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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893203/high-mortality-rate-of-stomach-cancer-caused-not-by-high-incidence-but-delays-in-diagnosis-in-aomori-prefecture-japan
#1
Masashi Matsuzaka, Rina Tanaka, Yoshihiro Sasaki
Background: There are substantial differences in the mortality rates of stomach cancer among the 47 prefectures in Japan, and Aomori prefecture is one of the most severely impacted. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence and mortality rates of stomach cancer in Aomori prefecture in comparison with Japan as a whole and cast light on reasons underlying variation. Methods: Data on stomach cancer cases were extracted from the Aomori Cancer Registry Database. Incidence rates for specific stages at the time of diagnosis were cited from Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan, and mortality rates for stomach cancer in Aomori prefecture and the whole of Japan were obtained from Vital Statistics...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864592/evaluation-of-5-fluorouracil-degradation-rate-and-pharmacogenetic-profiling-to-predict-toxicity-following-adjuvant-capecitabine
#2
Michela Roberto, Adriana Romiti, Andrea Botticelli, Federica Mazzuca, Luana Lionetto, Giovanna Gentile, Ida Paris, Rosa Falcone, Maria Bassanelli, Francesca Romana Di Pietro, Concetta Elisa Onesti, Elisabetta Anselmi, Serena Macrini, Maurizio Simmaco, Paolo Marchetti
BACKGROUND: On account of the lack of predictive biomarkers of toxicity, we investigated whether polymorphisms of genes involved in fluoropyrimidine metabolism and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) degradation rate were associated with outcomes of adjuvant capecitabine in patients with early stage gastrointestinal cancers. METHODS: Genotyping of DPYD GIVS14A, MTHFR C677T and A1298C SNPs were performed by pyro-sequencing technology. PCR analysis was used for genotyping TYMS-TSER...
November 18, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846453/a-case-report-of-chylous-ascites-after-gastric-bypass-for-morbid-obesity
#3
Esmeralda Capristo, Valerio Spuntarelli, Giorgio Treglia, Vincenzo Arena, Alessandro Giordano, Geltrude Mingrone
INTRODUCTION: We described the case of a highly aggressive antral gastric carcinoma with a scarce symptomatology, in a patient undergone Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) for obesity. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 61 year-old white man in apparent good health, who underwent laparoscopic RYGB for obesity 18 months earlier, with a loss of 30kg, reported a sudden abdominal distension and breath shortness with a weight gain of 5kg in few days. Endoscopy of both upper gastro-intestinal tract and the colon were performed along with CT-scan and positron-emission tomography (PET) CT- scan...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837291/the-psychosocial-impact-of-undergoing-prophylactic-total-gastrectomy-ptg-to-manage-the-risk-of-hereditary-diffuse-gastric-cancer-hdgc
#4
Nina Hallowell, Julia Lawton, Shirlene Badger, Sue Richardson, Richard H Hardwick, Carlos Caldas, Rebecca C Fitzgerald
Individuals identified as at high risk of developing Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer (HDGC) are advised to undergo prophylactic surgery - have their stomach removed - in their early twenties. Research with (older) cancer patients who undergo gastrectomy for curative reasons suggests that gastric resection has a number of physical and psychosocial sequelae. Because it is difficult to extrapolate the findings of studies of older cancer patients to younger healthy patients who are considering prophylactic total gastrectomy (PTG), the aim of this qualitative interview study was to determine the psychosocial implications of undergoing prophylactic surgery to manage genetic risk...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832048/vital-signs-disparities-in-tobacco-related-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-united-states-2004-2013
#5
S Jane Henley, Cheryll C Thomas, Saida R Sharapova, Behnoosh Momin, Greta M Massetti, Deborah M Winn, Brian S Armour, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use causes at least 12 types of cancer and is the leading preventable cause of cancer. METHODS: Data from the United States Cancer Statistics dataset for 2004-2013 were used to assess incidence and death rates and trends for cancers that can be caused by tobacco use (tobacco-related cancers: oral cavity and pharynx; esophagus; stomach; colon and rectum; liver; pancreas; larynx; lung, bronchus, and trachea; kidney and renal pelvis; urinary bladder; cervix; and acute myeloid leukemia) by sex, age, race, ethnicity, state, county-level poverty and educational attainment, and cancer site...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822683/clinical-outcomes-of-endoscopic-submucosa-dissection-for-high-grade-dysplasia-from-endoscopic-forceps-biopsy
#6
Dae Gon Ryu, Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Su Jin Kim, Hyeong Seok Nam
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Although the Vienna Classification recommends endoscopic resection for gastric high-grade dysplasia (HGD), many resected lesions are diagnosed as gastric cancer after endoscopic resection. This study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of gastric HGD identified by endoscopic forceps biopsy (EFB) after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) and factors associated with discrepant results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 2008 to July 2015, a total of 427 lesions diagnosed as initial HGD by EFB were enrolled...
