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Depression and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#1
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104446/factors-associated-with-fear-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus-findings-from-the-frailty-in-brazilian-older-people-study-fibra-br
#2
Bruno de Souza Moreira, Rosana Ferreira Sampaio, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Alessandra de Carvalho Bastone, Eduardo Ferriolli, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Roberto Alves Lourenço, Rosângela Corrêa Dias, Renata Noce Kirkwood
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the associated factors with fear of falling in community-dwelling older adults with and without diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Data from the Frailty in Brazilian Older People Study (FIBRA-BR), involving 4449 individuals aged 65years or older (19.2% with diabetes), were analyzed. The potential factors associated with fear of falling included sociodemographic data, chronic diseases, health-related variables and functional capacity measures...
January 16, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104244/increased-risk-of-disordered-eating-in%C3%A2-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
Iris Lee, Laura G Cooney, Shailly Saini, Maria E Smith, Mary D Sammel, Kelly C Allison, Anuja Dokras
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the effects of EDs on health-related quality of life. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University practice. PATIENT(S): Women with PCOS (Rotterdam criteria; n = 148) and controls seen for routine gynecologic care (n = 106) from 2015 to 2016. INTERVENTION(S): Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire (PCOSQ)...
January 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103594/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-prevalence-and-correlates-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#4
Friedrich Nielsen, Ekaterini Georgiadou, Merle Bartsch, Svenja Langenberg, Astrid Müller, Martina de Zwaan
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows an association between obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study compares pre- and post-bariatric surgery patients using the internationally used Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale (CAARS™) to screen for ADHD. METHODS: Matched samples pre- (N = 120) and post-bariatric surgery (N = 128) were compared using self-rating instruments to assess ADHD-relevant symptomatology, depression, eating-related psychopathology, and BMI...
January 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092647/dietary-intake-mediates-the-relationship-of-body-fat-to-pain
#5
Charles F Emery, KayLoni L Olson, Andrew Bodine, Victoria Lee, Diane L Habash
Prior studies have documented an association of obesity with chronic pain, but the mechanism explaining the association remains unknown. This study evaluated the degree to which dietary intake of foods with anti-inflammatory effects mediates the relationship of body fat to body pain. Ninety-eight community-residing healthy adults (60% women; mean age = 43.2 ± 15.3 years; range: 20-78 years) participated in a home-based study of home environment, food-related behaviors, health, and adiposity. During a 3-hour home visit evaluation, 3 measures of body fat were collected, including height and weight for calculation of body mass index (BMI)...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#6
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090354/what-weight-loss-treatment-options-do-geriatric-patients-with-overweight-and-obesity-want-to-consider
#7
M MacMillan, K Cummins, K Fujioka
INTRODUCTION: Since the 1990s, a number of weight loss medications have been removed from the USA and or European market because of adverse events associated with these medications. These medications include fenfluramine (heart valve thickening), sibutramine (cardiovascular risk) and rimonabant (depression). This history may affect a patient's desire to consider weight loss medications as an option for weight management. OBJECTIVE: This descriptive study was designed to observe what treatment options the geriatric patient (age 65 or higher) seeking weight loss would like to consider, as well as the reasons they felt they struggled with overweight or obesity...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090347/depressive-symptoms-in-women-s-midlife-in-relation-to-their-body-weight-before-during-and-after-childbearing-years
#8
M Bliddal, A Pottegård, H Kirkegaard, J Olsen, T I A Sørensen, E A Nohr
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine how weight and weight changes related to pregnancy were associated with depressive symptoms 11-16 years after childbirth. METHOD: We followed 16,998 first-time mothers from the Danish National Birth Cohort up till 16 years after birth and estimated associations between depressive symptoms and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) (kg m(-2)), weight changes in different time periods, and BMI-adjusted waist circumference 7 years after birth (WCBMI, cm)...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087957/cardiovascular-risk-assessment-between-urban-and-rural-population-in-malaysia
#9
I Noor Hassim, M R Norazman, M Diana, Y Khairul Hazdi, I Rosnah
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) caused significant burden to Malaysia as it accounted for 36% of total deaths. This study aims to evaluate the burden of cardiovascular risk factors among Malaysian adult and assess the difference between urban and rural population in the selected communities. METHODS: This study is part of the ongoing Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) database, whereby the baseline data were collected since June 2008. CVD risk was measured using INTERHEART risk score which comprised of eleven risk factors i...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077800/oxidative-stress-induced-by-se-deficient-high-energy-diet-implicates-neutrophil-dysfunction-via-nrf2-pathway-suppression-in-swine
#10
Tianshu Yang, Zeping Zhao, Tianqi Liu, Ziwei Zhang, Pengzu Wang, Shiwen Xu, Xin Gen Len, Anshan Shan
The mechanism of the interaction between Se deficiency and high energy remains limited. The aim of the current study was to identify whether Se-deficient, high-energy diet can induce oxidative stress, and downregulate the Nrf2 pathway and phagocytic dysfunction of neutrophils. We detected the phagocytic activity, ROS production, protein levels of Nrf2 and Nrf2 downstream target genes, and the mRNA levels of 25 selenoproteins, heat shock proteins, and cytokines in neutrophils. Cytokine ELISA kits were used to measure the serum cytokines...
