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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#1
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329359/effectiveness-of-mass-media-campaigns-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-and-harm-a-systematic-review
#2
Ben Young, Sarah Lewis, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Linda Bauld, Martine Stead, Kathryn Angus, Mhairi Campbell, Shona Hilton, James Thomas, Kate Hinds, Adela Ashie, Tessa Langley
Aims: To assess the effectiveness of mass media messages to reduce alcohol consumption and related harms using a systematic literature review. Methods: Eight databases were searched along with reference lists of eligible studies. Studies of any design in any country were included, provided that they evaluated a mass media intervention targeting alcohol consumption or related behavioural, social cognitive or clinical outcomes. Drink driving interventions and college campus campaigns were ineligible...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322613/forward-view-advancing-health-library-and-knowledge-services-in-england
#3
Sue Lacey Bryant, Helen Bingham, Ruth Carlyle, Alison Day, Linda Ferguson, David Stewart
This article is the fourth in a series on New Directions. The National Health Service is under pressure, challenged to meet the needs of an ageing population, whilst striving to improve standards and ensure decision making is underpinned by evidence. Health Education England is steering a new course for NHS library and knowledge services in England to ensure access to knowledge and evidence for all decision makers. Knowledge for Healthcare calls for service transformation, role redesign, greater coordination and collaboration...
January 10, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322168/patient-preferences-for-surgery-or-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-acute-appendicitis
#4
Alexis L Hanson, Ross D Crosby, Marc D Basson
Importance: Studies have compared surgical with nonsurgical therapy for acute uncomplicated appendicitis, but none of these studies have a patient-centered perspective. Objectives: To evaluate how patients might choose between surgical and nonsurgical therapy for acute uncomplicated appendicitis and to identify targets to make antibiotic treatment more appealing. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study comprised an online survey and an in-person sensitivity analysis survey...
January 10, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321000/care-quality-following-intrauterine-death-in-spanish-hospitals-results-from-an-online-survey
#5
Paul Richard Cassidy
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate practices in Spanish hospitals after intrauterine death in terms of medical/ technical care and bereavement support care. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study using an online self-completion questionnaire. The population was defined as women who had experienced an intrauterine fetal death between sixteen weeks and birth, either through spontaneous late miscarriage/stillbirth or termination of pregnancy for medical reasons...
January 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320900/societal-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-ireland
#6
Peter Carney, Derek O'Boyle, Aidan Larkin, Chris McGuigan, Killian O'Rourke
AIMS: This paper evaluates the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Ireland and estimates the associated direct, indirect, and intangible costs to society based on a large nationally representative sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed to capture the demographics, disease characteristics, healthcare use, informal care, employment, and wellbeing. Referencing international studies, standardised survey instruments were included (e.g., CSRI, MFIS-5, EQ-5D) or adapted (EDSS) for inclusion in an online survey platform...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319923/attitudes-towards-mental-health-mental-health-research-and-digital-interventions-by-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
Janine Clarke, Judy Proudfoot, Veronica Vatiliotis, Charles Verge, Deborah J Holmes-Walker, Lesley Campbell, Kay Wilhelm, Catherine Moravac, Pillaveetil S Indu, Madeleine Bridgett
BACKGROUND: Young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of mental disorders. Whereas treatment need is high, difficulty recruiting young people with type 1 diabetes into psychosocial studies complicates development, testing and dissemination of these interventions. OBJECTIVE: Interviews with young adults with type 1 diabetes were conducted to examine attitudes towards mental health and mental health research, including barriers and motivators to participation in mental health studies and preferred sources of mental health support...
January 10, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314304/role-of-telehealth-in-renal-replacement-therapy-education
#8
Anna Malkina, Delphine S Tuot
The prevalence of end-stage renal disease is rising in the United States, which bears high financial and public health burden. The most common modality of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in the United States is in-center hemodialysis. Many patients report lack of comprehensive and timely education about their treatment options, which may preclude them from participating in home-based dialysis therapies and kidney transplantation evaluation. While RRT education has traditionally been provided in-person, the rise of telehealth has afforded new opportunities to improve upon the status quo...