November 7, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803086/advanced-gastric-cancer-linitis-plastica-presented-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#7
Sehem Ghazala, Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz
An old man was found unconscious; on admission found to have disseminated intravascular coagulation with concern of upper gastrointestinal bleed after he was found to have melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy on admission showed diffuse thickened gastric folds, and biopsy showed mucosal oedema. Bone marrow biopsy concerning for lymphoma was obtained showed adenocarcinoma. MRI of the abdomen was significant for diffuse gastric wall thickening. A repeat endoscopic ultrasound showed a diffuse gastric wall thickening of 15 mm and submucosal tunneling technique biopsy suggested high-grade, invasive, signet ring adenocarcinoma of the stomach...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798911/clinical-impact-of-stomach-partitioning-gastrojejunostomy-with-braun-enteroenterostomy-for-patients-with-gastric-outlet-obstruction-caused-by-unresectable-gastric-cancer
#8
Takaaki Arigami, Yoshikazu Uenosono, Sumiya Ishigami, Shigehiro Yanagita, Keishi Okubo, Yasuto Uchikado, Yoshiaki Kita, Shinichiro Mori, Hiroshi Kurahara, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
AIM: To compare adverse events and post-therapeutic clinical courses between stomach-partitioning gastrojejunostomy with Braun enteroenterostomy (SPGJ-BEE) and endoscopic metallic stent placement (EMSP) in patients with gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) caused by unresectable gastric cancer and assess the clinical utility of SPGJ-BEE. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 16 and 9 patients with GOO undergoing SPGJ-BEE and EMSP, respectively...
October 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756614/prediction-model-for-non-curative-resection-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-patients-with-early-gastric-cancer
#9
Eun Hye Kim, Jun Chul Park, In Ji Song, Yeong Jin Kim, Dong Hoo Joh, Kyu Yeon Hahn, Yong Kang Lee, Ha Yan Kim, Hyunsoo Chung, Sung Kwan Shin, Sang Kil Lee, Yong Chan Lee
BACKGROUND: and study aim: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a useful method for complete resection of early gastric cancer (EGC). However, there are still some cases that underwent additional gastrectomy after ESD because of non-curative resection. There is no model that can accurately predict non-curative resection of ESD. We aimed to create a model for predicting non-curative resection of ESD in patients with EGC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records, including all gross findings of EGC, of patients who underwent ESD for EGCs...
October 15, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752399/single-port-laparoscopic-proximal-gastrectomy-with-double-tract-reconstruction-for-early-gastric-cancer-report-of-a-case
#10
Chang Min Lee, Da Won Park, Do Hyun Jung, You Jin Jang, Jong-Han Kim, Sungsoo Park, Seong-Heum Park
In Korea, proximal gastrectomy has recently attracted attention as a better choice of function-preserving surgery for proximal early gastric cancer than total gastrectomy. Of the various strategies to overcome reflux symptoms from remnant stomach, double tract reconstruction not only reduces the incidence of anastomosis-related complications, but is also sufficiently reproducible as a laparoscopic procedure. Catching up with the recent rise of single-port laparoscopic surgeries, we performed a pure single-port laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy with DTR...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752398/phlegmonous-gastritis-with-early-gastric-cancer
#11
Kyung Hee Kim, Chan Gyoo Kim, Young-Woo Kim, Hae Moon, Jee Eun Choi, Soo-Jeong Cho, Jong Yeul Lee, Il Ju Choi
Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare and rapidly progressive bacterial infection of the stomach wall, with a high mortality rate. Antibiotics with or without surgical treatment are required for treatment. We present a case in which phlegmonous gastritis occurred during the diagnostic evaluation of early gastric cancer. The patient showed improvement after antibiotic treatment, but attempted endoscopic submucosal dissection failed because of submucosal pus. We immediately applied argon plasma coagulation since surgical resection was also considered a high-risk procedure because of the submucosal pus and multiple comorbidities...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745677/u-s-burden-of-cancer-by-race-and-ethnicity-according-to-disability-adjusted-life-years
#12
Joannie Lortet-Tieulent, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Chun Chieh Lin, Jan Willem W Coebergh, Ahmedin Jemal
INTRODUCTION: In the U.S., people of different races/ethnicities have differences in cancer incidence, mortality, survival, stage at diagnosis, and receipt of treatment, resulting in variances in cancer burden. The burden of cancer in 2011 was assessed by race/ethnicity for 24 cancers using disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). METHODS: In 2014-2015, DALYs and their two components were estimated (years of life lost [YLLs] and years lived with disability) by race/ethnicity using population-based cancer registry data collected in 2013, vital statistics, and literature reviews...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744719/progress-and-prospects-for-the-discovery-of-biomarkers-for-gastric-cancer-a-focus-on-proteomics
#13
Yasuhiko Mohri, Yuji Toiyama, Masato Kusunoki
Patient outcomes from gastric cancer vary due to the complexity of stomach carcinogenesis. Recent research using proteomic technologies has targeted components of all of these systems in order to develop biomarkers to aid the early diagnosis of gastric cancer and to assist in prognostic stratification. Areas covered: This review is comprised of evidence obtained from literature searches from PubMed. It covers the evidence of diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive biomarkers for gastric cancer using proteomic technologies, and provides up-to-date references...
