keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

obesity, OSA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455209/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-otolaryngologic-manifestations-in-children-with-pseudohypoparathyroidism
#1
Kathleen L Curley, Sachini Kahanda, Katia M Perez, Beth A Malow, Ashley H Shoemaker
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a rare, genetic disorder. Patients with PHP may have increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but this has not been prospectively studied. METHODS: We enrolled children aged 6-18 years with PHP and matched controls. Evaluation included physical examination, medical history, and polysomnography. RESULTS: Fifteen children with PHP type 1A (PHP1A) and 15 controls completed the study...
February 16, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453905/sleep-apnea-and-type-2-diabetes
#2
Isao Muraki, Hiroo Wada, Takeshi Tanigawa
The aim of this review is to clarify the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes, and discuss the therapeutic role of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in type 2 diabetes. OSA patients are more likely than non-OSA populations to develop type 2 diabetes while more than half of patients with type 2 diabetes suffer from OSA. Similarly to the Western countries, in the East Asian population, the association between these two disorders has also been reported. CPAP is the primary treatment for OSA, but the effect of CPAP on comorbid diabetes has not been established...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442057/inguinal-hernia-repair-in-day-surgery-the-role-of-mac-monitored-anesthesia-care-with-remifentanil
#3
P Palumbo, S Usai, C Amatucci, B Perotti, L Ruggeri, G Illuminati, G Tellan
BACKGROUND: The extension of indications for procedures in a Day Surgery (DS) setting has led to changes in the anesthetic and surgical treatment of Inguinal Hernias (IH). According to the recommendations of the European Hernia Society, the treatment of IH in DS units should be performed under Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 960 patients underwent IH repairs over a period of 24 months. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: R (remifentanil) and F (fentanyl); the group F was considered as a control group...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425754/does-the-medical-comorbidity-profile-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-treated-with-maxillomandibular-advancement-differ-from-that-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-managed-nonsurgically
#4
Richard Ngo, Elaina Pullano, Zachary S Peacock, Edward T Lahey, Meredith August
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients with retrognathia and measurable anatomic airway determinants may represent a subset of OSA patients and have distinct comorbidity profiles. Our aim was to compare the medical comorbidities of OSA patients managed surgically with maxillomandibular advancement with those of nonsurgical patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional retrospective study, patients for both cohorts were identified through the Massachusetts General Hospital oral and maxillofacial surgery data registry and the Massachusetts General Hospital Research Patient Data Registry...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425583/prevalence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-japanese-medical-students-based-on-type-3-out-of-center-sleep-test
#5
Tsuguo Nishijima, Tetsuya Kizawa, Keisuke Hosokawa, Fumiyo Endo, Yoshihiko Kasai, Yoshihiro Yamashiro, Shigeu Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), especially obstructive sleep apnea disorder (OSA), is thought to mainly affect men over the age of 40. Following findings that Asian people are more likely to experience severe OSA, regardless of obesity, we investigated the prevalence of SDB and OSA in a larger sample and in more younger age groups than those described in previous reports. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2016, 487 medical students (358 males, mean age 24...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425579/the-impact-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-on-cardiovascular-health-in-overweight-children
#6
Rosemary S C Horne, Genevieve Shandler, Knarik Tamanyan, Aidan Weichard, Alexsandria Odoi, Sarah N Biggs, Margot J Davey, Gillian M Nixon, Lisa M Walter
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of overweight/obese children have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared to up to 6% of normal weight children. We compared cardiovascular variables between normal weight and overweight/obese children with and without OSA, and controls. METHODS: Seventy-four referred children and 24 normal weight non-snoring controls (8-18 years) were recruited. Referred children were grouped according to their obstructive apnea hypopnea index (OAHI): OSA (>1 event/h) or primary snoring (PS ≤ 1 event/h) and whether they were normal weight (BMI z-score <1...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425382/the-beneficial-effect-of-weight-reduction-on-adverse-cardiovascular-outcomes-following-bariatric-surgery-is-attenuated-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Ahmed Dalmar, Maharaj Singh, Bennet Pandey, Christopher Stoming, Zoe Heis, Khawaja Afzal Ammar, M Fuad Jan, Indrajit Choudhuri, Thomas Y Chua, Jasbir Sra, A Jamil Tajik, Arshad Jahangir
Weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with reduction in adverse cardiovascular outcomes; however, the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on reduction of cardiovascular outcomes after bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients is not known. We retrospectively assessed differences in cardiovascular events after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB)-induced weight loss in patients with and without OSA before and after propensity score matching for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and major comorbidities between the two groups and determined predictors of poor outcomes...
