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Post Thrombotic Syndrome

Anat Rabinovich, Susan R Kahn
The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a chronic complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) that imposes significant morbidity, reduces quality of life and is costly. After DVT, 20-50% of patients will develop PTS, and up to 5% will develop severe PTS. The principal risk factors for PTS are anatomically extensive DVT, recurrent ipsilateral DVT, obesity and older age. By preventing the initial DVT and DVT recurrence, primary and secondary prophylaxis of DVT will reduce the occurrence of PTS. The effectiveness of elastic compression stockings (ECS) for PTS prevention is controversial...
March 15, 2018: Blood
Yuka Matsunaga, Masataka Ishimura, Hazumu Nagata, Kiyoshi Uike, Tadamune Kinjo, Masayuki Ochiai, Kenichiro Yamamura, Hidetoshi Takada, Yoshihisa Tanoue, Masaki Hayakawa, Masanori Matsumoto, Toshiro Hara, Shouichi Ohga
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA) are microvascular occlusive disorders characterized by systemic or intrarenal platelet aggregation, thrombocytopenia, and red cell fragmentation. Post-operative TMA mostly occurs in adult patients with cardiovascular surgery, with the distinct pathophysiology from classical thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) although the exact pathophysiology remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: A one-month-old infant developed TMA after the initial surgery of double outlet right ventricle...
February 7, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
William J Yoon, Pegge Halandras, Bernadette Aulivola, Paul Crisostomo
INTRODUCTION & OBJECTIVES: Cancer patients demonstrate increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), VTE recurrence, and anticoagulation-associated bleeding. Pharmacomechanical thrombolysis and thrombectomy (PMT) improves venous patency, venous valve function, and quality of life in patients with acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). It remains unknown whether pharmacomechanical thrombolysis can be used safely in patients with active cancer. We hypothesized that perioperative and short-term outcomes of pharmacomechanical iliofemoral DVT thrombolysis would not differ between patients with cancer and those without cancer...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Haiyang Wang, Xiaotong Qi, Yikuan Chen, Jianming Sun
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) using the anterior tibial vein approach and popliteal vein approach for acute lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis (LEDVT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2014 to October 2015, 63 patients with unilateral acute extensive LEDVT were enrolled in this study: 36 patients received CDT via the popliteal vein approach (PVA) group, and 27 patients received CDT via the anterior tibial vein approach (ATVA) group...
March 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Anna K Stuck, Thomas Reich, Rolf P Engelberger, Tim Sebastian, Nils Kucher
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate venous patency and clinical outcomes for endovascular treatment of iliofemoral venous obstruction in patients with post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and non-thrombotic iliac vein lesion (NIVL) with dedicated self-expanding nitinol stents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the prospective Swiss Venous Stent Registry, enrolling consecutive patients with a standardized follow-up procedure since January 2008...
March 7, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Luka Jeraj, Ana Spirkoska, Mateja Kaja Ježovnik, Pavel Poredoš
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) affects more than one out of 1,000 people every year, of which 50 % develop post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Studies indicated that patients with DVT have deteriorated arterial wall function, while less is known about the association with PTS. We therefore investigated this relationship further. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients treated for DVT of the lower extremity and a control group of 40 subjects without DVT were included...
February 27, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Mette Søgaard, Peter Brønnum Nielsen, Flemming Skjøth, Jette Nordstrøm Kjældgaard, Craig I Coleman, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of rivaroxaban to reduce post-thrombotic syndrome in patients with venous thromboembolism is largely unknown. We compared rates of post-thrombotic syndrome in patients given rivaroxaban versus warfarin in a cohort of routine clinical care patients with incident venous thromboembolism. METHODS: We linked Danish nationwide registries to identify all patients with incident venous thromboembolism who were new users of rivaroxaban or warfarin and compared rates of post-thrombotic syndrome using an inverse probability of treatment weighting approach to account for baseline confounding...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Jeanine J Sol, Moniek van de Loo, Marit Boerma, Klasien A Bergman, Albertine E Donker, Mark A H B M van der Hoeven, Christiaan V Hulzebos, Ronny Knol, K Djien Liem, Richard A van Lingen, Enrico Lopriore, Monique H Suijker, Daniel C Vijlbrief, Remco Visser, Margreet A Veening, Mirjam M van Weissenbruch, C Heleen van Ommen
BACKGROUND: In critically ill (preterm) neonates, central venous catheters (CVCs) are increasingly used for administration of medication or parenteral nutrition. A serious complication, however, is the development of catheter-related thrombosis (CVC-thrombosis), which may resolve by itself or cause severe complications. Due to lack of evidence, management of neonatal CVC-thrombosis varies among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). In the Netherlands an expert-based national management guideline has been developed which is implemented in all 10 NICUs in 2014...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Chao-Nan Wang, Hong-Ru Deng
BACKGROUND: Combination treatment with percutaneous endovenous intervention (PEVI) and anticoagulation has been proposed for treating lower-extremity proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effect of PEVI plus anticoagulation versus anticoagulation alone in patients with lower-extremity proximal DVT. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to May 2016...
February 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Kristijonas Milinis, Ankur Thapar, Joseph Shalhoub, Alun H Davies
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Deep venous stenting is increasingly used in the treatment of deep venous obstruction; however, there is currently no consensus regarding post-procedural antithrombotic therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine the most commonly used antithrombotic regimens and facilitate global consensus. METHODS: An electronic survey containing three clinical scenarios on venous stenting for non-thrombotic iliac vein lesions, acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and post-thrombotic syndrome was distributed to five societies whose members included vascular surgeons, interventional radiologists, and haematologists...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Chongqing Huang, Guanfeng Yu, Jingyong Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of endovascular interventional treatment for iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 68 patients with IVCS, underwent interventional treatment in our hospital, were analyzed retrospectively. Among these patients, 46 were complicated with lower extremity varicose veins. 65 patients underwent stent implantation, while 3 patients underwent simple balloon angioplasty. 14 patients were complicated with post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and 11patients with acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT)...
