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Early gastric cancer surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877009/characteristics-of-gastric-cancer-recurrence-five-or-more-years-after-curative-gastrectomy
#1
Chang-Hyun Shin, Woo-Yong Lee, Seung-Woo Hong, Yeo-Goo Chang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of recurrences that occurred 5 or more years after curative resection for gastric cancer. METHODS: We analyzed recurrences among 1,299 patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative operations at the Department of Surgery, Inje University Seoul Paik Hospital between September 1998 and December 2002. Recurrences were classified as within 2 years (early), 2-5 years (intermediate), and more than 5 years (late) after gastrectomy...
October 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875094/laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy-for-resectable-advanced-gastric-cancer-within-enhanced-recovery-programs-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Xia Mingjie, Zhang Luyao, Tang Ze, Zhao YinQuan, Wang Quan
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programs have become an important focus of perioperative management. A few studies have demonstrated the efficacy of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS, which includes optimized pain control, restricted I.V. fluids, early initiation of postoperative oral feeding, and enforced mobilization) protocol in patients undergoing radical gastrectomy. We investigated the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic radical gastrectomy within ERAS programs. METHODS: In this single-center prospective randomized controlled trial conducted between September 2013 and August 2014, 149 consecutive locally advanced gastric cancer patients (T2-4, any N, M0) diagnosed by the CT scanning were allocated to either ERAS group (N = 73) or conventional pathway group (N = 76)...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837291/the-psychosocial-impact-of-undergoing-prophylactic-total-gastrectomy-ptg-to-manage-the-risk-of-hereditary-diffuse-gastric-cancer-hdgc
#3
Nina Hallowell, Julia Lawton, Shirlene Badger, Sue Richardson, Richard H Hardwick, Carlos Caldas, Rebecca C Fitzgerald
Individuals identified as at high risk of developing Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer (HDGC) are advised to undergo prophylactic surgery - have their stomach removed - in their early twenties. Research with (older) cancer patients who undergo gastrectomy for curative reasons suggests that gastric resection has a number of physical and psychosocial sequelae. Because it is difficult to extrapolate the findings of studies of older cancer patients to younger healthy patients who are considering prophylactic total gastrectomy (PTG), the aim of this qualitative interview study was to determine the psychosocial implications of undergoing prophylactic surgery to manage genetic risk...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814271/the-role-of-red-cell-distribution-width-in-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#4
Pinar Yazici, Uygar Demir, Emre Bozkurt, Gurhan R Isil, Mehmet Mihmanli
BACKGROUND: Although the red cell distribution width (RDW) has been reported as a reliable predictor of prognosis in several types of cancer, to our knowledge the prognostic value of RDW in gastric carcinoma has not been studied, so far. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the role of red cell distribution width (RDW) in predicting prognosis in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: All gastric cancer patients who underwent curative surgery (n= 172, 110M/62F) over a five-year study period were evaluated...
October 28, 2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778124/early-detection-of-nonperitoneal-recurrence-may-contribute-to-survival-benefit-after-curative-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#5
Keiichi Fujiya, Masanori Tokunaga, Rie Makuuchi, Noriyuki Nishiwaki, Hayato Omori, Wataru Takagi, Fumiko Hirata, Makoto Hikage, Yutaka Tanizawa, Etsuro Bando, Taiichi Kawamura, Masanori Terashima
BACKGROUND: There is no evidence that strict follow-up using cross-sectional imaging after curative gastrectomy benefits survival; however, nonperitoneal recurrence detected early might be treated with additional surgery. The present study examined whether early detection of recurrence by imaging modalities could increase survival, particularly in patients with nonperitoneal recurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 218 patients with recurrent gastric cancer after curative gastrectomy performed from 2002 to 2014...
October 24, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760960/-analysis-of-short-term-outcomes-after-laparoscopy-assisted-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy
#6
Junji Kawada, Masaya Nishino, Yohei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Hoshino, Miho Okano, Kenichi Nagai, Masaki Okuyama, Yongkook Kim, Toshimasa Tsujinaka
BACKGROUND: Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy(PPG)has long been used for the treatment of early gastric cancer, and its survival benefits, postoperative symptoms, and functional outcomes have already been reported in several studies. This study aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes after LAPPG in our hospital. METHODS: Ten patients with early gastric cancer underwent LAPPG from 2013 to 2015 in our hospital. Their short-term outcomes after LAPPG were retrospectively analyzed...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756322/effectiveness-of-postoperative-elemental-diet-elental%C3%A2-in-elderly-patients-after-gastrectomy
#7
Yu Ohkura, Shusuke Haruta, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Masaki Ueno, Harushi Udagawa
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of postoperative early intervention with an elemental diet to reduce weight loss and enhance recovery after gastrectomy. Nutritional status and gastrointestinal immune function tend to worsen, and postoperative weight loss is inevitable in these patients; therefore, improvement in their postoperative condition is important, especially in gastric cancer patients aged ≥80 years. METHODS: Clinical outcomes and postoperative nutritional status were compared between 21 and 22 consecutive elderly patients aged ≥80 years who underwent distal gastrectomy before and after the introduction of postoperative oral elemental diet (Elental®, 300 kcal/day), respectively, between October 2011 and June 2016...