October 31, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686105/histomorphologic-features-of-early-gastric-carcinoma-treated-by-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-relation-to-efficiency-of-endoscopic-resection
#14
Katarzyna Karpińska-Kaczmarczyk, Andrzej Białek, Magdalena Lewandowska, Ewa Dobak, Małgorzata Ławniczak, Elżbieta Urasińska
OBJECTIVE: Early gastric cancer (EGC) is defined as cancer invasion confined to the mucosa or submucosa, irrespective of lymph node metastasis. Recently endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been widely accepted for the treatment for dysplasia and EGC without lymph node metastases. While the method has been advanced in Far East countries, ESD is still being developed in Europe and has not gained enough popularity although it has been recommended as the treatment of choice for superficial gastric neoplastic lesions by European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) in 2015...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678320/cancer-patterns-and-trends-in-central-and-south-america
#15
Mónica S Sierra, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Sébastien Antoni, Mathieu Laversanne, Marion Piñeros, Esther de Vries, David Forman
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Cancer burden is increasing in Central and South America (CSA). We describe the current burden of cancer in CSA. METHODS: We obtained regional and national-level cancer incidence data from 48 population-based registries (13 countries) and nation-wide cancer mortality data from the WHO (18 countries). We estimated world population age-standardized incidence and mortality rates per 100,000 person-years. RESULTS: The leading cancers diagnosed were prostate, lung, breast, cervix, colorectal, and stomach, which were also the primary causes of cancer mortality...
September 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676456/induction-of-mucosal-immune-responses-against-helicobacter-pylori-infection-after-sublingual-and-intragastric-route-of-immunization
#16
Louise Sjökvist Ottsjö, Frida Jeverstam, Linda Yrlid, Alexander U Wenzel, Anna K Walduck, Sukanya Raghavan
There is a current lack of effective mucosal vaccines against major gastroenteric pathogens and particularly against Helicobacter pylori, a chronic infection that can lead to peptic ulcers and gastric cancer in a sub-population of infected individuals. Mucosal CD4(+) T cell responses have been shown to be essential for vaccine-induced protection against H. pylori infection. The current study addresses the influence of the adjuvant and site of mucosal immunization on early CD4(+) T cell priming to H. pylori antigens...
September 27, 2016: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672061/oncological-outcomes-of-function-preserving-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer-a-multicenter-propensity-score-matched-cohort-analysis-comparing-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy-versus-conventional-distal-gastrectomy
#17
Masaki Aizawa, Michitaka Honda, Naoki Hiki, Takahiro Kinoshita, Hiroshi Yabusaki, Souya Nunobe, Hidehito Shibasaki, Atsushi Matsuki, Masahiro Watanabe, Takayuki Abe
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to clarify the oncological safety of pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) compared with conventional distal gastrectomy (DG). METHODS: From three institutions specializing in cancer, the medical records for a cohort of 2898 consecutive patients who had undergone DG (n = 2208) or PPG (n = 690) for clinical stage I gastric cancer between January 2006 and December 2012 were analyzed. A propensity score for each patient was estimated on the basis of 38 preoperative clinical and tumor-related factors...
September 26, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669318/immunotherapy-for-gastroesophageal-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Emily F Goode, Elizabeth C Smyth
Survival for patients with advanced oesophageal and stomach cancer is poor; together these cancers are responsible for more than a million deaths per year globally. As chemotherapy and targeted therapies such as trastuzumab and ramucirumab result in modest improvements in survival but not long-term cure for such patients, development of alternative treatment approaches is warranted. Novel immunotherapy drugs such as checkpoint inhibitors have been paradigm changing in melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer and urothelial cancers...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651161/rad51b-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-early-detection-and-poor-prognostic-evaluation-contributes-to-tumorigenesis-of-gastric-cancer
#19
Yikun Cheng, Bin Yang, Yanfeng Xi, Xing Chen
Gastric cancer (GC) is a common and deadly disease worldwide. Outcomes of patients are poor largely due to chemoresistance or recurrence. Thus, identifying novel biomarkers to predict response to therapy and/or prognosis are urgently needed. RAD51B, a key player in DNA repair/recombination, has the potential to be a candidate oncogene and biomarker for cancer diagnosis and prognosis. However, its relationship with GC remains unclear. To evaluate clinicopathological and prognostic significance of RAD51B in GC, we examined messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) from 69 and tissue microarray from 144 GC patients, respectively...
September 20, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643873/a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-regression-analysis-on-early-life-energy-restriction-and-cancer-risk-in-humans
#20
Rachel J J Elands, Colinda C J M Simons, Martien van Dongen, Leo J Schouten, Bas A J Verhage, Piet A van den Brandt, Matty P Weijenberg
BACKGROUND: In animal models, long-term moderate energy restriction (ER) is reported to decelerate carcinogenesis, whereas the effect of severe ER is inconsistent. The impact of early-life ER on cancer risk has never been reviewed systematically and quantitatively based on observational studies in humans. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review of observational studies and a meta-(regression) analysis on cohort studies to clarify the association between early-life ER and organ site-specific cancer risk...
2016: PloS One
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