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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574471/can-a-community-based-maternal-care-package-in-rural-ethiopia-increase-the-use-of-health-facilities-for-childbirth-and-reduce-the-stillbirth-rate
#1
Habtamu Atnafu, Zelalem Belete, Hirut Kinfu, Mebkyou Tadesse, Mohammed Amin, Karen D Ballard
OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of a maternal health package on health facility delivery and stillbirth rates. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study in Ethiopia where a maternal package was integrated into eight health centers across three regions. The package included trained midwives with a mentoring program, transport for referral, and equipment and accommodation for the midwives. Ten health centers without the package but in the same districts as the intervention centers and eight without the package in different districts were randomly selected as the comparison groups...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334006/transnational-mortality-comparisons-between-archipelago-and-mainland-puerto-ricans
#2
Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Idania Rodríguez-Ayuso, Hirut T Gebrekristos, Amira Roess, Cynthia M Pérez, Lone Simonsen
Puerto Ricans in the US experience higher deaths from diabetes and other causes compared to non-Hispanic Whites and other Hispanic groups. We compared mortality in Puerto Rico to that of Puerto Ricans in the US as a first step to investigate if similar or worse mortality patterns originate from the sending country (Puerto Rico). Age-adjusted death rates were generated using national vital statistics databases in the US and territories for all-cause and the top ten causes of death among Hispanics in 2009. Mortality ratios in the archipelago of Puerto Rico (APR) were compared to mainland US Puerto Ricans (MPR)...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899816/the-effect-of-prenatal-and-intrapartum-care-on-the-stillbirth-rate-among-women-in-rural-ethiopia
#3
Karen Ballard, Zelalem Belete, Hirut Kinfu, Mebkyou Tadesse, Mohammed Amin, Habtamu Atnafu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether community-based prenatal and intrapartum care in Ethiopia results in a lower stillbirth rate. METHODS: Between May and December 2014, a randomly selected sample of women in northern and eastern Ethiopia who had delivered a neonate in the preceding 12months completed a face-to-face survey about their experiences of maternal services and the fetal outcome for each delivery. The stillbirth rates among women delivering at home and at health facilities were compared...
May 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26440513/the-impact-of-comprehensive-pre-visit-preparation-on-patient-engagement-and-quality-of-care-in-a-population-of-underserved-patients-with-diabetes-evidence-from-the-care-management-medical-home-center-model
#4
Julie Rivo, Timothy F Page, Alejandro Arrieta, St Anthony Amofah, Shelia McCann, Hirut Kassaye, Alfonso Rodriguez, Mark L Williams
This study evaluated the impact of pre-visit preparation, a key component of Patient-Centered Medical Home guidelines, on compliance with recommended tests and screenings in a diabetic patient population receiving care in Federally Qualified Health Centers in Miami-Dade County. The pre-visit preparation consisted of a pre-visit phone call to review patient compliance with recommended tests and screenings, provide encouragement for self-care goal setting, answer patient questions, assure referrals and tests were scheduled, and notify an in-center patient care team about which services are required at the upcoming visit...
June 2016: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26167172/toward-coalescing-gene-expression-and-function-with-qtls-of-water-deficit-stress-in-cotton
#5
Hirut Kebede, Paxton Payton, Hanh Thi My Pham, Randy D Allen, Robert J Wright
Cotton exhibits moderately high vegetative tolerance to water-deficit stress but lint production is restricted by the available rainfed and irrigation capacity. We have described the impact of water-deficit stress on the genetic and metabolic control of fiber quality and production. Here we examine the association of tentative consensus sequences (TCs) derived from various cotton tissues under irrigated and water-limited conditions with stress-responsive QTLs. Three thousand sixteen mapped sequence-tagged-sites were used as anchored targets to examine sequence homology with 15,784 TCs to test the hypothesis that putative stress-responsive genes will map within QTLs associated with stress-related phenotypic variation more frequently than with other genomic regions not associated with these QTLs...
