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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813465/long-term-persistent-infection-of-hpv-16-e6-up-regulate-sp1-and-htert-by-inhibiting-lkb1-in-lung-cancer-cells
#1
Jing-Hua Yang, Xiao-Yan Li, Xin Wang, Wei-Jian Hou, Xue-Shan Qiu, En-Hua Wang, Guang-Ping Wu
HPV 16 E6 upregulates hTERT expression in lung cancer cells. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is unclear. In this paper, E6, LKB1, SP1, and hTERT mRNA expression levels were detected in brushing cells of patients with lung cancer (n = 106) and with benign lung disease (n = 68) by qRT-PCR. The mRNA expression levels of E6, SP1, and hTERT were significantly increased in the malignant group compared with the benign group (P < 0.01). Conversely, the mRNA expression level of LKB1 was significantly decreased in the malignant group (P < 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811896/effect-of-achillea-wilhelmsii-extract-on-expression-of-the-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-mrna-in-the-pc3-prostate-cancer-cell-line
#2
Mojtaba Ashtiani, Fariba Nabatchian, Hamid Reza Galavi, Ramin Saravani, Farzaneh Farajian-Mashhadi, Saeedeh Salimi
Evidence has indicated that human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) was overexpressed in prostate cancer (PCa). Achillea wilhelmsii (AW) is a plant that has been traditionally used for its medicinal properties. The aim of current study was to evaluate the effects of AW extract on a PCa cell line. The cytotoxic activity of the hydroalcoholic extract of AW was studied on the PCa PC3 cell line using MTT assay. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the effects of the extract on the apoptosis. The expression of hTERT mRNA was analyzed by the reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction method...
September 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810880/nlrp7-contributes-to-in-vitro-decidualization-of-endometrial-stromal-cells
#3
Jyun-Yuan Huang, Pei-Hsiu Yu, Yueh-Chun Li, Pao-Lin Kuo
BACKGROUND: Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NACHT), leucine rich repeat (LRR) and pyrin domain (PYD) 7 containing protein, NLRP7, is a member of the NLR family which serves as innate immune sensors. Mutations and genetic variants of NLRP7 have been found in women with infertility associated conditions, such as recurrent hydatidiform mole, recurrent miscarriage, and preeclampsia. Decidualization of endometrial stromal cells is a hallmark of tissue remodeling to support embryo implantation and proper placental development...
August 15, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799566/shrna-mediated-silencing-of-htert-suppresses-proliferation-and-promotes-apoptosis-in-osteosarcoma-cells
#4
P Chen, W-L Gu, M-Z Gong, J Wang, D-Q Li
In this study, we aim to explore the effects of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) on the proliferation and apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells. After the synthesis of shRNA that target hTERT, osteosarcoma cells were assigned into three experimental groups-shRNA group, scramble group and blank group. The transcription and expressions of the hTERT gene in transfected cells were measured with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Cell proliferation in each group was detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay...
August 11, 2017: Cancer Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796247/p53-dependent-downregulation-of-htert-protein-expression-and-telomerase-activity-induces-senescence-in-lung-cancer-cells-as-a-result-of-pterostilbene-treatment
#5
Rong-Jane Chen, Pei-Hsuan Wu, Chi-Tang Ho, Tzong-Der Way, Min-Hsiung Pan, Hsiu-Min Chen, Yuan-Soon Ho, Ying-Jan Wang
Cellular senescence is characterized by permanent cell cycle arrest, triggered by a variety of stresses, such as telomerase inhibition, and it is recognized as a tumor-suppressor mechanism. In recent years, telomerase has become an important therapeutic target in several cancers; inhibition of telomerase can induce senescence via the DNA damage response (DDR). Pterostilbene (PT), a dimethyl ether analog of resveratrol, possesses a variety of biological functions, including anticancer effects; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully understood...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780124/antitumour-activity-of-resveratrol-on-human-melanoma-cells-a-possible-mechanism-related-to-its-interaction-with-malignant-cell-telomerase
#6
Chiara Platella, Serena Guida, Laura Bonmassar, Angelo Aquino, Enzo Bonmassar, Giampiero Ravagnan, Daniela Montesarchio, Giovanni N Roviello, Domenica Musumeci, Maria Pia Fuggetta
BACKGROUND: trans-resveratrol (tRES) is a polyphenolic stilbene found in plant products which has attracted great attention because of its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties. METHODS: The possible correlation between tRES-induced suppression of melanoma cell growth and its influence on telomerase expression has been investigated by biological assays. Moreover, in order to gain new knowledge about possible mechanisms of action of tRES as antineoplastic agent, its interaction with biologically relevant secondary structure-forming DNA sequences, its aggregation properties and copper-binding activity have been studied by CD, UV and fluorescence spectroscopies...
