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pci in stable angina

Cosmo Godino, Antonio Colombo, Alberto Margonato
Heart rate is an established prognostic marker for longevity and is an important contributor in the pathophysiology of various cardiovascular diseases, including ischemic heart disease and heart failure. Most ischemic episodes are triggered by an increase in heart rate, which causes an imbalance between myocardial oxygen delivery and consumption. In addition, increased heart rate is a modifiable risk factor for chronic heart failure. Ivabradine, an inhibitor of If ion channels, is an approved second-line anti-ischemic drug for the treatment of angina...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
Dae Young Hyun, Myung Ho Jeong, Doo Sun Sim, Yun Ah Jeong, Kyung Hoon Cho, Min Chul Kim, Hyun Kuk Kim, Hae Chang Jeong, Keun Ho Park, Young Joon Hong, Jun Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Jung Chaee Kang
Background/Aims: This study appraised the long term clinical outcomes of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. There are limited data regarding long-term clinical outcomes after PCI for ULMCA disease. Methods: From 2001 to 2011, a total of 448 patients who underwent PCI for ULMCA disease and had 2-year clinical follow-up, were analyzed. The study patients were divided into two groups: group I (stable angina pectoris [SAP], n = 60, 48 men, 62 ± 10 years) and group II (acute coronary syndrome [ACS], n = 388, 291 men, 64 ± 10 years)...
October 18, 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Davyd Yakhontov
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors (RF) prevalence and compliance in hypertension (Ht) associated with coronary artery diseases (CAD) pts - West Siberia residents. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 151 pts with Ht grade 1-3 and stable angina 54,8 ± 0,7 years old divided in 3 groups. The 1 group included 43 Ht pts with uncomplicated angina and intact coronary arteries, the 2 group - 47 Ht pts with angina and percutaneous coronary intervention last 1-3 years, the 3 group - 61 Ht pts with myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke last 1-3 years...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yohei Shibata, Hideki Ishii, Susumu Suzuki, Akihito Tanaka, Yosuke Tatami, Shingo Harata, Tomoyuki Ota, Yusaku Shimbo, Yohei Takayama, Ayako Kunimura, Kenshi Hirayama, Kazuhiro Harada, Naohiro Osugi, Toyoaki Murohara
AIMS: Previous studies have shown that aortic valve calcification (AVC) was associated with cardiovascular events and mortality. On the other hand, periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a well-known predictor of subsequent mortality and poor clinical outcomes. The purpose of the study was to assess the hypothesis that the presence of AVC could predict PMI in PCI. METHODS: This study included 370 patients treated with PCI for stable angina pectoris...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
J Yu, J-L Han, G-S Wang, L-J Guo, W Gao
AIM: Serum total bilirubin (STB), a protective cardiovascular factor, was retrospectively investigated to determine the relationship between STB levels and the severity of disease in Chinese patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 347 eligible patients presenting to our department from December 2007 to December 2012 were divided into tertiles according to their Syntax scores (low, moderate, and high). To clarify the association between STB levels and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), all patients were divided into two groups according to the median baseline STB (greater than or less than 13...
October 6, 2016: Herz
Ali E Denktas, David Paniagua, Hani Jneid
Coronary artery disease is the most prevalent cardiovascular disease in the USA. In the majority of settings, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable coronary artery disease (CAD) reduces angina and improves quality of life; however, it does not improve survival and is associated with infrequent but serious complications. Selection of appropriate patients and coronary lesions for revascularization with PCI is crucial to maximize the benefit-to-risk ratio. The assessment of the hemodynamic significance of intermediate coronary lesions has been shown to improve outcomes and reduce healthcare costs...
October 2016: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Jérémie Abtan, P Gabriel Steg, Gregg W Stone, Kenneth W Mahaffey, C Michael Gibson, Christian W Hamm, Matthew J Price, Freddy Abnousi, Jayne Prats, Efthymios N Deliargyris, Harvey D White, Robert A Harrington, Deepak L Bhatt
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of cangrelor in patients with stable angina (SA) or acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND: The CHAMPION PHOENIX (A Clinical Trial Comparing Cangrelor to Clopidogrel Standard Therapy in Subjects Who Require Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) trial demonstrated that cangrelor significantly reduced periprocedural ischemic events in all-comer percutaneous coronary intervention with a modest increase in mild and moderate bleeding...
