect effects of the three of the MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, and Emotion regulation) on caregiving spouses' life satisfaction and perceived physical health...
July 7, 2016: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435270/relationship-between-hypnosis-and-personality-trait-in-participants-with-high-or-low-hypnotic-susceptibility
#3
Yingchun Zhang, Yunke Wang, Chanchan Shen, Yingying Ye, Si Shen, Bingren Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Wei Chen, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between normal personality and hypnotic susceptibility is important for understanding mental processing and mental disorders, but it is less consistent in normal people or in patients with a psychiatric disorder. We have hypothesized that the correlation exists but varies in individuals with different levels of hypnotizability. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We invited 72 individuals with high (HIGH group) and 47 individuals with low (LOW group) hypnotic susceptibilities to undertake tests of NEO-PI-R and the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form C (SHSSC)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425882/associations-between-the-big-five-personality-traits-and-a-medical-school-admission-interview
#4
Isabel Lourinho, André Moreira, Rui Mota-Cardoso, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Personality has became popular in medical student's selection. However, few research exists about the association between the big five personality traits and the existent medical school selection tools. Our aim was to study which personality traits were selected by a medical school admission interview. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred ninety four graduate applicants that had applied to the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto through the graduate entry approach, after ranked on previous achievement, were interviewed between the academic years of 2011 and 2013...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368687/self-transcendence-sexual-desire-and-sexual-frequency
#5
Rui Miguel Costa, José Pestana, David Costa
Self-forgetfulness is a facet of self-transcendence characterized by tendency to experience altered states of consciousness. We examined associations of self-forgetfulness with sexual desire and frequency. Two hundred sixty-one Portuguese men and women completed the self-forgetfulness subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised, a measure of openness to experience, and a questionnaire on desired and actual frequency of vaginal intercourse, noncoital sex, and masturbation in the past month. In simple and partial correlations controlling for openness to experience and relationship status, women's self-forgetfulness correlated with desired frequency of intercourse and noncoital sex...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364967/-does-the-french-big-five-inventory-evaluate-facets-other-than-the-big-five-factors
#6
R Courtois, J-M Petot, B Lignier, G Lecocq, O Plaisant
INTRODUCTION: The Big Five Inventory (BFI) developed by John et al. (1991) is one of the most widely accepted tools for assessing dimensions of personality. It comprises 44 items that assess five broad dimensions of personality (the Big Five Factors): Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to experience. Based on correlations with the facets described in the NEO Personality Inventory Revised (NEO PI-R), another Big Five assessment tool with 240 items and 6 facets per dimension, Soto and John (2009) showed that the dimensions in the BFI could be divided into two facets each (ten facets altogether)...
March 29, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353291/problematic-technology-use-in-a-clinical-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-personality-and-behavioral-problems-associated
#7
Cristina Alonso, Estrella Romero
INTRODUCTION: In parallel to the rapid growth of access to new technologies (NT) there has been an increase in the problematic use of the same, especially among children and adolescents. Although research in this field is increasing, the studies have mainly been developed in the community, and the characteristics associated with the problematic use of NT are unknown in samples that require clinical care. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between problematic use of video games (UPV) and Internet (UPI) and personality traits and behavior problems in a clinical sample of children and adolescents...
March 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349855/reliability-of-the-neo-five-factor-inventory-short-form-for-assessing-personality-after-stroke
#8
Toni Dwan, Tamara Ownsworth, Caroline Donovan, Ada Ho Yan Lo
BACKGROUND: It is well recognized that an individual's personality characteristics influence their psychological adjustment after stroke. However, there is a lack of research on the reliability of personality inventories for stroke. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the reliability of the Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness to Experience (NEO)-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) for assessing pre-morbid personality and personality changes after stroke. Further aims were to investigate changes in personality during the hospital-to-home transition period and examine associations between personality and mood...