January 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077689/giant-cell-arteritis-and-vascular-disease-risk-factors-and-outcomes-a-cohort-study-using-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#11
Lin Li, Tuhina Neogi, Susan Jick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between GCA and vascular diseases and other comorbidities in patients with GCA compared with non-vasculitis patients. METHODS: Using the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink we identified 9778 newly diagnosed GCA patients in 1990-2014, and up to 10 non-vasculitis patients randomly matched to each case on age, sex, practice and years of history before cohort entry. We compared the distributions of 9 different pre-existing vascular diseases and 11 other comorbidities, and risks of incident vascular diseases and other comorbidities after cohort entry between GCA and non-vasculitis patients...
January 11, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075656/intimate-partner-violence-and-5-year-weight-change-in-young-women-a-longitudinal-study
#12
Susan M Mason, Noussaiba Ayour, Suzanne Canney, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) and obesity are national public health problems that are potentially associated. We examined the association between IPV exposure and 5-year weight gain in young women. We also examined whether depressive mood conferred additional increases in weight gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analyses were conducted among women in Project EAT, a longitudinal cohort study of weight-related health, which has collected data at three 5-year survey waves: "EAT I" (mean age 15 years), "EAT II" (mean age 19 years), and "EAT III" (mean age 25 years)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073188/effects-of-obesity-surgery-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-technique-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-depression-and-quality-of-life-of-males-prospective-study
#13
Fatih Uruç, Serkan Akan, Bekir Aras, Çaglar Yıldırım, Aytaç Sahin, Ozgur Haki Yuksel, Mehmet Timuçin Aydın, Ayhan Verit
PURPOSE: Technically, obesity weakens the pelvic base muscles by causing an increase in the intraabdominal pressure and intravesical pressure due to increasing fat and it triggers the occurrence of lower urinary tract symptoms. However it is believed that weight loss will cause recovery of these symptoms. Our purpose in this study is to research about the effects of the weight loss achieved by using especially the Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) technique of bariatric surgery which is being more and more widely used today...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066877/central-noradrenaline-transporter-availability-in-highly-obese-non-depressed-individuals
#14
Swen Hesse, Georg-Alexander Becker, Michael Rullmann, Anke Bresch, Julia Luthardt, Mohammed K Hankir, Franziska Zientek, Georg Reißig, Marianne Patt, Katrin Arelin, Donald Lobsien, Ulrich Müller, S Baldofski, Philipp M Meyer, Matthias Blüher, Mathias Fasshauer, Wiebke K Fenske, Michael Stumvoll, Anja Hilbert, Yu-Shin Ding, Osama Sabri
PURPOSE: The brain noradrenaline (NA) system plays an important role in the central nervous control of energy balance and is thus implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity. The specific processes modulated by this neurotransmitter which lead to obesity and overeating are still a matter of debate. METHODS: We tested the hypothesis that in vivo NA transporter (NAT) availability is changed in obesity by using positron emission tomography (PET) and S,S-[(11)C]O-methylreboxetine (MRB) in twenty subjects comprising ten highly obese (body mass index BMI > 35 kg/m(2)), metabolically healthy, non-depressed individuals and ten non-obese (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)) healthy controls...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066005/metabolic-syndrome-and-central-obesity-in-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Anju Agarwal, Manu Agarwal, Kabir Garg, Pronob Kumar Dalal, Jitendra Kumar Trivedi, J S Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: The current epidemiological data and meta-analyses indicate a bidirectional association between depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS). AIMS: To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and obesity in drug naïve patients (in current episode) having Recurrent Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Depression. METHOD: This was a single point cross sectional observational study that involved administration of diagnostic and assessment tools and blood investigations...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061774/metabolic-syndrome-and-depressive-symptoms-among-rural-northeast-general-population-in-china
