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Non hodgkin's lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029365/eighteen-month-lamivudine-prophylaxis-on-preventing-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-infection-reactivation-in-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-receiving-immunosuppression-therapy
#1
Aldo Marrone, Nicolina Capoluongo, Chiara D'Amore, Mariantonietta Pisaturo, Mariarosaria Esposito, Salvatore Guastafierro, Isabella Siniscalchi, Margherita Macera, Adriana Boemio, Lorenzo Onorato, Luca Rinaldi, Carmine Minichini, Luigi Elio Adinolfi, Evangelista Sagnelli, Lucia Mastrullo, Nicola Coppola
This study evaluated the long-term efficacy and safety of an 18-month lamivudine prophylaxis in 68 HBsAg-negative/anti-HBc-positive patients with onco-hematological disease. All 68 consecutive HBsAg-negative/anti-HBc-positive patients with an onco-hematological disease and naïve for chemotherapy observed from April 2008 to December 2012 at two Hematology Units in Naples were treated with lamivudine for 18 months after stopping chemotherapy and monitored for HBsAg at months 1 and 3 during chemotherapy and then every three months after its discontinuation...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027001/cancer-incidence-in-urban-rural-and-densely-populated-districts-close-to-core-cities-in-bavaria-germany
#2
M Radespiel-Tröger, K Geiss, D Twardella, W Maier, M Meyer
OBJECTIVE: An ecologic study on the level of districts was performed to evaluate the possible association between district type and risk of cancer in Bavaria, Southern Germany. METHODS: Cancer incidence data for the years 2003-2012 were obtained from the population-based cancer registry Bavaria according to sex and cancer site. Data on district type, socio-economic area deprivation, particulate matter exposure, tobacco consumption, and alcohol consumption were obtained from publicly available sources...
October 12, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025287/-incidence-and-treatment-of-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-hungarian-experiences
#3
Annamária Bakos, Árpád Szomor, Tamás Schneider, Zsófia Miltényi, Imelda Marton, Zita Borbényi, Judit Pammer, László Krenács, Enikő Bagdi, Klára Piukovics
INTRODUCTION: Extranodal natural killer/T (NK/T) cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) represents a rare subtype of T-cell lymphomas with aggressive clinical behavior according to WHO 2016 classification. AIM: ENKTL has distinctive geographic distribution with higher incidence in Asia and Latin America (10% of all non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases), than in Europe and North America (<1%). ENKTL tipically origins from nasopharynx and upper aerodigestive tract. Anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens are largely ineffective in the treatment of ENKTL...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025286/-thalidomide-therapy-in-relapsed-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-elderly-patients-three-cases
#4
Nikolett Wohner, Gergely Varga, Péter Szloboda, Péter Farkas, András Masszi, Laura Horváth, Gergely Szombath, Judit Várkonyi, Szabolcs Benedek, Tamás Masszi
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a high-grade lymphoproliferative disease, is the most common lymphoma in adults, representing 31% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). In elderly patients treatment is problematic because of the high toxicity of standard chemotherapy protocols, especially in relapsed cases, where high-dose chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation would be the best choice. More and more data is becoming available on alternative treatment of refractory/relapsed NHL, including studies on the positive effect of thalidomide and second generation IMiDs in DLBCL, which are already part of the standard treatment protocol in myeloma multiplex and myelodysplasia...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024572/radiological-manifestations-of-immune-related-adverse-effects-observed-in-patients-with-melanoma-undergoing-immunotherapy
#5
Parveen Sidhu, Alexander M Menzies, Georgina Long, Matteo Carlino, Shirleen Lorens, Rony Kapoor
Immunotherapy drugs work by stimulating the patient's own immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells. This subclass of drugs is increasingly administered to patients with advanced melanoma. They are also commonly incorporated into other cancer therapies such as non-small cell lung cancer, renal cancer, head and neck cancers and Hodgkin lymphoma. The most commonly administered immunotherapeutic agents in the treatment of melanoma include programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitors, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitors and a subclass of cytokines...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022494/colder-environments-are-associated-with-a-greater-cancer-incidence-in-the-female-population-of-the-united-states
#6
Ankit Sharma, Tanu Sharma, Mahaveer S Panwar, Devesh Sharma, Rashmi Bundel, Ryan T Hamilton, James A Radosevich, Chandi C Mandal
Cancer incidence and/or mortality among individuals varies with diet, socio-culture, ethnicity, race, gender, and age. Similarly, environmental temperature modulates many biological functions. To study the effect of environment temperature on cancer incidence, the US population was selected. Because, county-wise cancer incidence rate data of various anatomical site-specific cancers and different races/ethnicities for both males and females are available. Moreover, the differences amongst the aforementioned factors among individuals are much less, as compared to the world population...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022078/survival-benefit-of-mantle-cell-lymphoma-patients-enrolled-in-clinical-trials-a-joint-study-from-the-lysa-group-and-french-cancer-registries
#7
