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Exercise obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054470/circulating-adiponectin-increases-in-obese-women-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-or-gastric-bypass-driving-beneficial-metabolic-changes-but%C3%A2-with-no-relationship-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#1
Jesús M Gómez-Martin, José A Balsa, Enrique Aracil, María Insenser, Pablo Priego, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale, José I Botella-Carretero
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Obesity surgery induces beneficial effects in metabolic and cardiovascular parameters. Adiponectin increase might be associated with some of these changes. However, direct comparison between different surgical techniques has not been extensively performed. METHODS: We studied 20 obese women submitted to laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 20 to sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Twenty control women matched for age and baseline metabolic profiles were also included...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053575/the-impact-of-a-weight-loss-intervention-on-diet-quality-and-eating-behaviours-in-people-with-obesity-and-copd
#2
Rebecca F McLoughlin, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter G Gibson, Hayley A Scott, Michael J Hensley, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks, Lisa G Wood
There is a paucity of evidence to guide clinicians about appropriate management strategies for people with obesity and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We have recently published results from the first weight loss intervention in adults (>18 years) with obesity (body mass index; BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²) and COPD, using a low-calorie diet coupled with a partial meal replacement plan and resistance exercise training, which resulted in a 6.4% reduction in weight while maintaining skeletal muscle mass and improving health status...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052905/metabolic-changes-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-during-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Koji Mitsuzuka, Yoichi Arai
Androgen deprivation therapy continues to be widely used for the treatment of prostate cancer despite the appearance of new-generation androgen-receptor targeting drugs after 2000. Androgen deprivation therapy can alleviate symptoms in patients with metastatic prostate cancer and might have a survival benefit in some patients, but it causes undesirable changes in lipid, glucose, muscle or bone metabolism. These metabolic changes could lead to new onset or worsening of diseases, such as obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, sarcopenia or fracture...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052519/circuit-training-enhances-function-in-patients-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Wei-Bin Hsu, Wun-Jer Shen, Zin-Rong Lin, Shr-Hsin Chang, Robert Wen-Wei Hsu
BACKGROUND: The number of patients receiving total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been rising every year due to the aging population and the obesity epidemic. Post-operative rehabilitation is important for the outcome of TKA. METHODS: A series of 34 patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA was retrospectively collected and divided into either exercise group (n = 16) and control group (n = 18). The exercise group underwent a 24-week course of circuit training beginning 3 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050636/targeting-self-regulation-to-promote-health-behaviors-in-children
#5
Alison L Miller, Ashley N Gearhardt, Emily M Fredericks, Benjamin Katz, Lilly Fink Shapiro, Kelsie Holden, Niko Kaciroti, Richard Gonzalez, Christine Hunter, Julie C Lumeng
Poor self-regulation (i.e., inability to harness cognitive, emotional, motivational resources to achieve goals) is hypothesized to contribute to unhealthy behaviors across the lifespan. Enhancing early self-regulation may increase positive health outcomes. Obesity is a major public health concern with early-emerging precursors related to self-regulation; it is therefore a good model for understanding self-regulation and health behavior. Preadolescence is a transition when children increase autonomy in health behaviors (e...
September 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049180/the-effect-of-care-intervention-for-obese-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#6
Xuelian Jiang, Xiyun Fan, Rui Wu, Fengqin Geng, Chenping Hu
The incidence of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is increasing worldwide and affecting the quality of people's life. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of care intervention on body weight and glycemic parameters in obese T2DM patients.One hundred twenty-six obese T2DM cases were randomly divided into 2 groups. Patients in control group received conventional care, while patients in the intervention group received dietary, exercise, and psychology interventions on the basis of conventional care. Twelve months follow-up was performed to compare the changes of body weight and glycemic parameters in the 2 groups...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049041/the-impact-of-lifestyle-intervention-on-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Kathryn L Hong, Benedict M Glover
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, attributable to several factors that may be amenable through lifestyle modification. There is emerging evidence to suggest that the successful management of several cardiovascular risk factors [obesity, hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)] can lead to fewer complications and atrial fibrillation prevention. However, the long-term sustainability and reproducibility of these effects have yet to be explored in larger studies...