September 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Aisha Khattak, Ernest I Mandel, Matthew R Reynolds, David M Charytan
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) use is low in the setting of stable symptomatic angina in individuals with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) despite high cardiovascular risk in this population, and PCI is frequently deferred out of concern for precipitating dialysis therapy. Whether this is appropriate is uncertain, and patient-centered data comparing the relative risks and benefits of continued medical therapy versus PCI in patients with advanced CKD and stable angina are scarce...
September 16, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Davyd Yakhontov
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors (RF) prevalence and compliance in hypertension (Ht) associated with coronary artery diseases (CAD) pts - West Siberia residents. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 151 pts with Ht grade 1-3 and stable angina 54,8 ± 0,7 years old divided in 3 groups. The 1 group included 43 Ht pts with uncomplicated angina and intact coronary arteries, the 2 group - 47 Ht pts with angina and percutaneous coronary intervention last 1-3 years, the 3 group - 61 Ht pts with myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke last 1-3 years...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Findings from the Look AHEAD trial showed no significant reductions in the primary outcome of cardiovascular disease incidence in adults with type 2 diabetes randomly assigned to an intensive lifestyle intervention for weight loss compared with those randomly assigned to diabetes support and education (control). We examined whether the incidence of cardiovascular disease in Look AHEAD varied by changes in weight or fitness. METHODS: Look AHEAD was a randomised clinical trial done at 16 clinical sites in the USA, recruiting patients from Aug 22, 2001, to April 30, 2004...
August 30, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Chao-Chien Chang, Yueh-Chung Chen, Eng-Thiam Ong, Wei-Cheng Chen, Chia-Hsiu Chang, Kuan-Jen Chen, Cheng-Wen Chiang
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been widely used to treat acute coronary syndrome but is only recommended as an additional treatment to medical therapy and risk modification in patients with refractory or progressing angina. The number of PCI in this patient population is still increasing. Post-PCI chest pain (PPCP) is one of the common problems of PCI. Its presentation and causes in patients with stable angina are poorly understood. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively collected clinical information of 167 patients who had stable angina and underwent elective PCI, including 70 patients with PPCP 24 hours after procedure and 97 patients without PPCP...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Nicholas P Curzen, James Nolan, Azfar G Zaman, Bjarne L Nørgaard, Ronak Rajani
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the effect of adding computed tomography-derived fractional flow reserve (FFRCT) data to computed tomography angiographic (CTA) data alone for assessment of lesion severity and patient management in 200 patients with chest pain. BACKGROUND: Invasive and noninvasive tests used in the assessment of patients with angina all have disadvantages. The ideal screening test for patients presenting for the first time with chest pain would describe both coronary anatomy and the presence of ischemia and would be readily accessible, low cost, and noninvasive...
October 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Apurva A Motivala, Valay Parikh, Matthew Roe, David Dai, J Dawn Abbott, Abhiram Prasad, Debabrata Mukherjee
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine predictors, trends, and outcomes associated with β-blocker prescriptions at discharge in patients with stable angina without prior history of myocardial infarction (MI) or systolic heart failure (HF) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The benefits of β-blockers in patients with MI and/or systolic HF are well established. However, whether β-blockers affect outcomes in patients with stable angina, especially after PCI, remains uncertain...
August 22, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Hai-Yu Li, Xin Zhao, Yu-Zhou Liu, Zhe Meng, Dan Wang, Fan Yang, Qiang-Wei Shi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major problem worldwide. As an endothelium-enriched microRNA (miRNA), miR-126 has been reported to serve as a potential biomarker of acute myocardial infarction. However, the relationship between miR-126 and the severity of CAD remains unknown. This study was designed to test whether circulating miR-126 levels are associated with the severity of CAD. METHODS: The present study enrolled 40 patients who had risk factors for CAD without angiographically significant CAD, and 110 patients presenting with stable angina pectoris, who were validated left main coronary artery disease (LMCA) and/or multi-vessel disease by coronary angiography...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Truls Råmunddal, Loes P Hoebers, José P S Henriques, Christian Dworeck, Oskar Angerås, Jacob Odenstedt, Dan Ioanes, Göran Olivecrona, Jan Harnek, Ulf Jensen, Mikael Aasa, Per Albertsson, Hans Wedel, Elmir Omerovic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic impact of chronic total occlusion (CTO) on long-term mortality in a large prospective cohort. BACKGROUND: CTO is present in many patients with coronary artery disease and is difficult to treat with percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: The study population consisted of all consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography in Sweden between January 1, 2005 and January 1, 2012, who were registered in SCAAR (Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry)...
