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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446933/stress-as-a-factor-contributing-to-obesity-in-patients-qualified-for-bariatric-surgery-studies-in-a-selected-group-of-patients-a-pilot-study
#1
Iwona Boniecka, Helena Wileńska, Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Marzena Sekuła, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the incidence of obesity, especially extreme obesity, has significantly increased. It is connected with inappropriate lifestyle, including a high calorie diet, psychological and genetic factors, some medications, diseases or infectious factors. Nowadays, the consumption of food is not only to satisfy a physiological need, but also fulfils psychological needs. The most effective method of morbid obesity treatment is metabolic surgery. Moreover, food is considered to be a reward and method of coping with stress...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445627/psychosocial-wellbeing-after-living-kidney-donation-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#2
Hannah Maple, Joseph Chilcot, John Weinman, Nizam Mamode
Living kidney donation (LKD) has become routine practice across the world as the gold standard treatment of end-stage renal failure. Whilst the physical risks and harms of LKD surgery are well documented, relatively little is known about psychosocial outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether it was possible to quantify the psychosocial impact of LKD. A prospective longitudinal study of 93 living kidney donors was performed. Data were collected pre-operatively, and 3 and 12 months after donation...
April 26, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444766/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-mediates-distinct-impacts-of-sevoflurane-on-different-subfields-of-immature-hippocampus
#3
Gang Zhu, Lei Tao, Ronglin Wang, Ying Xue, Xingqin Wang, Shaosong Yang, Xude Sun, Guodong Gao, Zixu Mao, Qian Yang
Sevoflurane, a typical inhaled anesthetic, is widely used in patients of all ages during surgery. The negative effects, such as inducing cell death and damaging spatial memory, of sevoflurane on neurodevelopment have raised increasing concerns in recent years. However, the molecular mechanism remains unclear. The current study focused on the crucial role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in sevoflurane-induced hippocampal injury. Three-week-old rats were exposed to sevoflurane or control air for 5h with or without ER stress inhibitor (4-phenylbutyric acid, 4-PBA) injection...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440769/advanced-glycation-end-products-in-morbid-obesity-and-after-bariatric-surgery-when-glycemic-memory-starts-to-fail
#4
Enric Sánchez, Juan Antonio Baena-Fustegueras, María Cruz de la Fuente, Liliana Gutiérrez, Marta Bueno, Susana Ros, Albert Lecube
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are a marker of metabolic memory. Their levels increases when oxidative stress, inflammation, or chronic hyperglycemia exists. The role of morbid obesity in AGE levels, and the impact of bariatric surgery on them are unknown. PATIENTS AND METHOD: An observational study with three sex- and age-matched cohorts: 52 patients with obesity, 46 patients undergoing bariatric surgery in the last 5 years, and 46 control subjects...
January 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429353/roles-of-the-nrf2-ho-1-pathway-in-the-anti-oxidative-stress-response-to-ischemia-reperfusion-brain-injury-in-rats
#5
L-J Jiang, S-M Zhang, C-W Li, J-Y Tang, F-Y Che, Y-C Lu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway in the responses to the oxidative stress created by ischemia-reperfusion brain injury in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 54 healthy, adult, male SD rats were included in the study. Eighteen (18) rats were placed in the sham group. The ischemia-reperfusion model was created in the other 36 rats, among which 18 received injections of Nrf2 agonist before the surgery. The suture method was used to create artery occlusions in the right brain of the rats; and reperfusion was done after 90-minute ischemia (MCAO); while no suture was inserted in the sham group...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429161/on-the-in-vivo-function-of-the-mitral-heart-valve-leaflet-insights-into-tissue-interstitial-cell-biomechanical-coupling
#6
Chung-Hao Lee, Will Zhang, Kristen Feaver, Robert C Gorman, Joseph H Gorman, Michael S Sacks
There continues to be a critical need for developing data-informed computational modeling techniques that enable systematic evaluations of mitral valve (MV) function. This is important for a better understanding of MV organ-level biomechanical performance, in vivo functional tissue stresses, and the biosynthetic responses of MV interstitial cells (MVICs) in the normal, pathophysiological, and surgically repaired states. In the present study, we utilized extant ovine MV population-averaged 3D fiducial marker data to quantify the MV anterior leaflet (MVAL) deformations in various kinematic states...