August 2, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767448/selective-cytotoxicity-of-vanadium-complexes-on-human-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-cell-line-by-inducing-necroptosis-apoptosis-and-mitotic-catastrophe-process
#7
Szymon Kowalski, Stanisław Hać, Dariusz Wyrzykowski, Agata Zauszkiewicz-Pawlak, Iwona Inkielewicz-Stępniak
The pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death and characterized by one of the lowest five-year survival rate. The current therapeutic options are demonstrating minimal effectiveness, therefore studies on new potential anticancer compounds, with non-significant side effects are highly desirable. Recently, it was demonstrated that vanadium compounds, in particular organic derivatives, exhibit anticancer properties against different type of tumor as well as favorable biodistribution from a pancreatic cancer treatment perspective...
July 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766760/the-methylation-status-and-expression-of-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-is-significantly-high-in-oral-carcinogenesis
#8
Kazuya Haraguchi, Naomi Yada, Shinobu Sato, Manabu Habu, Mana Hayakawa, Osamu Takahashi, Masaaki Sasaguri, Shigeori Takenaka, Izumi Yoshioka, Kou Matsuo, Kazuhiro Tominaga
Telomerase activity is present in most cancers and is tightly regulated by the expression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT). Hypermethylation in the promoter region of hTERT contributes to the regulation of hTERT expression. In this study, we investigated the methylation and expression of hTERT in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), oral leukoplakia, and normal oral mucosa. Furthermore, we investigated the significance of hTERT to the clinicopathological findings of OSCC. 35 OSCC, 50 oral leukoplakia (epithelial dysplasia n = 25, squamous cell hyperplasia n = 25), and 10 normal oral mucosa samples were investigated through methylation-specific PCR...
September 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765933/gene-therapy-for-human-ovarian-cancer-cells-using-efficient-expression-of-fas-gene-combined-with-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells
#9
Jiajing Lin, Dingyuan Zeng, Hongying He, Guangping Tan, Ying Lan, Fuyan Jiang, Shuting Sheng
Low tissue specificity and efficiency of exogenous gene expression are the two major obstacles in tumor‑targeted gene therapy. The Fas cell surface death receptor (Fas)/Fas ligand pathway is one of the primary pathways responsible for the regulation of cell apoptosis. The aim of the present study was to explore whether the regulation of tumor specific promoters and a two‑step transcriptional amplification system (TSTA) assured efficient, targeted expression of their downstream Fas gene in human ovarian cancer cells, and to assess the killing effect of γδT cells on these cells with high Fas expression...
