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Esophagogastric reflux

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790358/-esophagogastric-junction-and-its-tumours-comments-to-definition-and-classification
#1
Petr Lochman, Tomáš Dušek, Jiří Páral
In spite of the worldwide decreasing incidence of gastric cancer the number of esophagogastric junction and proximal third of stomach carcinomas has been gradually growing up. The reason of that is an increasing incidence of reflux esophagitis with Barrett´s metaplasia and a successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. The aim of this work is to provide various views on definition of the esophagogastric junction and to give an overview of tumours classification schemes being used.
2018: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786579/operative-treatment-of-corrosive-esophageal-strictures
#2
Volodymyr O Shaprynskyi, Yevhen V Shaprynskyi, Yaroslav V Karyi, Serhii A Lysenko, Oleg O Vorovskyi, Andrii I Semenenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays operative treatment of corrosive esophageal strictures remains one of the difficult and unsolved problems in surgery. The level of postoperative complications such as anastomotic leak (develops in 7-30% of cases), infections, pneumonia, pleural empyema, mediastinitis, peritonitis, postoperative corrosive strictures is still rather high. The aim of our work was to improve the results of surgical treatment of patients with corrosive esophageal strictures by analyzing and refining on conservative therapy options as well as differentiated approach to each operative treatment method...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774149/the-rome-iv-versus-rome-iii-criteria-for-heartburn-diagnosis-a-comparative-study
#3
Mengyu Zhang, Minhu Chen, Sui Peng, Yinglian Xiao
Background: The phenotypes of heartburn patients are heterogeneous. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the proportion of heartburn phenotypes in a Chinese population and to compare the Rome IV and III criteria for heartburn diagnosis. Methods: A retrospective study was performed among heartburn patients referred for upper endoscopy and esophageal function tests in a tertiary hospital. Their symptoms fulfilled Rome IV and III criteria...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761528/nonerosive-reflux-disease-clinical-concepts
#4
REVIEW
C Prakash Gyawali, Dan E Azagury, Walter W Chan, Servarayan M Chandramohan, John O Clarke, Nicola de Bortoli, Edgar Figueredo, Mark Fox, Daniela Jodorkovsky, Adriana Lazarescu, Peter Malfertheiner, Jan Martinek, Kenric M Murayama, Roberto Penagini, Edoardo Savarino, Katerina P Shetler, Ellen Stein, Roger P Tatum, Justin Wu
Esophageal symptoms can arise from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as well as other mucosal and motor processes, structural disease, and functional esophageal syndromes. GERD is the most common esophageal disorder, but diagnosis may not be straightforward when symptoms persist despite empiric acid suppressive therapy and when mucosal erosions are not seen on endoscopy (as for nonerosive reflux disease, NERD). Esophageal physiological tests (ambulatory pH or pH-impedance monitoring and manometry) can be of value in defining abnormal reflux burden and reflux-symptom association...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713739/barium-upper-gi-series-in-adults-a-surgeon-s-perspective
#5
Daniel T Dempsey
Barium upper GI series performed by an interested and competent radiologist is still a very useful study to evaluate a variety of esophagogastric disorders. It usually provides information complementary to upper endoscopy and other foregut studies. Barium upper GI series is an important part of the diagnostic workup for gastroesophageal reflux disease, hiatal hernia, and esophageal motility disorders including achalasia. It is also an important part of the follow-up after operation for these common problems and after other operations such as resection or bariatric surgery...
April 30, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644765/correlation-between-novel-3d-high-resolution-manometry-esophagogastric-junction-metrics-and-ph-metry-in-reflux-disease-patients
#6
Y Xiao, Z Lin, Y Li, J E Pandolfino, M Chen, P J Kahrilas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We recently developed 2 novel 3D high-resolution manometry (HRM) metrics of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) contractility to differentiate the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and crural diaphragm (CD) elements of EGJ pressure. This study aimed to compare these metrics to the EGJ-contractile integral (EGJ-CI) and to analyze their correlation with esophageal acid exposure time (AET) on pH-metry. METHODS: Thirty-one gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients and 20 control subjects underwent 24-hour pH-metry and HRM using a 3D-HRM catheter...
April 11, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644483/studies-of-abnormalities-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-during-esophageal-emptying-based-on-a-fully-coupled-bolus-esophageal-gastric-model
#7
Wenjun Kou, John E Pandolfino, Peter J Kahrilas, Neelesh A Patankar
The aim of this work was to develop a fully coupled bolus-esophageal-gastric model based on the immersed boundary-finite element method to study the process of esophageal emptying across the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). The model included an esophageal segment, an ellipsoid-shaped stomach, a bolus, and a simple model of the passive and active sphincteric functions of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). We conducted three sets of case studies: (1) the effect of a non-relaxing LES; (2) the influence of the tissue anisotropy in the form of asymmetrical right- and left-sided compliance of the LES segment; and (3) the influence of LES and gastric wall stiffness on bulge formation of the distal esophageal wall...
