keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

exercise and diabetes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433617/induced-and-controlled-dietary-ketosis-as-a-regulator-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-pathologies
#1
Madeline K Gibas, Kelly J Gibas
A worsening epidemic of diabetes and its precursor, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is engulfing America. A healthy individual, with proper glucose regulation has an ability to switch between burning fat and carbohydrates. It has been suggested that signaling errors within this homeostatic system, characterized by impaired switching of substrate oxidation from glucose to fat in response to insulin, can contribute to the etiology of metabolic syndrome and occurs before the development of type II diabetes. Glucose regulation with restored insulin sensitivity facilitated through clinically regulated, benign dietary ketosis (BDK), may significantly reduce, regulate and reverse the adverse pathologies common to MetS and obesity...
March 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432115/effects-of-exercise-on-vascular-function-structure-and-health-in-humans
#2
Daniel J Green, Kurt J Smith
Physical activity has profound impacts on the vasculature in humans. Acute exercise induces immediate changes in artery function, whereas repeated episodic bouts of exercise induce chronic functional adaptation and, ultimately, structural arterial remodeling. The nature of these changes in function and structure are dependent on the characteristics of the training load and may be modulated by other factors such as exercise-induced inflammation and oxidative stress. The clinical implications of these physiological adaptations are profound...
April 21, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429777/interleukin-6-increases-the-expression-and-activity-of-insulin-degrading-enzyme
#3
Mirian A Kurauti, José M Costa-Júnior, Sandra M Ferreira, Gustavo J Santos, Carlos H G Sponton, Everardo M Carneiro, Guilherme D Telles, Mara P T Chacon-Mikahil, Cláudia R Cavaglieri, Luiz F Rezende, Antonio C Boschero
Impairment of the insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Here, we used 4-mo-old male C57BL/6 interleukin-6 (IL-6) knockout mice (KO) to investigate the role of this cytokine on IDE expression and activity. IL-6 KO mice displayed lower insulin clearance in the liver and skeletal muscle, compared with wild type (WT), due to reduced IDE expression and activity. We also observed that after 3-h incubation, IL-6, 50 and 100 ng ml(-1), increased the expression of IDE in HEPG2 and C2C12 cells, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429555/management-of-mineral-and-bone-disorders-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#4
Matthew J Damasiewicz, Peter R Ebeling
The management of post-transplantation bone disease is a complex problem that remains under-appreciated in clinical practice. In these patients, pre-existing metabolic bone disorder is further impacted by the use of immunosuppressive medications (glucocorticoids and calcineurin-inhibitors), variable post-transplantation renal allograft function and post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. The treatment of post-transplantation bone loss should begin pre-transplantation. All patients active on transplant waiting lists should be screened for bone disease...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429194/photobiomodulation-therapy-associated-with-treadmill-training-in-the-oxidative-stress-in-a-collagen-induced-arthritis-model
#5
Solange Almeida Dos Santos, Marcia Ataize Dos Santos Vieira, Maira Cécilia Brandão Simões, Andrey Jorge Serra, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by chronic and systemic inflammation, which leads to the destruction of the cartilage and bone and affects tissues in multiple joints. Oxidative stress has been implicated with regards to involvement in various disease conditions, such as diabetes mellitus and neurodegenerative, respiratory, cardiovascular, and RA diseases. In vivo experimental studies using photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) have shown positive effects in reducing lipid peroxidation and in increasing antioxidant activity...
April 21, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428728/randomized-face-to-face-vs-home-exercise-interventions-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#6
Danielle Symons Downs, Jennifer M Dinallo, Leann L Birch, Ian M Paul, Jan S Ulbrecht
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate effects of a theoretically-based, semi-intensive (Face-to-Face; F2F) exercise intervention and minimum-contact (Home) exercise intervention to the standard care (Control) on exercise, its motivational determinants, blood glucose levels, and insulin use of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized control trial with two intervention arms and control (standard care). METHOD: Participants (N=65) were randomized to a Control (standard prenatal care/GDM dietary counseling), Home (standard care + phone education/support + home exercise), or F2F (standard care + on-site education/support + guided exercise with instructor on 2 days/week) group from ~20 weeks gestation to delivery...