#16
Shasha Yu, Hongmei Yang, Xiaofan Guo, Liqiang Zheng, Yingxian Sun
BACKGROUND: Previous researches aiming to estimate the association between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms come out with inconsistent results. Besides, most of them are conducted in the developed areas. There is lack of the data from rural China. The aim of this study is to confirm whether gender difference exists among the relationship between MetS, metabolic components and depressive symptoms in the rural Chinese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis enrolled 11430 subjects' aged ≥35 from rural Northeast China...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061004/objective-physical-and-mental-markers-of-self-reported-fatigue-in-women-undergoing-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-early-stage-breast-cancer
#17
Joanne E Mortimer, Sarah Waliany, Christina M Dieli-Conwright, Sunita K Patel, Arti Hurria, Joseph Chao, Brian Tiep, Carolyn E Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Objective, treatment-independent markers of cancer-related fatigue are needed to advance clinical trials. In the current study, the authors evaluated physical, neurocognitive, and serologic markers for correlation with self-reported fatigue before and after (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Women with AJCC TNM Stage I-III breast cancer consented to assessment before and after the completion of 4 cycles of dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide...
January 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060979/-suicide-risk-after-bariatric-surgery
#18
Arturo Roizblatt, Daniel Roizblatt, Francisca Soto-Aguilar B
Bariatric surgery is considered the most effective treatment for severe obesity and its benefits include improvement in medical comorbidities. However, a higher rate of suicides after this type of surgery has been reported. We performed a literature review on the subject, and concluded that the mentioned increase in suicide rates, compared to the general population, is probably caused by conditions that the patient had before surgery, especially psychiatric disorders such as depression or eating disorders. These are risk factors for suicide, and are more common in the population with indication for bariatric surgery...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060531/poor-sleep-quality-psychological-distress-and-the-buffering-effect-of-mindfulness-training-during-pregnancy
#19
Jennifer N Felder, Barbara Laraia, Kimberly Coleman-Phox, Nicole Bush, Madhuvanthi Suresh, Melanie Thomas, Nancy Adler, Elissa Epel, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common in pregnancy and associated with increased psychological distress, which has adverse consequences for families. Emerging theory suggests that mindfulness-based interventions may help reduce cognitive and emotional reactivity to stressful events. The current study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on the relationship between poor sleep quality and increased depression symptom severity and perceived stress during pregnancy...
January 6, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058812/mental-distress-in-treatment-seeking-young-adults-18-25-years-with-severe-obesity-compared-with-population-controls-of-different-body-mass-index-levels-cohort-study
#20
H Dreber, S Reynisdottir, B Angelin, P Tynelius, F Rasmussen, E Hemmingsson
Young adults (18-25) with severe obesity constitute a challenging patient group, and there is limited evidence about their mental health status compared to population controls. Mental distress in treatment seeking young adults with severe obesity (n = 121, mean body mass index [BMI] = 39.8 kg m(-2) ) was compared with matched (1:3 for age, gender and socioeconomic status) population controls of normal weight (n = 363, mean BMI = 22.4 kg m(-2) ), as well as unmatched population controls with class I obesity (n = 105, mean BMI = 32...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Obesity
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