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Depression and obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428339/association-between-body-size-weight-change-and-depression-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Sun Jae Jung, Hyung-Taek Woo, Sooyoung Cho, Kyounghoon Park, Seokhun Jeong, Yu Jin Lee, Daehee Kang, Aesun Shin
BackgroundThe association between body size, weight change and depression has not been systematically summarised, especially for individuals who are underweight.AimsTo conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis to examine the association between indices of body size, weight change and depression.MethodA total of 183 studies were selected. Fully adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) or odds ratios (ORs) were extracted. A total of 76 studies contributed to data synthesis with a random-effect model, and subgroup analyses were conducted to evaluate the effect of potential moderators...
April 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#2
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426640/announcement-sleep-awareness-week-april-23-29-2017
#3
(no author information available yet)
Sleep Awareness Week, the National Sleep Foundation's annual campaign to educate the public about the importance of sleep in health and safety, will be observed April 23-29, 2017. The amount of sleep a person needs changes with age. Adults need ≥7 hours each night to promote optimal health and well-being (1); children and adolescents require even more sleep. Sleep needs decrease from 12-16 hours of sleep per 24 hours (including naps) for infants aged 4-12 months to 8-10 hours of sleep for teenagers aged 13-18 years (2)...
April 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426302/innovations-in-population-health-surveillance-using-electronic-health-records-for-chronic-disease-surveillance
#4
Sharon E Perlman, Katharine H McVeigh, Lorna E Thorpe, Laura Jacobson, Carolyn M Greene, R Charon Gwynn
With 87% of providers using electronic health records (EHRs) in the United States, EHRs have the potential to contribute to population health surveillance efforts. However, little is known about using EHR data outside syndromic surveillance and quality improvement. We created an EHR-based population health surveillance system called the New York City (NYC) Macroscope and assessed the validity of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, obesity, depression, and influenza vaccination indicators. The NYC Macroscope uses aggregate data from a network of outpatient practices...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425019/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-problematic-overeating-behaviors-in-young-men-and-women
#5
Susan M Mason, Patricia A Frazier, S Bryn Austin, Bernard L Harlow, Benita Jackson, Nancy C Raymond, Janet W Rich-Edwards
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a risk factor for obesity, but the range of behaviors that contribute to this association are not known. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine associations between self-reported PTSD symptoms in 2007, with and without comorbid depression symptoms, and three problematic overeating behaviors in 2010, and to estimate the associations of PTSD-related overeating behaviors with obesity. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses included 7438 male (n = 2478) and female (n = 4960) participants from the Growing Up Today Study (mean age 22-29 years in 2010)...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424998/correlates-and-predictors-of-mobility-limitation-in-community-dwelling-hispanic-older-adults-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jane Chung, Angelina Flores-Montoya
This article presents a systematic review of the literature on correlates/predictors of mobility limitation among community-dwelling U.S. Hispanic older adults. A search of scientific databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) was conducted. After abstract and full text review, 20 epidemiologic studies that met all eligibility criteria were included. The theoretical framework of mobility was used to categorize factors related to mobility limitation. The majority of the studies reviewed (n = 17) examined some aspect of physical factors in relation to mobility limitation...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420317/the-role-of-coherence-of-mind-and-reflective-functioning-in-understanding-binge-eating-disorder-and-co-morbid-overweight
#7
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
Coherence of mind and reflective functioning may impact negative affect and interpersonal functioning over and above the effects of symptoms of depression and interpersonal problems that contribute to symptoms of binge-eating disorder (BED) and overweight/obesity. Matched samples of overweight women with BED and overweight and normal weight women without BED completed the Adult Attachment Interview, a measure of depressive symptoms, and a measure of interpersonal problems. Greater symptoms of depression distinguished women with BED from the matched comparison samples...
April 18, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420004/hearing-loss-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#8
Rebecca Heywood, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Philip Yap, Tih-Shih Lee, Keng Bee Yap, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze Pin Ng
AIM: To investigate the associations between hearing loss and prevalent and incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia and MCI or dementia (all cases). METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of baseline and follow-up data were performed in a population-based cohort. The baseline sample of 2,599 adults aged ≥55 included 1,515 cognitively normal subjects who were followed up to 8 years. Hearing loss at baseline was determined by the whispered voice test, and MCI and dementia by Mini-Mental State Examination screening, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, neurocognitive tests, MRI, and panel consensus diagnosis...
