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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457645/research-review-test-retest-reliability-of-standardized-diagnostic-interviews-to-assess-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura Duncan, Jinette Comeau, Li Wang, Irene Vitoroulis, Michael H Boyle, Kathryn Bennett
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of factors contributing to the observed variability in estimates of test-retest reliability in published studies on standardized diagnostic interviews (SDI) is needed. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the pooled test-retest reliability for parent and youth assessments of seven common disorders, and to examine sources of between-study heterogeneity in reliability. METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature, multilevel random effects meta-analyses were used to analyse 202 reliability estimates (Cohen's kappa = ҡ) from 31 eligible studies and 5,369 assessments of 3,344 children and youth...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456928/behavioural-and-emotional-disorders-in-childhood-a-brief-overview-for-paediatricians
#2
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele
Mental health problems in children and adolescents include several types of emotional and behavioural disorders, including disruptive, depression, anxiety and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, characterized as either internalizing or externalizing problems. Disruptive behavioural problems such as temper tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional, defiant or conduct disorders are the commonest behavioural problems in preschool and school age children. The routine Paediatric clinic or Family Medicine/General Practitioner surgery presents with several desirable characteristics that make them ideal for providing effective mental health services to children and adolescents...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453202/management-of-endocrine-disease-hyperandrogenic-states-in-women-pitfalls-in-laboratory-diagnosis
#3
Michel Pugeat, Ingrid Plotton, Aude Brac de la Perrière, Gerald Raverot, Henri Déchaud, Véronique Raverot
Measuring total testosterone level is the first-line approach in assessing androgen excess in women. The main pitfalls in measuring testosterone relate to its low concentration and to the structural similarity between circulating androgens and testosterone, requiring accurate techniques with high specificity and sensitivity. These goals can be achieved by immunoassay using a specific anti-testosterone monoclonal antibody, ideally after an extraction step. Liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) will be commonly used for measuring testosterone, providing optimal accuracy with a low limit of detection...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453033/the-social-attribution-task-multiple-choice-sat-mc-psychometric-comparison-with-social-cognitive-measures-for-schizophrenia-research
#4
Jason K Johannesen, Joanna M Fiszdon, Andrea Weinstein, David Ciosek, Morris D Bell
The Social Attribution Task-Multiple Choice (SAT-MC) tests the ability to extract social themes from viewed object motion. This form of animacy perception is thought to aid the development of social inference, but appears impaired in schizophrenia. The current study was undertaken to examine psychometric equivalence of two forms of the SAT-MC and to compare their performance against social cognitive tests recommended for schizophrenia research. Thirty-two schizophrenia (SZ) and 30 substance use disorder (SUD) participants completed both SAT-MC forms, the Bell-Lysaker Emotion Recognition Task (BLERT), Hinting Task, The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT), Ambiguous Intentions and Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) and questionnaire measures of interpersonal function...
February 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453011/emotional-availability-in-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-mothers-with-remitted-major-depression-is-differently-associated-with-psychopathology-among-school-aged-children
#5
Dorothea Kluczniok, Katja Boedeker, Catherine Hindi Attar, Charlotte Jaite, Anna-Lena Bierbaum, Daniel Fuehrer, Luisa Paetz, Katja Dittrich, Sabine C Herpertz, Romuald Brunner, Sibylle Winter, Andreas Heinz, Stefan Roepke, Christine Heim, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Both, maternal borderline personality disorder (BPD) and maternal major depressive disorder (MDD) are often associated with adverse consequences for children, including increased risk for child behavior problems. Reduced maternal emotional availability might play a critical role in transmitting maternal psychopathology on the child. Our aim was to investigate the association between emotional availability and maternal BPD and MDD in remission (rMDD), and if this interrelatedness mediates the association between maternal mental disorders and child behavior problems...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451584/exposure-to-violence-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-brazilian-youth
#6
Thiago M Fidalgo, Zila M Sanchez, Sheila C Caetano, Solange Andreoni, Adriana Sanudo, Qixuan Chen, Sílvia S Martins
OBJECTIVE: The effects of exposure to violent events in adolescence have not been sufficiently studied in middle-income countries such as Brazil. The aims of this study are to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 12-year-olds in two neighborhoods with different socioeconomic status (SES) levels in São Paulo and to examine the influence of previous violent events and SES on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Students from nine public schools in two neighborhoods of São Paulo were recruited...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449814/multisite-delayed-feedback-for-electrical-brain-stimulation
#7
Oleksandr V Popovych, Peter A Tass