Alix Augustin, Steven Le Gouill, Rémy Gressin, Aurélie Bertaut, Alain Monnereau, Anne-Sophie Woronoff, Brigitte Trétarre, Patricia Delafosse, Xavier Troussard, Anne Moreau, Olivier Hermine, Marc Maynadié
PURPOSE: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare non-Hodgkin's lymphoma entity with a poor prognosis. Therapeutic advances have improved the survival of patients enrolled in clinical trials; however, their impact on patients outside clinical trials remains unclear. In this work, we compared patient outcome inside and outside clinical trials. METHODS: We identified MCL patients recorded in six French population-based registries between 2008 and 2012 to perform a comparison with patients enrolled in two prospective multicenter MCL clinical trials conducted by the LYSA group during the same period...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020961/hazardous-waste-and-health-impact-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#8
REVIEW
L Fazzo, F Minichilli, M Santoro, A Ceccarini, M Della Seta, F Bianchi, P Comba, M Martuzzi
Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous waste are worldwide challenges. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. The following five steps, based on pre-defined systematic criteria, were applied. 1. Specify the research question, in terms of "Population-Exposure-Comparators-Outcomes" (PECO)...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019324/clinico-hematological-profile-of-184-patients-with-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-an-experience-from-southern-pakistan
#9
Sadia Sultan, Syed Mohammed Irfan, Anila Rashid, Saira Parveen, Neesha Nawaz
BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a diverse group of lymphoma comprises of divergent tumors with paradoxical clinical behaviors and potential difference in response to therapy. We conducted a data-base analysis on NHL patients to evaluate the clinico-epidemiological features and WHO spectrum of NHL in Pakistani patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted over a period of 5 years from January 2011 to December 2015 at Hematology department of Liaquat National Hospital...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018927/whole-body-magnetic-resonance-in-indolent-lymphomas-under-watchful-waiting-the-time-is-now
#10
EDITORIAL
Massimo Galia, Domenico Albano, Corrado Tarella, Caterina Patti, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Antonino Mulè, Pierpaolo Alongi, Massimo Midiri, Roberto Lagalla
ᅟ: The indolent non-Hodgkin lymphomas (i-NHLs) are characterised by 'indolent' clinical behaviour with slow growth and prolonged natural history. The watchful waiting (WW) strategy is a frequently employed treatment option in these patients. This implies a strict monitoring by imaging examinations, including 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) and CT. A major concern is radiation exposure due to regularly monitoring by conventional imaging procedures. Several studies have demonstrated the reliability of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) for lymphoma staging...
October 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018018/acute-pancreatitis-as-an-unusual-presentation-of-primary-splenic-lymphoma
#11
Elisa Gravito-Soares, Marta Gravito-Soares, José Eduardo Pina-Cabral, Luis Tomé
A 51-year-old man with no relevant medical history presents to the emergency department complaining of a recent worsening of few months upper abdominal pain with back radiation and postprandial fullness, without B symptoms. Laboratory analysis showed hyperamylasaemia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase and inflammatory parameters. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a heterogeneous solid mass in the spleen/splenic hilum with pancreatic parenchyma continuity and no biliary tract dilation or gallstones. A mild acalculous acute pancreatitis diagnosis was made...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017269/cancer-attributable-mortality-among-people-with-treated-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-north-america
#12
Eric A Engels, Elizabeth L Yanik, Willian Wheeler, M John Gill, Meredith S Shiels, Robert Dubrow, Keri N Althoff, Michael J Silverberg, John T Brooks, Mari M Kitahata, James J Goedert, Surbhi Grover, Angel M Mayor, Richard D Moore, Lesley S Park, Anita Rachlis, Keith Sigel, Timothy R Sterling, Jennifer E Thorne, Ruth M Pfeiffer
Background: Cancer remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in people with human immunodeficiency virus (PWHIV) on effective antiretroviral therapy (ART). Estimates of cancer-attributable mortality can inform public health efforts. Methods: We evaluated 46956 PWHIV receiving ART in North American HIV cohorts (1995-2009). Using information on incident cancers and deaths, we calculated population-attributable fractions (PAFs), estimating the proportion of deaths due to cancer...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017070/conducting-electrospun-fibres-with-polyanionic-grafts-as-highly-selective-label-free-electrochemical-biosensor-with-a-low-detection-limit-for-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-gene
#13
Thomas E Kerr-Phillips, Nihan Aydemir, Eddie Wai Chi Chan, David Barker, Jenny Malmstro M, Cedric Plesse, Jadranka Travas-Sejdic
A highly selective, label-free sensor for the non-Hodgkin lymphoma gene, with an aM detection limit, utilizing electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is presented. The sensor consists of a conducting electrospun fibre mat, surface-grafted with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) brushes and a conducting polymer sensing element with covalently attached oligonucleotide probes. The sensor was fabricated from electrospun NBR rubber, embedded with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), followed by grafting poly(acrylic acid) brushes and then electrochemically polymerizing a conducting polymer monomer with ssDNA probe sequence pre-attached...