February 7, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425355/an-initial-report-of-sleep-disorders-in-women-in-the-u-s-military
#8
Dale C Capener, Matthew S Brock, Shana L Hansen, Panagiotis Matsangas, Vincent Mysliwiec
Introduction: Sleep disorders are increasingly recognized in active duty service members (ADSM). While there are multiple studies in male ADSM, there are limited data regarding sleep disorders in women in the military. The purpose of this study was to characterize sleep disorders in female ADSM referred for clinical evaluation to provide a better understanding of this unique population. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of female ADSM who underwent a sleep medicine evaluation and an attended polysomnogram (PSG)...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424194/evaluation-of-endothelial-function-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-non-obese-patients-with-slight-degree-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#9
Fiorella Devito, Annapaola Zito, Silvano Dragonieri, Pierluigi Carratù, Vitaliano N Quaranta, Francesco Vitale, Nicola Quaranta, Francesco Panza, Giancarlo Logroscino, Matteo Cameli, Onofrio Resta, Marco Matteo Ciccone
Recently, it has been clearly described an independent relationship between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and cardiovascular risk, with underlying mechanisms also including endothelial dysfunction. We enrolled 32 consecutive non-obese patients (mean age of 39.5±11.5 years), of which 16 with mild OSAS and 16 snoring without OSAS. Mild OSAS is defined by an AHI index between 5 and 15. We have investigated if whether there was a relationship between mild OSAS, endothelial function and carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT)...
December 5, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424037/severity-of-osas-cpap-and-cardiovascular-events-a-follow-up-study
#10
Francesco Baratta, Daniele Pastori, Mario Fabiani, Valerio Fabiani, Fabrizio Ceci, Rossella Lillo, Valeria Lolli, Marco Brunori, Gaetano Pannitteri, Elena Cravotto, Corrado De Vito, Francesco Angelico, Maria Del Ben
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) as a major risk factor for incident cardiovascular events. However, the relationship between OSAS severity, the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment and the development of cardiovascular disease is still matter of debate. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim was to test the association between OSAS and cardiovascular events in patients with concomitant cardio-metabolic diseases and the potential impact of CPAP therapy on cardiovascular outcomes...
February 9, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409812/effects-of-obesity-therapies-on-sleep-disorders
#11
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Robert I Berkowitz, Ignacio E Tapia
Obesity is a significant risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), and has also been linked to reductions in sleep quality and quantity. Weight loss has been shown to be an effective treatment for improving OSAS; however, there is a high degree of variability in improvements of OSAS in response to weight loss. There are three modalities of obesity therapies: 1) lifestyle modification, which includes changes in dietary intake and physical activity, along with behavioral interventions; 2) pharmacologic agents; and 3) bariatric surgery...
January 31, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394961/effects-of-coexisting-asthma-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-sleep-architecture-oxygen-saturation-and-systemic-inflammation-in-women
#12
Fredrik Sundbom, Christer Janson, Andrei Malinovschi, Eva Lindberg
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Both asthma and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are strongly associated with poor sleep. Asthma and OSA also have several features in common, including airway obstruction, systemic inflammation, and an association with obesity. The aim was to analyze the effect of asthma, OSA, and the combination of asthma and OSA on objectively measured sleep quality and systemic inflammation. METHODS: Sleep and health in women is an ongoing community-based study in Uppsala, Sweden...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392572/the-influence-of-gender-on-symptoms-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Carlos Alberto Nigro, Eduardo Dibur, Eduardo Borsini, Silvana Malnis, Glenda Ernst, Ignacio Bledel, Sergio González, Anabella Arce, Facundo Nogueira
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the clinical expression of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may differ in women and men. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of gender on reported OSA-related symptoms in a large clinical population of patients. METHODS: The database from the sleep laboratory of a tertiary care center was examined. Adult patients who had undergone a diagnostic polysomnography and completed the Berlin questionnaire, a sleep questionnaire, and the Epworth sleepiness scale were selected...
February 1, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391572/obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#14
REVIEW
Sophie D West, Chris Turnbull
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is increasing in prevalence due to rising obesity. While OSA is a disorder primarily of the upper airway during sleep, its pathophysiological impact on other body systems is increasingly recognised. There has been interest in the prevalence of OSA in different ophthalmic conditions and possible causation has been postulated. As OSA is common, it can be expected that people with co-existent OSA will be found in any ophthalmic disease population studied. To determine with confidence the significance of finding patients with OSA in a particular cohort requires a well matched control group, ideally matched for age, obesity, gender and co-morbidities...
