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S Y Zhu, P L Wang, C S Liao, Y Q Yang, C Y Yuan, S Wang, W L Dissanayaka, B C Heng, C F Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate/reconstruct the damaged supporting tissues of diseased teeth and to facilitate recovery of their physiological functions. Combination of stem cell transplantation and gene therapy offers a viable method for accelerating periodontal repair and regeneration. In this study, the role of the ephrinB2/EphB4 signaling pathway in regulating osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and crosstalk between PDLSCs and pre-osteoblasts within co-culture was investigated through ephrinB2 transgenic expression in PDLSCs...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
Nisarat Ruangsawasdi, Matthias Zehnder, Raphael Patcas, Chafik Ghayor, Barbara Siegenthaler, Bebeka Gjoksi, Franz E Weber
Conventional root canal treatment in immature permanent teeth can lead to early tooth loss in children because root formation is discontinued. We investigated whether the stem cell factor (SCF) could facilitate cell homing in the pulpless immature root canal and promote regeneration of a functional pulp. In vitro, human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were exposed to SCF at various concentrations for assessing cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation towards odonto/osteoblasts by 3D-chemotaxis slides, WST-1 assay, and alkaline phosphatase activity, respectively...
October 20, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Shengzhe S, Yongna Z, Song L, Yan L, Jing Z
AIM: To investigate the role of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) in the regulation of odonto/osteogenic differentiation of stem cells from the apical papilla (SCAPs). METHODOLOGY: SCAPs were obtained from human impacted third molars (n=15). Isolated SCAPs were transfected with CREB overexpressing/silenced lentivirus. Transfected cells were stained with alizarin red to investigate mineralized nodule formation. The expression of the mineralization-related genes alkaline phosphatase (ALP), collagen type I (Col I), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osterix (OSX), and osteocalcin (OCN), was determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
October 7, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Michael P Whyte, Deborah Wenkert, Fan Zhang
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is the inborn-error-of-metabolism that features deficient activity of the tissue-nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). Resultant extracellular accumulation of inorganic pyrophosphate, a TNSALP substrate and potent inhibitor of mineralization, typically leads to tooth loss and sometimes to rickets or osteomalacia. HPP's remarkably broad-ranging severity is largely explained by autosomal dominant versus autosomal recessive transmission from among several hundred usually missense mutations positioned throughout the gene that encodes TNSALP...
August 27, 2016: Bone
Minkle Gulati, Sanjeev Kumar Salaria, Vishal Anand, Nikil Jain, Suraj Pandey
The role of periodontium in supporting the tooth structures is well-known. However, less is known about its contribution to the field of ophthalmology. Corneal diseases are among major causes of blindness affecting millions of people worldwide, for which synthetic keratoprosthesis was considered the last resort to restore vision. Yet, these synthetic keratoprosthesis suffered from serious limitations, especially the foreign body reactions invoked by them resulting in extrusion of the whole prosthesis from the eye...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Alberto Merlini, Joseph Garibaldi, Luca Giorgis, Paolo Balbi
Gnathodiaphyseal dysplasia (GDD) is a rare hereditary syndrome characterized by cemento-ossifying fibromas of the maxillary bones, fragile bones, curvature and cortical thinning of the tubular bones, and diaphyseal sclerosis of the long bones. In this study, 2 complex clinical cases of 2 members of the same family had GDD and were treated in the authors' odonto-stomatology department. The first was treated with a block bone graft and implant-prosthetic therapy; the other, who had extensive osteomyelitis of the second quadrant, was managed with extraction of the involved teeth, surgical revision of the site, and a graft of autologous platelet concentrate...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yongjun Xing, Xin Nie, Guoqing Chen, Xiujie Wen, Gang Li, Xia Zhou, Weidong Tian, Luchuan Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differences of odonto-differentiation between P75 -neurotrophin receptor (P75 -NTR)-positive ectomesenchymal stem cells (P75+EMSCs) and P75 -NTR-negative ectomesenchymal stem cells (P75-EMSCs), and their underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary cranial neural crest-derived cells (CNC) were isolated from the first branchial arches, and P75+EMSCs and P75-EMSCs were sorted by fluorescence-activated cell sorting...
April 2016: Cell Proliferation
Anne Bruun Krøigård, Ole Clemmensen, Hans Gjørup, Jens Michael Hertz, Anette Bygum
BACKGROUND: Odonto-onycho-dermal dysplasia (OODD) is a rare form of ectodermal dysplasia characterized by severe oligodontia, onychodysplasia, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, dry skin, hypotrichosis, and hyperhidrosis of the palms and soles. The ectodermal dysplasias resulting from biallelic mutations in the WNT10A gene result in highly variable phenotypes, ranging from isolated tooth agenesis to OODD and Schöpf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome (SSPS). CASE PRESENTATION: We identified a female patient, with consanguineous parents, who was clinically diagnosed with OODD...
2016: BMC Dermatology
Elena Maria Varoni, Marcello Iriti
This brief commentary aims to focus on the urgency of further clinical research on phytotherapy in dentistry, and, noteworthy, to propose, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, the term "odontonutraceuticals" to identify those phytochemicals relevant for the prevention and the treatment of oral diseases. A valuable impact is expected on nutritional, dental and biomedical sciences, suggesting the use of the suffix "odonto-" to define a specific field of nutraceutical research.