February 8, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Yadong Shi, Wanyin Shi, Liang Chen, Jianping Gu
To review the clinical evidence for ultrasound-accelerated catheter-directed thrombolysis (UACDT) using the EKOS system in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in terms of case selection, procedural outcomes, clinical outcomes and safety outcomes. A systematic literature search strategy was used to identify the use of the EKOS system in the treatment of DVT using the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane databases and the Web of Science. The references in the relevant literature were also screened...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Mohammad E Barbati, Alexander Gombert, Irwin Toonder, Timme Maj van Vuuren, Karina Schleimer, Jochen Grommes, Cees Ha Wittens, Houman Jalaie
Background Patients with post-thrombotic syndrome due to chronic venous obstruction and resistant to conservative management can benefit from endovenous revascularization. The current study investigated the usefulness of duplex ultrasound in monitoring the stent changes over the time. Method All duplex ultrasound images of treated patients were reviewed retrospectively. The stent diameter and area during the follow-up visits have been analyzed. Result A total of 210 stents were placed in 137 limbs. Duplex ultrasound findings showed a decrease in area of stent in all patients (mean: 0...
January 1, 2018: Phlebology
Peter Hoang, Alex Wallace, Mark Sugi, Andrew Fleck, Yash Pershad, Nirvikar Dahiya, Hassan Albadawi, Grace Knuttinen, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a significant medical problem with an incidence of 1 in 1,000 adults and greatly reduces quality of life through post-thrombotic syndrome. Treatment choice for DVT can be influenced by the age of the clot. While new endovascular catheter techniques treat venous clots to potentially prevent post-thrombotic syndrome, they require improved imaging techniques to accurately determine clot age. This review investigates experimental and clinical evidence of elastography techniques for aging DVT...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Drew Fleck, Hassan Albadawi, Fadi Shamoun, Grace Knuttinen, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major health problem worldwide. The risk of pulmonary embolism following DVT is well established, but the long-term vascular sequelae of DVT are often underappreciated, costly to manage, and can have extremely detrimental effects on quality of life. Treatment of DVT classically involves oral anticoagulation, which reduces the risk of pulmonary embolism but does not remove the clot. Anticoagulation therefore does little to prevent the venous damage and scarring that occurs following DVT, leaving the patient at risk for permanent venous insufficiency and development of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS)...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Alex Wallace, Hassan Albadawi, Peter Hoang, Andrew Fleck, Sailendra Naidu, Grace Knuttinen, Rahmi Oklu
The anti-inflammatory effects of statins have likely not been used to their fullest extent, particularly in reducing venous thromboembolic events. Current therapy for thrombotic events hinges on anticoagulation via heparin, warfarin or new oral anticoagulants. Interventional procedures with thrombectomy may also play a critical role. Unfortunately, thrombotic events can occur and recur despite meticulous anticoagulation therapy. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes both deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), two complicated and prevalent diseases that can cause chronic disease states such as post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS)...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Christopher Czaplicki, Hassan Albadawi, Sasan Partovi, Ripal T Gandhi, Keith Quencer, Amy R Deipolyi, Rahmi Oklu
Venous thrombosis (VT) is a common yet complex clinical condition that has shown minimal alteration in clinical management for decades. It is well known that thrombus evolves structurally over time, with complex changes resulting from the interplay between coagulation factors, cytokines, leukocytes and a myriad of other factors. Our current treatment options are most effective in the acute thrombus, which is composed predominantly of a loose mesh of fibrin and red blood cells (RBCs), making current anticoagulation therapies and thrombolytics quite effective in treatment...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
M-Grace Knuttinen, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu, Scott Kriegshauser, William Eversman, Lisa Rotellini, Patricia E Thorpe
Common left iliac vein compression, otherwise known as May-Thurner (MT), is an anatomical risk factor for lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). MT refers to chronic compression of the left iliac vein against the lumbar spine by the overlying right common iliac artery. The compression may be asymptomatic. The syndrome is a clinical spectrum of physical findings and history plus the lesion. It is characterized by the varying degrees of venous hypertension. This can be non-thrombotic, combined with acute DVT or post-thrombotic...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Timme M A J van Vuuren, Suat Doganci, Cees H A Wittens
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive interventions by recanalization, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, and stenting in post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) obstructions and iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) have shown good results. Until recently, no dedicated venous stents were available, and stent-related issues accounted for a decrease in patency scores. The introduction of dedicated stents with more flexibility and higher radial forces could result in higher patency scores. This study focused on the outcomes of patients treated by a dedicated sinus-Venous stent (OptiMed GmbH, Ettlingen, Germany)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Luca Spiezia, Elena Campello, Fabio Dalla Valle, Chiara Simion, Anna Colpo, Paolo Simioni
Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) has been associated to DVT recurrence, increased FVIII, inflammatory biomarker plasma levels, and persistence of vein obstruction. These same features have also been widely reported in non-O blood type subjects. Our aim was to investigate the correlation between the incidence of PTS and ABO blood types. Consecutive patients referred to the Department of Medicine of University of Padua between January 2004 and January 2012 following the diagnosis of a first episode of proximal DVT were enrolled...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Hematology
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