April 20, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428692/the-appraisement-of-antioxidant-and-oxidant-status-in-women-undergoing-surgical-menopause
#7
Avneet Kaur, Pooja Negi, Veena Sarna, Rajendra Prasad, Bir S Chavan, Anita Malhotra, Gurjit Kaur
The present study was undertaken to study the impact of surgical menopause on oxidant and antioxidant status in relation to estrogen levels after 3 months of surgery. Total 130 women who had undergone total hysterectomy (TH) with or without bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) were included in this study. The oxidant status was assessed by measuring plasma levels of malondialdehyde and antioxidant status was assessed by measuring superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, estrogen, and Vitamin A, E and C levels...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419804/simultaneous-reconstruction-of-the-medial-and-lateral-collateral-ligaments-for-chronic-combined-ligament-injuries-of-the-ankle
#8
Toshito Yasuda, Hiroaki Shima, Katsunori Mori, Seiya Tsujinaka, Masashi Neo
BACKGROUND: Objective data on chronic injuries of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) of the ankle are scarce. Chronic MCL injuries are frequently associated with lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injuries. For patients with chronic combined MCL and LCL injuries, the authors have performed simultaneous surgery of the 2 ligaments. HYPOTHESIS: Simultaneous surgery of the 2 ligaments may be effectively used to treat chronic combined MCL and LCL injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414034/age-exacerbates-surgery-induced-cognitive-impairment-and-neuroinflammation-in-sprague-dawley-rats-the-role-of-il-4
#9
Zhe Li, Fang Liu, Hong Ma, Paul F White, Roya Yumul, Yanhua Jiang, Na Wang, Xuezhao Cao
Age is the most prominent risk factor for the development of postoperative cognitive dysfunction. This study investigated the potential role of anti-inflammatory interleukin (IL)-4 in age-related differences of surgery-induced cognitive deficits and neuroinflammatory responses. Both adult and aged Sprague-Dawley male rats were subjected to partial hepatectomy or partial hepatectomy with a cisterna magna infusion of IL-4. On postoperative days 1, 3, and 7, the rats were subjected to a reversed Morris water maze test...
April 14, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403322/serum-concentrations-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-patients-diagnosed-with-gender-dysphoria-undergoing-sex-reassignment-surgery
#10
Maiko A Schneider, Tahiana Andreazza, Anna Martha V Fontanari, Angelo B Costa, Dhiordan C da Silva, Bianca W de Aguiar, Raffael Massuda, Mariana Pedrini, Clarissa S Gama, Karine Schwarz, Marcia Kauer-Sant'Anna, Maria Ines R Lobato
Introduction: Transsexualism (ICD-10) is a condition characterized by a strong and persistent dissociation with one's assigned gender. Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and hormone therapy provide a means of allowing transsexual individuals to feel more congruent with their gender and have played a major role in treatment over the past 70 years. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) appears to play a key role in recovery from acute surgical trauma and environmentally mediated vulnerability to psychopathology...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396944/the-effects-of-septoplasty-surgery-on-serum-oxidative-stress-levels
#11
Adnan Ekinci, Duran Karataş, Abdurrahman Yetiş, Emre Demir, Muge Ozcan
The aim of this study is to compare the total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), and paraoxonase (PON1) serum levels in patients who have undergone septoplasty (NSD). Forty-six patients (mean age 33.7) aged between 18 and 50 years who were diagnosed with nasal septal deviation (NSD) were included in the study. The TAS, TOS, and PON1 levels were compared in the serum samples obtained 1 month before the septoplasty and 3 months after surgery. There was a significant increase in mean TAS after septoplasty (1...
April 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394774/the-impact-of-l5-sacralization-on-fusion-rates-and-clinical-outcomes-after-single-level-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-plif-at-l4-l5-level
#12
Gun Woo Lee, Ji-Hoon Shin, Seung Min Ryu, Myun-Whan Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of L5 sacralization on fusion rates and clinical outcomes after single-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery at the L4-L5 level. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: L5 sacralization can produce greater stress concentration at the adjacent segment (L4-L5); therefore, L4-L5 PLIF surgery in patients with L5 sacralization may negatively affect fusion rate and be associated with poor clinical outcomes...
April 7, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393774/the-role-of-rajyoga-meditation-for-modulation-of-anxiety-and-serum-cortisol-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-control-study
#13
Usha Kiran, Suruchi Ladha, Neeti Makhija, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Minati Choudhury, Sambhunath Das, Parag Gharde, Vishwas Malik, Balram Airan
INTRODUCTION: Rajyoga meditation is a form of mind body intervention that is promoted by the Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University. This form of meditation can be easily performed without rituals or mantras and can be practiced anywhere at any time. The practice of Rajyoga meditation can have beneficial effects on modulating anxiety and cortisol level in patients undergoing major cardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized control study was carried out in a single tertiary care center...
