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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132876/the-distraction-in-action-tool%C3%A2-feasibility-and-usability-in-clinical-settings
#1
Kirsten Hanrahan, Charmaine Kleiber, Ben J Miller, Heather Davis, Ann Marie McCarthy
PURPOSE: Distraction is a relatively simple, evidence-based intervention to minimize child distress during medical procedures. Timely on-site interventions that instruct parents on distraction coaching are needed. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and usability of the Distraction in Action Tool© (DAT©), which 1) predicts child risk for distress with a needle stick and 2) provides individualized instructions for parents on how to be a distraction coach for their child in clinical settings...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124420/mixed-method-evaluation-of-social-media-based-tools-and-traditional-strategies-to-recruit-high-risk-and-hard-to-reach-populations-into-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-study
#2
Sarah J Iribarren, Alhasan Ghazzawi, Alan Z Sheinfil, Timothy Frasca, William Brown, Javier Lopez-Rios, Christine T Rael, Iván C Balán, Raynier Crespo, Curtis Dolezal, Rebecca Giguere, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
Men who have sex with men and transgender women are hard-to-reach populations for research. Social media-based tools may overcome certain barriers in accessing these groups and are being tested in an ongoing study exploring HIV home-test kit use to reduce risk behavior. We analyzed pre-screening responses about how volunteers learned about the study (n = 896) and demographic data from eligible participants who came for an initial study visit (n = 216) to determine the strengths and weaknesses of recruitment strategies...
November 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122503/social-media-scholarship-and-alternative-metrics-for-academic-promotion-and%C3%A2-tenure
#3
Daniel Cabrera, Durga Roy, Margaret S Chisolm
Traditionally, scholars focused their efforts in the domains of clinical care, research, and education; however, the last decade has witnessed the rise of novel areas of development such as innovation, quality improvement, informatics, and recently, digital scholarship. Academic institutions adapted and began considering these fields for academic promotion and tenure. Social media has become a critical space for the dissemination of knowledge and outreach to community and policy makers and also for the creation of communities of practice...
November 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120309/comparing-insider-and-outsider-news-coverage-of-the-2014-ebola-outbreak
#4
Brittany Humphries, Martha Radice, Sophie Lauzier
OBJECTIVES: Information provided by news media during an infectious disease outbreak can affect the actions taken to safeguard public health. There has been little evaluation of how the content of news published during an outbreak varies by location of the news outlet. This study analyzes coverage of the 2014 Ebola outbreak by one news outlet operating within a country affected by the outbreak and one country not directly affected. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis was conducted of articles published in two national news outlets, The Globe and Mail (Canada) and the Vanguard (Nigeria), between January 1 and December 31, 2014...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115911/leveraging-social-media-in-the-stem-cell-sector-exploring-twitter-s-potential-as-a-vehicle-for-public-information-campaigns
#5
Kathleen McNutt, Amy Zarzeczny
AIM: Our aim in this project was to explore Twitter's potential as a vehicle for an online public information campaign (PIC) focused on providing evidence-based information about stem cell therapies and the market for unproven stem cell-based interventions. METHODS: We designed an online, Twitter-based PIC using classic design principles and identified a set of target intermediaries (organizations with online influence) using a network governance approach. We tracked the PIC's dissemination over a 2-month period, and evaluated it using metrics from the #SMMStandards Conclave...
