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Ting Dong, Annesley Copeland, Matthew Gangidine, Deanna Schreiber-Gregory, E Matthew Ritter, Steven J Durning
PURPOSE: We conducted an in-depth empirical investigation to achieve a better understanding of the surgery clerkship from multiple perspectives, including the influence of clerkship sequence on performance, the relationship between self-logged work hours and performance, as well as the association between surgery clerkship performance with subsequent USMLE Step exams' scores. METHOD: The study cohort consisted of medical students graduating between 2015 and 2018 (n = 687)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
M Douglas Jones, Traci Yamashita, Randal G Ross, Jennifer Gong
BACKGROUND: Although medical school programs oriented toward postgraduate specialty training have the potential to reduce the duration and cost of medical school for US medical students, success depends on the ability of students to predict their postgraduate specialties. It is clear that first-year choices are poorly predictive, but it is not known when predictions become sufficiently reliable to support specialty-oriented learning programs. We therefore examined the predictive value of specialty preferences expressed at the ends of the first, second and third years of medical school and asked whether concurrent expressions of confidence in choices improved predictive ability...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Kishore L Jayakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Kevin D Cofer, Robert H Hollis, Lauren Goss, Melanie S Morris, John R Porterfield, Daniel I Chu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether burnout was associated with emotional intelligence and job performance in surgical residents. DESIGN: General surgery residents at a single institution were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and trait EI questionnaire (TEIQ-SF). Burnout was defined as scoring in 2 of the 3 following domains; Emotional Exhaustion (high), Depersonalization (high), and Personal Accomplishment (low). Job performance was evaluated using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the American Board of Surgery In-Training Exam (ABSITE) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 3...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Sherif Abdel-Misih, Nicole Verbeck, Curtis Walker, Wanjiku Musindi, Katherine Strafford, Lori Meyers, Kimberly Tartaglia, Alan Harzman
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the Ohio State University College of Medicine (OSUCOM) implemented a new undergraduate medical curriculum. We compare outcomes of a third year traditional clerkship format to a combined Surgery and Obstetrics/Gynecology 'ring'. METHODS: Performance outcomes of 4 consecutive classes were compared between pre- (2014, 2015) and post-curricular revision (2016, 2017). RESULTS: Three hundred ninety-one students consented use of their educational data for research...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Leslie L Chang, Alisa Nagler, Mariah Rudd, Colleen O'Connor Grochowski, Edward G Buckley, Saumil M Chudgar, Deborah L Engle
BACKGROUND: Medical education program evaluation allows for curricular improvements to both Undergraduate (UME) and Graduate Medical Education (GME). UME programs are left with little more than match rates and self-report to evaluate success of graduates in The Match. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript shares a novel method of program evaluation through a systematic assessment of Match outcomes. DESIGN: Surveys were developed and distributed to Program Training Directors (PTDs) at our institution to classify residency programs into which our UME graduates matched using an ordinal response scale and open-ended responses...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
E Jane Gibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Family Medicine
Seungjun Kim, Paul George
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pass/fail preclinical grading is associated with improved student well-being. Studies do not demonstrate differences in United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores after adopting pass/fail grading, but were conducted at unrepresentative, highly selective institutions, and average scores increased overall during the study periods. We investigated the effect of preclinical grading on USMLE scores across 96 US medical schools. METHODS: Preclinical grading systems were identified with the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Admissions Requirements...
February 2018: Family Medicine
Jacqueline L Gauer, J Brooks Jackson
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the associations of the demographic variables of gender, state of legal residency, student age, and undergraduate major with scores on the Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT) and the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE) Step 1 and Step 2 Clinical Knowledge. Methods: The researchers collected and analyzed exam scores and demographic student data from participants of five graduating classes of students at the University of Minnesota Medical School (N = 1,067)...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Ming Lee, Michelle Vermillion
BACKGROUND: Multiple undergraduate achievements have been used for graduate admission consideration. Their relative values in the prediction of residency performance are not clear. This study compared the contributions of major undergraduate assessments to the prediction of internship performance. METHODS: Internship performance ratings of the graduates of a medical school were collected from 2012 to 2015. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to examine the predictive values of undergraduate measures assessing basic and clinical sciences knowledge and clinical performances, after controlling for differences in the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)...
