keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

physical

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743111/sleep-and-olfaction-among-older-adults
#1
V Eloesa McSorley, Jayant Pinto, L Philip Schumm, Kristen Wroblewski, David Kern, Martha McClintock, Diane S Lauderdale
BACKGROUND: Sleep and olfaction are both critical physiological processes that tend to worsen with age. Decline in olfaction can be an early indicator of neurodegenerative diseases, whereas poor sleep quality is associated with reduced physical and mental health. Given associations with aging-related health declines, we explored whether variations in sleep were associated with olfactory function among older adults. METHODS: We assessed the relationship between sleep characteristics and olfaction among 354 community-dwelling older adults...
July 26, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743064/health-status-and-mobility-limitations-are-associated-with-residential-and-employment-status-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#2
M Strassnig, D Cornacchio, P D Harvey, R Kotov, L Fochtmann, E J Bromet
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) are linked to multiple impairments in everyday functioning which share cognitive and symptom risk factors. Other risk factors for critical aspects of every day functioning (e.g., gainful employment; residential independence) such as physical health have not been evaluated, despite poor health in SCZ and BP. METHODS: We analyzed 20-year follow-up data from the Suffolk County Mental Health Project cohort of consecutive first admissions with a psychotic disorder to 12 psychiatric facilities in Suffolk County, NY, between September 1989 and December 1995...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743031/high-ph-thresholding-of-beef-with-vnir-hyperspectral-imaging
#3
Stuart O J Crichton, Sascha M Kirchner, Victoria Porley, Stefanie Retz, Gardis von Gersdorff, Oliver Hensel, Barbara Sturm
Initial quality grading of meat is generally carried out using invasive and occasionally destructive sampling for the purposes of pH testing. Precise pH and thresholds exist to allow the classification of different statuses of meat, e.g. for detection of dry, firm, and dark (DFD) (when dealing with cattle and sheep), or pale, soft exudative meat (when dealing with pork). This paper illustrates that threshold detection for pH level in beef with different freshness levels (fresh, fresh frozen-thawed, matured, and matured frozen-thawed)...
July 18, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743003/patterned-disordered-cell-motion-ensures-vertebral-column-symmetry
#4
Dipjyoti Das, Veena Chatti, Thierry Emonet, Scott A Holley
The biomechanics of posterior embryonic growth must be dynamically regulated to ensure bilateral symmetry of the spinal column. Throughout vertebrate trunk elongation, motile mesodermal progenitors undergo an order-to-disorder transition via an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and sort symmetrically into the left and right paraxial mesoderm. We combine theoretical modeling of cell migration in a tail-bud-like geometry with experimental data analysis to assess the importance of ordered and disordered cell motion...
July 24, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742974/chiropractic-curriculum-mapping-and-congruence-of-the-evidence-for-workplace-interventions-in-work-related-neck-pain
#5
Martin Frutiger, Peter Jeffery Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a best-synthesis summary of the literature for effective workplace health promotion interventions (WHPI) for work-related mechanical neck pain (MNP) and to determine the congruence between knowledge of WHPI for work-related MNP and coverage of MNP in the chiropractic postgraduate program at Macquarie University. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to determine effective WHPI for work-related MNP. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro (from 1991 to 2016) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742946/the-association-between-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
C C A Santana, J O Hill, L B Azevedo, T Gunnarsdottir, W L Prado
Previous studies have found that obesity could influence academic performance. The aim of this study was to systematically review the scientific evidence on the association between obesity and academic performance in school children. A systematic review of English articles was undertaken by using databases PubMed/Medline, ERIC, LILACS, SciELO and Web of Science. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies examining the association between obesity and academic performance in children and adolescents, published between January 1990 and December 2016, were included...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#7
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742873/orienting-towards-social-features-in-naturalistic-scenes-is-reflexive
#8
Lara Rösler, Albert End, Matthias Gamer
Saliency-based models of visual attention postulate that, when a scene is freely viewed, attention is predominantly allocated to those elements that stand out in terms of their physical properties. However, eye-tracking studies have shown that saliency models fail to predict gaze behavior accurately when social information is included in an image. Notably, gaze pattern analyses revealed that depictions of human beings are heavily prioritized independent of their low-level physical saliency. What remains unknown, however, is whether the prioritization of such social features is a reflexive or a voluntary process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#9
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742852/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-anti-inflammatory-active-copper-ii-lawsone-complexes
#10
Ján Vančo, Zdeněk Trávníček, Jan Hošek, Pavel Suchý
We report in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory activities of a series of copper(II)-lawsone complexes of the general composition [Cu(Law)2(LN)x(H2O)(2-x)]·yH2O; where HLaw = 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone, x = 1 when LN = pyridine (1) and 2-aminopyridine (3) and x = 2 when LN = imidazole (2), 3-aminopyridine (4), 4-aminopyridine (5), 3-hydroxypyridine (6), and 3,5-dimethylpyrazole (7). The compounds were thoroughly characterized by physical techniques, including single crystal X-ray analysis of complex 2. Some of the complexes showed the ability to suppress significantly the activation of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) both by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and TNF-alpha (complexes 3-7 at 100 nM level) in the similar manner as the reference drug prednisone (at 1 μM level)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742837/risk-factors-associated-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-us-veterans-a-cohort-study
#11
Jan Müller, Sarmila Ganeshamoorthy, Jonathan Myers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between clinical and exercise test factors and the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in US Veterans. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Exercise capacity, demographics and clinical variables were assessed in 5826 veterans (mean age 59.4 ± 11.5 years) from the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System in Palo Alto, CA. The study participants underwent routine clinical exercise testing between the years 1987 and 2011. The study end point was the development of PTSD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742820/facilitators-and-barriers-to-physical-activity-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-study
