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Pediatric appendicitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777269/pediatric-appendicitis-severity-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#1
Matthew C Hernandez, Victor Y Kong, John L Bruce, Johnathon M Aho, Grant L Laing, Martin D Zielinski, Damian L Clarke
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is a common pediatric surgical emergency; however, there are few grading systems to assign disease severity. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) recently developed a grading system for a variety of emergency surgical conditions, including appendicitis. The severity of acute appendicitis in younger patients in KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) is unknown. We aimed to describe the disease severity in this patient population using the AAST grading system hypothesizing that the AAST grade would correlate with morbidity, management type, and duration of stay...
May 17, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763444/cholelithiasis-and-choledocholithiasis-in-children-risk-factors-for-development
#2
Barbora Frybova, Jiri Drabek, Jindra Lochmannova, Ladislav Douda, Stepan Hlava, Daniela Zemkova, Vladimir Mixa, Martin Kyncl, Lubos Zeman, Michal Rygl, Radan Keil
PURPOSE: To compare anthropometric data (body mass index [BMI]) in patients without lithiasis to patients with symptomatic simple cholelithiasis or choledocholithiasis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 147 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy between 2001-2015. Complete growth data from 98 patients was compared with anthropometric data from the population of the Czech Republic and a control group (BMI of 100 consecutive patients without biliary stones in abdominal ultrasound who were admitted to a surgical department for suspected appendicitis)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760840/clinical-ultrasound-is-safe-and-highly-specific-for-acute-appendicitis-in-moderate-to-high-pre-test-probability-patients
#3
Daniel Corson-Knowles, Frances M Russell
Introduction: Clinical ultrasound (CUS) is highly specific for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis but is operator-dependent. The goal of this study was to determine if a heterogeneous group of emergency physicians (EP) could diagnose acute appendicitis on CUS in patients with a moderate to high pre-test probability. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of a convenience sample of adult and pediatric patients with suspected appendicitis. Sonographers received a structured, 20-minute CUS training on appendicitis prior to patient enrollment...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738103/bedside-sonography-performed-by-emergency-physicians-to-detect-appendicitis-in-children
#4
Marie Nicole, Marie Pier Desjardins, Jocelyn Gravel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of emergency physicians with various levels of Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) experience to detect appendicitis with POCUS among children visiting a pediatric Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in an urban, tertiary care pediatric ED. Children aged 2 to 18 years old who presented with acute abdominal pain suggesting appendicitis were included. Patients were excluded if they had a history of appendectomy, hemodynamic instability requiring resuscitation, or were transferred with proven diagnosis of appendicitis...
May 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721397/diagnostic-efficiency-of-multidetector-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-clinically-equivocal-cases-of-acute-appendicitis-with-surgical-correlation
#5
Jawaid Iqbal, Raza Sayani, Misbah Tahir, Syed M Mustahsan
Acute appendicitis is one of the most frequent causes of lower abdominal pain and requires immediate surgical intervention. The diagnosis often poses a lot of challenge even to experienced surgeon. Those patients with equivocal symptoms may require different imaging modalities like radiography, contrast examination and ultrasound with limited utility. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) used in suspected acute appendicitis has, however, resulted in improved diagnostic accuracy and also reduction of negative surgeries...
