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Depression and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776476/institute-of-medicine-early-infant-feeding-recommendations-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-implementation-by-immigrant-mothers-from-central-america
#1
Kathleen F Gaffney, Albert V Brito, Panagiota Kitsantas, Deborah A Kermer, Graciela Pereddo, Katya M Ramos
PURPOSES: Describe implementation of Institute of Medicine (IOM) early infant feeding recommendations for child obesity prevention by immigrant mothers from Central America; examine potential relationships with food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a cross-sectional, descriptive design, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 318 mothers of 2month old infants at a large pediatric setting for low income families. Logistic regression models assessed feeding practices, food insecurity and postpartum depressive symptoms...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774616/psychological-effects-of-belonging-to-a-facebook-weight-management-group-in-overweight-and-obese-adults-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Monica Jane, Jonathan Foster, Martin Hagger, Suleen Ho, Robert Kane, Sebely Pal
This study was conducted to test whether the weight outcomes in an online social networking group were mediated by changes to psychological outcome measures in overweight and obese individuals, following a weight management programme delivered via Facebook. The data analysed in this study were collected during a three-armed, randomised, controlled clinical weight management trial conducted with overweight and obese adults over 24 weeks. Two intervention groups were given the same weight management programme: one within a Facebook group, along with peer support from other group members (the Facebook Group); the other group received the same programme in a pamphlet (the Pamphlet Group)...
May 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772697/structure-activity-relationships-based-on-3d-qsar-comfa-comsia-and-design-of-aryloxypropanol-amine-agonists-with-selectivity-for-the-human-%C3%AE-3-adrenergic-receptor-and-anti-obesity-and-anti-diabetic-profiles
#3
Marcos Lorca, Cesar Morales-Verdejo, David Vásquez-Velásquez, Juan Andrades-Lagos, Javier Campanini-Salinas, Jorge Soto-Delgado, Gonzalo Recabarren-Gajardo, Jaime Mella
The wide tissue distribution of the adrenergic β3 receptor makes it a potential target for the treatment of multiple pathologies such as diabetes, obesity, depression, overactive bladder (OAB), and cancer. Currently, there is only one drug on the market, mirabegron, approved for the treatment of OAB. In the present study, we have carried out an extensive structure-activity relationship analysis of a series of 41 aryloxypropanolamine compounds based on three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) techniques...
May 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772477/depression-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-older-population-a-review-of-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Nikolena Repousi, Maria F Masana, Albert Sanchez-Niubo, Josep Maria Haro, Stefanos Tyrovolas
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been shown to be associated with depression in older adults but the results are mixed. We summarized and evaluated the association between depression and MetS in people aged 60 years or over. METHODS: Relevant published studies from January 1997 to July 2017 were identified by searching two electronic databases: PubMed/Medline and EMBASE. Observational studies were considered. RESULTS: Twelve studies were included in the systematic review...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771779/cost-of-integrating-non-communicable-disease-screening-into-home-based-hiv-testing-and-counseling-in-south-africa
#5
Ilya Golovaty, Monisha Sharma, Alastair Van Heerden, Heidi van Rooyen, Jared M Baeten, Connie Celum, Ruanne V Barnabas
INTRODUCTION: Integrated HIV-non-communicable disease (NCD) services have the potential to avert death and disability, but require data on program costs to assess the impact of integrated services on affordability. METHODS: We estimated the incremental costs of NCD screening as part of home-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) and referral to care in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. All adults in the households were offered integrated HIV-NCD screening (for HIV, diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, depression, tobacco and alcohol use), counseling, and linkage to care...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766655/pre-surgical-surgical-and-post-surgical-experiences-of-weight-loss-surgery-patients-a-closer-look-at-social-determinants-of-health
#6
L P Johnson, F M Asigbee, R Crowell, A Negrini
Using a novel qualitative approach, Photovoice, researchers assessed social, psychological, physical and economic barriers encountered by patients of weight loss surgery. Applying the Photovoice approach and Williams' theory of narrative reconstruction for qualitative interviewing, the research team set out to investigate the bariatric patient experience from pre-surgery to hospitalization to post-surgery. Fifteen participants were given digital cameras and asked to take photographs that represented their weight loss journeys...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765402/tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BA-b-signal-involved-in-depressive-like-behaviors-and-cytokine-expression-of-frontal-cortex-and-hippocampus-in-stressed-c57bl-6-and-ob-ob-mice
