keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

physical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169189/lifelong-voluntary-exercise-modulates-age-related-changes-in-oxidative-stress
#1
Mohamed Amine Bouzid, Edith Filaire, Régis Matran, Sophie Robin, Claudine Fabre
The hypothesis that aging and regular physical activity could influence oxidative stress has been studied by comparing antioxidant activities (superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione reductase (GR), ascorbic acid and α-Tocopherol) and malondialdehyde level (MDA) in four groups: young sedentary (n=15; age: 20.3±2.8 years; YS), young active (n=16; age: 21.4±1.9 years; YA), old sedentary (n=15; age: 65.1±3.5 years; OS) and old active (n=17; age: 67.2±4.8 years; OA). Antioxidant activities and MDA level were assessed at rest and after an incremental exercise...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169188/cardiac-autonomic-function-cardiovascular-risk-and-physical-activity-in-adolescents
#2
Ricardo S Oliveira, Alan R Barker, Craig Anthony Williams
The aims of this study were to investigate in adolescents: 1) the relationships of physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to traditional CVD risk factors, rest and recovery autonomic function; and 2) whether autonomic function strengthens the associations between PA, CRF and CVD risk. Fifty-four (22 girls) adolescents had traditional CVD risk factors, rest and recovery autonomic function evaluated. CRF was measured using a steep ramp cycle test and PA was assessed with accelerometers. Resting HRV (and RMSSD30) and heart rate recovery (T30, HHRτ) were used...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169093/the-removal-of-fluoride-from-aqueous-solution-by-a-lateritic-soil-adsorption-kinetic-and-equilibrium-studies
#3
Analia Iriel, Stijn P Bruneel, Nahuel Schenone, Alicia Fernández Cirelli
The use of natural sorbents to remove fluoride from drinking water is a promising alternative because of its low-cost and easy implementation. In this article, fluoride adsorption on a latosol soil from Misiones province (Argentina) was studied regarding kinetic and equilibrium aspects. Experiments were conducted in batch at room temperature under controlled conditions of pH 4-8) and ionic strength (1-10mM KNO3). Experimental data indicated that adsorption processes followed a PSO kinetic where initial rates have showed to be influenced by pH solution...
November 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169073/difficulty-of-confining-recalcitrant-tuberculosis-patients-in-isolation-wards-in-japan-2013-2014
#4
Y Nagata, M Ota, E Saito
OBJECTIVES: In Japan, approximately 7000 smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) cases were reported in 2014. According to the law, such patients must be isolated in a TB ward until they become at least sputum smear-negative. However, there are some recalcitrant patients who are difficult to isolate because of problematic behaviors. This study was conducted to characterize recalcitrant TB patients and determine why they left the hospitals and how they were followed up after they left. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
November 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169067/the-role-of-personal-resilience-and-personality-traits-of-healthcare-students-on-their-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-collaboration
#5
Michal Avrech Bar, Michal Katz Leurer, Sigalit Warshawski, Michal Itzhaki
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) improves communication between healthcare workers and healthcare delivery. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential in preparing healthcare students for cooperating with other healthcare disciplines in a real work setting. Although higher education settings have a responsibility to provide collaborative healthcare practice to students, IPE has not yet been prompted worldwide as a formal division in health professional education and in Israel IPE among health professions students is scarce...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169053/titania-lignin-hybrid-materials-as-a-novel-support-for-%C3%AE-amylase-immobilization-a-comprehensive-study
#6
Łukasz Klapiszewski, Jakub Zdarta, Teofil Jesionowski
α-Amylase from Aspergillus oryzae was immobilized via covalent bonds and by physical interactions on a synthesized titania/lignin novel hybrid support. A temperature of 5°C, a pH of 7.0, an initial enzyme solution concentration of 3.0mg/mL and a 3h process duration were found to be optimal for the highest activity of the immobilized enzyme. Moreover, the effect of temperature, pH, storage time and repeated catalytic cycles on the activity of free and immobilized enzyme was examined. Bound α-amylase showed enhanced thermal and chemical stability, and its reusability was also improved...
November 20, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168999/investigating-the-perceived-benefits-barriers-and-beliefs-towards-physical-activity-in-pregnancy-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
C Hurst, C Flannery, M Byrne, P M Kearney, F Dunne, M O'Riordan, J C Walsh
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern and poses serious health risks to both mother and child1. The current study explores the psychological determinants of exercise behaviour in a sample of pregnant women with GDM. A cross-sectional survey design was employed to examine exercise behaviour, illness perceptions, perceived barriers and benefits, exercise beliefs, and exercise self-efficacy using validated questionnaires. A sample of 46 pregnant women was recruited from University College Hospital Galway, Letterkenny General Hospital, Cork University Hospital and Mayo General Hospital in Castlebar...