August 8, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Sergio Leonardi, Renato D Lopes, Ph Gabriel Steg, Freddy Abnousi, Alberto Menozzi, Jayne Prats, Stacey Mangum, Matthew Wilson, Meredith Todd, Gregg W Stone, C Michael Gibson, Christian W Hamm, Matthew J Price, Harvey D White, Robert A Harrington, Deepak L Bhatt, Kenneth W Mahaffey
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to test whether different results between Cangrelor versus standard therapy to acHieve optimal Management of Platelet InhibitiON (CHAMPION) PCI/PLATFORM and PHOENIX trials are due in part to different definitions of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-related myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the definition of MI was identical in CHAMPION PCI and PLATFORM and did not require an assessment of baseline cardiac biomarker status, while in PHOENIX specific MI criteria were associated with different patient presentations...
August 2, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Fuyu Qiu, Gary S Mintz, Bernhard Witzenbichler, D Christopher Metzger, Michael J Rinaldi, Peter L Duffy, Giora Weisz, Thomas D Stuckey, Bruce R Brodie, Rupa Parvataneni, Ajay J Kirtane, Gregg W Stone, Akiko Maehara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and long-term clinical impact of tissue protrusion (TP) after stent implantation. BACKGROUND: Stent implantation may be associated with tissue (plaque or thrombus) protrusion, especially in unstable lesions, but its clinical impact is unknown. METHODS: ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents) was a prospective multicenter study of 8,663 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents...
July 25, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Ali Buturak, Aleks Değirmencioğlu, Fatih Bayrak, Tuncay Kırış, Hüseyin Karakurt, Ali Rıza Demir, Özgür Sürgit, Mehmet Ertürk
OBJECTIVE: Bioactive roles of adipokines in coronary atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes have been demonstrated previously. However, there is a lack of data regarding the relationship between serum adipokines and periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) following elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between serum adipokines and PMI related to elective PCI. METHODS: In total, 153 consecutive patients (aged 60...
June 29, 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Shigeki Kimura, Tomoyo Sugiyama, Keiichi Hishikari, Shun Nakamura, Shun Nakagama, Toru Misawa, Masafumi Mizusawa, Kazuto Hayasaka, Yosuke Yamakami, Yuichiro Sagawa, Keisuke Kojima, Hirofumi Ohtani, Hiroyuki Hikita, Atsushi Takahashi, Mitsuaki Isobe
Several characteristics of neointimal tissues, including neoatherosclerotic progression, have been reported in lesions with in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, the effects of these characteristics on outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ISR lesions remain unclear. We assessed the relationships between neointimal tissue characteristics and the occurrence of periprocedural myonecrosis (PMN) after PCI in ISR lesions. We investigated 72 ISR lesions in 72 patients with stable angina pectoris (SAP) who underwent pre- and post-revascularization optical coherence tomography (OCT) and coronary angioscopy (CAS)...
October 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Giuseppe M C Rosano, Cristiana Vitale, Maurizio Volterrani
Percutaneous coronary intervention and anti-anginal medications have similar prognostic effectiveness in patients with chronic stable angina. The choice of optimal medical therapy for the management of chronic angina is of pivotal importance in patients with stable ischemic heart disease. The most commonly used anti-anginal agents have demonstrated equivalent efficacy in improving patient reported ischemic symptoms and quantitative exercise parameters. With regards to mortality, beta-blockers are beneficial only in the setting of depressed left ventricular systolic function after a recent myocardial infarction...
August 2016: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
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