November 8, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107976/piecing-together-the-puzzle-improving-event-content-coverage-for-real-time-sub-event-detection-using-adaptive-microblog-crawling
#6
Laurissa Tokarchuk, Xinyue Wang, Stefan Poslad
In an age when people are predisposed to report real-world events through their social media accounts, many researchers value the benefits of mining user generated content from social media. Compared with the traditional news media, social media services, such as Twitter, can provide more complete and timely information about the real-world events. However events are often like a puzzle and in order to solve the puzzle/understand the event, we must identify all the sub-events or pieces. Existing Twitter event monitoring systems for sub-event detection and summarization currently typically analyse events based on partial data as conventional data collection methodologies are unable to collect comprehensive event data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106777/quality-of-questionnaires-for-the-assessment-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children
#7
Richard Wei Chern Gan, Matija Daniel, Matthew Ridley, Johanna G Barry
INTRODUCTION: Audiometric tests provide information about hearing in otitis media with effusion (OME). Questionnaires can supplement this information by supporting clinical history-taking as well as potentially providing a standardized and comprehensive assessment of the impact of the disease on a child. There are many possible candidate questionnaires. This study aimed to assess the quality and usability of parent / child questionnaires in OME assessment. METHODS: Fifteen, published questionnaires, commonly used in audiological departments (ABEL, CHAPS, CHILD, COW, ECLiPS, ELF, FAPC, HL-7, LIFE-R Student, LIFE-UK IHP, LittlEARS, LSQ, OM-6, OMQ-14, PEACH) were assessed according to the following 8 criteria: conceptual clarity, respondent burden, reliability, validity, normative data, item bias, ceiling/ floor effects, and administrative burden...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105822/why-do-women-request-an-elective-cesarean-delivery-for-non-medical-reasons-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#8
REVIEW
Charles O'Donovan, James O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: Cesarean rates have increased significantly over the past decade. The reasons for this are both complex and context specific, and have significant consequences for health resources. The aim of this systematic review was to assess published, peer-reviewed, and gray qualitative literature on the reasons behind cesarean delivery on maternal request (CDMR). METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases was performed for all relevant articles published between January 2006 and June 2016...
November 6, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102218/impact-of-an-hpv-education-and-vaccination-campaign-among-canadian-university-students
#9
Sabrina Piedimonte, Annie Leung, Andrew Zakhari, Céline Giordano, Pierre-Paul Tellier, Susie Lau
BACKGROUND: Uptake of HPV vaccination among university students remains low despite risky sexual practices and increased prevalence of high-risk HPV genotypes. The study objective was to determine the level of knowledge related to HPV and cervical cancer among university students and to subsequently develop a targeted education and vaccination campaign to increase uptake. METHODS: Phase I was a pilot project in which participants were recruited as part of Cervical Cancer Awareness Week 2015 at two universities, one site immediately offering vaccination and the other not...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101138/do-digital-innovations-for-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-work-results-from-a-systematic-review-1996-2017
#10
Jana Daher, Rohit Vijh, Blake Linthwaite, Sailly Dave, John Kim, Keertan Dheda, Trevor Peter, Nitika Pant Pai
OBJECTIVE: Digital innovations with internet/mobile phones offer a potential cost-saving solution for overburdened health systems with high service delivery costs to improve efficiency of HIV/STI (sexually transmitted infections) control initiatives. However, their overall evidence has not yet been appraised. We evaluated the feasibility and impact of all digital innovations for all HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All settings/all participants...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092030/social-media-return-on-investment-how-much-is-it-worth-to-my-practice
#11
Daniel J Gould, Sheila Nazarian
Background: Plastic surgeons are rapidly integrating social media into their practices and recent articles on the subject have exploded in the literature. Although social media is being evaluated as a tool, few have actually been able to quantify the impact of social media on a practice. Objectives: To quantify the return on investment for social media in a plastic surgery practice. Methods: The ideal method for this type of study is a new practice, without preexisting clients and with a broad approach to marketing to examine the effects of multiple marketing tools...
October 28, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089291/comparison-of-the-impact-of-wikipedia-uptodate-and-a-digital-textbook-on-short-term-knowledge-acquisition-among-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial-of-three-web-based-resources
#12
Michael A Scaffidi, Rishad Khan, Christopher Wang, Daniela Keren, Cindy Tsui, Ankit Garg, Simarjeet Brar, Kamesha Valoo, Michael Bonert, Jacob F de Wolff, James Heilman, Samir C Grover
BACKGROUND: Web-based resources are commonly used by medical students to supplement curricular material. Three commonly used resources are UpToDate (Wolters Kluwer Inc), digital textbooks, and Wikipedia; there are concerns, however, regarding Wikipedia's reliability and accuracy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Wikipedia use on medical students' short-term knowledge acquisition compared with UpToDate and a digital textbook. METHODS: This was a prospective, nonblinded, three-arm randomized trial...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084240/a-sympathetic-nervous-system-evaluation-of-obesity-stigma
#13
Michael D Oliver, Subimal Datta, Debora R Baldwin
The portrayal of obesity in the media is often one of negativity. Consequently, it may generate an increase in stigma. Obesity stigma, a form of social discrimination, is responsible for many of the negative psychological and physiological effects on individual wellness. These effects not only impact individual health, but also affect the economy, and ultimately, societal wellness. In an attempt to examine the influence of the media on obesity stigma, this study tested the hypothesis that positive priming would lead to a reduction in obesity stigma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083295/social-media-technology-and-public-health-in-ontario-findings-from-a-planning-meeting-exploring-current-practices-and-future-research-directions
#14
Richard Booth, Josephine McMurray, Sandra Regan, Anita Kothari, Lorie Donelle, Susan McBride, Annette Sobel, Jodi Hall, Robert Fraser, Lyndsay Foisey
In the province of Ontario, many of the public health units (PHUs) now possess and use social media as part of their daily health promotion and communication operations. To explore this topic, a planning meeting was held to generate deeper insights toward the use of these forms of technology for preventative services delivery. The planning meeting was held with 50 participants, comprising representatives from 20 of the 36 PHUs in Ontario, interested academics, students and government representatives. A nominal group technique (NGT) was used to build consensus related to future research needs, as related to public health and social media...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081315/systematic-review-of-the-design-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-mass-media-and-nutrition-education-interventions-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding
#15
Matthew M Graziose, Shauna M Downs, Quentin O'Brien, Jessica Fanzo
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the design, implementation and effectiveness of mass media and nutrition education interventions for improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and related psychosocial factors. DESIGN: A search of PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO databases, a Google search, and a consultation with experts in the field of IYCF performed in July 2016. SETTING: Low- and middle-income countries, as defined by the World Bank Group...