October 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045326/the-effects-of-acute-interval-exercise-and-strawberry-intake-on-postprandial-lipemia
#8
Alasdair F O'Doherty, Huw S Jones, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Lee Ingle, Sean Carroll
PURPOSE: Raised postprandial triglycerides (TAG) and related oxidative stresses are strongly associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Acute exercise and strawberry ingestion independently ameliorate postprandial lipid excursions and oxidative stress. However, the combined effects of these lifestyle interventions are unknown. We investigated whether acute exercise and strawberry consumption improved postprandial responses to an oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) in overweight/obese males...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045079/improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-over-3%C3%A2-years-with-liraglutide-3-0%C3%A2-mg-compared-with-placebo-in-participants-with-overweight-or-obesity
#9
R L Kolotkin, B Gabriel Smolarz, H H Meincke, K Fujioka
Previously in the SCALE Obesity and Prediabetes trial, at 1 year, participants with obesity (or overweight with comorbidities) and prediabetes receiving liraglutide 3.0 mg experienced greater improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) than those receiving placebo. The current study extends these findings by examining 3-year changes in HRQoL. HRQoL was assessed using the obesity-specific Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite (IWQOL-Lite) questionnaire, as well as the Short-Form 36 v2 (SF-36) health survey...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044196/exercise-and-high-fat-feeding-remodel-transcript-metabolite-interactive-networks-in-mouse-skeletal-muscle
#10
Joaquín Pérez-Schindler, Aditi Kanhere, Lindsay Edwards, J William Allwood, Warwick B Dunn, Simon Schenk, Andrew Philp
Enhanced coverage and sensitivity of next-generation 'omic' platforms has allowed the characterization of gene, metabolite and protein responses in highly metabolic tissues, such as, skeletal muscle. A limitation, however, is the capability to determine interaction between dynamic biological networks. To address this limitation, we applied Weighted Analyte Correlation Network Analysis (WACNA) to RNA-seq and metabolomic datasets to identify correlated subnetworks of transcripts and metabolites in response to a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and/or exercise...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042415/long-term-effects-of-weight-loss-exercise-on-biomarkers-associated-with-angiogenesis
#11
Catherine Duggan, Jean de Dieu Tapsoba, Ching-Yun Wang, Karen E Foster-Schubert, Anne McTiernan
BACKGROUND: We tested the effect of weight-loss on circulating levels of the angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) in postmenopausal overweight/obese women, 18 months after completing a year-long 4-arm randomized controlled trial of behavioral weight-loss and/or exercise vs. control (i.e., 30-months post-randomization). METHODS: 439 overweight/obese, postmenopausal women, 50-75 years, were randomized to: diet (goal: 10% weight-loss, N=118), exercise (225 min/week moderate-to-vigorous activity, N=117), diet+exercise (N=117), or control (N=87)...
October 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038723/survey-of-awareness-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-arar-population-northern-border-region-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Aseel Menwer Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Hanan Khalid Alotaibi, Khalid Ayed Alanazi, Banan Khalid Alotaibi, Sultan Majed Alshammari, Saud Rteamy Alanazi, Meshari Dalaf Alhazmi, Yousef Talal Alshammari, Zaid Qati Alshammari
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most widely prevalent diseases in Saudi Arabia. Health education is considered an essential component to improve knowledge and change behavior. People affected by diabetes often have inadequate knowledge about the nature of diabetes, its risk factors and associated complication. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness of the Arar population with various aspects of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Arar city, the capital of the Northern Province of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038363/moderate-exercise-training-does-not-prevent-the-reduction-in-myocardial-l-type-ca-2-channels-protein-expression-at-obese-rats
#13
Vitor L da Silva, Ana P Lima-Leopoldo, Artur J T Ferron, Jóctan P Cordeiro, Paula P Freire, Dijon H S de Campos, Carlos R Padovani, Mário M Sugizaki, Antonio C Cicogna, André S Leopoldo
Authors have showed that obesity implicates cardiac dysfunction associated with myocardial L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) activity impairments, as well as moderate exercise training (MET) seems to be an important therapeutic tool. We tested the hypothesis that MET promotes improvements on LTCCS activity and protein expression at obesity induced by unsaturated high-fat diets, which could represent a protective effects against development of cardiovascular damage. Male Wistar rats were randomized in control (C, n = 40), which received a standard diet and obese (Ob; n = 40), which received high-fat diet...
