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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809673/heterogeneous-face-attribute-estimation-a-deep-multi-task-learning-approach
#1
Hu Han, Anil K Jain, Shiguang Shan, Xilin Chen
Face attribute estimation has many potential applications in video surveillance, face retrieval, and social media. While a number of methods have been proposed for face attribute estimation, most of them did not explicitly consider the attribute correlation and heterogeneity (e.g., ordinal vs. nominal and holistic vs. local) during feature representation learning. In this paper, we present a Deep Multi-Task Learning (DMTL) approach to jointly estimate multiple heterogeneous attributes from a single face image...
August 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808040/evaluating-the-longitudinal-risk-of-social-vigilance-on-atherosclerosis-study-protocol-for-the-north-texas-heart-study
#2
John M Ruiz, Daniel J Taylor, Bert N Uchino, Timothy W Smith, Matthew Allison, Chul Ahn, Jillian J Johnson, Joshua M Smyth
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors are increasingly recognised as important determinants of cardiovascular disease risk. The North Texas Heart Study aims to understand the mechanisms responsible for this association with a focus on social vigilance (ie, scanning the environment for social threats). There is also growing interest in supplementing traditional methods (eg, survey assessment of psychosocial risk paired with cross-sectional and longitudinal health outcomes) with daily or repeated momentary assessment of psychosocial factors...
August 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807891/a-collaborative-approach-to-identifying-social-media-markers-of-schizophrenia-by-employing-machine-learning-and-clinical-appraisals
#3
Michael L Birnbaum, Sindhu Kiranmai Ernala, Asra F Rizvi, Munmun De Choudhury, John M Kane
BACKGROUND: Linguistic analysis of publicly available Twitter feeds have achieved success in differentiating individuals who self-disclose online as having schizophrenia from healthy controls. To date, limited efforts have included expert input to evaluate the authenticity of diagnostic self-disclosures. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to move from noisy self-reports of schizophrenia on social media to more accurate identification of diagnoses by exploring a human-machine partnered approach, wherein computational linguistic analysis of shared content is combined with clinical appraisals...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801005/pain-and-policy-studies-group-two-decades-of-working-to-address-regulatory-barriers-to-improve-opioid-availability-and-accessibility-around-the-world
#4
James F Cleary, Martha A Maurer
For two decades, the Pain & Policy Studies Group (PPSG), a global research program at the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center, has worked passionately to fulfil its mission of improving pain relief by achieving balanced access to opioids worldwide. PPSG's early work highlighted the conceptual framework of balance leading to the development of the seminal guidelines and criteria for evaluating opioid policy. It has collaborated at the global level with UN agencies to promote access to opioids and has developed a unique model of technical assistance to help national governments assess regulatory barriers to essential medicines for pain relief and amend existing or develop new legislation that facilitates appropriate and adequate opioid prescribing according to international standards...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#5
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798011/the-use-of-facebook-advertising-for-communicating-public-health-messages-a-campaign-against-drinking-during-pregnancy-in-new-zealand
#6
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal, Shobhit Eusebius, Damien Mather
BACKGROUND: Social media is gaining recognition as a platform for delivering public health messages. One area attracting attention from public health researchers and professionals is Facebook's advertising channel. This channel is reported to have a broad reach and generate high user engagement with the disseminated campaign materials. However, to date, no study has examined the communication process via this channel which this study aimed to address. OBJECTIVE: The specific objectives of the study were to (1) examine user engagement for a public health campaign based on the metadata provided by Facebook, (2) analyze comments generated by the campaign materials using text mining, and (3) investigate the relationship between the themes identified in the comments and the message and the sentiments prevalent in the themes that exhibited significant relationships...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798009/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-brief-web-and-mobile-phone-intervention-for-men-with-depression-men-s-positive-coping-strategies-and-associated-depression-resilience-and-work-and-social-functioning
#7
Andrea Susan Fogarty, Judy Proudfoot, Erin Louise Whittle, Janine Clarke, Michael J Player, Helen Christensen, Kay Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified that men experiencing depression do not always access appropriate health services. Web-based interventions represent an alternative treatment option for men, are effective in reducing anxiety and depression, and have potential for wide dissemination. However, men do not access Web-based programs at the same rate as women. Programs with content explicitly tailored to men's mental health needs are required. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the applicability of Man Central, a new Web and mobile phone intervention for men with depression...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795937/creating-a-social-media-assessment-tool-for-family-nursing
#8
Tracie Risling, Derek Risling, Lorraine Holtslander
The use of social media (SM) is contributing to an unprecedented state of global connectivity and occupying an increasingly prominent position in the lives of individuals and families. The more integrated these media become into society the more likely they are to play a role in overall health and family functioning, be it positively or negatively. Family systems theory provides an ideal lens through which to examine the effects of SM in today's family life. This article introduces a new SM assessment tool aligned with the principles of this foundational theory...
