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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048944/risk-factors-for-social-networking-site-scam-victimization-among-malaysian-students
#1
Grainne H Kirwan, Chris Fullwood, Brendan Rooney
Social networking sites (SNSs) can provide cybercriminals with various opportunities, including gathering of user data and login credentials to enable fraud, and directing of users toward online locations that may install malware onto their devices. The techniques employed by such cybercriminals can include clickbait (text or video), advertisement of nonexistent but potentially desirable products, and hoax competitions/giveaways. This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with falling victim to these malicious techniques...
October 19, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044555/openness-to-experience-and-adapting-to-change-cardiovascular-stress-habituation-to-change-in-acute-stress-exposure
#2
Páraic S Ó Súilleabháin, Siobhán Howard, Brian M Hughes
Underlying psychophysiological mechanisms of effect linking openness to experience to health outcomes, and particularly cardiovascular well-being, are unknown. This study examined the role of openness in the context of cardiovascular responsivity to acute psychological stress. Continuous cardiovascular response data were collected for 74 healthy young female adults across an experimental protocol, including differing counterbalanced acute stressors. Openness was measured via self-report questionnaire. Analysis of covariance revealed openness was associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP; p = ...
October 17, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040277/personality-and-achievement-along-medical-training-evidence-from-a-cross-lagged-analysis
#3
Isabel Lourinho, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
INTRODUCTION: Evidence on personality traits change implies it should be studied as an outcome and not only as an explanatory effect. Therefore, we aimed to assess how personality and academic achievement sway each other. Three cohorts of medical students (n = 181) comprised of school leavers and graduates, completed NEO-FFI when admitted (baseline) and later on medical training (follow-up). Previous achievement was measured as mean scores on national school examinations, and academic achievement as medical course average...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027200/do-personality-traits-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-migraine-an-exploration-of-the-relationships-in-young-adults-using-the-add-health-dataset
#4
Monita Karmakar, Jon D Elhai, Aliaksandr A Amialchuk, Gretchen E Tietjen
BACKGROUND: Personality traits (especially neuroticism) and childhood maltreatment have been independently related to many negative health outcomes later in life, including migraine. Studies have also shown the association between childhood maltreatment and maladaptive personality traits. The mediating role of personality traits on the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, psychological distress, and alcohol dependence has been extensively studied. However, this type of mediation has not been studied in the case of the development of migraine...
October 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016164/linking-job-relevant-personality-traits-transformational-leadership-and-job-performance-via-perceived-meaningfulness-at-work-a-moderated-mediation-model
#5
Rachel E Frieder, Gang Wang, In-Sue Oh
By integrating the fundamental principles of the theory of purposeful work behavior (TPWB; Barrick, Mount, & Li, 2013) with cognitive-affective personality system (CAPS) theory (Mischel, 1977; Mischel & Shoda, 1995), we examine how and when salespeople's job-relevant personality traits relate to their performance. We argue that individuals with personality traits that fit outdoor sales jobs (i.e., conscientious, extraversion, openness to experience) will perceive their work as more meaningful and as a result achieve heightened performance...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989732/investigating-the-association-between-social-interactions-and-personality-states-dynamics
#6
Didem Gundogdu, Ailbhe N Finnerty, Jacopo Staiano, Stefano Teso, Andrea Passerini, Fabio Pianesi, Bruno Lepri
The recent personality psychology literature has coined the name of personality states to refer to states having the same behavioural, affective and cognitive content (described by adjectives) as the corresponding trait, but for a shorter duration. The variability in personality states may be the reaction to specific characteristics of situations. The aim of our study is to investigate whether specific situational factors, that is, different configurations of face-to-face interactions, are predictors of variability of personality states in a work environment...