July 27, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764725/distinct-effects-of-egfr-inhibitors-on-epithelial-and-mesenchymal-like-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#10
Masahiro Yoshioka, Shinya Ohashi, Tomomi Ida, Yukie Nakai, Osamu Kikuchi, Yusuke Amanuma, Junichi Matsubara, Atsushi Yamada, Shin'ichi Miyamoto, Mitsuteru Natsuizaka, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Tsutomu Chiba, Hiroshi Seno, Manabu Muto
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the clinical effects of EGFR inhibitors on ESCC are controversial. This study sought to identify the factors determining the therapeutic efficacy of EGFR inhibitors in ESCC cells. METHODS: Immortalized-human esophageal epithelial cells (EPC2-hTERT), transformed-human esophageal epithelial cells (T-Epi and T-Mes), and ESCC cells (TE-1, TE-5, TE-8, TE-11, TE-11R, and HCE4) were treated with the EGFR inhibitors erlotinib or cetuximab...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756592/evaluating-the-potential-of-circulating-htert-levels-in-glioma-can-plasma-levels-serve-as-an-independent-prognostic-marker
#11
Puneet Gandhi, Richa Khare, Nitin Garg
Glioma is an aggressive primary Neuro-epithelial tumor with dismal prognosis, since there is a lack of molecular work-up during routine radiological monitoring of the disease. Currently, a number of potential molecular prognostic and predictive biomarkers are being characterized in line with structured diagnosis defined in World Health Organization guidelines 2016. Human-telomerase reverse-transcriptase (hTERT), a marker of proliferation and maintenance of genomic integrity has thus been investigated for its clinical relevance as an independent prognosticator in glioma...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755323/detection-of-the-alternative-lengthening-of-telomeres-pathway-in-malignant-gliomas-for-improved-molecular-diagnosis
#12
Anne Fogli, Marie-Véronique Demattei, Laetitia Corset, Catherine Vaurs-Barrière, Emmanuel Chautard, Julian Biau, Jean-Louis Kémény, Catherine Godfraind, Bruno Pereira, Toufik Khalil, Nathalie Grandin, Philippe Arnaud, Michel Charbonneau, Pierre Verrelle
Human malignant gliomas exhibit acquisition of either one of two telomere maintenance mechanisms, resulting from either reactivation of telomerase expression or activation of an alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) mechanism. In the present study, we analyzed 63 human malignant gliomas for the presence of ALT-specific extrachromosomal circles of telomeric DNA (C-circles) and measured telomerase expression, telomeric DNA content (Telo/Alu method), and telomeric repeat-containing RNAs (TERRA) levels. We also assessed histomolecular markers routinely used in clinical practice...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749462/keratin-23-promotes-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-expression-and-human-colorectal-cancer-growth
#13
Ningning Zhang, Rui Zhang, Kun Zou, Wendan Yu, Wei Guo, Yingying Gao, Jia Li, Mei Li, Yidi Tai, Wenlin Huang, Chun Song, Wuguo Deng, Xiaonan Cui
The overexpression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) has been associated with the proliferation and migration of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. We investigated the roles of KRT23 and hTERT in promoting CRC cell proliferation and migration. We verified the relationship between KRT23 and hTERT in CRC using streptavidin-agarose pulldown and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. One hundred and fifty-four human CRC specimens were analyzed using immunohistochemistry. The roles of KRT23 and hTERT in cell growth and migration were studied using siRNA and lentiviruses in vivo and in vitro...
July 27, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735626/differentiation-of-hmsc-and-hpdlsc-induced-by-pge2-or-bmp-7-in-3d-models
#14
Christina Ern, Tamara Berger, Iris Frasheri, Richard Heym, Reinhard Hickel, Matthias Folwaczny
Regenerative therapies of pathogenic tissue defects are gaining increasing importance in periodontology. Among others, the osteogenic effect of BMP-7 seems to play a major role in the development of teeth and alveolar bone. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSC), as well as human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC), show the ability to differentiate into various types of tissues. Regarding prostaglandin E2, many studies have confirmed that it is involved in the inflammation associated to periodontitis stimulating osteoclasts, which ultimately leads to resorption of tooth supporting bone...
July 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726783/kmt2a-promotes-melanoma-cell-growth-by-targeting-htert-signaling-pathway
#15
Changlin Zhang, Chen Song, Tianze Liu, Ranran Tang, Miao Chen, Fan Gao, Binyi Xiao, Ge Qin, Fen Shi, Wenbin Li, Yixin Li, Xiaoyan Fu, Dingbo Shi, Xiangsheng Xiao, Lan Kang, Wenlin Huang, Xiaojun Wu, Bing Tang, Wuguo Deng
Melanoma is an aggressive cutaneous malignancy, illuminating the exact mechanisms and finding novel therapeutic targets are urgently needed. In this study, we identified KMT2A as a potential target, which promoted the growth of human melanoma cells. KMT2A knockdown significantly inhibited cell viability and cell migration and induced apoptosis, whereas KMT2A overexpression effectively promoted cell proliferation in various melanoma cell lines. Further study showed that KMT2A regulated melanoma cell growth by targeting the hTERT-dependent signal pathway...