March 1, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698881/goblet-cell-carcinoid-of-the-appendix-case-report-of-a-high-grade-tumor-in-a-20-year-old
#6
Ameen Barghi, John Grabbe, Arundhati Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: Goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) is an extraordinarily rare appendiceal tumor that is usually an incidental diagnosis on post-operative histology. It typically presents in the fifth or sixth decade of life. Our patient is the only reported case study of GCC in a pediatric-young adult. Due to its potentially poor prognosis, GCC is surgically treated as an adenocarcinoma, with right hemicolectomy as the mainstay of treatment. PRESENTATION OF CASE: The patient was a 20-year-old male who presented with a history, physical exam, and work up consistent with acute appendicitis...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680415/home-antibiotics-at-discharge-for-pediatric-complicated-appendicitis-friend-or-foe
#7
Kathryn Tinsley Anderson, Marisa A Bartz-Kurycki, Akemi L Kawaguchi, Mary T Austin, Galit Holzmann-Pazgal, Lillian S Kao, Kevin P Lally, Kuojen Tsao
BACKGROUND: The role of home discharge antibiotics in children after perforated appendicitis is unclear. This study evaluates the outcomes of complicated appendicitis patients being discharged with or without home antibiotics after initial surgery and in-patient treatment. STUDY DESIGN: The 2015 and 2016 National Surgical Quality Improvement-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database was queried for patients <18 years of age with complicated appendicitis. Home antibiotics (HA) were prescribed or not (No Home Antibiotics- NHA)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673611/the-cost-effectiveness-and-utility-of-a-quick-mri-for-the-evaluation-of-intra-abdominal-abscess-after-acute-appendicitis-in-the-pediatric-patient-population
#8
Tiffany J Zens, Andrew P Rogers, Erica L Riedesel, Charles M Leys, Daniel J Ostlie, Michael A Woods, Kara G Gill
INTRODUCTION: Contrast-enhanced CT remains the first-line imaging for evaluating postoperative abscess (POA) after appendicitis. Given concerns of ionizing radiation use in children, we began utilizing quick MRI to evaluate POA and summarize our findings in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children imaged with quick MRI from 2015 to 2017 were compared to children evaluated with CT from 2012 to 2014 using an age and weight matched case-control model. Radiation exposure, size and number of abscesses, length of exam, drain placement, and patient outcomes were compared...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664657/enterobius-vermicularis-a-cause-of-abdominal-pain-mimicking-acute-appendicitis-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Mohamed Zouari, Hamid Louati, Imen Abid, Fatma Trabelsi, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Mohamed Jallouli, Riadh Mhiri
BACKGROUND: Enterobius vermicularis (EV) is the most common helminthic infection in the world. This small parasite is predominant in the pediatric population. The presence of EV in the appendix can cause or mimick appendicitis. The aim of our study was to compare patients with EV infection and those without EV infection, and to identify predictive factors that may help the diagnosis of EV infection in patients presenting with right iliac fossa pain and avoid negative appendectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all the appendices removed between January 2012 and December 2016 was conducted at the department of pediatric surgery, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia...
February 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643718/left-sided-cecal-diverticulitis-associated-with-midgut-malrotation
#10
Jia-Hui Chen
Malrotation of the midgut is generally considered as a pediatric pathology with the majority of patients presenting in childhood. The diagnosis is rare in adults, which sometimes leads to delay in diagnosis and treatment. An index of suspicion is therefore required when dealing with patients of any age group with abdominal symptoms. We present a case of a 26-year-old male who presented with left lower abdominal pain with preoperative computed tomography showing suspected left-sided appendicitis associated with midgut malrotation...
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628008/abdominal-drainage-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-in-children-an-endless-controversy
#11
B Aneiros Castro, I Cano, A García, P Yuste, E Ferrero, A Gómez
BACKGROUND: Routine prophylactic abdominal drains after laparoscopic appendectomy for perforated appendicitis in children are still controversial. Throughout the history of surgery, potential benefits of the abdominal drains have been described. However, in recent studies, no benefits were observed and serious complications have been reported. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2013, all charts of the pediatric patients who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy in our tertiary center were revised...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615193/does-the-implementation-of-a-pediatric-appendicitis-pathway-promoting-ultrasound-work-outside-of-a-children-s-hospital
#12
Emily Kobayashi, Bennett Johnson, Kathleen Goetz, James Scanlan, Robert Weinsheimer
BACKGROUND: Efficacy of care pathways for pediatric appendicitis is well established in children's hospitals, but not in community Emergency Departments (EDs). METHODS: A diagnostic pathway combining the Pediatric Appendicitis Score (PAS) with selective ultrasound was implemented. The charts of 2201 pediatric patients seen at four general EDs before and after implementation were retrospectively reviewed, identifying 611 children seriously considered for appendicitis...