April 11, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605979/acotiamide-has-no-effects-on-esophageal-motor-activity-or-esophagogastric-junction-compliance
#8
Hironobu Mikami, Norihisa Ishimura, Mayumi Okada, Daisuke Izumi, Eiko Okimoto, Shunji Ishihara, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
Background/Aims: The novel prokinetic drug acotiamide is used for treatment of functional dyspepsia. It is still unclear how acotiamide has effects on esophageal motor function. Esophageal peristalsis and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) compliance has an important role for prevention of esophageal mucosal damage caused by gastroesophageal reflux, however, few studies have analyzed the effects of acotiamide on those former activities and none have investigated its effects on EGJ compliance...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600355/introduction-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-updates-of-current-status
#9
Alfred K Lam
Esophageal and esophagogastric adenocarcinoma is highly prevalent in the Western populations and is a major cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma is rapidly rising in the Western populations. The major predisposing diseases and pathogenesis (gastro-esophageal reflux disease, Barrett esophagus, and dysplasia) of the cancer are well known. There is an urgent need for works of the multidisciplinary teams (clinical, pathological, the molecular biology and translational research) for improved outcomes of patients with this cancer...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549453/a-modified-nissen-fundoplication-subjective-and-objective-midterm-results
#10
Sabrina Rampado, Edoardo Savarino, Angelica Ganss, Giulia Pozza, Romeo Bardini
PURPOSE: The failure rate of laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery is approximately 10-20%. The aim of our prospective study was to investigate whether a modified Nissen fundoplication (MNF) can improve reflux symptoms and prevent surgical treatment failure in the midterm. METHODS: The MNF consisted of (1) suturing the esophagus to the diaphragmatic crura on each side using four non-absorbable stitches, (2) reinforcing clearly weak crura with a tailored Ultrapro mesh, and (3) fixing the upper stitch of the valve to the diaphragm...
March 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505550/unilateral-versus-bilateral-lung-transplantation-do-different-esophageal-risk-factors-predict-chronic-allograft-failure
#11
Anupong Tangaroonsanti, Augustine S Lee, Marcelo F Vela, Michael D Crowell, David Erasmus, Cesar Keller, Jorge Mallea, Francisco Alvarez, Cristina Almansa, Kenneth R DeVault, Lesley A Houghton
GOALS: To assess the effect of unilateral versus bilateral lung transplantation (LTx) on esophageal motility and gastroesophageal reflux, and the association with the development of obstructive chronic lung allograft dysfunction (o-CLAD). BACKGROUND: We have shown that esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction, incomplete bolus transit, and proximal reflux are all independent risk factors for the development of chronic allograft failure. However, it remains unclear whether these factors are influenced by the type of surgery and how this relates to allograft failure...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435660/indications-for-total-esophagogastric-dissociation-in-children-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#12
REVIEW
Yujiro Tanaka, Takahisa Tainaka, Hiroo Uchida
Total esophagogastric dissociation (TED) is used to treat gastroesophageal reflux (GER) after failed fundoplication in neurologically impaired patients. It is now performed for some otherwise healthy patients with severe GER. In this procedure, the gastrointestinal tract is reconstructed in a non-physiological way with a Roux-en-Y esophagojejunal anastomosis and jejuno-jejunostomy. Although TED eliminates almost all GER, some patients experience late complications. In this review, we investigated the long-term outcomes after TED to determine the best indications...
February 12, 2018: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411918/esophageal-dysmotility-according-to-chicago-classification-v3-0-vs-v2-0-implications-for-association-with-reflux-bolus-clearance-and-allograft-failure-post-lung-transplantation
#13
A Tangaroonsanti, M F Vela, M D Crowell, K R DeVault, L A Houghton
BACKGROUND: Proximal reflux and incomplete transit of boluses swallowed are risk factors for obstructive chronic lung allograft dysfunction (o-CLAD) post-lung transplantation (LTx). Likewise, so is esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO), but not hypo-contractility, when diagnosed using Chicago Classification (CC) v3.0. Given, peristaltic breaks as defined using CCv2.0 can prolong esophageal clearance, both swallowed and refluxed, but which are deemed within normality using CCv3...