July 20, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723630/functional-role-of-setd2-bap1-parp-3-and-pbrm1-candidate-genes-on-the-regulation-of-htert-gene-expression
#16
Hannah Linne, Hemad Yasaei, Alison Marriott, Amanda Harvey, Kefah Mokbel, Robert Newbold, Terry Roberts
Narrowing the search for the critical hTERT repressor sequence(s) has identified three regions on chromosome 3p (3p12-p21.1, 3p21.2 and 3p21.3-p22). However, the precise location and identity of the sequence(s) responsible for hTERT transcriptional repression remains elusive. In order to identify critical hTERT repressor sequences located within human chromosome 3p12-p22, we investigated hTERT transcriptional activity within 21NT microcell hybrid clones containing chromosome 3 fragments. Mapping of chromosome 3 structure in a single hTERT-repressed 21NT-#3fragment hybrid clone, revealed a 490kb region of deletion localised to 3p21...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717007/epigenetic-suppression-of-human-telomerase-htert-is-mediated-by-the-metastasis-suppressor-nme2-in-a-g-quadruplex-dependent-fashion
#17
Dhurjhoti Saha, Ankita Singh, Tabish Hussain, Vivek Srivastava, Suman Sengupta, Anirban Kar, Parashar Dhapola, Vishnu Dhople, Ramesh Ummani, Shantanu Chowdhury
Transcriptional activation of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene, which remains repressed in adult somatic cells, is critical during tumorigenesis. Several transcription factors and the epigenetic state of the hTERT promoter are known to be important for tight control of hTERT in normal tissues, but the molecular mechanisms leading to hTERT reactivation in cancer are not well understood. Surprisingly, here we found occupancy of the metastasis suppressor nonmetastatic 2 (NME2) within hTERT core promoter in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells and HCT116 colon cancer cells, and NME2 mediated transcriptional repression of hTERT in these cells...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716107/biomarkers-of-resistance-to-radiation-therapy-a-prospective-study-in-cervical-carcinoma
#18
P Moreno-Acosta, A Vallard, S Carrillo, O Gamboa, A Romero-Rojas, M Molano, J Acosta, D Mayorga, C Rancoule, M A Garcia, M Cotes Mestre, N Magné
BACKGROUND: Clinical parameters and proteins have recently been suggested as possible causes of radiotherapy (RT) resistance in cervical carcinoma (CC). The objective of the present study was to validate prognostic biomarkers of radiation resistance. METHODS: The present prospective study included patients undergoing RT with curative intent for histologically proven locally advanced squamous cell CC. Tissues and blood samples were systematically collected before RT initiation...
July 17, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713902/establishment-and-characterization-of-cell-lines-derived-from-complete-hydatidiform-mole
#19
Eiko Yamamoto, Kaoru Niimi, Tohru Kiyono, Toshimichi Yamamoto, Kimihiro Nishino, Kenichi Nakamura, Tomomi Kotani, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Kiyosumi Shibata, Fumitaka Kikkawa
Gestational trophoblastic diseases (GTDs) are a group of diseases characterized by abnormal cellular proliferation of atypical trophoblasts. A hydatidiform mole is an abnormal pregnancy caused by genetic fertilization disorders, and it can be classified as a complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) or a partial hydatidiform mole. The aim of this study was to establish cell lines from CHMs and to characterize the cells for future studies concerning GTD. HMol1-2C, HMol1-3B, HMol1-8 and HMol3-1B were established from primary cultures of CHM explants following the introduction of different combinations of genes including human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), a mutant form of CDK (CDK4R24C), cyclin D1, p53C234, MYC and HRAS...
September 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706881/assessment-effects-of-resveratrol-on-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-messenger-ribonucleic-acid-transcript-in-human-glioblastoma
#20
Azin Mirzazadeh, Majid Kheirollahi, Ehsan Farashahi, Fatemeh Sadeghian-Nodoushan, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Behrouz Aflatoonian
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive brain tumor, which has a poor prognosis despite the advent of different therapeutic strategies. There are numerous molecular biomarkers to contribute diagnosis, prognosis, and prediction of response to the current therapy in GBM. One of the most important markers that are potentially valuable is immortalization-specific or immortalization-associated marker named "hTERT messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)" the key subunit of telomerase enzyme, which is expressed in more than 85% of cancer cells, in spite of the majority of normal somatic cells...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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