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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918536/genome-wide-analyses-for-personality-traits-identify-six-genomic-loci-and-show-correlations-with-psychiatric-disorders
#1
Min-Tzu Lo, David A Hinds, Joyce Y Tung, Carol Franz, Chun-Chieh Fan, Yunpeng Wang, Olav B Smeland, Andrew Schork, Dominic Holland, Karolina Kauppi, Nilotpal Sanyal, Valentina Escott-Price, Daniel J Smith, Michael O'Donovan, Hreinn Stefansson, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Thorgeir E Thorgeirsson, Kari Stefansson, Linda K McEvoy, Anders M Dale, Ole A Andreassen, Chi-Hua Chen
Personality is influenced by genetic and environmental factors and associated with mental health. However, the underlying genetic determinants are largely unknown. We identified six genetic loci, including five novel loci, significantly associated with personality traits in a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (N = 123,132-260,861). Of these genome-wide significant loci, extraversion was associated with variants in WSCD2 and near PCDH15, and neuroticism with variants on chromosome 8p23.1 and in L3MBTL2...
December 5, 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909455/salivary-testosterone-levels-under-psychological-stress-and-its-relationship-with-rumination-and-five-personality-traits-in-medical-students
#2
Reza Afrisham, Sahar Sadegh-Nejadi, Omid SoliemaniFar, Wesam Kooti, Damoon Ashtary-Larky, Fatima Alamiri, Mohammad Aberomand, Sedigheh Najjar-Asl, Ali Khaneh-Keshi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the salivary testosterone levels under psychological stress and its relationship with rumination and five personality traits in medical students. METHODS: A total of 58 medical students, who wanted to participate in the final exam, were selected by simple random sampling. Two months before the exam, in the basal conditions, the NEO Inventory short form, and the Emotional Control Questionnaire (ECQ) were completed...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909414/personality-traits-and-training-initiation-process-intention-planning-and-action-initiation
#3
Mariola Laguna, Ewelina Purc
The article aims at investigating the role of personality traits in relation to training initiation. Training initiation is conceptualized as a goal realization process, and explained using goal theories. There are three stages of the process analyzed: intention to undertake training, plan formulation, and actual training undertaking. Two studies tested the relationships between five personality traits, defined according to the five factor model, and the stages of the goal realization process. In Study 1, which explains training intention and training plans' formulation, 155 employees participated...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894458/personality-and-global-cognitive-decline-in-japanese-community-dwelling-elderly-people-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#4
Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Rei Otsuka, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal associations between the big five personality and changes in global cognitive function among community-dwelling elderly people involved in the National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging. METHODS: The participants were 594 individuals (age range 60-81years) and followed for 10years and tested six times. Personality was assessed by the Japanese version of NEO five factor inventory at baseline. Cognitive function was assessed by the Japanese version of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) at all visits...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877143/personality-development-during-teacher-preparation
#5
Roisin P Corcoran, Joanne O'Flaherty
Objective: The purpose of this 3-year longitudinal study was to examine pre-service teachers' personality trajectories as measured by the IPIP Big-Five factor markers during teacher preparation. The relationship between students' personality traits, social desirability, and prior academic attainment was also examined. Method: This 3-year longitudinal study invited participants from the first year of a 4-year undergraduate (UG) pre-service teacher education program, the class of 2017. The sample consisted of 305 students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831700/normative-personality-trait-development-in-adulthood-a-6-year-cohort-sequential-growth-model
#6
Petar Milojev, Chris G Sibley
The present study investigated patterns of normative change in personality traits across the adult life span (19 through 74 years of age). We examined change in extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness to experience and honesty-humility using data from the first 6 annual waves of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (N = 10,416; 61.1% female, average age = 49.46). We present a cohort-sequential latent growth model assessing patterns of mean-level change due to both aging and cohort effects...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819473/white-matter-correlates-of-psychosis-linked-traits-support-continuity-between-personality-and-psychopathology
#7
Rachael G Grazioplene, Robert S Chavez, Aldo Rustichini, Colin G DeYoung
The link between diagnoses of psychotic disorders and attenuated white matter connectivity is well established, but little is known about the degree to which similar white matter differences predict traits linked to psychosis-proneness in the general population. Moreover, intelligence is too rarely considered as a covariate in neural endophenotype studies, despite its known protective role against psychopathology in general and its associations with broad aspects of neural structure and function. To determine whether psychosis-linked personality traits are linearly associated with white matter microstructure, we examined white matter correlates of Psychoticism, Absorption, and Openness to Experience in a large community sample, covarying for sex, age, and IQ...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819447/successful-emotion-regulation-is-predicted-by-amygdala-activity-and-aspects-of-personality-a-latent-variable-approach
#8
Carmen Morawetz, Rainer W Alexandrowicz, Hauke R Heekeren
The experience of emotions and their cognitive control are based upon neural responses in prefrontal and subcortical regions and could be affected by personality and temperamental traits. Previous studies established an association between activity in reappraisal-related brain regions (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus and amygdala) and emotion regulation success. Given these relationships, we aimed to further elucidate how individual differences in emotion regulation skills relate to brain activity within the emotion regulation network on the one hand, and personality/temperamental traits on the other...