#7
Yihe Wang, Jingjing Xu, Yuan Liu, Ziyang Li, Xiaohong Li
Studies found that elevated levels of cytokines such as interleukin- (IL-) 1 β , IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF- α ) are closely associated with the pathogenesis of depression. Obesity providing a low-grade inflammation state was proposed to be implicated in susceptibility to depression in obesity. However, the alterations of cytokines and the TLR4-NF- κ B signal in the brain of normal-weight and obese mice under stress have not been fully elucidated. This study used chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) to induce a depressive-like behavior in an animal model and examine depressive-like behaviors, memory changes, and serum corticosterone levels, as well as the expressions of cytokines and NF- κ B in the frontal cortex and hippocampus...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#8
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760188/depression-in-type-1-diabetes-was-associated-with-high-levels-of-circulating-galectin-3
#9
Eva O Melin, Jonatan Dereke, Maria Thunander, Magnus Hillman
OBJECTIVE: Neuroinflammatory responses are implicated in depression. The aim was to explore whether depression in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) was associated with high circulating galectin-3, controlling for metabolic variables, s-creatinine, life style factors, medication, and cardiovascular complications. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Participants were T1D patients (n=283, 56% men, age 18-59 years, diabetes duration ≥1 year)...
May 14, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758402/lactation-related-changes-in-tissue-expression-of-pedf-in-dairy-cows
#10
H Sadri, B Saremi, S Dänicke, J Rehage, M Mielenz, A Hosseini, H Sauerwein
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is evolving as metabolic regulatory protein. Albeit mostly considered in only pathological conditions related to excess energy intake resulting in obesity and insulin resistance, PEDF is likely to be involved in other physiological processes such as the homeorhetic adaptation of metabolism to lactation. We aimed to characterize the expression of PEDF and its association to the concomitant mobilization of body reserves during lactation in nonobese subjects. This mobilization is particularly distinct in dairy cows, and we therefore assessed the mRNA expression of PEDF and its putative receptors in different tissues in 2 trials with dairy cows fed with or without conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs)...
April 17, 2018: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757063/gut-microbiota-composition-in-mid-pregnancy-is-associated-with-gestational-weight-gain-but-not-prepregnancy-body-mass-index
#11
Anna-Katariina Aatsinki, Henna-Maria Uusitupa, Eveliina Munukka, Henri Pesonen, Anniina Rintala, Sami Pietilä, Leo Lahti, Erkki Eerola, Linnea Karlsson, Hasse Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of numerous hormonal, metabolic, and immunological changes for both the mother and the fetus. Furthermore, maternal gut microbiota composition (GMC) is altered during pregnancy. One major factor affecting GMC in pregnant and nonpregnant populations is obesity. The aim was to analyze associations between maternal overweight/obesity, as well as gestational weight gain (GWG) and GMC. Moreover, the modifying effect of depression and anxiety symptom scores on weight and GMC were investigated...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756417/dehydroepiandrosterone-and-erectile-function-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Ahmed I El-Sakka
To review the contemporary knowledge regarding the dehydroepiandrosterone and erectile function. Medline was reviewed for English-language journal articles spanning the time between January 1990 and December 2017, using the terms 'erectile function', 'dehydroepiandrosterone'. We used Journal Articles and review articles that found to be relevant to the purpose of this review. Criteria included all pertinent review articles, randomized controlled trials with tight methodological design, cohort studies and retrospective analyses...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755581/gender-differences-and-risk-factors-for-smoking-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-disorders-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Rabab Alshenqiti, Mohammed Z Alassiry
Background: The higher prevalence of smoking among psychiatric patients is well established. However, gender-specific associations have rarely been the focus of studies among patients with various psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the gender-specific prevalence of current smoking by psychiatric patients and its association with various psychiatric disorders and the use of psychotropic medications. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed between July 2012 and June 2014...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754863/relationships-of-anxiety-and-depression-with-cardiovascular-health-in-youth-with-normal-weight-to-severe-obesity
#14