May 2017: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425181/effects-of-different-aerobic-exercise-frequencies-on%C3%A2-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-type-2-diabetic-rats-continuous-versus-short-bouts-and-weekend-warrior-exercises
#7
Nuray Alaca, Serap Uslu, Guldal Gulec Suyen, Umit Ince, Mustafa Serteser, Hızır Kurtel
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is known to exert multiple beneficial effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In this study, we aimed at exploring the effects of aerobic exercise frequencies on diabetic parameters, the histopathological structure of skeletal muscle, diabetic myopathy and mitochondrial enzyme activities in an experimental model of T2DM. METHODS: T2DM was induced by using nicotinamide (110 mg/kg) and streptozotocin (65 mg/kg) in Sprague Dawley rats (n: 35)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425092/coffee-consumption-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-by-anatomical-subsite-in-japan-results-from-the-herpacc-studies
#8
Hiroko Senda Nakagawa, Hidemi Ito, Satoyo Hosono, Isao Oze, Hideo Tanaka, Keitaro Matsuo
Consumption of coffee, a popular beverage worldwide, has been associated with lower colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Although CRC exhibits different biological characteristics by anatomical subsite, the possibly heterogeneous impact of coffee on CRC by anatomical subsite has remained unclear. Here, we conducted two case-control studies to examine the association between coffee consumption and CRC risk as well as risk by anatomic subsite among Japanese using data from the Hospital-based Epidemiological Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center I and II (HERPACC-I and II)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423969/process-evaluation-of-the-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-pulse-program-randomized-controlled-trial-recruitment-engagement-and-overall-satisfaction
#9
Elroy J Aguiar, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Myles D Young, Robin Callister
BACKGROUND: Men are underrepresented in weight loss and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention studies. PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of recruitment, and acceptability of the T2DM Prevention Using LifeStyle Education (PULSE) Program-a gender-targeted, self-administered intervention for men. METHODS: Men (18-65 years, high risk for T2DM) were randomized to intervention ( n = 53) or wait-list control groups ( n = 48). The 6-month PULSE Program intervention focused on weight loss, diet, and exercise for T2DM prevention...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423082/comparative-analysis-of-two-different-models-of-swimming-applied-to-pregnant-rats-born-small-for-pregnant-age
#10
Silvana B Corvino, Débora C Damasceno, Yuri K Sinzato, Aline O Netto, Nathália C D Macedo, Elena Zambrano, Gustavo T Volpato
The aim of this study was to compare two models of swimming applied to pregnant rats born small for pregnancy age (SPA). Diabetes was chemically induced in adult female rats to develop an inadequate intrauterine environment, leading to birth of a SPA offspring. In adulthood, the female SPA rats were mated and submitted to different swimming programs. The exercise program 1 (Ex1) consisted of swimming for 15 minutes, followed by 15 minutes of rest and another 15 minutes of swimming, 3 days a week before and during pregnancy...
January 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420762/resting-heart-rate-variability-and-exercise-capacity-in-type-1-diabetes
#11
Luke C Wilson, Karen C Peebles, Neil A Hoye, Patrick Manning, Catherine Sheat, Michael J A Williams, Gerard T Wilkins, Genevieve A Wilson, James C Baldi
People with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have lower exercise capacity (V̇O2max) than their age-matched nondiabetic counterparts (CON), which might be related to cardiac autonomic dysfunction. We examined whether Heart Rate Variability (HRV; indicator of cardiac autonomic modulation) was associated with exercise capacity in those with and without T1D. Twenty-three participants with uncomplicated T1D and 17 matched CON were recruited. Heart rate (HR; ECG), blood pressure (BP; finger photo-plethysmography), and respiratory rate (respiratory belt) were measured during baseline, paced-breathing and clinical autonomic reflex tests (CARTs); deep breathing, lying-to-stand, and Valsalva maneuver...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420673/a-single-bout-of-high-intensity-interval-training-reduces-awareness-of-subsequent-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Hanne M Rooijackers, Evita C Wiegers, Marinette van der Graaf, Dick H Thijssen, Roy P C Kessels, Cees J Tack, Bastiaan E de Galan
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) gains increasing popularity in patients with diabetes. HIIT acutely increases plasma lactate levels. This may be important, since administration of lactate during hypoglycemia suppresses symptoms and counterregulation, whilst preserving cognitive function. We tested the hypothesis that HIIT acutely reduces awareness of hypoglycemia and attenuates hypoglycemia-induced cognitive dysfunction. In a randomized crossover trial, patients with type 1 diabetes and normal awareness of hypoglycemia (NAH), patients with impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH), and healthy participants (n=10 per group) underwent a hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemic (2...
April 18, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420250/the-european-association-of-preventive-cardiology-exercise-prescription-in-everyday-practice-and-rehabilitative-training-expert-tool-a-digital-training-and-decision-support-system-for-optimized-exercise-prescription-in-cardiovascular-disease-concept-definitions
#13
Dominique Hansen, Paul Dendale, Karin Coninx, Luc Vanhees, Massimo F Piepoli, Josef Niebauer, Veronique Cornelissen, Roberto Pedretti, Eva Geurts, Gustavo R Ruiz, Ugo Corrà, Jean-Paul Schmid, Eugenio Greco, Constantinos H Davos, Frank Edelmann, Ana Abreu, Bernhard Rauch, Marco Ambrosetti, Simona S Braga, Olga Barna, Paul Beckers, Maurizio Bussotti, Robert Fagard, Pompilio Faggiano, Esteban Garcia-Porrero, Evangelia Kouidi, Michel Lamotte, Daniel Neunhäuserer, Rona Reibis, Martijn A Spruit, Christoph Stettler, Tim Takken, Cajsa Tonoli, Carlo Vigorito, Heinz Völler, Patrick Doherty
Background Exercise rehabilitation is highly recommended by current guidelines on prevention of cardiovascular disease, but its implementation is still poor. Many clinicians experience difficulties in prescribing exercise in the presence of different concomitant cardiovascular diseases and risk factors within the same patient. It was aimed to develop a digital training and decision support system for exercise prescription in cardiovascular disease patients in clinical practice: the European Association of Preventive Cardiology Exercise Prescription in Everyday Practice and Rehabilitative Training (EXPERT) tool...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416496/long-term-cost-reduction-of-routine-medications-following-a-residential-programme-combining-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Walther, Robert Chapier, Bruno Lesourd, Geraldine Naughton, Bruno Pereira, Martine Duclos, Agnès Vinet, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix, Frédéric Dutheil
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that lifestyle modifications will reduce the cost of routine medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), through a mechanism involving glycaemic control. DESIGN: A within-trial cost-medication analysis with a 1-year time horizon. SETTING: Controlled environment within the spa resort of Chatel-Guyon, France. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-nine participants (aged 50-70 years) with T2D. INTERVENTIONS: A 1-year follow-up intervention, beginning with a 3-week residential programme combining high exercise volume (15-20 hours/week), restrictive diet (-500 kcal/day) and education...