January 3, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306372/twitter-journal-clubs-and-continuing-professional-development-an-analysis-of-a-medradjclub-tweet-chat
#9
A Bolderston, J Watson, N Woznitza, A Westerink, L Di Prospero, G Currie, C Beardmore, J Hewis
INTRODUCTION: Online Twitter journal clubs are a recent and popular innovation with the potential to increase research awareness and inform practice. The medical radiation sciences' MedRadJournalClub (MJRC) is a Twitter-based event that attracts a global group of participants at the monthly chats. An analysis of a recent MedRadJournalClub discussion evaluated the perceived benefits and limitations of medical radiation practitioners participating in an online journal club. METHODS: The February 2017 chat used for analysis was based on the Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences article by Currie et al...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305176/content-and-accuracy-of-vaccine-information-on-pediatrician-blogs
#10
Mersine A Bryan, Hailey Gunningham, Megan A Moreno
BACKGROUND: Parents often use social media such as blogs to inform decisions about vaccinations, however little is known about pediatrician blogs addressing vaccines. The objective of this study was to assess content, citations, audience engagement and accuracy of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a content analysis of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. A national sample of pediatrician blogs was identified using a search rubric of terms applied to multiple search engines...
January 2, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300366/implicit-messages-regarding-unhealthy-foodstuffs-in-chinese-television-advertisements-increasing-the-risk-of-obesity
#11
Angela Chang, Peter J Schulz, Tony Schirato, Brian J Hall
Previous studies indicated that television (TV) advertising is associated with higher rates of obesity. The rate of obesity and overweight continues to rise in mainland China, bringing into question whether TV advertising to young audiences might be partly to blame. This study investigated messaging delivered through TV advertisements regarding healthy and unhealthy foodstuffs. A total of 42 major food brands and 480 advertisements were analysed for content in this study. The results showed that the majority of TV spots advertised products with poor nutritional content and had a potential to mislead audiences concerning products' actual nutritional value...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295809/feasibility-and-preliminary-effectiveness-of-the-homework-intervention-strategy-ehis-program-to-enhance-male-condom-use-research-protocol
#12
Marta Glowacka, Lucy Yardley, Nicole Stone, Cynthia A Graham
BACKGROUND: Although condoms are effective in reducing the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unintended pregnancy, they are still often not used consistently and correctly. Negative impact on sensation and pleasure, ruining the mood, causing problems with maintaining erection, and condom slippage or breakage are some of the reasons given by men explaining why they do not want to use condoms. Although many interventions promoting condom use exist, some of them delivered online are complex and time- and resource-intensive...
January 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283869/evaluating-public-engagement-for-a-consensus-development-conference
#13
Michelle Chan, Konrad Fassbender
BACKGROUND: Effectively engaging Canadians to help improve the quality and delivery of healthcare to dying Canadians is a priority for healthcare administrators and policy makers. This report shares our evaluation and learnings, applying a series of strategies to encourage policy formation. The Palliative Care Matters consensus development conference held in Ottawa on November 7-9, 2016 brought together members of the public, stakeholders, scientific experts, and a lay panel of interested Canadians to examine Canadian public opinions on palliative care and question experts on how palliative care could be enhanced...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282437/the-utility-of-social-media-in-providing-information-on-zika-virus
#14
Neeraja Chandrasekaran, Kimberly Gressick, Vivek Singh, Jaclyn Kwal, Natalia Cap, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Christine L Curry
Introduction In 2015, there was an outbreak of Zika virus in Brazil that spread throughout the Americas. The association of Zika virus with birth defects in infants born to infected pregnant women created concern for women of childbearing age. Social media is an important platform for health promotion, communication, and education on preventative methods during Zika virus outbreaks. Methods We evaluated the utility of social media on providing information regarding Zika virus. Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and YouTube were utilized for our study...