September 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980831/the-hexaco-personality-inventory-validation-and-psychometric-properties-in-the-serbian-language
#7
Janko Međedović, Petar Čolović, Bojana M Dinić, Snežana Smederevac
The aim of this research is to validate the HEXACO model of personality in the Serbian language through psychometric validation of the 100-item version of the HEXACO-PI-R. The research was conducted on 2 independent samples, the first comprising 1,217 participants from a community sample (55.5% females; average age = 31.77 years), and the second 345 undergraduate students (65% females; average age = 21 years). Besides the HEXACO-PI-R, 2 questionnaires were applied for the purposes of convergent validation: the Big Five Plus Two (BF+2), measuring 7 lexical personality dimensions (applied in Sample 1), and the Big Five Inventory (BFI; applied in Sample 2)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980303/openness-to-experience-and-creativity-when-does-global-citizenship-matter
#8
Viktoria Tidikis, Nora D Dunbar
The relationship between the openness to experience trait (OTE) and creativity has been well documented in previous research. Likewise, the global citizenship construct has theoretical overlap with both OTE and creativity. We hypothesised global citizenship would make a unique contribution to explaining variance in five types of creativity (self/everyday, scholarly, performance, mechanical/scientific and artistic), above and beyond the contribution of OTE. Participants were predominantly female, European American, traditionally aged college students (N = 407)...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971417/internet-addiction-of-young-greek-adults-psychological-aspects-and-information-privacy
#9
P Grammenos, N A Syrengela, E Magkos, A Tsohou
The main goal of this study is to examine the Internet addiction status of Greek young adults, aged from 18 to 25, using Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and self-administered questionnaires. In addition this paper assesses the psychological traits of addicted persons per addiction category, using the big five factor model tool to study the user's personality and analyze the components that lead a person to become Internet addicted. Furthermore, we found an association between addicted people and the five factors from the Big Five Factor Model; i...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971152/significant-correlation-between-openness-personality-in-normal-subjects-and-brain-myelin-mapping-with-t1-t2-weighted-mr-imaging
#10
Fumihiko Yasuno, Takashi Kudo, Akihide Yamamoto, Kiwamu Matsuoka, Masato Takahashi, Hidehiro Iida, Masafumi Ihara, Kazuyuki Nagatsuka, Toshifumi Kishimoto
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the myelination and the psychological trait of openness to experience in young cognitively normal volunteers using regional T1-weighted (T1w)/T2w ratios on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It was hypothesized that axonal myelination would be related to openness, thus linking trait creativity and mental illness. METHODS: We recruited 37 healthy subjects and administered the NEO Five-Factor Inventory to assess personality factors...
September 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965999/personality-and-demographic-correlates-of-new-zealanders-confidence-in-the-safety-of-childhood-vaccinations
#11
Carol H J Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
Despite extensive scientific evidence on the safety of standard vaccinations, some parents express skeptical attitudes towards the safety of childhood immunisations. This paper uses data from the 2013/14 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) survey (N=16,642) to explore the distribution, and demographic and personality correlates of New Zealanders' attitudes towards the safety of childhood vaccinations. Around two thirds (68.5%) of New Zealanders strongly agreed/were confident that "it is safe to vaccinate children following the standard New Zealand immunisation schedule," 26% were skeptical and 5...
October 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929023/a-dark-past-a-restrained-present-and-an-apocalyptic-future-time-perspective-personality-and-life-satisfaction-among-anorexia-nervosa-patients
#12
Danilo Garcia, Alexandre Granjard, Suzanna Lundblad, Trevor Archer
BACKGROUND: Despite reporting low levels of well-being, anorexia nervosa patients express temperament traits (e.g., extraversion and persistence) necessary for high levels of life satisfaction. Nevertheless, among individuals without eating disorders, a balanced organization of the flow of time, influences life satisfaction beyond temperamental dispositions. A balanced time perspective is defined as: high past positive, low past negative, high present hedonistic, low present fatalistic, and high future...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925799/factors-associated-with-marijuana-use-and-problems-among-college-students-in-colorado
#13
Kristina T Phillips, Michael M Phillips, Kerry D Duck
BACKGROUND: Past studies have shown that heavy marijuana use can impact student outcomes. Frequent use and misuse of marijuana have been associated with a range of psychological and personality factors in young adults, but there has been limited research focused on the college environment in states where marijuana has been legalized for recreational purposes. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether marijuana use and problems were associated with a range of demographic, personality, and psychological variables among college students at a midsized Colorado university...