2016: Pharmaceuticals
Tian Chen, Zhi Liu, Wenhua Sun, Jingyu Li, Yan Liang, Xianrui Yang, Yang Xu, Mei Yu, Weidong Tian, Guoqing Chen, Ding Bai
Dentinogenesis is the formation of dentin, a substance that forms the majority of teeth, and this process is performed by odontoblasts. Dental papilla cells (DPCs), as the progenitor cells of odontoblasts, undergo the odontogenic differentiation regulated by multiple cytokines and paracrine signal molecules. Ape1 is a perfect paradigm of the function complexity of a biological macromolecule with two major functional regions for DNA repair and redox regulation, respectively. To date, it remains unclear whether Ape1 can regulate the dentinogenesis in DPCs...
2015: Scientific Reports
Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Shweta Agarwal, Vinay S Pillai, Ashish Ahuja
PURPOSE: To highlight and compare the outcomes of management for the ocular sequelae of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) over 25 years in a tertiary eye care institute. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 798 eyes of 399 patients with SJS evaluated between January 1990 and December 2004 (group I) and of 847 eyes of 517 patients between January 2005 and December 2014 (group II) was done. The primary and secondary outcome measures were a change in the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and an improvement in the symptoms and the ocular surface status, respectively...
January 2016: Cornea
H Backaert, C E L Carels
In the literature many different mutations of the WNT10A-gene have been described in relation to the prevalence of tooth agenesis. Such mutations can result in strongly divergent phenotypes. Clinically a single phenotype can lead to either simple hypodontia or to comprehensive syndromatic disorders. Both the Schöpf-Schulz-Passarge syndrome (SPSS) and odonto-onycho-dermal dysplasia (OODD) as well as isolated tooth agenesis have been associated with mutations of this gene. If the WNT10A-gene were to be included in DNA-tests, it has been predicted that 70% of the cases of isolated hypodontia could be explained by a WNT10A-gene mutation...
November 2014: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Shensheng Gu, Shujun Ran, Feng Qin, Dong Cao, Jia Wang, Bin Liu, Jingping Liang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs) is regulated by multiple factors and signaling molecules. However, their regulatory mechanisms are not completely understood. In this study, we investigated the role of Zinc finger and BTB domain-containing 20 (ZBTB20) in odontoblastic differentiation of HDPSCs. METHODS: HDPSCs were obtained from human third molars and ZBTB20 expression was examined by qRT-PCR and western blot...
2015: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
A A Bennani-Baïti, A Benbouzid, L Essakalli-Hossyni
INTRODUCTION: Cervicofacial cellulitis (CFC) is a severe infection of the subcutaneous cellular tissue, and is one of the most serious head and neck infectious emergencies. In a series of 70 cases treated between 2007 and 2012, we noticed a strong correlation between use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and evolution of head and neck infections toward CFC, including two cases of necrotic CFC extending to the mediastinum, which were fatal. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cases included in the series comprised patients admitted to emergency and requiring hospitalization due to the severity of presenting symptoms...
September 2015: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Ekta Rishi, Pukhraj Rishi, Shweta Agarwal, Nirmala Subramanian
PURPOSE: To report the outcome of large tectonic lamellar grafts in cases of severe chemical injury associated with corneal melt/perforation and scleral ischemia, with or without retinal detachment. METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional analysis of 7 eyes of 6 patients within 3 months of injury with simultaneous/subsequent surgical procedures to salvage globe integrity. RESULTS: Of 7 included eyes, both eyes of one patient underwent phthisical changes...
January 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
Thorakkal Shamim
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information about the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology. This study aimed to find the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology from 2005 to 2012 over an 8-year period. METHODS: Bibliometric analysis was performed using web-based search during December 2013...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Joseph M Norris, Lyudmila Kishikova, Venkata S Avadhanam, Panos Koumellis, Ian S Francis, Christopher S C Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of 640-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for detecting osteo-odonto laminar resorption in the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) compared with the current standard 32-slice MDCT. METHODS: Explanted OOKP laminae and bone-dentine fragments were scanned using 640-slice MDCT (Aquilion ONE; Toshiba) and 32-slice MDCT (LightSpeed Pro32; GE Healthcare). Pertinent comparisons including image quality, radiation dose, and scanning parameters were made...
August 2015: Cornea
Natsuko Numa-Kinjoh, Keiichi Komaru, Yoko Ishida, Miwa Sohda, Kimimitsu Oda
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a genetic disease characterized by defective calcification of hard tissues such as bone and teeth accompanying deficiency of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Its development results from various mutations in the ALPL gene encoding tissue-nonspecific ALP (TNSALP). HPP is known to be transmitted in an autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant manner. A point mutation (c.323C>T) in the ALPL gene leading to a proline to leucine substitution at position 108 of TNSALP was first reported in a patient diagnosed with odonto-HPP (M Herasse et al...
August 2015: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Shweta Agarwal, Ekta Rishi, Pukhraj Rishi, Gunaseelan Rajan, Shanmugasundaram Shanmugasundaram
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe a new technique and analyse the early outcomes of augmenting the canine tooth using a mandibular bone graft in an attempt to delay or retard the process of laminar resorption following the modified osteo odonto keratoprosthesis (MOOKP) procedure. DESIGN: This was a retrospective case series. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eyes that underwent the bone augmentation procedure between December 2012 and February 2014 were retrospectively analysed...
July 2015: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Venkata S Avadhanam, Helen E Smith, Christopher Liu
According to the World Health Organization, globally 4.9 million are blind due to corneal pathology. Corneal transplantation is successful and curative of the blindness for a majority of these cases. However, it is less successful in a number of diseases that produce corneal neovascularization, dry ocular surface and recurrent inflammation, or infections. A keratoprosthesis or KPro is the only alternative to restore vision when corneal graft is a doomed failure. Although a number of KPros have been proposed, only two devices, Boston type-1 KPro and osteo-odonto-KPro, have came to the fore...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
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