August 12, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168987/independent-predictors-of-effective-blood-pressure-control-in-patients-with-hypertension-on-drug-treatment-in-brazil
#8
Francisco Flavio Costa Filho, Ari Timerman, Jose Francisco Kerr Saraiva, Carlos Costa Magalhaes, Ibraim Masciarelli F Pinto, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Antonio Cordeiro Mattos, Alvaro Avezum
Population assessment of effective blood pressure (BP) control is fundamental for reducing the global burden of hypertension, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The authors evaluated the effectiveness of BP control and determined independent predictors associated with effective control among patients with hypertension on drug treatment in a large cross-sectional study performed in two metropolitan areas in Brazil's southeast region. A total of 43 647 patients taking antihypertensive treatment were identified...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168974/heeadsss-up-pediatric-residents-confidence-and-practice-in-adolescent-health-care-before-and-after-mandatory-adolescent-medicine-rotations-in-thailand
#9
Rosawan S Areemit, Boonying Manaboriboon, Supinya In-Iw, Jiraporn Arunakul, Wirote Areekul
Background The field of adolescent medicine is an emerging area of specialization in Thailand. Adolescent medicine was made a mandatory rotation in general pediatric residency training programs for the class of 2013. Objective This study aims to explore the difference in pediatric residents' confidence and the frequency in providing aspects of care to adolescents. Subjects Participants included two groups of pediatric residents; the former curriculum group (FCG) in 2012 and the mandatory curriculum group (MCG) in 2015...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168969/comparing-health-promotion-behaviors-of-male-and-female-high-school-students-in-southeast-of-iran
#10
Nasibeh Salari, Jamileh Farokhzadian, Faroukh Abazari
Background Adolescence is one of the most challenging periods of human life. Many healthy or risky behaviors may be formed during this period and continue to the end of life. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the health promotion behaviors of male and female students in high schools. Methods In this descriptive-comparative study, 609 high school students were selected using multi-stage random sampling method. Data were collected using demographic and health-promoting lifestyle profile (HPLPII) questionnaires...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168966/increased-risk-of-sadness-and-suicidality-among-victims-of-bullying-experiencing-additional-threats-to-physical-safety
#11
Tammy B Pham, Andrew Adesman
Objective To examine, in a nationally-representative sample of high school students, to what extent one or more additional threats to physical safety exacerbates the risk of sadness and suicidality among victims of school and/or cyber-bullying. Methods National data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) were analyzed for grades 9-12 (n = 15,624). Victimization groups were characterized by school-bullying and cyber-bullying, with and without additional threats to physical safety: fighting at school, being threatened/injured at school, and skipping school out of fear for one's safety...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168958/relationships-between-physical-activity-food-choices-gender-and-bmi-in-southern-californian-teenagers
#12
Jaclyn B Gaylis, Susan S Levy, Shiloah Kviatkovsky, Rebecca DeHamer, Mee Young Hong
Given the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and risk of developing chronic disease, there has been great interest in preventing these conditions during childhood by focusing on healthy lifestyle habits, including nutritious eating and physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between PA, body mass index (BMI) and food choices in adolescent males and females. This cross-sectional study, using a survey questionnaire, evaluated 1212 Southern Californian adolescents' self-reported PA, BMI and food frequency...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168957/the-effects-of-introducing-tabata-interval-training-and-stability-exercises-to-school-children-as-a-school-based-intervention-program
#13
Annika Ekström, Anna Hafsteinsson Östenberg, Glenn Björklund, Marie Alricsson
Background Physical activities during leisure time as well as school hours have changed over the past few years, with adolescents being less physically active and adopting a sedentary lifestyle. Objective The overall objective of this mixed-methods study was to evaluate the feasibility of introducing a 4-min Tabata interval training into a lower secondary school context. A further aim was to evaluate the possible effects on: coordination, balance, and strength. Methods The study was conducted as an intervention study with a mixed-method approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168955/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-overweight-and-obesity-among-female-adolescents-in-iran
#14
Fatemeh Sedaghat, Farah Naja, Mina Darand, Bita Beyzai, Bahram Rashidkhani
Background Given the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Iran, identification of a healthy diet is essential. Objective This study aimed to assess the association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and overweight and obesity in female adolescents. Methods Two hundred and eighty female adolescents from high schools in Tehran were recruited. General information, physical activity and food frequency questionnaires were completed. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was evaluated using the Mediterranean Style Dietary Pattern Score (MSDPS)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168921/bauhinia-forficata-in-the-treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-patent-review
#15
Bárbara Verônica Cardoso de Souza, Regilda Saraiva Dos Reis Moreira Araújo, Oskar Almeida Silva, Lucas Costa Faustino, Maria Fabrícia Beserra Gonçalves, Mirian Lima Dos Santos, Grasielly Rocha Souza, Lindalva Moura Rocha, Mônica Larissa Sousa Cardoso, Lívio César Cunha Nunes
Diabetes Mellitus has been considered an epidemic by the World Health Organization, with a high risk of morbidity and mortality. The treatment of this pathology consists in glycemic control, which can be done by oral hypoglycemic agents, insulin therapy, dietary guidance, regular physical activity, and psychosocial support. In addition, other adjuvant treatments are employed, such as phytotherapic, and one of the most used plants is Bauhinia forficata. Areas covered: in the current review, patents using Bauhinia forficata for the Diabetes Mellitus treatment have been analyzed...
