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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935079/falls-and-fall-related-injuries-among-us-adults-aged-65-or-older-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#1
Brandon M Kistler, Jagdish Khubchandani, Gina Jakubowicz, Kenneth Wilund, Jacob Sosnoff
INTRODUCTION: Falls are among the leading causes of injury and death among adults aged 65 or older. People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at increased risk of falling and of having a serious injury from falls. However, information is limited about risk factors for falls and fall-related injuries among people with CKD. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 157,753 adults (6.1% with CKD) aged 65 or older surveyed in the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
June 21, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932560/a-multiple-behavior-self-monitoring-intervention-for-african-american-veterans-with-type-2-diabetes-a-feasibility-implementation-study
#2
Ngozi D Mbue, Jing Wang, Stanley G Cron, Jane A Anderson
The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of implementing a multiple-behavior self-monitoring intervention within a diabetes education program. This study was a 3-month pre- post-design, conducted with African-Americans (N = 20), who attended diabetes education classes at a large Veteran's Affairs (VA) hospital in Southwest Texas. Participants selfmonitored their blood glucose, diet, exercise, and weight on either a smart phone application or paper diaries. Paired t tests showed strong evidence that patient self-monitoring of healthy lifestyle behaviors improved blood glucose (t = -3...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932275/improved-brachial-artery-shear-patterns-and-increased-flow-mediated-dilation-after-low-volume-high-intensity-interval-training-in-type-2-diabetes
#3
Alireza Ghardashi Afousi, Mohammad Reza Izadi, Kamran Rakhshan, Farnoosh Mafi, Soheil Biglari, Habibalah Gandomkar Bagheri
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Endothelial function is impaired because of increased oscillatory and retrograde shear in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is unclear whether low-volume high-intensity interval training and continuous moderate intensity exercise can modulate oscillatory and retrograde shear, blood flow and flow-mediated arterial dilation in these patients. What is the main finding and its importance? We found that low-volume high-intensity interval training, by increasing anterograde shear and decreasing retrograde shear and oscillatory index, can increase nitric oxide production and consequently result in increased flow-mediated dilation and outward arterial remodelling in patients with type 2 diabetes...
June 22, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928698/maternal-exercise-training-attenuates-endotoxin-induced-sepsis-in-mice-offspring
#4
Mami Yamada, Chihiro Hokazono, Mitsuharu Okutsu
Regular exercise during pregnancy can prevent offspring from several diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and type II diabetes during adulthood. However, little information is available about whether maternal exercises during pregnancy protect the offspring from infectious diseases, such as sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). This study aimed to investigate whether maternal exercise training protects the offspring from endotoxin-induced septic shock in mice. Female C57BL/6 mice performed voluntary wheel exercises during pregnancy...
September 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926653/-effects-of-health-qigong-baduanjin-on-diabetes-related-indexes-in-middle-aged-obese-women
#5
Tao Liu, Shi Bai, Rong-Chao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Health Qigong Baduanjin on the related indexes of obese middle aged women with diabetes and to provide new ideas for the intervention treatment of diabetes. METHODS: A total of 40 middle-aged female obese diabetic patients were randomly divided into the control group and the exercise group( n =20), the age was(57.2±5.4) years old. Fitness training group performed eight new Baduanjin exercises for 24 weeks of intervention, the control group did not exercise, body weight, waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), fasting blood glucose (FPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels and serum retinol binding protein 4(RBP4) index were observed in the two groups...
January 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925809/skeletal-muscle-metabolism-in-duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophy-implications-for-therapies
#6
REVIEW
Ahlke Heydemann
The interactions between nutrition and metabolism and skeletal muscle have long been known. Muscle is the major metabolic organ—it consumes more calories than other organs—and therefore, there is a clear need to discuss these interactions and provide some direction for future research areas regarding muscle pathologies. In addition, new experiments and manuscripts continually reveal additional highly intricate, reciprocal interactions between metabolism and muscle. These reciprocal interactions include exercise, age, sex, diet, and pathologies including atrophy, hypoxia, obesity, diabetes, and muscle myopathies...
June 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925691/pan-ampk-activator-o304-improves-glucose-homeostasis-and-microvascular-perfusion-in-mice-and-type-2-diabetes-patients
#7
Pär Steneberg, Emma Lindahl, Ulf Dahl, Emmelie Lidh, Jurate Straseviciene, Fredrik Backlund, Elisabet Kjellkvist, Eva Berggren, Ingela Lundberg, Ingela Bergqvist, Madelene Ericsson, Björn Eriksson, Kajsa Linde, Jacob Westman, Thomas Edlund, Helena Edlund
AMPK activated protein kinase (AMPK), a master regulator of energy homeostasis, is activated in response to an energy shortage imposed by physical activity and caloric restriction. We here report on the identification of PAN-AMPK activator O304, which - in diet-induced obese mice - increased glucose uptake in skeletal muscle, reduced β cell stress, and promoted β cell rest. Accordingly, O304 reduced fasting plasma glucose levels and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in a proof-of-concept phase IIa clinical trial in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients on Metformin...