#12
Laura Boutevillain, Arnaud Dupeyron, Caroline Rouch, Emilie Richard, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: For medical teams, one of the main objectives of rehabilitation for people with chronic low back pain is adherence to physical activity (PA). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify PA barriers and facilitators in this population. METHODS: This qualitative study included 4 discussion groups and 16 semi-structured interviews conducted among people with non-specific chronic low back pain who were involved in a specific rehabilitation program or seen in primary care settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742807/association-of-coping-strategies-with-mortality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-the-japan-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study
#13
Kakuya Niihata, Shingo Fukuma, Tadao Akizawa, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients are exposed to disease- and treatment-related stresses, and use various coping strategies to deal with these stresses. Although some studies have reported the association of coping strategies with mortality or health-related quality of life (QOL) in some populations, the effect of coping strategies on clinical outcomes in hemodialysis patients remains unclear. We investigated the association in a longitudinal design among Japanese hemodialysis patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742787/functional-outcomes-of-elderly-patients-with-nonoperatively-treated-acetabular-fractures-that-meet-operative-criteria
#14
Scott P Ryan, Theodore T Manson, Marcus F Sciadini, Jason W Nascone, Christopher T LeBrun, Renan C Castillo, Ragu Muppavarapu, Brian Schurko, Robert V O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: To report functional outcomes of displaced acetabular fractures treated nonoperatively in the geriatric patient population. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Two Level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: Twenty-seven patients age 60 years or older who sustained displaced acetabular fractures during an 11-year period. INTERVENTION: Nonoperative treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcome measurements were Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores and Short Form 8 (SF-8) scores...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742767/sedentary-occupation-workers-who-meet-the-physical-activity-recommendations-have-a-reduced-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Yuri Alberto Freire, Daniel Schwade, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Vilma Bayma Montenegro, Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Filipe Fernandes Oliveira Dantas, Eduardo Caldas Costa
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that sedentary occupation workers who meet the physical activity recommendations present a lower risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) than their nonactive counterparts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 502 sedentary occupation workers. Physical activity level was self-reported. MetS was defined by International Diabetes Federation criteria. RESULTS: The active group showed lower odds for MetS [odds ratio (OR) 0...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742757/concurrent-validity-and-responsiveness-of-promis-health-domains-among-patients-presenting-for-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#16
Taylor E Purvis, Elena Andreou, Brian J Neuman, Lee H Riley, Richard L Skolasky
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine validity and responsiveness of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) health domains. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PROMIS health domains (anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain, physical function, satisfaction with participation in social roles, sleep disturbance) may measure quality of care and determine minimal important differences (MIDs) after spine surgery...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742742/practical-applications-of-physical-activity-for-successful-cognitive-aging
#17
Kelly Conner, Cameron Young Sweeney, Tayla Brown, Lauren Childs, Samantha Rogers, Tanya Gregory
As patients lose cognitive function, they lose autonomy and increasingly use fiscal, social, and medical resources. Healthcare costs for Americans older than age 65 years are three to five times higher than for the remaining population, and dementia is the third most costly disease in the United States. Interventions that promote successful aging can help patients and reduce the financial, workforce, and treatment resource burdens on the population. Because a relationship between physical activity, particularly aerobic exercise, and cognitive decline has been established, physical activity interventions may prove practical, affordable, and effective...
August 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742717/integrating-an-interprofessional-education-experience-into-a-human-physiology-course
#18
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
PURPOSE: To obtain physician assistant (PA) student perceptions about an interprofessional education (IPE) training experience embedded in a multidisciplinary science course. METHODS: An IPE training experience was integrated into a graduate human physiology course offered to PA, physical therapy, and graduate studies students. The focus of the activity related to the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of (1) roles and responsibilities and (2) teams and teamwork...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742684/endovascular-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-patients-physically-ineligible-for-open-repair-very-long-term-follow-up-in-the-evar-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Michael J Sweeting, Rajesh Patel, Janet T Powell, Roger M Greenhalgh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare long-term total and aneurysm-related mortality in physically frail patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) randomized to either early endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or no-intervention. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: EVAR-2 remains the sole randomized trial to identify whether EVAR reduces mortality in patients physically ineligible for open repair. METHODS: Between September 1999 and August 2004, 404 patients from 33 centers in the United Kingdom aged ≥60 years with AAA >5...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742629/noonan-syndrome-an-underestimated-cause-of-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-impairment-which-clues-to-suspect-the-diagnosis
#20
Alban Ziegler, Natalie Loundon, Laurence Jonard, Hélène Cavé, Geneviève Baujat, Souad Gherbi, Vincent Couloigner, Sandrine Marlin
OBJECTIVE: To highlight Noonan syndrome as a clinically recognizable cause of severe to profound sensorineural hearing impairment. STUDY DESIGN: New clinical cases and review. SETTING: Patients evaluated for etiological diagnosis by a medical geneticist in a reference center for hearing impairment. PATIENTS: Five patients presenting with confirmed Noonan syndrome and profound sensorineural hearing impairment. INTERVENTIONS: Diagnostic and review of the literature...
July 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
keyword
keyword
30085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"