Demand-controlled deep brain stimulation (DBS) appears to be a promising approach for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) as revealed by computational, pre-clinical and clinical studies. Stimulation delivery is adapted to brain activity, for example, to the amount of neuronal activity considered to be abnormal. Such a closed-loop stimulation setup might help to reduce the amount of stimulation current, thereby maintaining therapeutic efficacy. In the context of the development of stimulation techniques that aim to restore desynchronized neuronal activity on a long-term basis, specific closed-loop stimulation protocols were designed computationally...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445880/the-headache-under-response-to-treatment-hurt-questionnaire-an-outcome-measure-to-guide-follow-up-in-primary-care-development-psychometric-evaluation-and-assessment-of-utility
#8
T J Steiner, D C Buse, M Al Jumah, M L Westergaard, R H Jensen, M L Reed, L Prilipko, F S Mennini, M J A Láinez, K Ravishankar, F Sakai, S-Y Yu, M Fontebasso, A Al Khathami, E A MacGregor, F Antonaci, C Tassorelli, R B Lipton
BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are both common and burdensome but, given the many people affected, provision of health care to all is challenging. Structured headache services based in primary care are the most efficient, equitable and cost-effective solution but place responsibility for managing most patients on health-care providers with limited training in headache care. The development of practical management aids for primary care is therefore a purpose of the Global Campaign against Headache...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441607/an-international-urogynecological-association-iuga-international-continence-society-ics-joint-report-on-the-terminology-for-the-assessment-of-sexual-health-of-women-with-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#9
Rebecca G Rogers, Rachel N Pauls, Ranee Thakar, Melanie Morin, Annette Kuhn, Eckhard Petri, Brigitte Fatton, Kristene Whitmore, Sheryl Kinsberg, Joseph Lee
AIMS: The terminology in current use for sexual function and dysfunction in women with pelvic floor disorders lacks uniformity, which leads to uncertainty, confusion, and unintended ambiguity. The terminology for the sexual health of women with pelvic floor dysfunction needs to be collated in a clinically-based consensus report. METHODS: This report combines the input of members of the Standardization and Terminology Committees of two International Organizations, the International Urogynecological Association (IUGA), and the International Continence Society (ICS), assisted at intervals by many external referees...
February 14, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440747/direct-measurement-of-superdiffusive-energy-transport-in-disordered-granular-chains
#10
Eunho Kim, Alejandro J Martínez, Sean E Phenisee, P G Kevrekidis, Mason A Porter, Jinkyu Yang
Energy transport properties in heterogeneous materials have attracted scientific interest for more than half of a century, and they continue to offer fundamental and rich questions. One of the outstanding challenges is to extend Anderson theory for uncorrelated and fully disordered lattices in condensed-matter systems to physical settings in which additional effects compete with disorder. Here we present the first systematic experimental study of energy transport and localization properties in simultaneously disordered and nonlinear granular crystals...
February 13, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439784/influence-of-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-diet-quality-in-childhood-on-the-incidence-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-during-adolescence-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
XiuYun Wu, Kerry Bastian, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul Veugelers
PURPOSE: Studies among youth suggest that physical inactivity, sedentary behaviors, and poor diet quality are associated with poor mental health. Few population-based studies have investigated these relationships longitudinally. We examined the association between physical activity, sedentary behaviors, and diet quality in childhood and the incidence of internalizing and externalizing disorders throughout adolescence. METHODS: We linked health behavior survey data from 2003 among 10- to 11-year-old children across Nova Scotia, Canada, with administrative health care data from 2003 to 2011...
February 2018: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437398/structural-rearrangement-of-energetic-materials-under-an-external-electric-field-a-case-study-of-nitromethane
#12
Yingzhe Liu, Yiding Ma, Tao Yu, Weipeng Lai, Wangjun Guo, Zhongxue Ge, Zhinan Ma
As a significant stimulus, the external electric field (EFF) can change the decomposition mechanism and energy release of energetic materials (EMs). Hence, understanding the response of EMs to an EFF is greatly meaningful for their safe usage. Herein, the structural arrangement, a crucial factor to the impact sensitivity and detonation performance of EMs, under the EFF ranging from 0.0 to 0.5 V/Å was investigated via molecular dynamics simulation. Nitromethane (NM) was taken as a case study due to the simple structure...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436876/the-relationship-between-anxiety-external-structure-behavioral-history-and-becoming-locked-into-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Andrew Cashin, James Yorke
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are central to the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet there remains a paucity of research in this domain. What is clear is that people with ASD are vulnerable to getting locked into rigid patterns of thought and behavior that contribute to a lack of adaptation. This study utilized an online survey to explore the relationship between anxiety, external structure, the measurement of RRBs and behavioral history of being locked into RRBs. A significant relationship was identified between level of anxiety and a history of becoming locked into RRBs...