April 19, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419913/depression-and-anxiety-both-associate-with-serum-level-of-hs-crp-a-gender-stratified-analysis-in-a-population-based-study
#9
Maryam Tayefi, Mojtaba Shafiee, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Habibolah Esmaeili, Susan Darroudi, Samaneh Khakpouri, Maryam Mohammadi, Zahra Ghaneifar, Mahmoud Reza Azarpajouh, Mohsen Moohebati, Alireza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Mohsen Nematy, Mohammad Safarian, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Gordon A Ferns, Naghmeh Mokhber, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are two important mood disorders that are frequently associated with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Hyper-inflammation is related to both CVDs and psychological conditions such as depression and anxiety. Therefore, inflammation may partially explain the relationship between depression and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform a gender-stratified examination of the association between symptoms of depression/anxiety disorders and serum hs-CRP and inflammation linked conditions in a large Iranian population...
April 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419770/pilot-survey-of-the-health-of-massachusetts-dentists
#10
Romesh P Nalliah, Alan Budd, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
AIM: Dentistry is a career that is very rewarding because of the direct opportunity to deliver essential health services to patients in need. Dentistry is also very demanding; mentally, physically, and even emotionally. Little is known about the health of dentists and how it compares to the health of the general population. The aim of the present study was to report on the general health and health practices of dentists in Massachusetts. METHODS: A medical health and health practices survey was developed from the Delaware Valley Community Health Center and customized...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419637/self-reported-prevalence-description-and-management-of-pain-in-adults-with-haemophilia-methods-demographics-and-results-from-the-pain-functional-impairment-and-quality-of-life-p-fiq-study
#11
M Witkop, A Neff, T W Buckner, M Wang, K Batt, C M Kessler, D Quon, L Boggio, M Recht, K Baumann, R Z Gut, D L Cooper, C L Kempton
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is characterized by frequent haemarthrosis, leading to acute/chronic joint pain. AIM: To assess self-reported prevalence, description and management of pain in adult males with mild-to-severe haemophilia and history of joint pain/bleeding. METHODS: Participants completed a pain survey and five patient-reported outcome instruments assessing pain, functional impairment and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). RESULTS: Of 381 participants enrolled, median age was 34 years; 77% had haemophilia A, 71% had severe disease and 65% were overweight/obese...
April 16, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418197/body-mass-index-associates-with-white-matter-microstructure-in-bipolar-depression
#12
Elena Mazza, Sara Poletti, Irene Bollettini, Clara Locatelli, Andrea Falini, Cristina Colombo, Francesco Benedetti
OBJECTIVES: Obesity has been reported in over 60% of bipolar disorder (BD) patients. It worsens the severity of illness, and influences cognition and functional outcomes. White matter (WM) abnormalities are one of the most consistently reported findings in neuroimaging studies of BD. We hypothesized that body mass index (BMI) could correlate with WM integrity in bipolar patients. METHODS: We evaluated BMI in a sample of 164 depressed patients affected by BD. We performed whole-brain tract-based spatial statistics with threshold-free cluster enhancement for the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures of WM integrity: fractional anisotropy; axial, radial, and mean diffusivity...
April 18, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410467/examination-of-the-interpersonal-model-of-loss-of-control-eating-in-the-laboratory
#13
Lisa M Shank, Ross D Crosby, Anne Claire Grammer, Lauren B Shomaker, Anna Vannucci, Natasha L Burke, Monika Stojek, Sheila M Brady, Merel Kozlosky, James C Reynolds, Jack A Yanovski, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
BACKGROUND: The interpersonal model of loss of control (LOC) eating proposes that interpersonal problems lead to negative affect, which in turn contributes to the onset and/or persistence of LOC eating. Despite preliminary support, there are no data examining the construct validity of the interpersonal model of LOC eating using temporally sensitive reports of social stress, distinct negative affective states, and laboratory energy intake. METHOD: 117 healthy adolescent girls (BMI: 75th-97th %ile) were recruited for a prevention trial targeting excess weight gain in adolescent girls who reported LOC eating...
April 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408965/phospholipase-c-related-catalytically-inactive-protein-can-regulate-obesity-a-state-of-peripheral-inflammation
#14
REVIEW
Yosuke Yamawaki, Kana Oue, Satomi Shirawachi, Satoshi Asano, Kae Harada, Takashi Kanematsu
Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation. Chronic inflammation in fat influences the development of obesity-related diseases. Many reports state that obesity increases the risk of morbidity in many diseases, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, and breast, prostate and colon cancers, leading to increased mortality. Obesity is also associated with chronic neuropathologic conditions such as depression and Alzheimer's disease. However, there is strong evidence that weight loss reduces these risks, by limiting blood pressure and improving levels of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol...