March 28, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298156/a-new-admission-method-may-select-applicants-with-a-distinct-personality-profile
#9
Aya G Talmor, Amir Falk, Yaniv Almog
BACKGROUND: There is little data to suggest that a specific admission method can select students with a distinct personality profile. We have recently introduced a new admission process that combines a computerized personality test, with a single interview. The purpose of the current study was to find whether the new method selects applicants with a different personality profile and attitudes compared with the previous method. METHOD: Using a validated personality questionnaire (HEXACO) and attitudes questionnair, that were filled anonymously between November 2014 and May 2015, the authors compared two groups of students: group A comprising students accepted with the new method (first and second year) with group B comprising students accepted with the previous method (third to sixth year)...
March 15, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291977/five-factor-model-personality-profiles-the-differences-between-alcohol-and-opiate-addiction-among-females
#10
Diana Raketic, Jasmina V Barisic, Snezana M Svetozarevic, Tatjana Gazibara, Darija Kisic Tepavcevic, Srdjan D Milovanovic
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of female alcohol and substance abusers has markedly increased. The main objective of this research was to explore personality profiles among females who had alcohol and opiate dependence. AIM: The aim of the study is to analyse if there is differences in personality profiles of females addicted to alcohol and opiates. We hypothesized that there might be significant differences in personality profiles among subgroups of women who present with alcohol and opiate use disorders...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280478/an-examination-of-personality-traits-associated-with-autonomous-sensory-meridian-response-asmr
#11
Beverley Fredborg, Jim Clark, Stephen D Smith
Autonomous Sensory Meridian Response (ASMR) is a perceptual condition in which the presentation of particular audio-visual stimuli triggers intense, pleasurable tingling sensations in the head and neck regions, which may spread to the periphery of the body. These triggering stimuli are often socially intimate in nature, and usually involve repetition of movements and/or sounds (e.g., hearing whispering, watching someone brush her hair). Reports of ASMR experiences first appeared in online communities in 2010; since this time, these communities have expanded, with some groups consisting of over 100,000 members...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277701/does-personality-predict-health-and-well-being-a-metasynthesis
#12
Jason E Strickhouser, Ethan Zell, Zlatan Krizan
OBJECTIVE: To derive a robust and comprehensive estimate of the overall relation between Big Five personality traits and health variables using metasynthesis (i.e., second-order meta-analysis). METHOD: Thirty-six meta-analyses, which collectively provided 150 meta-analytic effects from over 500,000 participants, met criteria for inclusion in the metasynthesis. Information on methodological quality as well as the type of health outcome, unreliability adjustment, population sampled, health outcome source, personality source, and research design was extracted from each meta-analysis...
March 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276935/personality-and-sexual-orientation-extension-to-asexuality-and-the-hexaco-model
#13
Anthony F Bogaert, Michael C Ashton, Kibeom Lee
Previous research has examined self-identified sexual orientation in relation to self-reports on the Big Five personality factors. Here we extend this research by including asexuality as a fourth sexual orientation and by assessing the HEXACO personality factors, using self-report data from a large anonymous online sample (N ≈ 100,000). A large overlap was observed among all sexual orientation groups on all six HEXACO dimensions, but notable group differences also emerged. All nonheterosexual groups, particularly bisexual people, averaged higher in openness to experience than did heterosexuals...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275361/relationship-between-divergent-thinking-and-intelligence-an-empirical-study-of-the-threshold-hypothesis-with-chinese-children
#14
Baoguo Shi, Lijing Wang, Jiahui Yang, Mengpin Zhang, Li Xu
The threshold hypothesis is a classical and notable explanation for the relationship between creativity and intelligence. However, few empirical examinations of this theory exist, and the results are inconsistent. To test this hypothesis, this study investigated the relationship between divergent thinking (DT) and intelligence with a sample of 568 Chinese children aged between 11 and 13 years old using testing and questionnaire methods. The study focused on the breakpoint of intelligence and the moderation effect of openness on the relationship between intelligence and DT...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259799/gray-and-white-matter-correlates-of-the-big-five-personality-traits
#15
Jesús Privado, Francisco J Román, Carlota Saénz-Urturi, Miguel Burgaleta, Roberto Colom
Personality neuroscience defines the scientific study of the neurobiological basis of personality. This field assumes that individual differences in personality traits are related with structural and functional variations of the human brain. Gray and white matters are structural properties considered separately in previous research. Available findings in this regard are largely disparate. Here we analyze the relationships between gray matter (cortical thickness (CT), cortical surface area (CSA), and cortical volume) and integrity scores obtained after several white matter tracts connecting different brain regions, with individual differences in the personality traits comprised by the Five-Factor Model (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness to experience)...
