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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054971/the-development-of-urease-inhibitors-what-opportunities-exist-for-better-treatment-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-children
#1
Sherif T S Hassan, Miroslava Šudomová
Stomach infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) causes severe gastroduodenal diseases in a large number of patients worldwide. The H. pylori infection breaks up in early childhood, persists lifelong if not treated, and is associated with chronic gastritis and an increased risk of peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. In recent years, the problem of drug-resistant strains has become a global concern that makes the treatment more complicated and the infection persistent at higher levels when the antibiotic treatment is stopped...
January 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053963/expression-of-leucine-rich-repeat-containing-g-protein-coupled-receptor-5-and-cd44-potential-implications-for-gastric-cancer-stem-cell-marker
#2
Yoon Jin Choi, Nayoung Kim, Hye Seung Lee, Seon Mee Park, Ji Hyun Park, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Jin-Wook Kim, Dong Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: The human leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor (LGR) 5 and CD44 are one of the candidates for the marker of gastric cancer stem cells. We compared the expressions of two genes among control, dysplasia and cancer groups. METHODS: We compared the mRNA expression of LGR5, CD44 and CD44v8-10 and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of LGR5 and CD44 in gastric antral mucosa of 45 controls, 36 patients with gastric dysplasia, and 39 patients with early gastric cancer...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042088/three-loci-allele-combinations-based-on-liver-stomach-cancers-hematencephalon-copd-and-normal-population-a-preliminary-study
#3
Gai Li-Ping, Liu Hui, Cui Jing-Hui, Yu Weijian, Ding Xiao-Dong
The purpose of this study was to examine the specific three loci allele combinations connected with the liver cancers, stomach cancers, hematencephalon and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). That is to explore the feasibility of the research methods. We explored different mathematical methods for statistical analyses to assess the association between the genotype and phenotype. At the same time we still analyses the statistical results of three loci allele combinations by difference value method and ratio method...
December 29, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030564/poorly-differentiated-medullary-phenotype-predicts-poor-survival-in-early-lymph-node-negative-gastro-esophageal-adenocarcinomas
#4
Christoph Treese, Pedro Sanchez, Patricia Grabowski, Erika Berg, Hendrik Bläker, Martin Kruschewski, Oliver Haase, Michael Hummel, Severin Daum
BACKGROUND: 5-year survival rate in patients with early adenocarcinoma of the gastro-esophageal junction or stomach (AGE/S) in Caucasian patients is reported to be 60-80%. We aimed to identify prognostic markers for patients with UICC-I without lymph-node involvement (N0). METHODS: Clinical data and tissue specimen from patients with AGE/S stage UICC-I-N0, treated by surgery only, were collected retrospectively. Tumor size, lymphatic vessel or vein invasion, grading, classification systems (WHO, Lauren, Ming), expression of BAX, BCL-2, CDX2, Cyclin E, E-cadherin, Ki-67, TP53, TP21, SHH, Survivin, HIF1A, TROP2 and mismatch repair deficiency were analyzed using tissue microarrays and correlated with overall and tumor related survival...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017447/association-between-cachexia-chemotherapy-and-outcomes-in-older-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Philippe Caillet, Evelyne Liuu, Agathe Raynaud Simon, Marc Bonnefoy, Olivier Guerin, Gilles Berrut, Bruno Lesourd, Claude Jeandel, Monique Ferry, Yves Rolland, Elena Paillaud
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aims of this systematic review were (i) to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and cachexia in older cancer patients in a chemotherapy setting, and (ii) to report the chemotherapy-related causes of malnutrition and (iii) the consequences of malnutrition on the outcomes of these patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE for articles published in English or French between 2005 and 2016 and which reported retrospective or prospective, observational or interventional studies of the prevalence of malnutrition and its consequences in patients 65 years or older with solid tumors and chemotherapy-related causes of malnutrition...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011512/double-endoscopic-intraluminal-operation-deilo-for-early-gastric-cancer-outcome-of-novel-procedure-for-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#6
Kyoichi Ogata, Mitsuhiro Yanai, Kengo Kuriyama, Masaki Suzuki, Toru Yanoma, Akiharu Kimura, Norimichi Kogure, Yoshitaka Toyomasu, Tetsuro Ohno, Erito Mochiki, Hiroyuki Kuwano
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been used to treat patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). Although several endoscopic devices have been developed to ensure easy and safe ESD, this technique still requires an experienced, highly skilled endoscopist, as it is performed through a single gastroscope, thus requiring one-handed surgical techniques. To overcome these limitations, many ESD procedures with counter-traction have been developed, such as the double scope, double channel scope, clip with line, magnetic anchor, percutaneous traction and external grasping forceps methods...