2015: International Journal of Plant Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26084371/evaluation-of-anthelmintic-potential-of-the-ethiopian-medicinal-plant-embelia-schimperi-vatke-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-against-some-intestinal-parasites
#6
Yared Debebe, Mesfin Tefera, Walelign Mekonnen, Dawit Abebe, Samuel Woldekidan, Abiy Abebe, Yehualashet Belete, Temesgen Menberu, Bethelhem Belayneh, Berhanu Tesfaye, Ibrahim Nasir, Kidist Yirsaw, Hirut Basha, Asrat Dawit, Asfaw Debella
BACKGROUND: Embelia schimperi has been used for the treatment of intestinal parasites especially tapeworm infestations for centuries in Ethiopia. However, there is lack of scientific based evidences regarding the efficacy, safety and phytochemical analysis of this plant despite its frequent use as an anthelmintic. This study has therefore evaluated the efficacy and acute toxicity of E. schimperi thereby generating relevant preclinical information. METHODS: The anthelmintic activities of the crude hydroalcoholic extract of E...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25437324/ratio-of-observed-and-expected-joint-effects
#7
LETTER
Hirut T Gebrekristos, Chanelle J Howe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25311696/comparison-of-point-of-care-tests-for-the-rapid-diagnosis-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-east-african-patients
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Asrat Bezuneh, Maowia Mukhtar, Asim Abdoun, Tedla Teferi, Yegnasew Takele, Ermias Diro, Asfaw Jemaneh, Welelta Shiferaw, Hirut Wondimu, Ajay Bhatia, Randall F Howard, Hashim Ghalib, Gregory C Ireton, Asrat Hailu, Steven G Reed
The development of rK39-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) has greatly aided the diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis, especially in the Indian subcontinent and Brazil, by offering high sensitivity and specificity. However, these tests have been less sensitive and less specific in sub-Saharan Africa. To improve upon the performance of rK39 in Africa, we engineered the fusion molecule rK28, which retained some of the rK39 repeats and combined them with repeat sequences from two additional Leishmania genes. This polyprotein was used in the development of several prototype RDTs by different commercial manufacturers with the goal of assessing relative performance in inexpensive formats...
December 2014: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25232476/mother-to-child-transmission-of-trypanosoma-cruzi
#9
Hirut T Gebrekristos, Pierre Buekens
Among the world's most neglected tropical diseases, Chagas disease is vector-borne and caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. T cruzi infection is endemic to South and Central America as well as Mexico. Due to population migration, T cruzi is increasingly becoming a public health problem in nonendemic settings. Success with vector control strategies has led to a relative increase in the burden attributable to congenital transmission of T cruzi. In endemic settings, approximately 5% of infected pregnant women transmit to their offspring...
September 2014: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25104325/identification-of-a-single-gene-for-seed-coat-impermeability-in-soybean-pi-594619
#10
Hirut Kebede, James R Smith, Jeffery D Ray
Inheritance studies and molecular mapping identified a single dominant gene that conditions seed coat impermeability in soybean PI 594619. High temperatures during seed fill increase the occurrence of soybeans with impermeable seed coat, which is associated with non-uniform and delayed germination and emergence. This can be an issue in soybean production areas with excessively high-temperature environments. The objectives of the present study were to investigate the inheritance of impermeable seed coat under a high-temperature environment in the midsouthern United States and to map the gene(s) that affect this trait in a germplasm line with impermeable seed coat (PI 594619)...
September 2014: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25042146/maternal-obesity-and-rate-of-cesarean-delivery-in-djibouti
#11
Anne-Frederique Minsart, Thai-Son N'guyen, Hirut Dimtsu, Rachel Ratsimanresy, Fouad Dada, Rachid Ali Hadji
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the prevalence of maternal obesity and to determine the relation between obesity and cesarean delivery in an urban hospital in Djibouti. METHODS: In an observational cohort study, all women who had a live birth or stillbirth between October 2012 and November 2013 were considered for inclusion. Body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters) was calculated throughout pregnancy, and women with a BMI of at least 30...
November 2014: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24917661/the-influence-of-art-on-the-treatment-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-among-hiv-infected-women
#12
Alys Adamski, Rebecca A Clark, Leandro Mena, Harold Henderson, Judy Levison, Norine Schmidt, Hirut T Gebrekristos, David H Martin, Patricia Kissinger
OBJECTIVE: Among women who are human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+), both prevalent and persistent infections with Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) are common. TV has been shown to increase vaginal shedding of HIV, which may influence HIV sexual and perinatal transmission, making prevention important. In 1 cohort of HIV+ women in Kenya, antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, mostly nevirapine based, was associated with lower cure rates of TV for single-dose therapy. Our goal was to repeat this study in a US-based cohort of HIV+/TV+ women and compare outcomes to those with multidose therapy...
September 15, 2014: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24805833/are-the-new-iadpsg-criteria-for-gestational-diabetes-useful-in-a-country-with-a-very-high-prevalence
#13
Anne-Frederique Minsart, Thai-Son Pierre N'guyen, Hirut Dimtsu, Rachel Ratsimandresy, Fouad Dada, Rachid Ali Hadji
The International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups released new recommendations on screening methods and diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes. The main objectives of the present study were to analyze characteristics of mothers who underwent the new screening test, and to assess the prevalence of gestational diabetes and related pregnancy complications such as the 5-minute Apgar score <7, in a urban maternity clinic in Djibouti. The effect of treating gestational diabetes was also evaluated...