September 19, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913387/personality-traits-and-theory-of-mind-performance-data-of-a-spanish-sample-of-university-students
#14
José M Gavilán, Juan Haro
This article allows consulting the performance data of 96 Spanish university students in two personality questionnaires and two theory of mind (ToM) tasks. Personality dimensions were evaluated through the OPERAS questionnaire (Vigil-Colet et al., 2013) [1], which evaluates global personality through 5 scales: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience, and the ESQUIZO-Q questionnaire (Fonseca-Pedrero et al., 2010) [2], which assesses schizotypy by means of 10 subscales: ideas of reference, magical thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, odd thinking and language, paranoid ideation, physical anhedonia, social anhedonia, odd behavior, lack of close friends, and excessive social anxiety...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889809/leukocyte-telomere-length-and-personality-associations-with-the-big-five-and-type-d-personality-traits
#15
D Schoormans, J E Verhoeven, J Denollet, L van de Poll-Franse, B W J H Penninx
Backgrounds Accelerated cellular ageing, which can be examined by telomere length (TL), may be an overarching mechanism underlying the association between personality and adverse health outcomes. This 6-year longitudinal study examined the relation between personality and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) across time among adults with a wide age-range. METHODS: Data from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used and included patients with a depression and/or anxiety disorder and healthy controls...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871715/personality-as-significant-predictor-of-post-stroke-anxiety
#16
Andrea Solgajová, Tomáš Sollár, Gabriela Vörösová, Dana Zrubcová
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety in stroke patients is very frequent. It negatively influences the whole recovery process. The study objective is to study personality traits, age, gender, and type of stroke as predictors of anxiety in stroke patients. METHODS: Research presents a prospective cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample consisted of 74 hospitalized stroke patients. The data collection methods were the HADS for anxiety measurement and the Mini IPIP for evaluation of five personality factors...
August 5, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813330/personality-and-performance-moving-beyond-the-big-5
#17
REVIEW
Ross Roberts, Tim Woodman
In this review, we examine the literature in relation to personality and performance. Much of the extant work in this area has focused on the role of the Big 5 traits (i.e., extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, agreeableness, and neuroticism), at the expense of other personality variables that have a strong performance-focused rationale. Further, a focus on main effects has dominated the literature, without recourse to consider person×environment interactions. In this review we go beyond the Big 5 and consider the role of two personality traits, narcissism and alexithymia, in relation to performance...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800511/the-serotonin-transporter-promoter-variant-5-httlpr-and-childhood-adversity-are-associated-with-the-personality-trait-openness-to-experience
#18
Md Shafiqur Rahman, Peter Guban, Mei Wang, Philippe A Melas, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
There is evidence supporting an association between the serotonin-transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and the Five Factor Model (FFM) of human personality. 5-HTTLPR has also been found to interact with stressful life events to increase risk of psychopathology. In the present study, by taking into account stressful life events in the form of childhood adversity, we examined the association between 5-HTTLPR and FFM traits using an adult Swedish cohort (N = 3112). We found that 5-HTTLPR was significantly associated with openness (to experience)...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799889/individual-and-social-correlates-of-aggressive-behavior-in-lebanese-undergraduates-the-role-of-trait-emotional-intelligence
#19
Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz, Amal Baaklini
This study investigates the relationship between Aggressive Behavior and individual factors, namely trait Emotional Intelligence, personality dimensions, emotion regulation and self-worth, as well as social factors, namely accepting/rejecting parenting styles and exposure to violence. The sample consisted of 252 university students in Lebanon (154 females), from 16 to 30 years old. Results from hierarchical regression analyses (controlling for age and gender and in the presence of social and individual predictors) showed that the Self-control and Emotionality factors of trait Emotional Intelligence were significant negative predictors of Aggressive Behavior while controlling for age and gender, and in the presence of social and individual predictors)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769824/relationship-between-personality-traits-and-nicotine-dependence-in-male-and-female-smokers-of-african-american-and-european-american-samples
#20
Jung-Seok Choi, Thomas J Payne, Jennie Z Ma, Ming D Li
AIMS: Personality characteristics are linked to nicotine dependence (ND). It remains unclear whether these factors differ across African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) male and female smokers. This study was aimed to determine the relationship between personality traits and smoking status, as well as the degree of ND, in AA and EA male and female samples. METHODS: A total of 5,040 participants (AA: N = 3,737, female = 54.31%; EA: N = 1,313, female = 64...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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