November 7, 2016: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814502/psychological-resilience-in-u-s-military-veterans-a-2-year-nationally-representative-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Kayla Isaacs, Natalie P Mota, Jack Tsai, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, Joan M Cook, Paul D Kirwin, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
Although many cross-sectional studies have examined the correlates of psychological resilience in U.S. military veterans, few longitudinal studies have identified long-term predictors of resilience in this population. The current prospective cohort study utilized data from a nationally representative sample of 2157 U.S. military veterans who completed web-based surveys in two waves (2011 and 2013) as part of the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS). Cluster analysis of cumulative lifetime exposure to potentially traumatic events and Wave 2 measures of current symptoms of posttraumatic stress, major depressive, and generalized anxiety disorders was performed to characterize different profiles of current trauma-related psychological symptoms...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797543/personality-and-life-events-in-a-personality-disorder-sample
#10
Linden R Timoney, Zach Walsh, M Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Emily B Ansell, Carlos M Grilo, Thomas H McGlashan, Robert L Stout, Donna S Bender, Andrew E Skodol, Charles A Sanislow, Leslie C Morey, John G Gunderson
Individuals with a personality disorder (PD) tend to experience more negative life events (NLEs) than positive life events (PLEs). In community samples, the Five Factor Model of personality (FFM) predicts both positive and negative life events. The present research examined whether FFM normal personality traits were associated with positive and negative life events among individuals with 1 of 4 PDs: avoidant, borderline, schizotypal, and obsessive-compulsive, and tested whether associations between the FFM of personality and PLEs and NLEs were similar across the 4 PD groups and a control group...
October 31, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777608/personality-traits-gender-roles-and-sexual-behaviours-of-young-adult-males
#11
Jacek Kurpisz, Monika Mak, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Krzysztof Nowosielski, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Robert Kowalczyk, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Jerzy Samochowiec
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that personality characteristics affect sexual functioning. The aim of this exploratory study was to assess and describe the relationship between global personality traits and the stereotypical femininity and masculinity levels with the broad aspects of sexual behaviours and attitudes in the group of 97 heterosexual young adult men aged 19-39 and living in Poland. METHODS: The 'Big Five' personality traits were measured with the NEO-FFI questionnaire; stereotypical femininity and masculinity with the Bem sex role inventory (BSRI); sexual disorders with the International index of erectile function (IIEF); socio-epidemiological data, sexual behaviours and attitudes towards sexuality with a self-constructed questionnaire...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720748/contributions-of-personality-dimensions-to-spontaneous-and-deliberate-information-processing-in-the-guilty-actions-test
#12
Liza Zvi, Eitan Elaad
The contribution of the Big-Five personality dimensions and locus of control to examinees' physiological responses in the Concealed Information polygraph Test (CIT) was examined for the first time. One hundred and twenty undergraduate students who completed Big Five personality and locus of control questionnaires were instructed to commit a mock theft. They were subsequently tested in the Guilty Actions polygraph Test, a modified version of the CIT. Each of the six sets of items (questions) was repeated twice...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678148/the-effect-of-childhood-trauma-and-five-factor-model-personality-traits-on-exposure-to-adult-life-events-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorders
#13
Karin Pos, Lindy Lou Boyette, Carin J Meijer, Maarten Koeter, Lydia Krabbendam, Lieuwe de Haan
INTRODUCTION: Recent life events are associated with transition to and outcome in psychosis. Childhood trauma and personality characteristics play a role in proneness to adult life events. However, little is known about the relative contribution and interrelatedness of these characteristics in psychotic disorders. Therefore, we investigated whether Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits and childhood trauma (abuse and neglect) predict adult life events, and whether the effect of childhood trauma on life events is mediated by personality traits...