January 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008624/gastric-cancer-in-the-young-an-advanced-disease-with-poor-prognostic-features
#7
Kais A Rona, Katrin Schwameis, Joerg Zehetner, Kamran Samakar, Kyle Green, Jamil Samaan, Kulmeet Sandhu, Nikolai Bildzukewicz, Namir Katkhouda, John C Lipham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastric cancer in young patients is rare. We analyzed the clinicopathological features and prognosis of early-onset gastric carcinoma. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with gastric adenocarcinoma aged ≤45 years and >45 years at our institution over a 17-year period. Clinicopathological features were compared and survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients with gastric carcinoma aged ≤45 years were identified...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995033/extremely-high-expression-of-serum-alpha-fetoprotein-level-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-a-rare-case-with-an-unexpected-well-prognosis
#8
Weihua Gong, Dawei Shou, Ping Gong
INTRODUCTION: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gastric cancer is a relatively rare form of stomach malignancy. Patients with higher serum AFP level (>300 ng/mL) will have a poorer prognosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this study, we present a case of 77-year-old woman with an extremely high expression of serum AFP level (>10,000 ng/mL) of gastric cancer. Histological examination revealed gastric adenocarcinoma (Bormann III gastric tumor) invading into the serosal layer and vessel...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965838/immediate-tumor-resection-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma-with-nonresponse-to-chemotherapy-after-4%C3%A2-weeks-of-treatment-versus-resection-after-completion-of-chemotherapy-optitreat-trial-drks00004668-study-protocol-for-a-randomized
#9
Susanne Blank, Phillip Knebel, Georg-Martin Haag, Thomas Bruckner, Ulla Klaiber, Maria Burian, Anja Schaible, Leila Sisic, Thomas Schmidt, Markus K Diener, Katja Ott
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a standard of care for patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and stomach in Europe, but still only 20-40 % respond to therapy and the critical issue; how to treat nonresponding patients is still unclear. So far, there is no randomized trial evaluating the impact of early termination of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and immediate tumor resection in nonresponding patients with locally advanced gastroesophageal cancer on postoperative outcome. With this exploratory pilot trial, we want to get first estimates about the effect of discontinuation of chemotherapy with the aim to plan and conduct a further definitive trial...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958721/fast-size-selective-clog-free-isolation-of-rare-cancer-cells-from-whole-blood-at-a-liquid-liquid-interface
#10
Tae-Hyeong Kim, Minji Lim, Juhee Park, Jung Min Oh, Hyeongeun Kim, Hyunjin Jeong, Sun Ju Lee, Hee Chul Park, Sungmok Jung, Byung Chul Kim, Kyusang Lee, Mi-Hyun Kim, Do Youn Park, Gwang Ha Kim, Yoon-Kyoung Cho
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have great potential to provide minimally invasive ways for the early detection of cancer metastasis and for the response monitoring of various cancer treatments. Despite the clinical importance and progress of CTC-based cancer diagnostics, most of the current methods of enriching CTCs are difficult to implement in general hospital settings due to complex and time-consuming protocols. Among existing technologies, size-based isolation methods provide antibody-independent, relatively simple, and high throughput protocols...
December 13, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958619/evaluation-of-urgent-multivisceral-resections-due-to-complications-resulting-from-an-advanced-ovarian-cancer
#11
Tomasz Miłek, Witold Woźniak, Piotr Porzycki, Alkalayla Habib, Agnieszka Timorek, Piotr Ciostek, Włodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski
BACKGROUND: Unlike other solid tumors (i.e. pancreas, gallbladder, stomach), an ovarian cancer is responsive to a systemic treatment with platinum derivates in 80% of patients. This apparent chemosensitivity justifies a broader surgical approach. A cytoreductive, "tumor-debulking" surgery is defined as an attempt to remove in a maximum degree all visible and detect-able lesions. Despite treatment, the advancement of the disease very often leads to complications defined as "surgical" and life-threatening...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951622/analysis-of-computed-tomographic-findings-according-to-gastroesophageal-flap-valve-grade
#12
Hye Kyung Jeon, Gwang Ha Kim, Nam Kyung Lee, Suk Kim, Bong Eun Lee, Geun Am Song
Background/Aims: The gastroesophageal junction is an important barrier against gastroesophageal ref lux. Endoscopic grading of gastroesophageal f lap valve is simple, reproducible, and may predict reflux activity. We investigated the correlation between gastroesophageal flap valve grade and the gastroesophageal junction's structural properties using abdominal computed tomography. Methods: A total of 138 patients with early gastric cancer who underwent both pre-treatment esophagogastroduodenoscopy and water-distended stomach two-phase computed tomography were enrolled...