October 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756027/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-combined-with-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-with-early-gastric-cancer-report-of-a-case
#8
Hiroki Sugita, Hideyuki Kuroki, Takahiko Akiyama, Nobuya Daitoku, Rumi Tashima, Hiroshi Tanaka, Shinobu Honda, Masahiko Hirota
INTRODUCTION: In a distal pancreatectomy combined with a distal gastrectomy, the splenic artery and vein must be conserved. However, it is not easy in pure laparoscopic surgery. We performed a hand-assisted laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (HALS-SPDP) combined with a laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) for the treatment of a pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (NET) with early gastric cancer. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67-year-old male was hospitalized with no complaint...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752399/single-port-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-double-tract-reconstruction-for-early-gastric-cancer-report-of-a-case
#9
Chang Min Lee, Da Won Park, Do Hyun Jung, You Jin Jang, Jong-Han Kim, Sungsoo Park, Seong-Heum Park
In Korea, proximal gastrectomy has recently attracted attention as a better choice of function-preserving surgery for proximal early gastric cancer than total gastrectomy. Of the various strategies to overcome reflux symptoms from remnant stomach, double tract reconstruction not only reduces the incidence of anastomosis-related complications, but is also sufficiently reproducible as a laparoscopic procedure. Catching up with the recent rise of single-port laparoscopic surgeries, we performed a pure single-port laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy with DTR...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752390/korean-gastric-cancer-association-nationwide-survey-on-gastric-cancer-in-2014
#10
(no author information available yet)
PURPOSE: The Korean Gastric Cancer Association (KGCA) has conducted nationwide surveys every 5 years, targeting patients who received surgical treatment for gastric cancer. We report the results of the 2014 nationwide survey and compare them to those of the 1995, 1999, 2004, and 2009 surveys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2015 to January 2016, a standardized case report form was sent to every member of the KGCA via e-mail. The survey consisted of 29 questions, regarding patient demographics as well as tumor-, and surgery-related factors...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747472/advances-in-laparoscopic-and-robotic-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#11
Sheng-Han Tsai, Chien-An Liu, Kuo-Hung Huang, Yuan-Tzu Lan, Ming-Huang Chen, Yee Chao, Su-Shun Lo, Anna Fen-Yau Li, Chew-Wun Wu, Shih-Hwa Chiou, Muh-Hwa Yang, Yi-Ming Shyr, Wen-Liang Fang
Robot-assisted gastrectomy has been reported to be a safe alternative to both conventional laparoscopy and the open approach for treating early gastric carcinoma. Currently, there are a limited number of published reports on this technique in the literature. We assessed the current status of robotic and laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of gastric cancer and compared the operative outcomes, learning curves, and oncological outcome of the two approaches. Robotic gastrectomy offers benefits that include increased ease of performing D2 lymph node dissection and reduced blood loss compared with laparoscopic gastrectomy...
October 17, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741275/the-implications-of-endoscopic-ulcer-in-early-gastric-cancer-can-we-predict-clinical-behaviors-from-endoscopy
#12
Yoo Jin Lee, Jie-Hyun Kim, Jae Jun Park, Young Hoon Youn, Hyojin Park, Jong Won Kim, Seung Ho Choi, Sung Hoon Noh
BACKGROUND: The presence of ulcer in early gastric cancer (EGC) is important for the feasibility of endoscopic resection, only a few studies have examined the clinicopathological implications of endoscopic ulcer in EGC. OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of endoscopic ulcer as a predictor of clinical behaviors in EGC. METHODS: Data of 3,270 patients with EGC who underwent surgery between January 2005 and December 2012 were reviewed. Clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed in relation to the presence and stage of ulcer in EGC...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721560/report-on-the-national-survey-of-photodynamic-therapy-pdt-for-gastric-cancer-in-japan-a-secondary-publication
#13
Takeshi Oinuma, Tetsuya Nakamura, Yoshiro Nishiwaki
Background and Aims: A national survey of photodynamic therapy (PDT) was carried out in order to understand the present situation in Japan and the efficacy of PDT for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire concerning with PDT was sent to all hospitals performing or previously performed PDT. The answers were collected and analyzed. An additional investigation about efficacy of PDT for gastric cancer was conducted for the main 3 hospitals. Results: In 18 of 19 responded hospitals, PDT was performed for 386 cases of superficial early gastric cancer and for 27 cases of advanced gastric cancer...