February 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793980/a-peer-led-social-media-delivered-safer-sex-intervention-for-chinese-college-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Wai Han Sun, Carlos King Ho Wong, William Chi Wai Wong
BACKGROUND: The peer-led, social media-delivered intervention is an emerging method in sexual health promotion. However, no research has yet investigated its effectiveness as compared with other online channels or in an Asian population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare a peer-led, social media-delivered, safer sex intervention with a sexual health website. Both conditions target Chinese college students in Hong Kong. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted with a peer-led, safer sex Facebook group as the intervention and an existing online sexual health website as the control...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792075/analysing-news-media-coverage-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquake-using-a-community-capitals-lens-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#10
Subas P Dhakal
South Asia is one of the regions of the world most vulnerable to natural disasters. Although news media analyses of disasters have been conducted frequently in various settings globally, there is little research on populous South Asia. This paper begins to fill this gap by evaluating local and foreign news media coverage of the earthquake in Nepal on 25 April 2015. It broadens the examination of news media coverage of disaster response beyond traditional framing theory, utilising community capitals (built, cultural, financial, human, natural, political, and social) lens to perform a thematic content analysis of 405 news items...
August 9, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765076/utility-and-potential-of-rapid-epidemic-intelligence-from-internet-based-sources
#11
REVIEW
S J Yan, A A Chughtai, C R Macintyre
OBJECTIVES: Rapid epidemic detection is an important objective of surveillance to enable timely intervention, but traditional validated surveillance data may not be available in the required timeframe for acute epidemic control. Increasing volumes of data on the Internet have prompted interest in methods that could use unstructured sources to enhance traditional disease surveillance and gain rapid epidemic intelligence. The aim of this review was to summarize Internet-based methods that use freely accessible, unstructured data for epidemic surveillance and explore their timeliness and accuracy outcomes...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764311/altmetrics-a-collated-adjunct-beyond-citations-for-scholarly-impact-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Basavaraj Patthi, Monika Prasad, Ritu Gupta, Ashish Singla, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Kuldeep Dhama, Irfan Ali, Lav Kumar Niraj
INTRODUCTION: In emerging Figures, scholars are unifying social media tools like blogs, Twitter, and Mendeley into their professional communications. The online, open nature of these tools reveals the scholarly action to be clear and unambiguous. Metrics which is set on these activities could enlighten broader, faster measures of impact, supplementing traditional citation metrics. AIM: The present review aims to analyse the correlation of altmetrics with the traditional citations in medical research...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756159/automatic-identification-of-high-impact-articles-in-pubmed-to-support-clinical-decision-making
#13
Jiantao Bian, Mohammad Amin Morid, Siddhartha Jonnalagadda, Gang Luo, Guilherme Del Fiol
OBJECTIVES: The practice of evidence-based medicine involves integrating the latest best available evidence into patient care decisions. Yet, critical barriers exist for clinicians' retrieval of evidence that is relevant for a particular patient from primary sources such as randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses. To help address those barriers, we investigated machine learning algorithms that find clinical studies with high clinical impact from PubMed®. METHODS: Our machine learning algorithms use a variety of features including bibliometric features (e...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751985/public-awareness-regarding-common-eye-diseases-among-saudi-adults-in-riyadh-city-a-quantitative-study
#14
Waleed A Al Rashed, Amro K Bin Abdulrahman, Ahmed A Zarban, Mohammed S Almasri, Abdulrahman S Mirza, Rajiv Khandekar
AIM: The current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of eye disease and awareness of eye care among the Saudi adults and to explore existing eye-related misconceptions in the community. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Riyadh city during May and June 2016. A self-administered anonymous online questionnaire was used to explore the most common misconceptions related to eye diseases and eye care. RESULTS: Out of 1000 individuals, only 711 (71...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751106/altmetrics-a-measure-of-social-attention-toward-scientific-research
#15
Akshay D Baheti, Puneet Bhargava
The quality and effect of scientific research is traditionally measured by citation-based metrics. However, the internet and social media revolution has led to radical changes in the way scientific information is shared and how it affects the world. Alternative metrics (altmetrics) is a rapidly evolving measure to quantify social media attention received by a scientific work. It is a complement to the conventional metrics and has tremendous potential in enabling faster alternative ways of evaluating research impact...