October 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038285/metabolic-effects-of-diet-and-exercise-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-ckd-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
T Alp Ikizler, Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Charles Ellis, Samuel A E Headley, Katherine Tuttle, Richard J Wood, Elizabeth Elspeth Evans, Charles M Milch, Kelsey Anne Moody, Michael Germain, Chutatip Limkunakul, Aihua Bian, Thomas G Stewart, Jonathan Himmelfarb
CKD is steadily increasing along with obesity worldwide. Furthermore, obesity is a proinflammatory risk factor for progression of CKD and cardiovascular disease. We tested the hypothesis that implementation of caloric restriction and aerobic exercise is feasible and can improve the proinflammatory metabolic milieu in patients with moderate to severe CKD through a pilot, randomized, 2×2 factorial design trial. Of 122 participants consented, 111 were randomized to receive caloric restriction and aerobic exercise, caloric restriction alone, aerobic exercise alone, or usual care...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037238/developing-dimensions-for-a-multicomponent-multidisciplinary-approach-to-obesity-management-a-qualitative-study
#15
Anita J Cochrane, Bob Dick, Neil A King, Andrew P Hills, David J Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: There have been consistent recommendations for multicomponent and multidisciplinary approaches for obesity management. However, there is no clear agreement on the components, disciplines or processes to be considered within such an approach. In this study, we explored multicomponent and multidisciplinary approaches through an examination of knowledge, skills, beliefs, and recommendations of stakeholders involved in obesity management. These stakeholders included researchers, practitioners, educators, and patients...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037105/the-role-of-female-obesity-on-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes
#16
Miro Kasum, Slavko Orešković, Ermin Čehić, Albert Lila, Emina Ejubović, Dragan Soldo
The aim of this review is to analyze the role of obesity on fertility outcome in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) with respect to clinical or live birth rates and pregnancy loss rates. Despite findings from several earlier and newer studies that obesity does not adversely affect pregnancy outcome in women attempting conception, numerous reports from mostly recent studies suggest that obesity undoubtedly impairs IVF outcomes. Obesity impairs ovarian responsiveness to gonadotrophin stimulation, requiring higher doses of medication, increased risk of cycle cancelation, pre-term delivery, low birth weight or miscarriage, and decreases implantation, clinical pregnancy or live birth rates compared to women of normal weight...
October 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036776/lifestyle-risk-factors-and-corresponding-levels-of-clinical-advice-and-counselling-in-general-practice
#17
Jessica Beattie, Marley Binder, Christopher Harrison, Graeme C Miller, Daryl Pedler
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine prevalence rates of lifestyle risk factors in the Western Victorian Primary Health Network (WV PHN) general practice patient population and the corresponding levels of clinical advice and counselling. METHODS: Analysed data from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) program from April 2011 to March 2015 were examined, providing a comparison of three geographical areas of general practice patients: WV PHN, Victoria and Australia...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036763/effect-of-treadmill-exercise-on-skeletal-muscle-autophagy-in-rats-with-obesity-induced-by-a-high-fat-diet
#18
Do Keun Cho, Dong Hun Choi, Joon Yong Cho
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of treadmill exercise on body weight, blood biochemistry, and autophagy. METHODS: Triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, insulin, and glucose levels were measured, the Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) score was calculated, and the soleus muscle was analyzed for autophagy-related factors (Beclin-1, p62, LC3, Lamp-2) in rats with obesity induced by a high-fat diet...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036762/low-intensity-aerobic-exercise-training-inhibition-of-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-in-high-fat-diet-induced-ovariectomized-rats
#19
Hye Jin Kim, Won Jun Lee
PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women are highly susceptible to diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, or skeletal muscle atrophy and many people recognize the need for regular physical activity. Aerobic exercise training is known to improve the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles. This study aimed to investigate the role of low-intensity aerobic exercise training on skeletal muscle protein degradation or synthesis in the plantaris muscles of high-fat-fed ovariectomized rats...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036761/effects-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-n-3-and-resistance-training-on-muscle-quality-and-expression-of-atrophy-related-ubiquitin-ligases-in-middle-aged-mice-with-high-fat-dietinduced-obesity
#20
Seung-Lyul Oh, Sang-Rok Lee, Jeong-Su Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)/n-3 supplements and resistance exercise training (RT) for 20 weeks on muscle quality and genes related to protein synthesis/degradation in middle-aged mice with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. METHODS: Nine-month-old C57BL/6 male mice were randomly assigned to five groups: 1) normal diet (C), 2) high-fat diet (H), 3) H+RT (HRT), 4) H+CLA/n-3 (H-CN), and 5) H+RT+CLA/n-3 (H-RTCN). HFD groups were given a diet containing 60% fat for 20 weeks, and exercised groups underwent progressive RT using weighted ladder climbing...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
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