March 17, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605268/improving-the-value-of-care-for-appendectomy-through-an-individual-surgeon-specific-approach
#13
Jamie R Robinson, Nicholas H Carter, Corinne Gibson, Adam S Brinkman, Kyle Van Arendonk, Karen E Speck, Melissa E Danko, Gretchen P Jackson, Harold N Lovvorn, Martin L Blakely
PURPOSE: Standardized care via a unified surgeon preference card for pediatric appendectomy can result in significant cost reduction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of cost and outcome feedback to surgeons on value of care in an environment reluctant to adopt a standardized surgeon preference card. METHODS: Prospective observational study comparing operating room (OR) supply costs and patient outcomes for appendectomy in children with 6-month observation periods both before and after intervention...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589454/-open-versus-laparoscopic-appendectomy-for-acute-appendicitis-in-children
#14
R Štichhauer, J Koudelka
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is a common disease affecting both adults and children. The basic therapeutic procedure is an appendectomy. Open appendectomy has been gradually supplemented and sometimes replaced by a laparoscopic approach in numerous departments. The aim of our work was to compare laparoscopic and open surgery objectively. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of data from patients operated on at the Department of Pediatric Surgery and Traumatology, Teaching Hospital in Hradec Králové in 20092016...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580556/does-the-implementation-of-a-pediatric-appendicitis-pathway-promoting-ultrasound-work-outside-of-a-children-s-hospital
#15
Kenneth W Gow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554038/trauma-surgeon-performance-of-appendectomy-in-5-10-year-old-children-is-safe-and-decreases-length-of-hospital-stay
#16
Derek B Wall, Carlos Ortega
BACKGROUND: Even in metropolitan areas, on-call pediatric surgeons may not always be immediately available for surgical care of appendicitis, potentially leading to delays in care. In 2012, the in-house trauma group at a suburban Level 1 trauma center (none with formal pediatric fellowship training) assumed surgical care of 5-10 year-old children with appendicitis, who had previously been cared for by pediatric surgeons. We propose to compare the outcomes of the trauma and pediatric surgery groups...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535251/development-and-validation-of-a-novel-pediatric-appendicitis-risk-calculator-parc
#17
Anupam B Kharbanda, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Dustin W Ballard, David R Vinson, Uli K Chettipally, Mamata V Kene, Steven P Dehmer, Richard G Bachur, Peter S Dayan, Nathan Kuppermann, Patrick J O'Connor, Elyse O Kharbanda
OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop and validate a clinical calculator that can be used to quantify risk for appendicitis on a continuous scale for patients with acute abdominal pain. METHODS: The pediatric appendicitis risk calculator (pARC) was developed and validated through secondary analyses of 3 distinct cohorts. The derivation sample included visits to 9 pediatric emergency departments between March 2009 and April 2010. The validation sample included visits to a single pediatric emergency department from 2003 to 2004 and 2013 to 2015...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529968/use-of-8-cm-22g-long-peripheral-cannulas-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Maurizio Pacilli, Catherine J Bradshaw, Simon A Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Medium-term intravenous access in children is normally achieved by means of repeated multiple peripheral intravenous cannula insertions or peripherally inserted central catheters. Long peripheral cannulas might offer an alternative to these devices in children. Our aim was to clarify whether long peripheral cannulas provide reliable medium-term intravenous access avoiding the need for multiple peripheral intravenous cannulations or peripherally inserted central catheter insertion in children undergoing surgery...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529041/metabolomic-and-inflammatory-mediator-based-biomarker-profiling-as-a-potential-novel-method-to-aid-pediatric-appendicitis-identification
#19
Nusrat S Shommu, Craig N Jenne, Jaime Blackwood, Ari R Joffe, Dori-Ann Martin, Graham C Thompson, Hans J Vogel
Various limitations hinder the timely and accurate diagnosis of appendicitis in pediatric patients. The present study aims to investigate the potential of metabolomics and cytokine profiling for improving the diagnosis of pediatric appendicitis. Serum and plasma samples were collected from pediatric patients for metabolic and inflammatory mediator analyses respectively. Targeted metabolic profiling was performed using Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Flow Injection Analysis Mass Spectrometry/Mass Spectrometry and targeted cytokine/chemokine profiling was completed using a multiplex platform to compare children with and without appendicitis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523946/imaging-in-pediatric-appendicitis-is-key-to-a-low-normal-appendix-percentage-a-national-audit-on-the-outcome-of-appendectomy-for-appendicitis-in-children
#20
M D Bolmers, C C van Rossem, R R Gorter, W A Bemelman, A A W van Geloven, H A Heij
PURPOSE: A laparoscopic approach for emergency appendectomy is increasingly used, in pediatric patients as well. The objective of this study is to audit the current state of diagnostic work-up, surgical techniques and its outcome in children with acute appendicitis. METHODS: A prospective consecutive observational cohort study was carried out in a 2-month study period. All patients under 18 years that were operated for suspected acute appendicitis were included...
May 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
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