December 12, 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918777/global-regional-and-national-cancer-incidence-mortality-years-of-life-lost-years-lived-with-disability-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-32-cancer-groups-1990-to-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#13
Christina Fitzmaurice, Christine Allen, Ryan M Barber, Lars Barregard, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Hermann Brenner, Daniel J Dicker, Odgerel Chimed-Orchir, Rakhi Dandona, Lalit Dandona, Tom Fleming, Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Jamie Hancock, Roderick J Hay, Rachel Hunter-Merrill, Chantal Huynh, H Dean Hosgood, Catherine O Johnson, Jost B Jonas, Jagdish Khubchandani, G Anil Kumar, Michael Kutz, Qing Lan, Heidi J Larson, Xiaofeng Liang, Stephen S Lim, Alan D Lopez, Michael F MacIntyre, Laurie Marczak, Neal Marquez, Ali H Mokdad, Christine Pinho, Farshad Pourmalek, Joshua A Salomon, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Logan Sandar, Benn Sartorius, Stephen M Schwartz, Katya A Shackelford, Kenji Shibuya, Jeff Stanaway, Caitlyn Steiner, Jiandong Sun, Ken Takahashi, Stein Emil Vollset, Theo Vos, Joseph A Wagner, Haidong Wang, Ronny Westerman, Hajo Zeeb, Leo Zoeckler, Foad Abd-Allah, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Samer Alabed, Noore K Alam, Saleh Fahed Aldhahri, Girma Alem, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Raghib Ali, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Azmeraw Amare, Yaw Amoako, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Niguse Atnafu, Ashish Awasthi, Huda Ba Saleem, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabé, Balem Betsu, Agnes Binagwaho, Dube Boneya, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Peggy Chiang, Chioma Chibueze, Abdulaal Chitheer, Jee-Young Choi, Benjamin Cowie, Solomon Damtew, José das Neves, Suhojit Dey, Samath Dharmaratne, Preet Dhillon, Eric Ding, Tim Driscoll, Donatus Ekwueme, Aman Yesuf Endries, Maryam Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Tsegaye Tewelde G/Hiwot, Alemseged Gebru, Sameer Gopalani, Alemayehu Hailu, Masako Horino, Nobuyuki Horita, Abdullatif Husseini, Inge Huybrechts, Manami Inoue, Farhad Islami, Mihajlo Jakovljevic, Spencer James, Mehdi Javanbakht, Sun Ha Jee, Amir Kasaeian, Muktar Sano Kedir, Yousef S Khader, Young-Ho Khang, Daniel Kim, James Leigh, Shai Linn, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Wagner Marcenes, Desalegn Markos, Yohannes A Melaku, Kidanu G Meles, Walter Mendoza, Desalegn Tadese Mengiste, Tuomo J Meretoja, Ted R Miller, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Gabriele Nagel, Devina Nand, Quyen Le Nguyen, Sandra Nolte, Felix A Ogbo, Kelechi E Oladimeji, Eyal Oren, Mahesh Pa, Eun-Kee Park, David M Pereira, Dietrich Plass, Mostafa Qorbani, Amir Radfar, Anwar Rafay, Mahfuzar Rahman, Saleem M Rana, Kjetil Søreide, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Masood Ali Shaikh, Jun She, Ivy Shiue, Hirbo Roba Shore, Mark G Shrime, Samuel So, Samir Soneji, Vasiliki Stathopoulou, Konstantinos Stroumpoulis, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Bryan L Sykes, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Fentaw Tadese, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, J S Thakur, Bach Xuan Tran, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Benjamin S Chudi Uzochukwu, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Mamo Wubshet Terefe, Henock Gebremedhin Yebyo, Hassen Hamid Yimam, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Zerihun Menlkalew Zenebe, Christopher J L Murray, Mohsen Naghavi
Importance: Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Current estimates on the burden of cancer are needed for cancer control planning. Objective: To estimate mortality, incidence, years lived with disability (YLDs), years of life lost (YLLs), and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 32 cancers in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015. Evidence Review: Cancer mortality was estimated using vital registration system data, cancer registry incidence data (transformed to mortality estimates using separately estimated mortality to incidence [MI] ratios), and verbal autopsy data...