June 21, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925098/design-and-testing-of-a-smartphone-application-for-real-time-self-tracking-diabetes-self-management-behaviors
#8
Danielle Groat, Hiral Soni, Maria Adela Grando, Bithika Thompson, David Kaufman, Curtiss B Cook
BACKGROUND:  Type 1 diabetes (T1D) care requires multiple daily self-management behaviors (SMBs). Preliminary studies on SMBs rely mainly on self-reported survey and interview data. There is little information on adult T1D SMBs, along with corresponding compensation techniques (CTs), gathered in real-time. OBJECTIVE:  The article aims to use a patient-centered approach to design iDECIDE, a smartphone application that gathers daily diabetes SMBs and CTs related to meal and alcohol intake and exercise in real-time, and contrast patients' actual behaviors against those self-reported with the app...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924476/intact-regulation-of-muscle-expression-and-circulating-levels-of-myokines-in-response-to-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Rugivan Sabaratnam, Andreas J T Pedersen, Jonas M Kristensen, Aase Handberg, Jørgen F P Wojtaszewski, Kurt Højlund
Regular exercise plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The synthesis and secretion of myokines in response to contraction may contribute to the beneficial metabolic effects of exercise. However, some exercise-induced responses may be attenuated in T2D. Here, we investigated whether the effect of acute exercise on selected myokines are impaired in T2D. Skeletal muscle biopsies and blood samples were obtained from 13 men with T2D and 14 weight-matched, glucose-tolerant men before, immediately after and 3-h after acute exercise (60 min cycling) to examine muscle expression and plasma/serum levels of selected myokines...
June 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923910/hypoxic-training-improves-normoxic-glucose-tolerance-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#10
Estelle De Groote, Florian A Britto, Loïc Bullock, Marie François, Carine De Buck, Henri Nielens, Louise Deldicque
PURPOSE: To test whether environmental hypoxia could potentiate the effects of exercise training on glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. METHODS: Fourteen adolescents with obesity were assigned to 6 weeks of exercise training either in normoxic or in hypoxic conditions (FiO2 15%). Adolescents trained 3x/w for 50-60min, including endurance and resistance exercises. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), blood and morphological analyses as well as physical performance tests were performed before and after the training period...
June 20, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923533/diabetes-self-care-activities-among-adults-20-years-and-above-residing-in-a-resettlement-colony-in-east-delhi
#11
Anu Mohandas, S K Bhasin, Madhu Upadhyay, S V Madhu
Background: Self-care activities are the cornerstone of diabetes care that ensures patients participation to achieve optimal glycemic control and to prevent complications. Objective: The aim of this study is to find the level of self-care activities among diabetics aged ≥20 years residing in a resettlement colony in East Delhi and its association with sociodemographic factors, disease, and treatment profile. Methods: Using cross-sectional survey, 168 known diabetic patients were selected from Nand Nagri, a resettlement colony in East Delhi...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920546/antidiabetic-effect-of-euterpe-oleracea-mart-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-extract-and-exercise-training-on-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-a-positive-interaction
#12
Graziele Freitas de Bem, Cristiane Aguiar Costa, Izabelle Barcellos Santos, Viviane da Silva Cristino Cordeiro, Lenize Costa Reis Marins de Carvalho, Marcelo Augusto Vieira de Souza, Ricardo de Andrade Soares, Pergentino José da Cunha Sousa, Dayane Teixeira Ognibene, Angela Castro Resende, Roberto Soares de Moura
A growing body of evidence suggests a protective role of polyphenols and exercise training on the disorders of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to assess the effect of the açaí seed extract (ASE) associated with exercise training on diabetic complications induced by high-fat (HF) diet plus streptozotocin (STZ) in rats. Type 2 diabetes was induced by feeding rats with HF diet (55% fat) for 5 weeks and a single dose of STZ (35 mg/kg i.p.). Control (C) and Diabetic (D) animals were subdivided into four groups each: Sedentary, Training, ASE Sedentary, and ASE Training...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910604/ampk-as160-mediates-tiliroside-derivatives-stimulated-glut4-translocation-in-muscle-cells
#13
Chang Zhang, Yue Jiang, Jia Liu, Meina Jin, Nan Qin, Ying Chen, Wenyan Niu, Hongquan Duan
Introduction: The Chinese herb Potentilla chinensis can reduce blood glucose level of diabetic mice. Tiliroside is the main effective component, but the detailed mechanism is not clear. Skeletal muscles play an important role in whole body glucose homeostasis. Insulin and exercise/contraction stimulate glucose uptake by muscle cells via redistribution of glucose transporter GLUT4 to the cell surface. Materials and methods: We explored the effects of tiliroside derivatives on cell surface GLUT4 level (GLUT4 translocation) and the underlying mechanism in L6-GLUT4 myc muscle cells...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909966/we-can-work-it-out-together-type-1-diabetes-boot-camp-for-adult-patients-and-providers-improves-exercise-self-efficacy
#14
Rebecca A Dyck, Nora J Kleinman, Deanna Raelene Funk, Roseanne O Yeung, Peter Senior, Jane Elizabeth Yardley
OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to use education sessions and exercise classes to improve exercise self-efficacy in individuals with type 1 diabetes and in diabetes care providers (DCPs). METHODS: We recruited 12 adults with type 1 diabetes and 12 DCPs who participated in 4 weekly group sessions to learn about exercise physiology and to experience various exercise types. We provided participants who had type 1 diabetes with real-time continuous glucose monitors and heart rate monitors to enhance experiential learning...