February 1, 2018: Medical Teacher
Scott M Fishman, Daniel B Carr, Beth Hogans, Martin Cheatle, Rollin M Gallagher, Joanna Katzman, Sean Mackey, Rosemary Polomano, Adrian Popescu, James P Rathmell, Richard W Rosenquist, David Tauben, Laurel Beckett, Yueju Li, Jennifer M Mongoven, Heather M Young
Background: "The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two substantial public health challenges-reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can result from the use of opioid medications" [1]. Improved pain education for health care providers is an essential component of the multidimensional response to both still-unmet challenges [2,3]. Despite the importance of licensing examinations in assuring competency in health care providers, there has been no prior appraisal of pain and related content within the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE)...
January 22, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Cory M Pfeifer
The practice of medicine has changed greatly over the past 100 years, yet the structure of undergraduate medical education has evolved very little. Many schools have modified their curricula to incorporate problem-based learning and organ systems-based curricula, but few schools have adequately addressed rising tuition costs. Undergraduate medical education has become cost-prohibitive for students interested in primary care. In the meanwhile, the concept of a separate dedicated intern year is outdated and mired in waste despite remaining a requirement for several hospital-based and surgical specialties...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Syeda Razia Haider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Andrew J Redmann, Kareem O Tawfik, Charles M Myer
OBJECTIVE: Describe the association of USMLE Step 1 scores and the institution of a dedicated board review curriculum with resident performance on the Otolaryngology training examination. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross sectional study. METHODS: We reviewed American Board of Otolaryngology Training Examination (OTE) scores for an otolaryngology residency program between 2005 and 2016. USMLE Step 1 scores were collected. In 2011 a resident-run OTE review curriculum was instituted with the goal of improving test preparation...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Aimee K Gardner, Brian J Dunkin
Importance: The ability to identify candidates who will thrive and successfully complete their residency is especially critical for general surgery programs. Objective: To assess the extent to which 3 screening tools used extensively in industrial selection settings-emotional intelligence (EQ), personality profiles, and situational judgment tests (SJTs)-could identify successful surgery residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this analysis, personality profiles, EQ assessments, and SJTs were administered from July through August 2015 to 51 postgraduate year 1 through 5 general surgery residents in a large general surgery residency program...
December 27, 2017: JAMA Surgery
Weston Stover, Sujata Gill, Kim Schenarts, A Alfred Chahine
OBJECTIVE: In the spring of 2010, a categorical general surgery postgraduate year (PGY)-2 position became available at our academic medical center secondary to attrition of a PGY-1 resident. We sought to study the unique characteristics of applicants to that position and to describe the selection process with hopes to stimulate additional studies about the unique challenges of recruiting applicants into advanced standing positions. DESIGN: Applications were received via e-mail and reviewed to characterize the applicant pool...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
Lindsay F Schwartz, Matthew Lineberry, Yoon Soo Park, Carol S Kamin, Abbas A Hyderi
PROBLEM: Studies have documented performance on the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE) Step 1 exam as an important factor that residency program directors consider when deciding which applicants to interview and rank. Therefore, success on this exam, though only one aspect of applicant evaluation, is important in determining future career prospects for medical students. Unfortunately, mean test scores at the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago (UIC) have historically been below the national average...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Vikas Agarwal, Gregory M Bump, Matthew T Heller, Ling-Wan Chen, Barton F Branstetter, Nikhil B Amesur, Marion A Hughes
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study is to determine what information in medical student residency applications predicts radiology residency success as defined by objective clinical performance data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of residents who entered our institution's residency program through the National Resident Matching Program as postgraduate year 2 residents and completed the program over the past 2 years...
November 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
Jason Franasiak, Daniel Kaser, Linnea Goodman, George Patounakis, Caroline Juneau, Scott Morin, Shelby Neal, William Schlaff, Richard Scott
Background: Advanced subspecialty training in reproductive endocrinology and infertility (REI) entails a competitive application process with many data points considered. It is not known what components weigh more heavily for applicants. Thus, we sought to study the REI fellow applicant and compare 1) those who apply but do not receive an interview, 2) those who receive an interview but do not match, and 3) those who successfully match. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at a single REI fellowship program from 2013 to 2017...
2017: Fertility Research and Practice
Bryan Johnson, Matthew Flemer, Sadik Khuder, Nitin Puri
The effectiveness of Special Master's Programs (SMPs) in benefiting a potential medical student's career beyond admission into an MD-program is largely unknown. This study aims to evaluate the role of SMPs, if any, in affecting the performance and outcomes of students during their medical school career. This study analyzed anonymous surveys of students and residents from the University of Toledo. The data analysis is used to evaluate a student's academic performance before, during and after medical school. Measured metrics included: MCAT Scores, undergraduate GPA, USMLE STEP 1 scores, participation in research, number of research publications, and residency placement...
2017: PloS One
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