October 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273655/politics-policies-and-processes-a-multidisciplinary-and-multimethods-research-programme-on-policies-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-inequity-in-australia
#15
Fran Baum, Sharon Friel
INTRODUCTION: The development and implementation of multisectoral policy to improve health and reduce health inequities has been slow and uneven. Evidence is largely focused on the facts of health inequities rather than understanding the political and policy processes. This 5-year funded programme of research investigates how these processes could function more effectively to improve equitable population health. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The programme of work is organised in four work packages using four themes (macroeconomics and infrastructure, land use and urban environments, health systems and racism) related to the structural drivers shaping the distribution of power, money and resources and daily living conditions...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273572/facebook-groups-as-a-powerful-and-dynamic-tool-in-medical-education-mixed-method-study
#16
Leo Nicolai, Moritz Schmidbauer, Maximilian Gradel, Sabine Ferch, Sofía Antón, Boj Hoppe, Tanja Pander, Philip von der Borch, Severin Pinilla, Martin Fischer, Konstantinos Dimitriadis
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites, in particular Facebook, are not only predominant in students' social life but are to varying degrees interwoven with the medical curriculum. Particularly, Facebook groups have been identified for their potential in higher education. However, there is a paucity of data on user types, content, and dynamics of study-related Facebook groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the role of study-related Facebook group use, characterize medical students that use or avoid using Facebook groups (demographics, participation pattern, and motivation), and analyze student posting behavior, covered topics, dynamics, and limitations in Facebook groups with regards to educational usage...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273381/a-filippov-model-describing-the-effects-of-media-coverage-and-quarantine-on-the-spread-of-human-influenza
#17
Can Chen, Nyuk Sian Chong, Robert Smith
Mass-media reports on an epidemic or pandemic have the potential to modify human behaviour and affect social attitudes. Here we construct a Filippov model to evaluate the effects of media coverage and quarantine on the transmission dynamics of influenza. We first choose a piecewise smooth incidence rate to represent media reports being triggered once the number of infected individuals exceeds a certain critical level [Formula: see text] . Further, if the number of infected cases increases and exceeds another larger threshold value [Formula: see text] ( [Formula: see text] ), we consider that the incidence rate tends to a saturation level due to the protection measures taken by individuals; meanwhile, we begin to quarantine susceptible individuals when the number of susceptible individuals is larger than a threshold value Sc...
December 19, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244814/forecasting-influenza-like-illness-dynamics-for-military-populations-using-neural-networks-and-social-media
#18
Svitlana Volkova, Ellyn Ayton, Katherine Porterfield, Courtney D Corley
This work is the first to take advantage of recurrent neural networks to predict influenza-like illness (ILI) dynamics from various linguistic signals extracted from social media data. Unlike other approaches that rely on timeseries analysis of historical ILI data and the state-of-the-art machine learning models, we build and evaluate the predictive power of neural network architectures based on Long Short Term Memory (LSTMs) units capable of nowcasting (predicting in "real-time") and forecasting (predicting the future) ILI dynamics in the 2011 - 2014 influenza seasons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241992/educational-content-and-the-use-of-social-media-at-us-departments-of-surgery
#19
Vahagn C Nikolian, Meredith Barrett, Valeria S Valbuena, Andrew M Ibrahim, Hassan Eidy, Mohamed H Ghandour, Amir A Ghaferi
BACKGROUND: The growth of the social media platform Twitter has prompted many to consider its potential as an educational tool. Little is known about how surgery training programs are utilizing this resource and whether this platform can provide educational content effectively. We sought to determine national utilization of Twitter by departments of surgery in the United States and evaluate if educationally driven content heightened engagement with the Twitter followers. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of social media presence for all Accreditation Council for Graduation Medical Education accredited general surgery training programs between October 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016...
December 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240686/marketing-animal-friendly-products-addressing-the-consumer-social-dilemma-with-reinforcement-positioning-strategies
#20
Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T M Ingenbleek, Hans C M van Trijp, Gerrita van der Veen
This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce consumers' social dilemma, which is a major barrier to animal-friendly consumer choices. The article suggests how animal-friendly products can use various types of consumption values (functional, sensory, emotional, social, epistemic and situational) to create an attractive position relative to their competitors...
December 14, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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