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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428164/zika-in-twitter-temporal-variations-of-locations-actors-and-concepts
#1
Anthony Stefanidis, Emily Vraga, Georgios Lamprianidis, Jacek Radzikowski, Paul L Delamater, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Dieter Pfoser, Arie Croitoru, Andrew Crooks
BACKGROUND: The recent Zika outbreak witnessed the disease evolving from a regional health concern to a global epidemic. During this process, different communities across the globe became involved in Twitter, discussing the disease and key issues associated with it. This paper presents a study of this discussion in Twitter, at the nexus of location, actors, and concepts. OBJECTIVE: Our objective in this study was to demonstrate the significance of 3 types of events: location related, actor related, and concept related, for understanding how a public health emergency of international concern plays out in social media, and Twitter in particular...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420600/increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-through-a-healthy-eating-blog-a-feasibility-study
#2
Marie-Eve Caplette, Véronique Provencher, Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Marilyn Dugrenier, Annie Lapointe, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sharon Straus, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts made by public health organizations to improve consumption of fruits and vegetables, populations in developed countries usually eat less than the minimum recommended. Social media, such as blogs, represent a unique opportunity for improving knowledge translation in health care because they facilitate interactive communication between the public and health professionals. However, no studies have yet evaluated the effect of blogs to promote dietary behavior changes...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420401/using-media-to-impact-health-policy-making-an-integrative-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Lama Bou-Karroum, Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Hemadi, Yasmine Faraj, Utkarsh Ojha, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Darzi, Maha Ali, Carine Doumit, Etienne V Langlois, Jad Melki, Gladys Honein AbouHaidar, Elie A Akl
INTRODUCTION: Media interventions can potentially play a major role in influencing health policies. This integrative systematic review aimed to assess the effects of planned media interventions-including social media-on the health policy-making process. METHODS: Eligible study designs included randomized and non-randomized designs, economic studies, process evaluation studies, stakeholder analyses, qualitative methods, and case studies. We electronically searched Medline, EMBASE, Communication and Mass Media Complete, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the WHO Global Health Library...
April 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418746/risk-and-outbreak-communication-lessons-from-taiwan-s-experiences-in-the-post-sars-era
#4
Yu-Chen Hsu, Yu-Ling Chen, Han-Ning Wei, Yu-Wen Yang, Ying-Hwei Chen
In addition to the impact of a disease itself, public reaction could be considered another outbreak to be controlled during an epidemic. Taiwan's experience with SARS in 2003 highlighted the critical role played by the media during crisis communication. After the SARS outbreak, Taiwan's Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) followed the WHO outbreak communication guidelines on trust, early announcements, transparency, informing the public, and planning, in order to reform its risk communication systems. This article describes the risk communication framework in Taiwan, which has been used to respond to the 2009-2016 influenza epidemics, Ebola in West Africa (2014-16), and MERS-CoV in South Korea (2015) during the post-SARS era...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413166/health-literacy-scale-and-causal-model-of-childhood-overweight
#5
Ungsinun Intarakamhang, Patrawut Intarakamhang
BACKGROUND: WHO focuses on developing health literacy (HL) referring to cognitive and social skills. Our objectives were to develop a scale for evaluating the HL level of Thai childhood overweight, and develop a path model of health behavior (HB) for preventing obesity. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This research used a mixed method. Overall, 2,000 school students were aged 9 to 14 yr collected by stratified random sampling from all parts of Thailand in 2014...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410188/like-or-dislike-impact-of-facebook-on-ewing-sarcoma-treatment
#6
Paul Ruckenstuhl, Michael Schippinger, Paul Liebmann, Andreas Leithner, Gerwin Bernhardt
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients are raising their voices in online forums to exchange health-related information. Facebook is the leading social media platform with more than 1 billion international daily users recorded in the summer of 2015. Facebook has a dynamic audience and is utilized in a number of ways, discussing medical issues being one of them. Ewing sarcoma mainly affects teenagers and young adults. Additionally, many individuals within this age group are regular users of Facebook...