September 28, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670747/measuring-child-personality-when-child-personality-was-not-measured-application-of-a-thin-slice-approach
#14
Jennifer L Tackett, Avanté J Smack, Kathrin Herzhoff, Kathleen W Reardon, Stephanie Daoud, Isabela Granic
Recent efforts have demonstrated that thin-slice (TS) assessment-or assessment of individual characteristics after only brief exposure to that individual's behaviour-can produce reliable and valid measurements of child personality traits. The extent to which this approach can be generalized to archival data not designed to measure personality, and whether it can be used to measure personality pathology traits in youth, is not yet known. Archival video data of a parent-child interaction task was collected as part of a clinical intervention trial for aggressive children (N = 177)...
September 26, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631555/transformational-leadership-and-burnout-the-role-of-thriving-and-followers-openness-to-experience
#15
Kristin Hildenbrand, Claudia A Sacramento, Carmen Binnewies
Grounding our research in conservation of resources theory, we set out to shed light on the relationship between transformational leadership (TFL) and employee burnout. Specifically, we considered both thriving at work, a personal resource, and employees' openness to experience (OTE), a key resource, to uncover whether all employees benefit equally from TFL (a contextual resource). In detail, we argued that the negative effect of TFL on employee burnout is mediated by employee thriving at work, and that employees' OTE constitutes a boundary condition of this process...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610188/analysis-of-personality-traits-and-their-influence-on-the-quality-of-life-of-postmenopausal-women-with-regard-to-genetic-factors
#16
Daria Schneider-Matyka, Anna Jurczak, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Beata Karakiewicz, Małgorzata Szkup, Anna Grzywacz, Elżbieta Grochans
BACKGROUND: Quality of life can be perceived as a subjective assessment of different aspects of human functioning. Personality is a factor which determines actions taken by individuals and their tendency to perceive reality in a particular way. Therefore, the assumption that personality may influence the QoL assessment seems reasonable. Our purpose was to assess the relationships between personality traits and the presence of the 44-bp VNTR polymorphism in the 5-HTT (SLC 6A4) promoter region and the 30-bp VNTR polymorphism in the MAO-A promoter region...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605876/personality-traits-and-emotional-patterns-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Maria Rosaria A Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Carmela Mento, Gianluca Pandolfo, Rocco A Zoccali
The review focuses on those personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness), constructs (alexithymia and distressed - Type D personality) and emotional patterns (negative and positive) that are of particular concern in health psychology, with the aim to highlight their potential role on the pathogenesis, onset, symptom clusters, clinical course, and outcome of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Personality traits and emotional patterns play key roles in affecting autonomic, immune, inflammatory, and endocrine functions, thus contributing not only to IBS clinical expression and symptomatic burden, but also to disease physiopathology...
July 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563331/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-personality-characteristics-and-vasomotor-symptoms-in-menopausal-women
#18
Mahboubeh Ghorbani, Sedigheh Azhari, Habib Allah Esmaily, Bahram Ali GhanbariHashemabadi
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates that most of the menopausal symptoms and problems are the reflection of individual and social circumstances rather than the endocrine events of the menopause. As majority of women live 30 years or more through postmenopausal period, treatment and following up their problems during this period is among the main duties of a midwife. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between personality traits and vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543833/big-five-personality-and-adolescent-internet-addiction-the-mediating-role-of-coping-style
#19
Yueyue Zhou, Dongping Li, Xian Li, Yanhui Wang, Liyan Zhao
This study examined the unique associations between big five personality traits and adolescent Internet addiction (IA), as well as the mediating role of coping style underlying these relations. Our theoretical model was tested with 998 adolescents. Participants provided self-report data on demographic variables, big five personality traits, coping style, and IA. After controlling for demographic variables, it was found that agreeableness and conscientiousness were negatively associated with IA, whereas extraversion, neuroticism, and openness to experience were positively associated with IA...
January 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507564/social-contact-and-cognitive-functioning-the-role-of-personality
#20
Dikla Segel-Karpas, Margie E Lachman
OBJECTIVES: Social contact has been shown to be positively associated with cognitive functioning. It is unclear, however, whether all individuals can equally benefit from social contact with regard to their cognitive functioning. The goal of this study was to examine whether the beneficial effects of social contact are affected by individual differences in personality. METHOD: We examined the Big Five personality traits as moderators of the associations between social contact and episodic memory and executive functioning using the second wave of the Midlife in the U...
August 9, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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