April 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416165/influence-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-prediction-and-timing-of-cardiac-events-after-exercise-echocardiogram-testing-without-ischemia
#15
Sonia Velasco Del Castillo, Ane Antón Ladislao, Verónica Gómez Sánchez, José Juan Onaindia Gandarias, Ángela Cacicedo Fernández de Bobadilla, Ibon Rodríguez Sánchez, Eva Laraudogoitia Zaldumbide
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: There have been no analyses of the influence of cardiovascular risk as a predictor of events in patients with exercise echocardiography (EE) without ischemia. Our objective was to determine the predictors of cardiac events, paying special attention to cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This study included 1640 patients with EE without ischemia. Of these, there were 1206 with no previously known coronary artery disease (CAD), whose risk of a fatal cardiovascular disease event was estimated according to the European SCORE (Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation) risk assessment system, and 434 with known CAD...
April 13, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415143/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-women-at-risk-for-gestational-diabetes
#16
Elina Engberg, Heikki O Tikkanen, Anne Koponen, Harriet Hägglund, Katriina Kukkonen-Harjula, Aila Tiitinen, Juha E Peltonen, Maritta Pöyhönen-Alho
This study examined the associations of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in women at risk for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The participants were 39 women planning pregnancy with a history of GDM and/or BMI > 29 kg·m(-2) . We assessed CRF by measuring maximal oxygen consumption (O2max ) during incremental cycle ergometer exercise until voluntary fatigue. LTPA was self-reported, and HRQoL assessed with the SF-36 Health Survey (SF-36)...
April 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414072/resistance-training-is-associated-with-spontaneous-changes-in-aerobic-physical-activity-but-not-overall-diet-quality-in-adults-with-prediabetes
#17
Tanya M Halliday, Jyoti Savla, Elaina L Marinik, Valisa E Hedrick, Richard A Winett, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise interventions have been shown to result in alterations to dietary intake and non-exercise physical activity (PA). To date, the ability for resistance training (RT) to influence other health-related behaviors has not been examined. This study aimed to determine if initiation and maintenance of RT is associated with spontaneous changes in dietary quality and non-RT PA in adults with prediabetes. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults (n=170, BMI=32...
April 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414064/obesity-in-coronary-heart-disease-an-unaddressed-behavioral-risk-factor
#18
Philip A Ades, Patrick D Savage
Obesity is an independent risk factor for the development and progression of coronary heart disease (CHD). Over 80% of patients with CHD are overweight or obese. While obesity is often considered a relatively "minor" CHD risk factor, weight loss is a broadly effective risk-factor intervention. Weight loss can profoundly influence a number of "major" risk factors including: hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance/type 2 diabetes mellitus. Despite its prominence as a risk factor most cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs do not have a specific, targeted intervention to assist patients with weight loss...
April 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412822/determinants-of-lifestyle-behavior-in-iranian-adults-with-prediabetes-applying-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Amir H Pakpour, Mohsen Saffari, Mahboobeh Sadat Hosseini, Fereshteh Hajizadeh, Hui Chen, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad
OBJECTIVE: Prediabetic condition can lead to development of type 2 diabetes, especially in individuals who do not adhere to a healthy lifestyle. The aim of the present study was to investigate the socio-cognitive factors using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) that may be associated with the choice of lifestyle in prediabetic patients. METHODS: A prospective study with one-month follow up was designed to collect data from 350 individuals with prediabetic conditions...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412684/clinical-application-analysis-of-continuing-nursing-in-nursing-service-for-diabetic-patients
#20
Qiaohong Yang, Liming You, Jiewei Huang, Qingling Chen, Miaona Li, Frances KamYuet Wong
The research is to establish a Continuing Nursing Project after discharge which conforming to the actual conditions of our country and explore whether such Continuing Nursing Project could effectively improve therapy compliance and blood glucose control of diabetic patients. METHODS: mainly analyzing pathological mechanisms of diabetic patients and exploring the clinical effect and the complication after implementing Continuing Nursing to patients. RESULTS: after implementing Continuing Nursing, the diabetic patients could be better at controlling their diet, the drug usage rate and exercise rate have been improved significantly, complication rate have been decreased and the clinical effect is remarkable...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
keyword
keyword
30087
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"