February 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436758/perception-of-dental-students-on-risk-factors-of-musculoskeletal-disorders
#14
A C Botta, C D Presoto, D Wajngarten, J A D B Campos, P P N S Garcia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Job Factors Questionnaire, and the influence of gender, academic level and pain/discomfort on dental students' perception regarding risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: One hundred forty-five dental students from Stony Brook School of Dental Medicine participated voluntarily in this study. The survey was organised in two sections: (i) Job Factors Questionnaire with 15 items that evaluated students' perceptions about job/study environmental risk factors and their potential contribution to musculoskeletal disorders...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435695/assessing-acute-secondary-treatment-outcomes-in-early-onset-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Mary Kathryn Cancilliere, Jennifer Freeman, Abbe Garcia, Kristen Benito, Jeffrey Sapyta, Martin Franklin
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children under 8 years of age, referred to as early-onset OCD, has similar features to OCD in older children, including moderate to severe symptoms, impairment, and significant comorbidity. Family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (FB-CBT) has been found efficacious in reducing OCD symptoms and functional impairment in children ages 5-8 years with OCD; however, its effectiveness on reducing comorbid psychiatric symptoms in this same population has yet to be demonstrated...
February 13, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431785/dietary-intake-of-glucono-%C3%AE-lactone-attenuates-skin-inflammation-and-contributes-to-maintaining-skin-condition
#16
Tetsuya Kuwano, Sawako Kawano, Daiji Kagawa, Yuka Yasuda, Yosuke Inoue, Takatoshi Murase
Skin properties are influenced by both external (e.g., ultraviolet [UV], chemicals, and bacteria) and internal factors (e.g., nutrition and hormones). Therefore, some dietary supplements are expected to improve skin conditions. Glucono-δ-lactone (GDL) is widely used as a food additive and is naturally present in wine, honey, and other foods. The aim of this study was to assess whether GDL improves skin condition and inflammation. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 40 healthy Japanese male volunteers were randomly assigned to either the GDL (2000 mg day-1) or placebo group...
February 12, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427690/the-buffer-effect-of-body-compassion-on-the-association-between-shame-and-body-and-eating-difficulties
#17
Sara Oliveira, Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira
Body compassion is a new construct which incorporates two multidimensional concepts: body image and self-compassion. Self-compassion has been revealed as a protective mechanism against body image and eating-related-related disturbances, including eating disorders. However, the study of this compassionate competence specifically focused on the domain of the body is still largely unexplored. This study aims to test whether body compassion moderate the impact of external shame on body image shame and disordered eating, in a sample of 354 women from the Portuguese general population...
February 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426253/symptom-profile-of-psychiatric-patients-with-psychosis-or-psychotic-mood-disorder-in-prison
#18
J van Beek, P J Vuijk, J M Harte, E J A Scherder
There is evidence that psychiatric patients with psychotic or manic disorders who are incarcerated suffer from the same symptoms as psychiatric patients who are treated in the community. There are also indications that their symptoms might be more severe. The aim of this study was to examine the severity of psychotic and manic symptoms, as well as to collect information about the emotional functioning of patients admitted to a prison psychiatric ward. Incarcerated patients with a diagnosis of psychotic or a manic disorder were examined with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-Expanded (BPRS-E)...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423609/the-prevalence-and-psychopathological-correlates-of-sibling-bullying-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Umar Toseeb, Gillian McChesney, Dieter Wolke
Using data from a prospective population based study, the prevalence and psychopathological correlates of sibling bullying in children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were estimated. There were 475 children with ASD and 13,702 children without ASD aged 11 years. Children with ASD were more likely to be bullied by their siblings compared to those without ASD. They were also more likely than those without ASD to both bully and be bullied by their siblings, which was associated with lower prosocial skills as well as more internalizing and externalizing problems compared to those not involved in any sibling bullying...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423607/brief-report-social-functioning-predicts-externalizing-problem-behaviors-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
N Shea, E Payne, N Russo
Individuals with ASD often display externalizing behaviors, which have been associated with lower quality of life in adulthood. Social difficulties have been hypothesized to underlie externalizing problems among individuals with ASD (Klin and Volkmar in Asperger Syndrome, 340-366, 2000), but this has never been tested empirically. We examined whether socialization abilities predicted externalizing problems assessed by parent report in a group of 29 individuals with ASD (age range 7-16 years) and 29 TD individuals matched for IQ, age, and gender...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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