February 21, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909933/community-pharmacist-led-employer-based-wellness-services-a-pilot-study
#15
Justin Gatwood, Rhonda Hanley, Joe S Moore, Kenneth Hohmeier
The emphasis that United States employers are placing on employee wellness continues to grow; however, most attention has been paid to larger firms to gauge return-on-investment from a larger pool of enrollees. With fewer resources available to fund expansive wellness programs, smaller businesses need a cost-effective mechanism to provide such benefits. As the most accessible healthcare provider, community pharmacists are in an ideal position to support certain wellness programs for smaller businesses. This research piloted a community pharmacist-led, employer-sponsored wellness program for a self-insured financial services company in Tennessee...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909767/-sport-as-applied-therapy-in-patients-with-schizophrenic-psychoses
#16
Simon Manuel Ewers, Malte Christian Claussen
Sport as applied therapy in patients with schizophrenic psychoses Abstract. Schizophrenic psychoses are serious mental illnesses associated with low life expectancy compared with healthy individuals and other psychiatric disorders. Overweight and associated health problems such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and smoking-associated lung disease have been shown to be risk factors related to high mortality. Low physical activity and increased sedentary behavior have been identified as the most important behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in people with schizophrenia...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907153/comparison-of-two-low-fat-diets-differing-in-protein-and-carbohydrate-on-psychological-wellbeing-in-adults-with-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#17
Nerylee Ann Watson, Kathryn Ann Dyer, Jonathan David Buckley, Grant David Brinkworth, Alison Mary Coates, Gaynor Parfitt, Peter Ranald Charles Howe, Manny Noakes, Karen Joy Murphy
BACKGROUND: Although higher-protein diets (HP) can assist with weight loss and glycemic control, their effect on psychological wellbeing has not been established. The objective of this study was to compare the effects of a HP and a higher-carbohydrate diet (HC), combined with regular exercise, on psychological wellbeing both during weight loss (WL) and weight maintenance phases (WM). METHODS: In a parallel RCT, 61 adults with T2D (mean ± SD: BMI 34.3 ± 5...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903302/-related-factors-for-early-onset-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-of-rural-adults-in-yuhuan-county-of-zhejiang-province-in-2012
#18
Meifang Su, Xiaoying Chen, Tian Xiao, Songtao Li, Xuhua Ying, Qingwu Jiang, Chaowei Fu
OBJECTIVE: To explore related factors for early-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus( EOD) in rural Chinese adults. METHODS: Totally, 1695 newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus( T2DM) were recruited from baseline survey of Yuhuan Rural Adults Cohort for Diabetes during June to December 2012 in Yuhuan County, Zhejiang Province, China, and divided into EOD or late-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus( LOD) with their diagnosis age at ≤ 40 or > 40 years, respectively...
September 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903275/-effects-of-exercise-intervention-on-the-relationship-between-kcnj11-gene-polymorphism-and-glucose-and-lipid-metabolism-in-pre-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Peiwei Hou, Fangqing Yu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of exercise intervention on the relationship between KCNJ11 gene polymorphism and glycolipid metabolism in pre-diabetic population. METHODS: From January 2017 to March 2017, 5 communities were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method in Liaocheng City, Shandong Province, and 46 cases of pre-diabetes'data were collected through public welfare physical examination activities. The exercise intervention was performed for 8 weeks with their consent and cooperation...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902224/premorbid-risk-perception-lifestyle-adherence-and-coping-strategies-of-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-phenomenological-study-in-the-brong-ahafo-region-of-ghana
#20
Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Vitalis Bawontuo, Doris Ningwiebe Dumah, Joseph Maaminu Kyilleh, Tolgou Yempabe
BACKGROUND: One of the non-communicable diseases which is on the rise is type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D is largely preventable with healthy lifestyle. We therefore conducted this study to explore premorbid perception of risk, behavioural practices and the coping strategies of patients with T2D. METHODS: Using descriptive phenomenology approach to qualitative enquiry, we conducted eight focus group discussions (N = 73) with diabetic patients; four among males (N = 36) and four among females (N = 37)...
2018: PloS One
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