June 29, 2016: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718753/proteomics-approach-to-identify-biomarkers-for-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer
#14
Kazuto Harada, Dilsa Mizrak Kaya, Yusuke Shimodaira, Shumei Song, Hideo Baba, Jaffer A Ajani
The prognosis for patients with upper gastrointestinal cancers remains dismal despite the development of multimodality therapies that incorporate surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. Early diagnosis and personalized treatment should lead to better prognosis. Given the advances in proteomic technologies over the past decades, proteomics promises to be the most effective technique to identify novel diagnostics and therapeutic targets. Areas covered: For this review, keywords were searched in combination with "proteomics" and "gastric cancer" or "esophageal cancer" in PubMed...
October 10, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714472/function-preserving-gastrectomy-based-on-the-sentinel-node-concept-in-early-gastric-cancer
#15
Hiroya Takeuchi, Osamu Goto, Naohisa Yahagi, Yuko Kitagawa
Recent meta-analyses and a prospective multicenter trial of sentinel node (SN) mapping in early gastric cancer have demonstrated acceptable SN detection rates and accuracy of determination of lymph node status. SN mapping may play a key role in obtaining individual metastatic information. It also allows modification of surgical procedures, including function-preserving gastrectomy in patients with early gastric cancer. A dual-tracer method that uses radioactive colloids and blue dye is currently considered the most reliable method for the stable detection of SNs in patients with early gastric cancer...
October 6, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710159/a-population-based-study-on-incidence-rates-lauren-distribution-stage-distribution-treatment-and-long-term-outcomes-for-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-central-norway-2001-2011
#16
Erling A Bringeland, Hans H Wasmuth, Patricia Mjønes, Tor Å Myklebust, Jon E Grønbech
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies for gastric adenocarcinoma are scarce, particularly studies conducted within a defined geographical area with publicly available censuses that allow incidence rates to be calculated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population-based study in Central Norway from 2001 to 2011, covering a population of 636 000-680 000, respectively. Patients were identified through the Cancer Registry of Norway and the Norwegian Patient Register, and were characterized by data from individual electronic patient records...
October 6, 2016: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704530/early-outcomes-from-the-dutch-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-audit
#17
L A D Busweiler, B P L Wijnhoven, M I van Berge Henegouwen, D Henneman, N C T van Grieken, M W J M Wouters, R van Hillegersberg, J W van Sandick
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the Dutch Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer Audit (DUCA) group began nationwide registration of all patients undergoing surgery with the intention of resection for oesophageal or gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to describe the initiation and implementation of this process along with an overview of the results. METHODS: The DUCA is part of the Dutch Institute for Clinical Auditing. The audit provides (surgical) teams with reliable, weekly updated, benchmarked information on process and (case mix-adjusted) outcome measures...
December 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703523/mean-platelet-volume-provides-beneficial-diagnostic-and-prognostic-information-for-patients-with-resectable-gastric-cancer
#18
Xiao-Ming Shen, You-You Xia, Lian Lian, Chong Zhou, Xiang-Li Li, Shu-Guang Han, Yan Zheng, Fei-Ran Gong, Min Tao, Zhong-Qi Mao, Wei Li
Gastric cancer is the fourth most frequent cancer and the second cause of cancer-related mortalities worldwide. Platelets play an important and multifaceted role in cancer progression. Elevated mean platelet volume (MPV) detected in peripheral blood has been identified in various types of cancer. In the present study, we investigated the application value of MPV in early diagnostic and prognostic prediction in patients with resectable gastric cancer. In total, 168 patients with resectable gastric cancer were included and separated into the gastric cancer and healthy control groups according to median pre-operatic MPV value (MPV low, <10...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680060/-strategy-and-prospective-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-esophageal-cancer
#19
Yin Li
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition and psychology. It aims to minimize surgical stress and maintain physiological function in perioperative care, thereby expediting recovery. ERAS theory has been clinically applied for nearly 20 years and it is firstly used in colorectal surgery, then widely used in other surgical fields. However, ERAS is not used commonly in esophagectomy because of its surgical complexity and high morbidity of postoperative complications, which limits the application of ERAS in the field of esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672266/prediction-of-lymph-node-metastasis-and-sentinel-node-navigation-surgery-for-patients-with-early-stage-gastric-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Atsuo Shida, Norio Mitsumori, Hiroshi Nimura, Yuta Takano, Taizou Iwasaki, Muneharu Fujisaki, Naoto Takahashi, Katsuhiko Yanaga
Accurate prediction of lymph node (LN) status is crucially important for appropriate treatment planning in patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). However, consensus on patient and tumor characteristics associated with LN metastasis are yet to be reached. Through systematic search, we identified several independent variables associated with LN metastasis in EGC, which should be included in future research to assess which of these variables remain as significant predictors of LN metastasis. On the other hand, even if we use these promising parameters, we should realize the limitation and the difficulty of predicting LN metastasis accurately...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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