Read by QxMD icon Read

Heller myotomy

W Schröder, C J Bruns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Mukesh Nasa, Shashank Bhansali, Narendra Singh Choudhary, Randhir Sud
Achalasia secondary to underlying neoplasm is a rare entity. Early recognition of secondary achalasia is important as its treatment involves management of underlying malignancy, while treatment of primary achalasia mainly involves lowering the lower oesophageal sphincter pressure with pneumatic dilatation or Heller's myotomy. We discuss an interesting case of achalasia secondary to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
March 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Anca Dimitriu, Cristian Gheorghe
High resolution manometry (HRM) is currently the gold standard for the diagnosis of achalasia and other functional esophageal disorders. All patients accusing dysphagia should be endoscopically evaluated prior to manometric investigations in order to rule out pseudoachalasia. The Chicago HRM classification has led to a subclassification of three manometric types of achalasia that seem to have different results to treatment. None of the actual achalasia treatment options are curative. Type II achalasia patients respond best to all treatment options compared to those with types I and III...
January 2018: Chirurgia
A Valverde, J Cahais, R Lupinacci, N Goasguen, O Oberlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Mouen A Khashab, Petros C Benias, Lee L Swanstrom
Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an advanced endoscopic procedure classically performed for the treatment of achalasia. The procedure is based on principles of submucosal endoscopy and is comprised of a mucosal incision, submucosal tunneling, myotomy and mucosal closure. Multiple published studies that collectively include more than 6000 patients reported clinical success in more than 80-90% of patients. Recent literature also suggested durability of response over a medium-term follow-up. POEM is associated with a low rate of adverse events when performed by experienced operators...
February 15, 2018: Gastroenterology
Marinde van Lennep, Michiel P van Wijk, Taher I M Omari, Marc A Benninga, Maartje M J Singendonk
Achalasia is a rare esophageal motility disorder. Much of the literature is based on the adult population. In adults, guidance of therapeutic approach by manometric findings has led to improvement in patient outcome. Promising results have been achieved with novel therapies such as PerOral Endoscopic Myotomy (POEM). Areas covered: In this review, we provide an overview of the novel diagnostic and therapeutic tools for achalasia management and in what way they will relate to the future management of pediatric achalasia...
April 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Andrew N Hanna, Jashodeep Datta, Sara Ginzberg, Kevin Dasher, Gregory G Ginsberg, Daniel T Dempsey
INTRODUCTION: While laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) has been tstandard of care for achalasia, per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has gained popularity as a viable alternative. This retrospective study aims to compare patient reported outcomes between LHM and POEM in a consecutive series of achalasia patients with more than 1 year follow-up. METHODS: Demographic and procedure-related data for patients who underwent either LHM or POEM for achalasia between January 2011 and May 2016 were reviewed...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Young Kwan Cho, Seong Hwan Kim
Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been established as an optional treatment for achalasia. POEM is an endoluminal procedure that involves dissection of esophageal muscle fibers followed by submucosal tunneling. Inoue first attempted to use POEM for the treatment of achalasia in humans. Expanded indications of POEM include classic indications such as type I, type II, type III achalasia, failed prior treatments, including Botulinum toxin injection, endoscopic balloon dilation, laparoscopic Heller myotomy, and hypertensive motor disorders such as diffuse esophageal spasm, jackhammer esophagus...
January 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
Mohan Ramchandani, D Nageshwar Reddy, Zaheer Nabi, Radhika Chouhan, Amol Bapaye, Shobhna Bhatia, Nilay Mehta, Pankaj Dhawan, Adarsh Chaudhary, Uday Ghoshal, Mathew Philip, Horst Neuhaus, Jacques Deviere, Haruhiro Inoue
Achalasia cardia (AC) is a frequently encountered motility disorder of the esophagus resulting from an irreversible degeneration of neurons. Treatment modalities are palliative in nature and there is no curative treatment available for AC as of now. Significant advancements have been made in the management of AC over last decade. The introduction of high resolution manometry (HRM) and per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) have strengthened the diagnostic and therapeutic armamentarium of AC. HRM allows for the characterization of the type of achalasia which in turn has important therapeutic implications...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Nasim Parsa, Mouen A Khashab
OPINION STATEMENT: PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel minimally invasive technique that has emerged as the preferred option for the treatment of achalasia and spastic esophageal disorders (SED) at many centers around the world. In this article, we review and summarize the recent literature on POEM in patients with achalasia and SED. The current article is largely focused on the new developments and findings, extended applications, and long-term outcomes of POEM in patients with achalasia and SED...
January 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
Evgeny V Arshava, Raffaele J Marchigiani, Henning Gerke, Rami El Abiad, Ronald J Weigel, Kalpaj R Parekh, John Keech
BACKGROUND: Per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has gained increasing popularity for treating achalasia. A multidisciplinary approach may allow safe and early adoption of POEM into clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of our initial POEM cases. All procedures were performed by a team of interventional gastroenterologist and thoracic surgeon. We analyzed demographics, comorbidities, achalasia subtypes, length of hospital stay, duration of surgery, morbidity, mortality, length of myotomy, preoperative and postoperative Eckardt scores...