Amy C Gross, Alexander M Kaizer, Justin R Ryder, Claudia K Fox, Kyle D Rudser, Donald R Dengel, Aaron S Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships of depression and anxiety symptoms with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and measures of vascular health in youth. Major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder are considered CVD risk factors in youth. STUDY DESIGN: Participants (n = 202) were 8- to 18-year-olds from a cross-sectional study evaluating cardiovascular health across a wide range of body mass index values (normal weight to severe obesity). CVD risk measurement included blood pressure, fasting lipids, glucose, insulin, carotid artery intima-media thickness, compliance and distensibility, brachial artery flow-mediated dilation, carotid-radial artery pulse wave velocity, body fat percentage, and a metabolic syndrome cluster score...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753805/desire-to-lose-weight-dietary-intake-and-psychological-correlates-among-middle-aged-and-older-women-the-colaus-study
#15
I Carrard, M Kruseman, P Marques-Vidal
Body dissatisfaction has been regularly associated with negative consequences on health of young women, but less is known regarding middle-aged or older women. However, body dissatisfaction in women has been seen for long as a "normative discontent" (i.e. widespread and chronic dissatisfaction) because of its high prevalence among all age categories. The goal of this study was to explore the relationships between the desire to lose weight, energy intake and psychological health in community-dwelling women issued from the second wave (cross-sectional data) of the cohort study CoLaus (2009-2012, Switzerland), taking age categories (40-59 and 60-80) and body mass index (BMI, normal and overweight/obese) into account...
May 10, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748196/interleukin-10-treatment-ameliorates-high-fat-diet-induced-inflammatory-atrial-remodeling-and-fibrillation
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obesity, characterized by systemic low-grade inflammation, is considered a well-known risk for atrial fibrillation. In fact, IL-10 (interleukin 10), which is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine, has been reported to decrease in obese and diabetic patients. We tested the hypotheses forwarding that genetic deletion of IL-10 exacerbates high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity-caused atrial inflammation, lipidosis, fibrosis, and fibrillation and that IL-10 therapy inhibits this pathology...
May 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740985/obesity-independently-associates-with-worse-patient-reported-outcomes-in-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Sarah L Patterson, Gabriela Schmajuk, Kashif Jafri, Jinoos Yazdany, Patricia Katz
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether obesity in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) independently associates with worse patient-reported outcomes (PROs). METHODS: Data derive from a prospective study of adult women who carried a diagnosis of SLE verified by medical record review. Two established definitions for obesity were used: fat mass index (FMI) ≥ 13 kg/m2 and BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 . Dependent variables included 4 validated PROs: disease activity via Systemic Lupus Activity Questionnaire (SLAQ), depressive symptoms via Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), pain via Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) Pain Subscale, and fatigue via SF-36 Vitality Subscale...
May 8, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740933/relationship-between-maternal-depression-symptoms-and-child-weight-outcomes-in-latino-farmworker-families
#19
Sarah A Marshall, Edward H Ip, Cynthia K Suerken, Thomas A Arcury, Santiago Saldana, Stephanie S Daniel, Sara A Quandt
This study sought to characterize depressive symptoms among mothers in Latino farmworker families, determine if maternal depression increases children's risk of obesity, and ascertain whether relevant risk factors such as physical activity, diet, and feeding style mediate this relationship. Mothers from 248 families completed the 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale 9 times over a 2-year period. Four distinct patterns were used to describe mothers: few symptoms, moderate episodic symptoms, severe episodic symptoms, and chronic symptoms...
May 9, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739539/additives-used-to-reduce-perioperative-opioid-consumption-1-alpha2-agonists
#20
REVIEW
Peter H Tonner
Because of their significant side effects, especially in obese patients, the routine perioperative use of opioids has been questioned recently. Alpha2 -agonists are drugs with a considerable analgesic potency with the potential to reduce opioid consumption. Alpha2 -agonists bind to alpha2 -adrenergic receptors in the CNS and peripherally. They inhibit the central sympathetic outflow, resulting in an attenuation of blood pressure and heart rate and in a sparing effect on anaesthetics and analgesics. In the postoperative period alpha2 -agonists provide an analgesic effect without respiratory depression and other known opioid side effects...
December 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
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