November 23, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168903/black-phosphorus-based-orientation-induced-diodes
#16
Wei Xin, Xiao-Kuan Li, Xin-Ling He, Bao-Wang Su, Xiao-Qiang Jiang, Kai-Xuan Huang, Xiang-Feng Zhou, Zhi-Bo Liu, Jian-Guo Tian
Despite many decades of research of diodes, which are fundamental components of electronic and photoelectronic devices with p-n or Schottky junctions using bulk or 2D materials, stereotyped architectures and complex technological processing (doping and multiple material operations) have limited future development. Here, a novel rectification device, an orientation-induced diode, assembled using only few-layered black phosphorus (BP) is investigated. The key to its realization is to utilize the remarkable anisotropy of BP in low dimensions and change the charge-transport conditions abruptly along the different crystal orientations...
November 23, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168891/effects-of-sediment-resuspension-on-the-oxidation-of-acid-volatile-sulfides-and-release-of-metals-fe-mn-zn-in-pescadero-estuary-ca-usa
#17
Chandra M Richards, Jasper L Van Puffelen, CéLine Pallud
Bar-built estuaries are unique ecosystems characterized by the presence of a sandbar barrier, which separates the estuary from the ocean for extended periods and that can naturally reopen to the ocean with heavy rainfall and freshwater inflows. The physical effects associated with the transition from closed to open state, specifically water mixing and sediment resuspension, often indirectly worsen water quality conditions and are suspected to drive near-annual fish kills at the Pescadero Estuary in northern California...
November 23, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168883/prevalence-of-frailty-and-associated-factors-in-the-community-dwelling-population-of-china
#18
Lina Ma, Zhe Tang, Li Zhang, Fei Sun, Yun Li, Piu Chan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Frailty in older adults predicts dependence and mortality and is a major challenge for healthcare systems in countries with rapidly aging populations. Little is known about frailty in China. We investigated the prevalence and associated risk factors of frailty in older adults in China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Data were obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study, conducted in 2011-12, which was the first uniform comprehensive assessment system adopted in China...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168856/temperature-dependence-of-photoluminescence-and-hydrogen-bonding-revealed-for-the-first-time-in-a-templated-borate-family-synthesis-structure-and-properties-of-a-pentaborate-emmim-b5o6-oh-4
#19
Kang Zhou, Zhuo-Qing Chen, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Jun Li, Feng-Hua Zhao, Chun-Yang Pan
Herein, a templated borate, [Emmim][B5O6(OH)4] (denoted 1, Emmim = 1-ethyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium), has been synthesized. It is unexpectedly observed that 1 exhibits a series of broadened luminescence curves from -183 to 75 °C, the emission intensities are measured as a decreasing function of temperature, and the line width of the PL emission is strongly enhanced when temperatures decrease below -100 °C. In addition to this, hydrogen bonding (H-B) in 1 with distinctly enlarging trends was observed as the temperature increased...
November 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168787/fred-exergame-to-prevent-dependence-and-functional-deterioration-associated-with-ageing-a-pilot-three-week-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Iranzu Mugueta-Aguinaga, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain
Introduction: Frailty syndrome and advanced age may decrease the acceptance of illness and quality of life, and worsen patients' existing health conditions, as well as leading to an increase in health care expenses. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to reduce frailty risk via the use of a FRED game which has been expressly designed and put together for the study. Materials and methods: A total of 40 frail volunteers with a score of <10 points in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) took part in a feasibility study in order to validate the FRED game...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
30085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"