September 2014: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24649357/insecticidal-activity-of-some-traditionally-used-ethiopian-medicinal-plants-against-sheep-ked-melophagus-ovinus
#14
Negero Gemeda, Walelegn Mokonnen, Hirut Lemma, Ashenif Tadele, Kelbessa Urga, Getachew Addis, Asfaw Debella, Mesaye Getachew, Frehiwot Teka, Kidist Yirsaw, Kissi Mudie, Solomon Gebre
Twelve medicinal plants and a commercially used drug Ivermectin were examined for insecticidal activity against Melophagus ovinus sheep ked at different time intervals using in vitro adult immersion test. The findings show that at 3.13 µL/mL, 6.25 µL/mL and 12.5 µL/mL concentration of Cymbopogon citratus, Foeniculum vulgare and Eucalyptus globulus essential oils respectively, recorded 100% mortalities against M. ovinus within 3 hour of exposure. Significantly higher insecticidal activity of essential oils was recorded (P = 0...
2014: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24529031/approaches-for-classifying-the-indications-for-colonoscopy-using-detailed-clinical-data
#15
Hirut Fassil, Kenneth F Adams, Sheila Weinmann, V Paul Doria-Rose, Eric Johnson, Andrew E Williams, Douglas A Corley, Chyke A Doubeni
BACKGROUND: Accurate indication classification is critical for obtaining unbiased estimates of colonoscopy effectiveness and quality improvement efforts, but there is a dearth of published systematic classification approaches. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of data-source and adjudication on indication classification and on estimates of the effectiveness of screening colonoscopy on late-stage colorectal cancer diagnosis risk. METHODS: This was an observational study in members of four U...
2014: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24404747/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-isolated-from-poultry-slaughterhouses-in-korea
#16
Dessie Hirut Kidie, Dong Hwa Bae, Young Ju Lee
We determined the antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella serovars from a total of 154 (44 chilling waters and 110 carcasses) samples collected from 22 poultry slaughterhouses. Standard culture techniques, Kauffmann-White slide agglutination and disc diffusion tests were used to isolate, and identify the serovars and to assess the antimicrobial activity, respectively. A total of 88 isolates belonging to 34 Salmonella serovars from 67 (43.5%) positive samples were identified. Among the samples examined, 68.2% (15/22), 22...
November 2013: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24339829/responses-of-nitrogen-metabolism-and-seed-nutrition-to-drought-stress-in-soybean-genotypes-differing-in-slow-wilting-phenotype
#17
Nacer Bellaloui, Anne M Gillen, Alemu Mengistu, Hirut Kebede, Daniel K Fisher, James R Smith, Krishna N Reddy
Recent advances in soybean breeding have resulted in genotypes that express the slow-wilting phenotype (trait) under drought stress conditions. The physiological mechanisms of this trait remain unknown due to the complexity of trait × environment interactions. The objective of this research was to investigate nitrogen metabolism and leaf and seed nutrients composition of the slow-wilting soybean genotypes under drought stress conditions. A repeated greenhouse experiment was conducted using check genotypes: NC-Roy (fast wilting), Boggs (intermediate in wilting); and NTCPR94-5157 and N04-9646 (slow-wilting, SLW) genotypes...
2013: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24135609/characterization-of-integrons-and-their-cassettes-in-escherichia-coli-and-salmonella-isolates-from-poultry-in-korea
#18
Hirut Kidie Dessie, Dong Hwa Bae, Young Ju Lee
Ninety-nine Escherichia coli and 33 Salmonella isolates were assessed for antimicrobial susceptibility (disc diffusion test). Sulfonamide and tetracycline resistance genes were identified through PCR, and class 1 and class 2 integrons with resistance gene cassettes were identified with PCR followed by sequencing. Salmonella (63.6%) and E. coli (85.8%) isolates were multidrug resistant (resistance to 3 or more antimicrobials), and the highest incidences of resistance were observed for tetracycline, nalidixic acid, and sulfamethoxazole...
November 2013: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23665529/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-salmonella-spp-isolated-from-poultry-slaughterhouses-in-korea
#19
Dong Hwa Bae, Hirut Kidie Dessie, Ho Jeong Baek, Seong Guk Kim, Hee Soo Lee, Young Ju Lee
Poultry products have consistently been identified as important sources of Salmonella infection in humans, because vertical transfer of infection from breeding hens to progeny is an important aspect of the epidemiology of Salmonella spp. infection within the poultry industry. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Salmonella contamination in poultry products from 15 different located geographical areas from among the 50 poultry slaughterhouses authorized to operate in Korea and to characterize all the isolates by genotyping, phage typing and antibiotic resistance pattern...
2013: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23202322/relationship-between-aflatoxin-contamination-and-physiological-responses-of-corn-plants-under-drought-and-heat-stress
#20
Hirut Kebede, Hamed K Abbas, Daniel K Fisher, Nacer Bellaloui
Increased aflatoxin contamination in corn by the fungus Aspergillus flavus is associated with frequent periods of drought and heat stress during the reproductive stages of the plants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between aflatoxin contamination and physiological responses of corn plants under drought and heat stress. The study was conducted in Stoneville, MS, USA under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions. Five commercial hybrids, P31G70, P33F87, P32B34, P31B13 and DKC63-42 and two inbred germplasm lines, PI 639055 and PI 489361, were evaluated...
November 2012: Toxins
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