February 2, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391284/unexplained-practice-variation-in-primary-care-providers-concern-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Sarah Honaker, Tamara Dugan, Ameet Daftary, Stephanie Davis, Chandan Saha, Fitsum Baye, Emily Freeman, Stephen Downs
OBJECTIVE: To examine primary care provider (PCP) screening practice for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and predictive factors for screening habits. A secondary objective was to describe the polysomnography (PSG) completion proportion and outcome. We hypothesized that both provider and child health factors would predict PCP suspicion of OSA. METHODS: A computer decision support system that automated screening for snoring was implemented in five urban primary care clinics in Indianapolis, Indiana...
January 29, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389945/intermittent-hypoxia-causes-histological-kidney-damage-and-increases-growth-factor-expression-in-a-mouse-model-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Bisher Abuyassin, Mohammad Badran, Najib T Ayas, Ismail Laher
Epidemiological studies demonstrate an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and accelerated loss of kidney function. It is unclear whether the decline in function is due to OSA per se or to other confounding factors such as obesity. In addition, the structural kidney abnormalities associated with OSA are unclear. The objective of this study was to determine whether intermittent hypoxia (IH), a key pathological feature of OSA, induces renal histopathological damage using a mouse model. Ten 8-week old wild-type male CB57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to receive either IH or intermittent air (IA) for 60 days...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388810/knowledge-gaps-in-the-perioperative-management-of-adults-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report
#17
Najib T Ayas, Cheryl R Laratta, John M Coleman, Anthony G Doufas, Matthias Eikermann, Peter C Gay, Daniel J Gottlieb, Indira Gurubhagavatula, David R Hillman, Roop Kaw, Atul Malhotra, Babak Mokhlesi, Timothy I Morgenthaler, Sairam Parthasarathy, Satya Krishna Ramachandran, Kingman P Strohl, Patrick J Strollo, Michael J Twery, Phyllis C Zee, Frances F Chung
The purpose of this workshop was to identify knowledge gaps in the perioperative management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS). A single-day meeting was held at the American Thoracic Society Conference in May, 2016, with representation from many specialties, including anesthesiology, perioperative medicine, sleep, and respiratory medicine. Further research is urgently needed as we look to improve health outcomes for these patients and reduce health care costs. There is currently insufficient evidence to guide screening and optimization of OSA and OHS in the perioperative setting to achieve these objectives...
February 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374961/effect-of-lifestyle-modification-using-a-smartphone-application-on-obesity-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-short-term-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Sung-Woo Cho, Jee Hye Wee, Sooyoung Yoo, Eunyoung Heo, Borim Ryu, Yoojung Kim, Joong Seek Lee, Jeong-Whun Kim
Objectives.: To investigate the short-term effects of a lifestyle modification intervention based on a mobile application (app) linked to a hospital electronic medical record (EMR) system on weight reduction and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods.: We prospectively enrolled adults (aged >20 years) with witnessed snoring or sleep apnea from a sleep clinic. The patients were randomized into the app user (n=24) and control (n=23) groups. The mobile app was designed to collect daily lifestyle data by wearing a wrist activity tracker and reporting dietary intake...
January 30, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373256/severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-elevated-blood-pressure
#19
Jane Hinkle, Heidi V Connolly, Heather R Adams, Marc B Lande
The objective was to determine the prevalence of habitual snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a cohort of children referred for elevated blood pressure (BP), and to determine the association between OSA and BP elevation, learning difficulties, and behavioral problems. We performed a retrospective review of 446 consecutive new patients referred for elevated BP. One hundred four (23%) had habitual snoring. Patients with habitual snoring were more likely to be obese (86.5 vs. 55.6%, P < .001) and to have Medicaid insurance (52...
January 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365014/type-of-menopause-age-at-menopause-and-risk-of-developing-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-postmenopausal-women
#20
Tianyi Huang, Brian M Lin, Susan Redline, Gary C Curhan, Frank B Hu, Shelley S Tworoger
Despite established sex differences and longstanding hypotheses of sex hormones in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) etiology, no studies have evaluated type of menopause and age at menopause, which affect postmenopausal hormonal milieu, in relation to OSA risk in women. We followed 50,473 postmenopausal women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) between 2002-2012 and 53,827 postmenopausal women from the NHSII between 1995-2013, with 1,712 and 2,560 incident OSA diagnoses, respectively. Compared with natural menopause, the pooled HR for OSA was 1...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
keyword
keyword
30127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"