February 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407040/experiences-of-discrimination-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#15
Kara M Whitaker, Susan A Everson-Rose, James S Pankow, Carlos J Rodriguez, Tené T Lewis, Kiarri N Kershaw, Ana V Diez Roux, Pamela L Lutsey
Experiences of discrimination are associated with increased risk of adverse health outcomes; however, it is unknown whether discrimination is related to incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes). We investigated the associations of major experiences of discrimination (unfair treatment in 6 situations) and everyday discrimination (frequency of day-to-day experiences of unfair treatment) with incident diabetes among 5,310 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, enrolled in 2000-2002. Using Cox proportional hazards models, we estimated hazard ratios and confidence intervals, adjusting for demographic factors, depressive symptoms, stress, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, diet, waist circumference, and body mass index...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403502/-innovative-e-health-approaches-for-comorbid-depression-in-patients-with-obesity-patient-and-expert-perspectives-on-user-acceptance
#16
Margrit Löbner, Janine Stein, Theresia Rost, Franziska Förster, Marie Dorow, Jana Keller, Enrico Weidauer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
Objective Patients with chronic somatic diseases such as obesity often suffer from comorbid depressive disorders and present a great challenge for the medical health care system. The study aims to investigate the user acceptance of an internet-based self-management program regarding depression (using the example of MoodGYM) from two different perspectives: (A) the perspective of patients as well as (B) the perspective of experts based on Rogers´ 5 stages model of the innovation-decision process (2003). Methods This study is following a qualitative design including qualitative patient interviews (N = 7) and a focus group with medical experts (N = 12)...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401646/exploring-the-association-between-childhood-and-adolescent-obesity-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Ying-Hui Quek, Wilson W S Tam, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between childhood and adolescent obesity and depression. We systematically searched PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE and Science Direct for studies that compared prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms in normal weight and obese children and adolescents. Observational studies were included if they reported body mass index and assessed depression by validated instruments or diagnostic interviews. Quality assessment was performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396652/using-routine-hemoglobin-a1c-testing-to-determine-the-glycemic-status-in-psychiatric-inpatients
#18
Pratyusha Naidu, Leonid Churilov, Alvin Kong, Richard Kanaan, Henry Wong, Arielle Van Mourik, Anthony Yao, Elizabeth Cornish, Mariam Hachem, Graeme K Hart, Elizabeth Owen-Jones, Raymond Robbins, Que Lam, Katherine Samaras, Jeffrey D Zajac, Elif I Ekinci
AIM: Using routine hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) testing to describe the prevalence, characteristics, and length of stay (LOS) of psychiatry inpatients with type 2 diabetes compared to those with pre-diabetes and those without diabetes. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, all inpatients aged greater than 30 years admitted to the Austin Health Psychiatry Unit, a major tertiary hospital, affiliated with the University of Melbourne, between February 2014 and April 2015 had routine HbA1c testing as part of the Diabetes Discovery Initiative...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396407/life-skills-wealth-health-and-wellbeing-in-later-life
#19
Andrew Steptoe, Jane Wardle
Life skills play a key role in promoting educational and occupational success in early life, but their relevance at older ages is uncertain. Here we measured five life skills-conscientiousness, emotional stability, determination, control, and optimism-in 8,119 men and women aged 52 and older (mean 66.7 y). We show that the number of skills is associated with wealth, income, subjective wellbeing, less depression, low social isolation and loneliness, more close relationships, better self-rated health, fewer chronic diseases and impaired activities of daily living, faster walking speed, and favorable objective biomarkers (concentration of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, vitamin D and C-reactive protein, and less central obesity)...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394727/overweight-and-obesity-associated-with-higher-depression-prevalence-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Emile Pereira-Miranda, Priscila R F Costa, Valterlinda A O Queiroz, Marcos Pereira-Santos, Mônica L P Santana
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to review and synthesize scientific evidence to assess the association between excess body weight and depression among adults. METHODS: The systematic research of observational studies was held from January to March 2015 on Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, PsycInfo, Psicodoc, Psycarticles, and Isi Web. A prevalence ratio (PR) was adopted as a summary measurement. All articles were evaluated for methodological quality and risk of bias...
April 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
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