August 25, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408362/ehealth-search-patterns-a-comparison-of-private-and-public-health-care-markets-using-online-panel-data
#7
Janina Anne Schneider, Christopher Patrick Holland
BACKGROUND: Patient and consumer access to eHealth information is of crucial importance because of its role in patient-centered medicine and to improve knowledge about general aspects of health and medical topics. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to analyze and compare eHealth search patterns in a private (United States) and a public (United Kingdom) health care market. METHODS: A new taxonomy of eHealth websites is proposed to organize the largest eHealth websites...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406884/use-of-video-directly-observed-therapy-for-treatment-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-johnson-county-kansas-2015
#8
Elizabeth Lawlor Holzschuh, Stacie Province, Krystle Johnson, Caitlin Walls, Cathy Shemwell, Gary Martin, Amy Showalter, Jennifer Dunlay, Andrew Conyers, Phil Griffin, Nancy Tausz
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is spread from person to person through the air. TB can be spread in congregate settings, such as school environments, to varying degrees, based on factors including duration of contact and air ventilation (1); therefore, evaluating potential contacts and exposures can be challenging. In February 2015, a student at a Kansas high school received a diagnosis of active pulmonary TB disease. Screening of 385 (91%) school contacts, four (100%) household contacts, and 19 (90%) social contacts resulted in the identification of 50 persons with latent TB infection...
April 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406107/evaluating-the-use-of-twitter-as-a-tool-to-increase-engagement-in-medical-education
#9
Basia Diug, Evie Kendal, Dragan Ilic
BACKGROUND: Social media is regularly used by undergraduate students. Twitter has a constant feed to the most current research, news and opinions of experts as well as organisations. Limited evidence exists that examines how to use social media platforms, such as Twitter, effectively in medical education. Furthermore, there is limited evidence to inform educators regarding social media's potential to increase student interaction and engagement. AIM: To evaluate whether social media, in particular Twitter, can be successfully used as a pedagogical tool in an assessment to increase student engagement with staff, peers and course content...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405896/integrating-personalized-technology-in-toxicology-sensors-smart-glass-and-social-media-applications-in-toxicology-research
#10
Stephanie Carreiro, Peter R Chai, Jennifer Carey, Brittany Chapman, Edward W Boyer
Rapid proliferation of mobile technologies in social and healthcare spaces create an opportunity for advancement in research and clinical practice. The application of mobile, personalized technology in healthcare, referred to as mHealth, has not yet become routine in toxicology. However, key features of our practice environment, such as frequent need for remote evaluation, unreliable historical data from patients, and sensitive subject matter, make mHealth tools appealing solutions in comparison to traditional methods that collect retrospective or indirect data...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400954/increasing-use-of-mental-health-services-in-remote-areas-using-mobile-technology-a-pre-post-evaluation-of-the-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#11
Pallab K Maulik, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vamsi Krishna Vadlamani, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel
BACKGROUND: About 25% of the Indian population experience common mental disorders (CMD) but only 15-25% of them receive any mental health care. Stigma, lack of adequate mental health professionals and mental health services account for this treatment gap, which is worse in rural areas. Our project evaluated task shifting and mobile-technology based electronic decision support systems to enhance the ability of primary care health workers to provide evidence-based mental health care for stress, depression, and suicidal risk in 30 remote villages in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399676/a-social-marketing-approach-to-1-milk-use-resonance-is-the-key
#12
Karla Jaye Finnell, Robert John
The U.S. Dietary Guidelines recommend low-fat milk consumption, and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) programs follow these guidelines to develop health education programs for SNAP recipients. This study evaluated a multilevel media intervention promoting low-fat milk use among Oklahoma SNAP recipients, a population often missed. Behavior change was measured with pre- and postintervention telephone interviews with SNAP recipients ( n = 860). Immediately following the intervention, self-reported purchases of 1% milk, the focus of behavior change, significantly increased to 7...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385690/what-is-the-impact-of-a-research-publication
#13
Seena Fazel, Achim Wolf
An increasing number of metrics are used to measure the impact of research papers. Despite being the most commonly used, the 2-year impact factor is limited by a lack of generalisability and comparability, in part due to substantial variation within and between fields. Similar limitations apply to metrics such as citations per paper. New approaches compare a paper's citation count to others in the research area, while others measure social and traditional media impact. However, none of these measures take into account an individual author's contribution to the paper or the number of authors, which we argue are key limitations...