September 28, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993856/-malignant-lymphomas-of-the-eye
#14
REVIEW
F Fend, D Süsskind, C Deuter, S E Coupland
The eye and the ocular adnexae are rare sites for malignant non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Based on their anatomical location, intraocular lymphomas must be discerned from NHL of adnexal structures including conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, and orbit. Whereas the latter group mostly consists of indolent extranodal marginal zone B‑cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type or secondary manifestations of systemic NHL, most primary intraocular lymphomas are classified as diffuse large B‑cell lymphomas (DLBCL) and are considered a variant of primary DLBCL of the central nervous system...
October 9, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993364/durable-complete-remission-with-combination-chemotherapy-and-bortezomib-in-hiv-associated-plasmablastic-lymphoma
#15
Nivedita Arora, Arjun Gupta, Navid Sadeghi
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) classically seen in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, but can also be seen in other immunocompromised states such as transplant recipients, autoimmune diseases and the elderly. PBL is generally associated with a poor prognosis despite chemotherapy. There is evidence supporting the use of bortezomib in combination with standard chemotherapy to achieve durable responses in patients with PBL. We describe a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who presented with rectal pain and bright red blood per rectum...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992568/self-rated-health-and-associated-factors-in-elderly-patients-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#16
Lívia Maria Santiago, Daniel Richard Mercante, Inês Echenique Mattos
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health is a useful indicator for understanding health issues in elderly populations and considered to be a predictor of adverse health outcomes in this group. This study aims to identify factors associated with self-rated health in elderly people with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: Cross-sectional study performed at a cancer referral hospital in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, included 162 patients, aged 60 or more years. All patients received a Multidimensional Geriatric Assessment, including seven health dimensions, and socio-demographic, epidemiological and it were collected clinical data...
October 6, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991244/early-consolidation-with-high-dose-therapy-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-is-a-feasible-and-effective-treatment-option-in-hiv-associated-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-at-high-risk
#17
A Re, G Gini, M Rupolo, A Levis, A Bandera, A M Liberati, P Tozzi, C Cattaneo, S Casari, C Skert, C Bocci, M Spina, B Allione, L Verga, M Michieli, C Almici, P F Leali, U Tirelli, G Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990004/primary-hepatic-lymphoma-treated-with-liver-resection-followed-by-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#18
Jeong-Ik Park, Bo-Hyun Jung
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma often involves the liver. However, primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL) confined to the liver without evidence of lymphomatous involvement is rare. The optimal therapy for PHL is still unclear. Most patients present with poor prognostic features. Here, we report a case of PHL treated with liver resection followed by chemotherapy. A 65-year-old male was referred for further evaluation about a liver mass detected on ultrasound. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed well-defined single mass of 6 cm in diameter...
August 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989285/unintended-target-effect-of-anti-bcl-2-dnai
#19
Abdul Shukkur Ebrahim, Mustapha Kandouz, Nada Emara, Amara B Sugalski, Leonard Lipovich, Ayad M Al-Katib
INTRODUCTION: Previous research suggested that a novel compound PNT2258 inhibits B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) transcription by DNA interference (DNAi) and demonstrated its activity in preclinical xenograft models and in a pilot Phase II clinical trial in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). While the drug downregulates BCL-2 at the promoter, mRNA, and protein levels, there is a significant homology (13-16 bases) between PNT100 and a number of promoters of genes involved in cell cycle regulation and survival...
2017: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988742/chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-therapy-for-hematological-malignancies-and-solid-tumors-clinical-data-to-date-current-limitations-and-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
J Gauthier, I Yakoub-Agha
Progress in our understanding of basic immunology along with the advent of bioengineering technologies have made possible the production of human T-cells expressing Chimeric Antigen Receptors (CAR T-cells). These CAR T-cells are designed to target specific antigens presented by cancer cells. Once CARs are bound to these antigens, CAR T-cells get activated and can initiate potent anti-tumor effects. We will here overview the bioengineering advances which made possible the clinical application of CAR T-cell therapy...
October 5, 2017: Current Research in Translational Medicine
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