December 3, 2016: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893203/high-mortality-rate-of-stomach-cancer-caused-not-by-high-incidence-but-delays-in-diagnosis-in-aomori-prefecture-japan
#14
Masashi Matsuzaka, Rina Tanaka, Yoshihiro Sasaki
Background: There are substantial differences in the mortality rates of stomach cancer among the 47 prefectures in Japan, and Aomori prefecture is one of the most severely impacted. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and mortality rates of stomach cancer in Aomori prefecture in comparison with Japan as a whole and cast light on reasons underlying variation. Methods: Data on stomach cancer cases were extracted from the Aomori Cancer Registry Database. Incidence rates for specific stages at the time of diagnosis were cited from Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan, and mortality rates for stomach cancer in Aomori prefecture and the whole of Japan were obtained from Vital Statistics...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864592/evaluation-of-5-fluorouracil-degradation-rate-and-pharmacogenetic-profiling-to-predict-toxicity-following-adjuvant-capecitabine
#15
Michela Roberto, Adriana Romiti, Andrea Botticelli, Federica Mazzuca, Luana Lionetto, Giovanna Gentile, Ida Paris, Rosa Falcone, Maria Bassanelli, Francesca Romana Di Pietro, Concetta Elisa Onesti, Elisabetta Anselmi, Serena Macrini, Maurizio Simmaco, Paolo Marchetti
BACKGROUND: On account of the lack of predictive biomarkers of toxicity, we investigated whether polymorphisms of genes involved in fluoropyrimidine metabolism and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) degradation rate were associated with outcomes of adjuvant capecitabine in patients with early stage gastrointestinal cancers. METHODS: Genotyping of DPYD GIVS14A, MTHFR C677T and A1298C SNPs were performed by pyro-sequencing technology. PCR analysis was used for genotyping TYMS-TSER...
November 18, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846453/a-case-report-of-chylous-ascites-after-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity
#16
Esmeralda Capristo, Valerio Spuntarelli, Giorgio Treglia, Vincenzo Arena, Alessandro Giordano, Geltrude Mingrone
INTRODUCTION: We described the case of a highly aggressive antral gastric carcinoma with a scarce symptomatology, in a patient undergone Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) for obesity. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 61 year-old white man in apparent good health, who underwent laparoscopic RYGB for obesity 18 months earlier, with a loss of 30kg, reported a sudden abdominal distension and breath shortness with a weight gain of 5kg in few days. Endoscopy of both upper gastro-intestinal tract and the colon were performed along with CT-scan and positron-emission tomography (PET) CT- scan...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837291/the-psychosocial-impact-of-undergoing-prophylactic-total-gastrectomy-ptg-to-manage-the-risk-of-hereditary-diffuse-gastric-cancer-hdgc
#17
Nina Hallowell, Julia Lawton, Shirlene Badger, Sue Richardson, Richard H Hardwick, Carlos Caldas, Rebecca C Fitzgerald
Individuals identified as at high risk of developing Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer (HDGC) are advised to undergo prophylactic surgery - have their stomach removed - in their early twenties. Research with (older) cancer patients who undergo gastrectomy for curative reasons suggests that gastric resection has a number of physical and psychosocial sequelae. Because it is difficult to extrapolate the findings of studies of older cancer patients to younger healthy patients who are considering prophylactic total gastrectomy (PTG), the aim of this qualitative interview study was to determine the psychosocial implications of undergoing prophylactic surgery to manage genetic risk...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832048/vital-signs-disparities-in-tobacco-related-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-united-states-2004-2013
#18
S Jane Henley, Cheryll C Thomas, Saida R Sharapova, Behnoosh Momin, Greta M Massetti, Deborah M Winn, Brian S Armour, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use causes at least 12 types of cancer and is the leading preventable cause of cancer. METHODS: Data from the United States Cancer Statistics dataset for 2004-2013 were used to assess incidence and death rates and trends for cancers that can be caused by tobacco use (tobacco-related cancers: oral cavity and pharynx; esophagus; stomach; colon and rectum; liver; pancreas; larynx; lung, bronchus, and trachea; kidney and renal pelvis; urinary bladder; cervix; and acute myeloid leukemia) by sex, age, race, ethnicity, state, county-level poverty and educational attainment, and cancer site...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822683/clinical-outcomes-of-endoscopic-submucosa-dissection-for-high-grade-dysplasia-from-endoscopic-forceps-biopsy
#19
Dae Gon Ryu, Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Su Jin Kim, Hyeong Seok Nam
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although the Vienna Classification recommends endoscopic resection for gastric high-grade dysplasia (HGD), many resected lesions are diagnosed as gastric cancer after endoscopic resection. This study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of gastric HGD identified by endoscopic forceps biopsy (EFB) after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and factors associated with discrepant results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 2008 to July 2015, a total of 427 lesions diagnosed as initial HGD by EFB were enrolled...
November 7, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803086/advanced-gastric-cancer-linitis-plastica-presented-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#20
Sehem Ghazala, Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz
An old man was found unconscious; on admission found to have disseminated intravascular coagulation with concern of upper gastrointestinal bleed after he was found to have melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy on admission showed diffuse thickened gastric folds, and biopsy showed mucosal oedema. Bone marrow biopsy concerning for lymphoma was obtained showed adenocarcinoma. MRI of the abdomen was significant for diffuse gastric wall thickening. A repeat endoscopic ultrasound showed a diffuse gastric wall thickening of 15 mm and submucosal tunneling technique biopsy suggested high-grade, invasive, signet ring adenocarcinoma of the stomach...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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