April 6, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379079/evaluating-vetfinals-can-twitter-help-students-prepare-for-final-examinations
#14
Tierney Kinnison, Martin Whiting, Kirsty Magnier, Liz Mossop
Twitter is increasingly used in education. In this article, Twitter was evaluated for its potential to aid veterinary students in their preparation for final examinations. "#VetFinals" revision sessions were facilitated by experts on a variety of topics. The initiative was evaluated through consideration of potential participants, session content and student experiences. In analysis of nine sessions, 52 students participated from eight veterinary schools. During a session, the facilitator tweeted 66 times on average, primarily asking a general question...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373931/piloting-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-for-adolescents-with-adhd
#15
Erin Schoenfelder, Megan Moreno, Molly Wilner, Kathryn B Whitlock, Jason A Mendoza
Physical activity (PA) reduces symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); interventions to increase PA may improve functioning and health for adolescents with ADHD. Mobile health (mHealth) technology and social media constitute promising interactive modalities for engaging adolescents-who are at highest risk for ADHD treatment drop-out-in interventions to increase PA. The current pilot study evaluated feasibility and acceptability of an innovative intervention incorporating an mHealth-linked wearable activity tracker (Fitbit Flex) and a Facebook group to increase PA among adolescents with ADHD...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370321/a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-social-media-literacy-intervention-to-reduce-risk-factors-for-eating-disorders
#16
Siân A McLean, Eleanor H Wertheim, Jennifer Masters, Susan J Paxton
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study investigated the effectiveness of a social media literacy intervention for adolescent girls on risk factors for eating disorders. METHOD: A quasi-experimental pre- to post-test design comparing intervention and control conditions was used. Participants were 101 adolescent girls (Mage  = 13.13, SD = 0.33) who were allocated to receive three social media literacy intervention lessons (n = 64) or to receive classes as usual (n = 37)...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359728/enriching-consumer-health-vocabulary-through-mining-a-social-q-a-site-a-similarity-based-approach
#17
Zhe He, Zhiwei Chen, Sanghee Oh, Jinghui Hou, Jiang Bian
The widely known vocabulary gap between health consumers and healthcare professionals hinders information seeking and health dialogue of consumers on end-user health applications. The Open Access and Collaborative Consumer Health Vocabulary (OAC CHV), which contains health-related terms used by lay consumers, has been created to bridge such a gap. Specifically, the OAC CHV facilitates consumers' health information retrieval by enabling consumer-facing health applications to translate between professional language and consumer friendly language...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350192/a-real-world-evaluation-of-a-treatment-for-infant-colic-based-on-the-experience-and-perceptions-of-4004-parents
#18
Martin Goldman, Tricia Beaumont
Infant colic (IC) is a common condition in young babies seen by primary care health professionals, especially health visitors. Nevertheless, the diagnostic criteria for IC are vague, which has resulted in a lack of clarity in published guidance on its causes and treatment. Credence has been given to alternative therapies, while health professionals are sceptical about the efficacy of over-the-counter treatments. Some 4004 parents of babies considered to have IC participated in this retrospective real world evidence study on the efficacy of a simeticone suspension in the treatment of IC...
March 1, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349220/social-media-monitoring-of-discrimination-and-hiv-testing-in-brazil-2014-2015
#19
René Clausen Nielsen, Miguel Luengo-Oroz, Maeve B Mello, Josi Paz, Colin Pantin, Taavi Erkkola
Big data can be used to assess perceptions about public health issues. This study assessed social media data from Twitter to inform communication campaigns to promote HIV testing and reduce discrimination related to HIV/AIDS or towards key populations to the HIV epidemic, and its potential utility to evaluate such campaigns through HIV testing uptake. Tweets from Brazil were collected from January 2014 to March 2015 and filtered by four categories of keywords including discrimination, HIV prevention, HIV testing, and HIV campaigns...
March 27, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346161/gender-differences-in-sleep-hygiene-practices-and-sleep-quality-in-new-zealand-adolescents-aged-15-to-17-years
#20
Barbara C Galland, Andrew R Gray, Jonathan Penno, Claire Smith, Carmen Lobb, Rachael W Taylor
AIM: To examine, in a nationwide sample of New Zealand adolescents, self-reported sleep hygiene, and specifically evening technology and caffeine use, and body mass index, in relation to sleep quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 692 adolescents (59% girls), predominantly European (78%), with an average age of 16 years 9 months were recruited through schools, community advertising, and social media. MEASURES: All participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale online, and questions about their height, weight, evening technology use, and caffeine consumption...
April 2017: Sleep Health
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