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393660/plasma-low-molecular-weight-thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-as-an-early-indicator-of-global-and-focal-cerebral-ischaemia
#14
Alexander Vladimirovich Ivanov, Valery Vasil'evich Alexandrin, Alexander Alexandrovich Paltsyn, Ksenya Alexandrovna Nikiforova, Edward Danielevich Virus, Boris Petrovich Luzyanin, Marina Yurievna Maksimova, Mikhail Aleksanrovich Piradov, Aslan Amirkhanovich Kubatiev
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that cerebral ischaemia causes not only local, but also systemic oxidative stress. This leads to oxidation of thiol-containing compounds, including low-molecular-weight thiols (cysteine, glutathione, homocysteine and others). Therefore, the aim of this work was to verify the hypothesis that the thiol/disulphide homeostasis of low-molecular-weight thiols is disturbed in the early stages of cerebral ischaemia. METHODS: Two experimental rat models of ischaemia were used: a global model of vascular ischaemia (clamping the common carotid arteries + haemorrhage) and focal ischaemia (middle cerebral artery occlusion)...
April 8, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391235/is-postoperative-decrease-of-serum-albumin-an-early-predictor-of-complications-after-major-abdominal-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-a-european-centre
#15
Ismail Labgaa, Gaëtan-Romain Joliat, Amaniel Kefleyesus, Styliani Mantziari, Markus Schäfer, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
OBJECTIVE: To test postoperative serum albumin drop (ΔAlb) as a marker of surgical stress response and early predictor of clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (NCT02356484). Albumin was prospectively measured in 138 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Blood samples were collected before surgery and on postoperative days 0, 1 2 and 3. ΔAlb was compared to the modified estimation of physiologic ability and surgical stress (mE-PASS) score and correlated to the performances of C reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and lactate (LCT)...
April 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383617/plasma-amino-acids-of-the-transsulfuration-pathway-and-plasma-lactate-in-septic-patients
#16
C Chiarla, I Giovannini, G Miggiano
OBJECTIVES: In sepsis increasing plasma lactate, even if unrelated to hypoperfusion and hypoxia, is a cause of concern. Among the patterns associated with increasing lactate, several plasma amino acid (AA) abnormalities, more in particular those of sulfur AAs, have remained unexplored, and their assessment has been the purpose of our study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic and detailed analysis of 183 simultaneous determinations of plasma AA-grams and lactate, from 12 trauma surgery patients who had developed sepsis, was performed...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383434/low-pressure-capnoperitoneum-reduces-stress-responses-during-pediatric-laparoscopic-high-ligation-of-indirect-inguinal-hernia-sac-a-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Xiaoguang Niu, Xubin Song, Aiping Su, Shanshan Zhao, Qinghao Li
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of different capnoperitoneum pressures on stress responses in pediatric laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: In this prospective randomized controlled study, 68 children with indirect inguinal hernia who underwent high ligation of hernia sac were randomly divided into 3 groups: high-pressure group (12 mm Hg, HP group, n = 26); low-pressure group (8 mm Hg, LP group, n = 20); open operation group (OP group, n = 22)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382289/the-effect-of-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-on-systemic-oxidative-stress-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#18
Ilhan Ece, Bahadir Ozturk, Huseyin Yilmaz, Serdar Yormaz, Mustafa Şahin
PURPOSE: Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) has become a more frequently performed method for benign gallbladder diseases all over the world. The effects of SILC technique on oxidative stress have not been well documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of laparoscopic cholecystectomy techniques on systemic oxidative stress by using ischemia modified albumin (IMA). METHODS: In total, 70 patients who had been diagnosed with benign gallbladder pathology were enrolled for this prospective study...
April 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376256/the-outcome-of-an-early-discharge-protocol-after-appendectomy-in-children-with-acute-appendicitis
#19
Takahiro Jimbo, Kouji Masumoto, Hajime Takayasu, Toko Shinkai, Yasuhisa Urita, Toru Uesugi, Chikashi Gotoh, Kentaro Ono, Takato Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of our early discharge protocol for children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: We established a new early discharge protocol for appendicitis. Our protocol consists of both postoperative early feeding and reduced-port laparoscopic surgery which is aimed at reducing surgical stress. The outcome was studied in patients with acute appendicitis who treated at our institution from 2012 to 2013. RESULTS: Thirty-six acute appendicitis patients (mean age 10...
April 4, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374299/contingencies-of-self-worth-and-psychological-distress-in-iranian-patients-seeking-cosmetic-surgery-integrative-self-knowledge-as-mediator
#20
Ahmad Valikhani, Mohammad Ali Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have shown that people applying for cosmetic surgery experience high-intensity psychological distress, important variables that function as protective factors have rarely been the subject of study in this population. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the role of low and high self-knowledge in experiencing psychological distress and contingencies of self-worth to appearance and approval from others and to identify the mediatory role of the integrative self-knowledge in patients seeking cosmetic surgery...
April 3, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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