February 7, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199166/which-drugs-are-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#14
Zeynel Mungan, Binnur Pınarbaşı Şimşek
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which is common in many communities, is associated with structural factors, eating habits, and the use of certain drugs. The use of such drugs can lead to the emergence of GERD and can also exacerbate existing reflux symptoms. These drugs can contribute to GERD by directly causing mucosal damage, by reducing lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP), or by affecting esophagogastric motility. In this article, we report our investigation of the relationships between GERD and medications within the scope of the "Turkish GERD Consensus Group...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166876/gastroesophageal-flap-valve-reflected-egj-morphology-and-correlated-to-acid-reflux
#15
Chenxi Xie, Yuwen Li, Ning Zhang, Lishou Xiong, Minhu Chen, Yinglian Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) serves as the anti-reflux barrier. The gastroesophageal flap valve (GEFV) is a component of EGJ. The aim of the current study was to assess its correlation with the esophageal acid exposure and the impact on anti-reflux barrier function by using the metrics of EGJ contraction. METHODS: Eighty three patients with typical GERD symptoms were included in the study. Upper endoscopy, high-resolution manometry (HRM) and 24 h multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring were performed in all patients...
November 22, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098750/the-relationship-between-esophageal-acid-exposure-and-the-esophageal-response-to-volumetric-distention
#16
D A Carlson, P Kathpalia, J Craft, M Tye, Z Lin, P J Kahrilas, J E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: Increased esophagogastric junction (EGJ) distensibility is thought to contribute to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Using the functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP), we aimed to assess the esophageal response to distension among patients undergoing esophageal pH monitoring. METHODS: 25 patients (ages 22-73; 13 females) who underwent ambulatory wireless esophageal pH testing while off proton-pump inhibitors were evaluated with FLIP during sedated upper endoscopy...
March 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040484/esophagocardioplasty-vagotomy-antrectomy-and-roux-en-y-gastrojejunostomy-indication-in-cases-with-severe-esophageal-motor-disfunction
#17
I Braghetto, O Korn, A Csendes, J C Frias
Almost 10% of patients with Crest syndrome associated with severe gastroesophageal reflux and 5-10% of patients with failed cardiomyotomy for achalasia present with cardial or distal esophageal organic stricture. Some of these cases are poor risk patients for surgery and therefore the surgeon must offer a safe procedure with low morbimortality, keeping in mind the pathophysiological motor pattern of these patients.In order to treat the stricture to improve the esophageal transit we treated patients with esophagocardioplasty associated with vagotomy-antrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy, thereby avoiding the potential acid or biliary reflux in poor risk patients in whom esophagectomy would be a very deleterious procedure...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932725/ileocolonic-transposition-esophagogastric-bypass-as-an-antireflux-treatment-for-corrosive-esophageal-injury
#18
Yuda Handaya, Mukhamad Sunardi
Because most surgeons perform an esophagectomy and colonic transposition as the main reconstruction method for patients with esophageal stenosis caused by swallowing corrosive materials, we report 2 cases in which ileocolonic transposition was used to treat such patients. Both patients displayed stenosis in the middle third of the esophagus. Their chief complaint was dysphagia. Ileocolonic transposition using vascularization of the Drummond and ileal arteries was followed by a prepared ileocolic graft by ligating ileocolic vessels...
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911949/postprandial-high-resolution-impedance-manometry-identifies-mechanisms-of-nonresponse-to-proton-pump-inhibitors
#19
Rena Yadlapati, Michael Tye, Sabine Roman, Peter J Kahrilas, Katherine Ritter, John E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recognition of rumination and supragastric belching is often delayed as symptoms may be mistakenly attributed to gastroesophageal reflux disease. However, distinct from gastroesophageal reflux disease, rumination and supragastric belching are more responsive to behavioral interventions than to acid-suppressive and antireflux therapies. Postprandial high-resolution impedance manometry (PP-HRIM) is an efficient method to identify rumination and belches. We investigated the distribution of postprandial profiles determined by PP-HRIM, and identified patient features associated with postprandial profiles among patients with nonresponse to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)...
February 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881879/spectrum-of-esophageal-dysmotility-in-systemic-sclerosis-on-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry-as-defined-by-chicago-classification
#20
N Aggarwal, R Lopez, S Gabbard, N Wadhwa, P Devaki, P N Thota
The classic manometric findings in systemic sclerosis are aperistalsis of the esophageal body with hypotensive lower esophageal sphincter. These changes contribute to gastroesophageal reflux disease in these patients. With widespread use of high-resolution esophageal manometry, diverse abnormalities are seen. The aim of this study is to characterize esophageal dysmotility in patients with systemic sclerosis undergoing high-resolution esophageal manometry and compare demographic features and diagnostic test results among patients with varying degrees of esophageal dysmotility...
December 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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