March 1, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253333/personality-traits-and-ego-network-dynamics
#16
Simone Centellegher, Eduardo López, Jari Saramäki, Bruno Lepri
Strong and supportive social relationships are fundamental to our well-being. However, there are costs to their maintenance, resulting in a trade-off between quality and quantity, a typical strategy being to put a lot of effort on a few high-intensity relationships while maintaining larger numbers of less close relationships. It has also been shown that there are persistent individual differences in this pattern; some individuals allocate their efforts more uniformly across their networks, while others strongly focus on their closest relationships...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251443/wisdom-gained-assessing-relationships-between-adversity-personality-and-well-being-among-a-late-adolescent-sample
#17
Eranda Jayawickreme, Nicole W Brocato, Laura E R Blackie
How do late adolescents make sense of stressful life events they have experienced in their lives? In a sample of 1320 college students, 676 (58% White, 63% female) reported the stressful events they had experienced in their lifetime up until the present survey and indicated whether they considered each stressful event to be a turning point and/or an opportunity for wisdom. Students also completed measures of personality and well-being. We hypothesized that the tendency to interpret stressful events as turning points or opportunities for wisdom would explain the associations between three personality characteristics (Openness to Experience, Extraversion, and Emotionality) and well-being...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238826/environmental-factors-and-teenagers-personalities-the-role-of-personal-and-familial-socio-cultural-level
#18
Elisa Menardo, Giulia Balboni, Roberto Cubelli
Environmental (e.g., socio-cultural context), individual (e.g., genetic makeup), and interpersonal (e.g., caregiver-children relationships) factors can play a crucial role in shaping the development of the teenagers' personality. In this study, we focused on the Socio-Cultural Level that designates the set of preferences, knowledge, and behaviors that characterize an individual's way of life and depend on his or her cultural, social, and economic resources. We studied the relationship between Socio-Cultural Level (personal, maternal, and paternal) and Big Five personality traits of 191 teenagers living in the same geographical area...
February 24, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230383/the-interplay-between-personality-and-cognitive-ability-across-12-years-in-middle-and-late-adulthood-evidence-for-reciprocal-associations
#19
Markus Wettstein, Benjamin Tauber, Elżbieta Kuźma, Hans-Werner Wahl
Research on relationships between personality and cognitive abilities has so far resulted in inconsistent findings regarding the strength of the associations. Moreover, relationships have rarely been compared longitudinally and bidirectionally between midlife versus late-life cohorts by considering different personality traits as well as multiple cognitive domains over a long-term follow-up period. We hypothesize that the interplay between the "Big Five" personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness) and cognitive abilities (information processing speed, crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence) may change from midlife to old age due to age-associated changes in cognitive and personality plasticity...
February 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230266/who-is-a-distracted-driver-associations-between-mobile-phone-use-while-driving-domain-specific-risk-taking-and-personality
#20
Madison Sween, Andrea Ceschi, Francesco Tommasi, Riccardo Sartori, Joshua Weller
Mobile phone use while driving (MPUWD) is an increasingly common form of distracted driving. Given its widespread prevalence, it is important for researchers to identify factors that may predict who is more likely to engage in this risky behavior. The current study investigates associations between MPUWD risk behaviors, domain-specific risk perceptions, and broad personality dimensions. An Italian community sample (n = 804) completed a survey regarding MPUWD risk perceptions and engagement in MPUWD, in addition to the HEXACO-PI-R, a broad six-factor personality inventory (honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience), and the DOSPERT, a six-factor domain-specific self-report risk-taking measure (health/safety, recreational, social, ethical, gambling, and investment)...
February 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
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