October 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079388/examining-and-enabling-the-role-of-health-care-providers-as-patient-engagement-facilitators-in-clinical-trials
#16
Kenneth A Getz
PURPOSE: The Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development conducted a study among practicing physicians and nurses (health care providers) across multiple specialties to assess their attitudes and experiences with referring patients into clinical trials and to supplement the body of scholarly research focused primarily on referral practices among oncology-based health care providers. METHODS: A total of 755 physicians and 1255 nurses completed online surveys in late 2015 and early 2016...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078302/temporary-sharing-prompts-unrestrained-disclosures-that-leave-lasting-negative-impressions
#17
Reto Hofstetter, Roland Rüppell, Leslie K John
With the advent of social media, the impressions people make on others are based increasingly on their digital disclosures. However, digital disclosures can come back to haunt, making it challenging for people to manage the impressions they make. In field and online experiments in which participants take, share, and evaluate self-photographs ("selfies"), we show that, paradoxically, these challenges can be exacerbated by temporary-sharing media-technologies that prevent content from being stored permanently...
October 25, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073167/revealed-willingness-to-pay-versus-standard-cost-effectiveness-thresholds-evidence-from-the-south-african-hiv-investment-case
#18
Gesine Meyer-Rath, Craig van Rensburg, Bruce Larson, Lise Jamieson, Sydney Rosen
BACKGROUND: The use of cost-effectiveness thresholds based on a country's income per capita has been criticized for not being relevant to decision making, in particular in middle-income countries such as South Africa. The recent South African HIV Investment Case produced an alternative cost-effectiveness threshold for HIV prevention and treatment interventions based on estimates of life years saved and the country's committed HIV budget. METHODS: We analysed the optimal mix of HIV interventions over a baseline of the current HIV programme under the committed HIV budget for 2016-2018...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071577/obstetric-care-quality-indicators-and-outcomes-based-on-the-degree-of-acculturation-of-immigrants-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-berlin
#19
Matthias David, Theda Borde, Silke Brenne, Babett Ramsauer, Larry Hinkson, Wolfgang Henrich, Oliver Razum, Jürgen Breckenkamp
HYPOTHESIS: Acculturation is a complex, multidimensional process involving the integration of the traditional norms, values, and lifestyles of a new cultural environment. It is, however, unclear what impact the degree of acculturation has on obstetric outcomes. METHODS: Data collection was performed in 2011 and 2012 at three obstetric tertiary centers in Berlin, Germany. Standardized interviews (20-30 min.) were performed with support of evaluated questionnaires...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065933/making-replication-mainstream
#20
Rolf A Zwaan, Alexander Etz, Richard E Lucas, M Brent Donnellan
Many philosophers of science and methodologists have argued that the ability to repeat studies and obtain similar results is an essential component of science. A finding is elevated from single observation to scientific evidence when the procedures that were used to obtain it can be reproduced and the finding itself can be replicated. Recent replication attempts show that some high profile results---most notably in psychology, but in many other disciplines as well---cannot be replicated consistently. These replication attempts have generated a considerable amount of controversy and the issue of whether direct replications have value has, in particular, proven to be contentious...
October 25, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
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