January 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Roberto Gugig, Guillermo Muñoz Jurado, Clifton Huang, Roberto Oleas, Carlos Robles-Medranda
Background and study aims  Childhood achalasia treatment remains inconclusive. What is next after myotomy failure? Repeated pneumatic-dilation put patients at greater risk of perforation with possible symptom recurrence. We report on a 12-year-old patient with a 1-year history of achalasia whom underwent Heller myotomy with fundoplication and recurred with symptoms 1 week after surgery. Pneumatic dilatation was considered but not done because of the risk of esophageal perforation. The decision was made to place a fully covered self-expanding metallic stent (FC-SEMS) for 3 months, which resolved the stenosis as confirmed by esophagram...
January 2018: Endoscopy International Open
V Poornachand, K Kumarasamy, S P Karamath, V Seenivasan, Sumathi Bavanandam, Nirmala Dheivamani
Achalasia cardia is an esophageal motility disorder rarely reported in children and more so in young infants. Common clinical presentations include vomiting, dysphagia, regurgitation, recurrent pulmonary aspiration and failure to thrive. Diagnosis is made by barium swallow study and esophageal manometry, which is the gold standard test. Pharmocological management and endotherapy often fails and results in recurrence of symptoms. Laparoscopic Hellers myotomy, with or without anti-reflux procedure is the standard treatment of choice for children...
January 17, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Ana Gomez-Larrauri, Simon Galloway, Rob Niven
Achalasia is an uncommon oesophageal motor disorder characterized by failure of relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter and muscle hypertrophy, resulting in a loss of peristalsis and a dilated oesophagus. Gastrointestinal symptoms are invariably present in all cases of achalasia observed in adults. We report a case of a 34 year-old female patient with long standing history of asthma-like symptoms, labelled as uncontrolled and steroid resistant asthma with no gastrointestinal manifestations. Thoracic CT scan revealed a massive oesophagus due to achalasia, which caused severe tracheomalacia as a result of tracheal compression...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Sonia Fernández-Ananín, Arnulfo F Fernández, Carmen Balagué, David Sacoto, Eduardo Maria Targarona
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of achalasia fails in 10%-20% of patients. The most frequent responsible cause is the performance of an incomplete myotomy at primary surgery. The treatment when the failure happens is not well defined. In this study, we review and evaluate the possible treatments to be carried out when surgical myotomy fails. We define its benefits and results, with the purpose of defining a therapeutic algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The systematic review was performed following the guidelines established by the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology statement...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Vaibhav Kumar Varshney, Subhash Chandra Soni, Manju Kumari, Pawan Kumar Garg, Ashok Puranik
Achalasia cardia is an oesophageal motility disorder characterised by aperistalsis and failure of relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter. The management is predominantly palliative with focus on addressing the sphincter that involves either pneumatic dilatation or Heller myotomy which relieves dysphagia in the majority of the cases. End-stage achalasia (ESA) is characterised by failed myotomy, massively dilated and tortuous oesophagus with nutritional deterioration due to progressive dysphagia and vomiting...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
Lavinia Alessandra Barbieri, Davide Bona, Alberto Aiolfi, Giancarlo Micheletto, Marta Cavalli, Francesca Lombardo, Piero Giovanni Bruni, Giampiero Campanelli
The laparoscopic approach of the upper gastrointestinal tract is considered the gold standard for the treatment of functional benign esophageal disorders since 1990. In recent years, many efforts have been made to minimize the abdominal wall's trauma to reduce postoperative pain and to obtain a prompt return to daily activities, as well as improve cosmetic results of surgery. The progressive development of novel surgical devices has allowed for the introduction of new minimally-invasive surgical techniques...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
Wei Liu, Chun-Cheng Wu, Bing Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Erin K Greenleaf, Joshua S Winder, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Randy S Haluck, Abraham Mathew, Eric M Pauli
BACKGROUND: Per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has recently emerged as a viable option relative to the classic approach of laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) for the treatment of esophageal achalasia. In this cost-utility analysis of POEM and LHM, we hypothesized that POEM would be cost-effective relative to LHM. METHODS: A stochastic cost-utility analysis of treatment for achalasia was performed to determine the cost-effectiveness of POEM relative to LHM. Costs were estimated from the provider perspective and obtained from our institution's cost-accounting database...
January 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
P I Wu, M M Szczesniak, P I Craig, L Choo, J Engelman, B Terkasher, J Hui, I J Cook
OBJECTIVES: Often 2-3 graduated pneumatic dilatations (PD) are required to treat achalasia as there is no current intra-procedural predictor of clinical response. Distensibility measurements using functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP) may provide an intra-procedural predictor of outcome. Our aim was to determine the optimal criterion for esophagogastric junction (EGJ) distensibility measurements during PD that predicts immediate clinical response. METHODS: EGJ distensibility was prospectively measured using FLIP immediately pre- and post-PD...
February 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"