July 24, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739560/ontology-based-approach-to-social-data-sentiment-analysis-detection-of-adolescent-depression-signals
#16
Hyesil Jung, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Tae-Min Song
BACKGROUND: Social networking services (SNSs) contain abundant information about the feelings, thoughts, interests, and patterns of behavior of adolescents that can be obtained by analyzing SNS postings. An ontology that expresses the shared concepts and their relationships in a specific field could be used as a semantic framework for social media data analytics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to refine an adolescent depression ontology and terminology as a framework for analyzing social media data and to evaluate description logics between classes and the applicability of this ontology to sentiment analysis...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739536/time2bhealthy-an-online-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-preschool-aged-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#17
Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Anthony D Okely
BACKGROUND: The use of parent-focused internet-based programs for the prevention and treatment of childhood obesity has shown promise but there is an acknowledged gap in parent-focused interventions which target the early childhood stage. METHODS: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of Time2bHealthy - an online healthy lifestyle program for parents of preschool-aged children. The program will be evaluated using a two-arm, parallel, randomised controlled design...
July 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728584/professionals-perception-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-young-people-a-qualitative-study-in-northern-spain
#18
Amaia Maquibar, Carmen Vives-Cases, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Isabel Goicolea
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem with devastating effects on young women's health. These negative effects increase when the exposure to IPV lasts for a long time and exposure at an early age increases the risk of adult IPV. Despite efforts made in the last few decades, data show little progress has been made towards its reduction. Thus, the aim of the study reported here is to explore professionals' perceptions regarding intimate partner violence (IPV) among young people, focusing on the characteristics of the phenomenon and their perceptions about existing programmes and campaigns aimed at addressing it...
July 20, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723959/a-novel-surveillance-approach-for-disaster-mental-health
#19
Oliver Gruebner, Sarah R Lowe, Martin Sykora, Ketan Shankardass, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Disasters have substantial consequences for population mental health. Social media data present an opportunity for mental health surveillance after disasters to help identify areas of mental health needs. We aimed to 1) identify specific basic emotions from Twitter for the greater New York City area during Hurricane Sandy, which made landfall on October 29, 2012, and to 2) detect and map spatial temporal clusters representing excess risk of these emotions. METHODS: We applied an advanced sentiment analysis on 344,957 Twitter tweets in the study area over eleven days, from October 22 to November 1, 2012, to extract basic emotions, a space-time scan statistic (SaTScan) and a geographic information system (QGIS) to detect and map excess risk of these emotions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723474/introducing-the-twitter-impact-factor-an-objective-measure-of-urology-s-academic-impact-on-twitter
#20
Diana Cardona-Grau, Igor Sorokin, Gabriel Leinwand, Charles Welliver
BACKGROUND: Social media use in academia and urology is rising. Specifically, individual journals now have Twitter accounts (Twitter Inc, San Francisco, CA, USA) and regularly tweet academic content. OBJECTIVE: To present and evaluate the Twitter impact factor (TIF), a novel means of measuring a journal's academic influence in the realm of social media. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Journal Citation Reports (JCR; Thomson Reuters, New York, NY, USA) for 2014 was queried for urologic academic journals...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
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